US2018722A - Shingle - Google Patents

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Publication number
US2018722A
US2018722A US522960A US52296031A US2018722A US 2018722 A US2018722 A US 2018722A US 522960 A US522960 A US 522960A US 52296031 A US52296031 A US 52296031A US 2018722 A US2018722 A US 2018722A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
shingle
shingles
flap
roof
edge
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US522960A
Inventor
Don B Humphrey
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
United States Gypsum Co
Original Assignee
United States Gypsum Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by United States Gypsum Co filed Critical United States Gypsum Co
Priority to US522960A priority Critical patent/US2018722A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2018722A publication Critical patent/US2018722A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D1/00Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates, shingles, or other small roofing elements
    • E04D1/29Means for connecting or fastening adjacent roofing elements
    • E04D1/2907Means for connecting or fastening adjacent roofing elements by interfitted sections
    • E04D1/2914Means for connecting or fastening adjacent roofing elements by interfitted sections having fastening means or anchors at juncture of adjacent roofing elements
    • E04D1/2916Means for connecting or fastening adjacent roofing elements by interfitted sections having fastening means or anchors at juncture of adjacent roofing elements the fastening means taking hold directly on adjacent elements of the same row
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D1/00Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates, shingles, or other small roofing elements
    • E04D1/12Roofing elements shaped as plain tiles or shingles, i.e. with flat outer surface
    • E04D1/22Roofing elements shaped as plain tiles or shingles, i.e. with flat outer surface of specified materials not covered by any one of groups E04D1/14 - E04D1/205, or of combinations of materials, where at least one is not covered by any one of groups E04D1/14 - E04D1/205
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D1/00Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates, shingles, or other small roofing elements
    • E04D1/29Means for connecting or fastening adjacent roofing elements
    • E04D1/2907Means for connecting or fastening adjacent roofing elements by interfitted sections
    • E04D1/2928Means for connecting or fastening adjacent roofing elements by interfitted sections having slits receiving marginal edge of adjacent section
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D1/00Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates, shingles, or other small roofing elements
    • E04D1/29Means for connecting or fastening adjacent roofing elements

Description

0ct229, 1935. D. B. HUMPHFIQEY SHINGLE Original Filed March 16, 1931 llllllllil IN VEN TOR. 170/2 15. flzzzzzfifirey ATTORNEY.
Patented Oct. 29, 1935 UNITED STATES SHINGLE' Don B. Humphrey, Chicago,
111., assignor, by
mesne assignments, to United States Gypsum Company, Chicago, 111., a corporation of Illinois Application March 16, 1931, Serial No. 522.960 Renewed March 26, 1935 1 Claim.
. The invention relates to shingles, and particularly-to interlocking composition shingles, and has for its object to provide shingles of this character adapted to have an interlocking side' lap -5 with adjacent shingles whereby the nails holding the lower ends .completely protected against water being laterally driven in contact therewith.
A further object is to provide a shingle of this character having an absolute interlock with its adjacent shingles on a roof whereby movement of one shingle relative to the other is effectively prevented under all conditions.
A further object is to provide a shingle of this is character adapted to interlock with its adjacent shingles whereby the use of nails in laying a roof is reduced to a minimum, the interlock between the shingles holding the lower edges thereof securely to the roof.
With the above and other objects in view, the invention resides in .the combination and arrangement of parts as hereinafter set forth, shown in the drawing, described, and claimed, it being understood that changes in the precise embodiment of the invention may bemade within the scope of what is claimed without departing from the spirit of the invention.
In the drawing: 1
Figure 1 is a plan view of a roof formed of these shingles.
Figure 2 is a fragmentary perspective view of two interlocked shingles bent to expose the under a side of the lower interlocked ends thereof.
Figure 3 is a plan view of the shingle.
Figure 4 is a plan view of a modified form of. the shingle.
. Figure 5 is a fragmentary perspective view similar to Figure 2 illustrating the interlock between shingles of the modified form shown in Figure 4.
Referring to the drawing, which illustrates the preferred embodiment of the invention, the numetal 9 designates a shingle of substantially square outline and of the composition type. At the left side of the shingle, at a point spaced from the lower edge thereof, is formed a cut 2 which may comprise a slit or a narrow cut and which I extends inwardly of the side of the shingle at an angle of approximately 45 degrees toward the lower edge thereof and terminates in spaced relation to the lower edge. At the lower end of the hingle is formed a cut 3 similar to cut 2 which nds inwardly of the shingle at an angle of :pproximately 45 degrees inthe direction of the ht edge of the shingle and terminates in spaced tion to said right edge. The inner ends of of said shingles to place are the cuts 2 and 3 extend in approximately the same horizontal plane of the shingle and are preferably equally spaced from the adjacent side edges of the shingle. Substantially triangular shaped flaps 4 and 5 are thus formed respectively n by the cuts 2 and 3 at the opposite sides of the lower end of the shingle. A nail hole 6 is formed substantially centrally of the flap 5.
The shingles are laid on a roof in courses, having the desired head lap I, and the adjacent shinles in each course are given aside lap 8 in the following manner: The flap 5 is nailed to the roof through the nail hole 6 to hold the lower right side of the shingle fixed to the roof. The shingle to the right is then disposed in horizontal alignment thereto and in overlapping relation to provide the side lap 8. The flap 4 of the overlapping shingle is then passed through the cut 3 of the first-laid shingle whereby it underlays said shingle inwardly and extending upwardly of the out n 3 therein, the side lap thus provided equaling the spacing of the lower end of cut 3 from the right edge of the shingle, or twice the distance between the inner end of cut 3 from the right edge of the shingle. When so laid the cuts 2 and a 3 of the overlapping and underlying shingles, respectively, are disposed at right angles'to each other and oblique relative to the edges of the shingles whereby they serve to lock adjacent shingles against relative longitudinal and lateral so displacement and hold the lower ends of each other effectively fiat on the roof to prevent curling, loosening and the like. It will be observed that the nail which holds the flap 5 of the shingle to the roof is covered by the flap 4 of the overlapping shingle, which in turn is overlapped by F the body of the underlying shingle, and therefore no water can possibly be drivenunder the overlapping flap 4 to the nails because of this underlapping of the end ofiiap 4 which overlaps 40 the flap 5 and nail. In all previous interlocking shingles the nailed portion or flap is provided with only one overlap member whose outer edges and ends are unsecured and which will therefore be liable to curl or raise to permit water running down the roof to pass under the overlapping flap to reach the nail, which is always lower than the remainder of the shingle due to the fact that it is driven into the roof and to which lower portion the water will naturally run it it gets under the overlapping flap; and therefore in these previous shingles no adequate protection for the nail against water is provided, whereas in the instant shingle the double overlap forms an effective seal for the nails.
to form a rectangular flap ll in the center of which a nail hole I! is formed.
The modified type 01 shingle is laid in the same mannerasthepreferredtypmtheflapllbeing nailedtotheroofandtheflaplloftheadjainterlock in the preferred construction. The only difference in this modified construction is in the relative angle of the cuts l l and I! when in interlocking relation, the angle in the modified construction somewhat facilitating the laying of the shingles.
The invention having been set forth, what is claimed as new and useful is:
A roof comprising courses of' overlapping shingles. each shingle having a pair angular slits therein to form corner flaps at the opposite lower corners thereof, one slit of each shingle extending angularly downwardly. from a side edge thereof and the other slit extending angularly upwardly from the lower edge of the shingle adjacent the opposite side edge thereof, the inner edges of said slits terminating in substantlally horizontal alignment, a fastening passing through the lower-edge-cut flap of each shingle, said fastened flap being overlapped by an adjacent shingle whose unfastened flap underlies the body of the underlapping shingle inwardly of said fastened flap to form a watertight seal for said fastened flap.
non B. Hummer;
of relatively
US522960A 1931-03-16 1931-03-16 Shingle Expired - Lifetime US2018722A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US522960A US2018722A (en) 1931-03-16 1931-03-16 Shingle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US522960A US2018722A (en) 1931-03-16 1931-03-16 Shingle

