US20090162804A1 - Electronic control of a wick containing flaming entity - Google Patents

Electronic control of a wick containing flaming entity Download PDF

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Publication number
US20090162804A1
US20090162804A1 US11758542 US75854207A US2009162804A1 US 20090162804 A1 US20090162804 A1 US 20090162804A1 US 11758542 US11758542 US 11758542 US 75854207 A US75854207 A US 75854207A US 2009162804 A1 US2009162804 A1 US 2009162804A1
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US
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
wick
means
containing apparatus
sheath
apparatus according
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US11758542
Inventor
Daniel J. Masterson
Dennis Gruber
Original Assignee
Masterson Daniel J
Dennis Gruber
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62BHAND-PROPELLED VEHICLES, e.g. HAND CARTS, PERAMBULATORS; SLEDGES
    • B62B5/00Accessories or details specially adapted for hand carts
    • B62B5/04Braking mechanisms; Locking devices against movement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62BHAND-PROPELLED VEHICLES, e.g. HAND CARTS, PERAMBULATORS; SLEDGES
    • B62B5/00Accessories or details specially adapted for hand carts
    • B62B5/04Braking mechanisms; Locking devices against movement
    • B62B5/0404Braking mechanisms; Locking devices against movement automatic
    • B62B5/0423Braking mechanisms; Locking devices against movement automatic braking or blocking when leaving a particular area
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62BHAND-PROPELLED VEHICLES, e.g. HAND CARTS, PERAMBULATORS; SLEDGES
    • B62B9/00Accessories or details specially adapted for children's carriages or perambulators
    • B62B9/08Braking mechanisms; Locking devices against movement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62BHAND-PROPELLED VEHICLES, e.g. HAND CARTS, PERAMBULATORS; SLEDGES
    • B62B9/00Accessories or details specially adapted for children's carriages or perambulators
    • B62B9/08Braking mechanisms; Locking devices against movement
    • B62B9/085Braking mechanisms; Locking devices against movement hand operated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62BHAND-PROPELLED VEHICLES, e.g. HAND CARTS, PERAMBULATORS; SLEDGES
    • B62B5/00Accessories or details specially adapted for hand carts
    • B62B5/04Braking mechanisms; Locking devices against movement
    • B62B5/0404Braking mechanisms; Locking devices against movement automatic
    • B62B5/0414Braking mechanisms; Locking devices against movement automatic dead man's brakes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62BHAND-PROPELLED VEHICLES, e.g. HAND CARTS, PERAMBULATORS; SLEDGES
    • B62B5/00Accessories or details specially adapted for hand carts
    • B62B5/04Braking mechanisms; Locking devices against movement
    • B62B5/0457Braking mechanisms; Locking devices against movement by locking in a braking position
    • B62B5/0461Braking mechanisms; Locking devices against movement by locking in a braking position with positive engagement

