US20070167099A1 - Paper machine fabric with release coating - Google Patents

Paper machine fabric with release coating Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20070167099A1
US20070167099A1 US11/654,298 US65429807A US2007167099A1 US 20070167099 A1 US20070167099 A1 US 20070167099A1 US 65429807 A US65429807 A US 65429807A US 2007167099 A1 US2007167099 A1 US 2007167099A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
fabric
surface
paper
surface matrix
side
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US11/654,298
Inventor
Sanjay Patel
Robert Crook
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Voith Paper GmbH and Co KG
Original Assignee
Voith Paper GmbH and Co KG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US75965006P priority Critical
Application filed by Voith Paper GmbH and Co KG filed Critical Voith Paper GmbH and Co KG
Priority to US11/654,298 priority patent/US20070167099A1/en
Assigned to VOITH PAPER GMBH reassignment VOITH PAPER GMBH ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: CROOK, ROBERT, PATEL, SANJAY
Publication of US20070167099A1 publication Critical patent/US20070167099A1/en
Priority claimed from US12/751,941 external-priority patent/US8191475B2/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21FPAPER-MAKING MACHINES; METHODS OF PRODUCING PAPER THEREON
    • D21F1/00Wet end of machines for making continuous webs of paper
    • D21F1/0027Screen-cloths
    • D21F1/0036Multi-layer screen-cloths
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21FPAPER-MAKING MACHINES; METHODS OF PRODUCING PAPER THEREON
    • D21F1/00Wet end of machines for making continuous webs of paper
    • D21F1/0027Screen-cloths
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21FPAPER-MAKING MACHINES; METHODS OF PRODUCING PAPER THEREON
    • D21F7/00Other details of machines for making continuous webs of paper
    • D21F7/08Felts
    • D21F7/083Multi-layer felts
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21FPAPER-MAKING MACHINES; METHODS OF PRODUCING PAPER THEREON
    • D21F7/00Other details of machines for making continuous webs of paper
    • D21F7/08Felts
    • D21F7/086Substantially impermeable for transferring fibrous webs
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T442/00Fabric [woven, knitted, or nonwoven textile or cloth, etc.]
    • Y10T442/60Nonwoven fabric [i.e., nonwoven strand or fiber material]

Abstract

A paper machine fabric INCLUDES A fabric having a roll side and a paper side and a surface matrix on the paper side; and a chrome complex treatment in the surface matrix. The chrome complex treatment chemically reacts with the surface matrix and orients hydrophobic organic chains away from the surface of the fabric and thereby provides enhanced release property.

