US20070102389A1 - Tamper-evident closure - Google Patents

Tamper-evident closure Download PDF

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Publication number
US20070102389A1
US20070102389A1 US11268917 US26891705A US2007102389A1 US 20070102389 A1 US20070102389 A1 US 20070102389A1 US 11268917 US11268917 US 11268917 US 26891705 A US26891705 A US 26891705A US 2007102389 A1 US2007102389 A1 US 2007102389A1
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US
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
closure
lid
body
container
anchor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US11268917
Inventor
Travis Hoepner
James Hammond
Cori Blomdahl
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Seaquist Closures Foreign Inc
Original Assignee
Seaquist Closures Foreign Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D47/00Closures with filling and discharging, or with discharging, devices
    • B65D47/04Closures with discharging devices other than pumps
    • B65D47/06Closures with discharging devices other than pumps with pouring spouts or tubes; with discharge nozzles or passages
    • B65D47/08Closures with discharging devices other than pumps with pouring spouts or tubes; with discharge nozzles or passages having articulated or hinged closures
    • B65D47/0857Closures with discharging devices other than pumps with pouring spouts or tubes; with discharge nozzles or passages having articulated or hinged closures made separately from the base element provided with the spout or discharge passage
    • B65D47/0876Hinges without elastic bias
    • B65D47/088Hinges without elastic bias located at an edge of the base element
    • B65D47/0885Hinges without elastic bias located at an edge of the base element one part of the hinge being integral with the hinged closure and the other part with the base element, without any other additional hinge element
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D55/00Accessories for container closures not otherwise provided for
    • B65D55/02Locking devices; Means for discouraging or indicating unauthorised opening or removal of closure
    • B65D55/024Closures in which a part has to be ruptured to gain access to the contents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2101/00Tamper-indicating means
    • B65D2101/0023Tearable part of the closure

Abstract

A tamper-evident closure system is provided for a container. The system has a body for extending from the container at the container opening. The body defines a dispensing orifice and an attachment surface. The system includes a lid for being moved between a closed position and an open position. An anchor member is provided for being attached to the body attachment surface when the lid is first closed on the body. At least one frangible web initially connects the anchor member with the lid so that the frangible web breaks when the lid is initially lifted from the closed position.

Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION(S)
  • [0001]
    Not applicable.
  • STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT
  • [0002]
    Not applicable.
  • REFERENCE TO A MICROFICHE APPENDIX
  • [0003]
    Not applicable.
  • TECHNICAL FIELD
  • [0004]
    This invention relates to a tamper-evident closure system for a container. The invention is particularly suitable for incorporation in a dispensing closure for use with a squeezable container.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION AND TECHNICAL PROBLEMS POSED BY THE PRIOR ART
  • [0005]
    There are a variety of types of conventional closures which function generally satisfactorily in applications for which they are designed. One type of prior art closure includes a body or base for being attached to the top of a container. The body defines a dispensing orifice. The system further includes a lid which is mounted on the base or body and which can be lifted up to open the dispensing orifice. See, for example, U.S. Pat. No. 6,644,487.
  • [0006]
    The U.S. Pat. No. 6,644,487 discloses a design which also includes tamper-evident frangible webs for connecting the lid to the body and for initially preventing the lid from being lifted away from the body unless and until a sufficient lifting force is applied to the lid to break the webs, and such breakage serves as a tamper-evident feature. While such a design offers significant advantages, it would be desirable to provide a further improved tamper-evident closure system.
  • [0007]
    In particular, it would be desirable to provide an improved design in which the tamper-evident feature can be optionally more strongly integrated into the closure system and/or can be optionally made even more noticeable to the user (before the tamper-evident feature is broken prior to the lid being initially opened, as well as after the tamper-evident feature has been broken and the lid is re-closed).
  • [0008]
    It would also be advantageous if such an improved tamper-evident closure system could also be adapted for use with a one-piece, unitary closure system as well as with a two-piece, or other multiple-piece, closure system.
  • [0009]
    It would also be beneficial if such an improved tamper-evident closure system could optionally readily accommodate the connection of the lid to the body with a hinge structure, either a hinge structure that is unitary with both the lid and body, or a two-piece hinge structure that is part of a separately formed lid and separately formed body which can be assembled together.
  • [0010]
    It would also be advantageous if such an improved tamper-evident closure system could optionally incorporate the tamper-evident feature in a way which does not hinder access to, or obstruct, the front of the lid where a thumb lift tab might be employed.
  • [0011]
    It would also be desirable to provide a tamper-evident closure system which would not require the use of a freshness seal or liner across the closure or container opening, and that would have a minimum number of components so as to facilitate manufacture and assembly.
  • [0012]
    It would also be advantageous to provide a closure system with the capability for accommodating optional tamper-evident features between the container and closure system body that can readily indicate to a consumer that the closure system has been initially removed from the container.
  • [0013]
    It would also be beneficial if a closure system could readily accommodate its manufacture from at least a thermoplastic material, or other material.
  • [0014]
    It would also be advantageous if such an improved closure system could accommodate bottles, containers, or packages which have a variety of shapes and which are constructed from a variety of materials.
  • [0015]
    Further, it would be desirable if such an improved system could accommodate efficient, high-quality, high-speed, large volume manufacturing techniques with a reduced product reject rate to produce products having consistent operating characteristics unit-to-unit with high reliability.
  • BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0016]
    The present invention can be incorporated into a closure system that may include one or more of the above-discussed, desired features.
  • [0017]
    The present invention provides an improved tamper-evident closure system for a container that has an opening to the container interior. The system can be readily operated by the user to initially open the system.
  • [0018]
    If desired, the improved system can accommodate a tamper-evident feature that is optionally more strongly integrated into the closure and/or is optionally more readily visible so that the condition or status of the feature (i.e., unbroken or broken) can be easily observed.
  • [0019]
    The initial opening operation of the inventive, tamper-evident closure system lid does not produce a separate, loose piece which must be discarded. The tamper-evident closure system can be employed with a one-piece or multi-piece closure body and lid design. Further, the tamper-evident closure system readily accommodates the employment of a thumb lift tab on the lid and also readily accommodates a unitary, or multi-piece, hinge structure between the lid and the body. The system also accommodates the use of other, optional, tamper-evident features between the closure body and the container.
  • [0020]
    According to a first aspect of a presently preferred embodiment of the invention, the tamper-evident feature is more strongly integrated into the closure system by welding. The system includes a body that is either a separate structure for attaching to, and extending from, the container at the container opening or is a unitary extension of the container at the opening.
