US20100209269A1 - Alternative piston pump for machines dispensing dyes, paints or similar products - Google Patents

Alternative piston pump for machines dispensing dyes, paints or similar products Download PDF

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Publication number
US20100209269A1
US20100209269A1 US12667113 US66711308A US2010209269A1 US 20100209269 A1 US20100209269 A1 US 20100209269A1 US 12667113 US12667113 US 12667113 US 66711308 A US66711308 A US 66711308A US 2010209269 A1 US2010209269 A1 US 2010209269A1
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US
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Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
piston pump
alternative piston
rigid radially
cylindrical cavity
axially
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US12667113
Inventor
Giuliano Solera
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CPS Color Equipment SpA Con Unico Socio
Original Assignee
CPS Color Equipment SpA Con Unico Socio
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B43/00Machines, pumps, or pumping installations having flexible working members
    • F04B43/08Machines, pumps, or pumping installations having flexible working members having tubular flexible members
    • F04B43/084Machines, pumps, or pumping installations having flexible working members having tubular flexible members the tubular member being deformed by stretching or distortion
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B43/00Machines, pumps, or pumping installations having flexible working members
    • F04B43/0009Special features
    • F04B43/0054Special features particularities of the flexible members
    • F04B43/0072Special features particularities of the flexible members of tubular flexible members
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B53/00Component parts, details or accessories not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B1/00 - F04B23/00 or F04B39/00 - F04B47/00
    • F04B53/14Pistons, piston-rods or piston-rod connections
    • F04B53/143Sealing provided on the piston
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05CINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO MATERIALS, MATERIAL PROPERTIES OR MATERIAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR MACHINES, ENGINES OR PUMPS OTHER THAN NON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES OR ENGINES
    • F05C2225/00Synthetic polymers, e.g. plastics; Rubber

