US204086A - Improvement in pressure-indicators for steam-engines - Google Patents

Improvement in pressure-indicators for steam-engines Download PDF

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US204086A
US204086A US204086DA US204086A US 204086 A US204086 A US 204086A US 204086D A US204086D A US 204086DA US 204086 A US204086 A US 204086A
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lever
pencil
pressure
steam
spring
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04HBROADCAST COMMUNICATION
    • H04H20/00Arrangements for broadcast or for distribution combined with broadcast
    • H04H20/12Arrangements for observation, testing or troubleshooting
    • H04H20/14Arrangements for observation, testing or troubleshooting for monitoring programmes

Definitions

  • the motive-power may be applied thereto at variable points with relation to the fulcrum of said lever, and thereby vary the extent of movement of the pencil, when desired.
  • Figure 1 is a perpective view of a registering pressure gage embracing my invention
  • Fig. 2 a view, partly in elevation and partly in vertical section, of the tubular spring and pencil-operating devices of a registering steamgage.
  • Fig. 3 shows a diagram such as would be taken at different pressures.
  • tubular spring A One end of the tubular spring A is attached to a base, B, and curves upward in approximately semicircular form.
  • the lower end of this tubular spring is provided with a screwnozzle, 0, by means of which it may be connected to a steam boiler, cylinder, or other chamber within which steam or other vapor pressure is exerted.
  • a rod, D is connected by a ball-and-socket joint, E, to the upper end of the spring, and
  • the lower end of said rod is adjustably pivoted to a long lever, F, which is fulcrumed upon an arm, 9, of a bracket, G, arranged upon the base B.
  • the outer end of the lever F is pivoted to the center of a vertical arm, H, the lower end of which is pivoted to one end of a short link, I, the other end of which is pivoted to the end of the bracket G, and occupies aposition par .allel with the spring-connectin g lever.
  • the upper end of the vertical arm H is provided with a pencil-holder, 71-, in which is the pencil K, the point of which presses against the paper on the surface of the rotary drum L.
  • the object of the centrally-pivoted pencilarm H in connection with the parallel arrangement of the lever and link of unequal length, is to produce a direct vertical movement of the pencil, parallel with the axis of the drum, so that if the drum should remain stationary, and the lever F be moved, the pencil would produce a directly vertical line upon a sheet of paper placed in the usual manner upon said drum, for, as the upward movement of the lever F moves its pivot connection with the arm H upward and inward in a curved line, the simultaneous movement of the short link 1 moves the lower end of said arm inwardly, thus keeping its upper end outward sudiciently to compensate for the movement of the center, and thus maintain a movement of the pencil parallel with the axis of the cylinder.
  • the lever F is provided with a longitudinal series of holes, 0, into either of which may be inserted the pin m, by which the rod D is pivoted to the lever.
  • the dotted lines show the pressures on the same card and with the same spring of twenty-five pounds of steam for the adjustment in the first hole 0 from the fulcrum, thirty-five pounds for the second, and fifty pound for the third.
  • the object is to multiply and show the defects that may be in the engine, and to produce different scales with the same spring, twenty pounds to one inch, forty pounds to one inch, sixty pounds to one inch, &c.
  • the gage may be connected to a boiler or any other chamber in which vapor is exerted, and the drumsheet may be so subdivided that the pencil will register the variations of pressure in the boiler.
  • the ball-and-socket joint E of the springconnecting rod allows the latter to vibrate with the action of the spring without binding, and renders it easy to work with the different adjustments of the lever and rod connections.
  • a registering pressuregage having a suitable motor, a lever adjustably connected therewith and connected with the pencil-carrying arm, in combination with a moving tablet, sheet, or drum, substantially as described.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Signal Processing (AREA)
  • Mechanical Pencils And Projecting And Retracting Systems Therefor, And Multi-System Writing Instruments (AREA)

