US20200173442A1 - Zoro compressor - Google Patents

Zoro compressor Download PDF

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US20200173442A1
US20200173442A1 US16/634,187 US201816634187A US2020173442A1 US 20200173442 A1 US20200173442 A1 US 20200173442A1 US 201816634187 A US201816634187 A US 201816634187A US 2020173442 A1 US2020173442 A1 US 2020173442A1
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Prior art keywords
refrigerant
zoro
compressor
movable
shaped
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US16/634,187
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Enver ORAL
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01CROTARY-PISTON OR OSCILLATING-PISTON MACHINES OR ENGINES
    • F01C21/00Component parts, details or accessories not provided for in groups F01C1/00 - F01C20/00
    • F01C21/08Rotary pistons
    • F01C21/0809Construction of vanes or vane holders
    • F01C21/0818Vane tracking; control therefor
    • F01C21/0827Vane tracking; control therefor by mechanical means
    • F01C21/0845Vane tracking; control therefor by mechanical means comprising elastic means, e.g. springs
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C29/00Component parts, details or accessories of pumps or pumping installations, not provided for in groups F04C18/00 - F04C28/00
    • F04C29/0042Driving elements, brakes, couplings, transmissions specially adapted for pumps
    • F04C29/005Means for transmitting movement from the prime mover to driven parts of the pump, e.g. clutches, couplings, transmissions
    • F04C29/0057Means for transmitting movement from the prime mover to driven parts of the pump, e.g. clutches, couplings, transmissions for eccentric movement
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C18/00Rotary-piston pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids
    • F04C18/22Rotary-piston pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids of internal-axis type with equidirectional movement of co-operating members at the points of engagement, or with one of the co-operating members being stationary, the inner member having more teeth or tooth equivalents than the outer member
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C18/00Rotary-piston pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids
    • F04C18/30Rotary-piston pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids having the characteristics covered by two or more of groups F04C18/02, F04C18/08, F04C18/22, F04C18/24, F04C18/48, or having the characteristics covered by one of these groups together with some other type of movement between co-operating members
    • F04C18/34Rotary-piston pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids having the characteristics covered by two or more of groups F04C18/02, F04C18/08, F04C18/22, F04C18/24, F04C18/48, or having the characteristics covered by one of these groups together with some other type of movement between co-operating members having the movement defined in group F04C18/08 or F04C18/22 and relative reciprocation between the co-operating members
    • F04C18/344Rotary-piston pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids having the characteristics covered by two or more of groups F04C18/02, F04C18/08, F04C18/22, F04C18/24, F04C18/48, or having the characteristics covered by one of these groups together with some other type of movement between co-operating members having the movement defined in group F04C18/08 or F04C18/22 and relative reciprocation between the co-operating members with vanes reciprocating with respect to the inner member
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C29/00Component parts, details or accessories of pumps or pumping installations, not provided for in groups F04C18/00 - F04C28/00
    • F04C29/12Arrangements for admission or discharge of the working fluid, e.g. constructional features of the inlet or outlet
    • F04C29/124Arrangements for admission or discharge of the working fluid, e.g. constructional features of the inlet or outlet with inlet and outlet valves specially adapted for rotary or oscillating piston pumps
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C23/00Combinations of two or more pumps, each being of rotary-piston or oscillating-piston type, specially adapted for elastic fluids; Pumping installations specially adapted for elastic fluids; Multi-stage pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids
    • F04C23/008Hermetic pumps

