US20100170979A1 - Apparatus for dispensing sheet material - Google Patents

Apparatus for dispensing sheet material Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20100170979A1
US20100170979A1 US12/699,190 US69919010A US2010170979A1 US 20100170979 A1 US20100170979 A1 US 20100170979A1 US 69919010 A US69919010 A US 69919010A US 2010170979 A1 US2010170979 A1 US 2010170979A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
sheet material
roll
apparatus
dispenser
identification
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US12/699,190
Inventor
Richard Paul Lewis
Paul Francis Tramontina
David W. Kapiloff
Stephen L. Phelps
Darrell R. Johnson
Gerald L. Clark
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Kimberly Clark Worldwide Inc
Original Assignee
Kimberly Clark Worldwide Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US10/750,238 priority Critical patent/US7726599B2/en
Application filed by Kimberly Clark Worldwide Inc filed Critical Kimberly Clark Worldwide Inc
Priority to US12/699,190 priority patent/US20100170979A1/en
Publication of US20100170979A1 publication Critical patent/US20100170979A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47KSANITARY EQUIPMENT NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; TOILET ACCESSORIES
    • A47K10/00Body-drying implements; Toilet paper; Holders therefor
    • A47K10/24Towel dispensers, e.g. for piled-up or folded textile towels; Toilet-paper dispensers; Dispensers for piled-up or folded textile towels provided or not with devices for taking-up soiled towels as far as not mechanically driven
    • A47K10/32Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper
    • A47K10/42Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper dispensing from a store of single sheets, e.g. stacked
    • A47K10/424Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper dispensing from a store of single sheets, e.g. stacked dispensing from the bottom part of the dispenser
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47KSANITARY EQUIPMENT NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; TOILET ACCESSORIES
    • A47K10/00Body-drying implements; Toilet paper; Holders therefor
    • A47K10/24Towel dispensers, e.g. for piled-up or folded textile towels; Toilet-paper dispensers; Dispensers for piled-up or folded textile towels provided or not with devices for taking-up soiled towels as far as not mechanically driven
    • A47K10/32Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper
    • A47K10/34Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper dispensing from a web, e.g. with mechanical dispensing means
    • A47K10/36Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper dispensing from a web, e.g. with mechanical dispensing means with mechanical dispensing, roll switching or cutting devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47KSANITARY EQUIPMENT NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; TOILET ACCESSORIES
    • A47K10/00Body-drying implements; Toilet paper; Holders therefor
    • A47K10/24Towel dispensers, e.g. for piled-up or folded textile towels; Toilet-paper dispensers; Dispensers for piled-up or folded textile towels provided or not with devices for taking-up soiled towels as far as not mechanically driven
    • A47K10/32Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper
    • A47K10/34Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper dispensing from a web, e.g. with mechanical dispensing means
    • A47K10/38Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper dispensing from a web, e.g. with mechanical dispensing means the web being rolled up with or without tearing edge
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47KSANITARY EQUIPMENT NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; TOILET ACCESSORIES
    • A47K10/00Body-drying implements; Toilet paper; Holders therefor
    • A47K10/24Towel dispensers, e.g. for piled-up or folded textile towels; Toilet-paper dispensers; Dispensers for piled-up or folded textile towels provided or not with devices for taking-up soiled towels as far as not mechanically driven
    • A47K10/32Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper
    • A47K10/34Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper dispensing from a web, e.g. with mechanical dispensing means
    • A47K10/38Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper dispensing from a web, e.g. with mechanical dispensing means the web being rolled up with or without tearing edge
    • A47K10/3809Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper dispensing from a web, e.g. with mechanical dispensing means the web being rolled up with or without tearing edge with roll spindles which are not directly supported
    • A47K10/3827Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper dispensing from a web, e.g. with mechanical dispensing means the web being rolled up with or without tearing edge with roll spindles which are not directly supported with a distribution opening which is parallel to the rotation axis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47KSANITARY EQUIPMENT NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; TOILET ACCESSORIES
    • A47K10/00Body-drying implements; Toilet paper; Holders therefor
    • A47K10/24Towel dispensers, e.g. for piled-up or folded textile towels; Toilet-paper dispensers; Dispensers for piled-up or folded textile towels provided or not with devices for taking-up soiled towels as far as not mechanically driven
    • A47K10/32Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper
    • A47K10/34Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper dispensing from a web, e.g. with mechanical dispensing means
    • A47K10/38Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper dispensing from a web, e.g. with mechanical dispensing means the web being rolled up with or without tearing edge
    • A47K10/3845Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper dispensing from a web, e.g. with mechanical dispensing means the web being rolled up with or without tearing edge with devices preventing the use of non-authorised paper rolls
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47KSANITARY EQUIPMENT NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; TOILET ACCESSORIES
    • A47K5/00Holders or dispensers for soap, toothpaste, or the like
    • A47K5/06Dispensers for soap
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47KSANITARY EQUIPMENT NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; TOILET ACCESSORIES
    • A47K5/00Holders or dispensers for soap, toothpaste, or the like
    • A47K5/06Dispensers for soap
    • A47K5/12Dispensers for soap for liquid or pasty soap
    • A47K5/1202Dispensers for soap for liquid or pasty soap dispensing dosed volume
    • A47K5/1208Dispensers for soap for liquid or pasty soap dispensing dosed volume by means of a flexible dispensing chamber
    • A47K5/1209Dispensers for soap for liquid or pasty soap dispensing dosed volume by means of a flexible dispensing chamber with chamber in the form of a cylindrical tube
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47KSANITARY EQUIPMENT NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; TOILET ACCESSORIES
    • A47K5/00Holders or dispensers for soap, toothpaste, or the like
    • A47K5/06Dispensers for soap
    • A47K5/12Dispensers for soap for liquid or pasty soap
    • A47K5/1217Electrical control means for the dispensing mechanism
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47KSANITARY EQUIPMENT NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; TOILET ACCESSORIES
    • A47K10/00Body-drying implements; Toilet paper; Holders therefor
    • A47K10/24Towel dispensers, e.g. for piled-up or folded textile towels; Toilet-paper dispensers; Dispensers for piled-up or folded textile towels provided or not with devices for taking-up soiled towels as far as not mechanically driven
    • A47K10/32Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper
    • A47K10/34Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper dispensing from a web, e.g. with mechanical dispensing means
    • A47K10/36Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper dispensing from a web, e.g. with mechanical dispensing means with mechanical dispensing, roll switching or cutting devices
    • A47K10/3606The cutting devices being motor driven
    • A47K10/3612The cutting devices being motor driven with drive and pinch rollers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47KSANITARY EQUIPMENT NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; TOILET ACCESSORIES
    • A47K10/00Body-drying implements; Toilet paper; Holders therefor
    • A47K10/24Towel dispensers, e.g. for piled-up or folded textile towels; Toilet-paper dispensers; Dispensers for piled-up or folded textile towels provided or not with devices for taking-up soiled towels as far as not mechanically driven
    • A47K10/32Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper
    • A47K10/34Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper dispensing from a web, e.g. with mechanical dispensing means
    • A47K10/36Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper dispensing from a web, e.g. with mechanical dispensing means with mechanical dispensing, roll switching or cutting devices
    • A47K10/3606The cutting devices being motor driven
    • A47K10/3625The cutting devices being motor driven with electronic control means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47KSANITARY EQUIPMENT NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; TOILET ACCESSORIES
    • A47K10/00Body-drying implements; Toilet paper; Holders therefor
    • A47K10/24Towel dispensers, e.g. for piled-up or folded textile towels; Toilet-paper dispensers; Dispensers for piled-up or folded textile towels provided or not with devices for taking-up soiled towels as far as not mechanically driven
    • A47K10/32Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper
    • A47K2010/3226Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper collecting data of usage
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47KSANITARY EQUIPMENT NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; TOILET ACCESSORIES
    • A47K10/00Body-drying implements; Toilet paper; Holders therefor
    • A47K10/24Towel dispensers, e.g. for piled-up or folded textile towels; Toilet-paper dispensers; Dispensers for piled-up or folded textile towels provided or not with devices for taking-up soiled towels as far as not mechanically driven
    • A47K10/32Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper
    • A47K10/34Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper dispensing from a web, e.g. with mechanical dispensing means
    • A47K10/36Dispensers for paper towels or toilet-paper dispensing from a web, e.g. with mechanical dispensing means with mechanical dispensing, roll switching or cutting devices
    • A47K2010/3668Detection of the presence of a user

