US20050205615A1 - Nail tincture spray can - Google Patents

Nail tincture spray can Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20050205615A1
US20050205615A1 US11040537 US4053705A US2005205615A1 US 20050205615 A1 US20050205615 A1 US 20050205615A1 US 11040537 US11040537 US 11040537 US 4053705 A US4053705 A US 4053705A US 2005205615 A1 US2005205615 A1 US 2005205615A1
Authority
US
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
tincture
nail
spray
according
spray head
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US11040537
Inventor
Thomas Neubourg
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
NEUBOURG SKIN CARE & Co KG GmbH
Neubourg Skin Care GmbH and Co KG
Original Assignee
Neubourg Skin Care GmbH and Co KG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D83/00Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents
    • B65D83/14Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents for delivery of liquid or semi-liquid contents by internal gaseous pressure, i.e. aerosol containers comprising propellant for a product delivered by a propellant
    • B65D83/28Nozzles, nozzle fittings or accessories specially adapted therefor
    • B65D83/30Nozzles, nozzle fittings or accessories specially adapted therefor for guiding the flow of spray, e.g. funnels, hoods
    • B65D83/306Actuators formed as a rigid elongate spout
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K8/00Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations
    • A61K8/18Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition
    • A61K8/30Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic compounds
    • A61K8/40Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic compounds containing nitrogen
    • A61K8/42Amides
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K8/00Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations
    • A61K8/18Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition
    • A61K8/30Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic compounds
    • A61K8/49Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic compounds containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A61K8/494Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic compounds containing heterocyclic compounds with more than one nitrogen as the only hetero atom
    • A61K8/4946Imidazoles or their condensed derivatives, e.g. benzimidazoles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K8/00Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations
    • A61K8/18Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition
    • A61K8/96Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing materials, or derivatives thereof of undetermined constitution
    • A61K8/97Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing materials, or derivatives thereof of undetermined constitution from algae, fungi, lichens or plants; from derivatives thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61QSPECIFIC USE OF COSMETICS OR SIMILAR TOILET PREPARATIONS
    • A61Q3/00Manicure or pedicure preparations

