US20120005994A1 - Thermoformed package with tamper evident seal - Google Patents

Thermoformed package with tamper evident seal Download PDF

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Publication number
US20120005994A1
US20120005994A1 US12833306 US83330610A US2012005994A1 US 20120005994 A1 US20120005994 A1 US 20120005994A1 US 12833306 US12833306 US 12833306 US 83330610 A US83330610 A US 83330610A US 2012005994 A1 US2012005994 A1 US 2012005994A1
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US
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
package
part
double
flange
channel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US12833306
Inventor
Martin O. Tidball
Jonathan C. Hansen
Gordon L. Beach
George E. Raimer
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Display Pack Inc
Original Assignee
Display Pack Inc
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Publication date

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D43/00Lids or covers for rigid or semi-rigid containers
    • B65D43/14Non-removable lids or covers
    • B65D43/16Non-removable lids or covers hinged for upward or downward movement
    • B65D43/162Non-removable lids or covers hinged for upward or downward movement the container, the lid and the hinge being made of one piece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D21/00Nestable, stackable or joinable containers; Containers of variable capacity
    • B65D21/02Containers specially shaped, or provided with fittings or attachments, to facilitate nesting, stacking, or joining together
    • B65D21/0233Nestable containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2101/00Tamper-indicating means
    • B65D2101/0023Tearable part of the closure
    • B65D2101/0038Non-metallic tear-off strips
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2313/00Connecting or fastening means
    • B65D2313/08Double sided adhesive tape, e.g. for suspension of the container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2543/00Lids or covers essentially for box-like containers
    • B65D2543/00009Details of lids or covers for rigid or semi-rigid containers
    • B65D2543/00018Overall construction of the lid
    • B65D2543/00064Shape of the outer periphery
    • B65D2543/0012Shape of the outer periphery having straight sides, e.g. with curved corners
    • B65D2543/00175Shape of the outer periphery having straight sides, e.g. with curved corners four straight sides, e.g. trapezium or diamond
    • B65D2543/00194Shape of the outer periphery having straight sides, e.g. with curved corners four straight sides, e.g. trapezium or diamond square or rectangular
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2543/00Lids or covers essentially for box-like containers
    • B65D2543/00009Details of lids or covers for rigid or semi-rigid containers
    • B65D2543/00018Overall construction of the lid
    • B65D2543/00259Materials used
    • B65D2543/00296Plastic
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2543/00Lids or covers essentially for box-like containers
    • B65D2543/00009Details of lids or covers for rigid or semi-rigid containers
    • B65D2543/00342Central part of the lid
    • B65D2543/00351Dome-like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2543/00Lids or covers essentially for box-like containers
    • B65D2543/00009Details of lids or covers for rigid or semi-rigid containers
    • B65D2543/00342Central part of the lid
    • B65D2543/00398Reinforcing ribs in the central part of the closure
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2543/00Lids or covers essentially for box-like containers
    • B65D2543/00009Details of lids or covers for rigid or semi-rigid containers
    • B65D2543/00444Contact between the container and the lid
    • B65D2543/00481Contact between the container and the lid on the inside or the outside of the container
    • B65D2543/00555Contact between the container and the lid on the inside or the outside of the container on both the inside and the outside

Abstract

A thermoformed clamshell package with a pair of closing flanges and a double-sided adhesive for joining the closing flanges to seal the package. The package includes a carrier flange that carries the double-sided adhesive prior to sealing and a sealing flange that is brought into contact with the double-sided adhesive to seal the package. The package may include a frangible portion in the flange region for gaining access to the contents of the package after it has been sealed without breaking the adhesive seal created by the double-sided adhesive. The carrier flange may include a channel for seating the double-sided adhesive and for denesting adjacent packages when nested together for shipping and/or storage. The package may include one or more display strips disposed in the flange region. The present invention also provides a method for packaging articles in a package with a tamper-evident seal, and a method for manufacturing a package with a tamper-evident seal.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to packaging and more particularly to thermoformed packages with tamper evident seals.
  • Thermoformed packages are used in a wide variety of applications. Typical thermoformed packages are relatively inexpensive to manufacture and provide sturdy, aesthetically pleasing packaging. Also, thermoformed packages are typically transparent, thereby allowing consumers to visually inspect the packaged goods. This makes thermoformed packages particularly well suited for use in point of sale packaging. Thermoformed packages are often manufactured from a clamshell with top and bottom parts that are joined by a hinge. This keeps the top and bottom parts together facilitating manufacture and packaging, and making it easier for consumers to repeatedly open and close the package.
  • Thermoformed packages are often sealed around the peripheral edges to prevent access to the package. In clamshell packages, the seal may be formed only along the edge opposite the hinge. This can help to reduce theft and damage to the packaged goods. Although providing a level of security, these seals are often essentially permanent and can make it difficult for the end consumer to open the package. To address this issue, thermoformed packages have been provided with tear strips and/or removable components that allow access to the contents of the package without requiring that the permanent seal be broken. Tear strips and removable components can provide the added benefit of providing a tamper-evident seal. For example, a cu
  • A variety of thermoformed packages with tamper evident seals are available in the market. In one conventional construction, a clamshell package includes top and bottom parts that are joined along a hinge. The package is sealed by forming a permanent seal that joins the top part to the bottom part along the edge opposite the hinge. The permanent seal may be formed by ultrasonic welding, heat staking or stitch welding. The package includes a tear strip that can be pulled up through a perforation line in the top part to create a break that allows the package to be opened without separating the permanent seal. This package has a variety of benefits, but suffers in that the equipment required to create the permanent seal is expensive and the process of feeding packages through sealing equipment after filling is time consuming and labor intensive. These issues make it a practical impossibility for many small to medium sized companies to use this type of packaging because they cannot afford to obtain, maintain and operate the necessary sealing equipment.
