US20050281736A1 - Process and burner for hydrocarbon partial oxidation - Google Patents

Process and burner for hydrocarbon partial oxidation Download PDF

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Publication number
US20050281736A1
US20050281736A1 US11150984 US15098405A US2005281736A1 US 20050281736 A1 US20050281736 A1 US 20050281736A1 US 11150984 US11150984 US 11150984 US 15098405 A US15098405 A US 15098405A US 2005281736 A1 US2005281736 A1 US 2005281736A1
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Prior art keywords
chamber
gaseous
mixing
cylindrical
pipe
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US11150984
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Gianfranco Bedetti
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Casale Chemicals SA
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Casale Chemicals SA
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D14/00Burners for combustion of a gas, e.g. of a gas stored under pressure as a liquid
    • F23D14/02Premix gas burners, i.e. in which gaseous fuel is mixed with combustion air upstream of the combustion zone
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C01BNON-METALLIC ELEMENTS; COMPOUNDS THEREOF; METALLOIDS OR COMPOUNDS THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASS C01C
    • C01B3/00Hydrogen; Gaseous mixtures containing hydrogen; Separation of hydrogen from mixtures containing it; Purification of hydrogen
    • C01B3/02Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing a substantial proportion of hydrogen
    • C01B3/32Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing a substantial proportion of hydrogen by reaction of gaseous or liquid organic compounds with gasifying agents, e.g. water, carbon dioxide, air
    • C01B3/34Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing a substantial proportion of hydrogen by reaction of gaseous or liquid organic compounds with gasifying agents, e.g. water, carbon dioxide, air by reaction of hydrocarbons with gasifying agents
    • C01B3/36Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing a substantial proportion of hydrogen by reaction of gaseous or liquid organic compounds with gasifying agents, e.g. water, carbon dioxide, air by reaction of hydrocarbons with gasifying agents using oxygen or mixtures containing oxygen as gasifying agents
    • C01B3/363Production of hydrogen or of gaseous mixtures containing a substantial proportion of hydrogen by reaction of gaseous or liquid organic compounds with gasifying agents, e.g. water, carbon dioxide, air by reaction of hydrocarbons with gasifying agents using oxygen or mixtures containing oxygen as gasifying agents characterised by the burner used
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23LAIR SUPPLY; DRAUGHT-INDUCING; SUPPLYING NON-COMBUSTIBLE LIQUID OR GAS
    • F23L7/00Supplying non-combustible liquids or gases, other than air, to the fire, e.g. oxygen, steam
    • F23L7/002Supplying water
    • F23L7/005Evaporated water; Steam
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C01BNON-METALLIC ELEMENTS; COMPOUNDS THEREOF; METALLOIDS OR COMPOUNDS THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASS C01C
    • C01B2203/00Integrated processes for the production of hydrogen or synthesis gas
    • C01B2203/02Processes for making hydrogen or synthesis gas
    • C01B2203/025Processes for making hydrogen or synthesis gas containing a partial oxidation step
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C01BNON-METALLIC ELEMENTS; COMPOUNDS THEREOF; METALLOIDS OR COMPOUNDS THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASS C01C
    • C01B2203/00Integrated processes for the production of hydrogen or synthesis gas
    • C01B2203/02Processes for making hydrogen or synthesis gas
    • C01B2203/025Processes for making hydrogen or synthesis gas containing a partial oxidation step
    • C01B2203/0255Processes for making hydrogen or synthesis gas containing a partial oxidation step containing a non-catalytic partial oxidation step
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C01BNON-METALLIC ELEMENTS; COMPOUNDS THEREOF; METALLOIDS OR COMPOUNDS THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASS C01C
    • C01B2203/00Integrated processes for the production of hydrogen or synthesis gas
    • C01B2203/12Feeding the process for making hydrogen or synthesis gas
    • C01B2203/1205Composition of the feed
    • C01B2203/1211Organic compounds or organic mixtures used in the process for making hydrogen or synthesis gas
    • C01B2203/1235Hydrocarbons
    • C01B2203/1241Natural gas or methane
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C01BNON-METALLIC ELEMENTS; COMPOUNDS THEREOF; METALLOIDS OR COMPOUNDS THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASS C01C
    • C01B2203/00Integrated processes for the production of hydrogen or synthesis gas
    • C01B2203/12Feeding the process for making hydrogen or synthesis gas
    • C01B2203/1276Mixing of different feed components
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D2214/00Cooling
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/30Hydrogen technology
    • Y02E60/32Hydrogen storage
    • Y02E60/324Reversible uptake of hydrogen by an appropriate medium

