US20100176146A1 - Distributing prescribed medications - Google Patents

Distributing prescribed medications Download PDF

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Publication number
US20100176146A1
US20100176146A1 US12352165 US35216509A US2010176146A1 US 20100176146 A1 US20100176146 A1 US 20100176146A1 US 12352165 US12352165 US 12352165 US 35216509 A US35216509 A US 35216509A US 2010176146 A1 US2010176146 A1 US 2010176146A1
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Prior art keywords
code
associated
dispenser
patient
prescribed medications
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
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US12352165
Inventor
Shimon Ben-Dor
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BRADMAN GONZALEZ EDUARDO
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BRADMAN GONZALEZ EDUARDO
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61JCONTAINERS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR MEDICAL OR PHARMACEUTICAL PURPOSES; DEVICES OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR BRINGING PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS INTO PARTICULAR PHYSICAL OR ADMINISTERING FORMS; DEVICES FOR ADMINISTERING FOOD OR MEDICINES ORALLY; BABY COMFORTERS; DEVICES FOR RECEIVING SPITTLE
    • A61J1/00Containers specially adapted for medical or pharmaceutical purposes
    • A61J1/05Containers specially adapted for medical or pharmaceutical purposes for collecting, storing or administering blood, plasma or medical fluids ; Infusion or perfusion containers
    • A61J1/14Details, e.g. provisions for hanging or shape retaining means; Accessories therefor, e.g. inlet or outlet ports, filters or caps
    • A61J1/1437Locking means requiring key or combination to open the container
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61JCONTAINERS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR MEDICAL OR PHARMACEUTICAL PURPOSES; DEVICES OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR BRINGING PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS INTO PARTICULAR PHYSICAL OR ADMINISTERING FORMS; DEVICES FOR ADMINISTERING FOOD OR MEDICINES ORALLY; BABY COMFORTERS; DEVICES FOR RECEIVING SPITTLE
    • A61J7/00Devices for administering medicines orally, e.g. spoons; Pill counting devices; Arrangements for time indication or reminder for taking medicine
    • A61J7/0076Medicament distribution means
    • A61J7/0084Medicament distribution means for multiple medicaments
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F19/00Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific applications
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F19/00Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific applications
    • G06F19/30Medical informatics, i.e. computer-based analysis or dissemination of patient or disease data
    • G06F19/34Computer-assisted medical diagnosis or treatment, e.g. computerised prescription or delivery of medication or diets, computerised local control of medical devices, medical expert systems or telemedicine
    • G06F19/3456Computer-assisted prescription or delivery of medication, e.g. prescription filling or compliance checking
    • G06F19/3462Computer-assisted distribution of medication from dispensers, i.e. making sure that medication is correctly delivered to patients
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F11/00Coin-freed apparatus for dispensing, or the like, discrete articles
    • G07F11/62Coin-freed apparatus for dispensing, or the like, discrete articles in which the articles are stored in compartments in fixed receptacles
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F17/00Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services
    • G07F17/0092Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for assembling and dispensing of pharmaceutical articles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61JCONTAINERS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR MEDICAL OR PHARMACEUTICAL PURPOSES; DEVICES OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR BRINGING PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS INTO PARTICULAR PHYSICAL OR ADMINISTERING FORMS; DEVICES FOR ADMINISTERING FOOD OR MEDICINES ORALLY; BABY COMFORTERS; DEVICES FOR RECEIVING SPITTLE
    • A61J2205/00General identification or selection means

Abstract

A physical distribution system for distributing prescribed medications ordered by physicians from a storeroom via a pharmacy to patients in a hospital department in a secure and reliable manner. The physical distribution system comprises a container with compartments, and dispensers. Each of the compartments is associated with an electronic lock associated with an opening code uniquely associated with a physician, a patient and prescription data. Each of the plurality of dispensers is associated with a unique patient related code. Each electronic lock is arranged to enable entering the prescribed medications into the associated compartment upon identification of the associate opening code. Each electronic lock is arranged to enable disposing prescribed medications from compartments into the dispenser upon identification of a patient related code on the dispenser corresponding to patient data in the opening code. The prescribed medications are associated with their prescription data.