  • Accordingly, there is a longfelt and unmet need for a tamper-evident package that is simple and effective, and that can be used by those that cannot afford expensive sealing equipment.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The aforementioned problems are overcome by the present invention wherein a thermoformed clamshell package is provided with a pair of closing flanges and a double-sided adhesive for joining the closing flanges to seal the package. In one embodiment, the package includes a carrier flange that carries the double-sided adhesive prior to sealing and a sealing flange that is brought into contact with the double-sided adhesive to seal the package. In one embodiment, the double-sided adhesive is double-sided tape disposed along the carrier flange of the package. The double-sided tape may have sufficient adhesive strength to make it unlikely for the closing flanges to be separated from one another without causing damage that is evident through visual inspection of the package.
  • In one embodiment, the closing flanges may include a frangible portion for gaining access to the contents of the package after it has been sealed. The frangible portion may be defined by perforations in one or both of the closing flanges. In one embodiment, the frangible portion is defined by a pair of perforations extending along one of the closing flanges inwardly from the adhesive seal. In this embodiment, the region contained between the perforations may be removed to allow the package to be opened. In another embodiment, perforations may be formed in both closing flanges inwardly from the adhesive seal. In this embodiment, the edge of both closing flanges may be removed together to allow the package to be opened.
  • In one embodiment, the carrier flange includes a channel for seating the double-sided adhesive. The channel may be of sufficient depth to fully recess the double-sided adhesive. The sealing flange may also include a channel that is configured to fit inside the channel of the carrier flange during sealing.
  • In one embodiment, the package includes a display strip disposed in the flange region. In one embodiment, the display strip is adhesively secured to a surface of either the carrier flange or the sealing flange. In one embodiment, the package includes two display strips that cooperatively provide hidden content that becomes accessible after the package is opened. For example, a first display strip may be disposed along the frangible portion so that it is removed with the frangible portion. A second display strip may be disposed on the opposite flange. The second display strip may include content on the surface facing the first display strip. In use, the content is hidden when the package is sealed and only becomes visible again when the frangible portion (and consequently the first display strip) is removed.
  • The present invention also provides method for packaging articles in a package with a tamper-evident seal. The method includes the general steps of: (a) producing a thermoformed package with a carrier flange and a sealing flange, (b) applying a double-sided tape to the carrier flange, (c) removing the release liner from the double-sided tape to expose the free side of the double-sided tape, (d) filling the package with the desired contents and (e) closing the package by bringing the sealing flange into contact with the free side of the double-sided tape. The method may also include the steps of: (a) providing the package with a denesting feature, and (b) nesting the open packages in a shipping container after the release liner has been removed with the denesting features maintaining separation between the exposed double-sided tape and the adjacent nested package. In one embodiment, the step of providing the package with a denesting feature is further defined as forming a channel in the carrier flange and the step of applying the double-sided tape is further defined as applying the double-sided tape to the carrier flange within the channel.
  • The present invention also provides a method for manufacturing a package with a tamper-evident seal. The method may includes the general steps of: (a) forming a package having an adhesive channel on the sealing flange; (b) providing a double-sided tape with an adhesive portion that is narrower than the channel and a release liner that is wider than the channel; (c) applying the double-sided tape to the carrier flange within the adhesive channel by pressing the double-sided tape into the adhesive channel, wherein the release liner engages the walls of the adhesive channel and is retained outside the channel; and (d) removing the release liner from the double-sided tape. The double-sided tape may be pressed into the channel with a roller having a width substantially lesser than the width of the channel to allow the release liner to bow outside the width of the roller. The method may further include the step of supporting the package on a shoe having an alignment channel that closely receives the adhesive channel to assist in aligning the double-sided tape with the adhesive channel.
  • The present invention provides a simple and effective tamper-evident seal that can be used without expensive sealing equipment and without specially trained equipment operators. The use of double-sided adhesive allows the package to be securely sealed with minimal effort and limited expertise. The package can be provided with or without a release liner on the double-sided adhesive. When the release liner is removed before the packages are shipped from the manufacturing facility, the packaging of goods can be even easy because the release liner does not need to be removed and there is no need to deal with scrap release liner at the point of packaging. This can be particularly beneficial when packaging fresh fruit and vegetables in the field where dealing with scrap release liner can be particularly burdensome. In applications in which the package will be provided without a release liner, the package can be provided with denesting lugs that help to reduce the possibility of the exposed adhesive causing adjacent packages to stick together. In some applications, the package may include an adhesive channel that can help to protect adjacent packages from sticking together when nested for shipping and storage, and may also be helpful in aligning the double-sided adhesive and package during manufacture.
  • These and other objects, advantages, and features of the invention will be more fully understood and appreciated by reference to the description of the current embodiment and the drawings.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a thermoformed clamshell package in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the thermoformed clamshell package with the frangible portion almost completely removed.
  • FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the thermoformed clamshell package in the open configuration.
  • FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the thermoformed clamshell package in the open configuration showing the release liner being removed.
  • FIG. 5 is a top plan view of the package in the open configuration.
  • FIG. 6 is a side view of the package in the open configuration.
  • FIG. 7 is a side view of the package in the closed configuration.
  • FIG. 8A is an enlarged view of the carrier flange showing the double-sided adhesive and release liner.
  • FIG. 8B is an enlarged view of Area VIIIB of FIG. 7.
  • FIG. 9 is a sectional view of a plurality of nested packages.
  • FIG. 10 is an enlarged view of Area X of FIG. 9.
  • FIGS. 11A-J are representational views of a variety of alternative closing flange configurations.
