US20140277386A1 - Braided flow diverter using flat-round technology - Google Patents

Braided flow diverter using flat-round technology Download PDF

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Publication number
US20140277386A1
US20140277386A1 US13/802,225 US201313802225A US2014277386A1 US 20140277386 A1 US20140277386 A1 US 20140277386A1 US 201313802225 A US201313802225 A US 201313802225A US 2014277386 A1 US2014277386 A1 US 2014277386A1
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plurality
generally tubular
elongate members
flow diverting
diverting stent
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Abandoned
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US13/802,225
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Robert Slazas
Juan A. Lorenzo
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DePuy Synthes Products Inc
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DePuy Synthes Products Inc
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Priority to US13/802,225 priority Critical patent/US20140277386A1/en
Assigned to DePuy Synthes Products, LLC reassignment DePuy Synthes Products, LLC ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: LORENZO, JUAN A., SLAZAS, ROBERT
Publication of US20140277386A1 publication Critical patent/US20140277386A1/en
Assigned to DePuy Synthes Products, Inc. reassignment DePuy Synthes Products, Inc. CHANGE OF NAME (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: DePuy Synthes Products, LLC
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/82Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/86Stents in a form characterised by the wire-like elements; Stents in the form characterised by a net-like or mesh-like structure
    • A61F2/88Stents in a form characterised by the wire-like elements; Stents in the form characterised by a net-like or mesh-like structure the wire-like elements formed as helical or spiral coils
    • A61F2/885Stents in a form characterised by the wire-like elements; Stents in the form characterised by a net-like or mesh-like structure the wire-like elements formed as helical or spiral coils comprising a coil including a plurality of spiral or helical sections with alternate directions around a central axis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B90/00Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups A61B1/00 - A61B50/00, e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges
    • A61B90/39Markers, e.g. radio-opaque or breast lesions markers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/82Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/86Stents in a form characterised by the wire-like elements; Stents in the form characterised by a net-like or mesh-like structure
    • A61F2/88Stents in a form characterised by the wire-like elements; Stents in the form characterised by a net-like or mesh-like structure the wire-like elements formed as helical or spiral coils
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/82Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/86Stents in a form characterised by the wire-like elements; Stents in the form characterised by a net-like or mesh-like structure
    • A61F2/90Stents in a form characterised by the wire-like elements; Stents in the form characterised by a net-like or mesh-like structure characterised by a net-like or mesh-like structure
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04CBRAIDING OR MANUFACTURE OF LACE, INCLUDING BOBBIN-NET OR CARBONISED LACE; BRAIDING MACHINES; BRAID; LACE
    • D04C1/00Braid or lace, e.g. pillow-lace; Processes for the manufacture thereof
    • D04C1/06Braid or lace serving particular purposes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B90/00Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups A61B1/00 - A61B50/00, e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges
    • A61B90/39Markers, e.g. radio-opaque or breast lesions markers
    • A61B2090/3966Radiopaque markers visible in an X-ray image
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/82Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2002/823Stents, different from stent-grafts, adapted to cover an aneurysm
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2230/00Geometry of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2230/0002Two-dimensional shapes, e.g. cross-sections
    • A61F2230/0004Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners
    • A61F2230/0006Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners circular
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2230/00Geometry of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2230/0002Two-dimensional shapes, e.g. cross-sections
    • A61F2230/0004Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners
    • A61F2230/0008Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners elliptical or oval
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2230/00Geometry of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2230/0002Two-dimensional shapes, e.g. cross-sections
    • A61F2230/0017Angular shapes
    • A61F2230/0019Angular shapes rectangular
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2250/00Special features of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2250/0014Special features of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof having different values of a given property or geometrical feature, e.g. mechanical property or material property, at different locations within the same prosthesis
    • A61F2250/0028Special features of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof having different values of a given property or geometrical feature, e.g. mechanical property or material property, at different locations within the same prosthesis differing in fibre orientations
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2250/00Special features of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2250/0014Special features of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof having different values of a given property or geometrical feature, e.g. mechanical property or material property, at different locations within the same prosthesis
    • A61F2250/0036Special features of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof having different values of a given property or geometrical feature, e.g. mechanical property or material property, at different locations within the same prosthesis differing in thickness
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2509/00Medical; Hygiene
    • D10B2509/06Vascular grafts; stents

Abstract

A generally tubular braided flow diverting stent is formed of alternating round and rectangular elongated members, for treatment of aneurysms. The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent maintains a significant wall thickness while increasing area coverage of a vessel wall. Sliding of the round elongated members over the rectangular elongated members allows the stent to be crimped to very low diameters for delivery in narrow portions of the vasculature.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • This invention relates generally to a vascular implant that can be used for treatment of aneurysms, and more particularly concerns a braided flow diverter using flat-round technology to divert flow away from an entrance or neck of an intracranial aneurysm or to define a new luminal flow path through a fusiform aneurysm, as an alternative or supplement to delivery of an embolic coil within such an aneurysm.
