US20150377573A1 - Simple and Special Telescoping Magazine Ammunition Loader and Unloader - Google Patents

Simple and Special Telescoping Magazine Ammunition Loader and Unloader Download PDF

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US20150377573A1
US20150377573A1 US14/847,035 US201514847035A US2015377573A1 US 20150377573 A1 US20150377573 A1 US 20150377573A1 US 201514847035 A US201514847035 A US 201514847035A US 2015377573 A1 US2015377573 A1 US 2015377573A1
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magazine
ammunition
loader
plunger
cartridge
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US14/847,035
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Jeffery N. Niccum
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Jeffery N. Niccum
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Priority to US14/248,022 priority patent/US20140298704A1/en
Application filed by Jeffery N. Niccum filed Critical Jeffery N. Niccum
Priority to US14/847,035 priority patent/US20150377573A1/en
Publication of US20150377573A1 publication Critical patent/US20150377573A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A9/00Feeding or loading of ammunition; Magazines; Guiding means for the extracting of cartridges
    • F41A9/82Reloading or unloading of magazines
    • F41A9/83Apparatus or tools for reloading magazines with unbelted ammunition, e.g. cartridge clips

Abstract

A simplified magazine ammunition loader/unloader for weapons loading and reserve ammunition storage. The apparatus provides for the rapid loading of ammunition into a magazine used for holding a number of rounds of ammunition. It is comprised of a loader body) with an ammunition magazine engagement configurations; a plunger block; a plunger handle placed interior to the inside void of the loader body; and a means to removably secure the plunger handle to the plunger block wherein the loader may retain at least one cartridge which may be forced into a magazine through the receiving section so an operator can quickly and efficiently reload the cartridge into the receiving magazine.

Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • This application is a Continuation-in-Part [C.I.P.] filed under 37 CFR 1.53(b) and claims the benefit of the original, non-provisional (Regular Utility) U.S. patent application Ser. No. 14/248,022 submitted Apr. 8, 2014 and Published Oct. 9, 2014 as US-2014-0298704-A 1. The original application was still active on the date of the submission of this C.I.P. The original application and publication are entitled a “Special Telescoping Magazine Ammunition Loader and Unloader” and was submitted by Jeffery N. Niccum. The original application is incorporated fully by reference as if it were reproduced here, verbatim. This application also claims the benefit of Provisional Patent Application Ser. No. 61/809,630 filed Apr. 8, 2013 by Jeffery N Niccum and entitled “Special Telescoping Magazine Ammunition Loader”.
  • FIELD OF INVENTION
  • This invention is a special telescoping magazine ammunition loader for weapons loading and reserve ammunition storage. The present invention relates in general to a device or apparatus for loading ammunition into a magazine. More particularly, the invention is concerned with a device or apparatus which provides for the rapid loading of ammunition into a magazine used for holding a number of rounds of ammunition. In addition, the present invention relates to a magazine loading system, and more particularly to a magazine loader mechanism which can quickly and easily load the ammunition into a magazine. Therefore, the creation relates to firearm magazine loaders, particularly to a loader and method for loading both rounds held by stripper clips or loose rounds. Firearms, including short weapons, assault rifles, and submachine guns, utilize and fire rounds (also known as cartridges and ammunition).
  • Moreover, this invention relates to a cartridge loader and a cartridge unloader, more particularly, to a device for reloading cartridges into the magazine or clip of such a firearm. This may also be called a clip loading tool and/or cartridge loading device since it relates to a device for loading cartridges into a clip of a firearm.
  • FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH
  • None.
  • SEQUENCE LISTING OR PROGRAM
  • None.
  • BACKGROUND Field of Invention and Prior Art
  • As far as known, there is no special telescoping magazine ammunition loader or the like. It is believed that this product is unique in its design and technologies.
  • A. Background:
  • Ammunition magazines are the most common means of storing and delivering ammunition into firearms. Firearms, including short weapons, assault rifles, and submachine guns, utilize and fire rounds (also known as cartridges and ammunition). Each round is substantially elongated and comprises a deep cuplike case (also known as a shell case and sometimes also a cartridge), usually of brass, which is filled with an explosive propellant. Traditionally, when loading a cartridge clip or magazine for a firearm, the cartridge (e.g. ammunition) must be manually loaded one at a time through an opening on a top portion of the cartridge clip. Generally, each cartridge is pressed against a previously loaded shell and a clip spring contained in the cartridge clip is compressed. As each shell is inserted, strain on the fingers may increase which may cause the individual's hand to become tired and many individuals may not have the required strength or dexterity to manually load the cartridge clip. Other individuals may only be able to partially load a cartridge clip due to the increased strength and dexterity required to continue to load the clip as the spring continues to be compressed. Alternatively, individuals who do have the required strength or dexterity to manually load a single cartridge into a clip may not have the strength to manually load multiple cartridge clips. Furthermore, resistance of the clip spring can slow the speed at which a clip is loaded.
  • Loading magazines with loose rounds is a relatively time-consuming, tedious, and painful practice if done with bare fingers. Pain accumulates and intensifies as more rounds are loaded against the increasing spring pressure, thus slowing the loading process. When a plurality of magazines are to be loaded, much time is required, which in turn shortens time for reposing, training, or combat time. In combat circumstances, slow reloading can be life-threatening.
  • The rounds are held within and fed into the firearm from a magazine. Detachable magazines have become dominant throughout the world. The term “magazine” is broad, encompassing several geometric variations, including curved magazines. Most detachable magazines are similar, varying in form and structure, rather than in their general principles of operation. Magazines usually take the form of an elongated container having a generally rectangular cross-section, which is attached to the underside of the firearm. Magazines are commonly made of aluminum alloys, plastic, steel, or a combination. They are usually closed on four or five sides and open on a sixth, upwardly facing, top, side or end, and are substantially hollow. The top open side has a rectangular opening and includes two round-retaining members, known as feed lips that project into or partly close the opening. An internal spring urges a follower or pusher (a shaped piece of plastic or metal) toward the open side. The follower in turn urges the rounds as a group up against the lips. The lips act as a stop for the rounds so that they are not expelled from the magazine. Within the magazine, the rounds are stacked or oriented in the magazine such that the longitudinal axes of the rounds are substantially parallel and perpendicular to the direction of travel of the spring and follower. Adjoining rounds are oriented side-by-side and in the same direction, i.e., the bullets of adjacent rounds are next to each other, as are the cases. Thus, the use of magazines is a convenient and effective method of feeding bullets, in rapid succession, into a weapon's firing chamber.
  • B. Problem Solved:
  • On the other hand, as mentioned, the reloading of bullets into the spent magazine is known to be problematic. Thus a need is sought for a mechanism or device to be used and incorporated with the magazine so that the ammunition can be quickly and easy fed in the magazine. The loading of bullets into a magazine entails the progressive compression of the magazine spring. Initial loading may be accomplished without substantial manual effort while the latter stages of loading, by reason of increased spring resistance and internal friction, present a problem. Typically the bullet being loaded into the magazine is held by its nose and the base of the bullet used to depress the previously loaded bullet. Accordingly both substantial downward and inward pressure must be exerted on the bullet being loaded as it is slid into the clip or magazine. Handling of the projectile portion of the cartridge can increase misfires and jamming. In addition to the manual dexterity required, a degree of finger strength is necessary. Still further, the unaided loading of magazines is a tedious, time consuming task which consumes costly time when accomplished at a busy firing range. More particularly, the structural design of the magazine requires each bullet to be individually loaded through the top ejection end of the magazine past the retainers and downwardly against the force of the magazine spring (typically a compression spring or equal) in order to receive the bullet within the magazine. As each bullet is loaded, in sequence, the magazine spring in the magazine becomes progressively compressed until the magazine is fully loaded with bullets. Naturally, the resistance of the magazine spring (force) against the downward force of loading the bullets into the magazine becomes greater with each successive bullet loaded into the magazine. Thus, for many years, bullets have been loaded into empty magazines of firearms by hand, using the fingers to force each bullet downwardly against the force of the compression spring and into captured arrangement within the magazine. This process is time consuming, and quite often frustrating, on cold days when a person's fingers are numb, or are enclosed in a glove or mitten.
  • C. Second Problem Solved:
  • In many instances, a magazine is kept stored with ammunition for ready use. In order to conduct maintenance, the ammunition must be removed before the magazine can be disassembled safely. A second magazine is then usually loaded to substitute availability for the first magazine. In order to unload a magazine, the cartridges are removed one at a time. The process is repeated when reloading the magazine. The unloading and reloading is slow and tedious, and most users purchase new magazines instead of conducting the necessary maintenance on the current magazine. No means exist in the art to remove the spring itself before unloading the ammunition from a magazine. Likewise, no means exist to transfer ammunition directly from one magazine into another in bulk.
  • C. Third Problem Solved:
  • In many instances, the traditional magazine loaders are complex and require many parts. Further, the said parts have difficult configurations and drafts making any plastic molding or metal forming a difficult and costly process due to expensive molds or forming equipment and due to difficult and multiple secondary assembly operations. Therefore a simple magazine loader is desired.
