US20070017671A1 - Wellbore telemetry system and method - Google Patents

Wellbore telemetry system and method Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20070017671A1
US20070017671A1 US11382598 US38259806A US2007017671A1 US 20070017671 A1 US20070017671 A1 US 20070017671A1 US 11382598 US11382598 US 11382598 US 38259806 A US38259806 A US 38259806A US 2007017671 A1 US2007017671 A1 US 2007017671A1
Authority
US
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
wellbore
telemetry
system
downhole tool
downhole
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US11382598
Inventor
Brian Clark
Lucian Johnston
Remi Hutin
Nicolas Pacault
Pablo Codesal
Steve Gomez
Randall Leblanc
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Schlumberger Technology Corp
Original Assignee
Schlumberger Technology Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B47/00Survey of boreholes or wells
    • E21B47/12Means for transmitting measuring-signals or control signals from the well to the surface or from the surface to the well, e.g. for logging while drilling
    • E21B47/14Means for transmitting measuring-signals or control signals from the well to the surface or from the surface to the well, e.g. for logging while drilling using acoustic waves
    • E21B47/18Means for transmitting measuring-signals or control signals from the well to the surface or from the surface to the well, e.g. for logging while drilling using acoustic waves through the well fluid, e.g. mud pressure pulse telemetry
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B47/00Survey of boreholes or wells
    • E21B47/12Means for transmitting measuring-signals or control signals from the well to the surface or from the surface to the well, e.g. for logging while drilling
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B47/00Survey of boreholes or wells
    • E21B47/12Means for transmitting measuring-signals or control signals from the well to the surface or from the surface to the well, e.g. for logging while drilling
    • E21B47/122Means for transmitting measuring-signals or control signals from the well to the surface or from the surface to the well, e.g. for logging while drilling by electromagnetic energy, e.g. radio frequency

Abstract

Wellbore communication systems and methods for a wellsite having a downhole tool deployed from a rig into a wellbore penetrating a subterranean formation are disclosed. One example communication system includes a first mud pulse telemetry device positioned in a downhole tool and at least one additional non-mud pulse telemetry device positioned in the downhole tool. The example system also includes at least one of a pressure transducer or a pressure sensor adapted to detect a modulated pressure provided by at least one of the telemetry devices.