Abstract

A sheet material dispenser includes a controller for automatically controlling the lengths of sheet materials dispensed from a continuous roll by identifying the type of sheet materials on the roll and dispensing suitable lengths of the identified sheet material. The dispenser desirably has a support for rotatably supporting a roll of sheet material carrying identification relating to the type of sheet material on the roll, and an identifier positioned in or adjacent the dispenser for identifying the type of sheet material on the roll. A processor receives data from the identifier, processes the data and generates an output command, and a controller controls the lengths of sheet material dispensed from the roll in response to the output command. In this way, more absorbent products may be dispensed in shorter lengths and less absorbent products may be dispensed in longer lengths.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to the dispensing of sheet material. More specifically, the invention relates to an apparatus for dispensing predetermined lengths of sheet material.
  • Sheet material dispensers for dispensing, for example, but not by way of limitation, paper towels, generally include a housing, and a supply of sheet material within the housing in the form of individual sheets, folded sheets, festooned sheets, or a roll of sheet material which can be dispensed as individual sheet materials, such as, for example only, paper towels. Roll towel dispensers typically include a mechanism for advancing sheets or unrolling the sheet material roll. In some dispensers, the mechanism includes a lever or a crank for manually dispensing sheet material from the roll, and the dispenser housing often carries a blade for cutting the lengths of sheet material from the roll. Manual contact with a dispenser lever or one or more sheets touched by another user can be a health hazard for a user, especially in certain environments such as, by way of non-limiting example, in hospitals, and so forth.
  • Further, another disadvantage of sheet dispensers is that the softness and absorbency characteristics of the sheet material, or lack thereof, are limited by the mechanical and/or electrical limitations of the dispenser. That is, the dispenser has a predetermined setting which provides the same amount of sheet material to a user, whether or not the sheet material is a soft, highly absorbent sheet material, or whether the sheet material has a much lower absorbency.
  • A sheet material which is soft and highly absorbent only requires, for example, about eleven to twelve inches, or less, of sheet material per hand drying even to sufficiently dry a user's hands to the user's satisfaction. A sheet which is not highly absorbent may require fourteen inches, eighteen inches, or more to sufficiently dry a user's hands to the user's satisfaction. When a dispenser is preset to dispense, for example, about twelve inches of sheet material, it may satisfy a user if highly absorbent. However, if the sheet material is low absorbency, it will likely result in the user obtaining at least another twelve (12) inch sheet. This results in waste, higher costs to maintain sheet material in the dispenser, and a greater environmental impact.
  • Some dispensers allow a change in length of the sheet material dispensed by a manual manipulation of the dispenser prior to the introduction of a new roll of sheet material. A disadvantage with these dispensers is that they require an operator to manually adjust the sheet material length during replacement of a roll. Apart from requiring time, effort and expertise from the operator, there is the risk of human error in the resetting operation.
  • Accordingly, there remains a need in the art for a sheet material dispenser which automatically dispenses different lengths of sheet material based on characteristics of the sheet material, such as absorbency, and so forth. Desirably, such a sheet material dispenser would recognize the sheet material, and would dispense an appropriate amount in one sheet to satisfy a user's hand drying needs, but limit cost and waste.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • Aspects and advantages of the invention are set forth below in the following description, or may be obvious from the description, or may be learned through practice of the invention.
  • The present invention provides a sheet material dispenser which controls the lengths of sheet material dispensed from a continuous roll by identifying the type of sheet material on the roll and dispensing suitable lengths of the identified sheet material. The dispenser desirably may include a support for supporting sheet material carrying identification relating to the type of sheet material, and an identifier in or adjacent the dispenser for identifying the type of sheet material. A processor receives data from the identifier, processes the data and generates an output command, and a controller controls the lengths of sheet material dispensed from the roll in response to the output command. In this way, more absorbent products can be dispensed in shorter lengths and less absorbent products in longer lengths.
  • The identifier may be a reader or scanner which reads data from identification on the sheet material or on a core of the sheet material roll. In this case, the identification may comprise a label, a logo, a bar code, a magnetic strip, a radio frequency identification device (RFID) such as a “smart” tag or chip, or a hologram on the roll of sheet material. Desirably, the identification on the roll of sheet material is encoded, and the dispenser includes a decoder for decoding the encoded data.
  • Alternatively, the identifier may comprise an infrared emitter/detector circuit which is arranged to emit infrared light into the core of the sheet material roll, and to detect reflection of the light off reflective identification on the core of the roll.
  • The broad scope of the applicability of the present invention will become apparent to those of skill in the art from the details given below.
  • The detailed description of the preferred embodiments of the invention is given by way of example only, and various modifications within the scope of the invention will be apparent to those of skill in the art.
  • Those of ordinary skill in the art will better appreciate the features and aspects of such embodiments, and others, upon review of the specification.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • A full and enabling disclosure of the present invention, including the best mode thereof to one skilled in the art, is set forth more particularly in the remainder of the specification, including reference to the accompanying figures, in which:
  • FIG. 1 is a side view, partially in cross-section, of a sheet material dispenser according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 2 is a front view of a portion of the dispenser of FIG. 1 in an open condition.
  • FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view along the line 3-3 in FIG. 2.
  • FIG. 4 is a block diagram of the dispenser illustrated in FIG. 1.
  • FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of a portion of a dispenser according to a another embodiment of the invention.
  • FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a portion of a dispenser according to a still another embodiment of the invention;
  • FIG. 7 is a front view of a portion of the dispenser of FIG. 1 in an open condition, showing a module which is inserted into the dispenser housing of the present invention;
  • FIG. 8 is a block diagram of yet another embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIG. 9 is a logic chart of a dispense paper routine;
  • FIG. 10 is a logic chart of a check dispenser status routine;
  • FIG. 11 is a logic chart of a paper routine; and
  • FIG. 12 is a block diagram of still yet another embodiment of the present invention.
  • DEFINITIONS
  • As used herein, the term “identification” when used as a noun means anything on an object which serves to identify the object.
  • As used herein, the term “identifier” means a mechanism or a device for identifying an object from identification on the object.
  • As used herein, the term “comprising” is intended to be inclusive or open-ended, and is not intended to exclude additional elements or method steps which do not prevent operation of the invention.
  • As used herein, the term “fasteners” means devices that fasten, join, connect, secure, hold, or clamp components together. Fasteners include, but are not limited to, screws, nuts and bolts, rivets, snap-fits, tacks, nails, loop fasteners, and interlocking male/female connectors, such as fishhook connectors, a fish hook connector includes a male portion with a protrusion on its circumference. Inserting the male portion into the female portion substantially permanently locks the two portions together.
  • As used herein, the term “basis weight” (hereinafter may be referred to as “BW”) is the weight per unit area of a sample and may be reported as grams per meter squared (gsm). The basis weight may be measured using test procedure ASTM D 3776-96 or TAM Test Method T-220.
  • As used herein, the term “hinge” refers to a jointed or flexible device that connects and permits pivoting or turning of a part to a stationary component. Hinges include, but are not limited to, metal pivotable connectors, such as those used to fasten a door to frame, and living hinges. Living hinges may be constructed from plastic and formed integrally between two members. A living hinge permits pivotable movement of one member in relation to another connected member.
  • As used herein, the term “couple” includes, but is not limited to, joining, connecting, fastening, linking, or associating two things integrally or interstitially together.
  • As used herein, the terms “sheet material” and “paper” means a material that is thin in comparison to its length and breadth. Generally speaking, sheet materials should exhibit a relatively flat planar configuration and be flexible to permit folding, rolling, stacking, and the like. Exemplary sheet materials and papers include, but are not limited to, paper tissue, bath/toilet tissue, paper towels, wipes, label rolls, or other fibrous, film, polymers, or filamentary products. The terms “sheet material” and “paper” may be used interchangeably.
  • These terms may be defined with additional language in the remaining portions of the specification.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • Reference will now be made in detail to present embodiments of the invention, one or more examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings. The detailed description uses numerical and letter designations to refer to features in the drawings. Like or similar designations in the drawings and description have been used to refer to like or similar parts of the invention.
  • Each example is provided by way of explanation of the invention, not limitation of the invention. In fact, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications and variations can be made in the present invention without departing from the scope or spirit thereof. For instance, features illustrated or described as part of one embodiment may be used on another embodiment to yield a still further embodiment. Thus, it is intended that the present invention covers such modifications and variations as come within the scope of the appended claims and their equivalents.
  • FIG. 1 of the drawings illustrates a dispenser 10 for dispensing a web of sheet material 12 from a continuous roll 14 according to one embodiment of the present invention. The web of sheet material in this embodiment comprises an absorbent material, such as paper toweling, and so forth, which may be periodically perforated for separation.
  • With reference also to FIG. 2 of the drawings, the dispenser 10 is seen to include a dispenser housing 16 having a back panel 18 mountable to a wall or similar vertical surface, a pair of opposed side panels 20 and 22, and a front cover 24. The front cover 24 is desirably, but not by way of limitation, pivotally connected to a lower portion of the housing 16 with hinges 28 so as to be movable between a closed condition, as illustrated in FIG. 1, and an open condition, as illustrated in FIG. 2. It will be appreciated that the front cover 24 may be connected by fasteners, screws, and any other mechanism known in the art. The front cover 24 of the dispenser housing 16 typically is opened for servicing or for loading a replacement sheet material roll into the dispenser 10. A latch (not shown) allows the front cover 24 to be locked in the closed condition so as to avoid unauthorized tampering with the dispenser components within the housing 16.
  • The sheet material roll 14 desirably includes a core or sleeve 30. The sheet material roll 14 may, alternatively, be a coreless roll, such as that disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,620,148 to J. Mitchell, which is hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety herein for all purposes. The sheet material roll 14 is desirably rotatably supported within the housing 16 by a pair of mounting hubs 32 and 34 which, in the present embodiment, are illustrated as connected to the side panels 20 and 22 of the housing 16 by means of roll holders 36 and 38. It will be appreciated, however, that the housing 16 may be provided as a separate unit with few or no mechanisms connected thereto. In this instance, some or all of the dispensing mechanisms shown and/or described herein may be provided as one or more modules which are inserted into the housing, as illustrated in FIG. 7. Examples of such dispenser housings and modules are disclosed in U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,131,044 and 6,079,035, both of which are incorporated by reference in their entirety herein for all purposes.
  • As can be seen, the sheet material 12 runs off the roll 14, between a pair of rollers 40 and 42, and through a dispensing opening 44, for example, in a lower end 45 of the housing 16. Alternatively, the dispensing opening may be formed in the front cover, or in both a portion of the front cover and a portion of the lower end (not shown). The opening 44 may have a serrated edge (not illustrated), or it may carry teeth (also not illustrated) for severing the web of sheet material. One end of the roller 40 may be rotatably mounted to the side panel 20 of the housing 16 or of a module housing (FIG. 7) by means of a roll holder 46, and one end of the roller 42 may be rotatably mounted to the side panel 20 of the housing 16 or of a module housing (FIG. 7) by means of a roll holder 48. The other ends of the rollers 40 and 42 may be rotatably mounted to the side panel 22 by means of roll holders concealed within a transmission housing 50. The transmission housing 50 contains a transmission (not visible) for transmitting drive from an electric motor 52 to the roller 40 so as to rotate this roller. Alternatively, at least one of the rollers may be mounted in the front cover, as disclosed generally in U.S. Pat. No. 6,607,160 which is incorporated by reference in its entirety herein for all purposes.
  • The rollers 40 and 42 together define a nip 54 having a gap which is desirably slightly smaller than the thickness of the sheet material on the roll 14. The sheet material 12 passes through the nip 54, as shown most clearly in FIG. 1, so that rotation of the drive roller 40 and the driven roller 42 pulls the sheet material off of the roll 14 and dispenses it through the dispensing opening 44.
  • An activation sensor 56 may be mounted to the lower end 45 of the housing 16 (or, alternatively, to a module in the housing (not shown)) adjacent a lens 58, as illustrated in FIG. 1. It will be understood, however, that the activation sensor 56 and/or lens 58, or any activations system shown and/or described herein or known in the art, may be mounted in any area of the housing, so long as it operates as described herein. In this embodiment of the invention, the sensor 56 is desirably, but not by way of limitation, a conventional passive sensor for detecting infrared radiation. Passive infrared detectors are known in the art, and are described, for example, in U.S. Pat. No. 4,757,337 to Shikaumi and U.S. Pat. No. 4,960,248 to Bauer et al, both of which are incorporated herein by reference. A passive infrared detector which may be used with the dispenser 10 is a Model 40623 sold by Eltec Instruments Inc. However, those of skill in the art will appreciate that various different infrared detectors are available, and that many of the available detectors are suitable for use with the dispenser 10. In practice, the sensor 56 is arranged to detect infrared radiation from a user's hand placed below the lens 58, and upon detecting the radiation, to transmit a signal for activating the electric motor 52 so as to dispense a length of sheet material through the dispensing opening 44.
  • It will by understood, however, that other activation mechanisms, such as capacitive and ultrasonic, may be used in the present invention. Capacitive proximity sensors produce an electrostatic field that will sense both metal objects and non-metallic materials such as paper, glass, liquids and cloth. Ultrasonic proximity sensors use a transducer to send and receive high frequency sound signals. When a target enters the beam the sound is reflected back to the sensor, causing it to energize or de-energize the output circuit. Another sensor type is inductive. In this case an electromagnetic field is used, however, detection is limited to only metallic objects.