Abstract

The present invention is an apparatus that allows a torch, lantern, or candle user to ignite an actual flame electronically with the turn of a switch. Furthermore, this invention provides the means for the user to remove the flame without the need to blow it out or manually snuff the flame.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • 1. Field of the Invention
  • The present invention relates to lanterns, torches, candles, and similar flaming products that use a wick to continuously replenish and sustain a flame from a reservoir of liquid fuel.
  • 2. Description of Related Art
  • Existing flaming products, like table lanterns, staked torches, and candles require the user to ignite the exposed wick using a match, lighter, or similar product. In all cases, the ability to ignite requires an additional product to facilitate the wick ignition. In many situations, like jar candles or glass enclosed lanterns, the process of lighting the wick can cause burns upon the fingers. The need for user interaction with matches, lighters, and the like to ignite candles or lanterns has caused for the recent proliferation of incandescent or fake candles (also know as flameless candles). However, while these flame mimics provide the convenience and safety of ignition desired by the user, the executions lack the natural and preferred ambiance of a flickering, natural, and genuine flame.
  • In general, the present invention endeavors to solve the shortcomings of both existing natural flaming products and electronic alternatives.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention is an apparatus that allows a torch, lantern, or candle user to ignite an actual flame electronically with the turn of a switch. Furthermore, this invention provides the means for the user to remove the flame without the need to blow it out or manually snuff the flame.
  • Generally, the device employs a filament to ignite the flame upon or near the exposed wick. When the user rocks a two position switch in one direction, the filament heats to an ignition temperature for a predetermined amount of time u generally enough to ignite the saturated wick upon the lantern, candle, or torch. In a similar fashion, when the user rocks the switch to the alternate position, a solid sheath emerges from the shaft of the wick to completely enclose the wick sufficiently enough for a long enough time to snuff the flame on demand. Because the sheath is open ended, the extension of the sheath must protrude beyond the surface of the wick enough to starve the wick of available oxygen.
  • The incorporation of the basic electronic mechanisms for ignition and snuffing then allows the user to ignite and snuff multiple units simultaneously, pre-program a duration of operation, program the flaming unit to turn itself off after a period of time, and to operate a flaming item that is out of manual reach.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a general view of the basic integrated system in the form of a table lantern.
  • FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional detail of the core lighting and snuffing mechanisms.
  • FIG. 3 is an electrical schematic of the basic power circuit.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • As shown in FIG. 1, the general assembly of this invention in the form of a table lantern. In this version of the invention, a fuel container 1 holds the liquid fuel 2 that saturates the wick 3. Once the wick is saturated with fuel, ignition is accomplished by depressing the rocker switch 4 to one direction. The closing of that circuit causes the 1.5V DC power supply 5 to provide power to the resistive filament 6. The filament is matched to the power supply in such a manner as to glow hot and exceed the fuel ignition temperature causing the formation of a combusting flame upon the wick. The wick is porous enough to provide continuous replenishment of the fuel to the flame.
  • Upon determination that the flame should be extinguished, a user can depress the rocker switch in an alternate direction. This closes the circuit that uses the same 1.5V DC power supply that ignited the flame to power wound coil electromagnet 7. The energized coil induces the metal sheath 8 to move upward until it is stopped at it uppermost vertical position. In this position, the sheath extends beyond the wick sufficiently enough to starve the flame of oxygen and therefore extinguishes combustion. Once accomplished, the user can allow the rocker switch to return to its neutral position and the sheath fall gravitationally back to its resting location u allowing the wick to be lit once again whenever the user desires. The product housing is comprised of a top 10 that also acts as a flame guard, a base 11, and an electronics guard 12 on the lower surface of the top.
  • FIG. 2 shows the mechanism of FIG. 1 in more detail. In this drawing, the filament 6 is posted into the wick 3 such that it is not in direct contact with the wick. By doing so, consumption of the wick is minimized. The filament must be close enough to the wick surface such that the radiant energy supplied by the energized filament heats the fluid fuel beyond its ignition temperature. The posts 9 that support the filament can be imbedded in the wick material. The posts also serve as the electrical connection to the power supply and extend down the wick through the sheath and emerge beneath the lower resting position of the wick sheath. From there, the electrical connections to the rocker switch and the power supply are made. In this manner the filament circuit is unharmed by any movement of the wick sheath.
  • FIG. 2 also shows the wound coil suspended to the inner and upper surface of the flame guard by using a multiple brackets 13. Similarly, the DC power supply is held in place by means of a standard battery mounting bracket. The geometric or special relationship between the wound coil and the moving sheath is in such a way that when the metallic or induced section of the sheath is perfectly centered within the coil along the length axis of the sheath, the upper portion of the sheath is extended far enough to extinguish the flame. An alternative to a sheath composed of a single ferrous material is a compound sheath comprised of aluminum (or non-ferrous) material on the top or through out and ferrous on only the lower half. This combination will allow for greater vertical movement in a given vertical area and make the sheath take up less space and be equivalently effective.
  • FIG. 3 shows the basic electronic circuit that drives the mechanisms. The power source used in this schematic is a 1.5V C-cell battery 14. Alternatively, any level of DC or AC current can drive the mechanisms in this invention. Additionally, this circuit can be easily modified to allow for timing circuits, other programmable capabilities, or a fail safe execution that pre-charge the snuffing circuit by using a capacitor or similar temporary energy storage unit. The power source connects to two circuits through a 3 position switch 15. The switch rests at a neutral position, connected to neither active position. When rocked one direction, a resistive filament 16 heats and sustains the heat until the switch is released. When the switch is held in the third position, a magnetic coil 17 energized and affects movement upon the wick sheath shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2.
  • Whilst the above has been given by way of illustrative embodiment of the invention, all such variations and modifications thereto as would be apparent to persons skilled in the art are deemed to fall within the broad scope and ambit of the invention and herein defined in the appended claims.