  • Along with no general means for quickly and easily unloading ammunition from a magazine for maintenance, there are no means for reloading ammunition placed into a storage media during maintenance and then from storage back into a magazine in bulk. [One notes that there are in fact magazine unloaders (zip strip types) but these zip strip types basically just permit one to dump the rounds onto the table where the cartridges must be picked up and loaded back onto the strip.] In the prior art, reloading ammunition stored in a storage media, such as ammunition boxes or carton racks, would require taking individual cartridges from either type of container and inserting them individually into a magazine. This is a time consuming and tedious process, but no effective manner or means exist for loading ammunition from a box or carton rack into a magazine in bulk. By using this secondary unloader mechanism with the new special telescoping magazine ammunition loader time to unload and load are both greatly reduced.
  • D. Prior Art
  • In the prior art are devices to assist loading of magazines, one such device being disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,570,371 wherein a base is clamped to the upper end of the magazine where after a lever of the device rocks into engagement with and is used to depress the previously loaded bullet. Another device disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,464,855 has a bullet engaging plate and an elongate base movable along the forward edge of the magazine. A spring biased pin engages an opening in the magazine front wall to hold the device against the action of the magazine spring. Such a device requires considerable effort to use with repeated engagement and disengagement from the magazine. Still other clip loading devices serve to temporarily attach to the magazine with a hook component of the device holding a slidable magazine button fully depressed. As the bullets are loaded, they fall freely into the magazine with the risk of coming to rest askew in the magazine. Examples of these devices are found in U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,464,855; 4,488,371 and 2,514,277.
  • In order to increase loading speed and decrease finger pain, numerous magazine loaders have been designed. However, in the market there are many different magazines for firearms. They differ in their round capacity, length, width, depth, round caliber, materials, adaptability to match magazine wells, shape of lips, and magazine locking or latching mechanism. Often, each weapon has its own unique magazine. Therefore, to accommodate the extremely wide range of magazines with all their mechanical variations, manufacturers of magazine loaders had to manufacture the following loader types: 1. loaders of different fixed sizes basically described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,993,180 to Upchurch Feb. 19, 1991. Such is a family of three different size loaders from ADCO Sales Inc., shown at www.adcosales.com, and sold under the trademark Super Thumb models ST1, ST2 and ST3. Many other similar loaders from Glock Inc., SIG Arms, Springfield Armory and others exist comprising a hollow body with a fixed projecting member or plunger for inserting, pushing, or forcing rounds into a magazine; 2. loaders with an integral user-adjustable mechanism to fit the loader to a particular magazine, such as loaders (U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,249,386 and 5,377,436 to Switzer, Oct. 5, 1993 and Jan. 3, 1995, respectively) sold under the trademark HKS. These have different overall sizes and a magazine length adjuster or fitter in each (HKS has ten different magazine loaders in the market for covering most of the magazines available); or 3. loaders with inserts or spacers to accommodate different magazine widths, such as the loader model #104 shown at www.worldwideordnance.com and sold under the trademark Cambi (U.S. Pat. No. 6,817,134 to Newman Nov. 16, 2004) having four separate insertable spacers.
  • Another U.S. Pat. No. 4,614,052 issued to Brown et al in 1986 and entitled “Firearm magazine and magazine loader” demonstrated a firearm magazines and magazine loaders for firearm cartridges include a channel-shaped container having a bottom wall of a width of more than one and less than two cartridge diameters, and side walls corresponding in height to a cartridge shell, and having an elongate open top extending between the side walls opposite and parallel to the closed bottom wall for receiving the cartridges so that each circular bottom of each cartridge is located at the closed bottom wall, so that the shell of each cartridge extends parallel to and is retained between the side walls, and so that the bullets of the cartridges are located at the open top. A lid for closure of the open top above the bullet is provided for retention of the cartridges in the channel-shaped container preparatory to a transfer of such retained cartridges through an opening out of the channel-shaped container with the aid of an actuated or biased cartridge seater. Finally, U.S. Pat. No. 7,805,874 issued to Tal et al in 2010 and entitled “Multi-round magazine loader and unloader” shows a firearm magazine loader for loading both rounds held by a stripper clip and for loading loose rounds into a magazine comprises, in one aspect, a stick-like body having a lower portion adapted to fit over and attach to an open top end of a magazine and an upper portion for receiving a loaded stripper clip or loose rounds. A tiltable and slideable slider is coupled inseparably to slots in the upper portion and slidable along it. Loading is achieved by using the slider to thrust down the top-most round in the upper portion, causing all other rounds below to be forced sequentially and quickly into the magazine. The loader also includes and unloading flange for unloading rounds from the magazine. Both the Brown and Tal are complex mechanisms and as disclosed fail to teach the simple telescoping magazine ammunition loader device by Niccum with its fewer parts and simple engagement to ammunition magazines.
  • In summary, while there have been attempts to provide a mechanism for accepting a large range of different weapon magazines in a single magazine loader, none was able to do just that, and all are quite limited in the range of magazines they accept. As far as known, there is no special telescoping magazine ammunition loader or the like.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • This invention is a special telescoping magazine ammunition loader/unloader. Taught here are the ways a telescoping ammunition loader device may be placed safely and securely on an ammunition magazine and the used to quickly force and feed ammunition cartridges to load or reload a magazine for a firearms. Systems and methods for loading and unloading a magazine are comprised herein. The preferred apparatus described herein as the continuation in part includes a simplified magazine ammunition loader configured for holding a quantity of at least one ammunition cartridge, made of durable materials, and comprised of: (a) a loader body with an ammunition magazine engagement configurations; (b) a plunger block; (c) a plunger handle placed interior to the inside void of the loader body; and
  • (d) a means to removably secure the plunger handle to the plunger block wherein the loader may retain at least one cartridge which may be forced into a magazine through the receiving section so an operator can quickly and efficiently reload the cartridge into the receiving magazine. An alternative embodiment is an apparatus described herein includes a special telescoping magazine ammunition loader configured for holding a quantity of at least one ammunition cartridge, made of durable materials, and comprised of: (a) a top box sleeve structure with a periphery and outer surfaces and with ammunition retention features; (b) a bottom box sleeve with ammunition retention features, (c) a loading collar that surround the periphery of the bottom box, with a lower recess that surrounds an ammunition receiving magazine; (d) a means to telescope and retain the top box and bottom box within the inner area of the loading collar; (e) a plunger with specific features to interface with ammunition; and (f) a means to detachably secure the plunger to the top surface of the top box sleeve wherein the loader may retain at least one cartridge which may be forced into a magazine through the loading collar so an operator can quickly and efficiently reload the cartridge into the receiving magazine.
  • Objects and Advantages
  • There are several objects and advantages of the simple and the special telescoping magazine ammunition loader. There are currently no known magazine loading devices that are effective at providing the objects of this invention. The special telescoping and simple magazine ammunition loader/unloader has several objects and advantages:
  • TABLE A Advantages and Benefits Item Advantages 1 Permits a fast load of ammunition clips 2 Is lightweight 3 Meets or exceeds recent limits on ammunition clip sizes 4 Provides an alternative to gun owners for ready- reloads for magazines 5 Is durable and can be made from readily available materials 6 Protects the cartridges from external forces while transporting and loading 7 Fewer Parts than traditional or former magazine loaders 8 Easier to produce by plastic molding or metal forming with less intricate configurations, corners and drafts; and fewer or no secondary assembly operations required - therefore less costly as the simple configuration 9 Interchangeable with most existing magazines 10 Quick couple with magazine via mag slot

    Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a device or apparatus for the rapid loading of a number of rounds of ammunition into a magazine. Another object of the present invention is to provide a rapid loading device as in accordance with the preceding object and in which the magazine can be loaded quite rapidly in under three seconds; loading up to 15 additional rounds of ammunition. Still another object of the present invention is to provide an improved method of loading of a number of rounds of ammunition into a magazine, and in particular in which the method of loading is carried out rapidly.
  • Finally, other advantages and additional features of the present special telescoping magazine ammunition loader/unloader device will be more apparent from the accompanying drawings and from the full description of the device. For one skilled in the art of ammunition handling and loading devices, it is readily understood that the features shown in the examples with this product are readily adapted to other types of art of ammunition handling and loading systems and devices.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Figures
  • The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate an embodiment of the special telescoping magazine ammunition loader that is preferred. The drawings together with the summary description given above and a detailed description given below serve to explain the principles of the device. It is understood, however, that the simple and special telescoping magazine ammunition loader is not limited to only the precise arrangements and instrumentalities shown. The preferred embodiment is shown generally in FIG. 23 through FIG. 27. The alternative embodiments are shown generally in FIG. 1 through FIG. 22.
  • FIGS. 1 A through 1 E are sketches of the general telescoping magazine ammunition loader for fast loading of magazine clips and the like.
  • FIGS. 2 A through 2 C are sketches of the general telescoping magazine ammunition loader device with components and features noted.
  • FIGS. 3 A through 3 C are sketches of section views of the telescoping magazine ammunition loader with the components and features shown from generally a side view.