Definitions

  • the present invention is related to a compressor that is used for processes of compressing gas and liquid fluids in heating, cooling and air conditioning industries and for control and operating systems of related mechanisms as well, which has higher efficiency, lower energy consumption, and longer operating life and provides high performance with low noise levels.
  • compressors Today motors which are used in heating, cooling and air conditioning industries and for compressing air or other gasses to higher pressures than atmospheric pressures are known as compressors. Compressors are used in a pneumatic operating system in order to supply air support in the environments where pressurized air is needed. These devices are used to enable us to use pressurized air by means of compression, and to obtain partial vacuum at a certain rate or to reduce pressure below atmospheric pressure.
  • compressors There are three types of compressors commonly used in the prior art. Said compressors are scroll type compressors, rotary compressors and reciprocating or piston compressors. In operating principle of all three types of compressors, the shaft rotates after it is driven by the electric motor, and after the gas fluid (R410, Freon, NH3 etc.) is received from the suction valve the shaft compresses the fluid transmits said fluid to the system from the discharge valve; and the system pumps fluid that has increased pressure and temperatures to the condenser and to the system. By means of this pressure difference created, evaporation at a low pressure occurs in the evaporator while condensation at high pressures occurs in the condenser.
  • gas fluid R410, Freon, NH3 etc.
  • All three types of compressors receive the refrigerant in a full cycle from the suction valve and submit the refrigerant after it is compressed from the discharge valve to the system.
  • this allows any fluids with high flow rates to be sent to the system at the desired high speed.
  • the rotation speed is high, while the suction process is carried out initially at 180° degrees the discharge process is carried out finally at 180° degrees, and therefore the suction chambers of the compressors fill up in a shorter period of time. In this case, the efficiency of the compressors is reduced.
  • the scroll type compressor, rotary compressor and piston compressor which are being used currently, operate quite loudly as their rotation speed is high. This situation affects the comfort of the user and it is disturbing.
  • the high speed of said compressors result in significant vibration of the devices and it also reduces the operating life of the compressors while at the same time it increases breakdown rates.
  • the present invention relates to a novel compressor, in order to eliminate the above mentioned disadvantages and to provide novel advantages to the related technical field.
  • Another aim of the invention is to provide a compressor that also has higher efficiency, lower energy consumption, longer operating life and provides high performance with low noise levels, in comparison to the types of compressors such as the scroll type compressor, rotary compressor and piston compressor used in the prior art.
  • the present invention relates to a high efficiency compressor with the aim of achieving all the objects that have been mentioned above and wherein the compressor is more explicit by means of the detailed description below.