Claims (15)

  1. 1. A wick containing apparatus that uses a wick to transport a combustible liquid fuel to sustain a flame upon the wick comprising:
    a wick capable of producing illumination,
    means for ignition of the wick using an electrical current driven filament that reaches ignition temperature adjacent to the wick,
    and
    means for electrically controlling the means for ignition.
  2. 2. The wick containing apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising:
    a sheath positioned around the wick and capable of sliding along the wick,
    means for moving the sheath along the wick,
    and
    means for electrically controlling the sheath, such that the sheath may move to a position along the wick to extinguish the flame.
  3. 3. The wick containing apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the means for electrically controlling the means for ignition and the means for electrically controlling the sheath, may be activated by an activation signal from a user.
  4. 4. The wick containing apparatus according to claim 3, wherein the means for electrically controlling the sheath is activated to extinguish the flame after a given period of time after activation of the means for ignition.
  5. 5. The wick containing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the electrical current is a direct current.
  6. 6. The wick containing apparatus according to claim 1 wherein the electrical current is an alternating current.
  7. 7. The wick containing apparatus according to claim 2, further comprising a remote control means to send a signal to the means for electrically controlling the means for ignition and the means for controlling the sheath.
  8. 8. The wick containing apparatus according to claim 7, wherein the remote control means utilizes a radio frequency signal.
  9. 9. The wick containing apparatus according to claim 2 further comprising a capacitor to store enough energy to actuate the means for electrically controlling the sheath prior to igniting the wick to ensure there is sufficient energy stored to activate the means for controlling the sheath to extinguish the flame at the time of igniting the flame.
  10. 10. The wick containing apparatus according to claim 2, further comprising a timing circuit to automatically activate the means for controlling the sheath to extinguish the flame after a predetermined length of time.
  11. 11. The wick containing apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the means for controlling the means for ignition and the means for controlling the sheath are contained as a part of a preprogrammed and repeating sequence.
  12. 12. The wick containing apparatus according to claim 2, wherein at least two units of the apparatus man be connected in an array and can be controlled together.
  13. 13. The wick containing apparatus according to claim 12, wherein a master wick containing apparatus may be controlled by a user and at least one mimic wick containing apparatus is connected to the master apparatus and controlled in the same manner as the master wick containing apparatus.
  14. 14. The wick containing apparatus according to claim 13, wherein a wire connection connects the master wick containing apparatus to the at least one mimic wick containing apparatus.
  15. 15. The wick containing apparatus according to claim 13, wherein a radio frequency control connection connects the master wick containing apparatus to the at least one mimic wick containing apparatus.
US11758542 2006-06-05 2007-06-05 Electronic control of a wick containing flaming entity Abandoned US20090162804A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US81082906 true 2006-06-05 2006-06-05
US11758542 US20090162804A1 (en) 2006-06-05 2007-06-05 Electronic control of a wick containing flaming entity

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11758542 US20090162804A1 (en) 2006-06-05 2007-06-05 Electronic control of a wick containing flaming entity

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US20090162804A1 true true US20090162804A1 (en) 2009-06-25

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US11758542 Abandoned US20090162804A1 (en) 2006-06-05 2007-06-05 Electronic control of a wick containing flaming entity
US11758583 Abandoned US20090120736A1 (en) 2006-06-05 2007-06-05 Automatic braking for a manually controlled wheeled cart

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US11758583 Abandoned US20090120736A1 (en) 2006-06-05 2007-06-05 Automatic braking for a manually controlled wheeled cart