Description

    CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • This application claims priority to U.S. Provisional Application Ser. No. 60/697,073, filed on Jul. 5, 2005 and entitled “WELLBORE TELEMETRY SYSTEM AND METHOD.”
  • FIELD OF THE DISCLOSURE
  • The present disclosure relates to telemetry systems and methods for use in wellbore operations. More particularly, the present disclosure relates to wellbore telemetry systems and methods for conveying signals between a surface unit and a downhole tool.
  • BACKGROUND
  • Wellbores may be drilled to locate and produce hydrocarbons. Typically, a wellbore is formed by advancing a downhole drilling tool having a drill bit at one end into the ground. As the drilling tool is advanced, drilling fluid (“mud”) is pumped from a surface mud pit through a passage or passages in the drilling tool and out the drill bit. The mud exiting the drill bit flows back to the surface to be returned to the mud pit and may be re-circulated through the drilling tool. In this manner, the drilling mud cools the drilling tool, carries cuttings and other debris away from the drilling tool, and deposits the cuttings and other debris in the mud pit. As is known, in addition to the cooling and cleaning operations performed by the mud pumped into the wellbore, the mud forms a mudcake that lines the wellbore which, among other functions, reduces friction between the drill string and subterranean formations.
  • During drilling operations (i.e., advancement of the downhole drilling tool), communications between the downhole drilling tool and a surface-based processing unit and/or other surface devices may be performed using a telemetry system. In general, such telemetry systems enable the conveyance of power, data, commands, and/or any other signals or information between the downhole drilling tools/bottom hole assemble (BHA) and the surface devices. Thus, the telemetry systems enable, for example, data related to the conditions of the wellbore and/or the downhole drilling tool to be conveyed to the surface devices for further processing, display, etc. and also enable the operations of the downhole drilling tool to be controlled via commands and/or other information sent from the surface device(s) to the downhole drilling tool.
  • One known wellbore telemetry system 100 is depicted in FIG. 1. A more detailed description of such a known system is found in U.S. Pat. No. 5,517,464, which is incorporated by reference herein in its entirety. With reference to FIG. 1, a drilling rig 10 includes a drive mechanism 12 to provide a driving torque to a drill string 14. The lower end of the drill string 14 extends into a wellbore 30 and carries a drill bit 16 to drill an underground formation 18. During drilling operations, drilling mud 20 is drawn from a mud pit 22 on a surface 29 via one or more pumps 24 (e.g., reciprocating pumps). The drilling mud 20 is circulated through a mud line 26 down through the drill string 14 and the wall of the wellbore 30. Upon reaching the surface 29, the drilling mud 20 is discharged through a line 32 into the mud pit 22 so that rock and/or other well debris carried in the mud can settle to the bottom of the mud pit 22 before the drilling mud 20 is recirculated.
  • As shown in FIG. 1, a downhole measurement while drilling (MWD) tool 34 is incorporated in the drill string 14 near the drill bit 16 for the acquisition and transmission of downhole data or information. The MWD tool 34 includes an electronic sensor package 36 and a mudflow wellbore telemetry device 38. The mudflow telemetry device 38 an selectively block the passage of the mud 20 through the drill string 14 to cause pressure changes in the mud line 26. In other words, the wellbore telemetry device 38 can be used to modulate the pressure in the mud 20 to transmit data from the sensor package 36 to the surface 29. Modulated changes in pressure are detected by a pressure transducer 40 and a pump piston sensor 42, both of which are coupled to a processor (not shown). The processor interprets the modulated changes in pressure to reconstruct the data collected and sent by the sensor package 36. The modulation and demodulation of a pressure wave are described in detail in commonly assigned U.S. Pat. No. 5,375,098, which is incorporated by reference herein in its entirety.
  • In addition to the known mud pulse telemetry system 100 depicted in FIG. 1, other wellbore telemetry systems may be used to establish communication between a downhole tool and a surface unit. Examples of known telemetry systems include a wired drill pipe wellbore telemetry system as described in U.S. Pat. No. 6,641,434, an electromagnetic wellbore telemetry system as described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,624,051, an acoustic wellbore telemetry system as described in published PCT Patent Application No. WO21004085796, all of which are hereby incorporated by reference herein in their entireties. Further examples using data conveyance or communication devices (e.g. transceivers coupled to sensors) have also been used to convey power and/or data between a downhole tool and a surface unit.
  • Despite the development and advancement of wellbore telemetry devices in wellbore operations, there remains a need for additional reliability and wellbore telemetry capabilities for wellbore operations. As with other many other wellbore devices, wellbore telemetry devices sometimes fail. Additionally, the power provided by many known wellbore telemetry devices may be insufficient to power desired wellbore operations. Attempts have been made to use two different types of mud pulse telemetry devices in a downhole tool. In particular, each of the different mud pulse telemetry devices is typically positioned in the downhole tool and communicatively linked to a different, respective surface unit. Such wellbore telemetry tools have been run simultaneously and non-simultaneously and at different frequencies. Attempts have also been made to develop dual channel downhole wellbore telemetry for transmitting data streams via communication channels to be interpreted independently as described in U.S. Pat. No. 6,909,667.
  • Despite the above-noted advancements in wellbore telemetry systems, there remains a need to provide wellbore telemetry systems capable of providing added reliability, increased speed, and increased power capabilities. As set forth in the detailed description below, the example methods and apparatus enable telemetry systems to operate at one or more desired frequencies and provide increased bandwidth. Additionally, the example methods and apparatus described below enable a plurality of different wellbore telemetry devices to be combined with a variety of one or more downhole components, such as formation evaluation tools, to provide flexibility in performing wellbore operations. Still further, the example methods and apparatus described below provide backup wellbore telemetry capability, enable the operation of multiple identical or substantially similar wellbore telemetry tools, enable the generation of comparative wellbore measurements, enable the activation of multiple wellbore telemetry tools, increase the available bandwidth and/or data transmission rates for communications between one or more downhole tools and one or more surface units, and enable adaptation of the wellbore telemetry tools to different and/or varying wellbore conditions.
  • SUMMARY
  • In accordance with one disclosed example, a wellbore communication system for a wellsite having a downhole tool deployed in a wellbore penetrating a subterranean formation includes a first mud pulse telemetry device disposed in the downhole tool. The example system may also include at least one additional telemetry device other than a mud pulse telemetry device and disposed in the wellbore. Additionally, the example system may include at least one of a pressure transducer or a pressure sensor adapted to detect a modulated pressure provided by at least one of the telemetry devices.
  • In another disclosed example, a wellbore communication system for a wellsite having a downhole tool deployed in a wellbore penetrating a subterranean formation includes a plurality of wellbore telemetry systems. At least one of the wellbore telemetry systems may comprise a wired drill pipe telemetry system. The example system may also include at least one surface unit in communication with at least one of the plurality of wellbore telemetry systems.
  • In yet another disclosed example, a wellbore communication system for a wellsite having a downhole tool deployed in a wellbore penetrating a subterranean formation includes at least one formation evaluation component to measure at least one wellbore parameter. The example system may also include a plurality of wellbore telemetry systems. At least one of the wellbore telemetry systems may be in communication with the at least one formation evaluation component to receive data therefrom and to transmit the data to a surface unit.
  • In still another disclosed example, a method of communicating between a surface location and a downhole tool deployed in a wellbore penetrating a subterranean formation evaluates a subterranean formation using at least one downhole component positioned in the downhole tool. The downhole tool may comprise a plurality of wellbore telemetry systems. The example method may also selectively transmit data from the at least one downhole component to a surface unit via at least one of the wellbore telemetry systems.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic view, partially in cross-section, of a known measurement while drilling tool and wellbore telemetry device connected to a drill string and deployed from a rig into a wellbore.
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic view, partially in cross-section, of an example telemetry system including a downhole tool having multiple mud pulse telemetry devices.
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic view, partially in cross-section, of another example telemetry system including a downhole tool having a wired drill pipe wellbore telemetry device.
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic view, partially in cross-section, of yet another example telemetry system including a downhole tool having a mud pulse telemetry device and an electromagnetic wellbore telemetry device.
  • FIG. 5 is a schematic view, partially in cross-section, of still another example telemetry system including a downhole tool having multiple downhole components and multiple wellbore telemetry devices.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • Certain examples are shown in the above-identified figures and described in detail below. In describing these examples, like or identical reference numbers are used to identify common or similar elements. The figures are not necessarily to scale and certain features and certain views of the figures may be shown exaggerated in scale or in schematic for clarity and/or conciseness.
  • Referring now to FIG. 2, a mud pulse wellbore telemetry system 200 having multiple telemetry devices is shown. In contrast to the known system 100 of FIG. 1, the example wellbore telemetry system 200 includes two MWD tools 234 a and 234 b, two mud pulse telemetry devices 238 a and 238 b, two transducers 240 a and 240 b, and two sensors 242 a and 242 b. Additionally, the MWD tools 234 a and 234 b may communicate with a single surface computer or unit 202 via the mud pulse telemetry devices 238 a and 238 b. As can be seen in the example system 200 of FIG. 2, the mud pulse telemetry devices 238 a and 238 b are identical or substantially identical, the MWD tools 234 a and 234 b are identical or substantially identical, and the devices 238 a and 238 b and the tools 234 a and 234 b are positioned within a single downhole tool 201 (i.e., the same downhole tool). The surface unit or computer 202 may be implemented using any desired combination of hardware and/or software. For example, a personal computer platform, workstation platform, etc. may store on a computer readable medium (e.g., a magnetic or optical hard disk, random access memory, etc.) and execute one or more software routines, programs, machine readable code or instructions, etc. to perform the operations described herein. Additionally or alternatively, the surface unit or computer 202 may use dedicated hardware or logic such as, for example, application specific integrated circuits, configured programmable logic controllers, discrete logic, analog circuitry, passive electrical components, etc. to perform the functions or operations described herein.