  • FIGS. 4 A through 4 G are sketches of components and their features for the telescoping magazine ammunition loader.
  • FIGS. 5 A through 5 J are sketches of the various views and sections for the top box/sleeve of the telescoping magazine ammunition loader.
  • FIGS. 6 A through 6 H are sketches of the bottom box/sleeve of the telescoping magazine ammunition loader.
  • FIGS. 7 A through 7 C are sketches of the plunger/handle for the telescoping magazine ammunition loader.
  • FIGS. 8 A through 8 C are sketches of the covers for the telescoping magazine ammunition loader.
  • FIGS. 9 A through 9 D are sketches of an alternative embodiment for the projectile and rim groove restraint for the telescoping magazine ammunition loader.
  • FIGS. 10A through 10 D are sketches of a typical ammunition magazine.
  • FIGS. 11 A through 11 E are sketches of an alternative open end embodiment to accommodate zip strips ammunition bundles and the like.
  • FIG. 12 is a sketch of an unload mechanism to move ammunition rounds from a loaded magazine back to the telescoping magazine ammunition loader.
  • FIGS. 13 A through 13 D are sketches of original concepts for the telescoping magazine ammunition loader.
  • FIG. 14 is a typical ammunition round detailed showing the projectile and rim ridge for reference.
  • FIGS. 15 A through 15 E are sketches of the full assembly isometric drawing of the alternative embodiment of the general telescoping magazine ammunition loader and the individual telescoping parts.
  • FIGS. 16 A through 16 F are sketches of the alternative embodiment of the general telescoping magazine ammunition loader from different views.
  • FIGS. 17 A through 17 G are sketches of the top stage of the alternative embodiment of the general telescoping magazine ammunition loader from different views.
  • FIGS. 18 A through 18 G are sketches of the bottom stage of the alternative embodiment of the general telescoping magazine ammunition loader from different views.
  • FIGS. 19 A through 19 H are sketches of the loading collar of the alternative embodiment of the general telescoping magazine ammunition loader from different views.
  • FIGS. 20 A through 20 H are sketches of the plunger for the alternative embodiment of the general telescoping magazine ammunition loader from different views.
  • FIGS. 21 A through 21 E are sketches of receiver section of the alternative embodiment of the magazine unload assist for a telescoping magazine ammunition loader.
  • FIGS. 22 A through 22 D are sketches of the alternative embodiment of the magazine unload assist for a telescoping magazine ammunition loader in various views and being utilized to unload a magazine by a user.
  • FIGS. 23 A through 23 G are sketches of the magazine loader body.
  • FIGS. 24 A through 24 G are sketches of the plunger handle.
  • FIGS. 25 A through 25 G are sketches of the plunger block.
  • FIGS. 26 A through 26 H are sketches of the simplified magazine loader assembly.
  • FIGS. 27 A and 27 B are sketches of the operation of the simplified magazine loader assembly with the ammunition and the magazine storing the ammunition.
  • REFERENCE NUMERALS
  • The following list refers to the drawings:
  • TABLE B Reference numbers Ref # Description  31 General telescoping magazine ammunition loader  33 Cross section of telescoping magazine ammunition loader  35 Magazine unload assist for a telescoping magazine ammunition loader  36 Transition sleeve in the magazine unload assist 35 to the bottom box/sleeve of the telescoping magazine ammunition loader  36A Transition sleeve 36A in the magazine unload assist 35 to the top of the typical magazine 90  37 Open end alternative telescoping magazine ammunition loader  40 Top box/sleeve for the telescoping magazine ammunition loader  41 Top box/sleeve side surface  42 Top box/sleeve projectile end surface  43 Top box/sleeve rim recess end surface  44 Top box Engagement taper  45 Top Box/sleeve top surface  46 Top Box taper in plunger aperture  47 Slot or aperture in top surface for clearance to assemble plunger 80  48 Rim end spring option  48A Projectile end spring option  49 Spring mechanism - leaf, ball detents or the like  50 Rim groove periphery or ridge in top box  51 Retainer nub  52 Projectile periphery or ridge in top box  53 Face of spring option  55 Top box/sleeve groove for cover  56 Top box long cover for cartridge plunger 80  57 Top box short cover for cartridge and projectile plunger 81  58 Box channel on cover to engage top box groove 55  60 Bottom box/sleeve for telescoping magazine ammunition loader  61 Bottom box/sleeve side surface  62 Bottom box/sleeve projectile end surface  63 Bottom box/sleeve rim/groove end surface  65 Top of box/sleeve bottom surface (above the transition point/intersection 95)  66 Bottom box/sleeve aperture and flap in bottom recess surface 65  67 Nub retainer recess  69 Magazine recess/cave of bottom area for Bottom box/sleeve  70 Rim groove periphery or ridge in bottom box  72 Projectile periphery or ridge in bottom box  74 Bottom box Engagement taper  75 Concept sketch of top box/sleeve  76 Concept sketch of bottom box/sleeve  77 Concept sketch of telescoping magazine ammunition loader  80 Cartridge plunger  81 Cartridge and projectile plunger  82 Plunger handle with or without gripping means  83 Plunger side surface  85 Plunger expanded area to engage ammunition 120  86 Surface of plunger 80, 81 at ammunition 120  88 Unloader handle  89 Unloader (optional) return spring  90 Magazine (typical) for ammunition reserve for weapons  91 End slide cartridge retainer door  92 Sliding flap  92A Molded Nub as handle  93 Open part of the magazine  94 Side rail retainer (molded or affixed to the side and internal to bottom box cavity for the roll slide 91  94A Aperture in end face 63 for slide flap  95 Intersection/transition point at magazine and bottom surface of bottom box/sleeve  97 Open ended top box/sleeve  98 Open ended section of bottom box/sleeve 100 Open ended bottom surface (refer to 65) 101 Magazine user (person) 120 Ammunition typical sketch 122 Projectile diameter/end of typical ammunition 125 Rim groove diameter/end of typical ammunition 128 Rim end surface diameter/end of typical ammunition 131 alternative embodiment of the general telescoping magazine ammunition loader 133 Cross section of telescoping magazine ammunition loader 135 alternative embodiment of the magazine unload assist for a telescoping magazine ammunition loader 136 Base for the alternative embodiment of the magazine unload assist for a telescoping magazine ammunition loader 137 Receiver section of the alternative embodiment of the magazine unload assist for a telescoping magazine ammunition loader 137A Extension pawl as a means for connecting receiver 37 to base 136 137B Retainer bottom plate (fastened to retainer sidewalls by a fastening means such as threaded fasteners, rivets, or other 138 Magazine section of receiver 137 138A Aperture/cavity for magazine 90 in receiver 137 138B Retainer latch to removably secure the magazine 90 139 Bottom stage 160 section of receiver 137 139A Aperture/cavity for bottom stage 160 in receiver 137 140 Top box/sleeve stage for the alternative embodiment of the telescoping magazine ammunition loader 141 Top box/sleeve side surface 142 Top box/sleeve projectile end surface 143 Top box/sleeve rim recess end surface 144 Top box Engagement latch means 145 Top Box/sleeve top surface 146 Slot or aperture in top surface for clearance to accept/ receive plunger 180 147 Rim receiver 148 Back block 149 Shoulder stop 150 Rim slot 151 Retainer nub 160 Bottom box/sleeve for the alternative embodiment of the telescoping magazine ammunition loader 131 161 Bottom box/sleeve side surface 162 Bottom box/sleeve projectile end surface 163 Bottom box/sleeve rim/groove end surface 167 Nub retainer 168 Rim receiver 169 Back block 171 Tapered zone 172 Cartridge restrictor/shoulder stops to narrow channel 173 Cartridge restrictor (at bottom stage 160) 180 Cartridge plunger for the alternative embodiment of the telescoping magazine loader 131 182 Plunger extension or handle with or without gripping means 183 Plunger side surface 184 Edge of plunger with Groove for engaging with loading collar 186 Surface of plunger at ammunition 120 188A Unloader plunger at magazine section of receiver 137 188B Second Unloader plunger at magazine section of receiver 137 188C Unloader plunger at bottom stage section of receiver 137 188A1 Aperture for Unloader plunger at magazine section of receiver 137 188B1 Aperture for Second Unloader plunger at magazine section of receiver 137 188C1 Aperture for Unloader plunger at bottom stage section of receiver 137 200 Loading collar for the alternative embodiment of the telescoping magazine loader 131 201 Projectile end of loading collar 202 Rim end of loading collar 203 Aperture/cavity to accept/receive magazine 90 204 Clip/retaining means to hold magazine removably secure to the loading collar 205 Slide grooves and stop for removably securing plunger 180 207 Rim receiver 208 Back block 331 Simplified embodiment 331 of the general magazine ammunition loader 331A A magazine loader body 331A of a general magazine ammunition loader 331 having an inner void or receiving aperture to hold ammunition round when loaded through the receiving section 337 332 Front side 332 of a simplified embodiment of the magazine loader body 331A of a general magazine ammunition loader 331 332A Back side 332A of a simplified embodiment of the magazine loader body 331A of the general magazine ammunition loader 331 333 Slot/aperture for plunger handle 350 of the magazine loader body 331A 334 Left End 334 of a magazine loader body 331A of a simplified magazine ammunition loader 331 334A Right End 334A of a magazine loader body 331A of a simplified magazine ammunition loader 331 337 Magazine Receiver section 337 of the simplified embodiment 331A of the magazine ammunition loader 331 338 Receiving slot/notch 338 for a magazine 90 (typical) for ammunition reserve for weapons 339 Bottom of the simplified embodiment 331A of a magazine ammunition loader 331 350 Plunger handle 350 351 Engagement “plus” end 351 of the plunger handle 350 as part of a means 370 to removably secure 352 Lever handle end 352 of the plunger handle 350 355 Engagement side or end view 355 of the plunger handle 350 356 Lever side or end view 356 of the plunger handle 350 360 Plunger block 360 for the simplified embodiment of the magazine ammunition loader 331 361 Solid side surface 361 of the plunger block 360 362 Cavity side/with reinforced gusset surface 362 of the plunger block 360 365 Top 365 of the plunger block 360 365A Bottom 365A of the plunger block 360 366 End 366 of the plunger block 360 368 Aperture/cross opening 368 or equal of the plunger block 360 as part of a means 370 to removably secure 370 Removable engagement means 370 for securing plunger handle 350 into plunger block 360 [i.e. means 370 to removably secure the handle 350 to the block 360] 400 Direction 400 of forcing load
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS
  • The present innovation is a special telescoping magazine ammunition loader/unloader for weapons loading and reserve ammunition storage. The present invention relates in general to a device or apparatus for loading ammunition into a magazine. More particularly, the invention is concerned with a device or apparatus which provides for the rapid loading of ammunition into a magazine used for holding a number of rounds of ammunition. In addition, the present invention relates to a magazine loading system, and more particularly to a magazine loader mechanism which can quickly and easily load the ammunition into a magazine.