  • the present invention comprises a movable Y-shaped element that reduces a volume of the refrigerant while increasing the pressure and a temperature of the same due to the both linear and partial rotational movement of the refrigerant wherein the movable Y-shaped flaps divides the compressor into 3 chambers and a Y-shaped body that forms a volume of the Y-shaped element transmits the refrigerant to a refrigerant discharge chamber, wherein it also forms a volume of the movable Y-shaped element and transmits the refrigerant through a refrigerant distribution duct to 3 chambers divided by the movable Y-shaped element, a suction port and a discharge port, a refrigerant discharge chamber wherein the fluid with higher pressure and temperature that is introduced from the discharge port is collected, and wherein this fluid is transmitted to the compressor,
  • the Y-shaped body is configured so as to have a suction port under or on one side.
  • FIG. 1 shows a side perspective view of the compressor.
  • FIG. 2 shows a top perspective view of the compressor.
  • FIG. 3 shows an isometric, shadowed-edge view of the compressor.
  • FIG. 4 shows a side perspective, shadowed-edge view of the compressor.
  • the compressor ( 17 ) provides new generation technology having high efficiency with low energy consumption.
  • a movable Y-shaped element ( 1 ) compresses the fluid that has filled into the chambers by means of a motion it receives from an eccentric shaft ( 6 ).
  • a Y-shaped body forms a chamber that allows the fluid to remain between the movable Y-shaped element ( 1 ) and the movable Y-shaped flaps ( 7 ).
  • the leaf valve ( 3 ) acts as the suction valve.
  • the leaf valve ( 3 ) fills the fluid that it receives through a refrigerant duct ( 10 ) into chambers respectively divided into three parts when the system switches to the suction process while blocking the fluids filling into the chambers respectively from returning to the refrigerant duct ( 10 ) when the system switches to the discharge process.
  • the spring ( 5 ) forms a sealing between the chambers creating a tension between the movable Y-shaped flaps ( 7 ) with the movable Y-shaped element ( 1 ) and the Y-shaped body ( 2 ).
  • the eccentric shaft ( 6 ) rotates all chambers to 120 degrees by means of the eccentricity created by the movable Y-shaped element ( 1 ), the spring ( 5 ) and the movable Y-shaped flaps ( 7 ), and also creates a linear movement, so that the desired decrease and an increase in volume can be achieved.
  • the chambers are divided into three parts by remaining in between the movable Y-shaped flaps ( 7 ), the movable Y-shaped element ( 1 ) and the Y-shaped body ( 2 ).
  • the refrigerant inlet port ( 8 ) delivers the refrigerant to the refrigerant distribution duct ( 10 ).
  • the refrigerant outlet port ( 9 ) delivers the fluid with high pressure and temperature that has filled into the refrigerant discharge chamber ( 11 ) to the system.
  • the refrigerant distribution duct ( 10 ) is a duct configured such as to be formed around the Y-shaped body ( 2 ), and acts to deliver the refrigerant through the leaf valves ( 3 ) by means of ports perforated on the sides of the chambers divided into three parts during the suction process.
  • the refrigerant discharge chamber ( 11 ) functions to collect the refrigerant fluid that passes a steel valve ( 4 ) where the fluid has been compressed inside the chambers that are divided into three parts.
  • An electric motor rotor ( 12 ) enables the eccentric shaft ( 6 ) to rotate.
  • the electric motor ( 13 ) enables the mechanism configured such as to be actuated by means of rotating the electric motor rotor ( 12 ).
  • the compressor legs ( 14 ) are used to fix the compressor ( 17 ) on the ground at a determined position.
  • Suction ports ( 15 ) are formed of three ports, and they transmit the fluid introduced from the refrigerant distribution duct ( 10 ) to the chambers divided into three parts via the leaf valve ( 3 ).