Abstract

A hydrocarbon partial oxidation process for obtaining gaseous mixtures comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide is carried out through a burner (10) comprising a mixing chamber (12) that has an inner side wall (12 a) extending between at least one inlet opening (23, 23 a) and an outlet opening (24), independent gaseous flows of hydrocarbons and oxygen, respectively, being continuously fed into said mixing chamber (12) to form a gaseous mixture advancing towards said outlet opening (24) to be fed into a combustion chamber (14) of the gaseous mixture itself; into said mixing chamber (12) and substantially in contact with the inner side wall (12 a) thereof, a flow of an inert fluid is also fed in equicurrent to said gaseous mixture, with formation of a respective annular flow of inert fluid, enveloping said gaseous mixture from which it is substantially separated by a respective inner limit layer, said annular flow of inert fluid having, at said limit layer, an advancing speed at least equal to the speed of propagation of the flame in said gaseous mixture.

Description

    FIELD OF APPLICATION
  • [0001]
    The present invention refers to a hydrocarbon partial oxidation process for obtaining gaseous mixtures comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide like, for example, synthesis gas, combustible gas or reduction gas.
  • [0002]
    In particular, the present invention refers to a hydrocarbon partial oxidation process through a burner comprising a mixing chamber that has an inner side wall extending between at least one inlet opening and an outlet opening, independent gaseous flows of hydrocarbons and oxygen, respectively, being continuously fed into said mixing chamber to form a gaseous mixture advancing towards said outlet opening to be fed into a combustion chamber of the gaseous mixture itself.
  • [0003]
    In the rest of the description and in the subsequent claims, with the term “hydrocarbons” we mean to generically indicate a hydrocarbon or mixtures of hydrocarbons that can be saturated and/or unsaturated, light and/or heavy (for example C1-C6); with the term “gaseous flow of hydrocarbons”, on the other hand, we mean to indicate a fluid comprising gaseous hydrocarbons, such as the methane or the natural gas, or else a gaseous flow comprising solid fuels in suspension (for example coal slack or carbon-black) or furthermore a gaseous flow comprising liquid hydrocarbons in dispersion (for example light or heavy hydrocarbons such as the naphtha and the fuel oil).
  • PRIOR ART
  • [0004]
    As known, to obtain synthesis gases or other similar gaseous mixtures comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide (which are used for example in the production of ammonia and methanol) through hydrocarbon partial oxidation carried out with suitably structured burners, there is an ever increasing requirement to realize a high-yield process, which is easy to carry out and does not require high energy consumption and operating costs.
  • [0005]
    In order to satisfy the aforementioned requirement, processes are generally used according to which the gaseous flows comprising oxygen and hydrocarbons, respectively, are fed and made to react for the desired partial oxidation of the hydrocarbons, in a combustion chamber, also known as gassifier, where a flame forms. Structurally, the burner is at least partially inserted into the gassifier.
  • [0006]
    In accordance with the prior art, the axial speed of feeding of the two gaseous flows into the burner must be sufficiently high to prevent the flame from returning towards the burner.
  • [0007]
    Although advantageous from various points of view, the partial oxidation processes of hydrocarbons according to this prior art, i.e. that of so-called diffusion burners, have recognized drawbacks, including, in particular, a production of carbon-black due to a substantial pyrolization of those hydrocarbons that, in the combustion chamber, come into contact and mix with the hot gases produced by the combustion, before being able to be suitably mixed with oxygen.
  • [0008]
    Moreover, the production of carbon-black in the combustion chamber has a negative influence both on the global yield of the oxidation process intended to be realized, with particular reference to the smaller amount of hydrogen and carbon monoxide that can be obtained per unit of burnt hydrocarbon, and on the operation of the plants downstream of the gassifier. Indeed, it is necessary to separate the carbon-black from the reaction products to prevent, for example, it from dirtying apparatuses downstream of the gassifier, such as a possible boiler or a possible catalyst (with the result of poisoning it).
  • [0009]
    Resulting from this, for such a separation, there is a need for a whole series of operating steps that involve relative energetic consumption, high complexity of the plant and high maintenance costs.
  • [0010]
    In order to overcome the aforementioned drawbacks, partial oxidation processes of hydrocarbons have been adopted that allow the production of carbon-black to be reduced, but they have the major disadvantage of having to operate in the combustion chamber with very high temperatures (in the order of 1300-1400° C.), therefore with high oxygen consumption, a consequent low conversion yield and high operating costs.
