US20160341065A1 - Hydroelectric in-pipe turbine uses - Google Patents

Hydroelectric in-pipe turbine uses Download PDF

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Publication number
US20160341065A1
US20160341065A1 US15/224,698 US201615224698A US2016341065A1 US 20160341065 A1 US20160341065 A1 US 20160341065A1 US 201615224698 A US201615224698 A US 201615224698A US 2016341065 A1 US2016341065 A1 US 2016341065A1
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Prior art keywords
water
grid
electrical
electricity
demand
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Abandoned
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US15/224,698
Inventor
Daniel Farb
Joe Van Zwaren
Avner Farkash
Ken Kolman
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Leviathan Energy Hydroelectric Ltd
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Priority to US18094909P priority Critical
Priority to US22492509P priority
Priority to PCT/IB2010/052338 priority patent/WO2010136979A2/en
Priority to US201213322573A priority
Application filed by Leviathan Energy Hydroelectric Ltd filed Critical Leviathan Energy Hydroelectric Ltd
Priority to US15/224,698 priority patent/US20160341065A1/en
Publication of US20160341065A1 publication Critical patent/US20160341065A1/en
Assigned to LEVIATHAN ENERGY HYDROELECTRIC, LTD. reassignment LEVIATHAN ENERGY HYDROELECTRIC, LTD. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: FARB, DANIEL, FARKASH, AVNER, KOLMAN, KEN, VAN ZWAREN, JOE
Assigned to FARB, DANIEL reassignment FARB, DANIEL ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: LEVIATHAN ENERGY HYDROELECTRIC LTD.
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • F03B13/06Stations or aggregates of water-storage type, e.g. comprising a turbine and a pump
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01DNON-POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES OR ENGINES, e.g. STEAM TURBINES
    • F01D15/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of engines with devices driven thereby
    • F01D15/10Adaptations for driving, or combinations with, electric generators
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B1/00Engines of impulse type, i.e. turbines with jets of high-velocity liquid impinging on blades or like rotors, e.g. Pelton wheels; Parts or details peculiar thereto
    • F03B1/02Buckets; Bucket-carrying rotors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B1/00Engines of impulse type, i.e. turbines with jets of high-velocity liquid impinging on blades or like rotors, e.g. Pelton wheels; Parts or details peculiar thereto
    • F03B1/04Nozzles; Nozzle-carrying members
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B15/00Controlling
    • F03B15/02Controlling by varying liquid flow
    • F03B15/04Controlling by varying liquid flow of turbines
    • F03B15/06Regulating, i.e. acting automatically
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/10Combinations of wind motors with apparatus storing energy
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2220/00Application
    • F05B2220/20Application within closed fluid conduits, e.g. pipes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2220/00Application
    • F05B2220/30Application in turbines
    • F05B2220/32Application in turbines in water turbines
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2220/00Application
    • F05B2220/60Application making use of surplus or waste energy
    • F05B2220/602Application making use of surplus or waste energy with energy recovery turbines
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2220/00Application
    • F05B2220/70Application in combination with
    • F05B2220/706Application in combination with an electrical generator
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/50Hydropower in dwellings
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/16Mechanical energy storage, e.g. flywheels or pressurised fluids
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

Abstract

An in-pipe turbine has uses in energy storage and circulation. Specific applications are in storage systems working by elevation, smart grid systems, pressure release, and heating/cooling systems.

Description

    STATEMENT REGARDING PRIOR DISCLOSURES BY THE INVENTOR OR A JOINT INVENTOR
  • This patent application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 61/180,949, named PROVISIONAL May 2009: RENEWABLE ENERGY INVENTIONS, filed May 26, 2009 and U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 61/223,925, named Provisional July 2009 Renewable Energy Inventions, filed Jul. 13, 2009.
  • CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • Not applicable
  • STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT
  • Not applicable
  • THE NAMES OF THE PARTIES TO A JOINT RESEARCH AGREEMENT
  • Not applicable
  • INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE OF MATERIAL SUBMITTED ON A COMPACT DISC OR AS A TEXT FILE VIA THE OFFICE ELECTRONIC FILING SYSTEM (EFS-WEB)
  • Not applicable
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to ways in which an in-pipe turbine can have new uses, particularly with storage and circulation of energy. They all have a unified connection; such a turbine is an excellent means for working with water and electrical systems individually and separately. These uses will be described in the patent application.
  • Related Art
  • Not applicable.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The invention is herein described, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:
  • FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional diagram of an hourglass-like storage system.
  • FIG. 2 is a diagram of a conveyor belt-like storage system.
  • FIG. 3 is a diagram of a thermosyphon.
  • FIG. 4 is a diagram of the matching of water and electrical grids.
  • FIG. 5 is a diagram of a different cross-sectional view of an hourglass-like storage system.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to the uses and applications of an in-pipe turbine in fluid systems.
  • Definitions
  • The current patent application deals with fluids. Unless otherwise stated, it refers to any kind of fluid: water, oil, gas, etc.
  • The principles and operation of an in-pipe turbine within a fluid system according to the present invention may be better understood with reference to the drawings and the accompanying description.
  • Referring now to the drawings, FIG. 1 illustrates an hourglass-like storage system. Here is presented the system of elevating a substance, particularly a solid, for the purpose of storing energy. The ideal substance would be sand, and, in one embodiment, the structure would be like all hourglass with two storage containers (1, 2) with at least one turbine (3) in the middle. Two in-pipe turbines could be used in series for higher efficiency. In another embodiment, said turbine would have a bidirectional input and unidirectional output gear (4) attached to the generator (5) so that the generator can generate energy from both sides of the “hourglass.” At least one gating structure (6, 7) to open and close the storage containers for access to the turbine should also be present. The device, when finished discharging energy, would gradually tilt back up as the energy used for storage is produced. A track (8) or a gear (9) in conjunction with a motor would enable incremental return to full storage capacity. Incremental return is important for storing whatever spare energy is present in a system, while continuous production of energy from storage is important for the user. Box (10) represents the electronic control that would receive instructions to store and release electrical energy. The solid or sand can also be wet. Here are some density values:
  • Sand, wet 1922
    Sand, wet, packed 2082
    Sand, dry 1602
    Sand, loose 1442
    Sand, rammed 1682
    Sand, water filled 1922
    Sand with Gravel, dry 1650
    Sand with Gravel, wet 2020
  • An hourglass-type of structure is not the only solution. FIG. 2 illustrates a conveyor system to elevate the substance to the top of a high pipe (11) in such a system. At least one turbine (12) in the pipe or attached to the pipe provides electricity. The substance empties into a conveyor belt of any kind, here represented as a coal-mining cart on wheels (13), which then ascends a track (14). This is representative only. It dumps its load at the top (15) into the pipe or a collector at the top. Gates at a number of spots can regulate the production of electricity, and the conveyor belt can operate little by hole as electricity becomes available.
  • Such systems can operate on or off grid.
  • Because these systems can be made relatively small and can operate with many different substances, some of which are denser than water, they enable great flexibility for grid control. They can also be used in desert areas. Deserts are defined as areas with an average annual precipitation of less than 250 millimetres (10 in) per year
  • Water systems have a need for many gauges, meters, etc. in order to operate the system. A new use is proposed for an in-pipe turbine—the generation of power for such applications. Any type of off-grid power generation is presented. The use of battery chargers and batteries connected to the generator and the turbine in order to hold electricity in cases of intermittent flow is presented. In addition, these individual uses can be connected to a smart water grid.
  • An in-pipe turbine has a new use as a pressure reduction valve equivalent to reduce excess pressure in the piping system. Its use in conjunction with a pressure valve to assure a steady input or output of pressure from the combined turbine and pressure valve system is hereby presented.
  • The method of decreasing the pressure before and after a propeller is hereby claimed, wherein a combination of at least nozzle size, nozzle shape, type (including shape, for example) of blade, and torque/rpm characteristics of the generator system are used to change the pressure precisely from entry to exit.
  • A new use for the city, utility, etc. sewage or fresh water system can be to hold energy within the system and release the fluids for energy during peak hours or other times of need. A series of in-pipe turbines connected to the electrical grid and the water grid through a microprocessor that also receives data derived from water and electrical sensors enables the interaction of two grids for the purpose of storing excess energy and providing it on demand. Currently, many utilities pump water up at night or at other non-peak times, but the new business method is the release of electricity during peak hours from within the water system, not merely an external storage facility. Use in the water system is defined as use in a location where the water is in conduit to perform the system's customary work of providing water to customers or treating it.
  • Computerized matching of supply and demand for water in the water system and/or electricity in the electrical system is a new use presented here.
  • The placement of a turbine in the condensation stage of a thermosyphon, as shown in FIG. 3, or any heating and cooling system, is hereby presented. This could provide a continuous supply of renewable energy from heat exchange. The earth (16) is relatively warm in cold climates at all times, and relatively cool in hot climates by day and warm at night. The level of the turbine (17 a) is in one embodiment placed above the level of the fluid (18) which is at the bottom, so that the condensation above it (19) can move downwards (17) through it more easily. The situation can be artificially created, as by placing the system in sand. In the desert, at night, the air cools faster. It should be constructed so that the water in the cooler air condenses over the turbine and drips through it. That may involve selectively insulating the area where the evaporation to gas occurs, and decreasing the insulation (or increasing the circulation of cold air) over where the condensation area occurs.