  • FIG. 12 is a perspective view of an alternative embodiment of the present invention with an alternative perforation arrangement.
  • FIG. 13 is a perspective view of the alternative embodiment of FIG. 12 showing the frangible portion being removed.
  • FIG. 14 is a representational view of the flange region of the alternative embodiment of FIG. 12.
  • FIG. 15 is a representational view of an alternative embodiment of the present invention including channeled flanges.
  • FIG. 16 is an exploded representational view showing a channeled flange and components of the tape applicator station.
  • FIG. 17 is a representational view showing application of double-sided adhesive to a package using the tape applicator station of FIG. 16.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE CURRENT EMBODIMENT
  • A thermoformed package in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention is shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. The package 10 of this embodiment is a clamshell package having a top part 12 and a bottom part 14 joined along a living hinge 16 that allows the package 10 to be easily opened and closed. The free edge of the top part 12 includes a sealing flange 18 and the free edge of the bottom part 14 includes a carrier flange 20. The package 10 is configured so that the sealing flange 18 and the carrier flange 20 come together when the package 10 is closed. A double-sided adhesive 22 is disposed on the carrier flange 20 to provide a mechanism for selectively joining the sealing flange 18 to the carrier flange 20 to seal the package 10. The double-sided adhesive 22 of this embodiment has sufficient adhesive strength to make it difficult for the sealed flanges to be separated from one another without causing damage that is evident through visual inspection of the package 10. The double-sided adhesive 22 may be a double-sided tape with one side secured to the carrier flange 20. The exposed side of the double-sided tape 22 can be covered by a release liner 80 prior to packaging. The sealing flange 18 includes a frangible portion 24 that can be removed to allow the package to be opened after it has been sealed. Once removed, the frangible portion 24 separates the top part 12 from the sealed flanges, thereby allowing the top part 12 to open without the need to break the adhesive seal.
  • The illustrated package 10 is designed to hold and display articles at the point of sale. For example, the package 10 is well-suited for use in packaging consumer goods that might benefit from a tamper-evident seal, but do not necessarily require a tamper-proof seal, such as bakery goods, fresh fruits and fresh vegetables. The present invention is not, however, limited to point-of-sale packaging and may instead be used in essentially any packaging application. Although the present invention is described in connection with a clamshell package, it may be incorporated into other types of thermoformed packages. For example, the present invention may be incorporated into a package with separate top and bottom parts. In packages with separate top and bottom parts, at least one edge of the package is sealed by a double-sided adhesive. Any other edges that are to be sealed may be sealed by double-sided adhesive or by other sealing methods, such as RF sealing, ultrasonic welding, heat staking and stitch welding. The package 10 shown in the drawings is merely exemplary and the package can be virtually any desired size and shape depending on the article to be packaged and on aesthetic considerations.
  • Directional terms, such as “vertical,” “horizontal,” “top,” “bottom,” “upper,” “lower,” “inner,” “inwardly,” “outer” and “outwardly,” are used to assist in describing the invention based on the orientation of the embodiments shown in the illustrations. The use of directional terms should not be interpreted to limit the invention to packages of any specific orientation(s).
  • As noted above, the illustrated package 10 is a clamshell package having a top part 12 and a bottom part 14 joined along a living hinge 16. The top part 12, bottom part 14 and hinge 16 are integrally formed from a single sheet of the appropriate stock material. The hinge 16 facilitates movement of the package 10 between the open position (See FIGS. 3-6) and the closed position (See FIGS. 1, 2 and 7). The hinge 16 keeps the top part 12 and the bottom part 14 together and maintains appropriate alignment when the package 10 is closed about the hinge 14. Although not strictly necessary, the clamshell design facilitates manufacture by allowing formation of only a single part. It also eliminates a variety of issues associated with maintaining and handling separate parts prior to packaging, and with alignment of separate parts when closing the packages.
  • The top part 12 and the bottom part 14 each include a pocket 26, 28, respectively, and a lip 40, 42, respectively, extending around the periphery of the pocket 26, 28. The hinge 16 may extend from or be part of the lips 40, 42. When the package 10 is pivoted or folded about the hinge 16 into a closed position, the pockets 26, 28 close together cooperatively forming an internal cavity for containing the packaged good(s). The size, shape and configuration of the pockets 26, 28 may vary from application to application. For example, the pockets 26, 28 may be contoured to correspond in shape with the article (or articles) to be packaged. The pockets 26, 28 may be of the same depth or they vary in depth. For example, pocket 28 may be deeper than pocket 26 as shown in FIGS. 1-2. The pockets 26, 28 of the illustrated embodiment are generally rectangular in shape, with rounded edges. However, the pockets 26, 28 can alternatively be round, oval or any other suitable shape. The pockets 26, 28 may be tapered to provide the desired draft (for molding purposes) or to present the desired aesthetic appearance.
  • The top part 12 includes a sealing flange 18 that extends outwardly from the lip 40 opposite the hinge 16. The sealing flange 18 may be an extension of the lip 40. Similarly, the bottom part 14 includes a carrier flange 20 that extends outwardly from the lip 42 opposite the hinge 16. The carrier flange 20 may be an extension of the lip 42. The package 10 is configured so that the flanges 18, 20 come together when the package 10 is closed. The size, shape and configuration of the flanges 18, 20 may vary from application to application as desired. In the illustrated embodiment, the flanges have a width of approximately 0.75″, which provides sufficient space for both the double-sided adhesive 22 and the frangible portion 24. As shown, both flanges extend along approximately the full length of the one side of the package 10. The width and length of the flanges 18 may vary from application to application, as desired. Further, the sealing flange and the carrier flange need not be coextensive with one another. Although both flanges 18, 20 are shown as being continuous, one or both of the flanges 18, 20 could be discontinuous, formed by a plurality of flange segments.