  • [0011]
    In the prior art processes have also been researched in which the gaseous flows comprising oxygen and hydrocarbons, respectively, are preliminarily intimately mixed in a mixing chamber provided in the burner itself, before their entry into the combustion chamber, so as to avoid the formation of carbon-black.
  • [0012]
    However, this type of solution (burners with premixing) has never been realized with hydrocarbon gaseous flows because this involves a recognized and very serious drawback, i.e. the high risk of the flame returning towards the mixing chamber itself of the burner.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0013]
    The problem underlying the present invention is that of providing a process for hydrocarbon partial oxidation, capable of satisfying the requirement outlined above, at the same time overcoming the quoted drawbacks with reference to the prior art in a simple and cost-effective way.
  • [0014]
    This problem is solved, according to the present invention, by a hydrocarbon partial oxidation process through a burner comprising a mixing chamber that has an inner side wall extending between at least one inlet opening and an outlet opening, independent gaseous flows of hydrocarbons and oxygen, respectively, being continuously fed into said mixing chamber to form a gaseous mixture advancing towards said outlet opening to be fed into a combustion chamber of the gaseous mixture itself, characterized in that, into said mixing chamber and substantially in contact with the inner side wall thereof, a flow of an inert fluid is also fed in equicurrent to said gaseous mixture, with formation of a respective annular flow of inert fluid, enveloping said gaseous mixture from which it is substantially separated by a respective inner limit layer, said annular flow of inert fluid having, at said limit layer, an advancing speed at least equal to the speed of propagation of the flame in said gaseous mixture.
  • [0015]
    Further characteristics and the advantages of the process for hydrocarbon partial oxidation according to the present invention shall become clearer from the description, made hereafter, of a preferred embodiment thereof, given for indicating and not limiting purposes, with reference to the attached drawings.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0016]
    FIG. 1 schematically represents a longitudinal section of a burner for hydrocarbon partial oxidation according to the present invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
  • [0017]
    With reference to the FIGURE, a burner for hydrocarbon partial oxidation, for obtaining gaseous mixtures comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide, in accordance with the present invention is shown and it is globally indicated with 10.
  • [0018]
    Said burner 10 is at least partially inserted into a combustion chamber 14 of a gassifier, per se conventional and therefore not represented in detail, and comprises a mixing chamber 12 that is in fluid communication with the combustion chamber 14.
  • [0019]
    The mixing chamber 12 has an inner side wall 12 a extending between an inlet opening 23 and an outlet opening 24. Independent gaseous flows of hydrocarbons and oxygen, respectively, are continuously fed into said mixing chamber 12 to form a gaseous mixture advancing towards said outlet opening 24 to be fed into said combustion chamber 14 of the gaseous mixture itself. More specifically, the independent gaseous flows are fed into the mixing chamber 12 from an inlet opening 23 and from a further inlet opening 23 a, arranged in an intermediate position between said inlet opening 23 and said outlet opening 24, preferably close to the inlet opening 23 as is shown in the example of the FIGURE. Alternatively, the further inlet opening 23 a can be arranged, in the burner 10, at the same height as the inlet opening 23.
  • [0020]
    Preferably, the inlet opening 23 feeds the flow of oxygen whereas the inlet opening 23 a feeds the flow of hydrocarbon.
  • [0021]
    Going into greater detail, the combustion chamber 14 is defined by a wall 15 that is equipped with a circular opening 16 in which a cylindrical body 18 of the burner 10 is partially inserted. The cylindrical body 18 is fixed to the circular opening 16 of the wall 15 through a flange 20, arranged outside the cylindrical body 18.
  • [0022]
    The cylindrical body 18 at one end 22 defines said mixing chamber 12 that is cylindrical-shaped, with cylindrical side wall 12 a, said end 22 being the end of the cylindrical body 18 inserted into the combustion chamber 14. The end 22 has said outlet opening 24 that puts said mixing chamber 12 in communication with said combustion chamber 14.
  • [0023]
    A duct 26 carrying oxygen and a duct 28 carrying hydrocarbons are connected to the two inlet openings 23 and 23 a of the mixing chamber 12, respectively. More specifically, the two ducts 26 and 28 are substantially two cylindrical pipes, inner 30 and outer 32, coaxial and concentric, contained in the cylindrical body 18: the inner pipe 30 feeds oxygen and the annular interspace between the two inner 30 and outer 32 pipes feeds hydrocarbons.