  • Braided stents are typically formed from a plurality of elongate members, such as two or more metal wires, or polymeric fibers or strands of material, for example, and can be very useful in treatment of neurovascular defects. Braided flow diverting stents are commonly constructed from round wires. While the use of round wires in forming such braided flow diverting stents typically provide a maximal wall-thickness for their construction, the amount of vessel area coverage provided by such braided flow diverting stents is not maximized. Braided stents constructed of all rectangular cross-section wires can maximize vessel wall area coverage, but minimize wall thickness. Braided stents made of all rectangular cross-section wires also typically have a more limiting minimum crimped diameter for delivery than a comparable braided flow diverting stent constructed from round wires, since rectangular cross-section wires typically slide less easily past each other than comparable round wires.
  • It would be desirable to provide a braided flow diverting stent with an improved overall combination of axial flow disruption characteristics, wall coverage and wall thickness, compared to a braided flow diverting stent formed of all rectangular cross-section wires or formed of all round wires. It also would be desirable to provide a braided flow diverting stent that can be crimped to minimum crimped diameters for delivery, comparable to that achievable with braided flow diverting stents constructed from round wires. The present invention meets these and other needs.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • Briefly and in general terms, the present invention provides for a generally tubular braided flow diverting stent formed of alternating round and rectangular elongated members, for treatment of aneurysms. The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent can be utilized to redirect blood flow away from a neck of an intracranial aneurysm, or to define a new luminal flow path through a fusiform aneurysm. The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent maintains a significant wall thickness while increasing area coverage of a vessel wall. The sliding of round elongated members over rectangular elongated members also provides very low crimped diameters to allow delivery of the braided flow diverting stent in narrow portions of the vasculature. Total wall thickness is reduced compared to a braided stent having a similar vessel wall coverage using only round wires. Axial flow disruption is improved compared to a braid of similar vessel wall coverage using only flat wires.
  • The present invention accordingly provides for a generally tubular braided flow diverting stent for treatment of aneurysms, including one or more first elongate members having a substantially round cross-sectional shape and helically wound in a first helical direction in a generally tubular shape, and one or more second elongate members having a substantially flat radially outer surface and helically wound in a second helical direction counter to the first helical direction and braided with the one or more first elongate members in the generally tubular shape. In a presently preferred aspect, the one or more first elongate members have a substantially circular cross-sectional shape. In another presently preferred aspect, the one or more second elongate members have a cross-sectional thickness in a first direction and a cross-sectional thickness in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction that is substantially greater than the cross-sectional thickness in the first direction. In another presently preferred aspect, the one or more second elongate members have a rectangular cross-sectional shape. In another presently preferred aspect, a plurality of first elongate members are provided, such as a plurality of first wires, for example, and a plurality of second elongate members are provided, such as a plurality of second wires.
  • In another presently preferred aspect, the one or more first elongate members and the one or more second elongate members may be formed of a material such as stainless steel, nickel-titanium alloy, tantalum, cobalt-chromium alloy, platinum, or combinations thereof. In another presently preferred aspect, at least a portion of the plurality of first elongate members is formed of a bioabsorbable material. In another presently preferred aspect, at least a portion of the plurality of second elongate members comprises a bioabsorbable material. In another presently preferred aspect, at least a portion of the one or more first elongate members and the one or more second elongate members may be formed of a bioabsorbable material such as poly(D,L-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid), polycaprolactone, magnesium, or combinations thereof. In another presently preferred aspect, some of the first and second elongate members optionally may be made of a radio-opaque material to facilitate guidance under imaging methods like fluoroscopy.
