US2035643A - Cushioning means for tools - Google Patents

Cushioning means for tools Download PDF

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Publication number
US2035643A
US2035643A US732205A US73220534A US2035643A US 2035643 A US2035643 A US 2035643A US 732205 A US732205 A US 732205A US 73220534 A US73220534 A US 73220534A US 2035643 A US2035643 A US 2035643A
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United States
Prior art keywords
barrel
handle
tool
section
cushioning
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Expired - Lifetime
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US732205A
Inventor
Cecil N Douglass
Reinhold A Norling
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INDEPENDENT PNEUMATIC TOOL CO
Original Assignee
INDEPENDENT PNEUMATIC TOOL CO
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Application filed by INDEPENDENT PNEUMATIC TOOL CO filed Critical INDEPENDENT PNEUMATIC TOOL CO
Priority to US732205A priority Critical patent/US2035643A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2035643A publication Critical patent/US2035643A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25DPERCUSSIVE TOOLS
    • B25D17/00Details of, or accessories for, portable power-driven percussive tools
    • B25D17/04Handles; Handle mountings
    • B25D17/043Handles resiliently mounted relative to the hammer housing

Description

March 31, 1936. Q DOUGLASS ET AL 2,035,643
CUSHIONING MEANS FOR TOOLS Filed June 25, 1954 figjih v NVENTOR? BY fem/70h fl. War/2m;
ATTORNEY;
Patented Mar. 31, 1936 ETED STATES 'ATEN OFFICE Aurora, 111., assignors to matic Tool (30., Delaware Independent Pneu- Chicago, 111., a corporation of Application June 25, 1934, Serial No. 732,205 2 Claims; (01. 12 -ss) This invention relates to cushioning means incorporated in the handles of portable power actuated impact tools, such as riveting hammers, chipping hammers and the like, to relieve the hand of the operator grasping the handles of vibration and sting during the operation of the tools.
, One of the objects of our invention is to have the cushioning means maintain that section of the handle which is grasped by the hand of the operator in holding and operating the tool out of metallic contact with the other section of the handle which connects the handle to the barrel of the tool whereby the shocks and jars to which the barrel and the coupling section of the handle. are subjected in the operation of the tool will not be transmitted to the hand grasping section of the handle to tire and sting the hand of the operator as heretofore.
A further object of our invention is to connect the cushioning means to both sections of the handle whereby the two sections will be connected together through the cushioning means and enable the handle to be applied to and be removed from the barrel of the tool as a unit or single fixture.
A further object of our invention is to provide the cushioning means of resilient rubber and to vulcanize the rubber to both of the handle sections whereby the rubber cushion is connected to both sections and the sections are connected together through the cushion. I
A further object of our invention is to have the cushioning means exposed on the outer side ofthe tool whereby the cushioning means is not enclosed within the tool and is free to expand exteriorly thereof.
A further object of our invention is to interpose the cushioning means ,between the handle sections whereby the coupling section which has adjustable connection with the barrel may have direct contact with the distributing valve assembly at the inner end of the barrel for clamping it tightly and solidly against the barrel on securing the handle to the barrel and thus prevent a loss of power of the tool by preventing leakage of the pressure fluid from the barrel at its contact with the valve device.
The invention consists further in the features hereinafter described and claimed.
In the accompanying drawing:-
Fig. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view with parts in elevation of a pneumatic chipping hammer equipped with a cushioning handle of our invention;
Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional View taken on line 2-2 of Fig. 1; and
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the cushioning member.
In the drawing, l indicates the barrel of the 5 tool providing a cylinder for the hammering piston or impact member 2. The latter is reciprocated in the barrel by pressure fluid, such as compressed air, for imparting the necessary blows on a chisel or other working element 3 on the front end of the barrel. The element 3 is supported in a nozzle 4 in the front end of the barrel as in tools of this general character. 7
The handle for the tool is secured to the rear end of the barrel and in accordance with our invention is made in two parts 5 and 6. The part 5, which constitutes the coupling section for the handle, is in the form of a cap having a tubular portion 5a to fit over the rear end of the barrel and having endwise adjustable connection therewith as at l. The connection shown comprises internal screw threads in the tubular portion of the cap and external screw threads on the barrel. A locking means 8 carried by the barrel at the inner end of the cap is employed for holding the cap against rotation after it has been screwed on the barrel to the extent necessary to secure the handle to the barrel and to clamp the distributing valve device 9 for the piston 2 against the rear end of the barrel. It will be noted that the cap 5 encloses the valve device and has an end Wall ID for direct contact therewith. By this construction, the valve device has metal to metal contact with the barrel and the cap, respectively, and thus the cap may tightly and solidly clamp the valve device against the inner end of the barrel to prevent leakage between them. This is an important feature of our invention, as the cushioning means to be presently described while relieving the hand grasping section 6 of the handle of vibrations, does not prevent a tight and solid joint being obtained between the valve device and the adjacent end of the barrel.
The cushioning means comprises a ring or annulus I I of resilient material such as live rubber. 45 The ring H is incorporated in the handle construction between the parts at 5 and 6, seating on the end wall! of the part 5 and in a cavity l 2 in the opposed portion of the part 6. The ring H fills the space between the parts 5 and 6 and holds the part 6 out of metallic contact with the part 5. 7 Thus vibrations imparted to the part 5 from the barrel in the operation of the tool are not transmitted to the part 6 and the hand of the operator grasping part 6 is relieved of these with a passage l3 for supplying pressure fluid to the barrel of the tool through the distributing valve 9. A throttle valve I4 is mounted in the section 6 for controlling the flow of pressure fluid through the passage l3. The throttle valve is of the self-closing type, a spring being provided for the purpose. A lever I5 is fulcrumed on the section 6 adjacent the throttle valve for opening it. The lever is depressed to open the throttle valve and is within the reach of the thumb of the operators hand grasping the handle section 6. A nipple I6 is connected to the section 6 at the entrance end of the passage [3 whereby a pressure supply hose (not shown) may be attached to the tool.