  • [0024]
    In particular, in accordance with an advantageous aspect of the present invention, such a mixing chamber 12 is also fed by a duct 34 carrying inert fluid. More precisely, the duct 34 is arranged in such a way that the inert fluid licks said side wall 12 a of the mixing chamber 12.
  • [0025]
    In the present application, by inert fluid we mean a fluid that prevents the generation and propagation of the flame, in the combustion operative conditions present in the gassifier. Preferably a gas like steam is used. Other gases, like for example pure gases (for example nitrogen or methane or oxygen), or mixtures of gases that have the aforementioned characteristic can be used.
  • [0026]
    Preferably, the flow of inert fluid is fed close to the outlet opening 24 of the mixing chamber 12.
  • [0027]
    Preferably, the duct 34 carrying inert fluid is substantially a cylindrical pipe 36, arranged coaxially and concentrically with the outer pipe 32 and contained in the cylindrical body 18: the annular interspace between the cylindrical pipe 36 and the outer pipe 32 feeds the inert fluid.
  • [0028]
    Advantageously, the cylindrical pipe 36 constitutes the inner side wall of the cylindrical body 18, an end portion of the side wall 12 a of the mixing chamber 12 being formed by a portion of cylindrical pipe 36 that is situated close to the opening 24 of the cylindrical body 18: said portion of cylindrical pipe 36 defines a cylindrical portion 38 of the mixing chamber 12.
  • [0029]
    The outer pipe 32, which, as stated, is coaxial to the cylindrical pipe 36, is shorter than the cylindrical pipe 36.
  • [0030]
    Moreover, the inner pipe 30, which, as stated, is coaxial to the outer pipe 32, is shorter than the outer pipe 32.
  • [0031]
    Since, as stated, the inner pipe 30 feeds the oxygen and the interspace between the two inner 30 and outer 32 pipes feeds the hydrocarbons, a further cylindrical portion 38 a of mixing chamber 12 is formed between the end of the inner pipe 30 and the end of the outer pipe 32, defined by a portion of outer pipe 32.
  • [0032]
    Preferably, in the end portion of the inner pipe 30, in the end portion of the interspace between inner pipe 30 and outer pipe 32 and in the end portion of the interspace between outer pipe 32 and cylindrical pipe 36, per se known swirlers 40, 42 and 44 are respectively provided. In practice, the end of the swirler 40 constitutes the inlet opening 23 and the end of the swirler 42 constitutes the further inlet opening 23 a.
  • [0033]
    It should also be specified that, in the wall of the pipe 36 that defines the portion of cylindrical body 18 inserted in the combustion chamber 14, a cylindrical recess 46 is advantageously provided, in fluid communication with an inlet fitting 48 and an outlet fitting 50 of a cooling fluid.
  • [0034]
    The inlet 48 and outlet fitting 50 are arranged outside of the combustion chamber 14 and in the cylindrical recess 46 a cylindrical baffle 52 is provided that defines two coaxial and concentric inner and outer cylindrical chambers 54 and 56, in fluid communication with each other and, respectively, with the inlet fitting 48 and with the outlet fitting 50. Advantageously, the cylindrical chamber 54 defines a portion of the inner side wall of the cylindrical body 18, and in particular defines the duct 34 carrying inert fluid and the end portion of the side wall 12 a of the mixing chamber 12.
  • [0035]
    It should also be specified that the opening 24 is circular and that it is formed by the end 22 of the cylindrical body 18, which is preferably tapered towards the centre.
  • [0036]
    The operation of the burner for hydrocarbon partial oxidation according to the invention is specified hereafter.
  • [0037]
    In short, a hydrocarbon partial oxidation process according to the invention, through a burner 10 comprising a mixing chamber 12 that has an inner side wall 12 a extending between at least one inlet opening 23 and an outlet opening 24, comprises the continuous feeding into said mixing chamber 12 of independent gaseous flows of hydrocarbons and oxygen, respectively, to form a gaseous mixture advancing towards said outlet opening 24 to be fed into a combustion chamber 14 of the gaseous mixture itself.
  • [0038]
    According to an aspect of the present invention, the process also comprises a step of feeding, into said mixing chamber 12 and substantially in contact with the inner side wall 12 a thereof, of a flow of an inert fluid in equicurrent to said gaseous mixture, with formation of a respective annular flow of inert.
  • [0039]
    This annular flow envelops said gaseous mixture and it is substantially separated from it by a respective inner limit layer. The annular flow of inert has, at said limit layer, an advancing speed at least equal to the speed of propagation of the flame in said gaseous mixture.
  • [0040]
    In other words, the gaseous mixture that advances in the mixing chamber 12 towards the combustion chamber 14 has a substantially parabolic speed profile, with maximum advancing speed substantially at the centre of the mixing chamber 12 and substantially zero speed at the inner side wall 12 a of said mixing chamber 12.