  • [0021]
    The body has
      • (1) at least one orifice for communicating with the container opening, and
      • (2) a thermoplastic attachment surface.
  • [0024]
    A lid is adapted to be disposed on the body for accommodating lifting of the lid relative to the at least one orifice between (1) a closed position over the at least one orifice, and (2) an open position away from the at least one orifice.
  • [0025]
    An anchor member is provided with a thermoplastic attaching portion for being welded to the body attachment surface when the lid is first in the closed position. In the preferred embodiment, ultrasonic welding is employed.
  • [0026]
    At least one frangible web extends between the lid and the anchor member for initially connecting the anchor member with the lid, and the web is subsequently broken when the lid is first lifted from the closed position.
  • [0027]
    According to a second aspect of the invention, a more visible tamper-evident feature in a closure system is provided for a container that has an opening to the container interior. This second aspect of the invention may be provided in the closure system without the above-described first aspect of the invention, or vice versa. The closure system includes a body that is either a separate structure for attaching to, and extending from, the container at the opening or is a unitary extension of the container at the opening. The body has at least one orifice for communicating with the container opening.
  • [0028]
    A lid is adapted to be disposed in the body for accommodating lifting of the lid relative to the at least one orifice between (1) a closed position over the at least one orifice, and (2) an open position away from the at least one orifice. The lid has a lower edge.
  • [0029]
    An anchor member is non-removably fixed to the body when the lid is first in the closed position to define a vertical gap between the anchor member and the lid lower edge.
  • [0030]
    At least one frangible web extends across the gap between the lid lower edge and the anchor member for initially connecting the anchor member with the lid for subsequently being broken when the lid is first lifted from the closed position. The frangible web is highly visible in the gap.
  • [0031]
    In a most preferred form of the invention, both the above-described first aspect of the invention and the above-described second aspect of the invention are included together in the closure system.
  • [0032]
    According to yet another aspect of the invention, a method is provided for making a tamper-evident closure system for a container that has an opening to the container interior. The method comprises the steps of:
  • [0033]
    (A) molding from thermoplastic material a body that
      • (1) is either a separate structure for attaching to, and extending from, the container at the opening or is a unitary extension of the container at the opening,
      • (2) has at least one orifice for communicating with the container opening, and
      • (3) has a thermoplastic attachment surface;
  • [0037]
    (B) molding from thermoplastic material a top structure comprising (1) a lid, (2) an anchor member that has an attaching portion, and (3) at least one frangible web that extends between, and is unitary with, the lid and the anchor member wherein the lid is adapted to be disposed on the body for accommodating lifting of the lid relative to the at least one orifice between (i) a closed position over the at least one orifice, and (ii) an open position away from the at least one orifice;
  • [0038]
    (C) mounting the top structure on the body with the lid disposed on the body in the closed position and with the anchor member attaching portion located adjacent the body attachment surface; and
  • [0039]
    (D) welding the anchor member attaching portion to the body attachment surface when the lid is first in the closed position to initially connect the anchor member with the lid so that the at least one frangible web can be subsequently broken when the lid is first lifted from the closed position.
  • [0040]
    Numerous other advantages and features of the present invention will become readily apparent from the following detailed description of the invention, from the claims, and from the accompanying drawings.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0041]
    In the accompanying drawings that form part of the specification, and in which like numerals are employed to designate like parts throughout the same,
  • [0042]
    FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an exemplary tamper-evident closure system in the form of a separate dispensing closure according to a preferred embodiment of the invention, and the closure is shown in a closed configuration, before installation on a container, and from a vantage point generally above, or from the top of, the closure;
  • [0043]
    FIG. 2 is a view similar to FIG. 1, but FIG. 2 shows the lid in the open position with the tamper-evident feature having been broken;
  • [0044]
    FIG. 3 is an enlarged, fragmentary, cross-sectional view taken generally along the plane 3-3 in FIG. 1, but FIG. 3 further shows the closure installed on the neck of a container and shows part of the lower tamper-evident band of the closure turned upwardly to engage a flange on the container neck;
  • [0045]
    FIG. 4 is an enlarged, cross-sectional view taken generally along the plane 4-4 in FIG. 1, and FIG. 4 shows the closure prior to the closure being installed on the neck of the container, and FIG. 4 further shows the lower tamper-evident band in the as-molded, downwardly depending configuration prior to being turned up under the flange on the container neck;
  • [0046]
    FIG. 5 is an enlarged, cross-sectional view similar to FIG. 3, but FIG. 5 shows the closure (1) prior to the lid anchor member being welded to the closure body, and (2) prior to the closure being installed on the neck of a container, and FIG. 5 further shows the lower tamper-evident band in the as-molded, downwardly depending configuration prior to being turned up under the flange on the container neck;
  • [0047]
    FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the closure body prior to the lid being initially mounted on the body by the manufacturer and prior to the completed closure being installed on the container;
  • [0048]
    FIG. 7 is a enlarged, cross-sectional view taken generally along the plane 7-7 in FIG. 6, and FIG. 7 shows the closure body prior to being installed on the neck of the container, and FIG. 7 further shows the lower tamper-evident band in the as-molded, downwardly depending configuration prior to being turned up under the flange on the container neck;
  • [0049]
    FIG. 8 is a front perspective view of the closure lid prior to the lid being mounted on the closure body by the manufacturer;
  • [0050]
    FIG. 9 is a rear perspective view of the lid prior to the lid being mounted on the closure body by the manufacturer;
  • [0051]
    FIG. 10 is a top plan view of the closure lid prior to the lid being mounted on the closure body by the manufacturer;
  • [0052]
    FIG. 11 is a bottom view of the lid prior to the lid being mounted on the closure body by the manufacturer;
  • [0053]
    FIG. 12 is a cross-sectional view taken generally along the plane 12-12 in FIG. 10;
  • [0054]
    FIG. 13 is a cross-sectional view taken generally along the plane 13-13 in FIG. 10;
  • [0055]
    FIG. 14 is a front elevation view of the lid taken generally along the plane 14-14 in FIG. 10;
  • [0056]
    FIG. 15 is a greatly enlarged view of the region within the oval designated as FIG. 15 in FIG. 12;
  • [0057]
    FIG. 16 is a greatly enlarged cross-sectional view of the area within the circle designated FIG. 16 in FIG. 13; and
  • [0058]
    FIG. 17 is a view similar to FIG. 15, but FIG. 17 shows the structure after a tamper-evident feature has been broken.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • [0059]
    While this invention is susceptible of embodiment in many different forms, this specification and the accompanying drawings disclose only some specific forms as examples of the invention. The invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments so described, however. The scope of the invention is pointed out in the appended claims.
  • [0060]
    For ease of description, most of the figures illustrating the invention show a closure system in the typical orientation that it would have at the top of a container when the container is stored upright on its base, and terms such as upper, lower, horizontal, etc., are used with reference to this position. It will be understood, however, that the closure system of this invention may be manufactured, stored, transported, used, and sold in an orientation other than the position described.
  • [0061]
    The closure system of this invention is suitable for use with a variety of conventional or special containers having various designs, the details of which, although not illustrated or described, would be apparent to those having skill in the art and an understanding of such containers. The container, per se, described herein forms no part of, and therefore is not intended to limit, the present invention. It will also be understood by those of ordinary skill that novel and non-obvious inventive aspects are embodied in the described exemplary closure systems alone.
  • [0062]
    A presently preferred embodiment of a tamper-evident closure system of the present invention is illustrated in FIG. 17 and is designated generally therein by reference number 20 in FIG. 1. In the preferred embodiment illustrated, the closure system 20 is provided in the form of a separate closure 20 which is adapted to be mounted or installed on a container 22 (FIG. 3) that would typically contain a fluent material. The container 22 includes body 24 and a neck 26 as shown in FIG. 3. The neck 26 defines an opening 28 to the container interior. The container neck 26, in the preferred embodiment illustrated in FIG. 3, has an external, male thread 29 for engaging the closure 20.
  • [0063]
    The body 24 of the container 22 may have any suitable configuration, and the upwardly projecting neck 26 may have a different cross-sectional size and/or shape than the container body 24. (Alternatively, the container 22 need not have a neck 26, per se. Instead, the container 22 may consist of just a body with an opening.) The container 22 may have a rigid wall or walls, or may have a somewhat flexible wall or walls.
  • [0064]
    Although the container, per se, does not necessarily form a part of the broadest aspects of the present invention, per se, it will be appreciated that at least a body portion of the system 20 of the present invention optionally may be provided as a unitary portion, or extension, of the top of the container. However, in the preferred embodiment illustrated, the system 20 is a separate unit (e.g., a closure) which can be either one-piece or multiple pieces, and which is adapted to be removably or non-removably installed on a previously manufactured container 22 that has an opening 28 to the container interior. Hereinafter, the closure system 20 will be more simply referred to as the closure 20.
  • [0065]
    The closure 20 is adapted to be used with a container 22 having an opening 28 to provide access to the container interior and to a product contained therein. The closure 20 can be used with many materials, including, but not limited to, relatively low or high viscosity liquids, creams, gels, suspensions, mixtures, lotions, pastes, particulates, granular materials, small pieces or items, etc. as constituting a food product, a beverage product, a personal care product, an industrial or household cleaning product, or other compositions of matter (e.g., compositions for use in activities involving manufacturing, commercial or household maintenance, construction, agriculture, etc.).
  • [0066]
    The container 22 with which the closure 20 may be used would typically be a squeezable container having a flexible wall or walls which can be grasped by the user and squeezed or compressed to increase the internal pressure within the container so as to force the product out of the container and through the opened closure. Such a flexible container wall typically has sufficient, inherent resiliency so that when the squeezing forces are removed, the container wall returns to its normal, unstressed shape. Such a squeezable wall container is preferred in many applications but may not be necessary or preferred in other applications. For example, in some applications it may be desirable to employ a generally rigid container, and to pressurize the container interior at selected times with a piston or other pressurizing system. Also, the interior of the container need not be pressurized at all. Instead, if the closure is large enough, the product could be accessed by reaching through the open closure with a hand, spoon or straw, or the package could be inverted to let the product discharge through the opened closure solely under the influence of gravity.
  • [0067]
    It is presently contemplated that many applications employing the closure 20 will conveniently be realized by molding some or all of the components of the closure 20 from suitable thermoplastic material or materials. In the preferred embodiment illustrated, the components of the closure could each be molded from a suitable thermoplastic material, such as, but not limited to, polypropylene. The closure components may be separately molded from the same material or from different materials. The materials may have the same or different colors and textures.
  • [0068]
    As can be seen in FIG. 5, the closure system or closure 20 includes, inter alia, two basic components, (1) a base or body 30, and (2) a lid 40 which is adapted to be carried on the body 30. The closure 20 also includes tamper-evident features described in detail hereinafter.
  • [0069]
    The lid 40 is movable between a closed position over the body as shown in FIG. 1 and an open position as shown in FIG. 2. The lid 40 may be a separate component which is completely removable from the closure body 30, or the lid 40 may be tethered to the body 30 with a strap, or the lid 40 may be hinged to the body 30 as shown in FIG. 2 so as to accommodate pivoting movement from the closed position to the open position.
  • [0070]
    As can be seen in FIG. 7, the closure body 30 includes a spout 42 defining a dispensing orifice 44 which opens to the hollow interior of the closure body 30 and which therefore communicates with the opening 28 in the container neck 26 when the closure 20 is mounted on the container 22 as shown in FIG. 4. The interior of the spout 42 contains an apertured baffle structure 45 (FIGS. 3-7) for controlling the flow of the discharging fluid product. The baffle structure 45 may be omitted altogether, or other spout interior structures may be included (e.g., a discharge valve).
  • [0071]
    As shown in FIGS. 6 and 7, at the bottom of the spout 42, the closure body 30 has a peripheral upper deck 46. The peripheral upper deck 46 is defined at its outer edge by a generally vertical wall 48 as can be seen in FIGS. 6 and 7. Surrounding the lower edge of the vertical wall 48 is an intermediate deck 50. The intermediate deck 50 is defined at its outer edge by a generally vertical wall 52. At the bottom edge of the vertical wall 52 is a lower deck 54. The lower deck 54 defines an attachment surface and functions to accommodate a thermoplastic weld attachment of a tamper-evident feature on the lid 40 as described in detail hereinafter.
  • [0072]
    As can be seen in FIGS. 6 and 7, the rear of the closure body 30 includes a bearing member comprising two, spaced-apart walls 80 which together define between them an upwardly open channel 82. As shown in FIG. 7, the upper, distal end portion of each wall 80 extends toward the other wall 80 over the channel 82 to define a reduced width passage 84 to the channel 82. The bottom of the channel 82 includes a narrower recess or groove 86.
  • [0073]
    As can be seen in FIGS. 6 and 7, the closure body 30 has an annular skirt 90 extending downwardly form the upper portion of the closure body 30. The interior surface of the skirt 90 defines a female thread 92. As illustrated in FIG. 5, the closure body skirt thread 92 is adapted to threadingly engage the exterior, male thread 29 on the container neck 26.
  • [0074]
    Alternatively, the closure skirt 90 could be provided with some other container connecting means, such as a snap-fit bead or groove (not illustrated) in place of the thread 92 for engaging a container neck groove or bead (not illustrated), respectively. The closure body 30 could also be permanently attached to the container 22 by means of induction melting, ultrasonic melting, gluing, or the like, depending on materials used for the closure body 30 and container 22. The closure body 30 could also be formed as a unitary part, or extension, of the container 22.
  • [0075]
    The closure body skirt 90 may have any suitable configuration for accommodating an upwardly projecting neck 26 or other portion of the container 22 received within the particular configuration of the closure body 30, and the main part of the container 22 may have a different cross-sectional shape than the container neck 26 and closure body 30.
  • [0076]
    An optional seal or liner (not illustrated) may be sealed across the top of the container neck 26 or, alternatively, may be sealed across an interior region or underside of the upper portion of the closure body 30. However, if the function of a tamper-evident seal or freshness seal as provided by such a liner is not needed or desired in a particular application, then the liner may, of course, be omitted.
  • [0077]
    Also, if desired, the closure body 30 may be provided with an interior, annular seal 96 (FIGS. 6 and 7) extending downwardly from the underside of the upper portion of the closure body 30. Such a seal 96 could be “plug” profile seal, as illustrated, or a “crab's claw” seal, a flat seal, a V seal, or some other such seal, depending upon the particular application and depending upon whether or not a liner is employed.
  • [0078]
    In the preferred form of the invention illustrated, the closure body skirt 90 has a generally annular configuration. However, the closure body skirt 90 may have other configurations. For example, the closure body skirt 90 might have a prism or polygon configuration adapted to be mounted to the top of a container neck having a polygon configuration. Such prism or polygon configurations would not accommodate the use of a threaded attachment, but other means of attachment could be provided, such as a snap-fit bead and groove arrangement, or the like. However, if the closure body included a double wall defining a polygon outer skirt and a cylindrical inner attachment wall, then the cylindrical inner attachment wall could be provided with a thread for engagement with a threaded container.
  • [0079]
    In one preferred form of the invention as shown in FIG. 5, the closure body 30 incorporates a conventional or special tamper-evident ring 100 along the bottom edge of the closure body skirt 90 for cooperation with a container 22 that has a retention flange 104 (FIG. 3) below the container neck thread 26. As shown in FIG. 5, the tamper-evident ring 100 is initially molded as a downwardly extending, unitary flange on the bottom of the closure body skirt 90. Prior to the installation of the closure body 30 on a container, such as on the container 22 illustrated in FIG. 3, the lower half of the tamper-evident ring 100 is deformed or bent radially inwardly and upwardly. Then, the closure body 30 is lowered onto the container neck 26 and threadingly rotated relative to the container neck 26. The upwardly bent tamper-evident ring 100 passes over the container neck thread 29 and over the container neck retention flange 104. The upwardly bent portion of the tamper-evident ring 100 snaps inwardly below the container neck retention flange 104 as shown in FIG. 3. This resists removal of the closure body 30 if a user attempts to rotate the closure body 30 in an unscrewing direction. However, the tamper-evident band or ring 100, in the preferred form, is connected to the bottom end of the closure body skirt 90 by a very thin portion or portions of material (which may have, for example, circumferentially spaced-apart notches or a scored groove or a molded groove (not shown)). If the user attempts to unscrew the closure body 30 with a sufficient amount of torque, then the interconnecting, thin portion of material will break, and the tamper-evident band 100 will separate from the bottom of the closure body skirt 90. This will serve as an indication that the closure body 30 has been unscrewed, at least partially, from the fully assembled configuration.
  • [0080]
    The use of a tamper-evident ring or band 100 is an entirely optional feature of the illustrated embodiment, and it does not form a necessary part of the present invention. Indeed, if the closure body 30 is non-releasably attached to the container neck 26 (as with adhesive, thermal bonding, irreversible snap-fit configurations, etc.), then the tamper-evident ring 100 would provide no additional benefit. Similarly, a tamper-evident ring 100 would provide no additional benefit if the closure body 30 is formed as a unitary molded extension of the container neck 26.
  • [0081]
    As shown in FIGS. 8 and 9, the lid 40 includes a top wall 122 and a skirt 124. The front of the lid 40 has an indentation or recess 126 in the skirt 124. A thumb lift tab 128 projects outwardly from the top portion of the lid 40 over the recess 126. As can be seen in FIG. 9, the skirt 124 has a flat wall section 125 at the rear of the lid 40. Projecting outwardly from the flat wall section 125 is a pair of rearwardly extending lugs 130. A shaft 132 extends between, and connects, the lugs 130 at a location where the shaft 132 is spaced from the lid skirt flat wall section 125. The shaft 132 has a centrally located, outwardly projecting ridge or bead 133.
  • [0082]
    With reference to FIG. 4, the lid shaft 132 is received within the upwardly open channel 82 defined at the rear of the closure body 30. The shaft 132 has a width dimension or diameter that is greater than the opening 84 between the upper, distal ends of the walls 80 which define the sides of the channel 82. This provides a snap-fit engagement and retains the lid shaft 132 on a fixed axis relative to the closure body 30 so as to accommodate pivoting movement of the lid 40 relative to the closure body 30 between the full closed position (FIG. 1) and the full open position (FIG. 2). The shaft ridge or bead 133 (FIG. 4) is received in the groove 86 (FIGS. 4 and 6) at the bottom of the channel 82 when the lid 40 is fully opened (FIG. 2) to provide a detent engagement that increases the resistance to rotation of the lid 40 away from the open position. This helps keep the lid 40 open at about 80°, and helps prevent the open lid 40 from flopping around.
  • [0083]
    As can be seen in FIG. 12, the lid 40 optionally may include, and preferably includes, a plug or spud 140 projecting downwardly from the underside of the lid top wall 122. An annular sealing member 142 projects from the underside of the lid 40 around the spud 140. The member 142 has a radially inwardly projecting sealing bead 144. As shown in FIG. 4, the spud 140 is adapted to be received within the dispensing orifice 44 of the spout 42. In the preferred embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 4, the dispensing orifice 44 is a substantially cylindrical orifice, and the exterior of the lid plug or spud 140 has a generally cylindrical surface. The diameter of the exterior surface of the lid spud 140 is slightly greater than the internal diameter of the body dispensing orifice 44. This provides an interference fit to effect good sealing engagement. Either the spud 140 or the spout 42, or both, have sufficient flexibility to accommodate such an interference fit providing leak-tight sealing capability. The lid sealing member 142 and its bead 144 are optional features that may be included so that the bead can sealingly engage the upper, exterior surface of the spout 42. The spud 140 is also an optional feature. The closure 20 could alternatively be provided with just the spud 140 alone, or the lid member 142 alone, or both the spud 140 and lid member 142 (as in the illustrated, preferred embodiment).
  • [0084]
    According to the present invention, a unique tamper-evident feature is provided for indicating that the lid 40 has been initially moved away from the fully closed configuration (FIG. 1) toward the fully opened position (FIG. 2). The tamper-evident feature involves cooperation between the lid 40 and closure body 30. As shown in FIGS. 1, 3, 7, and 9, the tamper-evident feature includes at least one anchor member 152 which is initially connected to the lid 40 with one or more frangible members or webs 160. The combination of the lid 40, webs 160, and anchor members 152 may be characterized as a top structure for being initially mounted on, and attached to, the closure body 30.
  • [0085]
    In the preferred embodiment, there are two anchor members 152--one provided on each side of the lid 40 along the bottom edge of the lid 40, but spaced a distance Y (FIGS. 14-16) below the lid skirt bottom edge. In the preferred embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 8 and 9, there are a plurality of frangible webs 160 in the form of spaced-apart bridges extending between each anchor member 152 and the lid skirt 124.
  • [0086]
    In the illustrated preferred embodiment, each anchor member 152 includes a generally vertically inner surface 153 (FIGS. 12,.13, 15, 16, and 17) that faces radially inwardly and that is connected to the lower portion of each frangible web 160. The webs 160 are initially molded simultaneously with, and as part of the unitary top structure that includes, the lid 40 and anchor members 152. Each anchor member 152 is a generally arcuate bar. In other contemplated embodiments (not illustrated), each anchor member need not be an arcuate bar. Each anchor member 152 includes an attaching portion 162 (FIGS. 13, 14, and 16) which, in the illustrated preferred embodiment, is defined by the underside or bottom surface of the member 152. Preferably, the attaching portion 162 is initially molded as the bottom surface of the anchor member 152 and also includes a downwardly projecting protrusion or protuberance 164 that has a triangular transverse cross section for facilitating the thermoplastic welding attachment of the anchor member 152 to the closure body attachment surface 54 as described in detail hereinafter.
  • [0087]
    In the presently contemplated preferred form of the invention, the manufacturer can readily mold the lid 40, webs 160, and anchor members 152 (with the protuberances 164) together as a single, unitary component (i.e., the top structure), and the manufacturer can separately mold the closure body 30 as another, separate component. The top structure and body 30 may be molded from the same thermoplastic material or from different thermoplastic materials. The lid 40, webs 160, anchor members 152, and body 30 may have the same color and texture or may have different colors and/or textures.
  • [0088]
    After separately molding the closure body 30 and the top structure (i.e., the lid 40, webs 160, and anchor members 152 with protuberances 164), the two components are assembled by mounting the lid 40 on the closure body 30 so that the lid hinge shaft 132 is received in a snap-fit engagement within the closure body receiving channel 82. The lid 40 is initially closed on the closure body 30 as shown in FIG. 5. In the initially closed position of the lid 40, each anchor member 152 is disposed above the closure body lower deck 54 which defines the upwardly facing attachment surface. The lower, pointed edge of the anchor member attaching portion protuberance 164 rests on the closure body attachment surface (i.e., the upwardly facing surface of the closure body lower deck 54). The closure manufacturer can then weld the anchor members 152 to the deck 54.
  • [0089]
    A presently preferred method for welding the anchor members 152 to the closure body lower deck 54 employs thermoplastic welding, and preferably thermoplastic welding as effected with ultrasonic energy. The triangular cross section protuberance 164 on the attachment portion 162 at the bottom of each anchor member 152 functions as an energy director for the ultrasonic energy. The ultrasonic energy can be applied with commercial ultrasonic welding equipment which may be of any suitable conventional or special design. Such ultrasonic welding equipment typically includes a suitable horn or engaging member for engaging the outwardly facing, exterior portions of the anchor members 152 and for applying a force against the anchor members 152 in a direction tending to urge the anchor members 152 downwardly toward the closure body lower deck attachment surface 54 at the same time that the ultrasonic equipment transfers ultrasonic energy into and through the anchor members 152. The equipment operating energy, time, force, etc. depend, of course, on the size and mass of the closure top structure components that are to be welded as well as upon the type of thermoplastic material. The detailed design and operation of such ultrasonic welding equipment forms no part of the present invention.
  • [0090]
    In one presently preferred embodiment, the ultrasonic welding of the anchor members 152 to the closure body lower deck 54 is facilitated by providing the deck 54 with a textured surface. One such suitable textured surface can be provided by conventional etching of the relevant region of the mold steel through a conventional texture mask or plaque. In a preferred embodiment of the closure molded from polypropylene, the surface of the mold at the attachment surface 54 is AISI (American Iron and Steel Institute) type 420 stainless steel with a hardness of 54-64 Rockwell c that has been (1) ferric chloride acid attached to a depth of 0.052 mm. through a plaque or mask designated MT 11050 as sold by Mold Tech (having an office at 279 East Lies Road, Carol Stream, Ill. 60188, U.S.A.), and (2) bead blasted to remove ash residue.
  • [0091]
    During the welding of the anchor members 152 to the closure body deck 54, the energy director protuberances 164 (which may have a projection of about 0.55 mm. in a presently preferred embodiment) become softened and/or melted along with adjacent portions of the closure body deck 54. The softened or melted protuberances 164 and the softened or melted portions of the closure body deck 54, along with any softened or melted portions of the anchor member 152 adjacent the protuberances 164) fuse and re-solidify after termination of the application of the ultrasonic energy and force. This effects a welding of the thermoplastic material (as schematically designated by reference number 168 in FIG. 3).
  • [0092]
    In the preferred embodiment, the energy deflector protuberances 164 project downwardly about 0.55 mm. After being ultrasonically welded, the melted and fused protuberances 164 loose substantially all of their original height and shape so that the 0.55 mm. gap initially defined by the protuberances 164 is substantially eliminated and reduced to approximately 0 mm.
  • [0093]
    The assembled, closed, and welded closure 20 may then be shipped to an entity that fills bottles or other containers with a fluent product and then installs the closures 20 on the filled containers.
  • [0094]
    With reference to FIGS. 15-16, it can be seen that the frangible webs 160 extend downwardly for a distance Y below the bottom edge of the closure lid skirt 124 where the webs 160 adjoin the inner top edge of the anchor member 152. The frangible web 160 spans the gap Y between the top of the anchor member 152 and the bottom edge of the closure lid skirt 124.
  • [0095]
    As best seen in FIG. 16, the radially inwardly facing vertical side 153 of each anchor member 152 includes a vertical rib 170 which is a molded, unitary extension or part of the anchor member 152 and which, in effect, merges with, and forms an extension from, the frangible web 160. As can be seen in FIG. 14, the bottom portion of the closure lid skirt 124 has an external rib 174 which is molded unitary with, and extends from, the exterior surface of the closure lid skirt 124 so as to merge with the upper end of the frangible web 160. As can be seen in FIG. 16, within the vertical gap or space Y, the web 160 includes an enlarged or wider portion 178 and a reduced width, or narrower, portion 180. In a presently preferred embodiment of a polypropylene closure, the reduced width portion 180 has a width of about 0.69 mm., a height above the member 152 of about 0.25 mm., and a thickness of about 0.25 mm.
  • [0096]
    When the user wishes to open the closure, the user applies a generally upwardly directed force to the closure lid thumb lift 128 (FIGS. 1 and 14). The application of a sufficiently large force will case the frangible webs 160 to break or rupture as illustrated in FIG. 17. The frangible webs 160 break in the reduced width region 180. Typically, the reduced width portion 180 of the frangible web 160 will have some slight reduction in width (from W1 to W2 in FIG. 17) as the tensile stress along the length or height of the frangible web 160 causes some elongation prior to rupture.
  • [0097]
    As shown in FIG. 17, when the frangible webs 160 rupture, a short length L, of the reduced width section 180 typically will remain with the wider portion 178 on the lid skirt 124, and a short length L2 of the reduced width portion 180 typically will remain with the anchor member 152. In a presently preferred embodiment, after a frangible web 160 breaks, the height L2 of the portion of the broken web projecting upwardly from the anchor member 152 is about 0.2 mm., or less. Thus, the projection L2 of the reduced width frangible web portion 180 on the anchor member 152 is relatively small. If the opened closure is used to dispense a fluid for drinking, the user may place the user's lips around the closure body spout 42 (FIG. 2) and against the surrounding deck portions of the closure body 30 without sensing any objectionable roughness from the broken frangible portions 180 on the closure body 30 because such portions are so small and short.
  • [0098]
    Before the lid 40 is lifted for the first time to break the frangible webs 160, the frangible webs 160 provide an indication that the lid 40 has not yet been opened. The user can readily see that the frangible web 160 are not ruptured because the frangible webs 160 span a relatively large gap having the height Y as shown in FIGS. 14-16. The gap Y between the bottom edge of the lid skirt 124 and the top of the anchor member 152 provides a good background, field of view, or visual environment in which to readily ascertain that the frangible webs 160 are not broken (or are broken).
  • [0099]
    Further, the tamper-evident feature of the closure 20 can be enhanced by molding the lid 40, frangible webs 160, and anchor members 152 from a suitable thermoplastic material that changes color after being subjected to a sufficient level of stress. In a preferred embodiment, polypropylene is used for molding the components, and during subsequent rupture of the frangible webs 160, the frangible webs 160 are subjected to sufficient stress to cause “stress whitening” in the region of the break. Thus, if the polypropylene that is used to mold the lid 40, frangible webs 160, and anchor members 152 is tinted or colored so that it initially has a non-white hue, then there will be a lightening or whitening of the color of the material at, and adjacent, the broken surfaces of the frangible webs. This will further aid the user in ascertaining that the webs 160 have been broken.
  • [0100]
    According to one aspect of the invention, the use of the relatively long frangible webs 160 to span the gap Y provides an enhanced tamper-evident feature regardless of how each anchor member 152 is affixed or connected to the underlying closure body deck 54. Thus, it is not necessary, according to an optional form of the invention, to secure the anchor members 152 to the closure body deck 54 with a thermoplastic weld. Instead, other connection means could be employed, such as, for example, a mechanical interference fit, staking, gluing, etc. If the anchor members 152 are attached to the closure body deck 54 by means other than welding, then the closure components may be made from materials other than weldable thermoplastic materials.
  • [0101]
    If desired, the frangible webs 160 could be configured to have orientations other than the generally vertical orientation illustrated in FIG. 16. For example, the radially inner sides 153 of the anchor members 152 could be located further radially outwardly (e.g., beyond the circumference of the closure lid 40), and the frangible webs 160 could be inclined or angled radially outwardly at a substantial angle. Further, with reference to FIG. 15, each frangible web 160 could be angled to the left or to the right instead of being located generally vertical as shown in FIG. 15.
  • [0102]
    In yet another contemplated embodiment, the frangible webs 160 could be bi-injection-molded onto the lid 40 and anchor members 152 after the lid 40 and anchor members 152 are initially molded. That would permit the webs 160 to be molded from a different material having a different color and/or texture. This would make the frangible webs 160 even more visible to the user.
  • [0103]
    The structure of the tamper-evident webs 160, in relation to the closure lid 40 and anchor members 152, accommodates ease of molding of the lid 40, webs 160, and anchor members 152, and such molding does not require side action molding components or lifters. Further, the closure 20 functions well with various types of hinge structures, or with no hinge. Additionally, no separate shrink band is required to provide the tamper-evident function that is performed by the frangible webs 160. Opening the lid 40 of the closure 20 does not require the user to break and remove a separate, discardable piece (e.g., shrink band). The tamper-evident function provided by the frangible webs 160 eliminates the need to provide other types of tamper-evident features that may be more expensive or more difficult to use.
  • [0104]
    Furthermore, the tamper-evident structure provided by the frangible webs 160 (in conjunction with the anchor members 152 and the securement of the anchor members 152 to the closure body 30) accommodates the design of a closure which has high retention strength and which is very secure—especially when the design employs a weld of the anchor members 152 to the closure body 30.
  • [0105]
    The closure 20 need not be made in two or more separate parts. For example, if desired, the entire closure 20 could be molded as a single, unitary structure with an integral hinge system such as a snap-action hinge, tether hinge, or the like. The detailed design of such a hinge system forms no part of the present invention. Indeed, the present invention contemplates that the lid 40 and closure body 30 could be provided as separate components without any hinge structure so that the lid would not remain attached to the closure body after the assembly is opened.
  • [0106]
    When the closure 20 is in the full open condition as shown in FIG. 2, the user can tip or invert the package to facilitate the dispensing of fluent product under the influence of gravity. If the container 22 has a flexible wall or walls, the container 22 can be squeezed to further assist in dispensing the product. After the desired amount of product has been dispensed, the package can be turned back to its upright orientation, and the user can close the lid 40. If the package is designed for “inverted” storage (such as if the closure includes a flexible, pressure-actuatable, self-sealing dispensing valve), the package may be left inverted at all times.
  • [0107]
    It will also be appreciated that the closure system of the present invention need not be provided as a separate closure for a container. The closure body 30 could instead be molded as a unitary part of the container 22. A container could be molded to have (1) an initially open bottom end, (2) a peripheral wall forming an upper end that defines a container top end opening, and (3) a unitary closure body portion extending radially inwardly from the container peripheral wall over the container top end opening so as to form a unitary part of the container top end and so as to define a unitary, top end closure body, including the spout 42 (and optionally including a hinge and lid, if the body, hinge, and lid are to be part of a single, unitary structure). Then, the container could be filled with product through the open bottom end, and the open bottom end could be subsequently sealed closed by appropriate means, such as with thermally assisted deformation or with a separate bottom closure plug or bottom cap.
  • [0108]
    It will also be appreciated that the closure system of the present invention may include other components, elements, or features. For example, the closure body 30 (FIG. 3) could include an internal valve system. The valve could be, for example, a pressure-actuated, flexible, resilient slit valve. Such a valve has the configuration and operating characteristics of a commercially available valve design substantially as disclosed in the U.S. Pat. No. 5,676,289 with reference to the valve 46 disclosed in the U.S. Pat. No. 5,676,289. The operation of such a type of valve is further described with reference to the similar valve that is designated by reference number 3d in the U.S. Pat. No. 5,409,144. The descriptions of those patents are incorporated herein by reference thereto to the extent pertinent and to the extent not inconsistent herewith. The embodiment of the present invention shown in FIG. 7 herein could accommodate such a valve within the closure body spout 42 under the dispensing orifice 44 and within, or in place of, the baffle structure 45. Such a valve could be held in place with a suitable retainer ring in snap-fit engagement with the closure body. Alternatively, such a valve could be secured with other means, such as bi-injection molding, insert molding, adhesive securement, crimping, swagging, or the like.
  • [0109]
    It will be readily apparent from the foregoing detailed description of the invention and from the illustrations thereof that numerous variations and modifications may be effected without departing from the true spirit and scope of the novel concepts or principles of this invention.

Claims (19)

  1. 1. A tamper-evident closure system for a container that has an opening to the container interior, said closure system comprising:
    a body that is either a separate structure for attaching to, and extending from, said container at said opening or is a unitary extension of said container at said opening, said body having
    (1) at least one orifice for communicating with said container opening, and
    (2) a thermoplastic attachment surface;
    a lid adapted to be disposed on said body for accommodating lifting of said lid relative to said at least one orifice between (1) a closed position over said at least one orifice, and (2) an open position away from said at least one orifice;
    an anchor member having a thermoplastic attaching portion for being welded to said body attachment surface when said lid is first in said closed position; and
    at least one frangible web extending between said lid and said anchor member for initially connecting said anchor member with said lid for subsequently being broken when said lid is first lifted from said closed position.
  2. 2. The closure system in accordance with claim 1 further including a welded connection between said attachment surface of said body and said attaching portion of said anchor member.
  3. 3. The closure system in accordance with claim 1 in which there are two anchor members each having an attachment portion that includes an energy director having a triangular cross section for facilitating ultrasonic welding of the anchor member to said body attachment surface.
  4. 4. The closure system in accordance with claim 1 in which
    a portion of said lid has a skirt with a generally cylindrical exterior surface; and
    each of said frangible webs has an upper portion molded as a unitary extension from said exterior surface of said lid skirt.
  5. 5. The closure system in accordance with claim 1 in which each said frangible web has an upper wide portion and a lower narrow portion.
  6. 6. The closure system in accordance with claim 1 in which
    a portion of each said anchor member defines a radially inwardly facing surface;
    each said frangible web has a lower portion molded as a unitary extension from said anchor member inwardly facing surface.
  7. 7. The closure system in accordance with claim 1 in which
    said closure system is a closure for an end of said container wherein the container end defines said container opening; and
    said closure includes said body, said lid, said anchor member, and said at least one frangible member.
  8. 8. The closure system in accordance with claim 7 in which
    said closure is an article that is separate from said container; and
    said body is attachable to said container end over said container opening.
  9. 9. The closure system in accordance with claim 1 in which said lid, said anchor member, and said at least one frangible member are molded together from a thermoplastic material to form a unitary structure that is initially separate from said closure body.
  10. 10. A tamper-evident closure system for a container that has an opening to the container interior, said closure system comprising:
    a body that is either a separate structure for attaching to, and extending from, said container at said opening or is a unitary extension of said container at said opening, said body having at least one orifice for communicating with said container opening, and a
    a lid adapted to be disposed on said body for accommodating lifting of said lid relative to said at least one orifice between (1) a closed position over said at least one orifice, and (2) an open position away from said at least one orifice, said lid having a lower edge;
    an anchor member non-removably fixed to said body when said lid is first in said closed position to define a vertical gap between said anchor member and said lid lower edge; and
    at least one frangible web extending across said gap between said lid lower edge and said anchor member for initially connecting said anchor member with said lid for subsequently being broken when said lid is first lifted from said closed position.
  11. 11. The closure system in accordance with claim 10 in which
    a portion of said lid has a skirt with a generally cylindrical exterior surface; and
    each said frangible web has an upper portion molded as a unitary extension from said exterior surface of said lid skirt.
  12. 12. The closure system in accordance with claim 10 in which
    each said frangible web has an upper wide portion and a lower narrow portion; and
    the height of said vertical gap between said anchor member and said lid lower edge is greater than the width of said frangible web upper wide portion.
  13. 13. The closure system in accordance with claim 10 in which
    a portion of each said anchor member defines a radially inwardly facing surface; and
    each said frangible web has a lower portion molded as a unitary extension from said anchor member inwardly facing surface.
  14. 14. The closure system in accordance with claim 10 in which
    said closure system is a closure for an end of said container wherein the container end defines said container opening; and
    said closure includes said body, said lid, said anchor member, and said at least one frangible member.
  15. 15. The closure system in accordance with claim 14 in which
    said closure is an article that is separate from said container; and
    said body is attachable to said container end over said container opening.
  16. 16. The closure system in accordance with claim 10 in which said lid, said anchor member, and said at least one frangible member are molded together from a thermoplastic material to form a unitary structure that is initially separate from said closure body.
  17. 17. A method for making a tamper-evident closure system for a container that has an opening to the container interior, said method comprising the steps of:
    (A) molding from thermoplastic material a body that
    (1) is either a separate structure for attaching to, and extending from, said container at said opening or is a unitary extension of said container at said opening,
    (2) has at least one orifice for communicating with said container opening, and
    (3) has a thermoplastic attachment surface;
    (B) molding from thermoplastic material a top structure comprising (1) a lid, (2) an anchor member that has an attaching portion, and (3) at least one frangible web that extends between, and is unitary with, said lid and said anchor member wherein said lid is adapted to be disposed on said body for accommodating lifting of said lid relative to said at least one orifice between (i) a closed position over said at least one orifice, and (ii) an open position away from said at least one orifice;
    (C) mounting said top structure on said body with said lid disposed on said body in said closed position and with said anchor member attaching portion located adjacent said body thermoplastic attachment surface; and
    (D) welding said anchor member attaching portion to said body thermoplastic attachment surface when said lid is first in said closed position to initially connect said anchor member with said lid so that said at least one frangible web can be subsequently broken when said lid is first lifted from said closed position.
  18. 18. The method in accordance with claim 17 in which
    step (B) includes molding said top structure to have said anchor member that has an attaching portion that includes an energy director having a triangular cross section for facilitating ultrasonic welding of the anchor member to said body attachment surface; and
    step (D) includes utrasonically welding said anchor member to said body attachment surface.
  19. 19. The method in accordance with claim 17 in which
    step (B) includes molding a portion of said lid to have a skirt with a generally cylindrical exterior surface and a lower edge;
    step (B) includes molding said anchor member to have an inwardly facing surface; and
    step (B) includes molding each of said frangible webs to (1) have an upper portion molded as a unitary extension from said exterior surface of said lid skirt, (2) have a narrower lower portion molded as a unitary extension from said anchor member inwardly facing surface, and (3) have a length sufficient to create a vertical gap between said anchor member and said skirt lower edge wherein the height of said gap is greater than the width of said web upper portion.
US11268917 2005-11-08 2005-11-08 Tamper-evident closure Abandoned US20070102389A1 (en)

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US20100065525A1 (en) * 2008-09-16 2010-03-18 Murray Waters, Inc. Drinking bottle assembly
WO2010055516A1 (en) * 2008-11-14 2010-05-20 L.C.S. Tech Ltd System and method for configurationally heat soldering plastic bags
JP2012176786A (en) * 2011-02-28 2012-09-13 Tenryu Kagaku Kogyo Kk Synthetic resin-made lid device
WO2012154887A1 (en) * 2011-05-10 2012-11-15 The Clorox Company A closure
JP2016008081A (en) * 2014-06-26 2016-01-18 日本クロージャー株式会社 Integrally molded-type one-touch opening composite cap
US20160081391A1 (en) * 2013-12-20 2016-03-24 Retro Brands, Llc E-liquid dispenser
US20160167846A1 (en) * 2013-12-20 2016-06-16 Retro Brands, Llc E-liquid dispenser
USD768490S1 (en) * 2014-06-17 2016-10-11 Colgate-Palmolive Company Closure
USD770091S1 (en) 2013-12-20 2016-10-25 Retro Brands, Llc E-liquid dispenser and bottle combination
US9550610B2 (en) 2009-05-26 2017-01-24 The Glad Products Company Draw tape bag
US9604760B2 (en) 2008-08-25 2017-03-28 The Glad Products Company Bag
US9630753B2 (en) 2011-05-10 2017-04-25 The Clorox Company Closure

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US9624004B2 (en) 2008-08-25 2017-04-18 The Glad Products Company Bag
US9604760B2 (en) 2008-08-25 2017-03-28 The Glad Products Company Bag
US8061542B2 (en) * 2008-09-16 2011-11-22 Murray Waters, Inc. Drinking bottle assembly
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WO2010055516A1 (en) * 2008-11-14 2010-05-20 L.C.S. Tech Ltd System and method for configurationally heat soldering plastic bags
US9550610B2 (en) 2009-05-26 2017-01-24 The Glad Products Company Draw tape bag
JP2012176786A (en) * 2011-02-28 2012-09-13 Tenryu Kagaku Kogyo Kk Synthetic resin-made lid device
US9630753B2 (en) 2011-05-10 2017-04-25 The Clorox Company Closure
WO2012154887A1 (en) * 2011-05-10 2012-11-15 The Clorox Company A closure
USD770091S1 (en) 2013-12-20 2016-10-25 Retro Brands, Llc E-liquid dispenser and bottle combination
USD769721S1 (en) 2013-12-20 2016-10-25 Retro Brands, Llc E-liquid bottle
USD770090S1 (en) 2013-12-20 2016-10-25 Retro Brands, Llc E-liquid dispenser and bottle combination
USD770089S1 (en) 2013-12-20 2016-10-25 Retro Brands, Llc E-liquid dispenser case
US9745107B2 (en) * 2013-12-20 2017-08-29 Retro Brands, Llc E-liquid dispenser
US20160167846A1 (en) * 2013-12-20 2016-06-16 Retro Brands, Llc E-liquid dispenser
US20160081391A1 (en) * 2013-12-20 2016-03-24 Retro Brands, Llc E-liquid dispenser
USD768490S1 (en) * 2014-06-17 2016-10-11 Colgate-Palmolive Company Closure
JP2016008081A (en) * 2014-06-26 2016-01-18 日本クロージャー株式会社 Integrally molded-type one-touch opening composite cap

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