  • With particular reference now to FIG. 3 of the drawings, the dispenser 10 includes a reader or scanner 60 positioned in a non-limiting example on the housing 16 or module (FIG. 7), and by way of another non-limiting example, the core 30 of the roll 14 carries identification in the form of a Radio Frequency Identification Device (RFID), which in this embodiment comprises a passive “smart” chip or tag 62. It will be understood that the reader or scanner 60 may be positioned on any portion of the dispenser, or near the dispenser, which permits it to operate in the manner shown and described herein. Similarly, it will be appreciated that the smart tag 62 may be positioned on any location, or a number of locations, on the sheet material.
  • The smart tag 62 contains information relating to the type of sheet material on the roll 14, for example information relating to the absorbency, the basis weight, etc. of the sheet material 12. In use, the scanner 60 interrogates the smart tag 62 with an electronic signal, and the smart tag 62, which includes an internal antenna (not visible), in turn generates and transmits an electromagnetic pulse that is readable by the scanner to identify the type of sheet material on the roll 14. The scanner 60 typically is configured to retrieve information from the smart tag 62 and to decode the information.
  • RFID smart tag technology is known and understood by those skilled in the art, and a detailed explanation thereof is not necessary for purposes of describing the dispenser and method of the present invention. Generally, conductive or passive smart tags consist of silicone or other semiconductors, a coiled, etched, or stamped antenna, a capacitor, and a substrate on which the components are mounted or embedded. A protective covering typically is used to encapsulate and seal the substrate. Inductive or passive smart tags have been introduced by Motorola under the name BISTATIX®. A detailed description of the BISTATIX® device may be found in U.S. Pat. No. 6,259,367 to Klein, the entire contents of which is incorporated herein by reference. Further information on smart tags and related technology is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 6,451,154 to Grabau et al; U.S. Pat. No. 6,354,493 to Mon; U.S. Pat. No. 6,362,738 to Vega; and PCT publication WO 02/48955. Various different RFID tags and scanners are available. RFID tags and scanners suitable for use with the dispenser 10 are available from, for example, Philips Semiconductors of Eindhoven, The Netherlands; Sokymat of Lausanne, Switzerland; Checkpoint Systems Inc. of Miami, Fla.; and Omron Company of Tokyo, Japan.
  • Alternatively, the smart tags 62 may be an active device. In this configuration, the smart tag 62 includes active transceiving circuitry that has the capability to selectively respond to coded request signals transmitted by a scanner. An active smart tag 62 may include the capability to receive and store additional information beyond the information contained in its fixed code. An active smart tag 62 requires an internal power supply, such as a micro-battery, thin an battery, and so forth (not shown).
  • The dispenser housing 16 desirably contains at least one battery 64 (see FIGS. 1 and 2) for powering the various electric and electronic components within the dispenser 10. It will be appreciated, however, that more than one, that is, a plurality of batteries may be used. Alternatively, however, the dispenser may be powered by AC or an AC powered transformer adapter.
  • Referring now to FIG. 4 of the drawings, the dispenser 10 includes a processor 66 which receives data from the scanner 60 relating to the type of sheet material on the roll 14. The processor 66 contains an algorithm, which in this embodiment is stored in a chip set embedded on a printed circuit board within the dispenser housing 16, and which is used to process the data from the scanner 60 and to generate an output command for a controller 68. The controller in turn controls the operation of the electric motor 52, and hence the dispensing of the sheet material 12, in a mariner which is described in more detail below.
  • A delay switch 70 is desirably provided for ensuring a minimum delay of, for example, but not by way of limitation, three seconds between successive activations of the electric motor 52. This delay is designed to avoid accidental reactivation of the electric motor, and hence unnecessary dispensing of sheet material by a user. The dispenser 10 also desirably includes a lockout switch 72 which opens when the front cover 24 is pivoted away from the closed condition, so as to prevent communication between the sensor 56 and the controller 68. This prevents operation of the electric motor 52 while the dispenser 10 is open. When the front cover 24 is returned to the closed condition, the lockout switch 72 automatically closes to allow operation of the controller 68 and the electric motor 52. In this way, the switch 72 protects an operator from moving components within the housing 16 during servicing or replacement of the roll of sheet material.
  • An activation switch 74 closes when the front cover 24 is opened, thereby desirably activating the scanner 60. This allows the scanner to read information from the smart tag 62 when the roll 14 is inserted into the dispenser 10. A deactivation switch 76 is also provided for deactivating the scanner 60, to conserve energy, after a predetermined number of revolutions of the drive roller 40, for example 9, or a predetermined number of activations of the electric motor 52, for example 3. It will be understood that any number of revolutions or activations may be set for the deactivation switch.
  • Alternatively, the dispenser 10 may be equipped with a reset system, e.g., a front cover 24 mounted switch that would trip when the front cover 24 was opened for reloading (not shown). In another alternative, a switch could be provided in connection with a fuel gauge which would trip when the fuel gauge goes to a full zero positions, such as when a product roll is replaced (not shown). Once the system is reset, its reading or sensing circuit would be enabled for a discrete or limited increment, for example, three rotations of the drive roller. After this interval and sensing of the product, the reading or sensing system would shut down until the next reset to conserve power. In still another alternative, a momentary contact switch may be provided in conjunction with, for example, one arm of the roll holder, such that movement of the arm, to load a new roll of sheet material, energizes the reading or sensing circuit.
  • The operation of the dispenser 10 will now be described with reference to FIG. 4. First, upon opening the front cover 24 of the dispenser housing 16 for the replacement of the sheet material 12, the activation switch 74 desirably closes to activate the scanner 60. The scanner then reads and decodes information relating to the type of sheet material 12 on the replacement roll 14 from the smart tag 62, and transmits data relating to the type of sheet material to the processor 66. The processor receives the data, processes the data, and generates an output command for adjusting the setting of the controller 68, which in turn controls the electric motor 52 so as to dispense a suitable length of sheet material. In this way, the lengths of sheet material 12 metered or dispensed vary according to the type of sheet material 12 on the roll 14. For example, the dispenser 10 may be set to dispense three different types of sheet material A, B and C having different degrees of softness and absorbency. If the towel A is the most absorbent and the towel C is the least absorbent, the processor 66 typically is set to generate output commands for adjusting the controller 68 so as to dispense shorter lengths of towel A than towel C. For example, the controller 68 may be adjustable to dispense 12 inches of sheet material A, 14 inches of sheet material B, and 18 inches of sheet material C. In this way, higher quality, more absorbent sheet material is efficiently dispensed without significant waste, while lower quality, less absorbent sheet material is dispensed in sufficiently long lengths to effect proper drying of a user's hands. A desired result is to provide one sheet of material to dry a user's hands; the length provided is meant to provide adequate dryness, based on characteristics of the sheet material, such as absorbency, basis weight, and so forth, so that a user only uses one sheet per hand drying episode.
  • Once the controller 68 has been set and the front cover 24 has been closed (and desirably locked), sheet material 12 is dispensed to a user upon triggering of the sensor 56. In this regard, when the sensor 56 detects a user's hand, it transmits a signal to the controller 68, through the switches 70 and 72, and the controller then activates the electric motor 52 to dispense the predetermined length of sheet material to the user. In this embodiment of the invention, the controller 68 desirably includes a counter which limits the number of revolutions of the electric motor 52 to effect dispensing of the desired length of sheet material to the user. The delay switch 70 is opened upon deactivation of the electric motor 52 by the controller 68, and this switch remains open for a predetermined time interval, for example, but not by way of limitation, 3 seconds, to block communication between the sensor 56 and the controller 68. In this manner, the delay switch 70 desirably prevents accidental reactivation of the motor 52 by a user removing sheet material 12 from the dispenser 10, and hence unnecessary dispensing of the sheet material. The delay switch 70 also serves to discourage vandals by frustrating bulk dispensing.
  • When an operator opens the front cover 24 to replace the roll 14, the activation switch 74, by way of non-limiting example, once again activates the seamier 60 so as to allow for the reading of a smart tag on a replacement roll of sheet material inserted into the dispenser 10. In the event that the replacement roll comprises a different sheet material to the previous roll, the processor 66 generates a new output command for adjusting the setting of the controller 68, and hence the length of sheet material to be dispensed by the electric motor 52. Also, as soon as the front cover 24 of the dispenser housing 16 is opened, the lockout switch 72 opens to prevent operation of the electric motor 52, thereby to protect the operator from moving components within the housing 16.
  • In the event that an unrecognized roll of sheet material (“unrecognized roll”, “unrecognized sheet material” and/or “unrecognized paper” as used herein refers to a roll of sheet material which is scanned and either (1) does not send back the expected signal, or (2) does not send back any signal) is loaded into the dispenser 10, and the scanner 60 is unable to read and/or receive information relating to the type of sheet material on the roll, the processor 66 sets the controller 68 to a default setting, which typically is the last stored setting or the maximum setting, which for sheet material A, B and C is 18 inches. In this way, when the dispenser 10 is used to dispense an unrecognized product, such as a product which the dispenser is not designed to dispense, it either dispenses the product at an arbitrary setting or at the maximum setting. Alternatively, the processor 66 may be designed to generate an output command in these instances which blocks operation of the controller 68 entirely so as to prevent operation of the electric motor 52, and hence dispensing of sheet material. Such a function is advantageous because the use of an unrecognized product can result in the jamming of the dispenser or in unsatisfactory dispensing of the product.
  • FIG. 5 illustrates a portion of a dispenser 110 according to a second embodiment of the invention. In this embodiment, a support 112 for a sheet material roll 114 includes a pair of mounting hubs 116 and 118 connected to side panels 120 and 122 (or a mounting module, such as that shown in FIG. 7) of a dispenser housing 124 by means of roll holders 126 and 128. As can be seen, the roll 114 carries a reflective label 130, and the support 112 includes an infrared emitter 132 in the mounting hub 116 and an infrared detector 134 in the mounting hub 118. The emitter 132 is arranged to emit angled infrared light into the core of the roll 114, as shown, which upon reflection off the reflective label 130 is detected by the infrared detector 134 to complete an infrared emitter/detector circuit. If an unauthorized product is inserted into the dispenser 110, the infrared emitter/detector circuit will not be completed, and typically the dispenser will default to a setting in which a relatively long length of sheet material is dispensed. Recognition of different rolls of sheet materials in this embodiment may be accomplished by adjusting the relative reflectivity of the label and therefore total reflected light for various sheet materials. Apart from the infrared emitter/detector circuit, the dispenser 110 is similar in all other respects to the dispenser 10 described above.
  • In FIG. 6 of the drawings, a portion of a dispenser 210 according to a third embodiment of the invention is seen to include a reader 212 for reading a logo 214, a bar code or the like which may be typically stamped or ink-jetted onto a side of a sheet material roll 216. It will be appreciated, however, that the bar code may be located anywhere on the roll 216. The reader 212 in this embodiment is desirably located on a support arm 218 for rotatably supporting the roll 216 within a dispenser housing 220, and is positioned so as to be aligned with the path of travel of the logo 214, although it will be appreciated that, like the bar code, the reader 212 may be positioned anywhere within the dispenser housing 216, so long as it operates as described herein. Accordingly, as the roll 216 rotates on the support arm 218, the logo 214 passes the reader 212 to identify the roll. Once the type of sheet material has been identified, the dispenser 210 is automatically set to dispense a suitable length of the sheet material. If an unrecognized product without the required marking 214 is inserted into the dispenser 210, a default setting typically will be assumed in which a relatively long length of sheet material is dispensed. Apart from the support arms 218 and the reader 212, the dispenser 210 is similar in all respects to the dispenser 10 described above.
  • It will be appreciated that the reader 212 may be configured to read and/or recognize a specific label, a specific logo, a magnetic strip, a hologram, and so forth. Accordingly, the present embodiment is intended as a non-limiting example.
  • A portion of a dispenser 310 according to a fourth embodiment of the invention is illustrated in FIG. 7 of the drawings. The dispenser 310 is similar in many respects to the dispenser 10, and differs only in that the dispensing mechanisms are mounted in a module 311, having, by way of non-limiting example, side walls 322 and at least a portion of a back wall 318, which is inserted into the dispensing housing 316. Otherwise, the dispenser 310 has the characteristics and operation of dispenser 10, as previously described herein.
  • Referring now to FIG. 8, an alternative embodiment of a dispenser 10 controller 400 is presented. Controller 400 includes microprocessor or microcontroller 402 (“microprocessor” and “microcontroller” used interchangeably herein) activation sensor 404 (comprising IR receiver 404 a and IR transmitter 404 b), paper type sensor 406, motor 408, relay 410 and various sensors, timers, adjustors, and LED indicators (described in more detail later). Controller 400 is powered by either A.C. power source 412 or D.C. power source 414. A communication connection 416 is provided to facilitate programming/reprogramming of microcontroller 402 and/or communication between dispenser 10 and a remote computer.
  • Microcontroller 402 controls the functioning of dispenser 10 by executing code stored in a program memory. Ideally, microcontroller 402 has onboard program memory and data memory. Such memory is desirably a non-volatile memory; however, volatile memory may be used. One example of a suitable microcontroller is the PIC16F72 microcontroller (PICmicro® family) manufactured by Microchip Technology.
  • Microcontroller 402, motor 408 as well as individual components of controller 400 are powered by either A.C. power supply 412 or D.C. power supply 414. Desirably, a 120 Volt A.C. line input voltage is reduced to 12 volts using a transformer. The reduced voltage is rectified and feed into linear regulator 413 which maintains the desired D.C. voltage level required by controller 10. On possible embodiment of a D.C. power supply is a battery.
  • As previously noted for sensor 56, activation sensor 404 is a conventional passive sensor for detecting infrared (IR) radiation comprising a transmitter 404 a and receiver 404 b. Such passive infrared detectors are known in the art. IR transmitter 404 b transmits a periodic (at random intervals or fixed intervals as desired) pulsed IR signal. IR receiver 404 a is configured to detect reflected IR signals in the same pattern as the transmitted signal. When such a signal is detected, activation sensor 404 generates an output signal informing microcontroller 402 that sheet material or paper should be dispensed.
  • Desirably, paper length adjustments and IR sensitivity adjustments are performed automatically over communication connection 416 using a remote computer. It should be noted, however, that dispenser 10 allows for manual paper length adjustments and manual IR sensitivity adjustments using paper length adjustment 430 and IR sensitivity adjustments 418 respectively.
  • When microcontroller 402 determines that activation sensor 404 has been triggered and that dispenser 10 is ready to dispense paper, microcontroller 402 causes paper to be dispensed from dispenser 10 by engaging relay 410 thereby applying power to electric motor 408. As electric motor 408 turns, paper roll 14 turns and paper is forced out of the front of dispenser 10. As paper is being dispensed, microcontroller 402 monitors rotation counter 418 which outputs a signal for each motor rotation (or paper roll 14 rotation, or fraction thereof). When rotation counter 418 generates a predefined number of rotation signals, microcontroller 402 disengages relay 410 thereby removing power to motor 408. Thus, one of ordinary skill in the art will recognize that the length of paper that is dispensed can be controlled by manipulating the predefined number of rotation signals microcontroller 402 looks for (i.e. the value at which microcontroller 402 turns off motor 408).
  • Before engaging relay 410, microcontroller 402 checks the status of Delay timer 421. The purpose of delay timer 421 is to prevent consecutive paper dispensing events until a predefined amount of time elapses. Upon disengaging relay 410 after a paper dispensing event, delay timer 421 is activated. While delay timer 421 is active, microcontroller 402 disables relay 410. Delay timer 421 is designed to “time out” after a predefined amount of time. Such functionality can be achieved using a count down timer, a count up timer or any other suitable timing technology. For example, delay timer 421 could be set to “time out” ten seconds after activation. For such a configuration, consecutive paper dispensing events could not occur faster than once every ten seconds.
  • Before engaging relay 410, microcontroller 402 checks the status of door open sensor 420. When a user opens front cover 24 to replace paper roll 14 or otherwise service dispenser 10, open door sensor 420 asserts a door open signal that is sensed by microcontroller 402. Upon sensing a door open signal, microcontroller 402 disables relay 410 thereby disabling electric motor 408.
  • Microcontroller 402 monitors the output of sensor 423. D.C. voltage sensor 423 monitors the output voltage level of D.C. power supply 414. If such voltage level drops below a predefined amount, microcontroller 402 asserts a voltage signal to low D.C. supply voltage LED 422. When such a low signal is asserted, LED 422 will emit light informing a user that the D.C. power source (perhaps a battery) is not providing the proper power to controller 400.
  • Microcontroller 402 also monitors low paper sensor 424. One method of sensing a low paper condition may be accomplished using a mechanical arm that rides on paper roll 14. As paper from paper roll 14 is dispensed from dispenser 10, paper roll 14 shrinks in size. Eventually such mechanical arm will activate low paper sensor 424 and a low paper signal will be asserted. When microcontroller 402 detects a low paper signal, microcontroller 402 asserts a signal to low paper LED 426 and LED 426 will emit light informing a user that the paper source is almost depleted.
  • Attention is now directed to paper type sensor transmitter/receiver 406. When a user opens front cover 24 to replace paper roll 14 or otherwise service dispenser 10, open door sensor 420 asserts a door open signal that is sensed by microcontroller 402. Microcontroller 402, in turn, activates the transmitter/receiver associated with the paper type sensor transmitter/receiver 406. One possible embodiment of a paper type sensor transmitter/receiver is an RFID based sensor. Ideally, paper roll 14 is associated with an RFID smart tag. For such a configuration, paper type sensor transmitter/receiver 406 transmits an RFID smart tag trigger signal and listens for transmissions from RFID smart tags associated with paper roll 14. At least part of the received smart tag data is stored in a memory associated with microcontroller 402. Such smart tag data ideally comprises paper type identification information. Such information may be used by microcontroller 402 to automatically configured dispenser 10 operation based on the type of paper inserted into dispenser 10.
  • Now referring to FIG. 12, a network enabled dispenser system 450 is depicted. Multiple dispenser 10 devices are shown all interconnected to remote computer 456 via interface 452 and through wired or wireless communication link 454. Such communication technology is well known in the art and includes Wi-Fi (wireless fidelity) and Bluetooth.
  • Interface 452 may comprise a gateway for connecting two otherwise incompatible systems or for simply providing a connection between two compatible systems. As used herein, a gateway is an electronic device that connects two otherwise incompatible systems or that simply provides a connection between two compatible systems. Interface 452 may also be incorporated into remote computer 456.
  • For such a configuration, a TCP/IP protocol suite may be incorporated into Interface 452 providing a gateway between remote computers connected to communications link 454 and dispenser 10 devices which ideally enables continuous remote access to such devices. The gateway may incorporate an HTTP server for accessing data from multiple dispenser 10 devices and for transmission of data to individual dispenser 10 devices.
  • In the above described system 10 configuration, communications link 406 provides access to a first network (such as the Internet) operating in accordance with a predetermined protocol (TCP/IP is one example). A plurality of dispenser 10 devices may comprise a second network, such as a LAN. A gateway (Interface 452) operatively couples the first network to the second network. Finally, an HTTP server is embedded in either the gateway or the plurality of dispenser devices facilitating the transfer of data between the two networks. With such a configuration, one of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that individual dispenser 10 devices or groups of dispenser 10 devices may be accessed as if such devices were a web site and their information could be displayed on a web browser. Such technology is fully disclosed by Ardalan et al. in U.S. Pat. No. 6,363,057 for use in a system for communicating with electricity meters, which is hereby incorporated by reference for all purposes.
  • Exemplary algorithms for controlling dispenser 10 are now considered. Such algorithms include a Dispense Paper routine, a Check Dispenser Status routine, and a Paper routine. Ideally, such algorithms, in the form of programming code, would be stored in a nonvolatile memory associated with processor 66 or microcontroller 402. Hereafter, however, processor 66 will be described as executing the disclosed algorithms. Typically, when dispenser 10 is powered up or reset, after performing the necessary startup routines, processor 66 would access and execute such programming code as required. It should be appreciated, however, that such programming code may be executed by any processor associated with dispenser 10.
  • Referring now to FIG. 9, a high level block diagram of an exemplary Dispense Paper routine is presented. Step 500 marks entry into the Dispense Paper routine. At step 502, the status of dispenser 10 is checked by executing exemplary Check Dispenser Status routine which is described in more detail later. Generally speaking, the Check Dispenser Status routine evaluates the state of the various sensors associated with dispenser 10 and “sets” a Status-Off-Line flag if dispenser 10 is not ready to dispense paper or “resets” such Status-Off-Line flag if dispenser 10 is ready to dispense paper. At step 504, the value of the Status-Off-Line flag is examined. If the Status-Off-Line flag is set, dispenser 10 is not ready to dispense paper and program control returns to step 502 and the Check Dispenser Status routine is again executed. Such a loop will continue until the Check Dispenser Status routine determines that dispenser 10 is ready to dispense paper and resets the Status-Off-Line flag.
  • If at step 504, processor 66 determines that the Status-Off-Line flag is not set (i.e. the Status-Off-Line flag has been reset), program control passes to step 506 where processor 66 checks for a signal indicating that paper should be dispensed. For the disclosed exemplary embodiment, processor 66 checks for a received IR signal having a predefined pattern. If the appropriate IR signal has been received, a rotation counter is initialized (step 510) and program control passes to step 512 where electric motor 52 is activated. As electric motor 52 turns, paper towel roll 14 turns and the rotation counter is incremented. At step 514, processor 66 evaluates the rotation counter value to determine if the desired number of rotations has been recorded. If the desired rotation counter value has not been recorded, an optional “watchdog” process may be performed (step 516).
  • A “watchdog” process is simply a process designed to prevent endless loops. For example, if electric motor 52 has malfunctioned, the desired rotation counter value will not be reached as electric motor 52 will not turn. For such a situation, and without a watchdog process, the processor 66 will be caught in an endless loop where it continuously checks the rotation counter value. If electric motor 52 is consuming power during such a situation, there will be unnecessary power consumption (particularly undesirable for battery power embodiments) and the electrical components that control electric motor 52 will be unnecessarily stressed reducing product life. Exemplary watchdog processes may include checking for paper movement and monitoring elapsed time. Ideally, when an error condition is detected, the watchdog process would disable the motor drive circuits and report the error condition.
  • After step 516, program control passes back to step 514 and processor 66 again evaluates the status of the rotation counter value. If the desired rotation counter value has been recorded, then program control passes to step 518 where power to electric motor 52 in interrupted, a Delay Flag is set, Delay Counter is initialized, and the Status-Off-Line flag is set. Program control then passes back to step 502 and the Check Dispenser Status routine is executed.
  • Referring now to FIG. 10, step 530 marks the entry into an exemplary Check Dispenser Status routine. Upon entry into such routine, the status of the Delay Flag is checked (step 532). If the Delay Flag is set, then program control passes to step 534 and a delay counter value is examined (step 536). If a predefined delay counter value has been reached, then the Delay Flag is reset (step 540) and program control passes to step 542. If, however, such predefined delay counter value has not been reached, the delay counter value is serviced (step 538) and program control returns to step 534. Such delay counter value may be a count down timer, a count up timer, an elapsed time monitor, or any other suitable process for monitoring the passage of time. Exemplary methods of servicing a delay counter value include incrementing a counter value, decrementing a counter value, and updating a time value.
  • Returning to step 532, if the delay flag is not set, then program control passes to step 542 and the status of the paper sensor is examined. Such a paper sensor ideally determines when dispenser 10 is out of paper. If the paper sensor indicates that the paper supply in dispenser 10 has been depleted, then the Status-Off-Line flag is set and program control returns to the calling routine (i.e. the Dispense Paper routine). If at step 544 the paper sensor indicates that the paper supply in dispenser 10 has not been depleted, then program control passes to step 548.
  • At step 548, a door sensor is evaluated. Such a door sensor ideally determines when a dispenser 10 access means (such as front cover 24) has been opened (perhaps to service dispenser 10). If the door sensor indicates that a monitored access point has been opened, the Status-Off-Line flag is set and a Paper routine (described herein) is executed. When program control returns from the Paper routine, program control returns to the calling routine (i.e. the Dispense Paper routine).
  • Returning to step 550, if the door sensor indicates that no monitored access points have been opened, program controls passes to step 554. At step 554, the Status-Off-Line flag is reset (i.e. dispenser 10 is ready to dispense paper). Optionally, a Detect and Issue Warnings routine (not disclosed) may be executed at this point. Such a routine would check the status of warning sensors, such as low battery, low paper, etc. and issue warnings (such as turning on an LED or transmitting a signal/message to a remote device) when necessary. After resetting the Status-Off-Line flag, program control returns to Dispense Paper routine.
  • Referring now to FIG. 11, step 580 marks the entry into an exemplary Paper routine. The general purpose of the Paper routine is to automatically detect the type of paper inserted into dispenser 10 and automatically configure dispenser 10 according to predefined paper dispensing parameters associated with the detected paper type. Such dispensing parameters may include the length of the paper to be dispensed and/or the delay between consecutive paper dispensing events. At step 582, processor 66 activates the paper type sensor's transmitter and receiver and listens for paper information (584). For example, if the paper type sensor is an RFD based sensor, an RFID trigger signal is transmitted to trigger RFID smart tag transmissions and a receiver circuit listens for such smart tag transmissions.
  • Such transmissions ideally comprise paper information associated with the type of paper inserted into dispenser 10. As noted above, such paper information may be used, for example, to determine the length of paper to be dispensed and the delay between dispensing events. Thus, paper information may include two counters values; the rotation counter value (step 512) and the delay counter value (step 534). Alternatively, such paper information may be a simple code that is used to retrieve/access the appropriate paper type information from a memory associated with processor 66. At step 586, if processor 66 determines that valid paper information has been received, then a Paper-Type-Value is set consistent with the received paper type information. Additionally, a PVR-Flag is set (PVR—Paper Value Received). The PVR-Flag is used to document the receiving of valid paper information.
  • Returning to step 586, if processor 66 determines that no valid paper information has been received, the status of the door sensor is checked (step 586) in the same or similar manner as is done in step 548 (FIG. 10). If the door sensor indicates an access point has not closed, program control jumps back to step 584. If, however, the door sensor indicates that the access points have been closed, program control passes to step 594 and the status of the PVR-Flag is checked.
  • If the PVR-Flag has been set, program control passes to step 598. At step 598, the paper type sensor transmitter/receiver may be deactivated and program control returns to the calling routine, in this case, the Check Dispenser Status routine.
  • If, however, at step 594 the PVR-Flag has not been set, program control passes to step 595. At step 595, the paper sensor is checked in the same or similar manner as in step 542 (FIG. 10). If the paper sensor indicates that there is paper in dispenser 10, then an unknown paper type is deem to have been inserted into dispenser 10. Under such conditions, the paper type value is set to a default value (step 597). Such a default value may simply be the previous paper type value (i.e. no change in value) or it may be a predefined value specifically used for unknown paper types. Next, at step 598, the paper type sensor transmitter/receiver may be deactivated and program control returns to the calling routine. If, however, at step 595 the paper sensor indicates that there is no paper in dispenser 10, the Status-Off-Line Flag is set and program control passes to step 598.
  • Although the invention has been described above with reference to dispensers which automatically dispense sheet materials with the aid of an electric motor, it will be appreciated that the dispenser could include a manually operated lever or the like for drawing sheet materials off a sheet material roll. In manually operated dispensers with levers, the controller would be arranged to limit the operation of the lever, for example the number of strokes that can be effected or the extent of each stroke (not shown).
  • An advantage of the dispenser according to the present invention is that it automatically controls the lengths of sheet materials dispensed. Accordingly, there is no need for an operator to adjust the dispenser in order to effect a change in the lengths of sheet materials dispensed. Furthermore, the dispenser is efficient in that it allows for the automatic dispensing of relatively short lengths of more absorbent products, and relatively longer lengths of less absorbent products. Also, the dispenser detects the loading of an unrecognized product, which is usually a less expensive and less absorbent sheet material product, and defaults to a greater length of sheet dispensed. In this way, the dispenser dispenses a single sheet in order to provide user satisfaction in using the single sheet for a hand drying episode, no matter whether a highly absorbent or less absorbent sheet material product is dispensed.
  • It should be understood that the dispenser of the invention is not limited to the dispensing one type of sheet material, such as paper towels. On the contrary, the dispenser could also be used to dispense various other types of sheet material, such as, but not by way of limitation, facial sheets, bath tissue sheets, wipers, and so forth.
  • While the present invention has been described in connection with certain preferred embodiments, it is to be understood that the subject matter encompassed by way of the present invention is not to be limited to those specific embodiments. On the contrary, it is intended for the subject matter of the invention to include all alternatives, modifications and equivalents as can be included within the spirit and scope of the following claims.