  • [0041]
    In the combustion chamber 14 the gaseous mixture is made to react, obtaining a flame and a gaseous flow comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide, said flame having a predetermined speed of propagation in a saturated environment of said gaseous mixture.
  • [0042]
    In practice, the flow of inert fluid licks said side wall 12 a of the mixing chamber 12 up to a determined distance from said side wall 12 a, i.e. up to a distance that corresponds to the aforementioned inner limit layer.
  • [0043]
    The flow of inert fluid has substantially zero speed at the side wall 12 a of said mixing chamber 12 and increasing speed in a substantially parabolic manner as one moves away from the side wall 12 a up to a maximum speed of said inert fluid at said determined distance from the side wall 12 a, i.e. at the distance of the inner limit layer.
  • [0044]
    The gaseous mixture thus takes on a substantially parabolic speed profile, with maximum advancing speed substantially at the centre of the mixing chamber 12 and minimum speed substantially equal to said maximum speed of the inert fluid at said predetermined distance from the side wall 12 a: said maximum speed of the inert fluid, according to the invention, is greater than said speed of propagation of the flame.
  • [0045]
    More specifically, the flow of oxygen, which is fed from the inner pipe 30, mixes in the further portion 38 a of mixing chamber 12 with the flow of hydrocarbons.
  • [0046]
    The mixing speed is increased by feeding the flow of hydrocarbons and the flow of oxygen at substantially the same axial speed. The flows of hydrocarbons and oxygen respectively cross the swirlers 40 and 42, which give each of the two flows helical motion, in opposite directions with respect to each other.
  • [0047]
    Preferably, the opposite helical motions have momentum of momentum of substantially the same value: in this way, the mixed flow shall advantageously just have the axial speed component.
  • [0048]
    Alternatively, it is possible to provide just one of the swirlers 40 and 42, consequently giving helical motion to just one flow.
  • [0049]
    Leaving the further portion 38 a of mixing chamber 12, the gaseous mixture thus obtained has a substantially parabolic speed profile, with maximum advancing speed substantially at the centre of the further portion 38 a of mixing chamber 12 and substantially zero speed at the outer pipe 32.
  • [0050]
    The gaseous mixture then enters into the portion 38 of the mixing chamber 12, where the flow of inert fluid coming from the interspace between outer pipe 32 and cylindrical pipe 36 is fed.
  • [0051]
    In the case in which the swirler 44 is provided, helical motion is given to the flow of inert fluid.
  • [0052]
    However, the flow of inert fluid has a speed profile that, starting from substantially zero speed at the side wall 12 a, increases up to a maximum speed of the inert fluid at a determined distance from the side wall 12 a: such a distance varies according to the operating conditions of the speeds used and can, for example, be between 0.5 and 3 mm, preferably between 1 and 2 mm.
  • [0053]
    In the portion 38 of the mixing chamber 12, the gaseous mixture takes on a substantially parabolic speed profile, with maximum advancing speed substantially at the centre of the portion 38 and speed substantially equal to the maximum speed of the contiguous flow of inert fluid at the predetermined distance from the side wall 12 a.
  • [0054]
    In other words, according to the invention, the gaseous mixture is surrounded, in the annular zone in contact with the side wall 12 a of the mixing chamber 12, by the aforementioned annular flow that advances in the same direction as the gaseous mixture.
  • [0055]
    According to the invention, it is necessary that everywhere the maximum speed of the inert fluid is greater than the speed of propagation of the flame, so as to preclude the possibility of the flame generated in the combustion chamber 14 from propagating towards the mixing chamber 12. In the aforementioned conditions, the flame that develops in the combustion chamber 14 cannot develop in the mixing chamber 12 precisely because the gaseous mixture that can burn has a greater speed than the speed of propagation of the flame.
  • [0056]
    The main advantage achieved by the process for hydrocarbon partial oxidation of the present invention lies precisely in the fact of preventing the return of the flame into the burner with premixing. In other words, with the present invention the very serious risk of the possible return of the flame, which up to now has prevented the use of burners with premixing, is overcome.
  • [0057]
    Of course, the man skilled in the art can bring numerous modifications and variants to the process for hydrocarbon partial oxidation described above in order to satisfy specific and contingent requirements, all of these modifications and variants in any case being covered by the scope of protection of the invention, as defined by the following claims.