The handle section 6 is provided with a tubular projection I1 forming an extension for the passage l3. This projection extends through the cushioning member I l and. into an opening l8 provided in the end wall ll! of the handle part 5 for supplying pressure fluid to the barrel of the tool through the cushioning means. The opening l8 registers with the inlet opening of the valve block 9. The cushioning member I l fits about the projection l1 and. the latter serves to hold the cushioning member in place between the handle sections and in central relation with respect thereto. The opening I8 is slightly larger than the portion of the projection I1 extending into the opening whereby a clearance space, indicated at a, is provided between the parts to prevent any metal to metal contact between the handle parts 5 and 6 and thus avoid the transmission of vibrations from the barrel to the handle section 6 in the operation of the tool.
The cushioning member I l in accordance with our invention is permanently united to the handle sections 5 and 6 as by vulcanizing or fusing the member II to these parts. This not only connects the sections together to render the handle a single unit, but also enables the sections to have relative movement in the functioning of the cushioning member in relieving the handle section of vibrations. Moreover the inter-connection of the cushioning member with the handle sections enables the handle as a unit to be screwed onto the barrel with sufiicient tightness to tightly and solidly clamp the valve block against the adjacent end of the barrel, yet retaining the flexibility of the connection to absorb these vibrations. It will be noted that the cushioning member II is exposed on the outer side of the tool and thus is free to expand in response to vibrations in the operation of the tool.
The invention has no reference to the particular form of the tool in so far as the porting arrangement is concerned for supplying pressure fluid to and exhausting it from the opposite ends of the barrel to reciprocate the piston element 2 therein. The tool shown in the drawing is of the type which operates on the principle disclosed in the Reinhold A. Norling Patent No. 1,881,886 granted October 11, 1932. h The valve block 9 contains a. plate valve l9 which as disclosed in said patent is shifted laterally in a chamber in the block by the action of the pressure fluid on its opposite sides. The porting arrangement is such that the supply of the pressure fluid to the opposite ends of the barrel is controlled by the shifting of this plate valve. It is not necessary here to describe the action of the distributing valve except to state generally that the tool disclosed in the present drawing has the necessary porting arrangement, including exhaust ports 20 which are disposed in the coupling section 5 of the handle and opening directly to the atmosphere as shown.
The projection l'l forms a continuation of the cavity l2 and in conjunction therewith provides an inter-fitting connection between the cushioning member II and the handle section 6. The latter may be provided about the outer edge of the cavity with a-ridge-like flange 2| which seats in a groove 22 provided about the outer edge of the cushioning member. The end wall ll] of the coupling section 5 may be provided with a tapered projection 23 about its opening l8 for the purpose of providing a tapered seat for the portion of the cushioning member adjacent the opening. This enables the projection I! to pass completely through the cushioning member I l whereby to eliminate oil in the inlet air coming into contact with the rubber cushion. It is of course to be understood that the handle sections are made of metal and that the cushioning member is fused or vulcanized to these metal parts.
The details of the construction and arrangement of parts shown and described may be variously changed and modified without departing from the spirit and scope of our invention except as pointed out in the appended claims.
We claim as our invention:
1. In a portable pneumatic hammer having a barrel, a cushioned handle secured to one end of the barrel and having spaced sections, one section coupling the handle to the barrel and the other section being provided with a hand grasping portion having a pressure fluid supply passage therein, a cushion member of solid resilient rubber interposed between and vulcanized to said sections for relieving the hand grasping section of vibrations imparted to the coupling section from the barrel, said cushion member being exposed on the outer side of the tool for expansion laterally of the barrel, and a tubular member connected with the supply passage in the hand grasping section and extending into the coupling section through the cushion member for conveying pressure fluid for operating the tool from the handle to the barrel, said tubular member being out of contact with the coupling section of the handle. 7 V
2. In a portable pneumatic hammer having a barrel and a hammering piston therein, a valve block seated on the inner end of the barrel and having a distributing valve for controlling the supply of pressure fluid to the barrel for reciprocating the piston, a cushioned handle secured to the inner end of the barrel over the valve block and having spaced sections, one section being provided with a hand grasping portion havinga pressure fluid supply passage therein, and the other section being screwed on the barrel and having an end wall engageable directly against the valve block for tightly clamping the same on the barrel, a cushion member of solid resilient rubber interposed between and vulcanized to said end wall and the section of the handle having the hand grasping portion for relieving the latter of vibrations imparted to the coupling section from the barrel, said cushion member being free to expand laterally of the barrel, and a tubular member connected to the supply passage in the hand grasping portion and. extending into the coupling section through the cushion member for conveying pressure fluid for operating the tool from the handle to the barrel, said end wall having an opening to receive the tubular member and being out of contact therewith.
CECIL N. DOUGLASS. REDIHOLD A. NORLING.
US732205A 1934-06-25 1934-06-25 Cushioning means for tools Expired - Lifetime US2035643A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE738885C (en) * 1940-07-20 1943-09-04 Wilhelm Reppel Pneumatic impact tool
US2441766A (en) * 1946-05-03 1948-05-18 George W Jardine Shock absorber for pneumatic apparatus
FR2301339A1 (en) * 1975-02-21 1976-09-17 Caterpillar Tractor Co PORTABLE PNEUMATIC PERCUSSION DEVICE
US4060138A (en) * 1976-07-08 1977-11-29 Post Office Vibratory tools
US4401167A (en) * 1980-07-18 1983-08-30 Hitachi Koki Company, Limited Vibratory tool with a vibration proof mechanism for the handle thereof
US4491184A (en) * 1981-09-09 1985-01-01 Kioritz Corporation Vibration damping device for mowing machine
US4771833A (en) * 1988-02-08 1988-09-20 Honsa Technologies Portable tool with vibration damping
US5031273A (en) * 1988-05-27 1991-07-16 Kyowa Metal Works Co., Ltd. Vibration-free handle
US5996708A (en) * 1997-07-04 1999-12-07 Hilti Aktiengesellschaft Percussion tool
US20030160082A1 (en) * 2001-12-20 2003-08-28 Joachim Gunther Bolt setting tool
US20070289761A1 (en) * 2006-06-14 2007-12-20 A & M Electric Tools Gmbh Auxiliary Handle for a Hand-Held Power Tool