  • The hinge 16 can be any suitable type of connection that allows the top part 12 and bottom part 14 to move with respect to each other. In the illustrated embodiment, the hinge 16 is formed by a series of contours in the material joining the top part 12 and the bottom part 14. The contours are configured so that the hinge 16 undergoes the deformation needed to move the top and bottom parts 12, 14 into closed engagement. If desired, the hinge 16 may be defined by or include a line of weakening in the clamshell material, such as a fold line, a line of reduced thickness or a line of perforations. In other applications, the hinge may be formed by joining together edge portions of separate top and bottom parts (not shown).
  • As perhaps best shown in FIG. 3, a double-sided adhesive 22 is disposed on the carrier flange 20 to provide a mechanism for selectively joining the sealing flange 18 to the carrier flange 20 to seal the package 10. The double-sided adhesive 22 of this embodiment has sufficient adhesive strength to make it difficult for the sealed flanges to be separated from one another without causing damage that is evident through visual inspection of the package. The double-sided adhesive 22 may be a double-sided tape. The double-sided tape 22 may be applied to carrier flange 20 with a release liner 80 covering the exposed surface of the double-sided tape 22 (See FIG. 8A). Referring now to FIG. 4, the release liner 80 may be peeled away from the double-sided adhesive 22 to expose the underlying adhesive surface prior to sealing. Once removed, the sealing flange 18 can be brought into contact with the exposed surface of the double-sided tape 22 to join the flanges 18, 20. FIG. 8B is an enlarged view of Area VIIIB of FIG. 7, which shows the details of the sealed flange region. Although the double-sided adhesive 22 is applied to the bottom part 14 in the illustrated embodiment, it may alternatively (or in addition) be applied to the top part 12. In the illustrated embodiment, the double-sided adhesive 22 includes a tape layer selected to provide, among other things, the desired adhesive properties. One suitable double-sided tape/release liner combination is available from 3M Company under the tradename “3M Extended Liner Tape 476XL.”
  • The package 10 includes a frangible portion 24 that that can allow the package 10 to be opened after it has been sealed (See FIG. 2). The frangible portion 24 of the illustrated embodiment is intended to be removed from the package 10 by the end consumer, but it may be removed at other times in the life-cycle of the package, if desired. The frangible portion 24 may be defined by one or more perforations in the package 10. The perforations make it easier to remove the frangible portion 24, and therefore facilitate opening of a sealed package. The frangible portion 24 is configured so that is can be removed with less force than required to separate the sealed flanges from one another. For example, it may be desirable for the force required to remove the frangible portion 24 to be smaller than the force required to separate the flanges from the double-sided adhesive 22.
  • In this embodiment, the frangible portion 24 is incorporated into the sealing flange 18, and is defined by a pair of perforation lines 46, 48 that extend along the full length of the sealing flange 18. The perforation lines 46, 48 extend generally parallel to one another to create a removable strip of material running across the sealing flange 18. In this embodiment, the perforation lines 46, 48 are spaced roughly 0.24″ apart—although the spacing may vary from application to application as desired. For example, the spacing is typically selected to provide the frangible portion 23 with sufficient width so that it is unlikely to break during removal. Accordingly, the spacing may be dependent on the strength of the sheet stock and the amount of force required to tear the material along the perforation lines. Once removed, the frangible portion 24 of this embodiment separates the top half 12 from the sealed portion of the flanges, thereby allowing the top half 12 to open without breaking the adhesive seal. The perforation lines 46, 48 may be configured to define pull tabs 50, 52 on one or both ends of the removable strip. For example, in the illustrated embodiment, the perforation lines 46, 48 may curve outwardly at opposite ends to form enlarged portions of material that can function as pull tabs. If desired, the pull tabs 50, 52 can be embossed with content, such as printed words (e.g. “PULL”) or other desired graphics. As can be seen in the drawings, the lead in to the pull tabs 50, 52 can be cut to provide clear separation between the tabs 50, 52 and the adjacent flange material. For purposes of this disclosure, the term “perforations” is used to refer to essentially any feature used to weaken the thermoformed material, whether produced during molding or in subsequent processing of the package, including cut score lines, spaced-apart cuts and regions of reduced material thickness. For example, in the illustrated embodiment, each line of perforations includes 0.1466″ cuts spaced apart by 0.012″. The configuration of the perforations may vary from application to application to provide the desired removal force. With thicker sheet stock, it may be desirable to have longer cuts and/or shorter spaces between the cuts. Although frangible portion 24 is disposed on the sealing flange 18, it can alternatively be incorporated into the carrier flange 20 or into both flanges 18, 20 (as described below).
  • In the illustrated embodiment, the frangible portion 24 is removable from the package 10. In other applications, the frangible portion may provide a single break in the package that separates either the top or bottom part from the sealed regions of the flanges. For example, the sealing flange 18 may include a single perforation line disposed inwardly from the seal. This single perforation line may be broken to separate the sealed portion of the carrier flange 18 from the rest of the top part, thereby allowing the top part to be opened without breaking the seal created by the double-sided adhesive 22. To facilitate use of a single perforation line, a tear strip (not shown) that can be pulled up through the perforation line may be disposed on the bottom of the sealing flange 18 or the top of the carrier flange 20.