Abstract

An alternative piston pump, able to take in and dispense a determinate quantity of a dye, paint or similar product, comprising a container having a cylindrical cavity inside which a piston is able to slide axially, and a sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially, inserted into said cylindrical cavity and having a first end connected to said piston. The sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially has a second end connected through a flange to a closing plate, able to close one end of the cylindrical cavity, and the piston and the sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially are made in a single piece.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention concerns an alternative piston pump, able to be used in machines dispensing fluids such as dyes, paints or similar products. In particular, the pump is able to take in and dispense, with every cycle, a defined quantity of said fluids from a storage container to a delivery unit.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • An alternative piston pump is known, able to pump fluids such as dyes, paints or similar products.
  • The known pump comprises a cylinder, internally hollow, inside which a piston is able to slide, provided with sealing gaskets scraping the walls of the cylinder.
  • One disadvantage of the known pump is that the sealing gaskets with which the piston is provided wear as the pumping cycles follow each other. The loss of seal between the piston and the cylinder entails a serious deterioration of the dosing accuracy and repeatability of the pump, which causes the wrong colors to be made.
  • Solid particles which are normally present in the dyes penetrate between the worn gaskets of the piston and the internal wall of the cylinder and cause scores to be made on the internal surface of the cylinder. Moreover, the worn gaskets of the piston allow the air to enter into the pump, causing the dyes to dry and deteriorate. This entails the mechanical blockage of and consequent damage to the actuation systems of the pump.
  • All this entails high maintenance costs for the replacement of the damaged parts.
  • An alternative pump of the bellows type is also known, suitable to operate on corrosive, caustic, acid or toxic fluids. This known pump comprises a cylinder, internally hollow, inside which a piston is able to slide with ample play.
  • The cylinder is closed at the ends by two closing plates. A first of the two closing plates is provided with a hole, into which the rod of the piston is inserted, which is connected to an actuation device.
  • A metal bellows is disposed inside the cylinder and is fixed on one side to the piston and on the other side to said first closing plate.
  • One disadvantage of this known pump is that the bellows and the piston are two separate elements and this entails problems in the making and the functioning of the pump.
  • Another disadvantage of this known pump is that its constituent parts are made of very expensive materials, such as stainless steel or special alloys, which must be subjected to complex and costly working steps.
  • A further disadvantage of this known pump is that its actuation device works on compressed air, or pressurized fluids, so that it does not have high pumping accuracy and therefore it is not suitable for use in machines dispensing dyes or similar, where it is indispensable that the quantities delivered are always in very precise doses.
  • Purpose of the present invention is to achieve an alternative piston pump which is economical, simple to make, which does not need frequent maintenance operations, and which also guarantees high pumping accuracy.
  • The Applicant has devised, tested and embodied the present invention to overcome the shortcomings of the state of the art and to obtain these and other purposes and advantages.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention is set forth and characterized in the independent claim, while the dependent claims describe other characteristics of the invention or variants to the main inventive idea.
  • In accordance with the above purpose, an alternative piston pump able to take in and dispense a determinate quantity of a fluid product such as a dye, a paint or a similar product, comprises a container having a cylindrical cavity, inside which a piston is able to slide axially, and a sleeve, extendible axially and rigid radially, inserted into the cylindrical cavity and having a first end connected to the piston.
  • According to a first characteristic of the present invention, the sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially has a second end connected to a closing plate, able to close one end of the cylindrical cavity. Moreover, at least the piston and the sleeve are made in a single piece, using a techno-polymer as constructive material.
  • According to a further characteristic, the closing plate is also made in a single piece with the sleeve and the piston.
  • According to another variant, not only the sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially and the piston, but also the container and the closing plate are made using techno-polymers.
  • The use of this type of material allows to have a pump that is economical, due to the limited cost of this material, and also easy to make. According to a variant, the sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially is coaxial with the cylindrical cavity and forms, with the wall of the latter, an annular chamber.
  • In this way, during the sliding of the piston, no friction is created between the sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially and the internal wall of the cylindrical cavity. Thus the phenomena of wear of the constituent parts of the pump are cancelled, and consequently the operations of maintenance, the possibility of errors and the consequent damage.
  • According to a preferential form of the present invention, an external linear actuation means, for example comprising a motor of the step-by-step type, is able to compress and expand the sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially.
  • The pump according to the present invention also comprises a tube able both to be inserted with ample play inside the sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially, and also to be fixed to the piston. The tube is connected to the linear actuation means by means of connection means, advantageously removable.
  • According to another variant of the present invention, the connection means comprises a shaft, able to be inserted and fixed in an axial cavity of the tube.
  • The tube functions as a guide for the sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially, so that the latter does not bend laterally during the compression and expansion steps.
  • According to another variant, the tube is made in a single piece with a plate provided with at least two guide hollows, into which at least two fixed guide rods are able to be inserted, along which the tube is able to slide.
  • Therefore, the use of the linear actuation means and the tube allows the pump to have great pumping accuracy so as to deliver very precise doses of dye, for example in the range of some cm3 per cycle (for example between about 2.5 cm3 and about 30 cm3).
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • These and other characteristics of the present invention will become apparent from the following description of a preferential form of embodiment, given as a non-restrictive example with reference to the attached drawings wherein:
  • FIG. 1 is a three-dimensional view of a pump according to the present invention;
  • FIG. 2 is a lateral view of FIG. 1;
  • FIG. 3 shows a section from III to III of FIG. 2;
  • FIG. 4 is a detail of FIG. 3.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERENTIAL FORM OF EMBODIMENT
  • With reference to FIGS. 1 to 3, an alternative piston pump 10, able to take in and dispense a determinate quantity of a dye, a paint or a similar product, comprises a container 11, substantially cylindrical in shape, preferably made of techno-polymer material, provided with a cylindrical cavity 17.
  • The pump 10 is connected to a valve unit 12 and to a linear actuation unit 13. The latter in this case comprises a motor 14, of the step-by-step type, and an electronic card 15 to control the latter. The valve unit 12 and the linear actuation unit 13 are of a known type and therefore are not described here in detail.
  • The container 11 is provided at one end (below in FIG. 3) with an annular flange 16, with a diameter greater than the external diameter of the remaining part of the container 11.
  • The pump 10 also comprises a closing plate 18, annular in shape and with a diameter equal to that of the annular flange 16. The container 11, on the opposite side to the annular flange 16, is provided with two mouths 19, of which one is able to convey inside the cylindrical cavity 17 the dye arriving from outside, through an intake pipe 20, whereas the other is able to convey the dye from the cylindrical cavity 17 towards the outside, through a delivery pipe 21. Said pipes 20 and 21 are made inside the container 11 and their opening and closing is regulated by the valve unit 12.
  • The pump 10 also comprises a sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially 22 (FIG. 3), hollow internally and having the external part shaped as a coil (FIG. 4). The sleeve 22 is shaped so that a first end 22 a defines, in a single piece therewith, a piston 23, having the shape of a disk. The sleeve 22 and the piston 23 are disposed coaxially inside the cylindrical cavity 17.
  • The sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially 22 is also provided, at a second end 22 b, opposite the first end 22 a, with a flange 24 having a diameter greater than the diameter of the remaining part of the sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially 22. The flange 24 is interposed and fixed between the annular flange 16 and the closing plate 18, by means of screws or bolts 25.
  • According to an advantageous form of embodiment, the sleeve 22 is in a single piece with the closing plate 18, whereby the closing plate 18 also performs the function of the flange 24 that is thus not provided.
  • The sleeve 22, the piston 23, the container 11, the closing plate 18 and the flange 24, if provided, are advantageously all made using techno-polymers.
  • The external lateral surface of the sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially 22 forms an annular chamber 26 (FIG. 4) with the wall of the cylindrical cavity 17. The presence of the annular chamber 26 guarantees that there is no friction between the inside of the container 11 and the sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially 22.
  • Inside the sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially 22 a tube 27 is inserted slidingly and with ample play; this functions as a guide for the sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially 22 and allows the latter not to bend laterally. The tube 27 is also provided with a cylindrical cavity 28, coaxial, inside which a shaft 29, fixed to the motor 14, is able to be inserted with precision. The shaft 29 is provided with a threaded end, screwed into the cylindrical cavity 28 of the tube 27.
  • The piston 23, in turn, is fixed to the tube 27 by means of a clamping screw 30. In this way the motor 14 is able to command the axial movement of the tube 27, and hence of the piston 23. The sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially 22, made in a single piece with the latter, is able to expand and compress.
  • The tube 27 comprises, at an external end, a plate 32 substantially rectangular in shape, on the two shorter sides of which corresponding semi-circular hollows 33 are made, into each of which a fixed guide rod 34 is inserted.
  • The two rods 34 are fixed at one end in the closing plate 18 and, at the other end, to the linear actuation unit 13.
  • The pump 10 as described heretofore functions as follows.
  • In order to effect a cycle to pump the dye, the linear actuation unit 13 is actuated, so as to move downwards (FIG. 3) the shaft 29, the tube 27 and the piston 23, connected with each other. The sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially 22 is consequently compressed, thus expanding the free volume of the cylindrical cavity 17, which causes the dye to be taken in, which flows through the intake pipe 30 into the cylindrical cavity 17. Then, the linear actuation unit 13 is actuated, so that the shaft 29, the tube 27 and the piston 23 invert their motion and go upwards. The sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially 22 expands and reduces the volume of the cylindrical cavity 17. In this way the quantity of dye previously taken in, compressed by the piston 23, is expelled through the delivery pipe 21.
  • It is clear that modifications and/or additions of parts may be made to the alternative piston pump as described heretofore, without departing from the field and scope of the present invention.
  • It is also clear that, although the present invention has been described with reference to some specific examples, a person of skill in the art shall certainly be able to achieve many other equivalent forms of alternative piston pump, having the characteristics as set forth in the claims and hence all coming within the field of protection defined thereby.

