US20080218692A1 - Reflectometry/Interferometry System and Method for Corneal Plane Positioning - Google Patents

Reflectometry/Interferometry System and Method for Corneal Plane Positioning Download PDF

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Publication number
US20080218692A1
US20080218692A1 US11/682,608 US68260807A US2008218692A1 US 20080218692 A1 US20080218692 A1 US 20080218692A1 US 68260807 A US68260807 A US 68260807A US 2008218692 A1 US2008218692 A1 US 2008218692A1
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Prior art keywords
patient
anterior surface
desired position
moving
eye
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Abandoned
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US11/682,608
Inventor
Mark D. Hopler
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Alcon Refractive Horizons Inc
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Alcon Refractive Horizons Inc
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Priority to US11/682,608 priority Critical patent/US20080218692A1/en
Assigned to ALCON REFRACTIVEHORIZONS, INC. reassignment ALCON REFRACTIVEHORIZONS, INC. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: HOPLER, MARK D
Publication of US20080218692A1 publication Critical patent/US20080218692A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F9/00Methods or devices for treatment of the eyes; Devices for putting-in contact lenses; Devices to correct squinting; Apparatus to guide the blind; Protective devices for the eyes, carried on the body or in the hand
    • A61F9/007Methods or devices for eye surgery
    • A61F9/008Methods or devices for eye surgery using laser
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B3/00Apparatus for testing the eyes; Instruments for examining the eyes
    • A61B3/10Objective types, i.e. instruments for examining the eyes independent of the patients' perceptions or reactions
    • A61B3/102Objective types, i.e. instruments for examining the eyes independent of the patients' perceptions or reactions for optical coherence tomography [OCT]
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B3/00Apparatus for testing the eyes; Instruments for examining the eyes
    • A61B3/10Objective types, i.e. instruments for examining the eyes independent of the patients' perceptions or reactions
    • A61B3/14Arrangements specially adapted for eye photography
    • A61B3/15Arrangements specially adapted for eye photography with means for aligning, spacing or blocking spurious reflection ; with means for relaxing
    • A61B3/152Arrangements specially adapted for eye photography with means for aligning, spacing or blocking spurious reflection ; with means for relaxing for aligning
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B3/00Apparatus for testing the eyes; Instruments for examining the eyes
    • A61B3/10Objective types, i.e. instruments for examining the eyes independent of the patients' perceptions or reactions
    • A61B3/1005Objective types, i.e. instruments for examining the eyes independent of the patients' perceptions or reactions for measuring distances inside the eye, e.g. thickness of the cornea
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B3/00Apparatus for testing the eyes; Instruments for examining the eyes
    • A61B3/10Objective types, i.e. instruments for examining the eyes independent of the patients' perceptions or reactions
    • A61B3/107Objective types, i.e. instruments for examining the eyes independent of the patients' perceptions or reactions for determining the shape or measuring the curvature of the cornea
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F9/00Methods or devices for treatment of the eyes; Devices for putting-in contact lenses; Devices to correct squinting; Apparatus to guide the blind; Protective devices for the eyes, carried on the body or in the hand
    • A61F9/007Methods or devices for eye surgery
    • A61F9/008Methods or devices for eye surgery using laser
    • A61F2009/00844Feedback systems
    • A61F2009/00846Eyetracking