  • the discharge ports ( 16 ) deliver the refrigerant contained in the chambers through the steel valve ( 4 ) to the refrigerant discharge chamber ( 11 ) once the volume of the refrigerant is reduced.
  • Said compressor is characterized in that it comprises a movable Y-shaped element ( 1 ) that divides the compressor ( 17 ) into 3 chambers by means of movable Y-shaped flaps ( 7 ) and a spring ( 5 ) and reduces a volume of a refrigerant and increases the pressure and the temperature of the same with both linear and partial rotational movement of the movable Y-shaped element ( 1 ) by means of the eccentric shaft ( 6 ), a Y-shaped body ( 2 ) that forms a volume of the movable Y-shaped element ( 1 ) and delivers the refrigerant to a refrigerant discharge chamber ( 11 ), a Y-shaped lower body ( 2 ) that forms a volume of the movable Y-shaped element ( 1 ) and delivers the refrigerant through a refrigerant distribution duct ( 10 ) to the chamber divided into 3 parts by the
  • the movable Y-shaped element ( 1 ) having the shape of a three-surfaced geometrical piece divides the Y-shaped body ( 2 ) with the movable Y-shaped flaps ( 7 ) and the spring ( 5 ) into three chambers and the eccentric shaft ( 6 ) creates the both linear and partial rotational movement of the parts of the movable Y-shaped element ( 1 ), the spring ( 5 ) and the movable Y-shaped flaps ( 7 ) as a result of its rotational movement.
  • the fluid introduced from the compressor ( 17 ) through the refrigerant inlet port ( 8 ) is collected inside the refrigerant distribution duct ( 10 ).
  • the refrigerant collected passes through the suction ports ( 15 ) perforated on the sides of the Y-shaped body ( 2 ).
  • the refrigerant collected inside the suction ports ( 15 ) fills each chamber when the leaf valves ( 3 ) are opened respectively that have been provided in the chambers divided into three parts due to the pressure difference occurring when the compressor switches to the suction process, and these valves are located in front of the suction port.
  • the suction port ( 15 ) can be provided on the side, at the bottom or on the top of the Y-shaped body ( 2 ). The location of the suction port ( 15 ) is determined based on the flow within the chamber.
  • the parts of the movable Y-shaped element ( 1 ), the spring ( 5 ) and the movable Y-shaped flaps ( 7 ) of the chambers into which the refrigerant fills into, which move in the body reduce the volume of the refrigerant while increasing the pressure and temperature of the refrigerant by creating both linear and partial rotational movement.
  • the steel valve ( 4 ) receives the refrigerant through the discharge port ( 16 ) after opening its flaps and then directs the refrigerant into the discharge chamber ( 11 ).
  • the refrigerant that fills into the discharge chamber proceeds to the compressor ( 17 ) passing through the refrigerant outlet port ( 9 ). Accordingly, with reference to FIG.
  • the system carries out three suction processes in addition to three discharge processes in total at every full cycle in such a circulating manner.
  • the compressor ( 17 ) is capable of delivering the same amount of refrigerant to the system with lower speed relative to revolutions per minute, through a chamber that has larger suction openings, less mechanical strength and larger dimensions relative to compressors known in the prior art.
  • the compressor ( 17 ) according to the present invention several advantages can be acquired, including higher efficiency, lower energy consumption, higher performance, and longer operating life with lower noise levels.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Compressor (AREA)
  • Applications Or Details Of Rotary Compressors (AREA)
  • Compression-Type Refrigeration Machines With Reversible Cycles (AREA)
  • Structures Of Non-Positive Displacement Pumps (AREA)