Description

    CROSS REFERENCE TO PROVISIONAL APPLICATION
  • This application claims the benefit of the filing date of provisional patent application 60/759,650 filed Jan. 17, 2006.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to paper machine fabrics. Paper machine fabrics are conventionally used in the manufacture of paper towels, facial tissue, bathroom tissue, table napkins and the like.
  • U.S. Pat. Nos. 6,017,417 and 6,331,230 and Publication WO 01/44568 describe the manufacture of tissue and the like using through-air drying. Typically, in such processes, a slurry of cellulosic fibers is fed onto a forming fabric or between two forming fabrics, where the paper web is formed and partially dewatered before the web is transferred, often via a transfer fabric, to a through-air drying (TAD) fabric for further water removal by way of one or multiple TAD units. The web is then fed by way of the TAD fabric to a presser roll where a nip is formed between the TAD fabric and a Yankee cylinder. Here the paper web transfers to the Yankee cylinder where further drying and creping takes place. In one variation of this process, the Yankee cylinder is removed, thus eliminating the pressing nip. In this case, the web is transferred from the TAD fabric to a further fabric.
  • It is conventional to spray a chemical release agent, e.g. silicone oil onto the paper machine fabrics in order to provide good sheet release, whether it be to aid the transfer of the sheet on to another fabric or on to the Yankee cylinder, after exiting the presser roll nip. There are a number of potential problems associated with using a chemical release agent in the TAD process, two of these being that they are messy to utilize and very expensive.
  • A significant problem with the use of a chemical release agent is the fact that the agent remains in the recycled white water system. Most modern paper machines tend to have closed water systems, and so the water that is removed from the cellulosic stock during the papermaking process and the reclaimed fabric shower water is collected, recycled and then reused as shower water and also to dilute the new cellulosic stock. In the interim period, the water is stored in holding tanks. In these tanks, minute beads of chemical release agent coalesce into larger globules. It is extremely difficult to separate the chemical release agent from the water and the globules end up coating these tanks, which finally make their way back into the system. When the globules find their way into the cellulosic stock, there are potentially a number of problems, all of which result in a reduction of paper quality and machine operating efficiency.
  • Another approach to improve release is to coat the fabric, and typical coatings include thermoset polyurethane (TPU), hydrophobic materials and the like.
  • It is clear that the need remains for an environmentally friendly system which can be applied to paper making machine fabric and other belts or rolls to improve release behavior without adversely impacting other performance attributes.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • According to the invention, the foregoing need has been met.
  • According to the invention, a paper machine fabric is provided which comprises a fabric having a roll side and a paper side and a surface matrix on the paper side; and a chrome complex treatment on the surface matrix. The chrome complex treatment serves to enhance release properties of the fabric without requiring sanding of the fabric and without using materials which interfere with the complex paper system and/or the paper making machine itself. Further, the treatment is applied in a water based system, and chemically reacts with the surface of the fabric.
  • According to the invention, the chrome complex treatment can preferably be an organic metal complex, preferably a fatty acid metal complex.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • A detailed description of preferred embodiments of the present invention follows, with reference to the attached drawings, wherein:
  • FIG. 1 schematically illustrates a fabric having a coating according to the invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • The invention relates to fabric for papermaking machines and, more particularly, to a treatment for such fabric which improves the release properties of the fabric.
  • The treatment according to the invention is applied to the paper side of a fabric, preferably a fabric 10 having a base 12 and batt layers 14, 16 attached at each side of base 12. A surface matrix 18 can be attached to or otherwise defined on a surface of batt layer 14, and the treatment 20 according to the invention is preferably applied at least to surface matrix 18.
  • According to the invention, the surface treatment comprises a water based system containing a chrome complex. One example of particularly suitable chrome complexes is a family of products marketed by Dupont under the trademark Quillon®, certain examples of which include chromium pentahydroxy(tetradecanoato)di-; tetradecanoato chromic chloride hydroxide; octadecanoato chromic chloride hydroxide and others.
  • The treatment composition can be applied in relatively low concentrations, for example at concentrations of less than 10% volume, preferably at concentrations of less than 2% volume. The composition can be applied using known techniques such as spray or kiss roll application. After application to the fabric, the composition is preferably dried and cured, preferably at a temperature of about 100° C. plus or minus about 50° C. This leads to chemical reaction of the composition with the fabric which leads to desirable release properties of the fabric. It is believed that the composition reacts with the polar groups of the fabric, and when cured the complex forms an insoluble layer of a polymerized chromium network chemically bonded to the substrate. Hydrophobic fatty acid chains of the composition are left oriented away from the surface of the substrate, giving rise to a unique and unexpected release property.
  • The treatment according to the present invention can advantageously be applied to various papermaking machine clothing or fabric and other industrial fabrics, for example including forming fabrics, press fabrics, impermeable press belts, dryer fabrics, TAD and other industrial fabrics, and can be applied to rolls and sleeves.
  • The composition of the present invention can also be engineered with other aqueous polymer systems such as poly vinyl alcohol (PVA) or poly vinyl acetate (PVAc) to provide control over surface energy, wetting behavior and the like.
  • A particular advantage of the present invention is that the fabric does not need to be sanded or ground or otherwise treated in a potentially harmful way in order to apply the composition.
  • The water based system which is preferably used to apply the composition is environmentally friendly, and does not contaminate the white water of the process or the wet cellulosic material.
  • EXAMPLE
  • An impermeable press belt having a 1.0 mm thick surface matrix consisting of TPU and embedded nylon fibers is treated using Quilon S and/or Quilon L solution. The solution is applied by spray and/or kiss roll application at concentrations of 0-10% by volume, and then dried and cured at 100° C. Following this treatment, the treated fabrics were tested and surface energy dropped by approximately 20% as compared to the normal TPU. Thus, the treated fabric has a marked improvement in release properties.
  • It is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the illustrations described and shown herein, which are deemed to be merely illustrative of the best modes of carrying out the invention, and which are susceptible of modification of form, size, arrangement of parts and details of operation. The invention rather is intended to encompass all such modifications which are within its spirit and scope as defined by the claims.