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2016092551A1 (en) * 2014-12-11 2016-06-16 Candle Touch Ltd. Remotely-controlled candle

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US8024101B2 (en) * 2005-11-10 2011-09-20 Linet Spol. S.R.O. Undercarriage for hospital bed
US8452508B2 (en) * 2005-11-10 2013-05-28 Linet Spol. S.R.O. Braking system for patient support
US7690059B2 (en) 2005-12-19 2010-04-06 Stryker Corporation Hospital bed
CN104554415B (en) * 2015-01-26 2017-04-12 昆山威凯儿童用品有限公司 Stroller brake system
CN104554416B (en) * 2015-01-26 2017-02-22 昆山威凯儿童用品有限公司 Stroller brake system
ES1146361Y (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-02-12 Garcia Ana Belén Torres Perambulator with braking system and automatic leveling pending before the carrycot
CN105902352B (en) * 2016-06-01 2017-12-29 圣路机械(嘉兴)制造有限公司 Caster beds synchronization detection device

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US2293678A (en) * 1940-06-20 1942-08-18 Tweeddale John Oil burning orchard heater
US2346455A (en) * 1944-04-11 Lighting and extinguishing means
US2518132A (en) * 1946-03-05 1950-08-08 Wallin G Foster Portable wick type oil heater
US3873262A (en) * 1973-05-02 1975-03-25 Braun Ag Windproof lighter with hot filament
US4496307A (en) * 1983-07-29 1985-01-29 Valley Candle Mfg. Co., Inc. Candle including flame adjustment means and automatic flame extinguisher means
US4526530A (en) * 1984-03-28 1985-07-02 Hollowick, Inc. Burner for liquid candle
US6733279B2 (en) * 2001-04-05 2004-05-11 Harold D. Thigpen Remote microcontrolled laser oil lamp
US20060153731A1 (en) * 2005-01-12 2006-07-13 Givaudan Sa Apparatus for volatile liquid dissemination
US7217122B1 (en) * 2004-04-05 2007-05-15 Baird Ian F Candle wick snuffer

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US5194844A (en) * 1988-10-06 1993-03-16 Zelda Arthur W Vehicle theft protection device
US5794639A (en) * 1995-10-31 1998-08-18 Einbinder; Eli Adjustably controllable walker
GB0222672D0 (en) * 2002-10-01 2002-11-06 Gray Matter Alpha Ltd Braking assembly
US20070051566A1 (en) * 2003-06-04 2007-03-08 Marlow John K Automatic brake control for hand-propelled vehicles
KR100648505B1 (en) * 2005-02-03 2006-11-27 장응순 Locking device for the two-wheeled vehicle
US20080073141A1 (en) * 2006-09-25 2008-03-27 Jaunarena-Ferrari Jose Rafael Occupant Protection System and Method
US7708120B2 (en) * 2007-08-17 2010-05-04 Eli Einbinder Electronically controlled brakes for walkers

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2346455A (en) * 1944-04-11 Lighting and extinguishing means
US2293678A (en) * 1940-06-20 1942-08-18 Tweeddale John Oil burning orchard heater
US2518132A (en) * 1946-03-05 1950-08-08 Wallin G Foster Portable wick type oil heater
US3873262A (en) * 1973-05-02 1975-03-25 Braun Ag Windproof lighter with hot filament
US4496307A (en) * 1983-07-29 1985-01-29 Valley Candle Mfg. Co., Inc. Candle including flame adjustment means and automatic flame extinguisher means
US4526530A (en) * 1984-03-28 1985-07-02 Hollowick, Inc. Burner for liquid candle
US6733279B2 (en) * 2001-04-05 2004-05-11 Harold D. Thigpen Remote microcontrolled laser oil lamp
US7217122B1 (en) * 2004-04-05 2007-05-15 Baird Ian F Candle wick snuffer
US20060153731A1 (en) * 2005-01-12 2006-07-13 Givaudan Sa Apparatus for volatile liquid dissemination

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2016092551A1 (en) * 2014-12-11 2016-06-16 Candle Touch Ltd. Remotely-controlled candle

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Publication number Publication date Type
US20090120736A1 (en) 2009-05-14 application

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