Abstract

A zoro compressor comprises a movable Y-shaped element, a compressor, three chambers, a plurality of movable Y-shaped flaps, a refrigerant, a spring, a refrigerant discharge chamber, a refrigerant distribution duct, a discharge port, a suction port and a leaf valve.

Description

    CROSS REFERENCES TO THE RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • This application is the national phase entry of International Application No. PCT/TR2018/050408, filed on Jul. 31, 2018, which is based upon and claims priority to Turkish Patent Application No. 2017/11351, filed on Aug. 2, 2017, the entire contents of which are incorporated herein by reference.
  • TECHNICAL FIELD
  • The present invention is related to a compressor that is used for processes of compressing gas and liquid fluids in heating, cooling and air conditioning industries and for control and operating systems of related mechanisms as well, which has higher efficiency, lower energy consumption, and longer operating life and provides high performance with low noise levels.
  • BACKGROUND
  • Today motors which are used in heating, cooling and air conditioning industries and for compressing air or other gasses to higher pressures than atmospheric pressures are known as compressors. Compressors are used in a pneumatic operating system in order to supply air support in the environments where pressurized air is needed. These devices are used to enable us to use pressurized air by means of compression, and to obtain partial vacuum at a certain rate or to reduce pressure below atmospheric pressure.
  • There are three types of compressors commonly used in the prior art. Said compressors are scroll type compressors, rotary compressors and reciprocating or piston compressors. In operating principle of all three types of compressors, the shaft rotates after it is driven by the electric motor, and after the gas fluid (R410, Freon, NH3 etc.) is received from the suction valve the shaft compresses the fluid transmits said fluid to the system from the discharge valve; and the system pumps fluid that has increased pressure and temperatures to the condenser and to the system. By means of this pressure difference created, evaporation at a low pressure occurs in the evaporator while condensation at high pressures occurs in the condenser. All three types of compressors, receive the refrigerant in a full cycle from the suction valve and submit the refrigerant after it is compressed from the discharge valve to the system. Thus, this allows any fluids with high flow rates to be sent to the system at the desired high speed. As the rotation speed is high, while the suction process is carried out initially at 180° degrees the discharge process is carried out finally at 180° degrees, and therefore the suction chambers of the compressors fill up in a shorter period of time. In this case, the efficiency of the compressors is reduced. The scroll type compressor, rotary compressor and piston compressor, which are being used currently, operate quite loudly as their rotation speed is high. This situation affects the comfort of the user and it is disturbing. The high speed of said compressors result in significant vibration of the devices and it also reduces the operating life of the compressors while at the same time it increases breakdown rates.
  • The aforementioned drawbacks are not preferable for producing companies and a novel embodiment for a compressor due to heavy costs caused by certain reasons such as breakdowns and so on is required.
  • SUMMARY
  • The present invention relates to a novel compressor, in order to eliminate the above mentioned disadvantages and to provide novel advantages to the related technical field.
  • Another aim of the invention is to provide a compressor that also has higher efficiency, lower energy consumption, longer operating life and provides high performance with low noise levels, in comparison to the types of compressors such as the scroll type compressor, rotary compressor and piston compressor used in the prior art.
  • The present invention relates to a high efficiency compressor with the aim of achieving all the objects that have been mentioned above and wherein the compressor is more explicit by means of the detailed description below. The present invention comprises a movable Y-shaped element that reduces a volume of the refrigerant while increasing the pressure and a temperature of the same due to the both linear and partial rotational movement of the refrigerant wherein the movable Y-shaped flaps divides the compressor into 3 chambers and a Y-shaped body that forms a volume of the Y-shaped element transmits the refrigerant to a refrigerant discharge chamber, wherein it also forms a volume of the movable Y-shaped element and transmits the refrigerant through a refrigerant distribution duct to 3 chambers divided by the movable Y-shaped element, a suction port and a discharge port, a refrigerant discharge chamber wherein the fluid with higher pressure and temperature that is introduced from the discharge port is collected, and wherein this fluid is transmitted to the compressor, and a leaf valve that allows the fluid collected in the refrigerant distribution duct to enter the refrigerant chamber during a suction process while blocking the fluid from entering the refrigerant distribution duct during a discharge process.