Abstract

A spray can for nail tincture comprises a tincture container containing a nail-treatment tincture. The nail tincture includes an active ingredient, a care substance, a solvent and a propellant gas. The tincture container is sealed by a cover, with the cover carrying an outlet valve. For actuating the outlet valve, a spray head is mounted on the cover. The spray head has an outlet channel extending therethrough for conveyance of the tincture to the discharge orifice. To make it possible to apply nail tincture onto a nail, particularly a foot nail, in a well-aimed manner out of a larger distance, the invention provides that the outlet channel is connected to a tube piece.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to a nail tincture spray can for applying a nail tincture onto a nail infected by a fungus or the like. Further, the invention relates to a method of using a spray can for applying nail tincture to a nail.
  • For treatment of a nail, particularly a foot nail, which is infected by a fungus or the like, it is required to treat the nail with a nail tincture. The nail tincture can be applied e.g. by use of a brush. Treatment with the aid of a brush, however, will undesirably lead to contamination of the brush and thus possibly result in transmittal of the causative agent to other nails. Further, a pipette can be used for application of the nail tincture, which again involves the risk of contamination of the application tool, i.e. the tip of the pipette in this case. Further, the use of a brush or a pipette for applying the nail tincture is disadvantageously cumbersome, particularly for older patients, because the application of the nail tincture by means of a brush of a pipette will necessitate sufficient physical flexibility on the patient's part to allow the patient to apply the tincture on his own.
  • A further possibility for applying the nail tincture resides in the use of a spray can for application of the tincture by spraying it onto the nail. This, however, entails the disadvantage that the nail tincture will be atomized so that, in order to effect a well-aimed application of the nail tincture onto the infected site, the spray head must be advanced very close to the nail. Unfavorably, this circumstance will again render the process difficult particularly for older patients.
  • It is an object of the invention to provide a nail tincture spray can which makes it possible, particularly also for older patients, to apply nail tincture i onto foot nails in a simple and convenient manner.
  • According to the present invention, the above object is achieved by a nail tincture spray can according to claim 1 and a method of using a spray can for applying a nail tincture according to claim 12.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The nail tincture spray can according to the present invention comprises a tincture container accommodating the nail tincture. The nail tincture includes an active ingredient, a care substance, a solvent and a propellant gas. The tincture container, usually made of metal, is tightly sealed by a cover. The cover is e.g. formed with a metallic edge or is made completely of metal so that a tight connection of the tincture container with the cover can be realized by crimping the cover onto the container. The cover has an outlet valve arranged therein. The outlet valve can be provided as a small tube which, when pressed slightly into the tincture container, will cause an outlet orifice of the tincture container to be opened, thus allowing the tincture to flow out through this orifice. Further, the nail tincture spray can is provided with a spray head mounted to the cover or the outlet valve and arranged to actuate the outlet valve. An outlet channel extends through the spray head and is connected to the outlet valve, particularly to the tube of the outlet valve. When the spray head is actuated, the tincture will flow through this outlet channel to a discharge orifice to be sprayed out by the latter.
  • To allow for a well-aimed application of the nail tincture onto a foot nail also from a larger distance, the outlet channel of the spray head is connected to a tube piece. As a result, the tincture will not be issued directly from the spray head and thus be atomized; instead, the tincture will be concentrated by the tube piece in the lengthwise direction, thereby producing a jet which the patient can then direct onto the infected nail. Thus, nail tincture can be applied to an infected foot nail in a well-targeted manner also out of distances larger than 10 cm. The use of the inventive nail tincture spray can considerably facilitates the application of nail tincture onto a foot nail, which is of particular benefit for older patients. Further, a danger of contamination is avoided.
  • The spray can of the invention, apart from its use for the application of nail tincture, is useful also for the application of a different tincture or another active ingredient to be applied in a well-aimed manner from a larger distance onto a less accessible site of a body. Thus, the invention is not restricted to the application of nail tincture although the invention is particularly suited for this purpose.
  • Preferably, the tube piece is tightly connected to the spray head. Particularly, the tube piece and the spray head are formed as an integral unit. This unit can be provided as a plastic component formed e.g. by injection molding. The tube piece has a length of preferably more than 10 mm; particularly preferred is a length of more than 15 mm. Further, it is provided that, prior to using the nail tincture spray can, the tube piece can be mounted e.g. to a connection portion of the spray head so as to connect the tube piece with the outlet channel.
  • According to a further preferred embodiment, the tube piece is at least partially surrounded by a stiffening sleeve. In case of a cylindrical tube piece, the stiffening sleeve is provided as a closed hollow cylinder connected to the tube piece e.g. by webs. Preferably, a plurality of stiffening sleeves are provided, arranged particularly concentrically to each other. In this manner, deformation of the tube piece is avoided and the production is facilitated. The stiffening sleeves are preferably connected to the tube piece and/or the spray head. Preferably, the tube piece and the stiffening sleeves are combined to form an integral unit which is preferably made of plastic.
  • Preferably, the at least one stiffening sleeve is connected to the spray head and provided as one piece, preferably made of plastic. The stiffening sleeve is preferably connected to the spray head in a manner to have the tube piece extend beyond the stiffening sleeve on the side facing away from the spray head.
  • The active ingredient preferably provided in the tincture container is particularly an antimycotic agent such as clotrimazole and/or an antimicrobial agent such as undecyleneamide DEA. Suitable care substances are particularly those of vegetable origin, such as Persea gratissima. Also other per se known skin-care products such as panthenol can be used. If required, further auxiliary agents can be added for generating a tincture or for preservation.
  • According to the invention, the tincture can also contain solution aids such as propylene glycol.
  • Typically, the solvent in the nail tincture is an aqueous solution of a skin-tolerable alkanol, or it is the skin-tolerable alkanol itself.
  • As a propellant gas, propane and/or butane can be used.
  • The individual components can be included in the following ranges of proportions (% by weight):
    Solvent 60-80%, particularly 65-75%
    Care substance 0.1-10%,  particularly 0.5-4%
    Active ingredient 0.1-10%,  particularly 0.5-2%
    Propellant gas 15-35%, particularly 20-30%
  • Further, the invention relates to a method of using the above described spray can for applying the above described nail tincture to a nail, particularly to a foot nail.
  • A preferred embodiment of the invention will be described in greater detail hereunder with reference to the accompanying drawings.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • In the drawings
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic lateral view of the nail tincture spray can;
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic lengthwise sectional view of the spray head; and
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic plan view of the spray head.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
  • The nail tincture spray can according to the instant invention comprises a tincture container 10 with a nail tincture contained therein. The nail tincture comprises an active ingredient, a care substance, a solvent and a propellant gas. The tincture container 10, which normally is made of metal, is kept under pressure and is closed by a cover 12. Cover 12 is normally also made of metal. The connection of cover 12 to tincture container 10 is realized in that the edge 14 of cover 12 is crimped onto the substantially cylindrical tincture container 10. Arranged within cover 12 is an outlet valve 16 comprising a tubular outlet 18. By pressing the tubular outlet 18 in a downward direction according to FIG. 1, valve 16 will be opened so that, under the effect of the internal pressure in the tincture container 10, tincture is caused to flow upwards through the outlet tube 18 out of tincture container 10.
  • The tincture flowing through outlet tube 18 is guided through a spray head 20 to a discharge member 22. Spray head 20 is closed by a cap 24 to preclude that the spray head might be actuated by mistake.
  • Spray head 20 (FIG. 2) comprises a substantially cylindrical body 26 mounted to cover 12. Further, spray head 20 is provided with an actuating member 28 which through a constricted portion 30 is flexibly connected to the body 26 of spray head 20. Thus, the actuating member 28 as shown in FIG. 2 can be pressed downwards and, when released, will under the effect of the above elastic connection 30 return to its initial position according to FIG. 2. By actuation of actuating member 28, outlet tube 18 of valve 16 in FIG. 1 is pressed downward so that the valve will be opened. In the process, the outflowing tincture will enter an outflow channel 32 provided in spray head 20 and flow through this channel in the direction of the discharge orifice 22.
  • Outflow channel 32, along its course internally of actuating member 28, is formed to follow an angle in a lateral direction. Thereupon, outflow channel 32 enters a tube piece 34 preferably formed in one piece with spray head 20.
  • To lend stability to the tube piece 34, the tube piece is partially surrounded by a stiffening sleeve 36 and a further stiffening sleeve 38 arranged concentrically to stiffening sleeve 36. Between the stiffening sleeves 36,38 and the tube piece 34, webs are arranged for connecting these components to each other.
    • When the actuating member 28 is actuated, valve 16 is opened, and tincture will flow through outflow channel 32 towards discharge orifice 22. Due to the inventive provision of a tube piece 34 including a thin channel 40 entered by the outflow channel 32, it is safeguarded that the tincture issuing from the discharge orifice 22 can be applied in a well-aimed manner out of a larger distance onto a nail or other body region undergoing treatment.
    EXAMPLE
  • The nail tincture comprises the following compositions (in %):
    Alcohol denat. 70.83
    Butane 25.00
    Persea gratissima 1.51
    Clotrimazole 1.01
    Panthenol 0.76
    Undecyleneamide 0.15
    Propylene glycol 0.74