Abstract

A system for positioning an eye of a patient, for example, for laser ophthalmic surgery includes a reflectometer adapted to receive as input a reflected beam from an anterior surface of a cornea of an eye of a patient. The interferometer is calibratable to a desired position of the corneal anterior surface. A comparator is in signal communication with the interferometer and is adapted to calculate from the input a difference between an actual position and the desired position of the corneal anterior surface. A device is in signal communication with the comparator for moving the patient a distance in a direction for matching the actual position to the desired position of the corneal anterior surface.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention is directed to patient positioning systems for ophthalmic laser surgery systems, and, in particular, to such systems using reflectometry/interferometry.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • Precise positioning of a patient's eye is critical for successful outcomes in ophthalmic laser systems. At present such positioning is performed by optimizing the focus of a video image of the patient's eye. Typically such focusing is performed by the surgeon, and can be accurate to the millimeter level.
  • Therefore, it would be advantageous to provide a system and method that could improve the accuracy of positioning a patient's cornea for ophthalmic surgery, and that could be performed automatically.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention is directed to a system for positioning an eye of a patient, for example, for laser ophthalmic surgery. The system comprises a reflectometer adapted to receive as input a reflected beam from an anterior surface of a cornea of an eye of a patient. The interferometer is calibratable to a desired position of the corneal anterior surface.
  • A comparator is in signal communication with the interferometer and is adapted to calculate from the input a difference between an actual position and the desired position of the corneal anterior surface. A device is in signal communication with the comparator for moving the patient a distance in a direction for matching the actual position to the desired position of the corneal anterior surface.
  • A method for positioning an eye of a patient comprises the steps of receiving a reflected beam from an anterior surface of a cornea of an eye of a patient. The received reflected beam is compared with a reference beam calibrated to a desired position of the corneal anterior surface. A difference between an actual position and the desired position of the corneal anterior surface is calculated from the comparing step. Then the patient is moved a distance in a direction for matching the actual position to the desired position of the corneal anterior surface.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING
  • FIG. 1 illustrates reflections from various structures of the eye.
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of an exemplary embodiment of the eye positioning system of the present invention.
  • FIG. 3 is a more detailed view of an embodiment of the reflectometer/interferometer.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • A description of preferred embodiments of the invention will now be presented with reference to FIGS. 1-3.
  • The eye 10 (FIG. 1) contains several structures that can reflect light. Depending upon the wavelength and intensity of incoming radiation, reflections 11-15 can be detected, respectively, from the anterior 16 and posterior 17 surfaces of the cornea 18, the anterior 19 and posterior 20 surfaces of the lens 21, and anterior surface 22 of the retina 23. If a broad-bandwidth source is used, reflections 11 from the cornea's anterior surface 16 can be obtained with virtually no contribution from the other reflections 12-15.
  • A high-level schematic diagram of a system 30 for precisely determining a position of a patient's eye 10 is given in FIG. 2, wherein an excimer laser delivery subsystem 31 is configured to deliver a beam 32 of ablating radiation to the eye 10 after impinging upon a beam combiner 33 and adjusted by galvo scan mirrors 29. It will be understood by one of skill in the art that this subsystem 31 is intended to be exemplary, and that the positioning system 30 of the present invention can be used with other subsystems as well.
  • A source 34, for example, a broad-bandwidth light source, within a reflectometer/interferometer system 35 emits a beam 36 to the beam combiner 33 and thence to the eye 10.
  • A reflected beam 11 from the eye's anterior corneal surface 16 travels back through the beam combiner 33 to the reflectometer/interferometer 35, where it is compared with a reference beam to determine whether the eye 10, specifically, the corneal plane 16, is positioned at a predetermined position for the excimer laser system 31. Data are output to a processor 38 having software 39 resident thereon to adjust the patient's position, for example, by way of a chair or table position controller 40. The system 30 can act in closed-loop configuration to continue measuring and adjusting until the predetermined position is reached.
  • A detailed view of an exemplary configuration for a reflectometer/interferometer system 35 for use with the present invention is shown in FIG. 3, wherein the source 34 enters a coupler/beamsplitter 41. The system 35 will have been calibrated so that the scanning cube 42 has as a center of its scan range is as near to the optimum corneal apex plane as possible. Light 11 reflected from the patient's anterior corneal surface 16 interferes with a reference signal at or near the middle of the scan range of the reference path. This arrangement will give a sensitivity in the range of λ/4, in the micrometer range.
  • In use, the patient is nominally positioned, and an auto-z feedback loop can be established wherein the front surface signal 11 is used to position the patient chair or table using controller 40.
  • One of skill in the art will recognize that other configurations for the reflectometer/interferometer could be used without departing from the spirit of the invention.
  • In the foregoing description, certain terms have been used for brevity, clarity, and understanding, but no unnecessary limitations are to be implied therefrom beyond the requirements of the prior art, because such words are used for description purposes herein and are intended to be broadly construed. Moreover, the embodiments of the system illustrated and described herein are by way of example, and the scope of the invention is not limited to the exact details of construction.
  • Having now described the invention, the construction, the operation and use of preferred embodiments thereof, and the advantageous new and useful results obtained thereby, the new and useful constructions, and reasonable mechanical and optical equivalents thereof obvious to those skilled in the art, are set forth in the appended claims.

Claims (12)

1. A system for positioning an eye of a patient comprising:
a reflectometer adapted to receive as input a reflected beam from an anterior surface of a cornea of an eye of a patient, the interferometer calibratable to a desired position of the corneal anterior surface;
a comparator in signal communication with the interferometer and adapted to calculate from the input a difference between an actual position and the desired position of the corneal anterior surface; and
a device in signal communication with the comparator for moving the patient a distance in a direction for matching the actual position to the desired position of the corneal anterior surface.
2. The system recited in claim 1, wherein the reflectometer comprises an optical low-coherence interferometer.
3. The system recited in claim 1, wherein the reflectometer comprises a broad-bandwidth light source.
4. The system recited in claim 1, wherein the patient-moving device comprises means for moving a patient support element the distance to achieve the desired position.
5. The system recited in claim 1, wherein the reflectometer and the patient-moving device are connected in a closed-loop feedback configuration.
6. The system recited in claim 1, wherein the comparator comprises a processor having software resident thereon for calculating from the input a signal for being communicated to the patient-moving device to achieve the desired position.
7. A method for positioning an eye of a patient comprising the steps of:
receiving a reflected beam from an anterior surface of a cornea of an eye of a patient;
comparing the received reflected beam with a reference beam calibrated to a desired position of the corneal anterior surface;
calculating from the comparing step a difference between an actual position and the desired position of the corneal anterior surface; and
moving the patient a distance in a direction for matching the actual position to the desired position of the corneal anterior surface.
8. The method recited in claim 7, wherein the receiving and comparing steps are carried out with the use of an optical low-coherence interferometer.
9. The method recited in claim 7, further comprising the step, prior to the receiving step, of directing a broad-bandwidth light source to the corneal anterior surface.
10. The method recited in claim 7, wherein the patient-moving step comprises moving a patient support element the distance to achieve the desired position.
11. The method recited in claim 7, wherein the receiving, comparing, calculating, and moving steps are carried out in a closed-loop feedback method.
12. The method recited in claim 7, wherein the calculating step comprises calculating from the received reflected beam a signal for being communicated to a patient-moving device to achieve the desired position.
US11/682,608 2007-03-06 2007-03-06 Reflectometry/Interferometry System and Method for Corneal Plane Positioning Abandoned US20080218692A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/682,608 US20080218692A1 (en) 2007-03-06 2007-03-06 Reflectometry/Interferometry System and Method for Corneal Plane Positioning