Claims (25)

1-25. (canceled)
26. An apparatus adapted to dispense a web of sheet material from a continuous roll, the apparatus comprising:
a support configured to rotatably support a roll of sheet material which includes an identification relating to absorbent characteristics of sheet material on the roll;
electrical contacts arranged to engage the identification in the form of a conductor on a core of the roll of sheet material;
an identifier configured to identify the absorbent characteristics of sheet material on the roll from the identification;
a processor configured to receive data relating to the absorbent characteristics of the sheet material on the roll, the processor further configured to process the data and generate an output command; and
a controller configured to control the length of sheet material dispensed from the roll in response to the output command.
27. The apparatus of claim 26, wherein the identifier comprises a reader for reading data from the identification on the roll of sheet material.
28. The apparatus of claim 27, wherein the reader is configured to read data from a label, a logo, a bar code, a magnetic strip, an RFID tag, or a hologram on the roll of sheet material.
29. The apparatus of claim 27, wherein the reader is arranged to read data from the identification on a core of the roll of sheet material.
30. The apparatus of claim 27, wherein the reader is arranged to read data from the identification on the sheet material.
31. The apparatus of claim 27, wherein the identification on the roll of sheet material is encoded, and the apparatus includes a decoder for decoding the encoded data.
32. The apparatus of claim 27, wherein the reader is positioned inside of the dispenser.
33. The apparatus of claim 27, wherein the reader is positioned adjacent the dispenser.
34. The apparatus of claim 28, wherein the reader is arranged to read data from an RFID tag embedded in or attached to a core of the roll of sheet material.
35. The apparatus of claim 26, including an infrared emitter/detector circuit which is arranged to emit infrared light into a core of the roll of sheet material, and to detect reflection of the light off reflective identification on a core of the roll.
36. The apparatus of claim 35, wherein the reflective identification is configured such that the reflectivity is controlled, therefore permitting control of total reflected light.
37. The apparatus of claim 26, wherein the processor includes an algorithm stored in a chip set embedded on a printed circuit board.
38. The apparatus of claim 26, wherein the processor is arranged to receive data from the identifier, to process the data, to generate an output command, and to transmit the output command to the controller.
39. The apparatus of claim 26, wherein the support is contained within a dispenser housing.
40. The apparatus of claim 39, wherein an activation switch is provided for activating the identifier when the dispenser housing is opened, thereby to allow identification of a roll of sheet material inserted onto the support.
41. The apparatus of claim 38, wherein a deactivation switch is provided for deactivating the identifier after identification of the sheet material on the roll.
42. The apparatus of claim 39, including a delay switch for providing a delay between successive dispensing operations.
43. The apparatus of claim 39, including a lockout switch for preventing operation of the controller when the dispenser housing is open.
44. The apparatus of claim 26, including an electric motor for automatically dispensing the sheet material.
45. The apparatus of claim 42, wherein the controller controls the number of revolutions of the electric motor in response to the output command.
46. The apparatus of claim 42, wherein an external sensor is provided for sensing a user's hand, and the electric motor is activated so as to dispense sheet material in response to the sensing of the user's hand.
47. A dispenser for dispensing sheet material from a supply roll including an identification relating to absorbent characteristics of sheet material on the roll, the dispenser comprising:
a dispenser housing;
a support for rotatably supporting the supply roll within the dispenser housing;
electrical contacts arranged to engage the identification in the form of a conductor on a core of the roll of sheet material;
an identifier on or adjacent the support for identifying the absorbent characteristics of sheet material on the roll from the identification;
a processor for receiving identification data from the identifier, processing the data and generating an output command; and
a controller for controlling the length of sheet materials dispensed from the supply roll in response to the output command.
48. An apparatus for dispensing a web of sheet material from a continuous roll, the apparatus comprising:
a support for rotatably supporting a roll of sheet material which includes identification relating to absorbent characteristics of sheet material on the roll;
electrical contacts arranged to engage the identification in the form of a conductor on a core of the roll of sheet material;
a first network operating in accordance with a predetermined protocol;
a second network comprising a plurality of microcontrollers;
a gateway operatively coupled to said first network and to said second network; and
an HTTP server embedded in one of said gateway and said plurality microcontrollers.
49. An apparatus for dispensing a web of sheet material from a continuous roll, the apparatus comprising:
a support for rotatably supporting a roll of sheet material which includes identification relating to the type of sheet material on the roll;
electrical contacts arranged to engage the identification in the form of a conductor on a core of the roll of sheet material;
a microcontroller for controlling the length of sheet material dispensed from the roll;
a first network operating in accordance with a predetermined protocol;
a second network comprising a plurality of said microcontrollers;
a gateway operatively coupled to said first network and to said second network; and
an HTTP server embedded in one of said gateway and said plurality microcontrollers.
US12/699,190 2003-12-31 2010-02-03 Apparatus for dispensing sheet material Abandoned US20100170979A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10/750,238 US7726599B2 (en) 2003-12-31 2003-12-31 Apparatus and method for dispensing sheet material
US12/699,190 US20100170979A1 (en) 2003-12-31 2010-02-03 Apparatus for dispensing sheet material

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US12/699,190 US20100170979A1 (en) 2003-12-31 2010-02-03 Apparatus for dispensing sheet material

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/750,238 Division US7726599B2 (en) 2003-12-31 2003-12-31 Apparatus and method for dispensing sheet material

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20100170979A1 true US20100170979A1 (en) 2010-07-08

Family

ID=34711232

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/750,238 Active 2027-03-24 US7726599B2 (en) 2003-12-31 2003-12-31 Apparatus and method for dispensing sheet material
US12/699,190 Abandoned US20100170979A1 (en) 2003-12-31 2010-02-03 Apparatus for dispensing sheet material

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/750,238 Active 2027-03-24 US7726599B2 (en) 2003-12-31 2003-12-31 Apparatus and method for dispensing sheet material

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (2) US7726599B2 (en)
CN (1) CN1901829B (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100051737A1 (en) * 2008-09-04 2010-03-04 Rodrian Jeffrey E Rolled material dispenser with energy harvesting
US20150090832A1 (en) * 2013-10-01 2015-04-02 Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products Lp Automatic paper product dispenser with data collection and method
US20150327735A1 (en) * 2012-12-20 2015-11-19 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Dispenser
US20160227970A1 (en) * 2015-02-06 2016-08-11 Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products Lp Hybrid Dispenser Systems
US10105020B2 (en) 2013-11-04 2018-10-23 Wausau Paper Towel & Tissue, Llc Dual roll paper towel dispenser
US10383489B2 (en) 2012-02-10 2019-08-20 Gpcp Ip Holdings Llc Automatic napkin dispenser