  • In a preferable embodiment of the invention, the Y-shaped body is configured so as to have a suction port under or on one side.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The accompanying drawings presented for a better understanding of the invention are described as follows.
  • FIG. 1—shows a side perspective view of the compressor.
  • FIG. 2—shows a top perspective view of the compressor.
  • FIG. 3—shows an isometric, shadowed-edge view of the compressor.
  • FIG. 4—shows a side perspective, shadowed-edge view of the compressor.
  • The components/elements/parts that are shown in the accompanying drawings presented to explicitly illustrate the compressor developed according to the present invention are referenced with individual numbers and the definitions of these numbers are listed as follows.
  • 1. Movable Y-shaped element
  • 2. Y-shaped body
  • 3. Leaf valve
  • 4. Steel valve
  • 5. Spring
  • 6. Cam shaft
  • 7. Movable Y-shaped flaps
  • 8. Refrigerant inlet port
  • 9. Refrigerant outlet port
  • 10. Refrigerant distribution duct
  • 11. Refrigerant discharge chamber
  • 12. Electric motor rotor
  • 13. Electric motor
  • 14. Compressor legs
  • 15. Suction ports
  • 16. Discharge ports
  • 17. Compressor
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS
  • The novelty subject to the present invention will be more apparent from the following detailed description, given by way of illustration, with nonlimiting examples, only for a better understanding of the invention. Accordingly, structural components forming a compressor (17) are described, which is used for processes of compressing gas and liquid fluids in heating, cooling and air conditioning industries, and which provides higher efficiency, lower energy consumption, longer operating life and high performance with low noise levels, in comparison to the compressors of the prior art.
  • The compressor (17) provides new generation technology having high efficiency with low energy consumption. As to the components within said compressor; a movable Y-shaped element (1) compresses the fluid that has filled into the chambers by means of a motion it receives from an eccentric shaft (6). A Y-shaped body forms a chamber that allows the fluid to remain between the movable Y-shaped element (1) and the movable Y-shaped flaps (7). The leaf valve (3) acts as the suction valve. The leaf valve (3) fills the fluid that it receives through a refrigerant duct (10) into chambers respectively divided into three parts when the system switches to the suction process while blocking the fluids filling into the chambers respectively from returning to the refrigerant duct (10) when the system switches to the discharge process. The spring (5) forms a sealing between the chambers creating a tension between the movable Y-shaped flaps (7) with the movable Y-shaped element (1) and the Y-shaped body (2). The eccentric shaft (6) rotates all chambers to 120 degrees by means of the eccentricity created by the movable Y-shaped element (1), the spring (5) and the movable Y-shaped flaps (7), and also creates a linear movement, so that the desired decrease and an increase in volume can be achieved. The chambers are divided into three parts by remaining in between the movable Y-shaped flaps (7), the movable Y-shaped element (1) and the Y-shaped body (2). The refrigerant inlet port (8) delivers the refrigerant to the refrigerant distribution duct (10). The refrigerant outlet port (9) delivers the fluid with high pressure and temperature that has filled into the refrigerant discharge chamber (11) to the system. The refrigerant distribution duct (10) is a duct configured such as to be formed around the Y-shaped body (2), and acts to deliver the refrigerant through the leaf valves (3) by means of ports perforated on the sides of the chambers divided into three parts during the suction process. The refrigerant discharge chamber (11) functions to collect the refrigerant fluid that passes a steel valve (4) where the fluid has been compressed inside the chambers that are divided into three parts. An electric motor rotor (12) enables the eccentric shaft (6) to rotate. The electric motor (13) enables the mechanism configured such as to be actuated by means of rotating the electric motor rotor (12). The compressor legs (14) are used to fix the compressor (17) on the ground at a determined position. Suction ports (15) are formed of three ports, and they transmit the fluid introduced from the refrigerant distribution duct (10) to the chambers divided into three parts via the leaf valve (3). The discharge ports (16) deliver the refrigerant contained in the chambers through the steel valve (4) to the refrigerant discharge chamber (11) once the volume of the refrigerant is reduced.