Claims (12)

  1. 1. A nail tincture spray can, comprising
    a tincture container containing a nail tincture including an active ingredient, a care substance, a solvent and a propellant gas;
    a cover tightly sealing the tincture container;
    an outlet valve arranged in the cover;
    a spray head for actuating the outlet valve; and
    an outlet channel extending through the spray head;
    wherein
    the outlet channel is connected to a tube piece for well-aimed discharge of the tincture.
  2. 2. The nail tincture spray can according to claim 1 wherein the tube piece is tightly connected to the spray head.
  3. 3. The nail tincture spray can according to claim 1 wherein the tube piece is partially surrounded by a stiffening sleeve.
  4. 4. The nail tincture spray can according to claim 3 wherein the stiffening sleeve, is connected to the spray head in such a manner that the tube piece extends beyond the stiffening sleeve on the side facing away from the spray head.
  5. 5. The nail tincture spray can according to claim 1 wherein the active ingredient is an antimycotic agent.
  6. 6. The nail tincture spray can according to claim 5 wherein the antimycotic agent is clotrimazole.
  7. 7. The nail tincture spray can according to claim 1 wherein the care substance is at least one substance of vegetable origin selected from the group consisting of: Persea gratissima, panthenol and undecyleneamide DEA.
  8. 8. The nail tincture spray can according to claim 1 wherein the nail tincture further comprises a solution aid.
  9. 9. The nail tincture spray can according to claim 1 wherein the solvent is an aqueous solution of a skin-tolerable alkanol, or a skin-tolerable alkanol.
  10. 10. The nail tincture spray can according to claim 9 wherein the skin-tolerable alkanol is ethanol.
  11. 11. The nail tincture spray can according to claim 1 wherein the propellant gas is propane and/or butane.
  12. 12. A method of using a spray can comprising a container tightly sealed by a cover; an outlet valve arranged in the cover; a spray head for actuating the outlet valve; an outlet channel extending through the spray head; and a tube piece connected to the outlet channel, for well-aimed discharge of nail tincture contained in the container and including an active ingredient, a care substance, a solvent and a propellant gas, comprising the step of applying the nail tincture to a nail.
US11040537 2004-01-23 2005-01-21 Nail tincture spray can Abandoned US20050205615A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EPEP04001429.2 2004-01-23
EP20040001429 EP1557375A1 (en) 2004-01-23 2004-01-23 Spray dispenser for nail tincture