  • In another embodiment, the present invention provides for a generally tubular braided flow diverting stent for treatment of aneurysms, including a plurality of first elongate members having a substantially round cross-sectional shape and helically wound in a first helical direction in a generally tubular shape, a plurality of second elongate members having a substantially flat radially outer surface and helically wound in the first helical direction in the generally tubular shape alternatingly between the plurality of first elongate members, respectively, a plurality of third elongate members having a substantially round cross-sectional shape and helically wound in a second helical direction counter to the first helical direction and braided with the plurality of first elongate members and the plurality of second elongate members in the generally tubular shape, and a plurality of fourth elongate members having a substantially flat radially outer surface and helically wound in a second helical direction counter to the first helical direction and braided with the plurality of first elongate members and the plurality of second elongate members in the generally tubular shape alternatingly between the plurality of third elongate members.
  • In a presently preferred aspect, the plurality of first elongate members and the plurality of third elongate members each have a substantially circular cross-sectional shape. In another presently preferred aspect, the plurality of second elongate members and the plurality of fourth elongate members each have a cross-sectional thickness in a first direction and a cross-sectional thickness in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction substantially greater than the cross-sectional thickness in the first direction. In another presently preferred aspect, the plurality of second elongate members and the plurality of fourth elongate members each have a rectangular cross-sectional shape.
  • In another presently preferred aspect, the pluralities of first, second, third and fourth elongate members may be formed of stainless steel, nickel-titanium alloy, tantalum, cobalt-chromium alloy, platinum, or combinations thereof. In another presently preferred aspect, at least a portion of the pluralities of first, second, third and fourth elongate members may be formed of a bioabsorbable material selected from the group consisting of poly(D,L-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid), polycaprolactone, magnesium, or combinations thereof. In another presently preferred aspect, some of the first, second, third and fourth elongate members optionally may be made of a radio-opaque material to facilitate guidance under imaging methods like fluoroscopy.
  • Other features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description of the preferred embodiments in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, which illustrate, by way of example, the operation of the invention.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional elevational schematic diagram of a first embodiment of a braided flow diverting stent according to the invention.
  • FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional elevational schematic diagram of a second embodiment of a braided flow diverting stent according to the invention.
  • FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 3-3 of FIG. 1.
  • FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 4-4 of FIG. 1.
  • FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 5-5 of FIG. 1.
  • FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view similar to FIG. 5 of an exemplary braided flow diverting stent constructed substantially only from round wires for purposes of comparison.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • Referring to the drawings, which are provided by way of example, and not by way of limitation, in a first embodiment, illustrated in FIG. 1, the present invention provides for a generally tubular braided flow diverting stent 10 for treatment of aneurysms, having a proximal end 12, a distal end 14, and an inner lumen (not shown). The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent is preferably formed from a plurality of elongate members, is typically formed from two or more metal wires, or polymeric fibers or strands of material, for example. In a presently preferred aspect, the tubular braided stent optionally may be a self-expanding stent, formed to have a compressed configuration and an expanded configuration. In another presently preferred aspect, the tubular braided stent optionally may be formed of a shape memory material such as a nickel-titanium alloy, for example, having a shape memory position in the expanded configuration. For example, the tubular braided stent may be appropriately heat treated so that the tubular braided stent forms in the desired shape of the expanded shape memory position.
  • The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent includes one or more first elongate members 18 helically wound in a first helical direction in a generally tubular shape, and one or more second elongate members 20, helically wound in a second helical direction counter to the first helical direction and braided with the one or more first elongate members in the generally tubular shape.
  • Referring to FIG. 4, the one or more first elongate members preferably have a substantially round cross-sectional shape, such as a substantially circular cross-sectional shape, for example, although the one or more first elongate members may optionally have a substantially oval cross-sectional shape. The one or more first elongate members preferably also are formed of a plurality of first elongate members, such as a plurality of first wires, for example. As is illustrated in FIG. 1, the generally tubular braided flow diverting stent can be formed with round wires wound helically in a right handed helical direction, and rectangular wires wound helically in a left handed helical direction.