Claims (18)

  1. 1. Hydrocarbon partial oxidation process for obtaining gaseous mixtures comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide, through a burner (10) comprising a mixing chamber (12) that has an inner side wall (12 a) extending between at least one inlet opening (23, 23 a) and an outlet opening (24), independent gaseous flows of hydrocarbons and oxygen, respectively, being continuously fed into said mixing chamber (12) to form a gaseous mixture advancing towards said outlet opening (24) to be fed into a combustion chamber (14) of the gaseous mixture itself, characterized in that, into said mixing chamber (12) and substantially in contact with the inner side wall (12 a) thereof, a flow of an inert fluid is also fed in equicurrent to said gaseous mixture, with formation of a respective annular flow of inert fluid, enveloping said gaseous mixture from which it is substantially separated by a respective inner limit layer, said annular flow of inert fluid having, at said limit layer, an advancing speed at least equal to the speed of propagation of the flame in said gaseous mixture.
  2. 2. Partial oxidation process according to claim 1, characterized in that the flow of inert fluid is fed close to the outlet opening (24) of the mixing chamber (12).
  3. 3. Partial oxidation process according to claim 1, characterized in that helical motion is given to the flow of inert fluid.
  4. 4. Partial oxidation process according to claim 1, characterized in that the flow of hydrocarbons and the flow of oxygen are fed at substantially the same axial speed.
  5. 5. Partial oxidation process according to claim 4, characterized in that helical motion is given to at least one among the flow of hydrocarbons and the flow of oxygen.
  6. 6. Partial oxidation process according to claim 5, characterized in that, to the flow of hydrocarbons and to the flow of oxygen, helical motions are given in opposite directions with respect to each other.
  7. 7. Partial oxidation process according to claim 6, characterized in that said opposite helical motions have substantially the same momentum of momentum values.
  8. 8. Partial oxidation process according to claim 1, characterized in that said inert fluid is steam.
  9. 9. Burner (10) for hydrocarbon partial oxidation, for obtaining gaseous mixtures comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide, of the type comprising a mixing chamber (12) in fluid communication with a combustion chamber (14), said mixing chamber (12) having an inner side wall (12 a) extending between at least one inlet opening (23) and an outlet opening (24), independent gaseous flows of hydrocarbons and oxygen, respectively, being continuously fed into said mixing chamber (12) to form a gaseous mixture advancing towards said outlet opening (24) to be fed into said combustion chamber (14) of the gaseous mixture itself, characterized in that, into said mixing chamber (12) and substantially in contact with the inner side wall (12 a) thereof, a flow of inert fluid is also fed in equicurrent to said gaseous mixture, so as to carry out the process of claim 1.
  10. 10. Burner (10) according to claim 9, characterized in that a duct (26) carrying oxygen and a duct (28) carrying hydrocarbons arrive in said mixing chamber (12), said two ducts (26, 28) being substantially two coaxial and concentric cylindrical pipes, inner (30) and outer (32), contained in a cylindrical body (18) of the burner (10).
  11. 11. Burner (10) according to claim 10, characterized in that the flow of inert fluid is fed into the mixing chamber (12) from a duct (34) that is substantially a cylindrical pipe (36), arranged coaxially and concentrically with the outer pipe (32) and contained in the cylindrical body (18).
  12. 12. Burner (10) according to claim 11, characterized in that said cylindrical pipe (36) constitutes the inner side wall of the cylindrical body (18), an end portion of the side wall (12 a) of the mixing chamber (12) being formed by a portion of cylindrical pipe (36) that is close to the outlet opening (24) of the cylindrical body (18).
  13. 13. Burner (10) according to claim 12, characterized in that the outer pipe (32), coaxial to the cylindrical pipe (36), is shorter than the cylindrical pipe (36), the annular interspace between the cylindrical pipe (36) and the outer pipe (32) feeding the inert fluid.
  14. 14. Burner (10) according to claim 13, characterized in that the inner pipe (30), coaxial to the outer pipe (32), is shorter than the outer pipe (32).
  15. 15. Burner (10) according to claim 14, characterized in that, in the end portion of the inner pipe (30), in the end portion of the interspace between inner pipe (30) and outer pipe (32) and in the end portion of the interspace between outer pipe (32) and cylindrical pipe (36), swirlers (40, 42, 44) are provided.
  16. 16. Burner (10) according to claim 14, characterized in that, in the wall of the cylindrical pipe (36) that defines the portion of cylindrical body (18) inserted in the combustion chamber (14), a cylindrical recess (46) is provided, in fluid communication with an inlet fitting (48) and an outlet fitting (50) of a cooling fluid.
  17. 17. Burner (10) according to claim 16, characterized in that said inlet fitting (48) and said outlet fitting (50) are arranged outside the combustion chamber (14) and in that, in the cylindrical recess (46), it is provided a cylindrical baffle (52) that defines two coaxial and concentric inner (54) and outer (56) cylindrical chambers, in fluid communication with each other and, respectively, with the inlet fitting (48) and with the outlet fitting (50).
  18. 18. Burner (10) according to claim 17, characterized in that the inner cylindrical chamber (54) defines the duct (34) carrying inert fluid and the end portion of the side wall (12 a) of the mixing chamber (12).
US11150984 2004-06-18 2005-06-13 Process and burner for hydrocarbon partial oxidation Abandoned US20050281736A1 (en)