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE738885C (en) * 1940-07-20 1943-09-04 Wilhelm Reppel Pneumatic impact tool
US2441766A (en) * 1946-05-03 1948-05-18 George W Jardine Shock absorber for pneumatic apparatus
FR2301339A1 (en) * 1975-02-21 1976-09-17 Caterpillar Tractor Co PORTABLE PNEUMATIC PERCUSSION DEVICE
US4060138A (en) * 1976-07-08 1977-11-29 Post Office Vibratory tools
US4401167A (en) * 1980-07-18 1983-08-30 Hitachi Koki Company, Limited Vibratory tool with a vibration proof mechanism for the handle thereof
US4491184A (en) * 1981-09-09 1985-01-01 Kioritz Corporation Vibration damping device for mowing machine
US4771833A (en) * 1988-02-08 1988-09-20 Honsa Technologies Portable tool with vibration damping
US5031273A (en) * 1988-05-27 1991-07-16 Kyowa Metal Works Co., Ltd. Vibration-free handle
US5996708A (en) * 1997-07-04 1999-12-07 Hilti Aktiengesellschaft Percussion tool
US20030160082A1 (en) * 2001-12-20 2003-08-28 Joachim Gunther Bolt setting tool
US20070289761A1 (en) * 2006-06-14 2007-12-20 A & M Electric Tools Gmbh Auxiliary Handle for a Hand-Held Power Tool

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