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20050205615A1 true true US20050205615A1 (en) 2005-09-22

Family

ID=34626491

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11040537 Abandoned US20050205615A1 (en) 2004-01-23 2005-01-21 Nail tincture spray can

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (1) US20050205615A1 (en)
EP (1) EP1557375A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA2705815A1 (en) * 2007-11-17 2009-05-22 Bayer Consumer Care Ag Topical drugs for use in antifungal therapy

Citations (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4906496A (en) * 1986-10-15 1990-03-06 Sms Corporation Double-walled tube assembly
US5364625A (en) * 1991-06-24 1994-11-15 L'oreal Alkylthiopoly (ethylimidazolium) compounds, process for preparing them and their use as biocidal agents
US5409148A (en) * 1992-02-24 1995-04-25 Stern; Donald J. Spray texturing apparatus and method with dispensing tube
US5641481A (en) * 1992-11-06 1997-06-24 Koniger; Helmut Composition to control dermatomycoses and their pathogens, perspiration and body odor
US6123930A (en) * 1991-09-26 2000-09-26 L'oreal Composition for the treatment of the nails, containing a sulphur-bearing aminoacid
US20010010319A1 (en) * 1997-06-04 2001-08-02 Riley Mary T. Tube holder system and spray can therewith
US20020068099A1 (en) * 1998-08-13 2002-06-06 Helmut Koniger Method for combating summer eczema and malanders
US20030012749A1 (en) * 2000-01-03 2003-01-16 Karl Kraemer Preparations for the non-traumatic excision of a nail
US20030168476A1 (en) * 2002-03-05 2003-09-11 L'oreal Dispensing cap with a portable cannula, designed for fitting onto a packaging and dispensing device
US6659312B1 (en) * 1992-02-24 2003-12-09 Homax Products, Inc. Nozzle assemblies for aerosol spray texturing devices
US6660251B1 (en) * 1999-01-28 2003-12-09 Merck Patent Gmbh Galenic formulation containing biotin
US20040195377A1 (en) * 2002-09-25 2004-10-07 Shannon Walker Williams Nail polish applicator
US20040245294A1 (en) * 2003-06-05 2004-12-09 Mineau Steven B. Aerosol over cap with flip-up closure
US20040258648A1 (en) * 2003-06-17 2004-12-23 Creamer Marianne Patricia Polymer compositions and process for preparing polymers
US7021503B2 (en) * 2001-04-04 2006-04-04 Valois S.A.S. Metal crimping cap for a fluid dispensing device
US20060120977A1 (en) * 2000-03-27 2006-06-08 Michael Friedman Controlled delivery system of antifungal and keratolytic agents for local treatment of fungal infections of the nail and surrounding tissues

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2136056B (en) * 1983-03-03 1986-05-21 Sar Spa Valve actuators for pressurized containers
FR2613227B1 (en) * 1987-04-01 1990-12-28 Oreal Pharmaceutical compositions based miconazole nitrate or econazole nitrate in the treatment of fungal nail infections
WO2001003542A3 (en) * 1999-07-07 2001-06-28 Breakthrough Innovations Group An applicator for applying a product
EP1203141A1 (en) * 1999-07-22 2002-05-08 Pericor Science, Inc. Linkage of agents to tissue