  • Taught here are the ways that a telescoping ammunition loader device may be placed safely and securely on an ammunition magazine and the used to quickly force and feed ammunition cartridges to load or reload a magazine for a firearm.
  • The advantages for the special telescoping magazine ammunition loader device 31 are listed above in the advantages:
      • Permits a fast load of ammunition clips
      • Is lightweight
      • Meets or exceeds recent limits on ammunition clip sizes
      • Provides an alternative to gun owners for ready-reloads for magazines
      • Is durable and can be made from readily available materials
      • Protects the cartridges from external forces while transporting and loading
      • Fewer Parts than traditional or former magazine loaders
      • Easier to produce by plastic molding or metal forming with less intricate configurations, corners and drafts; and fewer or no secondary assembly operations required—therefore less costly as the simple configuration
      • Interchangeable with most existing magazines
      • Quick couple with magazine via mag slot
  • The preferred apparatus described herein as the continuation in part includes a special telescoping magazine ammunition loader configured for holding a quantity of at least one ammunition cartridge, made of durable materials, and comprised of: (a) a loader body with an ammunition magazine engagement configurations; (b) a plunger block; (c) a plunger handle placed interior to the inside void of the loader body; and (d) a means to removably secure the plunger handle to the plunger block wherein the loader may retain at least one cartridge which may be forced into a magazine through the receiving section so an operator can quickly and efficiently reload the cartridge into the receiving magazine. The preferred embodiment is shown generally in FIG. 23 through FIG. 27. An alternative embodiment is an embodiment of the special telescoping magazine ammunition loader 131 is a device configured for holding a quantity of at least one ammunition cartridge 120, made of durable materials, and comprised of: (a) a top box 140 sleeve structure with a periphery and outer surfaces and with ammunition retention features; (b) a bottom box sleeve 160 with ammunition retention features, (c) a loading collar 200 that surround the periphery of the bottom box, with a lower recess that surrounds an ammunition receiving magazine 90; (d) a means to telescope and retain the top box and bottom box within the inner area of the loading collar; (e) a plunger 180 with specific features to interface with ammunition; and (f) a means to detachably secure the plunger to the top surface of the top box sleeve wherein the loader may retain at least one cartridge which may be forced into a magazine through the loading collar so an operator 101 can quickly and efficiently reload the cartridge into the receiving magazine 90. The alternative embodiments are shown generally in FIG. 1 through FIG. 22.
  • There is shown in FIGS. 1-27 a complete description and operative embodiment of the special telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31 device. In the drawings and illustrations, one notes well that the FIGS. 1-27 demonstrate the general configuration and use of this product. The various example uses are in the operation and use section, below.
  • The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate an embodiment of the simple magazine ammunition loader 331 that is preferred. Another special telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31 that is an alternative embodiment. The drawings together with the summary description given above and a detailed description given below serve to explain the principles of the simple magazine ammunition loader device 331 and the special telescoping magazine ammunition loader device 31. It is understood, however, that the devices 331 and 31 are not limited to only the precise arrangements and instrumentalities shown. Other examples of ammunition magazine loader/unloader devices and uses are still understood by one skilled in the art of ammunition handling and loading devices to be within the scope and spirit shown here.
  • FIGS. 1 A through 1 E are sketches of the general telescoping magazine ammunition loader for fast loading of magazine clips and the like. Shown here is the telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31 (FIG. 1 A); a cross section of telescoping magazine ammunition loader 33 (FIG. 1 C); a magazine unload assist for a telescoping magazine ammunition loader 35 (FIG. 1 B); the alternative embodiment 131 (FIG. 1 D) of the general telescoping magazine ammunition loader; and the alternative embodiment of the magazine unload assist 135 (FIG. 1 E) for a telescoping magazine ammunition loader. The details and features are shown in the other figures and described below.
  • FIGS. 2 A through 2 C are sketches of the general telescoping magazine ammunition loader device with components and features noted. One may see here the special telescoping magazine ammunition loader cartridge plunger 80; top box long cover 56 for cartridge plunger 80; top box short cover 57 for cartridge and projectile plunger 81; dashed shadows for projectile diameter/end 122, rim groove diameter/end 125 and rim end surface diameter/end 128 of typical ammunition 120; top box/sleeve 40 for the telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31; bottom box/sleeve 60 for telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31; the magazine (typical) 90 for ammunition 120 reserve for weapons; and the intersection point 95 at magazine and bottom surface of bottom box/sleeve above the magazine load. Also shown to retain the cartridges 120 are the end slide cartridge retainer door 91, a sliding flap 92, a molded Nub as handle 92A, open part of the magazine 93, a side rail retainer 94 (molded or affixed to the side and internal to bottom box cavity for the roll slide 91, and aperture 94A in end face 63 for slide flap 92
  • The components may be comprised of heavy duty, durable plastic or composite material. They may also be made of a metal such as steel, steel alloy, or aluminum and may be coated with a powder coat, paint, plating, galvanizing/zinc coating or other surface finish.
  • FIGS. 3 A through 3 C are sketches of section views at the projectile diameter (FIG. 3 C, Section C-C) and at the rim groove diameter (FIG. 3 B, Section B-B) for the telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31 with the components and features shown from generally a sectioned side view. Demonstrated here again are the special telescoping magazine ammunition loader cartridge plunger 80; top box long cover 56 for cartridge plunger 80; top box short cover 57 for cartridge and projectile plunger 81; dashed shadows for projectile diameter/end 122, rim groove diameter/end 125 and rim end surface diameter/end 128 of typical ammunition 120; top box/sleeve 40 for the telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31; bottom box/sleeve 60 for telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31; the end slide cartridge retainer door 91; the magazine (typical) 90 for ammunition 120 reserve for weapons; and the ammunition transition at the Intersection point 95 at magazine and bottom surface of bottom box/sleeve above the magazine load. In addition is shown the rim groove periphery or ridge in top box 50; projectile periphery 52 or ridge in top box 40; rim groove periphery 70 or ridge in bottom box 60; and projectile periphery 72 or ridge in bottom box 60.
  • FIGS. 4 A through 4 G are sketches of components and their features for the telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31. FIG. 4 D shows the cross section of telescoping magazine ammunition loader 33 and the telescoping configuration of the top box/sleeve 40 for the telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31 inside the bottom box/sleeve 60 for telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31 along with a typical ammunition cartridge 120. FIGS. 4 A through 4 C show the top box/sleeve 40 for the telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31; rim groove periphery or ridge in top box 50; projectile periphery 52 or ridge in top box 40; dashed shadows for projectile diameter/end 122, rim groove diameter/end 125 and rim end surface diameter/end 128 of typical ammunition 120; top box/sleeve groove 55 for cover 56,57 and the retainer nubs 51 used to detachably secure the bottom of the side surface of the top box 40 below the top surface/edge of the bottom box 60 in the recess 67. FIGS. 4 E through 4 G show the bottom box/sleeve 60 for telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31; dashed shadows for projectile diameter/end 122, rim groove diameter/end 125 and rim end surface diameter/end 128 of typical ammunition 120; rim groove periphery 70 or ridge in bottom box 60; and projectile periphery 72 or ridge in bottom box 60; and the nub retainer recess 67.