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US20110265379A1 (en) * 2009-01-26 2011-11-03 Casale Chemicals S.A. Process and Burner for Production of Syngas from Hydrocarbons
US9519754B2 (en) 2010-06-11 2016-12-13 Optuminsight, Inc. Apparatuses and methods for parallel analytics
WO2017160492A1 (en) * 2016-03-15 2017-09-21 Jay Keller Non-premixed swirl burner tip and combustion strategy

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CN103776038B (en) * 2014-01-25 2016-01-06 陕西万丰能源环保科技有限公司 Multifunctional supercritical hydrothermal combustion apparatus

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US3232728A (en) * 1961-12-13 1966-02-01 Texaco Development Corp Synthesis gas generation
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20110265379A1 (en) * 2009-01-26 2011-11-03 Casale Chemicals S.A. Process and Burner for Production of Syngas from Hydrocarbons
US9519754B2 (en) 2010-06-11 2016-12-13 Optuminsight, Inc. Apparatuses and methods for parallel analytics
WO2017160492A1 (en) * 2016-03-15 2017-09-21 Jay Keller Non-premixed swirl burner tip and combustion strategy

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US20090053128A1 (en) 2009-02-26 application
CA2509800A1 (en) 2005-12-18 application
RU2005118815A (en) 2006-12-27 application
EP1607370B1 (en) 2011-08-10 grant
CN100588874C (en) 2010-02-10 grant
DK1607370T3 (en) 2011-11-21 grant
US7785491B2 (en) 2010-08-31 grant
CN1710331A (en) 2005-12-21 application
EP1607370A1 (en) 2005-12-21 application
RU2370703C2 (en) 2009-10-20 grant

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