Claims (14)

1. An alternative piston pump, able to take in and dispense a determinate quantity of a dye, paint or similar product, comprising a container having a cylindrical cavity inside which a piston is able to slide axially, and a sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially, inserted into said cylindrical cavity and having a first end connected to said piston, wherein said sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially has a second end connected through a flange to a closing plate, able to close one end of said cylindrical cavity, and in that wherein at least said piston and said sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially are made in a single piece.
2. The alternative piston pump as in claim 1, wherein said closing plate is also made in a single piece with said sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially and said piston.
3. The alternative piston pump as in claim 1, wherein said container, said sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially, said piston and said closing plate are made of plastics of the technical type.
4. The alternative piston pump as in claim 3 wherein said plastics of the technical type are techno-polymers.
5. The alternative piston pump as in claim 1, wherein said sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially is coaxial with said cylindrical cavity and forms, with the wall of said cylindrical cavity, an annular chamber.
6. The alternative piston pump as in claim 1, wherein external linear actuation means is able to compress and expand said sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially.
7. The alternative piston pump as in claim 1, further comprising a tube disposed inside said sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially and fixed to said piston.
8. The alternative piston pump as in claim 6, wherein a tube is connected to said linear actuation means by means of connection means.
9. The alternative piston pump as in claim 8, wherein said communication means comprises a shaft.
10. The alternative piston pump as in claim 9, wherein said shaft is fixed in an axial cavity of said tube.
11. The alternative piston pump as in claim 6, wherein said external linear actuation means comprises a motor of the step-by-step type.
12. The alternative piston pump as in claim 7, wherein said tube is made in a single piece with a plate provided with at least two guide hollows, slidingly cooperating with corresponding fixed guide rods.
13. The alternative piston pump as in claim 1, wherein said container also comprises first conveyor means able to convey said quantity of dye inside said cylindrical cavity, when said sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially is compressed.
14. The alternative piston pump as in claim 13, further comprising second conveyor means able to convey said quantity of dye outside said cylindrical cavity, when said sleeve extendible axially and rigid radially expands.
US12667113 2007-06-29 2008-06-26 Alternative piston pump for machines dispensing dyes, paints or similar products Abandoned US20100209269A1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ITUD20070120A1 ITUD20070120A1 (en) 2007-06-29 2007-06-29 In a reciprocating plunger pump for dispensing machines of dyes, varnishes and similar products
ITUD2007A000120 2007-06-29
PCT/EP2008/058192 WO2009003914A1 (en) 2007-06-29 2008-06-26 Alternative piston pump for machines dispensing dyes, paints or similar products