Claims (7)

1. A paper machine fabric, comprising:
a fabric having a roll side and a paper side and a surface matrix on the paper side; and
a chrome complex treatment in the surface matrix.
2. The fabric of claim 1, wherein the fabric comprises a fabric base, a roll side batt layer on the roll side of the fabric base, and a paper side batt layer on the paper side of the fabric base, wherein the surface matrix is attached to the paper side batt layer.
3. The fabric of claim 1, wherein the chrome complex treatment is chemically bonded with the surface matrix.
4. The fabric of claim 1, wherein the chrome complex comprises a polymerized chromium network chemically bonded with the surface matrix.
5. The fabric of claim 1, wherein the fabric is at least one of a forming fabric, a press fabric, a dryer fabric, an impermeable press belt and a through-air dryer fabric.
6. A method for providing release properties to a papermaking machine fabric, comprising the steps of:
applying a solution of chemically reactive chrome complex to a surface of a papermaking machine fabric; and
drying and curing the fabric so that the complex reacts with the surface and produces a polymerized chromium network chemically bonded to the fabric.
7. The method of claim 6, wherein the drying and curing step orients hydrophobic fatty chains from the complex so that the chains are oriented away from the fabric.
US11/654,298 2006-01-17 2007-01-17 Paper machine fabric with release coating Abandoned US20070167099A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US75965006P true 2006-01-17 2006-01-17
US11/654,298 US20070167099A1 (en) 2006-01-17 2007-01-17 Paper machine fabric with release coating

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/654,298 US20070167099A1 (en) 2006-01-17 2007-01-17 Paper machine fabric with release coating
US12/751,941 US8191475B2 (en) 2006-01-17 2010-03-31 Energy harvesting power sources for generating a time-out signal for unexploded munitions

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US12/751,941 Continuation US8191475B2 (en) 2006-01-17 2010-03-31 Energy harvesting power sources for generating a time-out signal for unexploded munitions

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20070167099A1 true US20070167099A1 (en) 2007-07-19

Family

ID=37930923

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11/654,298 Abandoned US20070167099A1 (en) 2006-01-17 2007-01-17 Paper machine fabric with release coating

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (1) US20070167099A1 (en)
EP (1) EP1808528A1 (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080005877A1 (en) * 2006-07-05 2008-01-10 Laird Deborah A System, apparatus, and method of reducing production loss having a counterband
US20100057955A1 (en) * 2007-05-15 2010-03-04 Peter Foster Method and system for reducing triggering latency in universal serial bus data acquisition
US20100133071A1 (en) * 2007-04-27 2010-06-03 Matthias Schmitt Transfer belt
WO2010088283A1 (en) * 2009-01-28 2010-08-05 Albany International Corp. Papermaking fabric for producing tissue and towel products, and method of making thereof
US20100230064A1 (en) * 2008-12-12 2010-09-16 Dana Eagles Industrial fabric including spirally wound material strips
US8728280B2 (en) 2008-12-12 2014-05-20 Albany International Corp. Industrial fabric including spirally wound material strips with reinforcement
US8758569B2 (en) 2008-09-11 2014-06-24 Albany International Corp. Permeable belt for nonwovens production
US8764943B2 (en) 2008-12-12 2014-07-01 Albany International Corp. Industrial fabric including spirally wound material strips with reinforcement
US8822009B2 (en) 2008-09-11 2014-09-02 Albany International Corp. Industrial fabric, and method of making thereof