  • Heating and cooling systems have a continuous flow of fluid, and the turbine can be placed in the downward conduit.
  • FIG. 4 is diagram of the matching of water and electrical grids. It shows how the components of a smart electrical and smart water system are connected. (Note: In the industry, a water grid is used synonymously and vernacularly to describe the conveyance system of pipes and other objects such as valves and tanks that are part of this system. In this usage, it is not meant to mean an electrical system.) Arrows show interactions. Double arrows show interactions in both directions. Solid lines show connections. Dotted lines show function. Non-electrical actions comprise data. A smart electrical grid (20) is connected to a microprocessor (22) and a smart water grid, or water conveyance system, (21) is attached to a microprocessor (23). These two microprocessing systems are connected to each other to trade information and commands in both directions. Element (27) indicates matching and information sharing between them. This indicates the purpose and the result of the operations. In-pipe turbines (24) are optionally connected to and part of the smart water grid (21). They also supply electricity under the control of the water grid's microprocessor via electrical connectors (25) to the smart electrical grid (20). The in-pipe turbines (24) may be corrected to battery chargers and batteries (28) for local operations und electrical storage. The smart electrical system (20) can be connected to its own storage system (26). Element (25 a) indicates that electrical connectors exist between the two mid systems. This enables the matching of element (27).
  • FIG. 5 is a diagram of an hourglass-like storage system from another perspective to makes the structure clearer. Elements (29) and (30) are the containers. Element (31) is a pipe or connector structure. The gates of FIG. 1 are now shown here so that the picture is less cluttered. A motor (32), mounted on a support structure (33), here shown as legs in one embodiment, is fixedly connected to the center of the “hourglass” with element (34), which also shows a customary use of a central shaft, but it need not be done in that manner. The whole motor system is shown in dotted lines to show them clearly as an accompaniment to the motor. The power generation mechanism is shown more clearly in this perspective. The turbine (35) in the pipe is connected via a shaft (36) as is standard in the art to a generator (38) usually via a gear (37). The generator often has its own shaft (39) connected to the gear (37). As electrical wire (40) conveys the electricity from the generator.
  • While the invention has been described with respect to a limited number of embodiments, it will be appreciated that many variations, modifications and other applications of the invention may be made.
  • BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention successfully addresses the shortcomings of the presently known configurations by providing uses for turbines in water systems and water-energy systems.
  • It is now disclosed for the first time a power storage system, comprising:
    • a. A mechanism for the elevation of particulate solids,
    • b. A mechanism for the release of said solids via a turbine to produce electricity.
  • In one embodiment, the system further comprises:
    • c. A system of incremental elevation of said solids for small input units of electricity.
  • According to another embodiment, the system is on grid.
  • According to another embodiment, the system is off grid.
  • In one embodiment, the system further comprises:
    • c. Two containers,
    • d. At least one turbine connecting them,
    • e. At least one gate between them.
  • In one embodiment, the system further comprises:
    • f. A bidirectional input and unidirectional output gear.
  • In one embodiment, the system further comprises:
    • f. A motorized system operative to change the position of the two containers.
  • In one embodiment, the system further comprises:
    • c. At least one conveyor,
    • d. A motorized system for said conveyance,
    • e. A pipe with an attached turbine.
  • It is now disclosed for the first time a system for the electronic control of substantially incremental release and storage of energy, comprising:
    • a. A microprocessor operative to receive data from and send instructions to a storage control system using particulate solids
  • It is now disclosed for the first time a use of a water system as an energy storage platform, wherein energy stored in water elevation and/or pressure in the water system is released when desired through a network of at least one hydroelectric turbine.
  • It is now disclosed for the first time a microprocessor control system, comprising a microprocessor with memory to which data flows in from both the water grid and the electrical grid simultaneously.
  • According to another embodiment, data containing control instructions also flows out to the water grid.
  • It is now disclosed for the first time a business method for the release of energy from storage in a water system during peak hours through turbines.
  • It is now disclosed for the first time a system for the delivery of water in a water system, comprising a microprocessor performing computerized matching on of supply and demand for water in the water system and/or electricity in the electrical system.
  • It is now disclosed for the first time a network-controlled system for transferring energy and/or stored energy between a water grid and an electric grid, comprising:
    • a. Electrical connectors and power lines,
    • b. Water and electrical measurement devices,
    • c. Microprocessor control devices,
    • d. Hydroelectric turbines.
  • It is now disclosed for the first time a use of an in-pipe turbine to generate electricity for water system functions.
  • It is now disclosed for the first time a pressure valve system, comprising:
    • a. A pressure valve operating by electricity,
    • b. A substantially adjacent source of electricity for said valve.
  • According to another embodiment, said source is a hydroelectric turbine.
  • In one embodiment, the system further comprises:
    • c. Battery chargers and batteries.
  • It is now disclosed for the first time a use of an in-pipe hydroelectric turbine as a pressure reduction valve equivalent.
  • According to another embodiment, the turbine blade system is one of cups.
  • According to another embodiment, the turbine blade system is one of propellers.
  • It is now disclosed for the first time a pressure control system in a pipe, comprising:
    • a. An in-pipe turbine,
    • b. A pressure regulation valve directly proximate to said turbine.
  • It is now disclosed for the first time a thermosyphon, comprising:
    • a. A turbine in the conduit of the condensation phase.
  • In one embodiment, the system further comprises:
    • b. Insulation over the area of evaporation.
  • It is now disclosed for the first time a heating or cooling system, comprising:
    • a. An in-pipe turbine in the downward conduit.