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20100209269A1 true true US20100209269A1 (en) 2010-08-19

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US12667113 Abandoned US20100209269A1 (en) 2007-06-29 2008-06-26 Alternative piston pump for machines dispensing dyes, paints or similar products

Country Status (6)

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US (1) US20100209269A1 (en)
EP (1) EP2174009B1 (en)
KR (1) KR20100051057A (en)
CN (1) CN101720392B (en)
ES (1) ES2378723T3 (en)
WO (1) WO2009003914A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20170070153A (en) * 2014-10-13 2017-06-21 알파 에스알엘 Positive―displacement pump and pumping group for fluid products and method for the use thereof

Citations (11)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2027979A (en) * 1934-07-14 1936-01-14 Kellogg M W Co Boot pump
US3212447A (en) * 1962-10-23 1965-10-19 Laval Turbine Pumps
US3631847A (en) * 1966-03-04 1972-01-04 James C Hobbs Method and apparatus for injecting fluid into the vascular system
US3701345A (en) * 1970-09-29 1972-10-31 Medrad Inc Angiographic injector equipment
US3819092A (en) * 1973-05-16 1974-06-25 Colgate Palmolive Co Pressurized dispensers
US3965897A (en) * 1974-10-11 1976-06-29 Origo, Incorporated Measured volume drug administration device for use with intravenous feeding pump
US4723941A (en) * 1985-09-06 1988-02-09 Research Corporation Pump for oscillating a fluid in vivo
US5000215A (en) * 1988-04-27 1991-03-19 Phillips Edwin D Bellows seal for valves and the like
CN2198404Y (en) * 1994-03-11 1995-05-24 洪菱成 Anti-corrosion high pressure injecting pump
US5996854A (en) * 1997-02-13 1999-12-07 Raal; Johan David Liquid dispenser with coaxial piston and rod for dispensing a precise volume
US6422542B2 (en) * 2000-01-11 2002-07-23 Itw Automotive Products Gmbh & Co. Kg Air damper for movable elements, in particular in automobiles

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1403790A1 (en) * 1961-08-07 1968-11-21 Franz Orlita Diaphragm pump with hydraulic drive
US4981418A (en) * 1989-07-25 1991-01-01 Osmonics, Inc. Internally pressurized bellows pump
JP4256694B2 (en) * 2003-02-24 2009-04-22 株式会社鷺宮製作所 Bellows pump
JP2006132502A (en) * 2004-11-09 2006-05-25 Saginomiya Seisakusho Inc Bellows pump

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2027979A (en) * 1934-07-14 1936-01-14 Kellogg M W Co Boot pump
US3212447A (en) * 1962-10-23 1965-10-19 Laval Turbine Pumps
US3631847A (en) * 1966-03-04 1972-01-04 James C Hobbs Method and apparatus for injecting fluid into the vascular system
US3701345A (en) * 1970-09-29 1972-10-31 Medrad Inc Angiographic injector equipment
US3819092A (en) * 1973-05-16 1974-06-25 Colgate Palmolive Co Pressurized dispensers
US3965897A (en) * 1974-10-11 1976-06-29 Origo, Incorporated Measured volume drug administration device for use with intravenous feeding pump
US4723941A (en) * 1985-09-06 1988-02-09 Research Corporation Pump for oscillating a fluid in vivo
US5000215A (en) * 1988-04-27 1991-03-19 Phillips Edwin D Bellows seal for valves and the like
CN2198404Y (en) * 1994-03-11 1995-05-24 洪菱成 Anti-corrosion high pressure injecting pump
US5996854A (en) * 1997-02-13 1999-12-07 Raal; Johan David Liquid dispenser with coaxial piston and rod for dispensing a precise volume
US6422542B2 (en) * 2000-01-11 2002-07-23 Itw Automotive Products Gmbh & Co. Kg Air damper for movable elements, in particular in automobiles

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
WO2009003914A1 (en) 2009-01-08 application
ES2378723T3 (en) 2012-04-17 grant
CN101720392B (en) 2013-11-06 grant
EP2174009B1 (en) 2011-12-14 grant
EP2174009A1 (en) 2010-04-14 application
KR20100051057A (en) 2010-05-14 application
CN101720392A (en) 2010-06-02 application

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: CPS COLOR EQUIPMENT SPA CON UNICO SOCIO, ITALY

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SOLERA, GIULIANO;REEL/FRAME:023721/0816

Effective date: 20091218