  • Still further, while the surface unit 202 is depicted in the example of FIG. 2 as being relatively proximate to the drilling rig 10, some part of or the entire surface unit 202 may alternatively be located relatively remotely from the rig 10. For example, the surface unit 202 may be operationally and/or communicatively coupled to the wellbore telemetry system 200 via any combination of one or more wireless or hardwired communication links (not shown). Such communication links may include communications via a packet switched network (e.g., the Internet), hardwired telephone lines, cellular communication links and/or other radio frequency based communication links, etc. using any desired communication protocol.
  • Returning in detail to FIG. 2, the MWD tools 234 a and 234 b may be implemented using the same device(s) used to implement the MWD tool 34 of FIG. 1. Similarly, the mud pulse telemetry devices 238 a and 238 b may be implemented using the same device(s) used to implement the mud pulse telemetry device 38 of FIG. 1. An example of a mud pulse telemetry device that may be used or otherwise adapted to implement the devices 38, 238 a, and 238 b is described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,517,464, which has previously been incorporated by reference.
  • In operation, the example wellbore telemetry system 20 of FIG. 2 uses the mud pulse telemetry devices 238 a and 238 b to generate signals (e.g., modulated pressure signals) in the mud 20 flowing in the annulus 28 of the wellbore 30. These generated signals (e.g., modulated or varying pressure signals) may be sensed by one or more of the pressure transducers 240 a and 240 b and/or the pressure sensors 242 a and 242 b and analyzed by the surface unit 202 to extract or otherwise obtain data or other information relating to the operational condition(s) of the downhole tool 201 (e.g., one or both of the MWD Tools 234 a and 234 b), conditions in wellbore 30, and/or any other desired downhole information. In this manner, communications may be established between the downhole tool 201 and, thus, between the MWD tools 234 a and 234 b, and the surface unit 202. More generally, such communications between the downhole tool 201 and the surface unit 202 may be established using uplink and/or downlink systems. Further, while mud pulse telemetry devices 238 a and 238 b are described in connection with the example telemetry system 200 of FIG. 2, other types of wellbore telemetry devices may be employed instead of or in addition to the mud pulse telemetry devices 238 a and 238 b. For example, one or more mud sirens, positive pulse mud flow telemetry devices, and/or negative pulse mud flow telemetry devices may be used.
  • In general, the example wellbore telemetry systems described herein may use telemetry devices arranged or positioned in various configurations relative to the downhole tool. In the example of FIG. 2, one or both of the telemetry devices 238 a and 238 b may be operatively or communicatively coupled to the same (i.e., a single) MWD tool (e.g., the tool 234 a or the tool 234 b). Alternatively, each of the telemetry devices 238 a and 238 b may be operatively or communicatively coupled to different respective tools. For example, the telemetry device 238 a may be communicatively or operatively coupled to the MWD tool 234 a and the telemetry device 238 b may be communicatively or operatively coupled to the MWD tool 234 b, as depicted in FIG. 2. As described in greater detail below, one or both of the telemetry devices 238 a and 238 b may be communicatively or operatively coupled to one or more additional downhole components.
  • Turning again to the operation of the example system 200 of FIG. 2, the mud pulse telemetry devices 238 a and 238 b may send uplink signals (e.g., varying or modulated pressure signals to be conveyed up along the annulus 28 to the surface 29) by altering the flow of mud through the telemetry devices 238 a and 238 b. Such uplink signals (e.g., varying or modulated pressure signals) are sensed or detected by the pressure transducers 240 a and 240 b and/or the pressure sensors 242 a and 242 b. In particular, the uplink signals generated by the telemetry device 238 a may be detected or sensed by the transducer 240 a and/or the pressure sensor 242 a. Similarly, the uplink signals generated by the telemetry device 238 b may be detected or sensed by the transducer 240 b and/or the pressure sensor 242 b. The pressure transducers 240 a and 240 b may be implemented using devices identical or similar to that used to implement the pressure transducer 40 of FIG. 1, and the sensors 242 a and 242 b may be implemented using devices identical or similar to that used to implement the sensor 42 of FIG. 1.
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic view, partially in cross-section, of another example telemetry system 30 including a downhole tool 301 having a wired drill pipe wellbore telemetry system or device 348. In contrast to the known mud pulse telemetry system 100 depicted in FIG. 1, the example telemetry system 300 utilizes a mud pulse telemetry device 338 that is housed in a MWD tool 334 and includes the wired drill pipe telemetry system 348.
  • As shown in FIG. 3, the MWD tool 334 and the mud pulse telemetry device 338 may be positioned in the downhole tool 301. The MWD tool 334 may be implemented using a device that is similar or identical to that used to implement the MWD tool 34 of the FIG. 1 and/or the MWD tools 234 a and 234 b of FIG. 2. Similarly, the mud pulse telemetry device 338 may be implemented using a device that is similar or identical to that used to implement the mud pulse telemetry device 38 of FIG. 1 and/or the mud pulse telemetry devices 238 a and 238 b of FIG. 2. Additionally, the surface unit or computer 302 may be implemented in a manner similar to the surface unit or computer 202 described in connection with FIG. 2. Thus, the surface unit 302 may be operatively or communicatively coupled to the MWD tool 334 via the mud pulse telemetry device 338 and/or may be operatively or communicatively coupled to the wired drill pipe telemetry system 348 via one or more communication links (not shown). As with the example system 200 of FIG. 2, the surface unit or computer 302 may be proximate the drilling rig 10 or, alternatively, some or all of the surface unit or computer 302 may be remotely located relative to the drilling rig 10.
  • Turning in detail to the wired drill pipe wellbore telemetry system 348, it can be seen in the example of FIG. 3 that the system 348 extends substantially entirely through the drill string 14. An example of a wired drill pipe wellbore telemetry system that may be used to implement the system 348 is described in U.S. Pat. No. 6,641,434, which has been previously incorporated by reference herein. As depicted in FIG. 3, the wired drill pipe wellbore telemetry system 348 includes a plurality or series of wires 352 positioned in each drill pipe 350 that forms or composes the drill string 14. A coupler 354 is positioned at the end of each of the drill pipes 350 so that when the pipes 350 are connected, joined, or otherwise coupled, the drill string 14 provides a hardwired communication link extending through the drill string 14. While the wired drill pipe telemetry system 348 is depicted in FIG. 3 as extending substantially entirely through the drill string 14 to the MWD tool 334, the wired drill pipe telemetry system 348 may instead extend only partially through the drill string 14.
  • During operation, either or both of the mud pulse telemetry device 338 and the wired drill pipe system 348 may be used to enable communications between the downhole tool 301 (e.g., the MWD tool 334) and the surface unit 302. Depending on the particular operational mode of the rig 10 and/or downhole or other environmental conditions, the device 338 or the system 348 may be best suited to convey data to the surface unit 302. Alternatively or additionally, both the device 338 and the system 348 may be used to convey information between the surface unit 302 and the downhole tool 301 at the same time. In such a case, the conveyed information may concern the same downhole parameter(s) or condition(s) or different parameter(s) or condition(s).
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic view, partially in cross-section, of yet another example telemetry system 400 including a downhole tool 401 having a mud pulse telemetry device 438 and an electromagnetic wellbore telemetry device 448. Similar to the systems 200 and 300 depicted in FIGS. 2 and 3, respectively, the system 400 includes a surface unit or computer 402 that can communicate with the downhole tool 401 and/or other downhole components and analyze information obtained therefrom. In this manner, the surface unit 402 may be operationally or otherwise coupled to a MWD tool 434 via, for example, the mud pulse telemetry device 438. Still further, as with the other systems 200 and 300, the surface unit 402 may be proximate the drilling rig 10 as shown, or some or all of the surface unit 402 may be remotely located relative to the drilling rig 10 and communicatively coupled via, for example, any desired combination of wireless and hardwired communication links to the system 400.
  • The mud pulse telemetry device 438 is position in the downhole tool 401 and may be implemented using the same device or a device similar to the device used to implement the device 38 of FIG. 1, the device 238 a and 238 b of FIG. 2, and/or the device 338 of FIG. 3. Also, the MWD tool 434 is positioned in the downhole tool 401 and may be implemented using the same device or a device similar to the device used to implement the device(s) used to implement the tools 234 a and 234 b of FIG. 2, and/or 334 of FIG. 3.
  • The electromagnetic wellbore telemetry system 448 includes a downhole transceiver 454 and a surface transceiver 452. An example of an electromagnetic wellbore telemetry system that may be used to implement the system 448 of FIG. 4 is described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,624,051, previously incorporated by reference herein. As depicted in the example of FIG. 4, the electromagnetic wellbore telemetry system 448 is also provided with a gap collar 450, which is position in the downhole tool 401 to enhance the electromagnetic signals conveyed between the transceivers 452 and 454. An example of a gap collar that may be used to implement the collar 450 is described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,396,232.
  • While the example systems depicted in FIGS. 2-4 include certain combinations of mud pulse telemetry, wired drill pipe telemetry, and electromagnetic telemetry systems, other combinations of such systems may be employed to achieve the same or similar results. For example, a wellbore telemetry system using a mud siren, positive and/or negative pulse telemetry devices, an acoustic telemetry device, a tortional wave telemetry device, or any other telemetry device(s) could be used instead of or in addition to those depicted in FIGS. 2-4 to communicate with a surface unit or computer. Additionally, various combinations of communication links (e.g., wireless, hardwired, etc.) may be employed to provide selective communications between the surface unit and the telemetry devices to suit the needs of particular applications.