Families Citing this family (63)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA2430150A1 (en) * 2003-06-03 2004-12-03 Cascades Groupe Tissu Inc. Roll paper dispenser with roll recognition system
US7242307B1 (en) 2003-10-20 2007-07-10 Cognetive Systems Incorporated System for monitoring hygiene appliances
US7774096B2 (en) * 2003-12-31 2010-08-10 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Apparatus for dispensing and identifying product in washrooms
US7814582B2 (en) 2003-12-31 2010-10-19 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. System and method for measuring and monitoring overflow or wetness conditions in a washroom
FR2872806B1 (en) * 2004-07-06 2006-09-15 Georgia Pacific France Soc En paper rolls distribution system has chucks drivers
US7423533B1 (en) 2004-10-19 2008-09-09 Cognetive Systems, Incorporated System for monitoring and recording cross-contamination events
WO2007013142A1 (en) * 2005-07-26 2007-02-01 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Hand drying device
US20070079676A1 (en) * 2005-10-07 2007-04-12 Global Plastics Paper dispenser
US8082827B2 (en) 2005-10-07 2011-12-27 Dispensing Dynamics International Ltd. Hybrid towel dispenser
AU2011253961B2 (en) * 2005-12-07 2013-12-19 Essity Hygiene And Health Aktiebolag Supply package for use in an apparatus for dispensing sheet material and an apparatus for dispensing sheet material
EP3375339A1 (en) 2005-12-07 2018-09-19 Essity Hygiene and Health Aktiebolag Supply package for use in an apparatus for dispensing sheet material and an apparatus for dispensing sheet material
CN107847088A (en) * 2015-05-08 2018-03-27 斯科特·费尔赫尔特 Paper products distributor
US9370283B2 (en) * 2006-02-06 2016-06-21 Scott Fellhoelter Paper product dispenser
US10376109B2 (en) 2006-02-06 2019-08-13 Scott Fellhoelter Paper product dispenser
US7855651B2 (en) * 2006-04-07 2010-12-21 Cognetive Systems Incorporated System for monitoring and recording hand hygiene performance
JP4179354B2 (en) * 2006-07-21 2008-11-12 セイコーエプソン株式会社 Sticky note feeder and sticky note printer
DE102007050012A1 (en) * 2007-10-17 2009-04-23 Krones Ag Labeling system, particularly for container, has mounting device placed or docked in rigid manner and holding device for labeling store, from which labels are supplied to inlet of labeling system
US8066217B2 (en) * 2007-10-22 2011-11-29 Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products Lp Dispenser and dispensing method having communication abilities
US7987756B2 (en) 2007-12-03 2011-08-02 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide Inc. Electro-manual dispenser
US8833691B1 (en) 2007-12-21 2014-09-16 Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products Lp Product, dispenser and method of dispensing product
WO2009086120A1 (en) 2007-12-21 2009-07-09 Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products Lp Product, dispenser and method of dispensing product
US20090306817A1 (en) * 2008-06-09 2009-12-10 The Coca-Cola Company Virtual Vending Machine
DE102008058273A1 (en) * 2008-11-20 2010-05-27 Bizerba Gmbh & Co. Kg Device for processing label and / or receipt rolls
US8240508B2 (en) 2008-12-29 2012-08-14 Gojo Industries, Inc. Low cost radio frequency identification (RFID) dispensing systems
US8616489B2 (en) 2009-05-08 2013-12-31 Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products Lp Sheet product dispenser
US20100286818A1 (en) * 2009-05-08 2010-11-11 Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products Lp Sheet product dispenser with sensor for sheet separation
EP2468162A4 (en) * 2009-08-21 2017-01-11 Yong-Jun Lee Dispenser
US9051163B2 (en) * 2009-10-06 2015-06-09 Ecolab Inc. Automatic calibration of chemical product dispense systems
US8511599B2 (en) * 2010-03-04 2013-08-20 Richard LaLau Paper towel dispensing systems
US8763946B1 (en) * 2010-03-09 2014-07-01 Dispensing Dynamics International Sheet material dispenser apparatus
US9066638B2 (en) * 2010-04-22 2015-06-30 San Jamar, Inc. Insert for use with a roll of web material, and providing a unique identifier for the roll of web material
NZ607905A (en) * 2010-09-10 2014-10-31 Integrated Electronics Mfg Corp Signal and detection system for keying applications
US20160345787A1 (en) * 2010-11-08 2016-12-01 Donald Kenneth Bunnell Product Roll Dispenser
US8919233B2 (en) 2010-12-30 2014-12-30 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Electronic pre-cut sheet dispenser with dispensing adjustments
US8786398B2 (en) * 2011-03-28 2014-07-22 Gojo Industries, Inc. Dispenser with use-based content delivery
USD802326S1 (en) 2011-09-14 2017-11-14 San Jamar, Inc. Insert for a web material dispenser
WO2013044385A1 (en) 2011-09-26 2013-04-04 Cascades Canada Ulc Rolled product dispenser with multiple cutting blades and cutter assembly for a rolled product dispenser
WO2013059127A2 (en) * 2011-10-14 2013-04-25 The Colman Group, Inc. Dispenser with capacitive-based proximity sensor
US8965595B2 (en) * 2011-10-17 2015-02-24 Gojo Industries, Inc. Methods for managing power consumption for a hands-free dispenser
WO2013056744A1 (en) * 2011-10-21 2013-04-25 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Product level sensor for a product dispenser
CN104603805B (en) * 2012-08-31 2018-12-25 易希提卫生与保健公司 System and method for limiting the data collection and monitoring in space
CN103784060B (en) * 2012-11-02 2016-01-20 南京物联传感技术有限公司 A measure of the liquid flow system
EP2787486A1 (en) * 2013-04-04 2014-10-08 Océ-Technologies B.V. Method for estimating the amount of an unconsumed part of a consumable
AU2014227493B2 (en) * 2013-09-23 2019-09-26 Kcrown Australia Pty Ltd Washroom monitoring and consumable supply management system
MX2016007529A (en) * 2013-12-11 2016-09-13 Sca Hygiene Prod Ab Configuration of distributed data acquisition equipment.
EP3080759A1 (en) * 2013-12-11 2016-10-19 Sca Hygiene Products AB Method of determining resource usage information for a facility, data collection device, data collection system and data collection method
MX2016009419A (en) * 2014-01-22 2016-09-16 Sca Hygiene Prod Ab Hygienic sheet material dispenser.
CN104799748A (en) * 2014-01-23 2015-07-29 金红叶纸业集团有限公司 Distributor and system using same
US9886810B1 (en) 2014-04-09 2018-02-06 Gpcp Ip Holdings Llc Universal dispenser interface
KR20150145762A (en) * 2014-06-19 2015-12-31 코웨이 주식회사 Bidet with drying function and Method for drying the inside
CN104199329A (en) * 2014-09-01 2014-12-10 河海大学常州校区 Photoelectric induction type toilet paper holder intelligent management system
US10130221B2 (en) 2015-01-23 2018-11-20 Gpcp Ip Holdings Llc Optimizing a dispensing parameter of a product dispenser based on product usage data
US9645561B2 (en) * 2015-01-23 2017-05-09 Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products Lp Optimizing a dispensing parameter of a product dispenser based on product usage data
WO2016123589A1 (en) * 2015-01-30 2016-08-04 Modocast, Llc Hand dryer and display
CA2980129C (en) * 2015-03-30 2018-03-06 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. System and method for instructing personnel on washroom maintenance requirements
EP3092926B8 (en) 2015-05-12 2018-03-28 Tranzonic Companies Touch-free toilet-seat paper dispensing device
US10342395B2 (en) 2015-08-28 2019-07-09 Gpcp Ip Holdings Llc Sheet product dispenser with product level gauge system
CN105303760A (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-02-03 朱叙昌 Coil paper application amount detection and alarming device and monitoring system thereof
CA3006740C (en) * 2015-12-17 2019-03-05 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc Dynamic product use reporting system
US20180368627A1 (en) * 2016-04-29 2018-12-27 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Dispensing system
DE102017007753A1 (en) * 2017-08-18 2019-02-21 lmeco GmbH & Co. KG Tissue agents, especially disposable wipes, and methods of making a wiping agent
USD860674S1 (en) 2018-02-06 2019-09-24 San Jamar, Inc. Towel dispenser
CN108433618A (en) * 2018-03-22 2018-08-24 深圳市物联微电子有限公司 Roll paper paper towel box with scarce paper remote alarms and alarm system