Description

    BACKGROUND
  • 1. Technical Field
  • The present invention generally relates to the field of medications. More particularly, the present invention relates to distributing medications reliably.
  • 2. Discussion of Related Art
  • It is crucial that appropriate medication prescribed by physician will be applied to patients at the correct dose and time, even in a hospital dealing with many physicians, many patients and very many prescriptions.
  • The following patents and patent applications are incorporated herein by reference in their entirety: WIPO Publication No. WO2007008720, which discloses a biometric medication container with a locked medication container that can be unlocked opened in response to a person's matching biometric characteristic and satisfaction of pre-established rules of access relating to day and time; U.S. Patent Publication No. US20030179073, which discloses an electronic secure locking system for inhibiting unauthorized utilization of a protected devise, such as a container with electronic locking mechanism installed in the inner side of a container doors; WIPO Publication No. WO2006016150, which discloses an improved secure dispensing system; U.S. Patent Publication No. US2006255912, which discloses a locked storage container connected to remote computers such that access for particular delivery persons or companies is authorized when the owner of the appliance has placed an order; U.S. Pat. No. 7,063,252, which discloses an electronic lock and money control system capable of single unit stand-alone operation, as well as expandability to a network of multiple units having one of the units operate as a centralized network controller; and WIPO Publication No. WO9740250, which discloses a safe device comprising a number of safe-deposit boxes each lockable by an individual door.
  • BRIEF SUMMARY
  • Embodiments of the present invention provide a physical distribution system for distributing prescribed medications ordered by physicians from a storeroom via a pharmacy to patients in a hospital department in a secure and reliable manner. The physical distribution system comprises at least one container comprising a plurality compartments, and a plurality of dispensers. Each of the plurality of compartments is operatively associated with an electronic lock associated with an opening code uniquely associated with a physician, a patient and prescription data. Each of the plurality of dispensers is associated with a unique patient related code. Each electronic lock is arranged to enable entering the prescribed medications into the associated compartment upon identification of the associate opening code. Each electronic lock is arranged to enable disposing prescribed medications from at least one compartment into at least one dispenser upon identification of a patient related code on the dispenser corresponding to patient data in the opening code. The prescribed medications are associated with their prescription data.
  • In embodiments, opening code and the patient related code comprise barcodes and the electronic lock comprises a barcode reader, such that all information about the prescribed medication is associated with the barcodes.
  • These, additional, and/or other aspects and/or advantages of the present invention are: set forth in the detailed description which follows; possibly inferable from the detailed description; and/or learnable by practice of the present invention.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The present invention will be more readily understood from the detailed description of embodiments thereof made in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of which:
  • FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating of a physical distribution system, according to some embodiments of the invention;
  • FIG. 2 is a flowchart illustrating a method of distributing prescribed medications ordered by physicians from a storeroom via a pharmacy to patients in a hospital department in a secure and reliable manner, according to some embodiments of the invention;
  • FIG. 3A and FIG. 3B are illustrations of a container comprising a plurality compartments for storing and distributing medications, according to some embodiments of the invention; and
  • FIGS. 4A, 4B and 4C are illustrations of a dispenser for distributing medications, according to some embodiments of the invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • Before explaining at least one embodiment of the invention in detail, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited in its application to the details of construction and the arrangement of the components set forth in the following description or illustrated in the drawings. The invention is applicable to other embodiments or of being practiced or carried out in various ways. Also, it is to be understood that the phraseology and terminology employed herein is for the purpose of description and should not be regarded as limiting.
  • FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating of a physical distribution system, according to some embodiments of the invention. The physical distribution system comprises at least one container 130 comprising a plurality compartments and a plurality of dispensers 140. The physical distribution system supports distributing prescribed medications (102) ordered by physicians 90 (101A, 101B and 101C) from a storeroom 120 via a pharmacy to patients 80 in a hospital department in a secure and reliable manner. Upon checking (101A) patient 80 by physician 90, physician 90 issues (101B) a prescription 110 sent (101C) to storeroom 120. Storeroom 120 delivers (102A) the prescribed medications to the pharmacy, where these are stored in corresponding compartments in container 130. Each compartment is operatively associated with an electronic lock associated with an opening code uniquely associated with physician 90, patient 80 and prescription 110 data. Each electronic lock is arranged to enable entering the prescribed medications into the associated compartment upon identification of the associate opening code. Medications are taken out (102B) of container 130 by using dispensers 140. Dispensers 140 are associated with a unique patient related code, and each electronic lock is arranged to enable disposing prescribed medications from the appropriate compartments in container 130 into dispenser 140 upon identification of a patient related code on the dispenser corresponding to patient data in the opening code. Dispensers 140 may be then used (102C) by, for example, a nurse 85 to deliver (102D) the prescribed medications to patient 80. The prescribed medications are associated with their prescription data via data related to dispenser 140 or the patient related code.
  • According to some embodiments of the invention, the opening code and the patient related code may comprise barcodes and the electronic lock may comprise a barcode reader, such that all information about the prescribed medication (e.g. patient 80, physician 90, names of medications, prescribed dose and application times etc.) is associated with the barcodes.
  • FIG. 2 is a flowchart illustrating a method of distributing prescribed medications ordered by physicians from a storeroom via a pharmacy to patients in a hospital department in a secure and reliable manner, according to some embodiments of the invention. The method comprises the stages: Receiving prescriptions (stage 200) from, for example, physicians or a hospital's computerized system. The prescriptions are associated with: opening codes and patient related code as prescribed by physicians to patients; taking medications from storeroom according to prescriptions (stage 210); identifying medications (stage 220) according to an opening code associated with the prescribed medications; storing medications in the appropriate compartment (stage 230); dispensing medications into appropriate dispenser (stage 240) according to a unique patient related code associated with the dispenser; and supplying medications to appropriate patients and appropriate times (stage 250) according to information related to the unique patient code associated with the dispenser.
  • FIG. 3A and FIG. 3B are illustrations of a container 300 comprising a plurality compartments 310 for storing and distributing medications, according to some embodiments of the invention. FIG. 3A illustrates container 300. FIG. 3B illustrates compartment 310. Each compartment 310 comprises an opening 315, a handle 316 for opening compartment 310, a description 318 of the content of compartment 310, an indicator 311 of the state of compartment 310 (e.g. empty, full, locked, open) as well as an electronic lock 312 associated with an opening code uniquely associated with physician 90, patient 80 and prescription 110 data. Each electronic lock 312 is arranged to enable entering the prescribed medications into the associated compartment 310 upon identification of the associate opening code. Electronic lock 312 may e.g. comprise a barcode reader for identifying medications and prescriptions, dispensers 140 may be labeled with a barcode.
  • According to some embodiments of the invention, container 300 may stand alone at a pharmacy, wherein medications may be entered into appropriate compartments 310 after barcode identification, related to the medication and possibly to patient data. Medications may be taken out of compartment 310 following a patient identification.
  • According to some embodiments of the invention, container 300 may stand alone at a hospital department. Responsible personnel may enter medications into the appropriate compartments and container 300 may be programmed to indicate time and doses of medicaments in relation to patients, according to inputted prescription data.
  • FIGS. 4A, 4B and 4C are illustrations of a dispenser 400 for distributing medications, according to some embodiments of the invention. FIG. 4A is a perspective view. FIG. 4B is a top view. FIG. 4C is a bottom view. Dispenser 400 comprises several receptacles and a rotatable cover 401. Rotatable cover 401 is divided into several sectors 415 corresponding to receptacles beneath them. One sector 410 may be open, whereas the other sectors 415A, 415B, 415C may be marked according to the content of the receptacles. Cover 401 may be rotatable 402 manually or electronically such that each receptacle may get under open sector 410. Dispenser 400 may further comprise a handle 403 with a code trigger 404 and a power and data connector 420. Dispenser 140 is associated with a unique patient related code. According to some embodiments of the invention, dispenser 140 further comprises a code reader 412 for identifying a unique patient related code.