  • Still further it should be understood that the telemetry devices, or any combination thereof, used with the example systems described herein may be positioned in various configurations about the downhole tool. For example, the devices may be positioned adjacent to each other or, alternatively, at some desired distance or spacing apart, with or without components disposed therebetween. The telemetry devices may be oriented vertically as shown in the examples, or one or more of the devices may be inverted.
  • FIG. 5 is a schematic view, partially in cross-section, of still another example telemetry system 500 including a downhole tool 501 having multiple downhole components and multiple wellbore telemetry devices. As depicted in the example system 500 of FIG. 5, the downhole tool 501 includes two MWD tools 534 a and 534 b, two mud pulse telemetry devices 538 a and 538 b, two pressure transducers 540 a and 540 b, and two sensors 542 a and 542 b.
  • A surface unit or computer 502, which may be similar or identical to one or more of the example surface units 202, 302, and 402 of FIGS. 2, 3, and 4, respectively, may be communicatively and/or operationally coupled to the telemetry devices 538 a and 538 b and/or downhole components 548 a and 548 b. As with the other example surface units 202, 302, and 404, the example surface unit 502 may be proximate (e.g., onsite) or remotely situated (e.g., offsite) relative to the rig 10 and operationally and/or otherwise coupled to the telemetry systems, MWD tools 534 a and 534 b, and/or mud pulse telemetry devices 538 a and 538 b via any desired communication links (not shown). The MWD tools 534 a and 534 b may be implemented using devices similar or identical to those used to implement the MWD tools 34, 234 a, 234 b, 334, and/or 434. Similarly, the mud pulse telemetry devices 538 a and 538 b may be implemented using devices similar or identical to those used to implement the mud pulse telemetry devices 38, 238 a, 238 b, 338, and/or 438.
  • As depicted in FIG. 5, the downhole tool 501 houses the MWD tools 534 a and 534 b, the mud pulse telemetry devices 538 a and 538 b, and downhole components 548 a and 548 b. In the example of FIG. 5, the downhole components 548 a and 548 b are depicted as formation evaluation tools, which may be used to test and/or sample fluid from a surrounding formation. Examples of such formation valuation tools that may be used to implement the tools 548 a and 548 b are described in published U.S. Patent Application No. 2005/01109538, which is incorporated by reference herein in its entirety. As shown, the downhole components 548 a and 548 b include stabilizer blades 552 a and 552 b with proves 554 a and 554 b for drawing fluid into the downhole tool 501, and backup pistons 550 a and 550 b to assist in driving the proves 554 a and 554 b into position against the wall of the wellbore 30. The formation evaluation components 548 a and 548 b may enable various pressure testing and/or sampling procedures to be performed. Although the example of FIG. 5 depicts two formation evaluation components in the downhole tool 501, one or more than two formation evaluation components may be used instead.
  • In the example of FIG. 5, the wellbore telemetry devices 538 a and 538 b are operationally coupled to the respective downhole components 548 a and 548 b. However, one or more wellbore telemetry devices may be coupled to one or more formation evaluation components. For example, two wellbore telemetry devices may be coupled to the same downhole component or, alternatively, each wellbore telemetry device may be coupled to a single, respective downhole component. Additionally, a variety of formation evaluation components may be coupled to one or both of the wellbore telemetry devices 538 a and 538 b. As used herein, “formation evaluation component” refers to a device for performing formation evaluation such as, for example, sampling, detecting formation pressure while drilling, measuring resistivity, nuclear magnetic measurements, or any other downhole tool used to evaluate a subterranean formation.
  • Multiple wellbore telemetry devices and/or systems such as those described in connection with the example systems herein may be used to provide downhole tools with the ability to perform independent or integrated downhole operations. For example, one wellbore telemetry system and/or telemetry device may be used in conjunction with a downhole formation evaluation component to perform various testing operations, while a second telemetry device may be used to perform resistivity operations. Additional wellbore telemetry systems and/or devices may be provided as desired. In some cases it may be desirable to use certain wellbore telemetry systems or devices in conjunction with certain downhole components to perform certain downhole operations.
  • Measurements taking using the wellbore telemetry devices may be compared and analyzed. In this manner, duplicate or redundant measurements may be taken for calibration and/or verification purposes. Additionally, duplicate or redundant measurements may be taken at different positions (at the same or different times) to determine differences in the formation at various downhole locations. Measurements taken by different components may also be analyzed to determine, for example, performance capabilities and/or formation properties.
  • The separate or individual functionality of the wellbore telemetry devices may also be used to supply and/or enhance power capabilities for instruments or tools downhole/in the BHA as needed to perform continuous or additional operations. For example, embodiments of the systems disclosed herein may be implemented with a power source (e.g. batteries) or power generator (e.g. mud turbine), as known in the art, to provide the desired energy. Yet other embodiments may be implemented for power transmission via electromagnetic energy conveyance using the wired drill pipe systems disclosed herein.
  • Multiple wellbore telemetry devices may also be used to increase data transmission rates to the surface and/or to eliminate the need for batteries in the downhole tool. The use of multiple wellbore telemetry devices may also provide a backup system in a case where one of the wellbore telemetry systems fails or is otherwise unable to function properly. Further, in cases where two different wellbore telemetry systems and/or devices are used, alternative types of communications may be employed as desired or needed to provide more effective communications between a downhole tool and a surface unit. Still further, any desired communication medium (e.g., gas/gas mixtures including air, methane, nitrogen, mud, etc.) or combination of media may be used to implement the telemetry systems described herein. For example, any combination of wireless and/or hardwired media may be used to suit the needs of particular applications. More specifically, wireless media may include drilling mud, electromagnetic signals, acoustic signals, etc., and hardwired media may include wired drill pipe and/or any other media using electrical conductors. In some cases, especially when running under-balanced drilling, inert gas like nitrogen, methane or air is mixed to reduce the weight of the mud. If there is an excessive amount of gas in the mud system, mud pulse telemetry systems often fail to work. In some cases only pressurized gas is used for drilling. In these cases electromagnetic and/or wired drill pipe telemetry systems of the invention may be used. A combination of these telemetry systems or multiple electromagnetic or other telemetry devices can also be used as disclosed herein.
  • As noted above in connection with the examples of FIGS. 2, 3, 4, and 5, the surface units 202, 302, 402, and/or 502 may be located onsite or offsite (e.g., relative to the rig) and may be communicatively and/or operationally coupled to one or more respective downhole tools via communication links (not shown). The communication links may be implemented using any desired wireless and/or hardwired link capable of transmitting data between wellbore telemetry devices and surface units or computers. In some examples, the communication link may be coupled to a wellbore telemetry device via an intermediary device such as, for example, a pressure transducer. The communication link provides means for passing signals such as command, data, power or other signals between the wellbore telemetry devices and the surface computer. These signals may be used to control the downhole tool and/or to retrieve data collected by the downhole tool. Preferably, but not necessarily, signals are passed in real time to provide fast and efficient data collection, tool operation and/or response to wellbore conditions.
  • One or more communication links may be provided to operatively couple the wellbore telemetry system(s) and/or device(s) to one or more surface unit(s). In this manner, each wellbore telemetry device and/or system can selectively communicate with one or more surface unit(s). Alternatively, such links may couple the wellbore telemetry system(s) and/or device(s). The telemetry device(s) may communicate with the surface via a wellbore telemetry system. Various communication links may be provided so that the wellbore telemetry devices and/or systems may communicate with each other and/or the surface unit(s) independently, simultaneously or substantially simultaneously, alternately (e.g., while one telemetry device is actively communicating, other telemetry devices are not actively communicating), and/or during selected (e.g., predetermined) time frames or intervals.
  • The signals and/or other communications conveyed via the example wellbore telemetry systems described herein may be used or manipulated to enable the efficient flow of data or information. For example, the example telemetry devices and/or systems may be selectively operated to pass data from the downhole tool to the surface unit or computer. Such data may be passed from the telemetry devices and/or systems at similar or different frequencies, simultaneously or substantially simultaneously, and/or independently. The data and/or signals may be selectively manipulated, analyzed, or otherwise processed to generate an optimum and/or desired data output. The data (e.g., the output data) may be compared (e.g., to reference values, threshold values, etc.) and/or analyzed to determine wellsite conditions, which may be used to adjust operating conditions, locate valuable hydrocarbons, and/or perform any other desired wellsite operations or functions.
  • It will be understood from the foregoing description that the example systems and methods described herein may be modified from the specific embodiments provided. For example, the communication links described herein may be wired or wireless. The example devices described herein may be manually and/or automatically activated or operated to perform the desired operations. Such activation may be performed as desired and/or based on data generated, conditions detected, and/or results from downhole operations.
  • The foregoing description and example systems and methods provided thereby are for purposes of illustration only and are not to be construed as limiting. Thus, although certain apparatus and methods have been described herein, the scope of coverage of this patent is not limited thereto. To the contrary, this patent covers all embodiments fairly falling within the scope of the appended claims either literally or under the doctrine of equivalents.