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2273040A (en) * 1940-09-26 1942-02-17 Du Pont Chemical process and product
US3177113A (en) * 1963-08-27 1965-04-06 Ultra Plating Corp Chromium coated papermaking wire
US3490925A (en) * 1967-03-15 1970-01-20 Diamond Shamrock Corp Water repellent
US3839142A (en) * 1971-09-20 1974-10-01 Wiggins Teape Res Dev Forming non-woven fibrous material
US4138417A (en) * 1975-12-17 1979-02-06 Asahi Glass Company, Ltd. Process for producing perfluorocarboxylic acid
US4759976A (en) * 1987-04-30 1988-07-26 Albany International Corp. Forming fabric structure to resist rewet of the paper sheet
US6017417A (en) * 1994-04-12 2000-01-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of making soft tissue products
US6331230B1 (en) * 1997-10-31 2001-12-18 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method for making soft tissue
US6379753B1 (en) * 1998-03-24 2002-04-30 Nano-Tex, Llc Modified textile and other materials and methods for their preparation

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6398916B1 (en) 1999-12-16 2002-06-04 Valmet Karlstad Ab Simplified through-air drying paper making machine having a twin wire forming section

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2273040A (en) * 1940-09-26 1942-02-17 Du Pont Chemical process and product
US3177113A (en) * 1963-08-27 1965-04-06 Ultra Plating Corp Chromium coated papermaking wire
US3490925A (en) * 1967-03-15 1970-01-20 Diamond Shamrock Corp Water repellent
US3839142A (en) * 1971-09-20 1974-10-01 Wiggins Teape Res Dev Forming non-woven fibrous material
US4138417A (en) * 1975-12-17 1979-02-06 Asahi Glass Company, Ltd. Process for producing perfluorocarboxylic acid
US4759976A (en) * 1987-04-30 1988-07-26 Albany International Corp. Forming fabric structure to resist rewet of the paper sheet
US6017417A (en) * 1994-04-12 2000-01-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of making soft tissue products
US6331230B1 (en) * 1997-10-31 2001-12-18 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method for making soft tissue
US6379753B1 (en) * 1998-03-24 2002-04-30 Nano-Tex, Llc Modified textile and other materials and methods for their preparation