  • According to some embodiments of the invention, prescribed medications may be disposed from the appropriate compartments in container 130 into dispenser 400 upon identification of a patient related code on dispenser 400 corresponding to patient data in the opening code (e.g. operated by code trigger 404). Patient data itself may be read by code reader 412. Dispenser 400 may be then used by a nurse 85 to deliver the prescribed medications to patient 80, where affirmation of patient code may be carried out by code trigger 404. The prescribed medications are associated with their prescription data via data related to dispenser 400 or the patient related code.
  • According to some embodiments of the invention, dispenser 400 or container 300 may stand alone and be programmable to open at predefined times relating to prescription inputted electronically or manually (e.g. by reading the barcodes of prescriptions at the time of entering the medications). Compartments 310 or the receptacles may open automatically at predefined times or just indicated that due times have come to provide patients with medications. Indication of concrete patient names, medications and doses may be further supplied by either dispenser 400 or container 300.
  • In the above description, an embodiment is an example or implementation of the inventions. The various appearances of “one embodiment,” “an embodiment” or “some embodiments” do not necessarily all refer to the same embodiments.
  • Although various features of the invention may be described in the context of a single embodiment, the features may also be provided separately or in any suitable combination. Conversely, although the invention may be described herein in the context of separate embodiments for clarity, the invention may also be implemented in a single embodiment.
  • Reference in the specification to “some embodiments”, “an embodiment”, “one embodiment” or “other embodiments” means that a particular feature, structure, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiments is included in at least some embodiments, but not necessarily all embodiments, of the inventions.
  • It is understood that the phraseology and terminology employed herein is not to be construed as limiting and are for descriptive purpose only.
  • The principles and uses of the teachings of the present invention may be better understood with reference to the accompanying description, figures and examples.
  • It is to be understood that the details set forth herein do not construe a limitation to an application of the invention.
  • Furthermore, it is to be understood that the invention can be carried out or practiced in various ways and that the invention can be implemented in embodiments other than the ones outlined in the description above.
  • It is to be understood that where the claims or specification refer to “a” or “an” element, such reference is not be construed that there is only one of that element.
  • It is to be understood that where the specification states that a component, feature, structure, or characteristic “may”, “might”, “can” or “could” be included, that particular component, feature, structure, or characteristic is not required to be included.
  • Where applicable, although state diagrams, flow diagrams or both may be used to describe embodiments, the invention is not limited to those diagrams or to the corresponding descriptions. For example, flow need not move through each illustrated box or state, or in exactly the same order as illustrated and described.
  • Methods of the present invention may be implemented by performing or completing manually, automatically, or a combination thereof, selected steps or tasks.
  • The term “method” may refer to manners, means, techniques and procedures for accomplishing a given task including, but not limited to, those manners, means, techniques and procedures either known to, or readily developed from known manners, means, techniques and procedures by practitioners of the art to which the invention belongs.
  • The descriptions, examples, methods and materials presented in the claims and the specification are not to be construed as limiting but rather as illustrative only.
  • Meanings of technical and scientific terms used herein are to be commonly understood as by one of ordinary skill in the art to which the invention belongs, unless otherwise defined.
  • The present invention can be implemented in the testing or practice with methods and materials equivalent or similar to those described herein.
  • While the invention has been described with respect to a limited number of embodiments, these should not be construed as limitations on the scope of the invention, but rather as exemplifications of some of the preferred embodiments. Those skilled in the art will envision other possible variations, modifications, and applications that are also within the scope of the invention. Accordingly, the scope of the invention should not be limited by what has thus far been described, but by the appended claims and their legal equivalents.