  • The top part 12 and bottom part 14 may be configured to include a releasable closure for selectively maintaining the package 10 in the closed position independently of the double-sided adhesive 22. For example, in the package 10 of FIGS. 1 and 2, the top and bottom parts 12, 14 includes a rail and channel arrangement that releasably secures the package 10 in the closed position. More specifically, the bottom part 14 of the package of FIG. 1 includes a rail 36 that extends upwardly from the lip 42 around the opening of pocket 28, and the top part 12 includes a channel 38 that is recessed upwardly into the lip 40 around the opening of pocket 26. The rail 36 and channel 38 are configured to be frictionally interfitted when the package 10 is closed to releasably hold the package 10 in the closed position. The continuous rail and channel arrangement may be replaced by other releasable closures, such as discontinuous rail/channel configurations, buttons/snaps or other features that can be selectively interfitted to releasably retain the package in the closed condition.
  • In the illustrated embodiment, the pocket 28 of the bottom part 14 includes a channel 32 that extends around the periphery of the pocket 28 to provide a space to contain a certain amount of juice or other liquids that might run off of the packages goods. For example, in the context of packaging fruit, such as watermelon, it is possible that fruit juice will seep from the packaged fruit. The channel 32 provides an area in which the juice may accumulate so that it is less likely to be in contact with the packaged fruit. Although the illustrated embodiment includes a single continuous channel 32 that extends around the periphery of the bottom part 14, the bottom part 14 may include a network of channels or a plurality of channel segments that collectively provide a place to contain liquids away from the packaged goods.
  • The package 10 may also include denesting features that help to maintain separation between adjacent packages when the packages are nested for storage and shipping. This optional feature is particularly useful when packages are nested for storage/shipping without a release liner 80 on the upper surface of the double-sided adhesive 22. Without this feature, there is an increased risk that the exposed adhesive on the upper surface of the double-sided adhesive 22 will engage and stick to the bottom surface of the above-stacked package. In the embodiment of FIGS. 1-2, the bottom part 14 includes a plurality of denesting lugs 70 that extend into the rail 36 to prevent stacked packages from fully nesting. More specifically, the denesting lugs of one package are configured to engage the top surface of the rail in a below-stacked package to prevent the packages from fully nesting (See FIGS. 9 and 10). This maintains a predetermined distance between the packages and reduces the likelihood that nested packages will become stuck to one another. Referring now to FIG. 5, the rail 36 includes four denesting lugs 70 spaced along the outermost section and two denesting lugs 70 spaced along the innermost section. As can be seen, the denesting lugs 70 of this embodiment are relatively small indentations formed in the rail 36. As perhaps best shown in FIG. 10, the bottom surface 72 of each lug 70 may be substantially flat to provide solid engagement with the flat upper surface of the rail 36 of the below-stacked package. The sidewall 74 of each lug 70 may be angled to facilitate removal from the mold (not shown). The number, size, shape and configuration of denesting lugs may vary from application to application as desired.
  • The package 10 may also include a display strip 60 disposed in the flange region. The display strip 60 may provide a visual indication of the removable strip and/or may include advertising content. For example, the display strip 60 may be a highly visible color and may include words or other graphic content that instruct a user on how to open the sealed package 10. In the embodiment of FIG. 1, the display strip 60 is adhesively secured to the undersurface of the sealing flange 18 along the frangible portion 24. The display strip may alternatively be disposed on the top surface of the sealing flange 18 or on the top or bottom surface of the carrier flange 20. The display strip 60 may be a thin strip of plastic material that can be adhesively applied to the package, such as a thin strip of polyester with an adhesive surface. In one application, the display strip 60 is 4 MM wide and 40 microns thick, but the dimensions of the display strip may vary from application to application. If desired, the display strip may be replaced by a tear strip that performs a structural function, such as reinforcing the frangible portion or being separately removable to open the package after sealing. For example, a tear strip may be disposed on the bottom surface of the sealing flange in place of a display strip to reinforce the frangible portion and reduce the likelihood that the frangible portion will break while it is being removed.
  • Referring now to FIGS. 11G-11J, the package 10 may alternatively include two display strips 60A and 60B that may be used in cooperation to, among other things, provide hidden content that becomes accessible only after the package 10 is opened. For example, a first display strip 60A may be disposed along the frangible portion 24 so that it is removed with the frangible portion 24 and a second display strip 60B may be disposed on the opposite flange. One or both of the display strips 60A, 60B may include content on the surface facing the opposite display strip. In use, the content is hidden by the opposite display strip when the package 10 is sealed. The content becomes visible when the frangible portion 24 (and consequently the first display strip 60A) is removed. The content may include prize notifications, coupon codes or essentially any other content that would preferably be hidden until after the package 10 is opened.
