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US20476A - Improved lock - Google Patents

Improved lock Download PDF

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Publication number
US20476A
US20476A US20476DA US20476A US 20476 A US20476 A US 20476A US 20476D A US20476D A US 20476DA US 20476 A US20476 A US 20476A
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Prior art keywords
slides
teeth
bars
lock
bits
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B37/00Permutation or combination locks; Puzzle locks
    • E05B37/16Permutation or combination locks; Puzzle locks with two or more push or pull knobs, slides, or the like
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T70/00Locks
    • Y10T70/70Operating mechanism
    • Y10T70/7153Combination
    • Y10T70/7181Tumbler type
    • Y10T70/7198Single tumbler set
    • Y10T70/7215Individually set sliding tumblers
    • Y10T70/7226Associated movable operator
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T70/00Locks
    • Y10T70/70Operating mechanism
    • Y10T70/7153Combination
    • Y10T70/735Operating elements
    • Y10T70/7367Tumbler structure and position
    • Y10T70/7373Nested

Description

UNITED STATES PATENT OEEicE.

JOSEPH A. BRADEN, OF LA GRANGE, GEORGIA.

IMPROVED LOCK.

Specication forming part of Letters Patent No. 20,476, dated June S, 185.8.

To all whom t may concern:

Be it known that l, JOSEPH A. BRADEN, of La Grange, in the county of Troup and State of Georgia, have invented a new and Improved Lock; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the annexed drawings,making a part of this speciiication, in which- Figure 1 is an internal view of a lock constructed according to my invention. Fig. 2 is a horizontal section of the same, taken in the line Fig. l. Fig. 3 is a transverse section ofthe same, taken in the line y y, Fig. 1.

Similar letters of reference indicate correspending parts in the several figures.

This invention consists in the employment or use of a series of slides provided with teeth or racks and arranged relatively, as hereinafter shown, with a bifurcated bolt into the parts of which the ends of the slides work or pass, the above parts being used in connection with a series ot bits attached to separate arbors placed one within the other and operated by means of keys or knobs, the whole being constructed and arranged as hereinafter shown, whereby the lock is rendered unpickable and at the same time perfectly simple in construction and not liable to get out of repair.

To enable those skilled in the art to fully understand and construct my invention, I will proceed to describe it.

A represents the case of the lock, which is constructed of metal in the usual quadrilateral form. The bolt is formed of two bars B B, and is consequently a bifurcated or double bolt, the two bars B B being connected at their inner ends by a bar C. The bar C is connected by a rod D to a crank-pulley E on the end of the shank of the knob F. By this means the bars B B are moved in and out by turning the knob. The bars B B work one at the upper and the other at the lower end of the case A and between the top and bottom plates of the case and longitudinal plates c c. (See Figs. l and 3.) The inner ends of the plates a a are connected by a bar Il.

G represents a series of slides which are placed one over the other and fitted together, as shown clearly in Fig. 2, each islide having a longitudinal recess c made in it at one side at its center and a longitudinal ledge or projection d at the opposite side, the ledge or projection of one slide itting in the recess of its adjoining one. The ends of the slides G pass through openings e in the plates a a.

Corresponding openings f are made in the Y bars B B, said openings j', when the bars are thrown outward, registering with the openings e in the plates a. ct. (See Fig. l, in which one of the bars B and plates a are bisected vertically and longitudinally.) The slides G are made of such a length that when adjusted centrally with the case their ends will be flush with the outer edges of the openings ein the plates a c. On the outer surface of the outer slide G springs G bear to keep the slides in proper place.

To the front side of each slide G a series of teeth h are attached. Five teeth h are shown. In addition to the teeth h on each slide there are two yielding or elastic teeth h h. These yielding teeth are placed one at each end of the teeth h, as shown clearly in Fig. l. These teeth h are so constructed that each will yield or give in one direction only, as indicated by the arrows, said teeth being perfectly rigid in the opposite direction.

I-I represents a series of bits which are attached to bosses t'. These bosses are each attached to arbors j k Z m, which are tted one within the other, as shown clearly in Fig. 8, each arbor being allowed to turn independently of the others. Each arbor passes through the outer plate of the lock, and each is provided at its outer end with a knob or thumb-wheel n. The bits `Il are so placed that one will be opposite each slide G, and

the bits are placed atsuch a distance from y the teeth hof the slides that the bits will gear into them and move the slides as the bits are turned.

The bars B when shoved outward from the case A are retained in that state by the slides G, which are moved promiscuously, so that theirends will project into the openings f of the bars, some of the slides iitting in one bar and some in the other, and in order to shut the bars back into the case A the slides G must all be so moved that their ends will be flush with the outer edges of the openings e in the plates a a. This is effected by having a mark g on each knob or wheel n coinciding with the position of its bit I-I, and then when the lock is locked the person must note the i u i movement he `gfives each slide by counting the turns of the knob or Wheel n, through which it was m0ved,`or an index-plate may be attached to the outer plate of the lock in order that the position of each slide may be noted by the person who locks the lock. This being done, the saine person of course can move the slides in proper positions, so as to liberate the bars B, and therefore allow them to be moved back by turning` the knob F. The elastic teeth h are to prevent the bits H being stopped when the slides have been moved the full extent of their movement in one direction, the teeth 'h' yielding to the action of the bits. Vhen, however, the bits act upon the teeth in the opposite directionthat is, the direction in Which the slides can move-the teeth h will not yield or give and the slides Will be moved, the teeth h acting in the latter case as stationary teeth. By means of the yielding cogs the positions of the slides are prevented from being discovered or being tampered with, the bits being allowed to turn completely around any number of times. v

I Would remark. that one or more series of slides G may be used, and the lock therefore maybe made as complex as desired and placed entirely beyond the reach of burglars. I would also remark that the slides G may be arranged in any proper Way, so as to prevent them from getting out of proper position.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

The slides G, placed relatively withv the bars B B, as shown, and provided With the stationary teeth h and yielding teeth h', in combination with the bits H, placed on separate arbors and arranged to operate as and for the purpose set forth. l Y

JOSEPH A. BRADEN. Vitnesses:

O. S. MAFFETT, HENRY O. STANLEY.

US20476A Improved lock Expired - Lifetime US20476A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1248313B (en) * 1962-11-02 1967-08-24 Amphenol Corp Apparatus for amplifying a picture represented by the position of the pointer of a measuring system actual value of a measured variable

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1248313B (en) * 1962-11-02 1967-08-24 Amphenol Corp Apparatus for amplifying a picture represented by the position of the pointer of a measuring system actual value of a measured variable

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