Claims (11)

  1. 1. A physical distribution system for distributing prescribed medications, ordered by physicians, from a storeroom via a pharmacy to patients in a hospital department in a secure and reliable manner, the physical distribution system comprising:
    at least one container comprising a plurality compartments; and
    a plurality of dispensers,
    wherein each of the plurality of compartments is operatively associated with an electronic lock associated with an opening code uniquely associated with a physician, a patient and prescription data,
    wherein each of the plurality of dispensers is associated with a unique patient related code,
    wherein each electronic lock is arranged to enable entering the prescribed medications into the associated compartment upon identification of the associated opening code,
    wherein each electronic lock is arranged to enable disposing prescribed medications from at least one compartment into at least one dispenser upon identification of a patient related code on the dispenser corresponding to patient data in the opening code, and
    wherein the prescribed medications are associated with their prescription data.
  2. 2. The physical distribution system of claim 1, wherein the opening code and the patient related code both comprise barcodes, wherein the electronic lock comprises a barcode reader, and wherein information related to the prescribed medications is associated with the barcodes.
  3. 3. The physical distribution system of claim 2, wherein the information comprises at least one of: patient data, physician data, names of medications, a prescribed dose, and application times.
  4. 4. The physical distribution system of claim 1, wherein each compartment comprises:
    an opening;
    a handle for opening the compartment;
    a description of the content of the compartment; and
    an indicator of the state of compartment.
  5. 5. The physical distribution system of claim 1, wherein each dispenser comprises:
    a plurality of receptacles; and
    a rotatable cover divided into several sectors corresponding to the receptacles beneath them, wherein one sector is open,
    wherein prescribed medications are dispensed from the appropriate compartments in container into the corresponding receptacle in the dispenser upon identification of a patient related code on the dispenser corresponding to patient data in the opening code.
  6. 6. The physical distribution system of claim 1, wherein each dispenser comprises:
    a handle with a code trigger; and
    a code reader for identifying a unique patient related code; and
    a power and data connector,
    wherein code reader is arranged to read patient data, and
    wherein code trigger is arranged to enable affirmation of the patient code.
  7. 7. The physical distribution system of claim 1, wherein at least one of: the dispenser; and the container, is programmable to open at predefined times according to a prescription inputted in a mode that is at least one of: electronic, and manual.
  8. 8. The physical distribution system of claim 1, wherein at least one of: the dispenser; and the container, comprises an indication of at least one of: patient data; medication data; prescription data, in relation to the content of the at least one of: the dispenser; and the container.
  9. 9. A method of distributing prescribed medications ordered by physicians from a storeroom via a pharmacy to patients in a hospital department in a secure and reliable manner, the method comprising:
    taking the prescribed medications from the storeroom;
    identifying the prescribed medications;
    storing the prescribed medications in at least one compartment;
    dispensing the prescribed medications into at least one dispenser; and
    supplying medications to the patients at prescribed times;
    wherein the identifying the prescribed medications is carried out according to an opening code associated with the prescribed medications,
    wherein the dispensing the prescribed medications is carried out according to patient related code associated with the at least one dispenser, and
    wherein the opening code and the patient related code are according to patients related prescription from the physicians.
  10. 10. The method of claim 9, further comprising receiving prescriptions and associating prescriptions with opening codes and patient related codes.
  11. 11. A distribution system for distributing prescribed medications, comprising:
    a container with a plurality compartments, each compartment operatively associated with an electronic lock openable upon receipt of an opening code uniquely associated with a physician, a patient and prescription data, each electronic lock configured to receive prescribed medication into the associated compartment upon identification of the associated opening code; and
    a plurality of dispensers, each dispenser associated with a unique patient related code,
    wherein each electronic lock permits dispensing of a prescribed medication from the associated compartment into at least one dispenser upon identification of a patient related code on the dispenser corresponding to patient data in the opening code, and
    wherein the prescribed medications are associated with their prescription data.
US12352165 2009-01-12 2009-01-12 Distributing prescribed medications Abandoned US20100176146A1 (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20140375422A1 (en) * 2013-06-20 2014-12-25 Parakeet, Llc Technologies and methods for security access
US9150119B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2015-10-06 Aesynt Incorporated Apparatuses, systems, and methods for anticipating and delivering medications from a central pharmacy to a patient using a track based transport system
US9424722B2 (en) 2014-05-14 2016-08-23 Unlimited Liability, LLC Smart memory material lock devices
US9511945B2 (en) 2012-10-12 2016-12-06 Aesynt Incorporated Apparatuses, systems, and methods for transporting medications from a central pharmacy to a patient in a healthcare facility
US9514131B1 (en) * 2010-05-30 2016-12-06 Crisi Medical Systems, Inc. Medication container encoding, verification, and identification
US10029856B2 (en) 2016-03-01 2018-07-24 Aesynt Incorporated Apparatuses, systems, and methods for transporting medications from a central pharmacy to a patient in a healthcare facility

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9514131B1 (en) * 2010-05-30 2016-12-06 Crisi Medical Systems, Inc. Medication container encoding, verification, and identification
US9511945B2 (en) 2012-10-12 2016-12-06 Aesynt Incorporated Apparatuses, systems, and methods for transporting medications from a central pharmacy to a patient in a healthcare facility
US9150119B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2015-10-06 Aesynt Incorporated Apparatuses, systems, and methods for anticipating and delivering medications from a central pharmacy to a patient using a track based transport system
US20140375422A1 (en) * 2013-06-20 2014-12-25 Parakeet, Llc Technologies and methods for security access
US9659424B2 (en) * 2013-06-20 2017-05-23 Parakeet Technologies, Inc. Technologies and methods for security access
US9424722B2 (en) 2014-05-14 2016-08-23 Unlimited Liability, LLC Smart memory material lock devices
US9697708B2 (en) 2014-05-14 2017-07-04 Unlimited Liability, LLC Smart memory material lock devices
US10029856B2 (en) 2016-03-01 2018-07-24 Aesynt Incorporated Apparatuses, systems, and methods for transporting medications from a central pharmacy to a patient in a healthcare facility

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Owner name: BRADMAN GONZALEZ, EDUARDO, ISRAEL

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Owner name: BEN-DOR, SHIMON, ISRAEL

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Effective date: 20081230