US2016512A - Liquid container and method of making same - Google Patents

Liquid container and method of making same Download PDF

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Publication number
US2016512A
US2016512A US66832033D US2016512A US 2016512 A US2016512 A US 2016512A US 66832033 D US66832033 D US 66832033D US 2016512 A US2016512 A US 2016512A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
container
lining
ring
flange
shell
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Harry H Pinney
William H Klocke
Original Assignee
Harry H Pinney
William H Klocke
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Harry H Pinney, William H Klocke filed Critical Harry H Pinney
Priority to US66832033 priority Critical patent/US2016512A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2016512A publication Critical patent/US2016512A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D7/00Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of metal
    • B65D7/12Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of metal characterised by wall construction or by connections between walls
    • B65D7/22Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of metal characterised by wall construction or by connections between walls with double walls, e.g. double end walls
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D7/00Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of metal
    • B65D7/12Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of metal characterised by wall construction or by connections between walls
    • B65D7/34Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of metal characterised by wall construction or by connections between walls with permanent connections between walls
    • B65D7/38Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of metal characterised by wall construction or by connections between walls with permanent connections between walls formed by soldering, welding, or otherwise uniting opposed surfaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D7/00Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of metal
    • B65D7/42Details of metal walls
    • B65D7/44Reinforcing or strengthening parts or members
    • B65D7/46Corrugations
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S220/00Receptacles
    • Y10S220/01Beer barrels
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/20Clamps
    • Y10T292/205Ring
    • Y10T292/207Permanently deformed