  • FIGS. 5 A through 5 J are sketches of the various views and sections for the top box/sleeve 40 of the telescoping magazine ammunition loader. These show the top box/sleeve 40 for the telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31; rim groove periphery or ridge in top box 50; projectile periphery 52 or ridge in top box 40; dashed shadows for projectile diameter/end 122, rim groove diameter/end 125 and rim end surface diameter/end 128 of typical ammunition 120; top box/sleeve groove 55 for cover 56,57 and the retainer nubs 51 used to detachably secure the bottom of the side surface of the top box 40 below the top surface/edge of the bottom box 60 in the recess 67. Also shown are the features and component details of the top box engagement taper 44; top box/sleeve side surface 41; top box/sleeve projectile end surface 42; top box/sleeve rim recess end surface 43; top box engagement taper 44; top Box/sleeve top surface 45; top box taper in plunger aperture 46; slot or aperture 47 in top surface 45 for clearance to assemble plunger 80; and a typical ammunition cartridge 120 for reference.
  • FIGS. 6 A through 6 H are sketches of the bottom box/sleeve 60 of the telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31. Demonstrated in these views are the bottom box sleeve 60; a typical ammunition cartridge 120; dashed shadows for projectile diameter/end 122, rim groove diameter/end 125 and rim end surface diameter/end 128 of typical ammunition 120; nub retainer recess 67; bottom box/sleeve side surface 61; bottom box/sleeve projectile end surface 62; bottom box/sleeve rim/groove end surface 63; bottom box/sleeve bottom surface 65 (above the transition point 95); bottom box/sleeve aperture and flap 66 in bottom surface 65; the end slide cartridge retainer door 91; rim groove periphery 70 or ridge in bottom box 60; projectile periphery 72 or ridge in bottom box 60; bottom box engagement taper 74; and magazine recess/cave 69 of bottom area for bottom box/sleeve 60.
  • FIGS. 7 A through 7 C are sketches of the plunger/handle 80 for the telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31. Demonstrated here are the cartridge plunger 80; cartridge and projectile plunger 81; plunger handle 82 with or without gripping means; plunger side surface 83; plunger expanded 85 area to engage ammunition 120; surface 86 of plunger 80, 81 at ammunition 120; top box long cover 56 for cartridge plunger 80; top box short cover 57 for cartridge and projectile plunger 81; and the box channel 58 on cover 80, 81 to engage top box groove 55.
  • FIGS. 8 A through 8 C are sketches of the covers for the telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31. Shown are the details for the top box long cover 56 for cartridge plunger 80; top box short cover 57 for cartridge and projectile plunger 81; and the box channel 58 on cover 80, 81 to engage top box groove 55.
  • FIGS. 9 A through 9 D are sketches of an alternative embodiment for the projectile and rim groove restraint for the telescoping magazine ammunition loader. The demonstrated device components are the rim groove periphery 70 or ridge in bottom box 60; and projectile periphery 72 or ridge in bottom box 60; the rim groove periphery or ridge in top box 50; the projectile periphery 52 or ridge in top box 40; the rim end spring option 48; periphery end spring option 48A; the spring mechanism 49—leaf, ball detents or the like; and the face 53 of spring options 48, 48A.
  • FIGS. 10A through 10 D are sketches of typical ammunition magazine s 90. FIG. 10 A is a sketch of the bottom box of a loader sleeve. FIGS. 10 B-10C are sketches of typical ammunition magazines. FIG. 10 D is a photo of an actual ammunition magazine. Shown are the magazine (typical) 90 for ammunition 120 reserve for weapons; open part of the magazine 93; and the transition point 95 above the magazine load. One skilled in firearms and weapon accessories realize and appreciates that the magazine 90 may be made of various metals, plastics, composite materials and other durable materials.
  • FIGS. 11 A through 11 E are sketches of an alternative open end embodiment 37 to accommodate zip strips around the ammunition bundles and the like. Here is demonstrated the similar embodiment including the plunger 80 but with these exceptions: open ended section of bottom box/sleeve 98; open ended top box cross section 97; an open ended bottom surface 100 (refer to component 65); and the end slide cartridge retainer door 91.
  • FIG. 12 is a sketch of an unload mechanism 35 to move ammunition rounds 120 from a loaded magazine 90 back to the telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31 (note that loader 31 is inverted). Here the unloader 35 is a transfer connecting structure with a transition sleeve 36 in the magazine unload assist 35 to the bottom box/sleeve of the telescoping magazine ammunition loader; transition sleeve 36A in the magazine unload assist 35 to the top of the typical magazine 90; over the open part of the magazine 93; the end slide cartridge retainer door 91 in an open position; a cartridge plunger 80 cartridge and projectile plunger 81; an ammunition cartridge (typical) sketch 120; a top box/sleeve 40 for the telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31; a bottom box/sleeve 60 for telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31; the bottom box/sleeve bottom surface 65 (below the transition point 95 since the loader 31 is inverted) an unloader handle 88; and an unloader optional return spring 89.
  • FIGS. 13 A through 13 D are sketches of original concepts for the telescoping magazine ammunition loader. Shown in these figures are: a concept sketch of top box/sleeve 75; a concept sketch 76 of bottom box/sleeve 60; a concept sketch 77 of telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31 with the ammunition typical sketch 120, plunger 80; top box/sleeve 40 for the telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31; bottom box/sleeve 60 for telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31; and magazine 90.
  • FIG. 14 is a typical ammunition round 120 detailed showing the projectile 122 and rim ridge 125 for reference. The actual size and caliber is not a limitation, only an example. One skilled in the art of firearms and ammunition realizes well that the innovation shown within this new special telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31 an unloader 35 may be adapted for other various sized ammunition cartridges and magazines.
  • FIGS. 15 A through 15 E are sketches of the full assembly isometric drawing of the alternative embodiment 131 of the general telescoping magazine ammunition loader and the individual telescoping parts. Operation is discussed below. One may see here the alternative embodiment 131 of the general telescoping magazine ammunition loader as a full assembly. Also shown are the individual top box/sleeve stage 140 for the alternative embodiment 131 of the telescoping magazine ammunition loader; the bottom box/sleeve 160 for the alternative embodiment 131 of the telescoping magazine ammunition loader 131; the loading collar 200 for the alternative embodiment 131 of the telescoping magazine loader; and the cartridge plunger 180 for the alternative embodiment 131 of the telescoping magazine loader.
  • FIGS. 16 A through 16 F are sketches of the alternative embodiment of the general telescoping magazine ammunition loader from different views. Shown here are the individual top box/sleeve stage 140 for the alternative embodiment 131 of the telescoping magazine ammunition loader; the bottom box/sleeve 160 for the alternative embodiment 131 of the telescoping magazine ammunition loader 131; the loading collar 200 for the alternative embodiment 131 of the telescoping magazine loader; and the cartridge plunger 180 for the alternative embodiment 131 of the telescoping magazine loader. Demonstrated are: Top View (FIG. 16 A); left and right Side Views (FIGS. 16 B and 16 C); left and right End Views as the sections 133 (FIGS. 16 D and 16 E); and a Bottom View (FIG. 16 F).
  • FIGS. 17 A through 17 G are sketches of the top stage 140 of the alternative embodiment 131 of the general telescoping magazine ammunition loader from different views. Demonstrated is an Isometric View (FIG. 17 A); Top View (FIG. 17 B); left and right Side Views (FIGS. 17 C and 17 D); left and right End Views (FIGS. 17 E and 17 F); and a Bottom View (FIG. 17 G). Shown here are the top box/sleeve stage 140 for the alternative embodiment 131 of the telescoping magazine ammunition loader; the top box/sleeve side surface 141; the top box/sleeve projectile end surface 142; the top box/sleeve rim recess end surface 143; the top box engagement latch 144 or means for removably connecting the top box/sleeve top surface 145; the slot or aperture 146 in top surface 145 for clearance to accept/receive plunger 180; rim receiver 147; back block 148; shoulder stop 149; sim slot 150; and the retainer nub 151.
  • FIGS. 18 A through 18 G are sketches of the bottom stage 160 of the alternative embodiment 131 of the general telescoping magazine ammunition loader from different views. Shown are an Isometric View (FIG. 18 A); Top View (FIG. 18 B); left and right Side Views (FIGS. 18 C and 18 D); left and right End Views (FIGS. 18 E and 18 F); and a Bottom View (FIG. 18 G). Here, the features of the bottom box/sleeve 160 for the alternative embodiment 131 of the telescoping magazine ammunition loader 131 include: a bottom box/sleeve side surface 161; a bottom box/sleeve projectile end surface 162; a bottom box/sleeve rim/groove end surface 163; rim receiver 168; back block 169; and a nub retainer 167.