Claims (28)

  1. 1. A wellbore communication system for a wellsite having a downhole tool deployed in a wellbore penetrating a subterranean formation, the communication system comprising:
    a first mud pulse telemetry device disposed in the downhole tool;
    at least one additional telemetry device other than a mud pulse telemetry device disposed in the wellbore; and
    at least one of a pressure transducer or a pressure sensor to detect a modulated pressure provided by the mud pulse telemetry device.
  2. 2. The communication system of claim 1, further comprising a surface unit to communicate with at least one of the telemetry devices.
  3. 3. The communication system of claim 1, further comprising at least one formation evaluation component to perform a downhole operation.
  4. 4. The communication system of claim 3, wherein at least one formation evaluation component is to be operatively coupled to at least one of the telemetry devices.
  5. 5. The communication system of claim 1, wherein at least one additional telemetry device comprises a telemetry system.
  6. 6. The communication system of claim 5, wherein the at least one additional telemetry system comprises an electromagnetic wellbore telemetry system.
  7. 7. The communication system of claim 5, wherein the at least one additional telemetry system comprises a wired drill pipe telemetry system.
  8. 8. The communication system of claim 1, further comprising at least one additional mud pulse telemetry device positioned in the downhole tool.
  9. 9. A wellbore communication system for a wellsite having a downhole tool deployed from a rig into a wellbore penetrating a subterranean formation, the communication system comprising:
    a plurality of wellbore telemetry systems, wherein at least one of the wellbore telemetry systems comprises a wired drill pipe telemetry system; and
    at least one surface unit in communication with at least one of the plurality of wellbore telemetry systems.
  10. 10. The communication system of claim 9, wherein the plurality of wellbore telemetry systems comprises one or more of another wired drill pipe telemetry system, a mud pulse telemetry system, or an electromagnetic telemetry system.
  11. 11. The communication system of claim 9, further comprising at least one formation evaluation component to perform a downhole operation.
  12. 12. The communication system of claim 11, wherein the at least one formation evaluation component is to be operatively coupled to at least one of the wellbore telemetry systems.
  13. 13. A wellbore communication system for a wellsite having a downhole tool deployed in a wellbore penetrating a subterranean formation, the communication system comprising:
    at least one formation evaluation component to measure at least one wellbore parameter; and
    a plurality of wellbore telemetry systems, wherein at least one of the wellbore telemetry systems is to be in communication with the at least one formation evaluation component to receive data therefrom and to transmit the data to a surface unit.
  14. 14. The communication system of claim 13, wherein the wellbore telemetry systems comprise one or more of a mud pulse telemetry system, an electromagnetic telemetry system, or a wired drill pipe telemetry system.
  15. 15. The communication system of claim 13, wherein each formation evaluation tool is to be operatively coupled to a respective wellbore telemetry device.
  16. 16. A method of communicating between a surface location and a downhole tool deployed in a wellbore penetrating a subterranean formation, the method comprising:
    evaluating a subterranean formation using at least one downhole component positioned in the downhole tool, wherein the downhole tool comprises a plurality of wellbore telemetry systems; and
    selectively transmitting data from the at least one downhole component to a surface unit of at least one of the wellbore telemetry systems.
  17. 17. The method of claim 16, wherein the data is transmitted simultaneously from each downhole component.
  18. 18. The method of claim 16, wherein the data is transmitted at different times from at least two downhole components.
  19. 19. The method of claim 16, further comprising transmitting the data between wellbore telemetry devices.
  20. 20. The method of claim 16 further comprising analyzing data collected from the at least one formation evaluation component.
  21. 21. The method of claim 20, wherein the data from each formation evaluation component is compared.
  22. 22. The method of claim 16, further comprising supplying power to a downhole tool using one of the plurality of wellbore telemetry systems.
  23. 23. A wellbore telemetry system, comprising:
    a first wellbore telemetry device coupled to a downhole tool and adapted to use a communication medium to communicate with a surface computer; and
    a second wellbore telemetry device coupled to a downhole tool and adapted to use one of the communication medium, a wired drill pipe communication link, or an electromagnetic communication link to communicate with the surface computer.
  24. 24. The wellbore telemetry system of claim 23, wherein the downhole tool comprises at least two measurement while drilling tools.
  25. 25. The wellbore telemetry system of claim 23, wherein the communication medium comprises mud in a wellbore.
  26. 26. The wellbore telemetry system of claim 23, wherein the communication medium comprises a mixture of mud and gas in a wellbore.
  27. 27. The wellbore telemetry system of claim 23, wherein the communication medium comprises a gas consisting substantially of nitrogen, methane, or air in a wellbore.
  28. 28. The wellbore telemetry system of claim 24, wherein the first and second wellbore telemetry devices comprise at least one of mud pulse telemetry devices, sirens, positive pulse devices, or negative pulse devices.
US11382598 2005-07-05 2006-05-10 Wellbore telemetry system and method Abandoned US20070017671A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US69707305 true 2005-07-05 2005-07-05
US11382598 US20070017671A1 (en) 2005-07-05 2006-05-10 Wellbore telemetry system and method

Applications Claiming Priority (23)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11382598 US20070017671A1 (en) 2005-07-05 2006-05-10 Wellbore telemetry system and method
GB0611833A GB2428054A (en) 2005-07-05 2006-06-15 A wellbore communication system
NO20062913A NO20062913A (en) 2005-07-05 2006-06-21 Apparatus and system for bronnplassering and reservoir characterization
FR0605975A FR2888283A1 (en) 2005-07-05 2006-06-27 System and method for telemetry in the wellbore
MXPA06007407A MXPA06007407A (en) 2005-07-05 2006-06-27 Wellbore telemetry system and method.
CA 2551090 CA2551090A1 (en) 2005-07-05 2006-06-27 Wellbore telemetry system and method
RU2006124080A RU2006124080A (en) 2005-07-05 2006-07-04 The downhole telemetry system and method
DE200610030883 DE102006030883A1 (en) 2005-07-05 2006-07-04 Downhole telemetry system and method
US11614444 US8004421B2 (en) 2006-05-10 2006-12-21 Wellbore telemetry and noise cancellation systems and method for the same
GB0813622A GB2449004B (en) 2006-05-10 2007-05-01 Wellbore telemetry
GB0813624A GB2449005B (en) 2006-05-10 2007-05-01 Wellbore telemetry
GB0813616A GB2452367B (en) 2006-05-10 2007-05-01 Wellbore telemetry
GB0708360A GB2438050B (en) 2006-05-10 2007-05-01 Wellbore telemetry and noise cancellation systems and methods for the same
NO20072363A NO342089B1 (en) 2006-05-10 2007-05-09 A method and communications system comprising processing the signals of a well drilling system.
FR0703965A FR2899931A1 (en) 2005-07-05 2007-06-04 System and method for telemetry in the wellbore
US12496908 US20100171639A1 (en) 2006-05-10 2009-07-02 Wellbore telemetry and noise cancellation systems and methods for the same
US12496878 US8111171B2 (en) 2006-05-10 2009-07-02 Wellbore telemetry and noise cancellation systems and methods for the same
US12496885 US8502696B2 (en) 2006-05-10 2009-07-02 Dual wellbore telemetry system and method
US12538961 US8629782B2 (en) 2006-05-10 2009-08-11 System and method for using dual telemetry
US13182232 US8860582B2 (en) 2006-05-10 2011-07-13 Wellbore telemetry and noise cancellation systems and methods for the same
US13182205 US20120013481A1 (en) 2006-05-10 2011-07-13 Wellbore Telemetry And Noise Cancellation Systems And Method For The Same
US13971777 US9766362B2 (en) 2005-07-05 2013-08-20 System and method for using dual telemetry
US14601160 US20150131410A1 (en) 2005-07-05 2015-01-20 Wellbore Telemetry and Noise Cancelation Systems and Methods for the Same

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11614444 Continuation-In-Part US8004421B2 (en) 2005-07-05 2006-12-21 Wellbore telemetry and noise cancellation systems and method for the same

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20070017671A1 true true US20070017671A1 (en) 2007-01-25

Family

ID=36775674

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11382598 Abandoned US20070017671A1 (en) 2005-07-05 2006-05-10 Wellbore telemetry system and method

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (1) US20070017671A1 (en)
CA (1) CA2551090A1 (en)
DE (1) DE102006030883A1 (en)
FR (2) FR2888283A1 (en)
GB (1) GB2428054A (en)
RU (1) RU2006124080A (en)

Cited By (29)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20060260801A1 (en) * 2005-05-21 2006-11-23 Hall David R Wired Tool String Component
FR2892448A1 (en) * 2005-09-16 2007-04-27 Schlumberger Services Petrol System and method for telemetry in hystoric wellbore of the invention.
US20080001775A1 (en) * 2006-06-30 2008-01-03 Baker Hughes Incorporated Apparatus and method for memory dump and/or communication for mwd/lwd tools
US20080012569A1 (en) * 2005-05-21 2008-01-17 Hall David R Downhole Coils
US20080047753A1 (en) * 2004-11-05 2008-02-28 Hall David R Downhole Electric Power Generator
US20080074948A1 (en) * 2006-09-22 2008-03-27 Baker Hughes Incorporated Downhole Noise Cancellation in Mud-Pulse Telemetry
US20080083529A1 (en) * 2005-05-21 2008-04-10 Hall David R Downhole Coils
FR2910925A1 (en) * 2005-09-16 2008-07-04 Schlumberger Services Petrol System and method for telemetry in the wellbore
US20090120689A1 (en) * 2007-11-12 2009-05-14 Baker Hughes Incorporated Apparatus and method for communicating information between a wellbore and surface
US20090133936A1 (en) * 2006-03-23 2009-05-28 Hall David R Lead the Bit Rotary Steerable Tool
US20090151932A1 (en) * 2005-05-21 2009-06-18 Hall David R Intelligent Electrical Power Distribution System
US20090151926A1 (en) * 2005-05-21 2009-06-18 Hall David R Inductive Power Coupler
US20090166031A1 (en) * 2007-01-25 2009-07-02 Intelliserv, Inc. Monitoring downhole conditions with drill string distributed measurement system
US20090236148A1 (en) * 2005-11-21 2009-09-24 Hall David R Flow Guide Actuation
US20090250225A1 (en) * 2008-04-02 2009-10-08 Baker Hughes Incorporated Control of downhole devices in a wellbore
US20090260894A1 (en) * 2005-11-21 2009-10-22 Hall David R Jack Element for a Drill Bit
US20100108385A1 (en) * 2007-09-06 2010-05-06 Hall David R Downhole Jack Assembly Sensor
US20100116550A1 (en) * 2005-08-04 2010-05-13 Remi Hutin Interface and method for wellbore telemetry system
WO2011090698A1 (en) * 2009-12-28 2011-07-28 Services Petroliers Schlumberger Downhole communication system
US8130118B2 (en) 2005-05-21 2012-03-06 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Wired tool string component
US8297375B2 (en) 2005-11-21 2012-10-30 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Downhole turbine
US8408336B2 (en) 2005-11-21 2013-04-02 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Flow guide actuation
WO2015026317A1 (en) * 2013-08-19 2015-02-26 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Evaluating wellbore telemetry systems
US9121962B2 (en) 2005-03-31 2015-09-01 Intelliserv, Llc Method and conduit for transmitting signals
US9157313B2 (en) 2012-06-01 2015-10-13 Intelliserv, Llc Systems and methods for detecting drillstring loads
US9243489B2 (en) 2011-11-11 2016-01-26 Intelliserv, Llc System and method for steering a relief well
US9494033B2 (en) 2012-06-22 2016-11-15 Intelliserv, Llc Apparatus and method for kick detection using acoustic sensors
US9702245B1 (en) * 2016-02-12 2017-07-11 Baker Hughes Incorporated Flow off downhole communication method and related systems
US20170241255A1 (en) * 2012-12-07 2017-08-24 Evolution Engineering Inc. Back up directional and inclination sensors and method of operating same

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8004421B2 (en) 2006-05-10 2011-08-23 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Wellbore telemetry and noise cancellation systems and method for the same
US8629782B2 (en) 2006-05-10 2014-01-14 Schlumberger Technology Corporation System and method for using dual telemetry
US7894302B2 (en) * 2006-12-07 2011-02-22 Precision Energy Services, Inc. Drilling system comprising a plurality of borehole telemetry systems
US9945227B2 (en) 2014-06-23 2018-04-17 Evolution Engineering Inc. Mixed-mode telemetry systems and methods

Citations (37)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2352833A (en) * 1942-04-24 1944-07-04 Shell Dev Choke valve borehole indicating system
US2700131A (en) * 1951-07-20 1955-01-18 Lane Wells Co Measurement system
US3065416A (en) * 1960-03-21 1962-11-20 Dresser Ind Well apparatus
US3309656A (en) * 1964-06-10 1967-03-14 Mobil Oil Corp Logging-while-drilling system
US3713089A (en) * 1970-07-30 1973-01-23 Schlumberger Technology Corp Data-signaling apparatus ford well drilling tools
US3764970A (en) * 1972-06-15 1973-10-09 Schlumberger Technology Corp Well bore data-transmission apparatus with debris clearing apparatus
US4535429A (en) * 1982-07-10 1985-08-13 Nl Sperry-Sun, Inc. Apparatus for signalling within a borehole while drilling
US4725837A (en) * 1981-01-30 1988-02-16 Tele-Drill, Inc. Toroidal coupled telemetry apparatus
US4771408A (en) * 1986-03-31 1988-09-13 Eastman Christensen Universal mud pulse telemetry system
US4847815A (en) * 1987-09-22 1989-07-11 Anadrill, Inc. Sinusoidal pressure pulse generator for measurement while drilling tool
US5182730A (en) * 1977-12-05 1993-01-26 Scherbatskoy Serge Alexander Method and apparatus for transmitting information in a borehole employing signal discrimination
US5215152A (en) * 1992-03-04 1993-06-01 Teleco Oilfield Services Inc. Rotating pulse valve for downhole fluid telemetry systems
US5237540A (en) * 1992-08-21 1993-08-17 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Logging while drilling tools utilizing magnetic positioner assisted phase shifts
US5249161A (en) * 1992-08-21 1993-09-28 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Methods and apparatus for preventing jamming of encoder of logging while drilling tool
US5375098A (en) * 1992-08-21 1994-12-20 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Logging while drilling tools, systems, and methods capable of transmitting data at a plurality of different frequencies
US5396232A (en) * 1992-10-16 1995-03-07 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Transmitter device with two insulating couplings for use in a borehole
US5517464A (en) * 1994-05-04 1996-05-14 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Integrated modulator and turbine-generator for a measurement while drilling tool
US5583827A (en) * 1993-07-23 1996-12-10 Halliburton Company Measurement-while-drilling system and method
US5586084A (en) * 1994-12-20 1996-12-17 Halliburton Company Mud operated pulser
US5774420A (en) * 1995-08-16 1998-06-30 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Method and apparatus for retrieving logging data from a downhole logging tool
US6219301B1 (en) * 1997-11-18 2001-04-17 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Pressure pulse generator for measurement-while-drilling systems which produces high signal strength and exhibits high resistance to jamming
US6396276B1 (en) * 1996-07-31 2002-05-28 Scientific Drilling International Apparatus and method for electric field telemetry employing component upper and lower housings in a well pipestring
US6421298B1 (en) * 1999-10-08 2002-07-16 Halliburton Energy Services Mud pulse telemetry
US20030151977A1 (en) * 2002-02-13 2003-08-14 Shah Vimal V. Dual channel downhole telemetry
US20030151522A1 (en) * 2000-03-10 2003-08-14 Jeffryes Benjamin Peter Method and apparatus for enhanced acoustic mud pulse telemetry during underbalanced drilling
US6626253B2 (en) * 2001-02-27 2003-09-30 Baker Hughes Incorporated Oscillating shear valve for mud pulse telemetry
US6641434B2 (en) * 2001-06-14 2003-11-04 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Wired pipe joint with current-loop inductive couplers
US20040163822A1 (en) * 2002-12-06 2004-08-26 Zhiyi Zhang Combined telemetry system and method
US6788219B2 (en) * 2002-11-27 2004-09-07 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Structure and method for pulse telemetry
US20050000733A1 (en) * 2003-04-25 2005-01-06 Stuart Schaaf Systems and methods for performing mud pulse telemetry using a continuously variable transmission
US20050012637A1 (en) * 2003-07-14 2005-01-20 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Method and apparatus for mud pulse telemetry
US20050087368A1 (en) * 2003-10-22 2005-04-28 Boyle Bruce W. Downhole telemetry system and method
US6898150B2 (en) * 2001-03-13 2005-05-24 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hydraulically balanced reciprocating pulser valve for mud pulse telemetry
US20050167098A1 (en) * 2004-01-29 2005-08-04 Schlumberger Technology Corporation [wellbore communication system]
US20050260089A1 (en) * 2001-03-13 2005-11-24 Baker Hughes Incorporated Reciprocating pulser for mud pulse telemetry
US20050284659A1 (en) * 2004-06-28 2005-12-29 Hall David R Closed-loop drilling system using a high-speed communications network
US20060214814A1 (en) * 2005-03-24 2006-09-28 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Wellbore communication system