Description

Oct. 8, 1935. H. H. PINNEY ET AL LIQUID CONTAINER AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME Filed April 28, 1953 2 Sheets-Sheet l W mm m m P M W w ZJfl/zkqz 77.
. ATTORNEYS Oct. 8, 1935. H. H. PINNEY ET Al. 2,016,512
LIQUID CONTAINER AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME Filed April 28-, 1935 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 211, 45x4; p I 1 9 3 f/Qrrq f7. $i2zrzey BY Uz'lifam 77/170016 w oisz.
Patented Oct. 8, 1935 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE SAME Harry H. Pinney, Cleveland Heights, Ohio, and
William H. Klocke,
Woodhav'en, N. Y.
Application April 28, 1933, Serial No. 8.320% 3 Claims. (01. 220-63) The present invention relating as indicatedto liquid containers has more particular reference to a construction and method of fabrication of a metallic vessel which is manually portable and best adapted for the handling of beverage liquids such as milk and beer during the processing of which it is necessary to subject .both the container and liquid to a heating treatment, such as a pasteurizing process.
1 It is the general object and nature of our invention, therefore, to provide such a container which shall be relatively light in weight, of durable and rugged construction, composed of a material, and particularly a metal, which is resistant 5 to corrosive chemical action and which will simultaneously possess a relatively high thermo-conductivity.
It is a further object to provide a form of construction forsuch a container, which while pos- 20 sessing the above-:named advantages and properties, will have the further attributes of economy of manufacture and simplified fabrication.
It is a still further object of the invention to provide a closure means for the container which 25 will adequately serve to seal the interior of said container and be readily removable therefrom.
It is another object to provide an auxiliary member which may be called a protecting and stacking ring which is adapted to interengage 30 over the ends of the-container and to facilitate the handling, transportation, storage, and nesting or interpacking of the containers.
To the accomplishment of the foregoing and related ends, said invention, then, consists of the 35 means hereinafter fully described and particularly pointed out in the claims, thigmnexed drawings and the following description setting forth in detail certain means and onemode of carrying out the invention, such disclosed means and 40 mode illustrating, however, but one of various ways in which the principle of th invention may be used. i v
. Insaid annexed drawings:
Fig. 1 is a sectioned elevational view illustrating 45 a container constructed according to the principles of our'invention; Fig. 2 isan enlarged fragmentary. view of a portion of the container cover retaining band 3 is asection taken substantially along the line 3+4 of Fig. 2; Fig. 4 is 50 an enlarged sectional' view of the medial portion of the wall of. the'container s o ing a. modified form of construction; 'Fig'sp' 5 and '6 are enlarged detail sectional views each-showing a step in the fabrication of the juncture between the top and r bottom walls with the side walls of the container;
7 is a view similar to Fig. 4' and showing still another modified form of construction for the side wall of the container; Fig. 8 is a sectioned elevational view illustrating an alternative form of construction for the entire container; and 5 Fig. 9 is an enlarged detail sectional view of themedial portion of the container shown in Fig. 8.
Now referring ,more particularly to the drawings, the container as illustrated in Fig. 1 consists of the cylindrical side wall portion l having 10 the reinforcing beads 2 and 3 rolled therein; andthe bottom wall 4 and the topwall 5. The top 5 of the container has an opening therein which is adapted to be closed by the cover member 6. The cover 6 may, in turn,:have a second and smaller. aperture 1 positioned therein. The customary. type "of plug or bung (not shown) may be driven into the opening I.
- The .margin of the opening in the top 5 is. surrounded by an up -turned. slightly tapered flange 8, which at its outermost edge is rolled into the beaded form 9. The cover 6 likewise, has a tapered flange III which is complementary to and adapted to engage with the flange 8 ,of the, top 5. A head II is also positioned upon the edge of the flange'lll.
v A compressible and expansible ring l2 having the inwardly directed flanges I3 is adapted to surround the flanges of the opening and cover 6 and to retain the latter in position. 3
It will be noted that the flanges l5 have their inner surfaces disposed in a slightly divergent direction. The purpose of this latter construction is to eifect a wedsing action tending to draw the beaded edges 9 and H of the flanges 8 and Ill respectively towards each other, thereby insuring a sufliciently tightly seating fit between the cover andthe container flange.
The collar or ring I2 is split at one portion of its periphery. Adjacent the split ends of the ring 40 12 are secured the outwardly projecting lugs l4 and I5 which are adapted to receive a fastening bolt I6. The lugs I4 and IS-alsocarry the downwardly projecting portions I1 and I8 which are adapted to bear against the. surface ofythe top of course, may be readily rolled, drawn and stamped to various forms and shapes which it is desired to produce.
Now referring to Figs. 5 and 6, the top and bottom members 5 and 5 respectively of the container may be secured to the side wall portion l in the following manner. The upper end of the side wall portion i is rolled into an inwardly offset portion 20 which is adapted to tightly engage with the downwardly turned flange 2! on the top 5. The bottom edge of the side wall i is likewise rolled into the inwardly offset portion 22 which is adapted to tightly engage with the upwardly extending flange 23 of the bottom wall In order to insure a thoroughly satisfactory and more integral joint, the interfltting portions 20, 2|, 22 and 23 are then welded one to the other, resulting in a substantially integral structure.
It is also contemplated that channel-shaped reinforcing rings, which are fabricated from sheet or strip stock be shrunk onto the medial portion of the side wall 5. Where it is desired, for the sake of economy or facilitating fabrication from smaller pieces, the side wall portion i of the container may be fabricated in two halves which are adapted to join each othei along the meeting line 25. In this instance, two channel-shaped reinforcing rings 24' and 25 are positioned adjacent the meeting line 26 and a bonded joint consisting of the metal 2? deposited by means of the welding process serves to join the two half portions of the container.