  • FIGS. 19 A through 19 H are sketches of the loading collar 200 of the alternative embodiment 131 of the general telescoping magazine ammunition loader from different views. Shown are Isometric View (FIGS. 19 A and 19 B); Top View (FIG. 19 C); left and right Side Views (FIGS. 19 D and 19 E); left and right End Views (FIGS. 19 F and 19 G); and a Bottom View (FIG. 19 H). Here, the features of the loading collar 200 for the alternative embodiment 131 of the telescoping magazine ammunition loader 131 include: a projectile end 201 of loading collar 200; a rim end 202 of loading collar 200; an aperture/cavity 203 to accept/receive magazine 90; a clip/retaining means 204 to hold magazine 90 removably secure to the loading collar 200; slide grooves and stop 205 for removably securing plunger 180; rim receiver 207 and back block 208.
  • FIGS. 20 A through 20 H are sketches of the plunger 180 for the alternative embodiment 131 of the general telescoping magazine ammunition loader from different views. Shown are Isometric Views (FIGS. 20 A and 20 B); Top View (FIG. 20 C); left and right Side Views (FIGS. 20 D and 20 E); left and right End Views (FIGS. 20 F and 20 G); and a Bottom View (FIG. 20 H). Here, the features of the plunger 180 for the alternative embodiment 131 of the telescoping magazine ammunition loader 131 include: plunger extension or handle 182 with or without gripping means; plunger side surface 183; edge 184 of plunger 180 with groove for engaging with loading collar; and surface 186 of plunger 180 at ammunition 120.
  • FIGS. 21 A through 21 E are sketches of receiver section 137 of the alternative embodiment of the magazine unload assist 135 for a telescoping magazine ammunition loader. Shown here are the features and components including: extension pawl 137A as a means for connecting receiver 137 to base 136; retainer bottom plate 137B (fastened to retainer sidewalls by a fastening means such as threaded fasteners, rivets, or other; section 138 for magazine 90 of receiver 137; aperture/cavity 138A for magazine 90 in receiver 137 section 137 for bottom stage 160 of receiver 137; retainer latch 138B to removably secure the magazine 90; and aperture/cavity 139A for bottom stage 160 in receiver 137. Also shown are the unloader plunger 188A at magazine section 138 of receiver 137; second unloader plunger 188B at magazine section 138 of receiver 137; unloader plunger 188C at bottom stage section 139 of receiver 137; plunger springs 89; aperture 188A1 for unloader plunger 188A at magazine section of receiver 137; aperture 188B1 for second unloader plunger 188B at magazine section of receiver 137; aperture 188C1 for unloader plunger 188C at bottom stage section of receiver 137; and shown in cross sections FIG. 21 C through 21 E the components described plus special cartridge 120 control features tapered zone 171; cartridge restrictor/shoulder stops 172; and cartridge restrictor 173 (at bottom stage 160) to narrow channel.
  • FIGS. 22 A through 22 D are sketches of the preferred embodiment of the magazine unload assist 135 for a telescoping magazine ammunition loader 131 in various views and being utilized to unload a magazine 90 by a user 101. The operation steps by the user 101 are explained below. The features and components of the preferred unloader 135 demonstrated here are: receiver 137; extension pawl 137A as a means for connecting receiver 137 to base 136; base 136; the unloader plunger 188A at magazine section 138 of receiver 137; a second unloader plunger 188B at magazine section 138 of receiver 137; an unloader plunger 188C at bottom stage section 139 of receiver 137; plunger return springs 89; cartridge and ammunition 120; a magazine 90; and bottom stage 160.
  • FIGS. 23 A through 23 G are sketches of the magazine loader body 331A for the simplified embodiment 331 of the general telescoping magazine ammunition loader. Shown here are a simplified embodiment 331 of the general magazine ammunition loader comprised of: a magazine loader body 331A of a general magazine ammunition loader 331 having an inner void or receiving aperture to hold ammunition round when loaded through the receiving section 337; a front side 332 of a simplified embodiment of the magazine loader body 331A of a general magazine ammunition loader 331; a back side 332A of a simplified embodiment of the magazine loader body 331A of the general magazine ammunition loader 331; a slot/aperture 333 for plunger handle 350 of the magazine loader body 331A; a left End 334 of a magazine loader body 331A of a simplified magazine ammunition loader 331; a right End 334A of a magazine loader body 331A of a simplified magazine ammunition loader 331; a receiver section 337 of the simplified embodiment 331A of the magazine ammunition loader 331; a receiving slot/notch 338 for a magazine 90 (typical) for ammunition reserve for weapons; and a bottom 339 of the simplified embodiment 331A of a magazine ammunition loader 331.
  • FIGS. 24 A through 24 G are sketches of the plunger handle 350. Shown here are a plunger handle 350; an engagement “plus” 351 of the plunger handle 350 as part of a means 370 to removably secure the handle 350 to the block 360; a lever side or end 352 of the plunger handle 350; an engagement side or end view 355 of the plunger handle 350; and a lever side or end view 356 of the plunger handle 350
  • FIGS. 25 A through 25 G are sketches of the plunger block 360. Shown are: a plunger block 360 for the simplified embodiment of the magazine ammunition loader 331; a solid side surface 361 of the plunger block 360; a cavity side/with reinforced gusset surface 362 of the plunger block 360; a top 365 of the plunger block 360; a bottom 365A of the plunger block 360; an end 366 of the plunger block 360; an aperture/cross opening 368 or equal of the plunger block 360 as part of a means 370 to removably secure. The combination of the “plus” lever 351 and the aperture/cross opening 368 or equal of the plunger block 360 provides an example or illustration and not a limitation a removable engagement means 370 for securing plunger handle 350 into plunger block 360.
  • FIGS. 26 A through 26 H are sketches of the simplified magazine loader assembly 331. Shown here are the components of the simplified magazine loader assembly 331 including: a magazine loader body 331A of a general magazine ammunition loader 331; a front side 332 of a simplified embodiment of the magazine loader body 331A of a general magazine ammunition loader 331; a back side 332A of a simplified embodiment of the magazine loader body 331A of the general magazine ammunition loader 331; a slot/aperture for plunger handle 350 of the magazine loader body 331A; a left End 334 of a magazine loader body 331A of a simplified magazine ammunition loader 331; a right End 334A of a magazine loader body 331A of a simplified magazine ammunition loader 331; a magazine receiver section 337 of the simplified embodiment 331A of the magazine ammunition loader 331; a receiving slot/notch 338 for a magazine 90 (typical) for ammunition reserve for weapons; and a bottom 339 of the simplified embodiment 331A of a magazine ammunition loader 331. In addition the plunger handle 350 and plunger block 360 are shown. One should note that the components may be comprised of heavy duty, durable plastic or composite material. They may also be made of a thin, lightweight metal such as [for example and not as a limitation] steel, steel alloy, tin and aluminum and may be coated with a powder coat, paint, plating, galvanizing/zinc coating, or other surface finish.
  • FIGS. 27 A and 27 B are sketches of the operation of the simplified magazine loader assembly with the ammunition and the magazine storing the ammunition. This is described below in the operations section.
  • The details mentioned here are exemplary and not limiting. Other specific components and manners specific to describing a special telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31 may be added as a person having ordinary skill in the field of ammunition handling and loading devices and their uses well appreciates.
  • Operation of the Embodiments
  • The simple telescoping magazine ammunition loader device 331 and the special concept telescoping magazine ammunition loader device 31 and unloader 35 have been described in the above embodiment. Also shown are the second alternative embodiment 131 of the general telescoping magazine ammunition loader and the preferred embodiment of the magazine unload assist 135 for a telescoping magazine ammunition loader 131. The manner of how these devices operate is described below. One notes well that the description above and the operation described here must be taken together to fully illustrate the concept of the simple telescoping magazine ammunition loader device 331 and the special telescoping magazine ammunition loader devices 31, 131. The concept embodiment of the simple telescoping magazine ammunition loader device 331, the special telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31, and the unloader 35 and the alternative embodiment 131 of the general telescoping magazine ammunition loader and the preferred embodiment of the magazine unload assist 135 for a telescoping magazine ammunition loader 131 and a simplified magazine loader assembly 331 are described above.
  • The manner of operation anticipates that the actual size and caliber is not a limitation, only an example. One skilled in the art of firearms and ammunition realizes well that the innovation shown within this new simple magazine ammunition loader device 331 and the concept of the alternative telescoping magazine ammunition loaders 31 and 131 may be adapted for other various sized ammunition cartridges and magazines. The telescoping magazine ammunition loader 31 is pre-loaded with the cartridges 120. These may be gravity fed for the standard loading device 31 or using zip strips for the open back device 37. Next the loader 31 is mated with the magazine 90 at the transition point 95 by simply pushing the cave are over the upper, open part of the magazine 93 (this is shown in FIGS. 2, 3, 11, and 13 A). The magazine 90 is held by the user (person) 101. Next, the plunger 80 (with the person/user 101 grasping the handle 82) is forced toward the magazine 90. As the ammunition 120 feeds into the magazine 90, the top box sleeve 40 telescopes through the inner part of the bottom box sleeve 60 as the ammunition travels through the bottom box/sleeve aperture and flap 66 (in bottom surface 65) to the transition point 95, through the open part of the magazine 93 and finally into the magazine 90. When the plunger 80 bottoms out on the bottom surface 65 of the bottom box/sleeve 60, all the reserve ammunition 120 has been expended from the device 31, through the bottom box/sleeve aperture and flap 66 in bottom surface 65, and into the magazine 90.
  • Now the alternative embodiment 131 of the general telescoping magazine ammunition loader operates in a similar manner as the concept loader 31 described above. The cartridges 120 are loaded (by means already described) into the telescoping top stage 140, bottom stage 160 and collar 200. These 140, 160, 200 telescope and are held removably and slidably secure by the latches 144 and controlled by the various ribs and nubs 151, 167. These may be preloaded and ready for transport. The size of the stages as the full assembly anticipates up to 15 rounds. More or less rounds by be adapted to various sized assemblies 135 as one skilled in the art will appreciate. The magazine 90 is placed into the loading collar 200 and removably retained by the clip retainer means 204. Then the plunger 180 is removed, placed into the surface aperture 146 of the top stage 140 and thrust toward the direction of the magazine 90. The rounds 120 are now transferred into the magazine 90.
  • FIGS. 27 A and 27 B are sketches of the operation of the simplified magazine loader assembly 331 with the ammunition 120 and the magazine 90 storing the ammunition. The preferred and simplified embodiment 331 of the general magazine ammunition loader operates in a similar manner as the concept loader 31 and 131 described above. The cartridges 120 are loaded (by means already described) into the loader body 331A. The magazine 90 is placed into receiving section 337 of the loader body 331A and is aligned and held by the receiving slot/notch 338. The assembly 331 and magazine 90 are inverted with the magazine above the assembly 331. Then they are commonly placed onto a solid surface such as a table, ledge or tree stump. Next, the plunger handle 350 and plunger block 360 are thrust toward the direction of the magazine 90. The rounds 120 are now transferred into the magazine 90.
  • For the unload mechanism 35 in FIG. 12 first the magazine 90 is held by a user 101, the magazine is inverted, and the unloader 35 is then engaged at the open part of the magazine 93 over the transition sleeve 36A in the magazine unload assist 35. Next the loader device 31 is inverted and then the loader 31 is engaged at the transition point 95 with the transition sleeve 36A of the unloader mechanism 35. The end slide cartridge retainer door 91 is opened to permit the cartridges to pass into the loader 31. The unloader 35 is pressed past the transition point 95 until it bottoms out on the bottom surface 65 of the inverted loading device 31 in the bottom box sleeve 60.
  • Now the combined concept unloader 35, magazine 90 and loader 31/131/331 are ready to start the unloading. The individual ammunition rounds 120 are ejected by the user 101 (operating the unloader 35) by him or her pushing and pulling the plunger 88 (or just pushing if the optional return spring 89 is added with the device 35). The ammunition 120 is ejected one at a time and they fall through the transition point 95, into the bottom box 60 and on to the top box 40 [one realizes that the device 31 is also inverted so that the action of gravity allow/force the ammunition to “fall” naturally by the gravitational pull]. Once the device 31 is full, the unloader 35 is disengaged from the loader device 31 and the magazine 90. One skilled in the art appreciates this unloader might also work with an open end loader 37 except the zip function is lost for the unloaded cartridges 120.
  • The preferred ammunition unloader 135 is shown in FIGS. 21 and 22. The method of operation is shown as: The receiver 137 is held in place to a base 136 with a pawl 137A. Note the receiver 137 is essentially sixty (60) degrees vertically to the horizon. The receiver has a section 138 with a cavity 138A to accept the magazine 90 and a latch 138B to hold the magazine 90 in the receiver 137. A bottom stage 160 is placed beside it in a section 139 with a cavity 139A to receive and hold the bottom stages. Once a loaded magazine 90 is attached to the receiver 137 and a bottom stage 160 is in place beside it, an operator 101 can then begin to unload the magazine. The operator pushes in plunger “A” 188A which starts to free and release a round 120. That free round 120 falls into the open bottom stage 160. The operator 101 now plunges “C” 188 C to assure the round is pushed into the center cavity of the bottom stage 160. Next, the operator 101 pushes in plunger “B” 188B which starts to free and release a round 120. That next free round 120 falls into the open bottom stage 160. The operator 101 now again plunges “C” 188 C to assure the round is pushed into the center cavity of the bottom stage 160. The action is repeated as the operator 101 essentially repeats “A-C-B-C-A-C-B-C” and so on until the magazine 90 is empty and the bottom stage 160 is re-filled. If desired, additional bottom stages 160 and/or in combination with top stages 140 are used to empty the magazines 90.
  • With this description it is to be understood that the special concept telescoping magazine ammunition loader devices 31, 131, and 331—the preferred simple magazine ammunition loader device 331 and the alternative special telescoping magazine ammunition loader devices 31,131 and preferred unloader 135 are not to be limited to only the disclosed embodiment of product. The features of the device 31, 131, 35, 135, and 331 are intended to cover various modifications and equivalent arrangements included within the spirit and scope of the description.
  • While certain novel features of this invention have been shown and described and are pointed out in the annexed claims, it is not intended to be limited to the details above, since it will be understood that various omissions, modifications, substitutions and changes in the forms and details of the device illustrated and in its operation can be made by those skilled in the art without departing in any way from the spirit of the present invention. Without further analysis, the foregoing will so fully reveal the gist of the present invention that others can, by applying current knowledge, readily adapt it for various applications without omitting features that, from the standpoint of prior art, fairly constitute essential characteristics of the generic or specific aspects of this invention.
  • Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which these inventions belong. Although any methods and materials similar or equivalent to those described herein can also be used in the practice or testing of the present inventions, the preferred methods and materials are now described above in the foregoing paragraphs.
  • Other embodiments of the invention are possible. Although the description above contains much specificity, these should not be construed as limiting the scope of the invention, but as merely providing illustrations of some of the presently preferred embodiments of this invention. It is also contemplated that various combinations or sub-combinations of the specific features and aspects of the embodiments may be made and still fall within the scope of the inventions. It should be understood that various features and aspects of the disclosed embodiments can be combined with or substituted for one another in order to form varying modes of the disclosed inventions. Thus, it is intended that the scope of at least some of the present inventions herein disclosed should not be limited by the particular disclosed embodiments described above.
  • The terms recited in the claims should be given their ordinary and customary meaning as determined by reference to relevant entries (e.g., definition of “plane” as a carpenter's tool would not be relevant to the use of the term “plane” when used to refer to an airplane, etc.) in dictionaries (e.g., widely used general reference dictionaries and/or relevant technical dictionaries), commonly understood meanings by those in the art, etc., with the understanding that the broadest meaning imparted by any one or combination of these sources should be given to the claim terms (e.g., two or more relevant dictionary entries should be combined to provide the broadest meaning of the combination of entries, etc.) subject only to the following exceptions: (a) if a term is used herein in a manner more expansive than its ordinary and customary meaning, the term should be given its ordinary and customary meaning plus the additional expansive meaning, or (b) if a term has been explicitly defined to have a different meaning by reciting the term followed by the phrase “as used herein shall mean” or similar language (e.g., “herein this term means,” “as defined herein,” “for the purposes of this disclosure [the term] shall mean,” etc.). References to specific examples, use of “i.e.,” use of the word “invention,” etc., are not meant to invoke exception (b) or otherwise restrict the scope of the recited claim terms. Other than situations where exception (b) applies, nothing contained herein should be considered a disclaimer or disavowal of claim scope. Accordingly, the subject matter recited in the claims is not coextensive with and should not be interpreted to be coextensive with any particular embodiment, feature, or combination of features shown herein. This is true even if only a single embodiment of the particular feature or combination of features is illustrated and described herein. Thus, the appended claims should be read to be given their broadest interpretation in view of the prior art and the ordinary meaning of the claim terms.
  • Unless otherwise indicated, all numbers or expressions, such as those expressing dimensions, physical characteristics, etc. used in the specification (other than the claims) are understood as modified in all instances by the term “approximately.” At the very least, and not as an attempt to limit the application of the doctrine of equivalents to the claims, each numerical parameter recited in the specification or claims which is modified by the term “approximately” should at least be construed in light of the number of recited significant digits and by applying ordinary rounding techniques.

Claims (7)

What is claimed is:
1. An apparatus described herein is a simplified magazine ammunition loader configured for holding a quantity of at least one ammunition cartridge, made of durable materials, and comprised of:
(a) a loader body with an ammunition magazine engagement configurations;
(b) a plunger block with an aperture and placed interior to the inside void of the loader body;
(c) a plunger handle with an end removably placed into the aperture of the plunger block; and
(d) a means to removably secure the plunger handle to the plunger block;
wherein the loader may retain at least one cartridge which may be forced into a magazine through the receiving section so an operator can quickly and efficiently reload the cartridge into the receiving magazine.
2. The simple magazine ammunition loader described in claim 1 wherein the durable materials used is from a group consisting of heavy duty, durable plastic and composite material.
3. The simple magazine ammunition loader described in claim 1 wherein the durable materials used is from a group consisting of a metal, a steel, a steel alloy, aluminum, tin and a metal with a surface finish.
4. The group described in claim 3 wherein the surface finish is from a group consisting of a powder coat, paint, plating and galvanizing/zinc coating.
5. The simple magazine ammunition loader described in claim 1 wherein the means to removably secure the plunger handle to the plunger block is a plus end on the plunger level and a mating plus aperture on the plunger block.
6. The simple magazine ammunition loader described in claim 1 wherein the ammunition magazine engagement configurations are comprised of a receiving section with a receiving notch and a slot/aperture for plunger handle of the magazine loader.
7. An apparatus described herein is a simplified magazine ammunition loader configured for holding a quantity of at least one ammunition cartridge, made of durable materials, and comprised of:
(a) a loader body with a receiving section with a receiving notch and a slot/aperture for plunger handle of the magazine load;
(b) a plunger block placed interior to the inside void of the loader body and further comprised with a plus opening for receiving a handle;
(c) a plunger handle with a plus configuration at one end and removably placed into the aperture of the plunger block; and
(d) a means to removably secure the plunger handle to the plunger block;
wherein the loader may retain at least one cartridge which may be forced into a magazine through the receiving section so an operator can quickly and efficiently reload the cartridge into the receiving magazine.
US14/847,035 2013-04-08 2015-09-08 Simple and Special Telescoping Magazine Ammunition Loader and Unloader Abandoned US20150377573A1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

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US201361809630P true 2013-04-08 2013-04-08
US14/248,022 US20140298704A1 (en) 2013-04-08 2014-04-08 Special Telescoping Magazine Ammunition Loader and Unloader
US14/847,035 US20150377573A1 (en) 2013-04-08 2015-09-08 Simple and Special Telescoping Magazine Ammunition Loader and Unloader

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US14/847,035 US20150377573A1 (en) 2013-04-08 2015-09-08 Simple and Special Telescoping Magazine Ammunition Loader and Unloader

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USD755916S1 (en) * 2014-12-11 2016-05-10 Libert O'Sullivan Cartridge casing for long range supersonic sporting cartridge with oversize primer
US9354008B1 (en) * 2014-01-14 2016-05-31 MITUSA Manufacturing Magazine loading device
US9618286B1 (en) 2015-09-29 2017-04-11 Christopher Andrew Plate Ammunition magazine loader
USD790030S1 (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-06-20 Ulbrich Schroeder Design Corp Loader
US9689633B1 (en) 2015-12-22 2017-06-27 Christopher Andrew Plate Magazine loader
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US9752838B2 (en) * 2016-01-15 2017-09-05 Robert T Parker Magazine loading assembly
US9772152B1 (en) 2016-09-18 2017-09-26 Jeffery N Niccum Ammunition storage and a magazine loading/ unloading device for weapons
USD799632S1 (en) 2017-01-13 2017-10-10 Ulbrich Schroeder Design Corp Loader
WO2017194831A1 (en) * 2016-05-09 2017-11-16 Partanen Seppo Sakari A cartridge package
US20180087856A1 (en) * 2016-09-19 2018-03-29 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Rifle magazine loader
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US10018435B2 (en) * 2016-01-15 2018-07-10 Pt Magz, Llc Magazine with improved loading assembly
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USD829293S1 (en) 2016-07-22 2018-09-25 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Rifle magazine loader portion
US20180292152A1 (en) * 2017-04-07 2018-10-11 Steve Wilkinson Internal and External Locking/latching magazine device and coupling ammunition container called a Lock and Load
US10132582B1 (en) * 2017-12-14 2018-11-20 Junsheng Zhou System for rapidly reloading removable ammunition magazines
US10145635B2 (en) 2016-09-08 2018-12-04 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Pistol magazine loader
USD836178S1 (en) 2016-09-08 2018-12-18 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Kinetic magazine loader
USD839376S1 (en) 2016-07-22 2019-01-29 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Dual way magazine loader
US10222155B2 (en) * 2016-09-19 2019-03-05 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Dual way magazine loader
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USD845424S1 (en) 2016-07-22 2019-04-09 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Rifle magazine loader
USD846056S1 (en) 2016-09-08 2019-04-16 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Pistol magazine loader
US10317154B1 (en) * 2016-12-22 2019-06-11 Elite Tactical Systems Group, LLC Firearm magazine loader
USD851722S1 (en) 2015-09-08 2019-06-18 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Kinetic magazine loader
US10539383B1 (en) 2018-01-17 2020-01-21 Maglula, Ltd. Unloader for firearm magazines
US10598455B2 (en) 2015-09-29 2020-03-24 Plate Llc Magazine ammunition loader
USD888183S1 (en) * 2018-10-19 2020-06-23 Thomas Allen Griswold Manual magazine ammunition loader
US10746487B2 (en) * 2018-12-07 2020-08-18 Ningbo Rotchi Business Co., Ltd. Device for loading bullets into firearm magazine

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US10247499B2 (en) * 2014-01-14 2019-04-02 Magpump, Llc Ammunition management device
US9719741B1 (en) * 2014-01-14 2017-08-01 Magpump, Llc Magazine loading device
USD755916S1 (en) * 2014-12-11 2016-05-10 Libert O'Sullivan Cartridge casing for long range supersonic sporting cartridge with oversize primer
USD851722S1 (en) 2015-09-08 2019-06-18 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Kinetic magazine loader
USRE48152E1 (en) 2015-09-29 2020-08-11 Plate Llc Magazine loader
US10598455B2 (en) 2015-09-29 2020-03-24 Plate Llc Magazine ammunition loader
USRE48142E1 (en) 2015-09-29 2020-08-04 Plate Llc Magazine loader
US9618286B1 (en) 2015-09-29 2017-04-11 Christopher Andrew Plate Ammunition magazine loader
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US9689633B1 (en) 2015-12-22 2017-06-27 Christopher Andrew Plate Magazine loader
US9752838B2 (en) * 2016-01-15 2017-09-05 Robert T Parker Magazine loading assembly
US10018435B2 (en) * 2016-01-15 2018-07-10 Pt Magz, Llc Magazine with improved loading assembly
WO2017194831A1 (en) * 2016-05-09 2017-11-16 Partanen Seppo Sakari A cartridge package
AU2017263104B2 (en) * 2016-05-09 2019-01-17 Venandi Oy A cartridge package
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US10352672B2 (en) 2016-05-09 2019-07-16 Venandi Oy Cartridge package
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USD827757S1 (en) 2016-07-22 2018-09-04 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Dual way magazine loader portion
USD829293S1 (en) 2016-07-22 2018-09-25 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Rifle magazine loader portion
USD839376S1 (en) 2016-07-22 2019-01-29 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Dual way magazine loader
USD845424S1 (en) 2016-07-22 2019-04-09 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Rifle magazine loader
USD818554S1 (en) * 2016-07-22 2018-05-22 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Magazine loader
US10240879B2 (en) 2016-08-22 2019-03-26 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Magazine loader
USD823420S1 (en) 2016-08-22 2018-07-17 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Tube magazine loader
US9976826B2 (en) 2016-08-24 2018-05-22 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Kinetic magazine loader
US10240878B1 (en) 2016-08-24 2019-03-26 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Kinetic magazine loader
US10145635B2 (en) 2016-09-08 2018-12-04 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Pistol magazine loader
USD824477S1 (en) 2016-09-08 2018-07-31 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Pistol magazine loader component
USD836178S1 (en) 2016-09-08 2018-12-18 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Kinetic magazine loader
USD846056S1 (en) 2016-09-08 2019-04-16 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Pistol magazine loader
US9772152B1 (en) 2016-09-18 2017-09-26 Jeffery N Niccum Ammunition storage and a magazine loading/ unloading device for weapons
US10215516B2 (en) * 2016-09-19 2019-02-26 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Rifle magazine loader
US20180087856A1 (en) * 2016-09-19 2018-03-29 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Rifle magazine loader
US10222155B2 (en) * 2016-09-19 2019-03-05 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Dual way magazine loader
US9964373B2 (en) * 2016-12-07 2018-05-08 A.F.I. Design Co., LLC Magazine loading device and method for loading a magazine
US10317154B1 (en) * 2016-12-22 2019-06-11 Elite Tactical Systems Group, LLC Firearm magazine loader
USD799632S1 (en) 2017-01-13 2017-10-10 Ulbrich Schroeder Design Corp Loader
USD790030S1 (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-06-20 Ulbrich Schroeder Design Corp Loader
US20180292152A1 (en) * 2017-04-07 2018-10-11 Steve Wilkinson Internal and External Locking/latching magazine device and coupling ammunition container called a Lock and Load
US10132582B1 (en) * 2017-12-14 2018-11-20 Junsheng Zhou System for rapidly reloading removable ammunition magazines
US10539383B1 (en) 2018-01-17 2020-01-21 Maglula, Ltd. Unloader for firearm magazines
USD888183S1 (en) * 2018-10-19 2020-06-23 Thomas Allen Griswold Manual magazine ammunition loader
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