  • The double-sided adhesive 22 and display strip(s) 60 may be applied to the flanges in various combinations and configurations. The present invention is intended to encompass essentially any combination and configuration. By way of illustration, FIGS. 11A-11J show a variety of alternative configurations. To facilitate a clear understanding of these alternative embodiments, the flanges are shown spaced apart from one another a sufficient distance to illustrate the interrelationship between the flanges, the display strips and the double-sided adhesive. It should be understood that in use the gap between the double-sided adhesive and the facing surface of the opposite flange is eliminated as the flanges are brought together and sealed. This may also eliminate the gap between the other components of the flange configuration depending on the respective thicknesses of the components. For example, if the display strip is at least as thick as the double-sided tape, then the gap between the display strip and the facing surface of the opposite flange is also eliminated as the flanges are brought together. If the display strip is thinner, the gap may not be entirely eliminated. Referring now to FIG. 11A, the flange configuration may include only double-sided adhesive 22 and no display strip 60. Although shown on the top surface of the bottom flange 20 in FIGS. 11A-11J, the double-sided adhesive 22 may alternatively (or in addition) be applied to the bottom surface of the upper flange 18 in any flange configuration. The double-sided adhesive 22 is shown in FIGS. 11A-11J without a release liner. The package 10 may, however, be provided to consumers with or without the release liner. FIG. 11B shows a display strip 60 on the bottom surface of the sealing flange 18 within the frangible portion 24. FIG. 11C shows a display strip 60 on the top surface of the sealing flange 18 within the frangible portion 24. FIG. 11D shows a display strip 60 on the bottom surface of the carrier flange 20 in vertical alignment with the frangible portion 24 in the sealing flange 18. FIG. 11E shows a display strip 60 on the top surface of the carrier flange 20 in vertical alignment with the frangible portion 24 in the sealing flange 18. The display strip 60 need not be disposed only on the frangible portion. For example, FIG. 11F shows an embodiment in which the display strip is not fully contained within the boundaries of the frangible portion 24. FIGS. 11G-11J shows various configurations that include two display strips 60A and 60B. FIG. 11G shows a first display strip 60A on the bottom surface of the sealing flange 18 within the frangible portion 24 and a second display strip 60B on the bottom surface of the carrier flange 20 in vertical alignment with the frangible portion 24. FIG. 11H shows a first display strip 60A on the bottom surface of the sealing flange 18 within the frangible portion 24 and a second display strip 60B on the top surface of the carrier flange 20 in vertical alignment with the frangible portion 24. FIG. 11I shows a first display strip 60A on the top surface of the sealing flange 18 within the frangible portion 24 and a second display strip 60B on the top surface of the carrier flange 20 in vertical alignment with the frangible portion 24. FIG. 11J shows a first display strip 60A on the top surface of the sealing flange 18 within the frangible portion 24 and a second display strip 60B on the bottom surface of the carrier flange 20 in vertical alignment with the frangible portion 24. The size of the two display strips may vary from application to application. For example, the strips may be of the same length and the same width, or they may have different lengths and different widths, as desired. FIG. 11G shows an embodiment in which display strip 60A is narrower in width than display strip 60B, but they may be the same width or display strip 60A may be wider than display strip 60B (See FIG. 11H). Although the display strip 60 of FIG. 1 is shown as a continuous strip that extends entirely across the sealing flange 18, the display strip may be discontinuous and/or may extend less than the full distance across the corresponding flange 18, 20. If it is desired to provide hidden content on the display strips 60A, 60B, the hidden content may be located on the bottom surface of display strip 60A and/or on the top surface of display strip 60B. In either location, the hidden content will be hidden until the frangible portion 24 is removed, thereby making it possible to see the bottom surface of display strip 60A and the top surface of display strip 60B.
  • The package 10 of the illustrated embodiment is thermoformed, but packages in accordance with the present invention may be manufactured in other ways, such as injection molding, blow molding, rotational molding and other plastic processing methods. The package 10 is typically constructed from polyvinyl chloride (PVC) or polyethylene terephthalate (PET) or some other polymer, such as high impact polystyrene (HIPS), polycarbonate, acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) or biodegradable plastics. Although the present invention typically involves the use of thermoplastic polymers, it may alternatively incorporate thermosetting polymers. The package stock is typically transparent, translucent or clear, but the stock may alternatively be opaque, clouded or tinted any suitable color in some applications. The package will vary in thickness from application to application. For standard point-of-sale packaging applications, the package 10 is likely to have a thickness ranging between 12 and 30 gauge (i.e., 12 to 30 thousands of an inch). However, in other applications, the thickness of the material may be outside of that range.
  • FIGS. 12-14 show an alternative embodiment in which the frangible portion 224 includes portions of both the sealing flange 218 and the carrier flange 220. In this embodiment, the package 210 is configured so that the outer edges of both flanges 218, 220 are removed to gain access to the contents of the package 210 (compare FIGS. 12 and 13). As show in FIG. 14, a first perforation line 248 is defined in the carrier flange 220 and a second perforation line 246 is defined in the sealing flange 218. The two perforations 246, 248 are roughly aligned in a vertical direction so that a user can tear away the portions of the flanges that are joined by the double-sided adhesive. After removing the sealed region of the flanges, the top part 212 and bottom part 214 are no longer joined on the side opposite the hinge 216 and the package 210 can be easily opened.
  • As discussed above, the package 10 may be provided with denesting lugs 70 to maintain the desired separation between adjacent packages during nesting. As an alternative to (or in addition to) the denesting lugs, 70, the package 310 may include channels 376, 378 in the sealing flange 318 and the carrier flange 320, respectively (See FIG. 15). In this alternative embodiment, the channel 378 in the carrier flange 320 is of sufficient width to receive the double-sided adhesive 322 and of sufficient depth to recess the double-sided adhesive 322 below the top surface of the carrier flange 320. The channel 378 may be formed with little or no draft, thereby reducing the possibility of nesting in the channels 378 in adjacent packages. The channel 376 of the sealing flange 318 is configured to extend down into channel 378 of the carrier flange 320 a sufficient distance to allow the sealing flange 318 to engage and become sealed to the top surface of the double-sided adhesive 322. As a result, the channel 376 of the sealing flange 318 is typically somewhat narrower in width than the channel 378 of the carrier flange 320.
  • In another aspect, the present invention discloses an apparatus and method for producing a package with double-side tape with the release liner removed from the double-sided tape. More specifically, this aspect of the present invention is directed to an apparatus and method for applying the double-sided tape to the package and removing the release liner. As noted above, it may be a disadvantage in some applications for the package to be provided with the release liner on the double-sided tape. For example, this could result in the need for manual labor at the point of packaging to remove the release liner. It may also produce scrap (i.e. the removed release liner) at the point of packaging that would need to be handled, such as collected and recycled. In this aspect, the present invention provides a tape applicator station 500 that cooperates with features built into the package and the double-sided tape to produce a package in which the release liner is easily removed (See FIGS. 15-17). The tape applicator station 500 may be incorporated into conventional manufacturing equipment at any of a variety of different stages. For example, this equipment may be incorporated into the manufacturing equipment downstream from the thermoforming equipment and upstream from the die cutting equipment. At this stage, the polymer sheet has been formed into the desired shape (including formation of channel 378 in the carrier flange 320), but the packages remain part of a continuous web. As noted above, the polymer sheet may be formed using essentially any polymer forming techniques and apparatus.