  • Referring to FIG. 3, the one or more second elongate members preferably have a substantially flat radially outer surface. In another presently preferred aspect, the one or more second elongate members typically have a cross-sectional height or thickness H in a first direction and a cross-sectional width or thickness W in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction substantially greater than the cross-sectional height or thickness in the first direction, and typically have a generally rectangular or flattened aspect, for example. The one or more second elongate members preferably also are formed of a plurality of second elongate members, such as a plurality of second wires, for example. The one or more first elongate members and the one or more second elongate members are preferably formed of a material such as stainless steel, nickel-titanium alloy, tantalum, cobalt-chromium alloy, platinum, or the like, or of a polymer, such as a shape memory polymer, or a bioabsorbable material such as poly(D,L-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (PGLA), polycaprolactone (PCL), or the like, or combinations thereof. In a presently preferred aspect, some or all of the elongated members used are composed of a bioabsorbable material. In another presently preferred aspect, some or all of the elongate members optionally may be made of a radio-opaque material to facilitate guidance under imaging methods like fluoroscopy.
  • Referring to FIGS. 5 and 6, the total wall thickness of a generally tubular braided flow diverting stent according to the invention formed utilizing one or more first elongate members having a substantially round cross-sectional shape, and one or more second elongate members having a substantially flat radially outer surface, illustrated in FIG. 5, is reduced compared to a buildup of thickness of the wall of a generally tubular braided flow diverting stent, having a similar vessel wall coverage and formed of all round wires, illustrated in FIG. 6.
  • In the method of making the generally tubular braided flow diverting stent of the first embodiment, a braider machine can be loaded with bobbins of round wire in all right handed helical locations, and rectangular wire in all left handed helical locations. Conversely, a braider machine can be loaded with bobbins of round wire in all left handed helical locations, and rectangular wire in all right handed helical locations, for example.
  • In a second embodiment, illustrated in FIG. 2, in which like elements are indicated by like reference numbers, the present invention provides for a generally tubular braided flow diverting stent 30 for treatment of aneurysms. The tubular braided flow diverting stent has a proximal end 32, a distal end 34, and an inner lumen (not shown), and is preferably formed from a plurality of elongate members, typically formed from two or more metal wires, or polymeric fibers or strands of material, for example. In one presently preferred aspect, the tubular braided stent optionally may be a self-expanding stent, formed to have a compressed configuration and an expanded configuration. The tubular braided flow diverting stent can be formed of a shape memory material such as a nickel-titanium alloy, for example, having a shape memory position in the expanded configuration. For example, the tubular braided flow diverting stent may be appropriately heat treated so that the tubular braided flow diverting stent forms in the desired shape of the expanded shape memory position.
  • The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent of the second embodiment preferably includes a plurality of first elongate members 38 helically wound in a first helical direction in a generally tubular shape, a plurality of second elongate members 40 helically wound in the first helical direction in the generally tubular shape alternatingly between the plurality of first elongate members, a plurality of third elongate members 42 helically wound in a second helical direction counter to the first helical direction and braided with the plurality of first elongate members and the plurality of second elongate members in the generally tubular shape, and a plurality of fourth elongate members 44 helically wound in a second helical direction counter to the first helical direction and braided with the plurality of first elongate members and the plurality of second elongate members in the generally tubular shape alternatingly between the plurality of third elongate members. For example, as is illustrated in FIG. 2, the generally tubular braided flow diverting stent can be formed with alternating round wires and rectangular wires wound helically in both right handed and left handed helical directions.
  • Referring to FIG. 4, the plurality of first elongate members preferably have a substantially round cross-sectional shape, such as a substantially circular cross-sectional shape, for example, although the one or more first elongate members may optionally have a substantially oval cross-sectional shape, and can be formed by a plurality of first wires, for example.
  • Referring to FIG. 3, the plurality of second elongate members preferably have a substantially flat radially outer surface. In another presently preferred aspect, the one or more second elongate members typically have a cross-sectional height or thickness H in a first direction and a cross-sectional width or thickness W in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction substantially greater than the cross-sectional height or thickness in the first direction, and typically have a generally rectangular or flattened aspect, and can be formed by a plurality of wires, for example.