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US2018722A true US2018722A (en) 1935-10-29

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US (1) US2018722A (en)

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2429456A (en) * 1944-10-25 1947-10-21 Carey Philip Mfg Co Button locked down weather surfacing elements
US8511006B2 (en) 2009-07-02 2013-08-20 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Building-integrated solar-panel roof element systems
US8782972B2 (en) 2011-07-14 2014-07-22 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Solar roofing system
US9399871B2 (en) 2014-11-21 2016-07-26 Building Materials Investment Corporation Roofing shingle system and shingles for use therein
US9399870B2 (en) 2014-11-21 2016-07-26 Building Materials Investment Corporation Roofing shingle system and shingles for use therein
USD763468S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-08-09 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
US9410323B1 (en) * 2015-03-13 2016-08-09 Building Materials Investment Corporation Roofing shingle system and shingles for use therein
USD764076S1 (en) 2015-03-13 2016-08-16 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
US9416539B2 (en) 2014-11-21 2016-08-16 Building Materials Investment Corporation Roofing shingle system and shingles for use therein
USD765274S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-08-30 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD765273S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-08-30 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD765887S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-09-06 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD765885S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-09-06 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD765888S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-09-06 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD765886S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-09-06 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD766469S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-09-13 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD766467S1 (en) 2015-03-13 2016-09-13 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD769472S1 (en) 2015-03-13 2016-10-18 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD774215S1 (en) 2014-11-21 2016-12-13 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD776303S1 (en) 2014-11-21 2017-01-10 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD827158S1 (en) 2014-11-21 2018-08-28 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD829935S1 (en) 2014-11-21 2018-10-02 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle

Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2429456A (en) * 1944-10-25 1947-10-21 Carey Philip Mfg Co Button locked down weather surfacing elements
US8511006B2 (en) 2009-07-02 2013-08-20 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Building-integrated solar-panel roof element systems
US8782972B2 (en) 2011-07-14 2014-07-22 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Solar roofing system
USD834220S1 (en) 2014-11-21 2018-11-20 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
US9399870B2 (en) 2014-11-21 2016-07-26 Building Materials Investment Corporation Roofing shingle system and shingles for use therein
USD856539S1 (en) 2014-11-21 2019-08-13 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
US9399871B2 (en) 2014-11-21 2016-07-26 Building Materials Investment Corporation Roofing shingle system and shingles for use therein
USD829935S1 (en) 2014-11-21 2018-10-02 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
US9416539B2 (en) 2014-11-21 2016-08-16 Building Materials Investment Corporation Roofing shingle system and shingles for use therein
USD827158S1 (en) 2014-11-21 2018-08-28 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD804687S1 (en) 2014-11-21 2017-12-05 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD776303S1 (en) 2014-11-21 2017-01-10 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD774215S1 (en) 2014-11-21 2016-12-13 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD856538S1 (en) 2014-11-21 2019-08-13 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD766467S1 (en) 2015-03-13 2016-09-13 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD769472S1 (en) 2015-03-13 2016-10-18 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD764076S1 (en) 2015-03-13 2016-08-16 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
US9410323B1 (en) * 2015-03-13 2016-08-09 Building Materials Investment Corporation Roofing shingle system and shingles for use therein
USD765886S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-09-06 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD766469S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-09-13 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD765885S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-09-06 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD765887S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-09-06 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD765273S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-08-30 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD765274S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-08-30 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD763468S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-08-09 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD765888S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-09-06 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle

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