  • With reference to FIGS. 1, 2, 3 and 4, overall views of the compressor (17) have been depicted. Said compressor is characterized in that it comprises a movable Y-shaped element (1) that divides the compressor (17) into 3 chambers by means of movable Y-shaped flaps (7) and a spring (5) and reduces a volume of a refrigerant and increases the pressure and the temperature of the same with both linear and partial rotational movement of the movable Y-shaped element (1) by means of the eccentric shaft (6), a Y-shaped body (2) that forms a volume of the movable Y-shaped element (1) and delivers the refrigerant to a refrigerant discharge chamber (11), a Y-shaped lower body (2) that forms a volume of the movable Y-shaped element (1) and delivers the refrigerant through a refrigerant distribution duct (10) to the chamber divided into 3 parts by the movable Y-shaped element (1), a steel valve (4) that transmits the refrigerant to the refrigerant discharge chamber (11); whereby the chamber opens its flaps once the refrigerant reaches to a desired temperature, a spring (5) that is configured such as to be formed around 3 chambers which creates a tensile force between the movable Y-shaped flaps (7) placed inside channels of the movable Y-shaped element (1) and a Y-shaped body (2); an eccentric shaft (6) that enables the movable Y-shaped element (1) to make a both linear and partial rotational movement through a rotational movement it receives from an electric motor rotor, the movable Y-shaped flaps (7) that are placed inside the channels opened on the movable Y-shaped element (1) and which help in forming 3 chambers between the body by means of the tensioning of the springs (5) therein, a refrigerant inlet port (8) that guides the refrigerant introduced from the compressor (17) to the distribution duct (10), a refrigerant outlet port (9) that receives the refrigerant with higher pressure and temperature from the refrigerant discharge chamber (11) and directs the same to the compressor (17), the refrigerant distribution duct (10) in which the fluid introduced from the compressor (17) in addition to a suction port (15) is collected, the refrigerant discharge chamber (11) in which the fluid with the higher pressure and temperature introduced from a discharge port (16) is collected and delivered to the compressor (17), an electric motor rotor (12) that transmits the rotational movement it receives from an electric motor (13) to the eccentric shaft (6), the electric motor (13) that allows the compressor (17) to be actuated, compressor legs (14) that enable the compressor (17) to be secured at a desired position, the suction port (15), and the discharge port (16).
  • Operating process of the compressor (17) is carried out as described below. In the compressor (17) the electric motor (13) transmits rotational movement to the electric motor rotor (12). The electric motor rotor (12) transmits this rotational movement to the eccentric shaft (6). The movable Y-shaped element (1) having the shape of a three-surfaced geometrical piece divides the Y-shaped body (2) with the movable Y-shaped flaps (7) and the spring (5) into three chambers and the eccentric shaft (6) creates the both linear and partial rotational movement of the parts of the movable Y-shaped element (1), the spring (5) and the movable Y-shaped flaps (7) as a result of its rotational movement. As a result of this movement, the fluid introduced from the compressor (17) through the refrigerant inlet port (8) is collected inside the refrigerant distribution duct (10). The refrigerant collected passes through the suction ports (15) perforated on the sides of the Y-shaped body (2). The refrigerant collected inside the suction ports (15) fills each chamber when the leaf valves (3) are opened respectively that have been provided in the chambers divided into three parts due to the pressure difference occurring when the compressor switches to the suction process, and these valves are located in front of the suction port. The suction port (15) can be provided on the side, at the bottom or on the top of the Y-shaped body (2). The location of the suction port (15) is determined based on the flow within the chamber. The parts of the movable Y-shaped element (1), the spring (5) and the movable Y-shaped flaps (7) of the chambers into which the refrigerant fills into, which move in the body reduce the volume of the refrigerant while increasing the pressure and temperature of the refrigerant by creating both linear and partial rotational movement. Once the refrigerant reaches the desired pressure, the steel valve (4) receives the refrigerant through the discharge port (16) after opening its flaps and then directs the refrigerant into the discharge chamber (11). The refrigerant that fills into the discharge chamber proceeds to the compressor (17) passing through the refrigerant outlet port (9). Accordingly, with reference to FIG. 1, the system carries out three suction processes in addition to three discharge processes in total at every full cycle in such a circulating manner. When considering this case, the compressor (17) is capable of delivering the same amount of refrigerant to the system with lower speed relative to revolutions per minute, through a chamber that has larger suction openings, less mechanical strength and larger dimensions relative to compressors known in the prior art. Thus, by means of the compressor (17) according to the present invention, several advantages can be acquired, including higher efficiency, lower energy consumption, higher performance, and longer operating life with lower noise levels.