Patent Citations (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4906496A (en) * 1986-10-15 1990-03-06 Sms Corporation Double-walled tube assembly
US5364625A (en) * 1991-06-24 1994-11-15 L'oreal Alkylthiopoly (ethylimidazolium) compounds, process for preparing them and their use as biocidal agents
US6123930A (en) * 1991-09-26 2000-09-26 L'oreal Composition for the treatment of the nails, containing a sulphur-bearing aminoacid
US6659312B1 (en) * 1992-02-24 2003-12-09 Homax Products, Inc. Nozzle assemblies for aerosol spray texturing devices
US5409148A (en) * 1992-02-24 1995-04-25 Stern; Donald J. Spray texturing apparatus and method with dispensing tube
US5641481A (en) * 1992-11-06 1997-06-24 Koniger; Helmut Composition to control dermatomycoses and their pathogens, perspiration and body odor
US20010010319A1 (en) * 1997-06-04 2001-08-02 Riley Mary T. Tube holder system and spray can therewith
US20020068099A1 (en) * 1998-08-13 2002-06-06 Helmut Koniger Method for combating summer eczema and malanders
US6660251B1 (en) * 1999-01-28 2003-12-09 Merck Patent Gmbh Galenic formulation containing biotin
US20030012749A1 (en) * 2000-01-03 2003-01-16 Karl Kraemer Preparations for the non-traumatic excision of a nail
US20060120977A1 (en) * 2000-03-27 2006-06-08 Michael Friedman Controlled delivery system of antifungal and keratolytic agents for local treatment of fungal infections of the nail and surrounding tissues
US7074392B1 (en) * 2000-03-27 2006-07-11 Taro Pharmaceutical Industries Limited Controllled delivery system of antifungal and keratolytic agents for local treatment of fungal infections
US7021503B2 (en) * 2001-04-04 2006-04-04 Valois S.A.S. Metal crimping cap for a fluid dispensing device
US20030168476A1 (en) * 2002-03-05 2003-09-11 L'oreal Dispensing cap with a portable cannula, designed for fitting onto a packaging and dispensing device
US20040195377A1 (en) * 2002-09-25 2004-10-07 Shannon Walker Williams Nail polish applicator
US20040245294A1 (en) * 2003-06-05 2004-12-09 Mineau Steven B. Aerosol over cap with flip-up closure
US20040258648A1 (en) * 2003-06-17 2004-12-23 Creamer Marianne Patricia Polymer compositions and process for preparing polymers

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP1557375A1 (en) 2005-07-27 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3550857A (en) Directional cap for spray dispensers
US4830284A (en) Atomizing or dosing pump
US4598664A (en) Dispensing apparatus
US5474541A (en) Valved nozzle for re-usable reservoir of a flowable product
US3640274A (en) Eye-spraying device having mirror
US6422778B2 (en) Surgical prep solution applicator system and methods
US7819342B2 (en) Atomizer for dispensing liquids for medical purposes
US20010032644A1 (en) Inhalation device
US20040245291A1 (en) Laterally-actuated fluid dispenser device
US7387684B2 (en) Single-dose spray system for application of liquids onto the human body
US6152873A (en) Otoscope for examination and treatment of the ear
US4958751A (en) Sub-gingival medicament applicator
US8435944B2 (en) Method and composition for transdermal drug delivery
US5735465A (en) Aerosol dispenser with two spray nozzles
US6321942B1 (en) Discharge device for flowable media using a thrust piston pump
US6539949B2 (en) Applicator for applying liquids to hair-covered skin
US8071075B2 (en) Dermal penetration enhancers and drug delivery systems involving the same
US6978945B2 (en) Dispensing device
WO1999041158A1 (en) Multiple-dose bottle with dosage spout for products, particularly medicines
US3515154A (en) Combination mask-closure cap
US5875934A (en) Replacement cartridge for an aerosol dispenser
US20050040188A1 (en) Lateral actuation spray device
US5248096A (en) Air brush
US3419197A (en) Hair spray device
WO2004022244A1 (en) Device for discharging liquids, a cartridge suited therefor, and system comprised of the device for discharging liquids and of the cartridge

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: NEUBOURG SKIN CARE, GMBH & CO. KG, GERMANY

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:NEUBOURG, THOMAS;REEL/FRAME:016540/0408

Effective date: 20050420

AS Assignment

Owner name: NEUBOURG SKIN CARE GMBH & CO. KG, GERMANY

Free format text: CORRECTIVE COVER SHEET PREVIOUSLY RECORDED AT REEL 016540 FRAME 0408 TO CORRECT THE ADDRESS OF THE RECEIVING PARTY. THE CONVEYING PARTY HEREBY CONFIRMS THE ASSIGNMENT OF THE ENTIRE INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:NEUBOURG, THOMAS;REEL/FRAME:017469/0598

Effective date: 20050420