In Fig. 7, there is shown still another alternative manner in which the two half portions of the container may be joined one to the other. In this instance, two reversely folded crimps 28 and 29 are rolled upon the meeting lines 26' of the two half portions of the container. The crimps 28 and 29 are complementary and adapted to interflt with each other, and are then tightly rolled into adjoining relationship whereby a double seam joint is provided which joins the two halves of the container.
When it is desired to construct a container in which the proportion of stainless steel is'substantially reduced, the structure illustrated in Fig. 8 is employed. In Fig. 8, there is shown an inner lining for the container composed of stainless steel and in the form of the cylindrical side wall 30, and the bottom and top walls 3| and 32. The bottom and top walls are joined in the side walls in substantially the identical manner as heretofore described in connection with the structure shown in Figs. 1, 5 and 6. The inner lining of stainless steel may also be fabricated in' two half portions meeting along the line 33 and then welded one to the other.
An outer wall 34 of relatively inexpensive ordinary steel is then press-fitted to the inner wall 30. The outer wall also possesses reinforcing beads 2 and 3' rolled therein similar to the beads 2 and 3 shown in Fig. 1, as well as the reinforcing channel-shaped rings 24 and 25. The upper end of the outer wall 34 is joined to an outer top 35 by means of the crimped double seam joint 36. The top oute portion 35 closely contacts and overlies the inner lining 32 joined therewith around the beaded flange 9. The cover 6 and retaining ring l2 are positioned upon the top of the container in the same manner-- as the analogous structure heretofore described in connection with Fig. 1.
A bottom protecting cover 3'! is adapted to ine tcrfit and closely contact with the bottom SI of and is the inner lining. Flanges 38 extend beyond the bottom wall of the container and are secured to the end of the outer wall 34% by means of crimped double seam joints 39.
In order to facilitate the handling, transportation, and stacking of the above described containers, there has been provided an auxiliary protecting ring Ml which is adapted to interfit over the top or the bottom of the container as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 8 and in full lines in Fig. 1, respectively. A rolled bead M is placed on the outer edge of the protecting ring fill. The rolled bead 4i presents a smooth, even edge which not only reinforces the protecting ring 40, but prevents the workmen from cutting their hands when handling the container. A hand hole 42 may be provided in the side of the protecting ring 40. The hand hole 42 is made of suflicient size for the insertion of a workmans fingers. A curved piece of strip metal stock 43 may be welded to the protecting ring at a locality immediately above the hand hole 42 and functions as a convenient grip for removing the protecting ring 46 or manipulating the entire container.
The auxiliary ring 60, as will be seen, may be positioned on either the top or bottom of the container, and not only serves as a means for protecting the end walls thereof, but presents a flange which readily engages with the end of a second container and thereby greatly facilitates the stacking or packing of a plurality of such containers with respect to each other.
Other modes of applying the principle of our invention may be employed instead of the one explained, change being made as regards the means and the steps herein disclosed, provided those stated by any of the following claims or their equivalent be employed.
We therefore particularly point out and distinctly claim as our invention:
1. A liquid container fabricated from sheet metal stock comprising the combination of an inner lining of non-corrosive metal, an outer cylindrical shell press fitted to said inner lining, said outer shell. having a portion extending beyond the bottom of said inner lining, an end Wall member for said shell, said member having an outwardly projecting flange fitting against the inner side of said extending portion and the outer edges of said flange being joined to the outer ends of said shell, and the body portion of said end wall member being in contact with and supporting the bottom of said inner lining.
2. A liquid container fabricated from sheet metal stock comprising the combination of an inner lining of non-corrosive metal, an outer cylindrical shell press fitted to said inner lining, said outer shell having a portion extending beyond the bottom of said inner lining, an end wall member for said shell, said member having an outwardly projecting flange fitting against the inner side of said extending portion and the outer edges of said flange being joined to the outer ends of said shell, the body portion of said end wall member being in contact with and supporting the bottom of said inner lining, and an auxiliary ring adapted to fit over the top of said outer shell, the outer edge of said ring extending beyond the top of said container.
3. A liquid container fabricated from sheet metal stock comprising the combination of an inner lining of non-corrosive metal, an outer cylindrical shell press fitted to said inner aoiana 8% said outer shell having a portion extending being the bottom of said inner lining, an auxiliary yond the bottom of said inner lining, an end ring adapted to fit over the top of said outer wall member for said shell, said member having shell, the outer edge of said ring extending be an outwardly projecting flange fitting against the yond the top of said container, and handholds 5 inner side of said extending portion and the outer adjacent the outer edge of said ring for handling 5 edges of said flange being joined to the outer and movingsaid container. ends of said shell, the body portion of said end HARRY H. PINNEY. wall member being in contact with and support- WILLIAM H. KLOCKE.
US66832033 1933-04-28 1933-04-28 Liquid container and method of making same Expired - Lifetime US2016512A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2503339A (en) * 1946-10-18 1950-04-11 Houdaille Hershey Corp Metallic beer barrel
US5004025A (en) * 1989-09-27 1991-04-02 Robbins David L Method and apparatus for slowly dispensing a solution for unclogging drains
US5975326A (en) * 1996-10-28 1999-11-02 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Gmbh Polygonal waste container for noxious materials with a double-lid closure structure

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2503339A (en) * 1946-10-18 1950-04-11 Houdaille Hershey Corp Metallic beer barrel
US5004025A (en) * 1989-09-27 1991-04-02 Robbins David L Method and apparatus for slowly dispensing a solution for unclogging drains
US5975326A (en) * 1996-10-28 1999-11-02 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Gmbh Polygonal waste container for noxious materials with a double-lid closure structure

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