  • Referring now to FIGS. 16 and 17, the tape applicator station 500 includes a roller 504 and a shoe 506. Although not shown, the roller 504 receives the double-sided tape 22 from a supply of double-sided tape, such as a spool of tape and a series of feed rollers that shepherd the tape from the spool to roller 504. The spool and feed rollers are generally conventional and therefore will not be described in detail. The roller 504 is configured to press down on the double-sided tape 22 forcing it into intimate contact with the floor of the channel 378. The downward pressure applied by the roller 504 may vary from application to application as desired. The shoe 506 is optional but may assist in providing alignment between the package 310 and the tape 22 in some applications. The shoe 506 includes a recess 508 configured to closely receive the channel 378 in the carrier flange 320. When included, the shoe 504 provides a track that receives the channel 378 to shepherd the package 310 through the tape applicator station 500.
  • In the illustrated embodiment, the double-sided adhesive 22 is a double-sided tape that is mounted on a release liner 80 that is wider than the width of the sealing flange channel 378. When the double-sided tape 22 is pushed down into the channel 378, the release liner 80 (which is wider than the channel 378) engages the top surface of the sealing flange 320. This interaction causes the edges of the release liner 80 to stay above the channel and, in some cases, may also cause the release liner 80 to begin to peel away from the double-sided tape 22. The characteristics of the double-sided tape 22, the release liner 80, the roller 504 and the channel 378 are balanced to provide this function and may need to be tuned from application to application. For example, the flexibility of the tape substrate, the adhesive strength of the tape adhesive, the flexibility of the release liner substrate, the characteristics of the release coating of the release liner, the depth and width of the channel, the width of the roller and the downward force applied to the tape by the roller may all be tuned to facilitate this function.
  • Because the edges of the release liner 80 remain outside the channel 378, the release liner 80 may be more easily removed. For example, the release liner 80 may be removed using automation equipment, such as the suction line 560 shown in phantom lines in FIG. 17. The suction line 560 may be integrated into the tape applicator station 500 or it may be located essentially anywhere downstream from the tape applicator station 500. As another example, the release liner 80 may be removed manually. By retaining the edges of the release liner 80 outside the channel 378, they can be more easily grasped to pull away the release liner 80.
  • The above description is that of current embodiments of the invention. Various alterations and changes can be made without departing from the spirit and broader aspects of the invention as defined in the appended claims, which are to be interpreted in accordance with the principles of patent law including the doctrine of equivalents. This disclosure is presented for illustrative purposes and should not be interpreted as an exhaustive description of all embodiments of the invention or to limit the scope of the claims to the specific elements illustrated or described in connection with these embodiments. For example, and without limitation, any individual element(s) of the described invention may be replaced by alternative elements that provide substantially similar functionality or otherwise provide adequate operation. This includes, for example, presently known alternative elements, such as those that might be currently known to one skilled in the art, and alternative elements that may be developed in the future, such as those that one skilled in the art might, upon development, recognize as an alternative. Further, the disclosed embodiments include a plurality of features that are described in concert and that might cooperatively provide a collection of benefits. The present invention is not limited to only those embodiments that include all of these features or that provide all of the stated benefits, except to the extent otherwise expressly set forth in the issued claims. Any reference to claim elements in the singular, for example, using the articles “a,” “an,” “the” or “said,” is not to be construed as limiting the element to the singular.

Claims (22)

  1. 1. A package comprising:
    a first part having a sealing flange;
    a second part having a carrier flange;
    a hinge joining said first part to said second part, said hinge permitting said first part and said second part to be moved between an open position and a closed position, said carrier flange and said sealing flange configured to come into engagement when said first part and said second part are in said closed position;
    a double-sided adhesive disposed along said carrier flange, said double-sided adhesive configured to form an adhesive connection selectively joining said sealing flange to said carrier flange to secure the package in said closed position; and
    a frangible portion to allow said first part and said second part to be moved into said open position without breaking said adhesive connection formed by said double-sided adhesive.
  2. 2. The package of claim 1 wherein said double-sided adhesive is a double-sided tape.
  3. 3. The package of claim 2 wherein said frangible portion is further defined as a removable portion of at least one of said sealing flange and said carrier flange.
  4. 4. The package of claim 3 wherein said frangible portion is defined by a pair of perforation lines in at least one of said sealing flange and said carrier flange.
  5. 5. The package of claim 1 wherein said carrier flange includes an adhesive channel, said double-sided adhesive being disposed within said channel, said adhesive channel having a depth greater than a height of said double-sided adhesive, whereby said double-sided adhesive is recessed within said adhesive channel.
  6. 6. The package of claim 1 wherein at least one of said first part and said second part includes denesting lugs.
  7. 7. The package of claim 1 wherein one of said first part and said second part includes a rail and the other of said first part and said second part includes a closing channel, said rail and said closing channel configured to be releasably interfitted when said first part and said second part are in said closed position; and
    further including a plurality of denesting lugs extending into said rail to maintain separation between adjacent packages when a plurality of packages are nested together.