Applications Claiming Priority (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/682,608 US20080218692A1 (en) 2007-03-06 2007-03-06 Reflectometry/Interferometry System and Method for Corneal Plane Positioning
PCT/US2008/055842 WO2008109627A1 (en) 2007-03-06 2008-03-05 Reflectometry/interferometry system and method for corneal plane positioning
AT08731386T AT478641T (en) 2007-03-06 2008-03-05 Reflectometry / interferometry system and method for positioning a cornea layer
EP20080731386 EP2061412B1 (en) 2007-03-06 2008-03-05 Reflectometry/interferometry system and method for corneal plane positioning
DE200860002304 DE602008002304D1 (en) 2007-03-06 2008-03-05 Reflectometry / interferometry system and method for positioning a cornea layer
US12/612,924 US7954945B2 (en) 2007-03-06 2009-11-05 Reflectometry/interferometry system and method for corneal plane positioning

Related Child Applications (1)

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US12/612,924 Continuation US7954945B2 (en) 2007-03-06 2009-11-05 Reflectometry/interferometry system and method for corneal plane positioning

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US12/612,924 Active US7954945B2 (en) 2007-03-06 2009-11-05 Reflectometry/interferometry system and method for corneal plane positioning

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EP (1) EP2061412B1 (en)
AT (1) AT478641T (en)
DE (1) DE602008002304D1 (en)
WO (1) WO2008109627A1 (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050018137A1 (en) * 1998-12-10 2005-01-27 Roland Barth System and method for the non-contacting measurement of the axis length and/or cornea curvature and/or anterior chamber depth of the eye, preferably for intraocular lens calculation
US20050140981A1 (en) * 2002-04-18 2005-06-30 Rudolf Waelti Measurement of optical properties
US20050192562A1 (en) * 2004-03-01 2005-09-01 Frieder Loesel System and method for positioning a patient for laser surgery
US20050203422A1 (en) * 2004-02-10 2005-09-15 Jay Wei Optical apparatus and methods for performing eye examinations
US20080144771A1 (en) * 2006-10-16 2008-06-19 Oraya Therapeutics, Inc. Portable orthovoltage radiotherapy

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7390089B2 (en) * 2005-02-25 2008-06-24 20/10 Perfect Vision Optische Geraete Gmbh Device and method for aligning an eye with a surgical laser
BRPI0614619B1 (en) 2005-07-29 2018-03-13 Alcon Refractivehorizons, Inc. System and associated methods of positioning ophthalmic device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050018137A1 (en) * 1998-12-10 2005-01-27 Roland Barth System and method for the non-contacting measurement of the axis length and/or cornea curvature and/or anterior chamber depth of the eye, preferably for intraocular lens calculation
US20050140981A1 (en) * 2002-04-18 2005-06-30 Rudolf Waelti Measurement of optical properties
US20050203422A1 (en) * 2004-02-10 2005-09-15 Jay Wei Optical apparatus and methods for performing eye examinations
US20050192562A1 (en) * 2004-03-01 2005-09-01 Frieder Loesel System and method for positioning a patient for laser surgery
US20080144771A1 (en) * 2006-10-16 2008-06-19 Oraya Therapeutics, Inc. Portable orthovoltage radiotherapy

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US7954945B2 (en) 2011-06-07
EP2061412A1 (en) 2009-05-27
EP2061412B1 (en) 2010-08-25
AT478641T (en) 2010-09-15
DE602008002304D1 (en) 2010-10-07
US20100277689A1 (en) 2010-11-04
WO2008109627A1 (en) 2008-09-12

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AS Assignment

Owner name: ALCON REFRACTIVEHORIZONS, INC., TEXAS

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:HOPLER, MARK D;REEL/FRAME:019697/0474

Effective date: 20070717

STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION