US20060130628A1 - Tooth form design for reciprocating saw blade - Google Patents

Tooth form design for reciprocating saw blade Download PDF

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Publication number
US20060130628A1
US20060130628A1 US11023097 US2309704A US2006130628A1 US 20060130628 A1 US20060130628 A1 US 20060130628A1 US 11023097 US11023097 US 11023097 US 2309704 A US2309704 A US 2309704A US 2006130628 A1 US2006130628 A1 US 2006130628A1
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US
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
face
tooth
blade
saw
angle
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
US11023097
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US7225714B2 (en )
Inventor
Markus Rompel
Malek George
Rickey Thomas
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Black and Decker Inc
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Black and Decker Inc
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D61/00Tools for sawing machines or sawing devices; Clamping devices for these tools
    • B23D61/12Straight saw blades; Strap saw blades
    • B23D61/121Types of set; Variable teeth, e.g. variable in height or gullet depth; Varying pitch; Details of gullet
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/929Tool or tool with support
    • Y10T83/9319Toothed blade or tooth therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/929Tool or tool with support
    • Y10T83/9319Toothed blade or tooth therefor
    • Y10T83/9346Uniformly varying teeth or tooth spacing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/929Tool or tool with support
    • Y10T83/9319Toothed blade or tooth therefor
    • Y10T83/935Plural tooth groups
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/929Tool or tool with support
    • Y10T83/9319Toothed blade or tooth therefor
    • Y10T83/9358Series of dissimilar teeth
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/929Tool or tool with support
    • Y10T83/9319Toothed blade or tooth therefor
    • Y10T83/9367Teeth having cutting edge perpendicular to blade surface

Abstract

A reciprocating saw has a tooth form that decreases the cutting time of the saw blade and extends the life of the saw blade. The tooth height is longer than conventional metal cutting reciprocating saws. Also, the tooth form has a larger gullet. The tooth rake angle remains substantially constant during the life of the saw blade.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0001]
    The present invention relates to saw blades and, more particularly, to a tooth form for reciprocating saw blades.
  • [0002]
    Reciprocating saws are utilized to cut metallic and wooden materials. Ordinarily, when utilizing a reciprocating saw blade, the user generally looks at various aspects of the saw blade. When choosing a reciprocating saw blade, the user considers the expectant life of the saw blade; how many cuts before saw blade replacement occurs. Secondly, the user is concerned with the speed of the saw blade, how fast the saw blade cuts through the material. Next the user considers the durability of the saw blade; how long it will last under normal wear and tear. Finally, the user is concerned with the accuracy of the saw blade; how well will the saw blade follow its intended line of cut.
  • [0003]
    The present invention provides the art with a reciprocating saw blade utilized for cutting a metallic material. The saw blade increases the life of the saw blade as well as the speed of cut of the saw blade.
  • [0004]
    According to the present invention, a reciprocating saw blade comprises a rake cut face having a first end forming a tip and a second end being continuous with the first gullet. A relief face extends from the tip of the rake face and is continuous with a second gullet. The rake face defines a relief angle of between about 38° to about 42°. The rake face and the relief face define an included angle of about 45° to about 50°. The rake face has a desired tooth depth wherein the tooth depth is about 30% to 47% of the maximum gullet depth and about 18% to 26% of a pitch length. The first and second gullet have a radius of about 52% to 55% of the maximum gullet depth. Also, the rake face has an angle from about 0° to about 3°. The relief angle is about 40° and the included angle is about 50°.
  • [0005]
    According to a second aspect of the invention, reciprocating blade has a plurality of teeth comprising said teeth having a tooth form including a rake face with a first end forming a tip and a second end being continuously with the first gullet. A relief face extend from the tip of the rake face and is continuous with the second gullet. The relief face defines a relief angle of between about 38° to about 42°. The rake face and the relief face define an included angle from about 45° to 50°. The rake face has a desired tooth depth such that the tooth depth is about 30% to 47% of a maximum gullet depth and about 18% to 26% of the pitch depth. The saw blade includes set and unset teeth wherein the unset tooth is considered a raker tooth.
  • [0006]
    From the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the attached drawings and claims, other objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0007]
    The present invention will become more fully understood from the detailed description and the accompanying drawings, wherein:
  • [0008]
    FIG. 1 is a side view of a reciprocating saw blade in accordance with the present invention.
  • [0009]
    FIG. 2 is an enlarged side view of a tooth form in accordance with the present invention.
  • [0010]
    FIG. 3 is an enlarged top plan view of a portion of the saw blade of FIG. 1.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
  • [0011]
    Turning to the figures, a reciprocating saw blade is illustrated and designated with the reference numeral 10. The saw blade 10 includes a body 12, a connecting portion 14, and a cutting portion 16. The cutting portion 16 includes a plurality of teeth 18. The teeth 18 can have a raker style set wherein a first tooth is neutral or in the plane of the body with a second tooth offset to the left and a third tooth offset to the right with a repeating pattern as seen in FIG. 3.
  • [0012]
    Turning to FIG. 2, an enlarged tooth form is illustrated. The tooth 18 has a rake face 22 and a relief face 24. The rake face 22 is ordinarily perpendicular to the horizon and thus is a zero angle rake face. However, the rake angle may be modified up to a 3° rake face angle. The rake face 22 or land has a tooth depth identified by the numeral 26. The relief face 24 is defined by a relief angle α of between 38°-42°. Preferably, the relief angle is about 40°. The relief face 24 is continuous with a curved portion 28 of the gullet 30.
  • [0013]
    The tooth form has a desired included angle β of between 45° to 50°. The included angle β preferably is between 47° to 50°. The increase in the included angle provides the tooth with additional mass which, in turn, increases the strength of the tooth.
  • [0014]
    The gullet 30 has a radius defined by the numeral 32. The tooth depth 26 and the gullet radius 32 defines the maximum gullet depth or tooth height 34. The pitch, designated with the reference numeral 36, is the distance between the tips of adjacent teeth.
  • [0015]
    Rake length 26 is a length from the tip of the tooth 18 to the curved portion 32 of the gullet 30. Rake length 26 has a length from about 30% to about 50% hgof the tooth height or maximum gullet depth. Preferably, the tooth depth is between 38% to 46% of the tooth height or maximum gullet depth.
  • [0016]
    The gullet deepest point, defined by radius 32, has a length between 50% to 55% of the length of the tooth height or maximum gullet depth 34. Preferably, the radius 32 length is between 52% to 55% of the length of the tooth height or maximum gullet length. Also, the radius 32 is between 20% to 27% of the length of the pitch 36. Preferably, the radius 32 is about 27% of the length of the pitch 36.
  • [0017]
    The tooth design has a second radius 28 starting on the maximum depth of the gullet to the relief face. This radius increases the material on the tooth base, reduces stress and adds durability to the tooth.
  • [0018]
    The present tooth form is longer than current teeth forms used for metal cutting reciprocating blades. The tooth depth length is between 45% to 55% of the length of the pitch length. Preferably, the tooth depth has a length between 49% to 52% of the pitch length. Also, the gullet has a larger area and a more round arc than current teeth forms used for metal cutting reciprocating blades.
  • [0019]
    The present design has teeth that are longer than the prior art. Likewise, by having a constant rake face angle, the present invention provides a constant cutting angle over the life of the saw blade. Also, by having the desired relief angle, the saw blade of the present invention has a deeper penetration into the material it is cutting. Also, the present design has a larger gullet area than the prior art design. The larger gullet area enables the present invention to eject chips faster from the cutting area which, in turn, enables the blade to cut faster. This combined with the longer tooth at the desired angles provides a saw blade that cuts faster and has a longer life.
  • [0020]
    The reciprocating saw blades of the present invention are preferably heat treated. The heat treating is such that the blades are heat treated for between 5-25 minutes at temperatures between 1950-2200F. This provides a desired carbide micro-structure in the saw blade. Preferably, the exposure time is 10-20 minutes at a temperature of between 2100-2150F. Ordinarily, the blades are tempered at least two or more times at a desired tempering temperature.
  • [0021]
    The present reciprocating saw blade increases the cuts per blade. Also, the present saw blade decreases the cutting time through a particular metal material. Further, the present invention reduces the wear slope of the tooth of the saw blade. This means that during use, as the teeth wear, the slope or rake face angle of the tooth form varies less from its original slope than currently available reciprocating saw blades.
  • [0022]
    While the above detailed description provides the preferred embodiments of the present invention, those skilled in the art will appreciate that variation, alteration and modifications are possible without deviating from the scope and spirit of the present invention.

Claims (13)

  1. 1. (canceled)
  2. 2. The reciprocating saw blade according to claim 12 wherein said first and second gullets are defined by a radius, the radius has a length having a radius of about 52% to about 55% of the maximum gullet depth.
  3. 3. The reciprocating saw blade according to claim 12 wherein said rake face angle is from about 0° to about 3°.
  4. 4. The reciprocating saw blade according to claim 12 wherein said relief angle is about 40°.
  5. 5. The reciprocating saw blade according to claim 4 wherein said included angle is about 50°.
  6. 6. The reciprocating saw blade according to claim 5 wherein said rake face angle is about 0°.
  7. 7. The reciprocating saw blade according to claim 4 wherein said included angle is about 47°.
  8. 8. The reciprocating saw blade according to claim 7 wherein said rake angle is about 3°.
  9. 9. (canceled)
  10. 10. The reciprocating saw blade according to claim 13 wherein the saw blade includes set and unset teeth.
  11. 11. The reciprocating saw blade according to claim 13 wherein said saw blade includes a raker tooth.
  12. 12. A reciprocating saw blade tooth form comprising:
    a rake face and a relief face, said rake face intersecting said relief face at a tip of said tooth form;
    said rake face extending from said tip to a first gullet, said rake face being continuous with said gullet;
    said relief face extending from said tip to a second gullet, said relief face continuous with said second gullet, said relief face being on an angle with respect to a horizontal plane at the intersection of said relief face and said rake face, said angle defining a relief angle;
    said rake face being on an angle with respect to a vertical plane at the intersection of said relief face and said rake face, said angle defining a rake angle;
    an included angle is defined as the angle between the relief face and the rake face;
    a tooth depth is a distance from said tip to the intersection of said rake face and said first gullet;
    a maximum gullet depth is a distance from said tip to the bottom of the first gullet;
    a pitch length is a distance between adjacent tips; and
    said relief angle being between about 38° to about 42°, said included angle being from about 45° to about 50° and said tooth depth being about 30% to about 47% of the maximum gullet depth and about 18% to about 26% of the pitch length wherein said tooth form enables better chip ejection which enables faster cutting of the blade.
  13. 13. A reciprocating saw blade having a plurality of teeth, comprising:
    said teeth each having a tooth form including:
    a rake face and a relief face, said rake face intersecting said relief face at a tip of said tooth form;
    said rake face extending from said tip to a first gullet, said rake face being continuous with said gullet;
    said relief face extending from said tip to a second gullet, said relief face continuous with said second gullet, said relief face being on an angle with respect to a horizontal plane at the intersection of said relief face and said rake face, said angle defining a relief angle;
    said rake face being on an angle with respect to a vertical plane at the intersection of said relief face and said rake face, said angle defining a rake angle;
    an included angle is defined as the angle between the relief face and the rake face;
    a tooth depth is a distance from said tip to the intersection of said rake face and said first gullet;
    a maximum gullet depth is a distance from said tip to the bottom of the first gullet;
    a pitch length is a distance between adjacent tips; and
    said relief angle being between about 38° to about 42°, said included angle being from about 45° to about 50° and said tooth depth being about 30% to about 47% of the maximum gullet depth and about 18% to about 26% of the pitch length wherein said tooth form enables better chip ejection which enables faster cutting of the blade.
US11023097 2004-12-22 2004-12-22 Tooth form design for reciprocating saw blade Active US7225714B2 (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11023097 US7225714B2 (en) 2004-12-22 2004-12-22 Tooth form design for reciprocating saw blade
PCT/US2005/009879 WO2005096949B1 (en) 2004-03-26 2005-03-24 Tooth form design for reciprocating saw blade
EP20050731590 EP1727470A4 (en) 2004-03-26 2005-03-24 Tooth form design for reciprocating saw blade
CA 2529240 CA2529240A1 (en) 2004-12-22 2005-12-07 Tooth form design for reciprocating saw blade
EP20050111913 EP1674184A1 (en) 2004-12-22 2005-12-09 Reciprocating saw blade

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US20060130628A1 true true US20060130628A1 (en) 2006-06-22
US7225714B2 US7225714B2 (en) 2007-06-05

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US20030051593A1 (en) * 2000-12-20 2003-03-20 Martin Kocher Saw blade
USD642028S1 (en) 2010-05-21 2011-07-26 Irwin Industrial Tool Company Reciprocating saw blade
US8210081B2 (en) 2007-06-12 2012-07-03 Irwin Industrial Tool Company Reciprocating saw blade having variable-height teeth and related method
WO2012121994A1 (en) 2011-03-07 2012-09-13 Infusion Brands, Inc. Dual blade reciprocating saw
USD725450S1 (en) * 2013-11-13 2015-03-31 Irwin Industrial Tool Company Reciprocating saw blade
USD732914S1 (en) * 2013-11-13 2015-06-30 Irwin Industrial Tool Company Reciprocating saw blade
US9248518B2 (en) 2010-06-30 2016-02-02 Irwin Industrial Tool Company Saw blade tooth form for abusive cutting applications
US9375796B2 (en) 2010-05-07 2016-06-28 Irwin Industrial Tool Company Saw blade with robust tooth form
USD764247S1 (en) * 2015-04-17 2016-08-23 Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation Saw blade
US9757807B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2017-09-12 Irwin Industrial Tool Company Reciprocating saw blade with curved cutting edge

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JP5508531B2 (en) * 2009-07-27 2014-06-04 アーウィン インダストリアル トゥール カンパニー Single Level dressing patterns and methods associated with the saw blade and it follows the pitch pattern 併含 the multilevel dressing pattern
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CA2749666C (en) 2010-08-20 2014-07-15 Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation Reciprocating saw blade
CA2755468A1 (en) 2010-10-18 2012-04-18 Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation Clamp meter with detachable clamp and clamp storage area
US20120224929A1 (en) * 2011-03-01 2012-09-06 Anderson James R Cylindrical cutter
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US9731365B2 (en) 2011-12-07 2017-08-15 Irwin Industrial Tool Company Saw blade with tooth form projection
US20130174701A1 (en) * 2012-01-06 2013-07-11 Asif Elliston Double-Sided Reciprocating Saw Blade and Related Method
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JP5903345B2 (en) * 2012-07-17 2016-04-13 株式会社アマダホールディングス We saw blade each tooth optimal placement method and saw blade
US9751134B2 (en) 2012-07-18 2017-09-05 Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation Toothform for a cutting tool, such as a hole saw
US9370834B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2016-06-21 Irwin Industrial Tool Company Saw blade with feed limiter
US9662725B2 (en) * 2013-03-15 2017-05-30 Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation Saw blade and system and method for manufacturing a saw blade
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US20030051593A1 (en) * 2000-12-20 2003-03-20 Martin Kocher Saw blade
US7806033B2 (en) * 2000-12-20 2010-10-05 Scintilla Ag Saw blade
US8210081B2 (en) 2007-06-12 2012-07-03 Irwin Industrial Tool Company Reciprocating saw blade having variable-height teeth and related method
US9375796B2 (en) 2010-05-07 2016-06-28 Irwin Industrial Tool Company Saw blade with robust tooth form
USD642028S1 (en) 2010-05-21 2011-07-26 Irwin Industrial Tool Company Reciprocating saw blade
USD693661S1 (en) 2010-05-21 2013-11-19 Irwin Industrial Tool Company Reciprocating saw blade
USD714602S1 (en) 2010-05-21 2014-10-07 Irwin Industrial Tool Company Reciprocating saw blade
US9248518B2 (en) 2010-06-30 2016-02-02 Irwin Industrial Tool Company Saw blade tooth form for abusive cutting applications
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USD732914S1 (en) * 2013-11-13 2015-06-30 Irwin Industrial Tool Company Reciprocating saw blade
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