Description

J. RAE. Pressure-Indicator for Steam-Engines.
6- Patented May 21,1878.
16 .1, Jill! 1;;
i f H I I N s I1 A [Ii I I I6 I H M W I I l| O 11" d n I v a II 1| uh I UNITEDSTATES PATENT ()FFIGE.
JOHN RAE, on NEW YORK, N. Y.
IMPROVEMENT IN PRESSURE-INDICATORS FOR STEAM-ENGINES.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 204,086, dated May 21, 1878; application filed December 20, 1877.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN RAE, of New York city,'in the county of New York and State of New York, have invented certain new and usen11 Improvements in Pressure-Indicators; and
1 do hereby declare that the following is a full,
clear, and exact description thereof, which will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference: being had to the accompanying drawings, and F .to letters of reference marked thereon, whichi form a part of this specification.
one spring and pencil attachment.
that the motive-power may be applied thereto at variable points with relation to the fulcrum of said lever, and thereby vary the extent of movement of the pencil, when desired.
In the accompanying drawing, illustrating my invention, is shown its application to a steam-gage having a tubular or what is known as a Bourdon spring, but it may be as well applied to diaphragm or piston gages, as will be readily understood from the following description by persons familiar with the construction of such gages.
Figure 1 is a perpective view of a registering pressure gage embracing my invention; Fig. 2, a view, partly in elevation and partly in vertical section, of the tubular spring and pencil-operating devices of a registering steamgage. Fig. 3 shows a diagram such as would be taken at different pressures.
One end of the tubular spring A is attached to a base, B, and curves upward in approximately semicircular form. The lower end of this tubular spring is provided with a screwnozzle, 0, by means of which it may be connected to a steam boiler, cylinder, or other chamber within which steam or other vapor pressure is exerted.
A rod, D, is connected by a ball-and-socket joint, E, to the upper end of the spring, and
the lower end of said rod is adjustably pivoted to a long lever, F, which is fulcrumed upon an arm, 9, of a bracket, G, arranged upon the base B.
The outer end of the lever F is pivoted to the center of a vertical arm, H, the lower end of which is pivoted to one end of a short link, I, the other end of which is pivoted to the end of the bracket G, and occupies aposition par .allel with the spring-connectin g lever.
The upper end of the vertical arm H is provided with a pencil-holder, 71-, in which is the pencil K, the point of which presses against the paper on the surface of the rotary drum L.
The object of the centrally-pivoted pencilarm H, in connection with the parallel arrangement of the lever and link of unequal length, is to produce a direct vertical movement of the pencil, parallel with the axis of the drum, so that if the drum should remain stationary, and the lever F be moved, the pencil would produce a directly vertical line upon a sheet of paper placed in the usual manner upon said drum, for, as the upward movement of the lever F moves its pivot connection with the arm H upward and inward in a curved line, the simultaneous movement of the short link 1 moves the lower end of said arm inwardly, thus keeping its upper end outward sudiciently to compensate for the movement of the center, and thus maintain a movement of the pencil parallel with the axis of the cylinder.
The lever F is provided with a longitudinal series of holes, 0, into either of which may be inserted the pin m, by which the rod D is pivoted to the lever.
Now, it is obvious that a given expansive movement of the tubular spring, caused by a certain degree of vapor or steam pressure therein, will, through the rod D, produce a movement of the pencil end of the lever F, varying in extent according to the relative proportions of the parts or arms of said lever on each side of the point of applied power. For instance, if the rod D be pivoted at the hole 0, nearest the fulcrum of the lever F, a given extent of expansive movement in the spring will produce a greater movement of the lever than if said rod were pivoted at the hole farthest from the fulcrum.
Suppose the gage to be connected to one end of a steam-cylinder, it is obvious that the alternate supply and exhaust of pressure in said cylinder will cause a vibratory motion or alternate expansion and contraction of the spring, and a corresponding movement of the pencil.
Now, the drumLis connected with the crosshead or other part of the engine by a cord,
' so arranged as to give the desired length of diagram, and a spring in the drum to give a reciprocating motion, and when a sheet of blank paper is fixed upon the surface thereof this reciprocating motion, combined with the movement of the pencil, causes to be produced upon the paper a variable line, which will show the pressure at any given point of the stroke on a scale according to the point at which the rod D is pivoted to the lever F.
Referring to the diagram, the dotted lines show the pressures on the same card and with the same spring of twenty-five pounds of steam for the adjustment in the first hole 0 from the fulcrum, thirty-five pounds for the second, and fifty pound for the third.
The object is to multiply and show the defects that may be in the engine, and to produce different scales with the same spring, twenty pounds to one inch, forty pounds to one inch, sixty pounds to one inch, &c. The
only difference there will be inthe appearanceof the diagram with twenty-five and fifty pounds will be in the case of condensing-engines, when the distance of the vacuum-line 'from the atmospheric would only be one-half at fifty of that at twenty-five.
Instead of the gage being connected to a cylinder to register the pressure at every stroke of the piston, it may be connected to a boiler or any other chamber in which vapor is exerted, and the drumsheet may be so subdivided that the pencil will register the variations of pressure in the boiler.
To any one at all familiar with pressuregages there will be no difficulty in connecting my registering devices with any of the known forms of diaphragm or piston-gages without special instructions, all that is necessary being to connect the usual index-operating lever or arm by a suitable link to the lever F, arranging the parts, of course, as required or suggested by circumstances, and to produce the required movement of the pencil-carrying arm.
The ball-and-socket joint E of the springconnecting rod allows the latter to vibrate with the action of the spring without binding, and renders it easy to work with the different adjustments of the lever and rod connections.
I claim- 1. A registering pressuregage, having a suitable motor, a lever adjustably connected therewith and connected with the pencil-carrying arm, in combination with a moving tablet, sheet, or drum, substantially as described.
2. The combination of the pencil-movin g lever F, adjustably-pivoted rod D, and spring A, substantially as described.
3. The combination of the springA,adjustably-pivoted rod D, lever F, centrally-pivoted pencil-arm H, and link I, substantially as described.
4. The combination, with the hollow spring A, the pencil-lever F, and the adjustable connecting-rod D, of the ball-and-socket joint E, for the purpose stated.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing I have affixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
JOHN RAE.
Witnesses O. A. FRASER, G. FRoTsoH R.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2682252A (en) * 1952-07-24 1954-06-29 Bengtsson Johan Fredrik Weighing scale indicator device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2682252A (en) * 1952-07-24 1954-06-29 Bengtsson Johan Fredrik Weighing scale indicator device

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