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4057781A (en) * 1976-03-19 1977-11-08 Scherbatskoy Serge Alexander Well bore communication method
FR2627649B1 (en) * 1988-02-22 1990-10-26 Inst Francais Du Petrole Method and the information transmission device by cable and by mud waves
WO1992018882A1 (en) * 1991-04-17 1992-10-29 Smith International, Inc. Short hop communication link for downhole mwd system
US8284075B2 (en) * 2003-06-13 2012-10-09 Baker Hughes Incorporated Apparatus and methods for self-powered communication and sensor network

Patent Citations (40)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2352833A (en) * 1942-04-24 1944-07-04 Shell Dev Choke valve borehole indicating system
US2700131A (en) * 1951-07-20 1955-01-18 Lane Wells Co Measurement system
US3065416A (en) * 1960-03-21 1962-11-20 Dresser Ind Well apparatus
US3309656A (en) * 1964-06-10 1967-03-14 Mobil Oil Corp Logging-while-drilling system
US3713089A (en) * 1970-07-30 1973-01-23 Schlumberger Technology Corp Data-signaling apparatus ford well drilling tools
USRE29734E (en) * 1972-06-15 1978-08-15 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Well bore data-transmission apparatus with debris clearing apparatus
US3764970A (en) * 1972-06-15 1973-10-09 Schlumberger Technology Corp Well bore data-transmission apparatus with debris clearing apparatus
US5182730A (en) * 1977-12-05 1993-01-26 Scherbatskoy Serge Alexander Method and apparatus for transmitting information in a borehole employing signal discrimination
US4725837A (en) * 1981-01-30 1988-02-16 Tele-Drill, Inc. Toroidal coupled telemetry apparatus
US4535429A (en) * 1982-07-10 1985-08-13 Nl Sperry-Sun, Inc. Apparatus for signalling within a borehole while drilling
US4771408A (en) * 1986-03-31 1988-09-13 Eastman Christensen Universal mud pulse telemetry system
US4847815A (en) * 1987-09-22 1989-07-11 Anadrill, Inc. Sinusoidal pressure pulse generator for measurement while drilling tool
US5215152A (en) * 1992-03-04 1993-06-01 Teleco Oilfield Services Inc. Rotating pulse valve for downhole fluid telemetry systems
US5237540A (en) * 1992-08-21 1993-08-17 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Logging while drilling tools utilizing magnetic positioner assisted phase shifts
US5249161A (en) * 1992-08-21 1993-09-28 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Methods and apparatus for preventing jamming of encoder of logging while drilling tool
US5375098A (en) * 1992-08-21 1994-12-20 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Logging while drilling tools, systems, and methods capable of transmitting data at a plurality of different frequencies
US5396232A (en) * 1992-10-16 1995-03-07 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Transmitter device with two insulating couplings for use in a borehole
US5583827A (en) * 1993-07-23 1996-12-10 Halliburton Company Measurement-while-drilling system and method
US5517464A (en) * 1994-05-04 1996-05-14 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Integrated modulator and turbine-generator for a measurement while drilling tool
US5586084A (en) * 1994-12-20 1996-12-17 Halliburton Company Mud operated pulser
US5774420A (en) * 1995-08-16 1998-06-30 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Method and apparatus for retrieving logging data from a downhole logging tool
US6396276B1 (en) * 1996-07-31 2002-05-28 Scientific Drilling International Apparatus and method for electric field telemetry employing component upper and lower housings in a well pipestring
US6219301B1 (en) * 1997-11-18 2001-04-17 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Pressure pulse generator for measurement-while-drilling systems which produces high signal strength and exhibits high resistance to jamming
US6421298B1 (en) * 1999-10-08 2002-07-16 Halliburton Energy Services Mud pulse telemetry
US20030151522A1 (en) * 2000-03-10 2003-08-14 Jeffryes Benjamin Peter Method and apparatus for enhanced acoustic mud pulse telemetry during underbalanced drilling
US20030151978A1 (en) * 2000-03-10 2003-08-14 Jeffryes Benjamin Peter Method and apparatus enhanced acoustic mud pulse telemetry
US6626253B2 (en) * 2001-02-27 2003-09-30 Baker Hughes Incorporated Oscillating shear valve for mud pulse telemetry
US6898150B2 (en) * 2001-03-13 2005-05-24 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hydraulically balanced reciprocating pulser valve for mud pulse telemetry
US20050260089A1 (en) * 2001-03-13 2005-11-24 Baker Hughes Incorporated Reciprocating pulser for mud pulse telemetry
US6641434B2 (en) * 2001-06-14 2003-11-04 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Wired pipe joint with current-loop inductive couplers
US20030151977A1 (en) * 2002-02-13 2003-08-14 Shah Vimal V. Dual channel downhole telemetry
US6909667B2 (en) * 2002-02-13 2005-06-21 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Dual channel downhole telemetry
US6788219B2 (en) * 2002-11-27 2004-09-07 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Structure and method for pulse telemetry
US20040163822A1 (en) * 2002-12-06 2004-08-26 Zhiyi Zhang Combined telemetry system and method
US20050000733A1 (en) * 2003-04-25 2005-01-06 Stuart Schaaf Systems and methods for performing mud pulse telemetry using a continuously variable transmission
US20050012637A1 (en) * 2003-07-14 2005-01-20 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Method and apparatus for mud pulse telemetry
US20050087368A1 (en) * 2003-10-22 2005-04-28 Boyle Bruce W. Downhole telemetry system and method
US20050167098A1 (en) * 2004-01-29 2005-08-04 Schlumberger Technology Corporation [wellbore communication system]
US20050284659A1 (en) * 2004-06-28 2005-12-29 Hall David R Closed-loop drilling system using a high-speed communications network
US20060214814A1 (en) * 2005-03-24 2006-09-28 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Wellbore communication system