  8. 8. A package comprising:
    a clamshell having a first part joined to a second part by a hinge, said hinge extending along a first edge of said first part and a first edge of said second part;
    said first part including a pocket and a first flange extending along a second edge of said first part opposite said first edge;
    said second part including a pocket and a second flange extending along a second edge of said second part;
    a double-sided tape disposed between said first flange and said second flange, said double-sided tape joining said first flange to said second flange with said pocket of said first part and said pocket of said second part cooperatively defining an article containing space; and
    a frangible portion in at least one of said first flange and said second flange to allow said first part and said second part to be moved into an open position about said hinge without breaking said adhesive connection formed by said double-sided tape.
  9. 9. The package of claim 8 wherein said frangible portion is defined by a pair of perforation lines in at least one of said sealing flange and said carrier flange.
  10. 10. The package of claim 9 wherein at least one of said flanges includes an adhesive channel, said double-sided adhesive being disposed within said channel, said adhesive channel having a depth greater than a height of said double-sided adhesive, whereby said double-sided adhesive is recessed within said adhesive channel.
  11. 11. The package of claim 10 wherein at least one of said first part and said second part includes denesting lugs.
  12. 12. The package of claim 10 wherein one of said first part and said second part includes a rail and the other of said first part and said second part includes a closing channel, said rail and said closing channel configured to be releasably interfitted when said first part and said second part are in said closed position; and
    further including a plurality of denesting lugs extending into said rail to maintain separation between adjacent packages when a plurality of packages are nested together.
  13. 13. The package of claim 12 further including a display strip disposed along one of said first flange and said second flange.
  14. 14. The package of claim 8 further include a first display strip disposed on said first flange and a second display strip disposed on said second display strip, wherein one of said display strips is disposed on and removable with said frangible portion.
  15. 15. A method for packaging an article or articles in a clamshell package, comprising the steps of:
    supplying a package with first and second parts joined together by a hinge, the first and second parts having flanges that come into engagement when the packages is closed, the package also including a double-sided tape along at least one of the flanges;
    placing the article or articles in the package; and
    closing the package by moving the first part and the second part about the hinge to bring the flanges together such that the double-sided tape adhesively joins the first part to the second part.
  16. 16. The method of claim 15 wherein said supplying step further includes providing the package with a frangible portion removable from at least one of the flanges; and
    further including the step of opening the package by removing the frangible portion and moving the first part and second part about the hinge to provide access to the interior of the package.
  17. 17. The method of claim 16 further including the step of removing the release liner at the point of packaging.
  18. 18. The method of claim 16 further including the steps of:
    removing the release liner from the double-sided tape at the point of manufacture;
    nesting a plurality of the packages together after said removing step, each of the packages including nesting lugs that maintain separation between the packages to reduce a possibility of the double-sided tape of one package sticking to an adjacent nested package.
  19. 19. A method for manufacturing a package, comprising the steps of:
    forming a package with a sealing flange and a carrier flange, the carrier flange having an adhesive channel, the channel having a pair of walls joined by a floor, the pair of walls being spaced apart a first width;
    providing a double-sided tape with first and second adhesive surfaces and a release liner covering the second adhesive surface, the double-sided tape having a second width, the second width being lesser than the first width, the release liner having a third width, the third width being greater than the first width;
    applying the double-sided tape to the carrier flange within the adhesive channel by pressing the double-sided tape into the channel such that the first adhesive surface engages and adhesively secured to the floor, at least one edge of the release liner engaging a wall of the channel such that at least a portion of the release liner is retained outside the channel following said applying step; and
    removing the release liner from the double-sided tape.
  20. 20. The method of claim 19 wherein said applying step is further defined as pressing the double-sided tape into the channel with a roller, the roller having a width substantially lesser than the first width, whereby at least one edge of the release liner is free to bow as a result of interaction with the roller and the channel.
  21. 21. The method claim 19 wherein said applying step is further defined as applying the double-sided tape to the carrier flange within the adhesive channel by pressing the double-sided tape into the channel such that the first adhesive surface engages and adhesively secured to the floor, opposite edges of the release liner engaging the walls of the channel such that opposite edges of the release liner are retained outside the channel following said applying step.
  22. 22. The method of claim 21 further including the step of supporting the package on a shoe during said applying step, the shoe including an alignment channel closely receiving the adhesive channel to assist in aligning the double-sided tape with the adhesive channel.
US12833306 2010-07-09 2010-07-09 Thermoformed package with tamper evident seal Abandoned US20120005994A1 (en)

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US8684212B2 (en) * 2011-07-18 2014-04-01 Joseph Stone Tamper-evident container that indicates when the container has been tampered with or opened
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US9643761B1 (en) * 2015-12-08 2017-05-09 Inline Plastics Corp. Child-resistant containers
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US5366104A (en) * 1993-09-13 1994-11-22 Fabri-Kal Corporation Container with hinged lid
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US9630756B2 (en) 2003-07-21 2017-04-25 Inline Plastics Corp. Tamper-resistant and tamper evident containers
US9527640B2 (en) 2003-07-21 2016-12-27 Inline Plastics Corp. Methods of manufacturing tamper-resistant and tamper evident containers
US8684212B2 (en) * 2011-07-18 2014-04-01 Joseph Stone Tamper-evident container that indicates when the container has been tampered with or opened
US9132942B2 (en) * 2011-08-16 2015-09-15 Bn Progressive Products Ltd. Tamper-evident container
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US20150060454A1 (en) * 2013-08-30 2015-03-05 Letica Corp. Tamper evident thermoformed plastic clamshell container
US9643761B1 (en) * 2015-12-08 2017-05-09 Inline Plastics Corp. Child-resistant containers
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AS Assignment

Owner name: DISPLAY PACK, INC., MICHIGAN

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:TIDBALL, MARTIN O.;HANSEN, JONATHAN C.;BEACH, GORDON L.;AND OTHERS;SIGNING DATES FROM 20100709 TO 20100710;REEL/FRAME:024663/0706