Citations (94)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3167865A (en) * 1962-04-11 1965-02-02 Steinberg Solomon Automatic system for web length measurment
US3938120A (en) * 1974-05-06 1976-02-10 Baltimore Brushes, Inc. Talking door sentinel
US4100581A (en) * 1976-09-30 1978-07-11 Slack Donald J Door actuated message device
US4151403A (en) * 1977-10-05 1979-04-24 Molins Machine Company, Inc. Control system for an unwinding roll
US4270818A (en) * 1979-04-02 1981-06-02 Mccabe Stanley G Power winding paper towel dispenser
US4335439A (en) * 1980-04-25 1982-06-15 St Denis Andrew R Weight monitoring device for strip metal stock
US4456193A (en) * 1981-09-16 1984-06-26 Bell & Howell Company Web advancement sensing methods and apparatus
US4535949A (en) * 1983-06-13 1985-08-20 Asea Aktiebolag Length measuring during rolling up of thin material
US4570348A (en) * 1984-09-24 1986-02-18 Amsler Jerry D Measuring apparatus
US4666099A (en) * 1985-11-15 1987-05-19 Scott Paper Company Apparatus for dispensing sheet material
US4676131A (en) * 1985-04-05 1987-06-30 Steiner Company, Inc. Electric paper cabinet
US4721265A (en) * 1986-06-09 1988-01-26 Hawkins F Jr Electronic toilet tissue dispenser
US4738176A (en) * 1985-04-04 1988-04-19 Cassia Antonio M Electric paper cabinet
US4757337A (en) * 1985-03-26 1988-07-12 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Release apparatus for a camera
US4796825A (en) * 1986-06-09 1989-01-10 Hawkins F Jr Electronic paper towel dispenser
US4817483A (en) * 1987-07-08 1989-04-04 Armbruster Joseph M Electrically powered dispenser for rolled sheet material having a rotary blade cutter
US4826262A (en) * 1988-03-04 1989-05-02 Steiner Company, Inc. Electronic towel dispenser
US4835698A (en) * 1987-07-07 1989-05-30 The Mead Corporation Sheet feeder synchronization system having error correction means
US4835520A (en) * 1987-04-24 1989-05-30 Thomas Aiello Talking alarm for openable compartment
US4896144A (en) * 1988-09-29 1990-01-23 Bogstad Naomi C Hand washing alert
US4994722A (en) * 1989-10-02 1991-02-19 The Boeing Company Automated door locking system for aircraft lavatory
US4999611A (en) * 1985-10-21 1991-03-12 Zehnder Jr William Towel cabinet replenishment indication and identification system
US5015324A (en) * 1988-06-22 1991-05-14 Monarch Marking Systems, Inc. Hand-held labeler
US5031258A (en) * 1989-07-12 1991-07-16 Bauer Industries Inc. Wash station and method of operation
US5107734A (en) * 1987-07-22 1992-04-28 Armbruster Joseph M Electrically powered dispenser for rolled sheet material
US5131302A (en) * 1989-02-23 1992-07-21 Yukinobu Watanabe Automatic toilet paper supplier
US5177446A (en) * 1989-07-05 1993-01-05 G. D. Societa Per Azioni Device for monitoring the depletion of material uncoiling from rolls, applicable in particular to wrapping machines
US5202666A (en) * 1991-01-18 1993-04-13 Net/Tech International Inc. Method and apparatus for enhancing hygiene
US5205454A (en) * 1992-05-18 1993-04-27 James River Ii, Inc. Paper towel dispensing system
US5207784A (en) * 1989-03-09 1993-05-04 Wilbur Schwartzendruber Vending machine with monitoring system
US5280274A (en) * 1991-03-29 1994-01-18 Kanzaki Paper Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Method of detecting residual amount of web roll
US5481100A (en) * 1992-04-14 1996-01-02 Riso Kagaku Corporation Spirally arranged bar code
US5500517A (en) * 1994-09-02 1996-03-19 Gemplus Card International Apparatus and method for data transfer between stand alone integrated circuit smart card terminal and remote computer of system operator
US5540332A (en) * 1995-04-07 1996-07-30 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Wet wipes having improved dispensability
US5604992A (en) * 1995-01-18 1997-02-25 Robinson; Joe M. Dual roll dispenser
US5610589A (en) * 1995-02-09 1997-03-11 Bennie R. Evans Method and apparatus for enforcing hygiene
US5620148A (en) * 1995-03-10 1997-04-15 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Methods of making indented coreless rolls
US5627522A (en) * 1992-03-27 1997-05-06 Abbott Laboratories Automated liquid level sensing system
US5711480A (en) * 1996-10-15 1998-01-27 Carrier Corporation Low-cost wireless HVAC systems
US5721532A (en) * 1996-12-12 1998-02-24 Lehmann; Roger W. Motion sensitive reminder
US5721421A (en) * 1996-07-15 1998-02-24 Bass, Inc. Apparatus and method for verifying a shelf tag
US5772291A (en) * 1996-02-16 1998-06-30 Mosinee Paper Corporation Hands-free paper towel dispensers
US5870015A (en) * 1997-03-14 1999-02-09 Hinkel; Scott E. Method and apparatus for instruction in toilet use and hygiene
US5878381A (en) * 1995-02-28 1999-03-02 Kimberly-Clark Wordwide, Inc. System and method for collecting data on tissue consumption
US5903395A (en) * 1994-08-31 1999-05-11 I-O Display Systems Llc Personal visual display system
US5918197A (en) * 1997-08-21 1999-06-29 The Procter & Gamble Company Monitor for collecting data on consumer consumption of disposable sheet products
US5918989A (en) * 1998-03-02 1999-07-06 Brady Worldwide, Inc. Hand held label printer spool
US6022207A (en) * 1998-01-26 2000-02-08 Stratasys, Inc. Rapid prototyping system with filament supply spool monitoring
US6028520A (en) * 1999-04-27 2000-02-22 Maehre; Bob Annunciator for a toilet
US6029600A (en) * 1998-11-23 2000-02-29 Davis; Claude G. Clean hands assured
US6031461A (en) * 1998-10-13 2000-02-29 Lynn; John M. Method and apparatus for helping to assure the washing of hands
US6032303A (en) * 1998-11-19 2000-03-07 Schmidt; Daniel R. Toilet overflow prevention system
US6069354A (en) * 1995-11-30 2000-05-30 Alfano; Robert R. Photonic paper product dispenser
US6079035A (en) * 1997-09-01 2000-06-20 Fujitsu Limited Parallel data skew detecting circuit
US6079305A (en) * 1994-03-04 2000-06-27 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Rolled web dispenser and cutting apparatus
US6178569B1 (en) * 1999-04-19 2001-01-30 Niccole Family Trust Toilet overflow control
US6211788B1 (en) * 1998-10-13 2001-04-03 John M. Lynn Method and apparatus for helping to assure the washing of hands
US6209752B1 (en) * 1999-03-10 2001-04-03 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Automatic soap dispenser
US6213424B1 (en) * 1997-11-07 2001-04-10 Beverly Helfer-Grand Towelette dispenser apparatus
US6224010B1 (en) * 1998-01-22 2001-05-01 Perrin Manufacturing Company Apparatus and method for dispensing paper toweling from a roll of paper toweling
US6236317B1 (en) * 1998-04-29 2001-05-22 Food Safety Solution Corp. Method and apparatus for monitoring actions taken by a user for enhancing hygiene
US6250530B1 (en) * 1996-08-29 2001-06-26 Alwin Manufacturing Co. Multiple roll towel dispenser
US6259367B1 (en) * 1999-09-28 2001-07-10 Elliot S. Klein Lost and found system and method
US6352497B1 (en) * 1999-04-02 2002-03-05 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Detectable marks in trim material
US6354533B1 (en) * 1999-08-25 2002-03-12 Georgia-Pacific Corporation Web transfer mechanism for flexible sheet dispenser
US6354493B1 (en) * 1999-12-23 2002-03-12 Sensormatic Electronics Corporation System and method for finding a specific RFID tagged article located in a plurality of RFID tagged articles
US6360181B1 (en) * 1997-12-23 2002-03-19 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. System and method for collecting data on product consumption
US6363057B1 (en) * 1997-02-12 2002-03-26 Abb Automation Inc. Remote access to electronic meters using a TCP/IP protocol suite
US6362738B1 (en) * 1998-04-16 2002-03-26 Motorola, Inc. Reader for use in a radio frequency identification system and method thereof
US6375038B1 (en) * 1999-10-28 2002-04-23 Daansen Usa, Inc. Dispenser having timing means, multisensory output and means of tracking usage number
US20020050544A1 (en) * 2000-03-09 2002-05-02 Bay West Paper Corporation Double core tissue roll, dispenser and method
US20020061500A1 (en) * 2000-11-20 2002-05-23 Collopy Charles T. Hand washing display device
US6411920B1 (en) * 1999-06-23 2002-06-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. System and method for collecting data on product consumption
US6412679B2 (en) * 1998-05-20 2002-07-02 Georgia-Pacific Corporation Paper towel dispenser
US6412655B1 (en) * 1998-05-12 2002-07-02 Wilhelm Blatz Towel dispenser
US6417773B1 (en) * 2001-06-21 2002-07-09 Gust N. Vlahos Sound-actuated system for encouraging good personal hygiene in toilet facilities
US6426701B1 (en) * 2000-09-20 2002-07-30 Ultraclenz Engineering Group Handwash monitoring system
US20030025027A1 (en) * 2001-08-02 2003-02-06 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Production managing method for photo film production
US6550672B1 (en) * 1996-09-05 2003-04-22 Symbol Technologies, Inc. Method and system for presenting item information using a portable data terminal
US20030077098A1 (en) * 2000-12-27 2003-04-24 Hirokazu Nunokawa Printing device
US6577240B2 (en) * 2000-06-30 2003-06-10 David N. Armstrong Hand antiseptic system and method
US6592067B2 (en) * 2001-02-09 2003-07-15 Georgia-Pacific Corporation Minimizing paper waste carousel-style dispenser apparatus, sensor, method and system with proximity sensor
US6671894B1 (en) * 2003-05-08 2004-01-06 Ernest Sigrist Toilet overflow control system
US6684126B2 (en) * 2000-01-18 2004-01-27 Tosho, Inc. Medicine storage apparatus
US6685074B2 (en) * 1998-02-02 2004-02-03 Fort James Corporation Sheet material dispensing apparatus and method
US6695246B1 (en) * 1996-02-16 2004-02-24 Bay West Paper Corporation Microprocessor controlled hands-free paper towel dispenser
US6710606B2 (en) * 2002-03-07 2004-03-23 Georgia-Pacific Corp. Apparatus and methods usable in connection with dispensing flexible sheet material from a roll
US6727818B1 (en) * 1999-10-29 2004-04-27 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Hygiene monitoring system
US6894711B2 (en) * 2002-06-21 2005-05-17 Dai Nippon Printing Co., Ltd. Thermal transfer recording web roll
US6895296B2 (en) * 2001-10-19 2005-05-17 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Spindle system, apparatus, and methods for applying spindle apparatus
US7040566B1 (en) * 2003-04-08 2006-05-09 Alwin Manufacturing Co., Inc. Dispenser with material-recognition apparatus and material-recognition method
US7044421B1 (en) * 1999-04-20 2006-05-16 The Colman Group, Inc. Electronically controlled roll towel dispenser with data communication system
US7191977B2 (en) * 2001-02-27 2007-03-20 Georgia-Pacific Corporation Sheet material dispenser with perforation sensor and method
US7242307B1 (en) * 2003-10-20 2007-07-10 Cognetive Systems Incorporated System for monitoring hygiene appliances

Family Cites Families (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
IT1116435B (en) * 1977-05-02 1986-02-10 Steiner Co Int Sa Cutting mechanism for paper towel roller distributor
US4611768A (en) * 1985-07-01 1986-09-16 Mosinee Paper Corporation Modular paper towel dispenser
US4765555A (en) * 1987-07-17 1988-08-23 Gambino James J Roll paper dispenser
US4790490A (en) * 1988-02-29 1988-12-13 Shyamal Chakravorty Self-locking, driver mechanism regulated tissue dispensing system with hands-free operation option
US4960248A (en) * 1989-03-16 1990-10-02 Bauer Industries, Inc. Apparatus and method for dispensing toweling
US5452832A (en) * 1993-04-06 1995-09-26 Qts S.R.L. Automatic dispenser for paper towels severable from a continuous roll
KR950033645A (en) * 1994-03-17 1995-12-26 니시모토 강이치 Supply of photosensitive material
US6293486B1 (en) * 1998-02-16 2001-09-25 Mosinee Paper Corporation Hands-free paper towel dispensers
CA2269483A1 (en) 1999-04-21 2000-10-21 Muhammad Muzafar Iqbal Water leakage or overflow detection alarm
US6451154B1 (en) * 2000-02-18 2002-09-17 Moore North America, Inc. RFID manufacturing concepts
US6600418B2 (en) 2000-12-12 2003-07-29 3M Innovative Properties Company Object tracking and management system and method using radio-frequency identification tags
US6607160B2 (en) * 2001-07-30 2003-08-19 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide Easy loading dispenser
JP2003136821A (en) * 2001-11-05 2003-05-14 Citizen Watch Co Ltd Printer
JP2004050812A (en) * 2002-05-28 2004-02-19 Dainippon Printing Co Ltd Spool or cassette and method for discrimination using it