Cited By (48)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8033328B2 (en) 2004-11-05 2011-10-11 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Downhole electric power generator
US20080047753A1 (en) * 2004-11-05 2008-02-28 Hall David R Downhole Electric Power Generator
US9121962B2 (en) 2005-03-31 2015-09-01 Intelliserv, Llc Method and conduit for transmitting signals
US8519865B2 (en) 2005-05-21 2013-08-27 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Downhole coils
US8264369B2 (en) 2005-05-21 2012-09-11 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Intelligent electrical power distribution system
US8130118B2 (en) 2005-05-21 2012-03-06 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Wired tool string component
US20080083529A1 (en) * 2005-05-21 2008-04-10 Hall David R Downhole Coils
US7382273B2 (en) * 2005-05-21 2008-06-03 Hall David R Wired tool string component
US20090151926A1 (en) * 2005-05-21 2009-06-18 Hall David R Inductive Power Coupler
US20080012569A1 (en) * 2005-05-21 2008-01-17 Hall David R Downhole Coils
US20090151932A1 (en) * 2005-05-21 2009-06-18 Hall David R Intelligent Electrical Power Distribution System
US20060260801A1 (en) * 2005-05-21 2006-11-23 Hall David R Wired Tool String Component
US9366092B2 (en) 2005-08-04 2016-06-14 Intelliserv, Llc Interface and method for wellbore telemetry system
US20100116550A1 (en) * 2005-08-04 2010-05-13 Remi Hutin Interface and method for wellbore telemetry system
FR2910925A1 (en) * 2005-09-16 2008-07-04 Schlumberger Services Petrol System and method for telemetry in the wellbore
US8164476B2 (en) * 2005-09-16 2012-04-24 Intelliserv, Llc Wellbore telemetry system and method
FR2892448A1 (en) * 2005-09-16 2007-04-27 Schlumberger Services Petrol System and method for telemetry in hystoric wellbore of the invention.
US20100328096A1 (en) * 2005-09-16 2010-12-30 Intelliserv, LLC. Wellbore telemetry system and method
US9109439B2 (en) 2005-09-16 2015-08-18 Intelliserv, Llc Wellbore telemetry system and method
US20090260894A1 (en) * 2005-11-21 2009-10-22 Hall David R Jack Element for a Drill Bit
US8267196B2 (en) 2005-11-21 2012-09-18 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Flow guide actuation
US20090236148A1 (en) * 2005-11-21 2009-09-24 Hall David R Flow Guide Actuation
US8281882B2 (en) 2005-11-21 2012-10-09 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Jack element for a drill bit
US8408336B2 (en) 2005-11-21 2013-04-02 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Flow guide actuation
US8297375B2 (en) 2005-11-21 2012-10-30 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Downhole turbine
US8360174B2 (en) 2006-03-23 2013-01-29 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Lead the bit rotary steerable tool
US20090133936A1 (en) * 2006-03-23 2009-05-28 Hall David R Lead the Bit Rotary Steerable Tool
US20080001775A1 (en) * 2006-06-30 2008-01-03 Baker Hughes Incorporated Apparatus and method for memory dump and/or communication for mwd/lwd tools
US8811118B2 (en) * 2006-09-22 2014-08-19 Baker Hughes Incorporated Downhole noise cancellation in mud-pulse telemetry
US20080074948A1 (en) * 2006-09-22 2008-03-27 Baker Hughes Incorporated Downhole Noise Cancellation in Mud-Pulse Telemetry
US8636060B2 (en) 2007-01-25 2014-01-28 Intelliserv, Llc Monitoring downhole conditions with drill string distributed measurement system
US20090166031A1 (en) * 2007-01-25 2009-07-02 Intelliserv, Inc. Monitoring downhole conditions with drill string distributed measurement system
US20100108385A1 (en) * 2007-09-06 2010-05-06 Hall David R Downhole Jack Assembly Sensor
US8499857B2 (en) 2007-09-06 2013-08-06 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Downhole jack assembly sensor
WO2009064758A2 (en) * 2007-11-12 2009-05-22 Baker Hughes Incorporated Apparatus and method for communicating information between a wellbore and surface
WO2009064758A3 (en) * 2007-11-12 2011-01-06 Baker Hughes Incorporated Apparatus and method for communicating information between a wellbore and surface
GB2467681B (en) * 2007-11-12 2012-10-17 Baker Hughes Inc Apparatus and method for communicating information between a wellbore and surface
US20090120689A1 (en) * 2007-11-12 2009-05-14 Baker Hughes Incorporated Apparatus and method for communicating information between a wellbore and surface
US20090250225A1 (en) * 2008-04-02 2009-10-08 Baker Hughes Incorporated Control of downhole devices in a wellbore
WO2011090698A1 (en) * 2009-12-28 2011-07-28 Services Petroliers Schlumberger Downhole communication system
US9243489B2 (en) 2011-11-11 2016-01-26 Intelliserv, Llc System and method for steering a relief well
US9157313B2 (en) 2012-06-01 2015-10-13 Intelliserv, Llc Systems and methods for detecting drillstring loads
US9494033B2 (en) 2012-06-22 2016-11-15 Intelliserv, Llc Apparatus and method for kick detection using acoustic sensors
US10066475B2 (en) * 2012-12-07 2018-09-04 Evolution Engineering Inc. Back up directional and inclination sensors and method of operating same
US20170241255A1 (en) * 2012-12-07 2017-08-24 Evolution Engineering Inc. Back up directional and inclination sensors and method of operating same
GB2530693A (en) * 2013-08-19 2016-03-30 Halliburton Energy Services Inc Evaluating wellbore telemetry systems
WO2015026317A1 (en) * 2013-08-19 2015-02-26 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Evaluating wellbore telemetry systems
US9702245B1 (en) * 2016-02-12 2017-07-11 Baker Hughes Incorporated Flow off downhole communication method and related systems

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
GB0611833D0 (en) 2006-07-26 application
DE102006030883A1 (en) 2007-01-11 application
RU2006124080A (en) 2008-01-10 application
CA2551090A1 (en) 2007-01-05 application
GB2428054A (en) 2007-01-17 application
FR2888283A1 (en) 2007-01-12 application
FR2899931A1 (en) 2007-10-19 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US7453768B2 (en) High-speed, downhole, cross well measurement system
US20040129424A1 (en) Instrumentation for a downhole deployment valve
US6097310A (en) Method and apparatus for mud pulse telemetry in underbalanced drilling systems
US20070029112A1 (en) Bidirectional drill string telemetry for measuring and drilling control
US6370082B1 (en) Acoustic telemetry system with drilling noise cancellation
US20130341094A1 (en) Apparatus and method for kick detection using acoustic sensors
US5586084A (en) Mud operated pulser
US20120186873A1 (en) Well drilling method utilizing real time response to ahead of bit measurements
US20070188344A1 (en) Wellbore telemetry system and method
US20070247328A1 (en) System and Method For Downhole Telemetry
US20030026167A1 (en) System and methods for detecting pressure signals generated by a downhole actuator
US20060219438A1 (en) Wireless communications in a drilling operations environment
US7301473B2 (en) Receiver for an acoustic telemetry system
US5969638A (en) Multiple transducer MWD surface signal processing
US20110205080A1 (en) Transmitter and receiver synchronization for wireless telemetry systems
US20100201540A1 (en) System and method for using dual telemetry
US20060086497A1 (en) Wireless Communications Associated With A Wellbore
US20090173493A1 (en) Interface and method for transmitting information to and from a downhole tool
US20050189142A1 (en) Wellbore drilling system and method
US20090033516A1 (en) Instrumented wellbore tools and methods
US20120127829A1 (en) Generating fluid telemetry
US20070057811A1 (en) Downhole data transmission apparatus and methods
US7881155B2 (en) Pressure release encoding system for communicating downhole information through a wellbore to a surface location
US20090120689A1 (en) Apparatus and method for communicating information between a wellbore and surface
US6750783B2 (en) Low frequency electromagnetic telemetry system employing high cardinality phase shift keying

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION, TEXAS

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:CLARK, BRIAN;JOHNSTON, LUCIAN;HUTIN, REMI;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:017780/0914;SIGNING DATES FROM 20060526 TO 20060613