  • Referring to FIG. 4, the plurality of third elongate members preferably have a substantially round cross-sectional shape, such as a substantially circular cross-sectional shape, for example, although the one or more first elongate members may optionally have a substantially oval cross-sectional shape, and can be formed by a plurality of wires, for example.
  • Referring to FIG. 3, the plurality of fourth elongate members preferably have a substantially flat radially outer surface. In another presently preferred aspect, the one or more fourth elongate members typically have a cross-sectional height or thickness H in a first direction and a cross-sectional width or thickness W in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction substantially greater than the cross-sectional height or thickness in the first direction, and typically have a generally rectangular or flattened aspect, and can be formed by a plurality of wires, for example.
  • The pluralities of first, second, third and fourth elongate members are preferably formed of a material selected from the group consisting of stainless steel, nickel-titanium alloy, tantalum, cobalt-chromium alloy, platinum, and the like, or of a polymer, such as a shape memory polymer, or a bioabsorbable material such as poly(D,L-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (PGLA), polycaprolactone (PCL), or the like, and combinations thereof. In a presently preferred aspect, some or all of the elongated members used are composed of a bioabsorbable material. In another presently preferred aspect, some or all of the elongate members optionally may be made of a radio-opaque material to facilitate guidance under imaging methods like fluoroscopy.
  • In the method of making the generally tubular braided flow diverting stent of the second embodiment, a braider machine can be loaded with alternating bobbins of round and rectangular wire in both the right handed and left handed helical locations.
  • It will be apparent from the foregoing that while particular forms of the invention have been illustrated and described, various modifications can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Accordingly, it is not intended that the invention be limited, except as by the appended claims.

Claims (23)

What is claimed is:
1. A generally tubular braided flow diverting stent for treatment of aneurysms, comprising:
at least one first elongate member helically wound in a first helical direction in a generally tubular shape, said at least one first elongate member having a substantially round cross-sectional shape; and
at least one second elongate member helically wound in a second helical direction counter to said first helical direction and braided with said at least one first elongate member in said generally tubular shape, said at least one second elongate member having a substantially flat radially outer surface.
2. The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent of claim 1, wherein said at least one first elongate member has a substantially circular cross-sectional shape.
3. The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent of claim 1, wherein said at least one first elongate member comprises a plurality of first elongate members.
4. The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent of claim 1, wherein said at least one first elongate member comprises a plurality of first wires.
5. The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent of claim 1, wherein said at least one second elongate member has a cross-sectional thickness in a first direction and a cross-sectional thickness in a second direction perpendicular to said first direction substantially greater than said cross-sectional thickness in said first direction.
6. The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent of claim 1, wherein said at least one second elongate member has a rectangular cross-sectional shape.
7. The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent of claim 1, wherein said at least one second elongate member comprises a plurality of second elongate members.
8. The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent of claim 1, wherein said at least one second elongate member comprises a plurality of second wires.
9. The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent of claim 1, wherein said at least one first elongate member is formed of a material selected from the group consisting of stainless steel, nickel-titanium alloy, tantalum, cobalt-chromium alloy, platinum, and combinations thereof.
10. The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent of claim 1, wherein said at least one first elongate member is formed of a bioabsorbable material selected from the group consisting of poly(D,L-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid), polycaprolactone, magnesium, and combinations thereof.
11. The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent of claim 1, wherein said at least one second elongate member is formed of a material selected from the group consisting of stainless steel, nickel-titanium alloy, tantalum, cobalt-chromium alloy, platinum, and combinations thereof.
12. The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent of claim 1, wherein said at least one second elongate member is formed of a bioabsorbable material selected from the group consisting of poly(D,L-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid), polycaprolactone, magnesium, and combinations thereof.
13. The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent of claim 3, wherein at least a portion of said plurality of first elongate members comprises a bioabsorbable material.
14. The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent of claim 7, wherein at least a portion of said plurality of second elongate members comprises a bioabsorbable material.
15. The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent of claim 1, wherein said at least one first elongate member is formed of a radio-opaque material.
16. The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent of claim 1, wherein said at least one second elongate member is formed of a radio-opaque material.