Claims (7)

What is claimed is:
1. A system for storing excess energy, comprising:
at least one electricity producing in-pipe turbine, in communication with at least one electrical grid through power lines, and in communication with at least one water grid; and,
at least one processor, the processor configured for matching supply and demand between water in the at least one water grid and electricity in the at least one electrical grid, and responding to received sensor data from said water and electrical grids by a subsequent matching of supply and demand for water in the water grid and/or electricity in the electrical grid and providing electricity to the electrical grid, based on imbalance of supply and demand.
2. A method for storing excess energy and providing it on demand, comprising:
providing at least one in-pipe turbine, in communication with the electrical grid and the water grid, releasing energy stored in pressure and/or elevation in the water grid, and a processor that receives data derived from water and electrical sensors, said data flowing into the microprocessor from both the water grid and electric grid simultaneously, said microprocessor in communication with the two grids;
receiving sensor data from said water and electrical grids, and,
responding to the received data by a subsequent matching of supply and demand for water in the water grid and/or electricity in the electrical grid and providing electricity to the electrical grid, based on imbalance of supply and demand.
3. The method of claim 2, wherein the excess stored energy of the system is released during peak hours.
4. The method of claim 2, wherein the excess energy of the system is stored within the water system.
5. The method of claim 2, wherein the water grid is associated with a water source comprising: a utility or sewage system.
6. A method of decreasing pressure in a water system, comprising: Providing an in-pipe turbine system, including a generator system, nozzle, and blades, configuring the in-pipe turbine system to reduce excess pressure to a predetermined amount.
7. The method of claim 6, wherein regulation of the in-pipe turbine is based on at least one of: nozzle size, nozzle shape, shape of blade, torque characteristics of the generator system, and revolutions per minute characteristics of the generator system, and said regulation contributes to determining the pressure drop of the excess pressure to a predetermined amount.
US15/224,698 2009-05-26 2016-08-01 Hydroelectric in-pipe turbine uses Abandoned US20160341065A1 (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US18094909P true 2009-05-26 2009-05-26
US22492509P true 2009-07-13 2009-07-13
PCT/IB2010/052338 WO2010136979A2 (en) 2009-05-26 2010-05-26 Hydroelectric in-pipe turbine uses
US201213322573A true 2012-03-15 2012-03-15
US15/224,698 US20160341065A1 (en) 2009-05-26 2016-08-01 Hydroelectric in-pipe turbine uses

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US15/224,698 US20160341065A1 (en) 2009-05-26 2016-08-01 Hydroelectric in-pipe turbine uses

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PCT/IB2010/052338 Continuation WO2010136979A2 (en) 2009-05-26 2010-05-26 Hydroelectric in-pipe turbine uses
US13/322,573 Continuation US9523344B2 (en) 2009-05-26 2010-05-26 Hydroelectric in-pipe turbine uses

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EP (1) EP2435666A2 (en)
JP (1) JP2012528274A (en)
CN (1) CN102449269A (en)
WO (1) WO2010136979A2 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20190048846A1 (en) * 2017-08-10 2019-02-14 GT Hydrokinetic, LLC Hydrokinetic Turbine Having Helical Tanks
GB2575615A (en) * 2017-04-04 2020-01-22 Eva Lind Susie Rollerball a machine and system of pumped storage

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