Patent Citations (99)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3167865A (en) * 1962-04-11 1965-02-02 Steinberg Solomon Automatic system for web length measurment
US3938120A (en) * 1974-05-06 1976-02-10 Baltimore Brushes, Inc. Talking door sentinel
US4100581A (en) * 1976-09-30 1978-07-11 Slack Donald J Door actuated message device
US4151403A (en) * 1977-10-05 1979-04-24 Molins Machine Company, Inc. Control system for an unwinding roll
US4270818A (en) * 1979-04-02 1981-06-02 Mccabe Stanley G Power winding paper towel dispenser
US4335439A (en) * 1980-04-25 1982-06-15 St Denis Andrew R Weight monitoring device for strip metal stock
US4456193A (en) * 1981-09-16 1984-06-26 Bell & Howell Company Web advancement sensing methods and apparatus
US4535949A (en) * 1983-06-13 1985-08-20 Asea Aktiebolag Length measuring during rolling up of thin material
US4570348A (en) * 1984-09-24 1986-02-18 Amsler Jerry D Measuring apparatus
US4757337A (en) * 1985-03-26 1988-07-12 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Release apparatus for a camera
US4738176A (en) * 1985-04-04 1988-04-19 Cassia Antonio M Electric paper cabinet
US4676131A (en) * 1985-04-05 1987-06-30 Steiner Company, Inc. Electric paper cabinet
US4999611A (en) * 1985-10-21 1991-03-12 Zehnder Jr William Towel cabinet replenishment indication and identification system
US4666099A (en) * 1985-11-15 1987-05-19 Scott Paper Company Apparatus for dispensing sheet material
US4796825A (en) * 1986-06-09 1989-01-10 Hawkins F Jr Electronic paper towel dispenser
US4721265A (en) * 1986-06-09 1988-01-26 Hawkins F Jr Electronic toilet tissue dispenser
US4835520A (en) * 1987-04-24 1989-05-30 Thomas Aiello Talking alarm for openable compartment
US4835698A (en) * 1987-07-07 1989-05-30 The Mead Corporation Sheet feeder synchronization system having error correction means
US4817483A (en) * 1987-07-08 1989-04-04 Armbruster Joseph M Electrically powered dispenser for rolled sheet material having a rotary blade cutter
US5107734A (en) * 1987-07-22 1992-04-28 Armbruster Joseph M Electrically powered dispenser for rolled sheet material
US4826262A (en) * 1988-03-04 1989-05-02 Steiner Company, Inc. Electronic towel dispenser
US5015324A (en) * 1988-06-22 1991-05-14 Monarch Marking Systems, Inc. Hand-held labeler
US4896144A (en) * 1988-09-29 1990-01-23 Bogstad Naomi C Hand washing alert
US5131302A (en) * 1989-02-23 1992-07-21 Yukinobu Watanabe Automatic toilet paper supplier
US5207784A (en) * 1989-03-09 1993-05-04 Wilbur Schwartzendruber Vending machine with monitoring system
US5177446A (en) * 1989-07-05 1993-01-05 G. D. Societa Per Azioni Device for monitoring the depletion of material uncoiling from rolls, applicable in particular to wrapping machines
US5625908A (en) * 1989-07-12 1997-05-06 Sloan Valve Company Wash station and method of operation
US5031258A (en) * 1989-07-12 1991-07-16 Bauer Industries Inc. Wash station and method of operation
US4994722A (en) * 1989-10-02 1991-02-19 The Boeing Company Automated door locking system for aircraft lavatory
US5202666A (en) * 1991-01-18 1993-04-13 Net/Tech International Inc. Method and apparatus for enhancing hygiene
US5280274A (en) * 1991-03-29 1994-01-18 Kanzaki Paper Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Method of detecting residual amount of web roll
US5627522A (en) * 1992-03-27 1997-05-06 Abbott Laboratories Automated liquid level sensing system
US5481100A (en) * 1992-04-14 1996-01-02 Riso Kagaku Corporation Spirally arranged bar code
US5205454A (en) * 1992-05-18 1993-04-27 James River Ii, Inc. Paper towel dispensing system
US6079305A (en) * 1994-03-04 2000-06-27 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Rolled web dispenser and cutting apparatus
US5903395A (en) * 1994-08-31 1999-05-11 I-O Display Systems Llc Personal visual display system
US5500517A (en) * 1994-09-02 1996-03-19 Gemplus Card International Apparatus and method for data transfer between stand alone integrated circuit smart card terminal and remote computer of system operator
US5604992A (en) * 1995-01-18 1997-02-25 Robinson; Joe M. Dual roll dispenser
US5610589A (en) * 1995-02-09 1997-03-11 Bennie R. Evans Method and apparatus for enforcing hygiene
US5878381A (en) * 1995-02-28 1999-03-02 Kimberly-Clark Wordwide, Inc. System and method for collecting data on tissue consumption
US5620148A (en) * 1995-03-10 1997-04-15 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Methods of making indented coreless rolls
US5540332A (en) * 1995-04-07 1996-07-30 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Wet wipes having improved dispensability
US6069354A (en) * 1995-11-30 2000-05-30 Alfano; Robert R. Photonic paper product dispenser
US6695246B1 (en) * 1996-02-16 2004-02-24 Bay West Paper Corporation Microprocessor controlled hands-free paper towel dispenser
US20040035976A1 (en) * 1996-02-16 2004-02-26 Bay West Paper Corporation Hands-free paper towel dispensers
US20040041057A1 (en) * 1996-02-16 2004-03-04 Bay West Paper Corporation Hands-free paper towel dispensers
US5772291A (en) * 1996-02-16 1998-06-30 Mosinee Paper Corporation Hands-free paper towel dispensers
US5721421A (en) * 1996-07-15 1998-02-24 Bass, Inc. Apparatus and method for verifying a shelf tag
US6250530B1 (en) * 1996-08-29 2001-06-26 Alwin Manufacturing Co. Multiple roll towel dispenser
US6550672B1 (en) * 1996-09-05 2003-04-22 Symbol Technologies, Inc. Method and system for presenting item information using a portable data terminal
US5711480A (en) * 1996-10-15 1998-01-27 Carrier Corporation Low-cost wireless HVAC systems
US5721532A (en) * 1996-12-12 1998-02-24 Lehmann; Roger W. Motion sensitive reminder
US5861808A (en) * 1996-12-12 1999-01-19 Lehmann; Roger W. Motion sensitive reminder
US6363057B1 (en) * 1997-02-12 2002-03-26 Abb Automation Inc. Remote access to electronic meters using a TCP/IP protocol suite
US5870015A (en) * 1997-03-14 1999-02-09 Hinkel; Scott E. Method and apparatus for instruction in toilet use and hygiene
US5918197A (en) * 1997-08-21 1999-06-29 The Procter & Gamble Company Monitor for collecting data on consumer consumption of disposable sheet products
US6079035A (en) * 1997-09-01 2000-06-20 Fujitsu Limited Parallel data skew detecting circuit
US6213424B1 (en) * 1997-11-07 2001-04-10 Beverly Helfer-Grand Towelette dispenser apparatus
US6360181B1 (en) * 1997-12-23 2002-03-19 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. System and method for collecting data on product consumption
US6224010B1 (en) * 1998-01-22 2001-05-01 Perrin Manufacturing Company Apparatus and method for dispensing paper toweling from a roll of paper toweling
US6022207A (en) * 1998-01-26 2000-02-08 Stratasys, Inc. Rapid prototyping system with filament supply spool monitoring
US6685074B2 (en) * 1998-02-02 2004-02-03 Fort James Corporation Sheet material dispensing apparatus and method
US5918989A (en) * 1998-03-02 1999-07-06 Brady Worldwide, Inc. Hand held label printer spool
US6362738B1 (en) * 1998-04-16 2002-03-26 Motorola, Inc. Reader for use in a radio frequency identification system and method thereof
US6236317B1 (en) * 1998-04-29 2001-05-22 Food Safety Solution Corp. Method and apparatus for monitoring actions taken by a user for enhancing hygiene
US6412655B1 (en) * 1998-05-12 2002-07-02 Wilhelm Blatz Towel dispenser
US6412679B2 (en) * 1998-05-20 2002-07-02 Georgia-Pacific Corporation Paper towel dispenser
US6419136B2 (en) * 1998-05-20 2002-07-16 George-Pacific Corporation Paper towel dispenser
US6031461A (en) * 1998-10-13 2000-02-29 Lynn; John M. Method and apparatus for helping to assure the washing of hands
US6211788B1 (en) * 1998-10-13 2001-04-03 John M. Lynn Method and apparatus for helping to assure the washing of hands
US6032303A (en) * 1998-11-19 2000-03-07 Schmidt; Daniel R. Toilet overflow prevention system
US6029600A (en) * 1998-11-23 2000-02-29 Davis; Claude G. Clean hands assured
US6209752B1 (en) * 1999-03-10 2001-04-03 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Automatic soap dispenser
US6352497B1 (en) * 1999-04-02 2002-03-05 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Detectable marks in trim material
US6178569B1 (en) * 1999-04-19 2001-01-30 Niccole Family Trust Toilet overflow control
US7044421B1 (en) * 1999-04-20 2006-05-16 The Colman Group, Inc. Electronically controlled roll towel dispenser with data communication system
US6028520A (en) * 1999-04-27 2000-02-22 Maehre; Bob Annunciator for a toilet
US6411920B1 (en) * 1999-06-23 2002-06-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. System and method for collecting data on product consumption
US6354533B1 (en) * 1999-08-25 2002-03-12 Georgia-Pacific Corporation Web transfer mechanism for flexible sheet dispenser
US6259367B1 (en) * 1999-09-28 2001-07-10 Elliot S. Klein Lost and found system and method
US6375038B1 (en) * 1999-10-28 2002-04-23 Daansen Usa, Inc. Dispenser having timing means, multisensory output and means of tracking usage number
US6727818B1 (en) * 1999-10-29 2004-04-27 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Hygiene monitoring system
US6354493B1 (en) * 1999-12-23 2002-03-12 Sensormatic Electronics Corporation System and method for finding a specific RFID tagged article located in a plurality of RFID tagged articles
US6684126B2 (en) * 2000-01-18 2004-01-27 Tosho, Inc. Medicine storage apparatus
US20020050544A1 (en) * 2000-03-09 2002-05-02 Bay West Paper Corporation Double core tissue roll, dispenser and method
US6577240B2 (en) * 2000-06-30 2003-06-10 David N. Armstrong Hand antiseptic system and method
US6426701B1 (en) * 2000-09-20 2002-07-30 Ultraclenz Engineering Group Handwash monitoring system
US20020061500A1 (en) * 2000-11-20 2002-05-23 Collopy Charles T. Hand washing display device
US20030077098A1 (en) * 2000-12-27 2003-04-24 Hirokazu Nunokawa Printing device
US6592067B2 (en) * 2001-02-09 2003-07-15 Georgia-Pacific Corporation Minimizing paper waste carousel-style dispenser apparatus, sensor, method and system with proximity sensor
US7191977B2 (en) * 2001-02-27 2007-03-20 Georgia-Pacific Corporation Sheet material dispenser with perforation sensor and method
US6417773B1 (en) * 2001-06-21 2002-07-09 Gust N. Vlahos Sound-actuated system for encouraging good personal hygiene in toilet facilities
US20030025027A1 (en) * 2001-08-02 2003-02-06 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Production managing method for photo film production
US6895296B2 (en) * 2001-10-19 2005-05-17 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Spindle system, apparatus, and methods for applying spindle apparatus
US6710606B2 (en) * 2002-03-07 2004-03-23 Georgia-Pacific Corp. Apparatus and methods usable in connection with dispensing flexible sheet material from a roll
US6894711B2 (en) * 2002-06-21 2005-05-17 Dai Nippon Printing Co., Ltd. Thermal transfer recording web roll
US7040566B1 (en) * 2003-04-08 2006-05-09 Alwin Manufacturing Co., Inc. Dispenser with material-recognition apparatus and material-recognition method
US6671894B1 (en) * 2003-05-08 2004-01-06 Ernest Sigrist Toilet overflow control system
US7242307B1 (en) * 2003-10-20 2007-07-10 Cognetive Systems Incorporated System for monitoring hygiene appliances

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100051737A1 (en) * 2008-09-04 2010-03-04 Rodrian Jeffrey E Rolled material dispenser with energy harvesting
US8408487B2 (en) * 2008-09-04 2013-04-02 Jeffrey E. Rodrian Rolled material dispenser with energy harvesting
US10383489B2 (en) 2012-02-10 2019-08-20 Gpcp Ip Holdings Llc Automatic napkin dispenser
US20150327735A1 (en) * 2012-12-20 2015-11-19 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Dispenser
US20150090832A1 (en) * 2013-10-01 2015-04-02 Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products Lp Automatic paper product dispenser with data collection and method
US10392217B2 (en) 2013-10-01 2019-08-27 Gpcp Ip Holdings Llc Automatic paper product dispenser with data collection and method
US9604811B2 (en) * 2013-10-01 2017-03-28 Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products Lp Automatic paper product dispenser with data collection and method
US9963314B2 (en) 2013-10-01 2018-05-08 Gpcp Ip Holdings Llc Automatic paper product dispenser with data collection and method
US10105020B2 (en) 2013-11-04 2018-10-23 Wausau Paper Towel & Tissue, Llc Dual roll paper towel dispenser
US9701508B2 (en) * 2015-02-06 2017-07-11 Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products Lp Hybrid dispenser systems
US20160227970A1 (en) * 2015-02-06 2016-08-11 Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products Lp Hybrid Dispenser Systems

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN1901829B (en) 2010-12-01
US7726599B2 (en) 2010-06-01
CN1901829A (en) 2007-01-24
US20050145745A1 (en) 2005-07-07

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102161467B (en) Refill container with rfid for liquid dispenser
US6236953B1 (en) System for monitoring compliance with apparatuses having predetermined operating parameters
TW434494B (en) System and method for collecting data on product consumption
US7792711B2 (en) System for inventory management
US7458336B2 (en) Animal identification and entry control system for feeding purposes
US8783511B2 (en) Manual and touch-free convertible fluid dispenser
EP1833342B1 (en) System for measuring and monitoring overflow or wetness conditions in a washroom
US9805539B2 (en) System for inventory management
US8502680B2 (en) Hand hygiene compliance monitoring
US20090206101A1 (en) Hybrid towel dispenser
RU2388399C2 (en) Automatic electronic device for distribution of towels
US7680691B2 (en) Inventory management system using RFID
US20020175182A1 (en) Self contained dispenser incorporating a user monitoring system
ES2654046T3 (en) Low-cost RFID radio frequency identification dispensing systems
CA2642846C (en) Electronic dispenser for dispensing sheet products
US7296765B2 (en) Automatic dispensers
US6419136B2 (en) Paper towel dispenser
EP0933054A2 (en) Sheet material dispensing apparatus and method
CA2533000C (en) Method and apparatus for controlling a dispenser and detecting a user
US7213782B2 (en) Intelligent dispensing system
US6820785B2 (en) Electrical roll product dispenser
AU2002326614C1 (en) Spindle system, apparatus, and methods for applying spindle apparatus
JP5314043B2 (en) Electric / manual dispenser
CN1238933A (en) Usage competect hand soap dispenser with data collection and display capabilities
AU2010360599B2 (en) Dispenser with level sensor

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION