US20140290638A1 - Gemstone and method for cutting the same - Google Patents

Gemstone and method for cutting the same Download PDF

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Publication number
US20140290638A1
US20140290638A1 US14/304,771 US201414304771A US2014290638A1 US 20140290638 A1 US20140290638 A1 US 20140290638A1 US 201414304771 A US201414304771 A US 201414304771A US 2014290638 A1 US2014290638 A1 US 2014290638A1
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Prior art keywords
facets
pavilion
girdle
forming
hook
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US14/304,771
Inventor
Paras Paresh Mehta
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Dimexon Diamonds Ltd
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Dimexon Diamonds Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US26542809P priority Critical
Priority to US12/955,055 priority patent/US8769987B2/en
Application filed by Dimexon Diamonds Ltd filed Critical Dimexon Diamonds Ltd
Priority to US14/304,771 priority patent/US20140290638A1/en
Assigned to DIMEXON DIAMONDS LTD. reassignment DIMEXON DIAMONDS LTD. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: MEHTA, PARAS PARESH
Publication of US20140290638A1 publication Critical patent/US20140290638A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28DWORKING STONE OR STONE-LIKE MATERIALS
    • B28D5/00Fine working of gems, jewels, crystals, e.g. of semiconductor material; apparatus or devices therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A44HABERDASHERY; JEWELLERY
    • A44CPERSONAL ADORNMENTS, e.g. JEWELLERY; COINS
    • A44C17/00Gems or the like
    • A44C17/001Faceting gems

Abstract

The invention relates to a gemstone (10) comprises a girdle (13), a crown (11) and a pavilion (12). The crown has a table (14), ten star facets (15) surrounding the table, ten bezel facets (16) aligned between the star facets and twenty upper girdle facets (20) aligned between the bezel facets. The pavilion is provided with ten pavilion main facets (24), twenty pavilion hook facets (29) aligned between the pavilion main facets and ten pavilion star facets (34) aligned between the pavilion hook facets. The invention also relates to a method of cutting the gemstone.

Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • The present application is a divisional and claims the priority benefit of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 12/955,055 filed Nov. 29, 2010, which claims the priority benefit of U.S. provisional application 61/265,428 filed Dec. 1, 2009, the disclosures of which are incorporated herein by reference.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • 1. Field of the Invention
  • The present invention relates to a gemstone and more particularly, to a gemstone having a unique cut and method of cutting the gemstone.
  • 2. Description of the Related Art
  • The round brilliant cut is the most popular cut shape for diamonds. Diamonds have various characteristics and three of the main characteristics are brilliance, dispersion and scintillation.
  • Brilliance is an essential attribute of a diamond and it generally refers to the amount of light that impinges on the top of the diamond and reflects back. Bright diamonds return lots of light from the surroundings back to an observer.
  • Dispersion, which is also known as fire, refers to the prism of light refracted from within a cut diamond and relates to the rainbow colours that are emitted from the gemstone as it is viewed from different angles when a diamond moves relative to an observer.
  • Scintillation is the intense sparkles in a diamond as the diamond moves.
  • The light performance of a diamond is impacted by, among other things, the number, shape, angles and arrangement of facets on the cut diamond. A slight variation in one factor can alter the brilliance and appearance of the diamond.
  • There are a variety of brilliant gemstone cuts available on the market. A conventional round brilliant cut diamond consists of 57 facets, or 58 facets including a culet. However, even with this number of facets, a conventional round brilliant cut diamond does not address a specific need of a particular way of having a gemstone cut that exhibits excellent brilliancy, scintillation and dispersion.
  • There is therefore a need for a new gemstone cut and corresponding method for cutting a gemstone which uniquely maximizes and balances the features of brilliance, scintillation and dispersion of gemstones.
  • SUMMARY OF THE PRESENTLY CLAIMED INVENTION
  • It is an object of the present invention to provide a method for cutting a gemstone with improved characteristics of brilliance, scintillation and dispersion over the prior art or at least provides the public with a useful choice.
  • According to one aspect of the invention, a method of cutting a gemstone having a crown, a girdle, and a pavilion is provided. The method comprises forming ten pavilion main facets at an angle between 40.75° and 41.50° relative to a plane parallel to a horizontal plane of the girdle, forming twenty substantially triangular pavilion hook facets aligned between the pavilion main facets and forming at an angle between 41.50° and 42.25° relative to a plane parallel to a horizontal plane of the girdle, and forming ten substantially triangular pavilion star facets between the pavilion hook facets and forming at an angle between 45.75° and 46.50° relative to a plane parallel to a horizontal plane of the girdle.
  • In an embodiment, each of the pavilion hook facets is aligned adjacent to, and forms a common edge with another pavilion hook facet to form a pair of pavilion hook facets, and each of the pair of pavilion hook facets is aligned between two adjacent pavilion main facets. The pavilion star facets are aligned around periphery of the pavilion and each pavilion star facet includes a first side forming a first common edge with a side of a first pavilion hook facet of the pair of pavilion hook facets and a second side forming a second common edge with a side of a second pavilion hook facet of the pair of pavilion hook facets.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • For the purposes of illustrating the invention, there is shown in the drawings a form which is presently preferred. It is being understood however that this invention is not limited to the precise arrangements shown.
  • FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of a gemstone according to the present invention;
  • FIG. 2 is a top view of the gemstone shown in FIG. 1.
  • FIG. 3 is a bottom view of the gemstone of FIG. 1.
  • FIG. 4 is a plan view showing arrow pattern and floral pattern in the gemstone of an embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 5 is a plan view showing heart pattern in the gemstone of an embodiment of the present invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • Referring now to the drawings, preferred embodiments of the present invention are described more particularly.
  • FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of a circular cut gemstone 10 according to one embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 1, the gemstone 10 includes a top or crown 11, a base or pavilion 12, and a girdle 13 provided on the lateral surface along the boundary of the crown 11 and the pavilion 12 as shown in FIG. 1.
  • FIG. 2 is a top view showing the crown 11 of the gemstone 10 of FIG. 1. As shown in FIG. 2, the crown 11 includes a table 14 and ten substantially equally-spaced triangular facets known as star facets 15. The star facets 15 are aligned immediately surrounding the table 14 and adjacent to the table 14. The ten star facets 15 are substantially identical in size.
  • The crown 11 further includes ten bezel facets 16 extending from the table 14 to the girdle 13. Each of the bezel facets 16 is in the shape of a four sided kite with two of the sides forming a first portion of the bezel facet 16 and the other two sides forming a second portion opposite the first portion of the bezel facet. One side of the first portion of the bezel facet 16 forms a common edge A with a side of a first star facet 15 and another side of the first portion of the bezel facet 16 forms a common edge A′ with a side of a second star facet 15 that is aligned adjacent to the first star facet 15. The ten bezel facets 16 are substantially identical in size.
  • The crown 11 also includes twenty upper girdle facets 20 provided around the periphery of the crown 11. Each of the upper girdle facets 20 is substantially triangular in shape. Each of the upper girdle facets 20 is provided adjacent to, and forms a common edge B with another upper girdle facet to form a pair of upper girdle facet. Each pair of the upper girdle facets is provided between two adjacent bezel facets 16 such that one side of the pair of upper girdle facet forms a common edge C with one side of the second portion of a first bezel facet 16 and a opposite side of the pair of upper girdle facets forms a common edge C′ with one side of the second portion of a second bezel facet 16 positioned adjacent to the first bezel facet. Each pair of upper girdle facets together with two adjacent bezel facets and one star facet which is provided between the two adjacent bezel facets are aligned in a manner such that they form a point 23 where the five common facets meet.
  • FIG. 3 is a bottom view showing the pavilion 12 of the gemstone 10 of FIG. 1. As shown in FIG. 3, the pavilion 12 includes ten concentrically substantially equally spaced pavilion main facets 24 extending from a point of the pavilion 12 distant from the girdle, to the girdle 13. Each of the pavilion main facets 24 has four sides, two of which form a first portion of the pavilion main facet 24 and the other two form a second portion of the pavilion main facet 24, opposite the first portion. Each side of the first portion of each of the pavilion main facets 24 is immediately adjacent to, and forms a common edge D with another side of the first portion of another pavilion main facet 24. In a preferred form, the first portion of each of the pavilion main facets 24 is shorter than the second portion of the same pavilion main facet 24.
  • Between the pavilion main facets 24 are twenty substantially triangular pavilion hook facets 29. Each of the pavilion hook facets 29 is provided adjacent to, and forms a common edge E with another pavilion hook facet to form a pair of pavilion hook facets. Each pair of the pavilion hook facets 29 is provided between two adjacent pavilion main facets 24 at the second portions of the pavilion main facets 24. Each pair of the pavilion hook facets 29 is aligned such that one side of the pair of pavilion hook facets 29 forms a common edge F with one side of a first pavilion main facet 24 and a opposite side of the pair of pavilion hook facets 29 forms a common edge F′ with a side of a second pavilion main facet 24 positioned adjacent to the first pavilion main facet 24.
  • The pavilion 12 further includes ten substantially triangularly shaped pavilion star facets 34 provided around the periphery of the pavilion 12. In a preferred embodiment, each of the pavilion star facets 34 has two substantially straight sides and a substantially curved side that forms part of the circumference of the gemstone 10, although the configuration is not limited as such. Each of the pavilion star facets 34 is provided between the pair of pavilion hook facets 29, with one straight side of the pavilion star facet 34 forming a common edge G with a side of a first pavilion hook facet 29 and another straight side of the pavilion star facet 34 forming a common edge G′ with a side of a second pavilion hook facet 29 of the pair of pavilion hook facets 29.
  • In one embodiment of the invention, the pavilion main facets 34 are formed at an angle between 40.75° and 41.50° relative to a plane parallel to a horizontal plane of the girdle. The pavilion hook facets 29 are formed at an angle between 41.50° and 42.25° relative to the plane parallel to the horizontal plane of the girdle. The pavilion star facets 34 are formed at an angle between 45.75° and 46.50° relative to the plane parallel to the horizontal plane of the girdle. Preferably, the pavilion main facets 34 are formed at an angle of 41°, the pavilion hook facets are formed at an angle of 41.75° and the pavilion star facets 34 are formed at an angle of 46°. The correlation of these facets is done on the basis of the pavilion main facets 24.
  • In another embodiment of the invention, the point which the pavilion main facets 24 extend from includes a culet 38 (as shown in FIG. 1). This culet can be a point or a planar surface forming an additional facet.
  • In one embodiment of the invention, the gemstone 10 preferably has a total depth in the range of 59.5% to 63.0% of the total girdle diameter. The girdle preferably has a thickness in the range of 1.2% to 3.5% of the total girdle diameter. The crown 11 preferably has an angle between 33.5° and 35.2° relative to the plane parallel to the horizontal plane of the girdle. The pavilion 12 preferably has an angle between 40.6° and 41.2° relative to the plane parallel to the horizontal plane of the girdle.
  • The gemstone 10 of the present invention is cut symmetrically with a 10-fold symmetry and having a total of 81 facets, with the crown 11 and the pavilion 12 each having 40 facets. In one embodiment of the invention, the gemstone 10 has a total of 82 facets, including the culet 38.
  • The present invention uses unique combination of angles and faceting to create a gemstone with an equal number of facets in the crown and the pavilion, and with a pavilion having facets which are formed at three different angles. The combination of the use of greater number of facets and different angles of faceting, particularly, the different angles used in faceting the pavilion, creates a gemstone with enhanced characteristics of scintillation, brilliance and dispersion.
  • In one embodiment of the invention, the amount of light return of the gemstone is in the range of 92% to 95%. This amount is greater than the amount of light returned by a conventional round brilliant cut gemstone which generally has a light return of about 82% to 86%. This gives the gemstone of the present invention enhanced brilliance as compared to a conventional round brilliant cut gemstone.
  • The light spread of the gemstone of the invention is preferably in the range of 5% to 6%. This is greater than the light spread of a conventional round brilliant cut gemstone which generally has a light spread of only about 2% to 3%. This gives the gemstone of the present invention better dispersion of light as compared to a conventional round brilliant cut gemstone.
  • It should also be noted that the unique facets arrangement of the present invention is able to yield a hearts and arrows pattern with an enhanced view of a floral pattern, as depicted in FIGS. 4 and 5. When the gemstone 10 of the present invention is viewed in a face-up direction (table up position) using a magnifying device, ten arrows and floral pattern may be observed as shown in FIG. 4. When the gemstone 10 of the present invention is viewed in a face-down direction (viewed through the pavilion), ten hearts pattern may be observed as shown in FIG. 5. This hearts and arrows as well as the floral phenomenon is unique to the gemstone 10 of the present invention.
  • In one embodiment of the invention, the gemstone 10 is a diamond. The gemstone 10 can be of any dimension, size, or weight.
  • The present invention also contemplates methods for forming the embodiment of the gemstone 10 as described above.
  • According to one embodiment of the invention, a method of cutting a gemstone having a crown, a girdle and a pavilion is provided. The method comprises forming ten pavilion main facets 24 at the pavilion 12 of the gemstone, at an angle between 40.75° and 41.50° relative to the plane parallel to the horizontal plane of the girdle. Each of the pavilion main facets 24 extends concentrically from the culet 38. In one embodiment of the invention, the pavilion main facets 24 are formed at an angle of 41° relative to the plane parallel to the horizontal plane of the girdle.
  • The method further comprises forming twenty substantially triangular pavilion hook facets 29 on the pavilion 12, at an angle between 41.50° and 42.25° relative to the plane parallel to the horizontal plane of the girdle and aligning the pavilion hook facets 29 between the pavilion main facets.
  • In one embodiment of the invention, the pavilion hook facets 29 are formed at an angle of 41.75°. relative to the plane parallel to the horizontal plane of the girdle.
  • The method further comprises forming ten substantially triangular pavilion star facets 34 around the periphery of the pavilion 12, at an angle between 45.75° and 46.50° relative to the plane parallel to the horizontal plane of the girdle and aligning the pavilion star facets 34 between the pavilion hook facets 29. In one embodiment of the invention, the pavilion star facets 34 are formed at an angle of 46° relative to the plane parallel to the horizontal plane of the girdle.
  • The method of the present invention further comprises forming a table 14 at the crown 11 of the gemstone, forming ten star facets 15 surrounding the table 14, forming ten bezel facets 16 and aligning each of the bezel facets 16 between the star facets 15 and forming twenty upper girdle facets 20. Each of the upper girdle facets 20 is aligned adjacent to, and forming a common edge with another upper girdle facet 20 to form a pair of upper girdle facets. Each of the pairs of upper girdle facets is aligned between two adjacent bezel facets 16.
  • It should be noted that the sequence of forming the gemstone of the present invention is irrelevant, so long as the resulting gemstone has the arrangement of facets as described above.
  • The foregoing describes the invention including preferred forms thereof. Alterations and modifications as will be obvious to those skilled in the art are intended to be incorporated within the scope hereof as defined by the accompanying claims.

Claims (7)

What is claimed is:
1. A method of cutting a diamond having a crown, a girdle and a pavilion, the method comprising:
forming ten pavilion main facets extending concentrically from a point of the pavilion distant from the girdle and forming at an angle between 40.75° and 41.50° relative to a plane parallel to a horizontal plane of the girdle;
forming twenty substantially triangular pavilion hook facets aligned between the pavilion main facets and forming at an angle between 41.50° and 42.25° relative to a plane parallel to a horizontal plane of the girdle, wherein each of the pavilion hook facets is aligned adjacent to, and forms a common edge with another pavilion hook facet to form a pair of pavilion hook facets, and each of the pair of pavilion hook facets is aligned between two adjacent pavilion main facets; and
forming ten substantially triangular pavilion star facets between the pavilion hook facets and forming at an angle between 45.75° and 46.50° relative to a plane parallel to a horizontal plane of the girdle, wherein the pavilion star facets are aligned around periphery of the pavilion and each pavilion star facet includes a first side forming a first common edge with a side of a first pavilion hook facet of the pair of pavilion hook facets and a second side forming a second common edge with a side of a second pavilion hook facet of the pair of pavilion hook facets.
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the pavilion main facets are formed at an angle of 41°, relative to the plane parallel to the horizontal plane of the girdle.
3. The method according to claim 1, wherein the pavilion hook facets are formed at an angle of 41.75°, relative to the plane parallel to the horizontal plane of the girdle.
4. The method according to claim 1, wherein the pavilion star facets are formed at an angle of 46°, relative to the plane parallel to the horizontal plane of the girdle.
5. The method according to claim 1, wherein the pavilion main facets are formed at an angle of 41°, the pavilion hook facets are formed at an angle of 41.75° and the pavilion star facets are formed at an angle of 46°, relative to the plane parallel to the horizontal plane of the girdle.
6. The method according to claim 1, further comprising:
forming a table at the crown;
forming ten star facets surrounding the table;
forming ten bezel facets between the star facets; and
forming twenty upper girdle facets around periphery of the crown and
aligning them between the bezel facets.
7. The method according to claim 6, further comprising:
aligning each of the bezel facets between two adjacent star facets;
aligning each of the upper girdle facets adjacent to, and forming a common edge with another upper girdle facet to form a pair of upper girdle facets; and
aligning each of the pair of upper girdle facets between two adjacent bezel facets.
US14/304,771 2009-12-01 2014-06-13 Gemstone and method for cutting the same Abandoned US20140290638A1 (en)

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US26542809P true 2009-12-01 2009-12-01
US12/955,055 US8769987B2 (en) 2009-12-01 2010-11-29 Gemstone
US14/304,771 US20140290638A1 (en) 2009-12-01 2014-06-13 Gemstone and method for cutting the same

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US14/304,771 US20140290638A1 (en) 2009-12-01 2014-06-13 Gemstone and method for cutting the same

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USD741214S1 (en) 2014-10-31 2015-10-20 Leon Mege Inc. Gemstone
USD746169S1 (en) 2014-10-31 2015-12-29 Leon Mege Inc. Gemstone
US9943144B2 (en) 2014-10-31 2018-04-17 Leon Mege Inc. Step-cut gemstone

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US9456669B2 (en) * 2005-11-23 2016-10-04 Worldwide Diamond Trademarks Ltd. Cushion shaped hearts and arrows gemstone and method
JP6490930B2 (en) * 2013-09-30 2019-03-27 ワールドワイド ダイヤモンド トレードマークス リミテッドWorldwide Diamond Trademarks Ltd. A decagonal diamond with a heart-and-arrow pattern
CN102501165B (en) * 2011-11-02 2014-02-26 李德雄 Processing method of gem with 102 cutting surfaces
CN103126215B (en) * 2013-02-26 2015-01-21 张坤芝 81-facet diamond with 10-heart-and-10-arrow structure inside
US10376026B2 (en) 2013-02-26 2019-08-13 Shenzhen Perfect Love Diamond Co., Ltd. Diamond with eighty-one facets having a ten hearts and ten arrows inner structure and a cutting method thereof
USD901324S1 (en) 2015-04-22 2020-11-10 Shenzhen Perfect Love Diamond Co., Ltd. Diamond with eighty-one facets
US9462859B2 (en) 2013-09-16 2016-10-11 John William Disinger Light emitting jewelry
US20160166021A1 (en) * 2014-12-11 2016-06-16 Hasenfeld-Stein, Inc. Round cut gemstone exhibiting excellent optical brilliance
CN104983145A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-10-21 通灵珠宝股份有限公司 Circularly-carved heart-shaped image diamond with eighty-nine facets
CN105077866A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-11-25 张坤芝 Diamond with ten-heart and ten-arrow structure inside and 101 facets and processing method of diamond
CN105708060B (en) * 2016-01-29 2018-08-07 张坤芝 The diamond of ten disloyalty, 12 arrow effect is presented in inside
SG10201609133UA (en) * 2016-11-01 2018-06-28 Vets Joachim Gemstone having hearts and arrows pattern and method of cutting the same
USD831528S1 (en) * 2017-03-06 2018-10-23 Vega Jeweldiam Pvt. Ltd Gemstone
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USD746169S1 (en) 2014-10-31 2015-12-29 Leon Mege Inc. Gemstone
US9943144B2 (en) 2014-10-31 2018-04-17 Leon Mege Inc. Step-cut gemstone

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CN102078054A (en) 2011-06-01
EP2329739A8 (en) 2013-05-15
US8769987B2 (en) 2014-07-08
SG171570A1 (en) 2011-06-29
EP2329739B1 (en) 2013-09-25
CN102078054B (en) 2015-05-20
US20110146349A1 (en) 2011-06-23
MY165879A (en) 2018-05-18
EP2329739A3 (en) 2012-07-11
HK1158034A1 (en) 2012-07-13
EP2329739A2 (en) 2011-06-08

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