Claims (12)

What is claimed is:
1. A zoro compressor comprises a movable Y-shaped element, wherein the movable Y-shaped element divides the zoro compressor into three chambers by a plurality of movable Y-shaped flaps and a spring and the movable Y-shaped element reduces a volume of a refrigerant and the movable Y-shaped element increases a pressure and a temperature of the refrigerant due to both a linear and a partial rotational movement of the refrigerant, a Y-shaped body, wherein the Y-shaped body forms a volume of the movable Y-shaped element combining with the Y-shaped body forms a volume of the Y-shaped body and the Y-shaped body delivers the refrigerant to a refrigerant discharge chamber, and delivers the refrigerant to the three chambers divided by the movable Y-shaped element through a refrigerant distribution duct, and a refrigerant discharge chamber, in the refrigerant discharge chamber a fluid with high pressure and high temperature introduced from a discharge port is collected into and is delivered to the zoro compressor, a suction port and the discharge port, and a leaf valve, wherein the leaf valve allows the fluid collected inside the refrigerant distribution duct to enter into the refrigerant discharge chamber during a suction process while blocking the fluid from entering into the refrigerant distribution duct during a discharge process.
2. The zoro compressor according to claim 1, further comprises a steel valve, wherein the steel valve transmits the refrigerant to the refrigerant discharge chamber by opening a plurality of flaps of the steel valve once the refrigerant reaches a desired temperature.
3. The zoro compressor according to claim 1, further comprises the spring, wherein the spring is configured to form the three chambers by creating a tensional force between the plurality of movable Y-shaped flaps, wherein the plurality of Y-shaped flaps are placed inside a plurality of channels of the movable Y-shaped element and the Y-shaped body.
4. The zoro compressor according to claim 1, further comprises an eccentric shaft, wherein the eccentric shaft enables the movable Y-shaped element to carry out both the linear and the partial rotational movement by a rotational movement the eccentric shaft receives from an electric motor rotor.
5. The zoro compressor according to claim 1, further comprises the plurality of movable Y-shaped flaps, wherein the plurality of movable Y-shaped flaps are placed inside the plurality of channels opened on the movable Y-shaped element, wherein the plurality of channels opened on the movable Y-shaped element aid in forming the three chambers between the Y-shaped body by a tensioning of the spring therein.
6. The zoro compressor according to claim 1, further comprises a refrigerant inlet port, wherein the refrigerant inlet port guides the refrigerant introduced from the zoro compressor into the distribution duct.
7. The zoro compressor according to claim 1, further comprises a refrigerant outlet port, wherein the refrigerant port receives the refrigerant with higher pressure and higher temperature from the refrigerant discharge chamber and directs the refrigerant into the zoro compressor.
8. The zoro compressor according to claim 1, further comprises a refrigerant distribution duct wherein the fluid introduced from the zoro compressor in addition to the suction port is collected into the refrigerant distribution duct.
9. The zoro compressor according to claim 1, further comprises an electric motor rotor, wherein the electric motor rotor transmits a rotational movement the electric motor rotor receives from an electric motor to an eccentric shaft.
10. The zoro compressor according to claim 1, further comprises an electric motor, wherein the electric motor allows the zoro compressor to be actuated.
11. The zoro compressor according to claim 1, further comprises a plurality of compressor legs, wherein the plurality of compressor legs enable the zoro compressor to be secured at a desired position.
12. The zoro compressor according to claim 1, further comprises the suction port, wherein the suction port is provided either on a lower side or on a side or on an upper portion of the Y-shaped body.
US16/634,187 2017-08-02 2018-07-31 Zoro compressor Abandoned US20200173442A1 (en)

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
TR2017/11351 2017-08-02
TR2017/11351A TR201711351A2 (en) 2017-08-02 2017-08-02 ZORO COMPRESSOR
PCT/TR2018/050408 WO2019147202A2 (en) 2017-08-02 2018-07-31 Zoro compressor

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US20200173442A1 true US20200173442A1 (en) 2020-06-04

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TR (1) TR201711351A2 (en)
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Citations (2)

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US6520754B2 (en) * 2001-01-22 2003-02-18 Randell Technologies Inc. Compressor unit for refrigeration
US20170097002A1 (en) * 2014-07-01 2017-04-06 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Fluid compressor

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DE2531491A1 (en) * 1975-07-15 1977-02-03 Bosch Gmbh Robert WING CELL MACHINE
DE2909228C2 (en) * 1979-03-09 1986-10-30 Fickelscher, Kurt G., Dipl.-Ing., 6710 Frankenthal Rotary piston machine
JPS58137891A (en) * 1982-02-12 1983-08-16 株式会社日立製作所 Tester for inversion display

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6520754B2 (en) * 2001-01-22 2003-02-18 Randell Technologies Inc. Compressor unit for refrigeration
US20170097002A1 (en) * 2014-07-01 2017-04-06 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Fluid compressor

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TR201711351A2 (en) 2019-02-21
WO2019147202A2 (en) 2019-08-01

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