17. A generally tubular braided flow diverting stent for treatment of aneurysms, comprising:
a plurality of first elongate members helically wound in a first helical direction in a generally tubular shape, said plurality of first elongate members having a substantially round cross-sectional shape;
a plurality of second elongate members helically wound in said first helical direction in said generally tubular shape alternatingly between said plurality of first elongate members, respectively, said plurality of second elongate members having a substantially flat radially outer surface;
a plurality of third elongate members helically wound in a second helical direction counter to said first helical direction and braided with said plurality of first elongate members and said plurality of second elongate members in said generally tubular shape, said plurality of third elongate members having a substantially round cross-sectional shape; and
a plurality of fourth elongate members helically wound in a second helical direction counter to said first helical direction and braided with said plurality of first elongate members and said plurality of second elongate members in said generally tubular shape alternatingly between said plurality of third elongate members, said plurality of fourth elongate members having a substantially flat radially outer surface.
18. The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent of claim 17, wherein said plurality of first elongate members and said plurality of third elongate members each have a substantially circular cross-sectional shape.
19. The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent of claim 17, wherein said plurality of second elongate members and said plurality of fourth elongate members each have a cross-sectional thickness in a first direction and a cross-sectional thickness in a second direction perpendicular to said first direction substantially greater than said cross-sectional thickness in said first direction.
20. The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent of claim 17, wherein said plurality of second elongate members and said plurality of fourth elongate members each have a rectangular cross-sectional shape.
21. The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent of claim 17, wherein said pluralities of first, second, third and fourth elongate members are formed of a material selected from the group consisting of stainless steel, nickel-titanium alloy, tantalum, cobalt-chromium alloy, platinum, and combinations thereof.
22. The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent of claim 17, wherein at least a portion of said pluralities of first, second, third and fourth elongate members are formed of a bioabsorbable material selected from the group consisting of poly(D,L-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid), polycaprolactone, magnesium, and combinations thereof.
23. The generally tubular braided flow diverting stent of claim 17, wherein at least a portion of said pluralities of first, second, third and fourth elongate members are formed of a radio-opaque material.
US13/802,225 2013-03-13 2013-03-13 Braided flow diverter using flat-round technology Abandoned US20140277386A1 (en)

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US13/802,225 US20140277386A1 (en) 2013-03-13 2013-03-13 Braided flow diverter using flat-round technology
IN463/DEL/2014A IN2014DE00463A (en) 2013-03-13 2014-02-18 Braided flow diverter using flat-round technology
CA2843912A CA2843912A1 (en) 2013-03-13 2014-02-26 Braided flow diverter using flat-round technology
AU2014201192A AU2014201192A1 (en) 2013-03-13 2014-03-05 Braided flow diverter using flat-round technology
KR1020140026442A KR20140112403A (en) 2013-03-13 2014-03-06 Braided flow diverter using flat-round technology
EP14159051.3A EP2777641B1 (en) 2013-03-13 2014-03-12 Braided flow diverter using flat-round technology
JP2014048626A JP6444602B2 (en) 2013-03-13 2014-03-12 Braided flow diverter using flat-round technology
DK14159051.3T DK2777641T3 (en) 2013-03-13 2014-03-12 Braided power inverter with flat-round technology
CN201410091592.2A CN104042297A (en) 2013-03-13 2014-03-13 Braided flow diverter using flat-round technology
BR102014005968A BR102014005968A2 (en) 2013-03-13 2014-03-13 braided flow diverter utilizing flat-rounded technology
US14/754,125 US20150297374A1 (en) 2013-03-13 2015-06-29 Braided flow diverter using flat-round technology
AU2018226374A AU2018226374A1 (en) 2013-03-13 2018-09-03 Braided flow diverter using flat-round technology

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EP2777641A1 (en) 2014-09-17
CA2843912A1 (en) 2014-09-13
JP2014176656A (en) 2014-09-25
JP6444602B2 (en) 2018-12-26
US20150297374A1 (en) 2015-10-22
AU2014201192A1 (en) 2014-10-02
BR102014005968A2 (en) 2015-10-06
AU2018226374A1 (en) 2018-09-27
EP2777641B1 (en) 2017-08-02
IN2014DE00463A (en) 2015-06-12

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