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7500295B2 (en) * 2006-07-05 2009-03-10 American Linc, Llc System, apparatus, and method of reducing production loss having a counterband
US20080005877A1 (en) * 2006-07-05 2008-01-10 Laird Deborah A System, apparatus, and method of reducing production loss having a counterband
US20100133071A1 (en) * 2007-04-27 2010-06-03 Matthias Schmitt Transfer belt
US8688874B2 (en) 2007-05-15 2014-04-01 Chronologic Pty. Ltd. Method and system for reducing triggering latency in universal serial bus data acquisition
US20100057955A1 (en) * 2007-05-15 2010-03-04 Peter Foster Method and system for reducing triggering latency in universal serial bus data acquisition
US9453303B2 (en) 2008-09-11 2016-09-27 Albany International Corp. Permeable belt for the manufacture of tissue, towel and nonwovens
US8758569B2 (en) 2008-09-11 2014-06-24 Albany International Corp. Permeable belt for nonwovens production
US8822009B2 (en) 2008-09-11 2014-09-02 Albany International Corp. Industrial fabric, and method of making thereof
US20100236034A1 (en) * 2008-12-12 2010-09-23 Dana Eagles Industrial fabric including spirally wound material strips
US8764943B2 (en) 2008-12-12 2014-07-01 Albany International Corp. Industrial fabric including spirally wound material strips with reinforcement
US20100230064A1 (en) * 2008-12-12 2010-09-16 Dana Eagles Industrial fabric including spirally wound material strips
US8394239B2 (en) 2008-12-12 2013-03-12 Albany International Corp. Industrial fabric including spirally wound material strips
US8728280B2 (en) 2008-12-12 2014-05-20 Albany International Corp. Industrial fabric including spirally wound material strips with reinforcement
US8388812B2 (en) 2008-12-12 2013-03-05 Albany International Corp. Industrial fabric including spirally wound material strips
US8454800B2 (en) 2009-01-28 2013-06-04 Albany International Corp. Industrial fabric for producing tissue and towel products, and method of making thereof
CN102333917A (en) * 2009-01-28 2012-01-25 阿尔巴尼国际公司 Papermaking fabric for producing tissue and towel products, and method of making thereof
US20100236740A1 (en) * 2009-01-28 2010-09-23 Sabri Mourad Industrial fabric for producing tissue and towel products, and method of making thereof
US8801903B2 (en) 2009-01-28 2014-08-12 Albany International Corp. Industrial fabric for producing tissue and towel products, and method of making thereof
US20100239814A1 (en) * 2009-01-28 2010-09-23 Sabri Mourad Industrial fabric for production of nonwovens, and method of making thereof
WO2010088283A1 (en) * 2009-01-28 2010-08-05 Albany International Corp. Papermaking fabric for producing tissue and towel products, and method of making thereof
US9903070B2 (en) 2009-01-28 2018-02-27 Albany International Corp. Industrial fabric for production of nonwovens, and method of making thereof

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP1808528A1 (en) 2007-07-18

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
EP1660724B1 (en) Clothlike pattern densified web
AU2007330423B2 (en) Process for producing tissue products
CA2505605C (en) Structural printing of absorbent webs
JP3194951B2 (en) An improved method for applying a polysiloxane to tissue paper
EP0895554B1 (en) Facial tissue with reduced moisture penetration
RU2370587C2 (en) Creeping on fabric and fabric drying process for manufacturing adsorbing paper cloth
EP1047835B1 (en) Creping aid and process for producing creped paper
US4795530A (en) Process for making soft, strong cellulosic sheet and products made thereby
EP0768425A2 (en) Prewettable high softness paper product having temporary wet strength
US5160484A (en) Paper saturant
US4208459A (en) Bonded, differentially creped, fibrous webs and method and apparatus for making same
AU739322B2 (en) Paper products and methods for applying chemical additives to cellulosic fibers
US3926716A (en) Transfer and adherence of relatively dry paper web to a rotating cylindrical surface
CN1207106C (en) Spray application of additive composition to sheet materials
KR100495591B1 (en) A Soft, Absorbent Nonwoven Fibrous Web and Wet Wipe, and Method of Making Same
RU2419547C2 (en) Method of regulating surpolus adhesive on drying drum
US6129815A (en) Absorbent towel/wiper with reinforced surface and method for producing same
US6187139B1 (en) Wet creping process
DE69826884T3 (en) A process for the manufacture of elastic webs low density
EP0006390B1 (en) Process of forming a fibrous web by the papermaking technique in order to improve the binding and retention, web obtained by this process and its use as a substitute material for asbestos products and as a printing or writing support
US3798120A (en) Disposable tissue with controlled wet break-up
US6534151B2 (en) Creped wiping product containing binder fibers
AU669790B2 (en) Creping adhesive formulation
US4995944A (en) Controlling deposits on paper machine felts using cationic polymer and cationic surfactant mixture
CA2145554C (en) Soft layered tissues having high wet strength

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: VOITH PAPER GMBH, GERMANY

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:PATEL, SANJAY;CROOK, ROBERT;REEL/FRAME:018811/0944;SIGNING DATES FROM 20070111 TO 20070112