US20050117813A1 - Image reproducing apparatus and image reproducing method - Google Patents

Image reproducing apparatus and image reproducing method Download PDF

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US20050117813A1
US20050117813A1 US10/502,369 US50236904A US2005117813A1 US 20050117813 A1 US20050117813 A1 US 20050117813A1 US 50236904 A US50236904 A US 50236904A US 2005117813 A1 US2005117813 A1 US 2005117813A1
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image signal
brightness
contrast
sub
main
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US10/502,369
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Ikuo Nishida
Ryoji Suzuki
Tetsuya Itani
Satoshi Kato
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Panasonic Corp
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Panasonic Corp
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Priority to JP2002-347194 priority
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Priority to PCT/JP2003/015314 priority patent/WO2004051990A1/en
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Publication of US20050117813A1 publication Critical patent/US20050117813A1/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N5/00Details of television systems
    • H04N5/44Receiver circuitry
    • H04N5/57Control of contrast or brightness
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/14Digital output to display device; Cooperation and interconnection of the display device with other functional units
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N21/00Selective content distribution, e.g. interactive television or video on demand [VOD]
    • H04N21/40Client devices specifically adapted for the reception of or interaction with content, e.g. set-top-box [STB]; Operations thereof
    • H04N21/43Processing of content or additional data, e.g. demultiplexing additional data from a digital video stream; Elementary client operations, e.g. monitoring of home network, synchronizing decoder's clock; Client middleware
    • H04N21/431Generation of visual interfaces for content selection or interaction; Content or additional data rendering
    • H04N21/4312Generation of visual interfaces for content selection or interaction; Content or additional data rendering involving specific graphical features, e.g. screen layout, special fonts or colors, blinking icons, highlights or animations
    • H04N21/4316Generation of visual interfaces for content selection or interaction; Content or additional data rendering involving specific graphical features, e.g. screen layout, special fonts or colors, blinking icons, highlights or animations for displaying supplemental content in a region of the screen, e.g. an advertisement in a separate window
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N21/00Selective content distribution, e.g. interactive television or video on demand [VOD]
    • H04N21/40Client devices specifically adapted for the reception of or interaction with content, e.g. set-top-box [STB]; Operations thereof
    • H04N21/43Processing of content or additional data, e.g. demultiplexing additional data from a digital video stream; Elementary client operations, e.g. monitoring of home network, synchronizing decoder's clock; Client middleware
    • H04N21/431Generation of visual interfaces for content selection or interaction; Content or additional data rendering
    • H04N21/4318Generation of visual interfaces for content selection or interaction; Content or additional data rendering by altering the content in the rendering process, e.g. blanking, blurring or masking an image region
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N5/00Details of television systems
    • H04N5/44Receiver circuitry
    • H04N5/445Receiver circuitry for displaying additional information
    • H04N5/45Picture in picture
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2320/00Control of display operating conditions
    • G09G2320/06Adjustment of display parameters
    • G09G2320/0626Adjustment of display parameters for control of overall brightness
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2340/00Aspects of display data processing
    • G09G2340/12Overlay of images, i.e. displayed pixel being the result of switching between the corresponding input pixels
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N5/00Details of television systems
    • H04N5/44Receiver circuitry
    • H04N5/4401Receiver circuitry for the reception of a digital modulated video signal

Abstract

An image reproducing device and an image reproducing method that can control a brightness and/or a contrast of a sub image according to a brightness and/or a contrast of a main image and minimize eyestrain of users are provided. The image reproducing device comprises an image signal inputting part for receiving input of a first image signal; a sub image signal generating part for generating a sub image signal from information on a sub image extracted from the above-mentioned first image signal; a main image signal decoding part for extracting a main image signal from the above-mentioned first image signal and decoding the above-mentioned main image signal; a brightness detecting part for detecting a brightness of the above-mentioned main image signal and calculating a brightness average value; a brightness adjusting part for adjusting a brightness of the above-mentioned sub image signal based on the above-mentioned brightness average value; an image signal composing part for synchronizing the above-mentioned main image signal and the above-mentioned sub image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted, composing them and generating a second image signal; and an image signal outputting part for outputting the above-mentioned second image signal.

Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD
  • The present invention relates to an image reproducing device and an image reproducing method.
  • BACKGROUND ART
  • Computerized data stored in a recording medium such as DVD (hereinafter referred to as “content”) and the contents distributed from dynamic image distribution servers or digital video broadcast are as diverse as movies, concerts and sports. The image signal of movie content among these contents includes sub image information such as subtitles in addition to a main image signal compressed according to MPEG2 system.
  • Unexamined Patent Publication Hei 4-354480 discloses a prior art brightness control circuit. The prior art brightness control circuit receives input of an image signal of cinema scope size (there is a black part of predetermined size on each of the upper and lower sides of an image of a main part and a subtitle appears in the lower black part), detects the subtitle part of the image signal when the image signal reaches a continuous black level, and controls the luminance (brightness) of a character of the subtitle part to a predetermined level.
  • The prior art brightness control circuit controls the luminance of a character of the subtitle part to a predetermined level independent of the brightness of the image of the main part (main image). Therefore, when the brightness and/or contrast of the image of the main part is high (picture is bright and/or sharp), the subtitle part is hard to see because of being relatively dark and/or low in contrast. On the contrary, when the brightness and/or contrast of the image of the main part is low (picture is dark and/or outline is represented softly), the subtitle part is hard to see because of its glare.
  • The present invention solves the above-mentioned conventional problem and intend to an image reproducing device and an image reproducing method of displaying easily viewable main image and sub image even when the main image is in a bright or dark scene and/or the main image is sharp or soft, thereby to minimize eyestrain of users.
  • DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION
  • To solve the above-mentioned conventional problem, the present invention has the following configuration. An image reproducing device from one aspect of the present invention comprises an image signal inputting part for receiving input of a first image signal; a sub image signal generating part for generating a sub image signal from information on a sub image extracted from the above-mentioned first image signal; a main image signal decoding part for extracting a main image signal from the above-mentioned first image signal and decoding the above-mentioned main image signal; a brightness detecting part for detecting a brightness of the above-mentioned main image signal and calculating a brightness average value; a brightness adjusting part for adjusting a brightness of the above-mentioned sub image signal based on the above-mentioned brightness average value; an image signal composing part for composing the above-mentioned main image signal and the above-mentioned sub image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted, and generating a second image signal; and an image signal outputting part for outputting the above-mentioned second image signal.
  • The image reproducing device of the present invention adjusts the brightness of the sub image signal based on the brightness average value of the main image signal. That is, when the main image signal is bright, the brightness of the sub image signal is adjusted to be high and when the main image signal is dark, the brightness of the sub image signal is adjusted to be low. Further, the device composes the main image signal and the sub image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted, and outputs the composed signal. The present invention has the effect of realizing the image reproducing device for outputting an image signal that does not cause much eyestrain and is easily viewable for users. The “brightness average value” may be the brightness average value of the whole region where the image signal is displayed (valid region) or the brightness average value of a predetermined region located at a predetermined position of the valid region. Preferably, the “predetermined position” is a center part of the valid region.
  • The above-mentioned image reproducing device from another aspect of the present invention further comprises a contrast adjusting part for adjusting a contrast of the above-mentioned sub image signal based on the above-mentioned brightness average value, and the above-mentioned image signal composing part composes the above-mentioned main image signal and the above-mentioned sub image signal, the brightness and the contrast of which are adjusted, and generates a second image signal.
  • The image reproducing device of the present invention adjusts the contrast of the sub image signal based on the brightness average value of the main image signal. That is, when the main image signal is bright, the contrast of the sub image signal is adjusted to be strong and when the main image signal is dark, the contrast of the sub image signal is adjusted to be weak. Further, the device composes the main image signal and the sub image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted, and outputs the composed signal. The present invention has the effect of realizing the image reproducing device for outputting an image signal that does not cause much eyestrain and is easily viewable for users.
  • The above-mentioned image reproducing device from another aspect of the present invention further comprises a contrast detecting part for detecting a contrast of the above-mentioned main image signal, and the above-mentioned brightness adjusting part adjusts the brightness of the sub image signal based on the above-mentioned brightness average value and the above-mentioned contrast.
  • The image reproducing device of the present invention adjusts the brightness of the sub image signal based on the brightness average value and the contrast of the main image signal. That is, when the main image signal is bright or the contrast is strong, the brightness of the sub image signal is adjusted to be high and when the main image signal is dark and the contrast is weak, the brightness of the sub image signal is adjusted to be low. Further, the device composes the main image signal and the sub image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted, and outputs the composed signal. The present invention has the effect of realizing the image reproducing device for outputting an image signal that does not cause much eyestrain and is easily viewable for users.
  • The above-mentioned image reproducing device from another aspect of the present invention further comprises a contrast detecting part for detecting the contrast of the above-mentioned main image signal; and a contrast adjusting part for adjusting the contrast of the above-mentioned sub image signal based on the above-mentioned contrast or the above-mentioned brightness average value and the above-mentioned contrast, and the above-mentioned image signal composing part composes the above-mentioned main image signal and the above-mentioned sub image signal, the brightness and the contrast of which are adjusted, and generates a second image signal.
  • The image reproducing device of the present invention adjusts the contrast of the sub image signal based on the brightness average value and the contrast of the main image signal. That is, when the main image signal is bright or the contrast is strong, the contrast of the sub image signal is adjusted to be strong and when the main image signal is dark or the contrast is weak, the contrast of the sub image signal is adjusted to be weak. Further, the device composes the main image signal and the sub image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted, and outputs the composed signal. The present invention has the effect of realizing the image reproducing device for outputting an image signal that does not cause much eyestrain and is easily viewable for users.
  • The above-mentioned image reproducing device from another aspect of the present invention further comprises an external brightness detecting part for detecting an external brightness as a brightness of a space where the above-mentioned second image signal is displayed; and a main image brightness adjusting part for adjusting the brightness of the above-mentioned main image signal based on the above-mentioned external brightness, and the above-mentioned brightness detecting part detects the brightness of the above-mentioned main image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted, and calculates a brightness average value, and the above-mentioned image signal composing part composes the above-mentioned main image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted, and the above-mentioned sub image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted or the brightness and the contrast of which are adjusted, and generates a second image signal.
  • The image reproducing device of the present invention adjusts the brightness of the main image signal based on the brightness of external light and then calculates the brightness average value of the main image signal to adjust the brightness of the sub image signal based on the brightness average value. When external light enters into the display that displays the image, the image is hard to see for users. In the image reproducing device of the present invention, when the illuminance of the place where the display device is located is high, the brightness of the main image signal is made to be high and accordingly the brightness of the sub image signal is made to be high or the brightness of the sub image signal is made to be high to strengthen the contrast. When the illuminance of the place where the display device is located is low, the brightness of the main image signal is made to be low and accordingly the brightness of the sub image signal is made to be low or the brightness of the sub image signal is made to be low to weaken the contrast. The present invention has the effect of realizing the image reproducing device for outputting an image signal that does not cause much eyestrain and is easily viewable for users.
  • The “external brightness” refers to the illuminance of the place where a display device for displaying the second image signal is installed. Typically, it is an output signal (output signal according to the input light quantity) of a photo detecting device that is located in the periphery of the display device connected to the image signal outputting part and receives a part of light radiated from outside toward the display screen.
  • The above-mentioned image reproducing device from another aspect of the present invention further comprises an external brightness detecting part for detecting an external brightness as a brightness of a space where the above-mentioned second image signal is displayed; and a main image brightness adjusting part for adjusting the brightness of the above-mentioned main image signal based on the above-mentioned external brightness, and the above-mentioned brightness adjusting part adjusts the brightness of the sub image signal based on the above-mentioned external brightness and the brightness of the above-mentioned main image signal, the brightness of which is not adjusted, and the above-mentioned image signal composing part composes the above-mentioned main image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted, and the above-mentioned sub image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted, and generates a second image signal.
  • The present invention has the effect of realizing the image reproducing device for outputting an image signal that does not cause much eyestrain and is easily viewable for users according to the external brightness.
  • The above-mentioned image reproducing device from another aspect of the present invention further comprises an external brightness detecting part for detecting an external brightness as a brightness of a space where the above-mentioned second image signal is displayed; and a main image brightness adjusting part for adjusting the brightness of the above-mentioned main image signal based on the above-mentioned external brightness, and the above-mentioned contrast adjusting part adjusts the contrast of the above-mentioned sub image signal based on the above-mentioned external brightness and the brightness of the main image signal, the brightness of which is not adjusted, and the above-mentioned image signal composing part composes the above-mentioned main image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted, and the above-mentioned sub image signal, the brightness and the contrast of which are adjusted, and generates a second image signal.
  • The present invention has the effect of realizing the image reproducing device for outputting an image signal that does not cause much eyestrain and is easily viewable for users according to the external brightness.
  • The above-mentioned image reproducing device from another aspect of the present invention further comprises a storing part for storing the above-mentioned main image signal and outputting the above-mentioned main image signal with a delay, and the above-mentioned image signal composing part composes the above-mentioned main image signal, the brightness average value of which is calculated and which is output from the above-mentioned storing part with a delay, and the above-mentioned sub image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted based on the above-mentioned brightness average value.
  • Without the storing part for delaying the main image signal, the brightness of the sub image signal of the next frame (or the next field) is adjusted based on the brightness average value of the main image signal of 1 frame (or 1 field). In the configuration, however, when the brightness average value of the main image signal varies abruptly due to switch of the picture of the main image, the brightness of the sub image signal is adjusted with a delay of 1 frame (or 1 field). The deviation between the brightness variation timing of the main image signal and the brightness variation timing of the sub image signal causes users to have a visually uncomfortable feeling. The present invention has the effect of realizing the image reproducing device that varies the brightness of both the main image signal and the sub image signal concurrently even when the brightness average value of the main image signal varies abruptly. Even when the brightness average value of the main image signal varies abruptly, the brightness of the sub image signal varies without giving users a visually uncomfortable feeling.
  • In the above-mentioned image reproducing device from another aspect of the present invention, when a difference between the brightness average value of the above-mentioned main image signal of a preceding picture and the brightness average value of the above-mentioned main image signal of a present picture is not greater than a predetermined threshold, or when a difference between the brightness value of the above-mentioned sub image signal of the preceding picture and the brightness value of the above-mentioned sub image signal corresponding to the brightness average value of the above-mentioned main image signal of the present picture is not greater than a predetermined threshold, the above-mentioned brightness adjusting part adjusts the brightness of the above-mentioned sub image signal to be a value corresponding to the brightness average value of the above-mentioned main image signal of the present picture at a predetermined time constant; and when a difference between the brightness average value of the above-mentioned main image signal of a preceding picture and the brightness average value of the above-mentioned main image signal of a present picture is greater than a predetermined threshold, or when a difference between the brightness value of the above-mentioned sub image signal of the preceding picture and the brightness value of the above-mentioned sub image signal corresponding to the brightness average value of the above-mentioned main image signal of the present picture is greater than a predetermined threshold, the above-mentioned brightness adjusting part adjusts the brightness of the above-mentioned sub image signal to be a value corresponding to the brightness average value of the above-mentioned main image signal of the present picture instantly.
  • When the brightness of the sub image signal varies subtly at every moment according to the variation in the brightness of the main image signal, users feel inconvenience and suffer much eyestrain. On the other hand, in the case where the brightness average value of the main image signal varies abruptly, when a delay in brightness variation of the sub image signal occurs, users have a visually uncomfortable feeling. The present invention has the effect of realizing the image reproducing device that outputs the sub image signal of stable brightness when the brightness variation of the main image signal is small and varies abruptly the sub image signal at the same timing when the brightness average value of the main image signal varies abruptly.
  • The “brightness average value of the main image signal of the preceding picture” may be a brightness average value of the main image signal of the immediately preceding picture. For example, the brightness average value may be calculated by assigning a predetermined weight to the main image signals of the plural preceding pictures by use of a predetermined computing equation.
  • The method of “adjusting the brightness of the sub image signal to be the value corresponding to the brightness average value of the present picture at a predetermined time constant” is arbitrary.
  • An image reproducing method from another aspect of the present invention is derived from the similar technical concept to that of the above-mentioned image reproducing method.
  • The novel features of the invention are set forth with particularity in the appended claims. The invention as to both structure and content, and other objects and features thereof will best be understood from the detailed description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a block diagram of an image reproducing device in accordance with a first embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram for showing an image signal displaying region and an average value calculating region.
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram for showing an average value calculating method in the average value calculating region.
  • FIG. 4 is a flow chart of a brightness adjusting method in accordance with the first embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 5 is a block diagram of an image reproducing device in accordance with a second embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a contrast adjusting method in accordance with the second embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 7 is a block diagram of an image reproducing device in accordance with a third embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of an image reproducing device in accordance with a fourth embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of an image reproducing device in accordance with a fifth embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram of an image reproducing device in accordance with a sixth embodiment of the present invention.
  • Part or All of the drawings are drawn schematically for diagrammatic representation and it should be considered that they do not necessarily reflect relative size and position of components shown therein.
  • BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION
  • Embodiments embodying best mode for carrying out the present invention will be described along with drawings.
  • First Embodiment
  • Referring to FIG. 1 to FIG. 4, an image reproducing device (including an image reproducing method) in accordance with a first embodiment of the present invention will be described.
  • FIG. 1 is a block diagram for showing the configuration of the image reproducing device in accordance with the first embodiment of the present invention. The image reproducing device in accordance with the first embodiment receives an input of an image signal read from a DVD (not shown), extracts a main image signal (image of a main part) and sub image information such as subtitle from the image signal, adds a sub image to a main image and outputs it to an external display device (not shown). In the first embodiment, the image signal is a digital data stream and includes the main signal compressed by MPEG-2 technology and sub image information such as subtitle. The main image signal is dynamic image data and its brightness varies with time. Typically, the brightness of a sub image signal for displaying subtitles does not vary with time. In the image reproducing device of the first embodiment, the brightness of the sub image signal is adjusted based on a brightness average value of the main image signal.
  • FIG. 1 shows an image signal inputting part 1, a main image signal decoding part 2, a buffer memory 3, an image signal composing part 4, an image signal outputting part 5, a sub image information extracting part 6, a sub image signal generating part 7, a brightness detecting part 8 and a brightness adjusting part 10. The brightness detecting part 8 has a brightness average value calculating part 9. The brightness adjusting part 10 has a main image brightness/sub image brightness correspondence table 11.
  • Operation of each block of the image reproducing device in accordance with the first embodiment will be described. The image signal inputting part 1 receives an input of the image signal (first image signal) and transfers the signal to the main image signal decoding part 2 and the sub image information extracting part 6. The main image signal decoding part 2 extracts a compressed main image signal from the first image signal and expands the main image signal to the buffer memory 3 and the brightness detecting part 8. The buffer memory 3 stores the main image signal therein and outputs it with a delay. The sub image information extracting part 6 extracts sub image information from the first image signal and transfers the information to the sub image signal generating part 7. In the first embodiment, the sub image information is the content of subtitle displayed on the main image and a display position of the subtitle. The sub image signal generating part 7 generates a sub image signal based on the sub image information and transfers the sub image signal to the brightness adjusting part 10. The image signal is a bit pattern of the subtitle. The brightness average value calculating part 9 of the brightness detecting part 8 calculates a brightness average value of the main image signal. A method of calculating the brightness average value will be described later. The brightness adjusting part 10 adjusts brightness of the sub image based on the brightness average value of the main image signal and transfers the sub image signal to the image signal composing part 4. A method of adjusting the brightness of the sub image will be described later. The image signal composing part 4 composes the sub image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted based on the brightness average value of the main image signal in the brightness adjusting part 10 and which is output therefrom, and the main image signal read from the buffer memory 3 in sync with time, and transfers the composed image signal of the main image signal and the sub image signal (second image signal) to the image signal outputting part 5. A method of composing the two image signals is arbitrary. For example, the signal in a predetermined region of the main image signal may be replaced with the sub image signal (so-called non-additive mix). The predetermined region may be character representation including outline or rectangular background region including character representation. For example, the second image signal may be generated by adding the brightness of the sub image signal to the brightness of the main image signal (so-called additive mix). The predetermined brightness level of the sub image signal is set as 0 level for addition operation and in the outline part of the sub image signal, the brightness of the second image signal may be set to be lower than the original brightness of the main image signal. The image signal outputting part 5 transfers the image signal with subtitle (second image signal) to an external device.
  • Next, referring to FIG. 2 and FIG. 3, a method of calculating the brightness average value of the main image signal in the brightness average value calculating part 9 will be described. The brightness average value calculating part 9 calculates the brightness average value of the main image signal for each field. FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram for showing an image signal displaying region and an average value calculating region. In FIG. 2, the image signal displaying region 201 is a display region of the main image signal of n-th field. The average value calculating region 202 is a rectangular region obtained by excluding upper H2 pixels, left W1 pixels, right W2 pixels and lower H2 pixels from the image signal displaying region 201. The brightness average value calculating part 9 calculates the brightness average value of the main image signal in the average value calculating region 202.
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram for showing an average value calculating method in the average value calculating region 202. The average value calculating region 202 is divided into m number of small regions 300-1, 300-2, 300-3, . . . , 300-m. Each small region has the shape of rectangle of a predetermined number (for example 6) of pixels high and a predetermined number (for example 8) of pixels wide. The brightness average value calculating part 9 calculates an average value y(k) (where 1≧k≧m) of a greatest value and a smallest value in brightness in each small region and further calculates an average value y(k) in the whole average value calculating region 202 (that is, Σy(k)/m). Furthermore, the brightness average value calculating part 9 calculates a mean value (moving average value) of a brightness average value of the preceding field (that is, n−1-th field) Y(n−1) and the brightness average value of n-th field Σy(k)/m and defines the mean value as a brightness average value Y(n) of the main image signal of n-th field.
    Y(n)={Σy(k)/m+Y(n−1)}/2
  • Alternatively, Y(n)=a·Σy(k)/m+(1−a)−Y(n−1) may be applied (a is any value of 0<a<1). When a is an approximate value of 0, the brightness of the sub image signal is stable and varies slowly with respect to variation in the brightness of the main image signal. When a is an approximate value of 1, the brightness of the sub image signal varies with a high responsibility with respect to variation in the brightness of the main image signal. The value of a can be set to be an optimum value by researching impressions that viewers get from the composite picture of various images. The computing equation of the first embodiment corresponds to a=0.5.
  • In FIG. 2, W1=W2 and H1=H2 may be set. W1=W2=H1=H2 may also be set. W1=W2=0 and/or H1=H2=0 may be set. In the case of W1=W2=0 and H1=H2=0, the average value calculating region 202 becomes the whole display screen. In FIG. 3, a small region may be set as 1 pixel.
  • Next, referring to FIG. 4, a method of adjusting the brightness of the sub image signal in the brightness adjusting part 10 will be described. FIG. 4 is a flowchart of the brightness adjusting method in accordance with the first embodiment of the present invention. At a step 401, the brightness adjusting part 10 reads a reference brightness of the sub image signal D(i) (target brightness) (1≦i≦p) corresponding to the brightness average value Y(n) of the main image signal of the present field (n-th field) from the main image brightness/sub image brightness correspondence table 11. The main image brightness/sub image brightness correspondence table 11 provides a maximum value and a minimum value for each gradation of plural gradations (for example, 6 gradations. p is an arbitrary positive integer.) into which the brightness average value of the main image signal is divided, and the reference brightness of the sub image signal corresponding to the graduation. For example, the reference brightness of the sub image signal in the case of 0≦Y(n)<d(1) is set as D(1), the reference brightness of the sub image signal in the case of d(1)≦Y(n)<d(2) is set as D(2), . . . and the reference brightness of the sub image signal in the case of d(p−1)≦Y(n)<d(p) is set as D(p) (where 0<d(1) d(2)< . . . <d(p), D(1)<D(2) . . . D(p)).
  • At a step 402, the brightness adjusting part 10 calculates a difference ΔYs=D(i)−Ys(n−1) between the reference brightness D(i) of the sub image signal of the present field and an actual brightness Ys(n−1) of the sub image signal of the preceding field. At a step 403, it is determined whether ΔYs is not less than a predetermined threshold or not.
  • When ΔYs is not less than the predetermined threshold, the actual brightness of the sub image signal of the present field is made to be the reference brightness D(i) instantly (step 404) and when ΔYs is less than the predetermined threshold, the actual brightness of the sub image signal of the present field is made to gradually get close to the reference brightness D(i) from the present actual brightness Ys(n−1) at a predetermined time constant. In the first embodiment, the actual brightness of the sub image signal of the present field Ys(n) is made to be Ys(n−1)+c (step 405). Here, cis a value calculated by the present actual brightness Ys(n−1) and the reference brightness D(i) and when Ys(n−1)<D(i), the relationship Ys(n−1)<Ys(n−1)+c<D(i) is satisfied. For example, in the case where the actual brightness of the sub image signal is changed from the present actual brightness Ys(n−1) to the reference brightness D(i) over T seconds, c={D(i)−Ys(n−1)}/T may be set. c=±1 may be set. In this case, the actual brightness Y(s) is incremented or decremented at each predetermined time to converge on the reference brightness D(i).
  • Next, when executing the flowchart of FIG. 4, the present actual brightness is made to be Ys(n+1)=Ys(n)+c at the step 405. Next, the present actual brightness is made to be Ys(n+2)=Ys(n+1)+c at the step 405.
  • At a step 406, the brightness adjusting part 10 adjusts the brightness of the sub image signal (in the first embodiment, the brightness level of the white character as the subtitle part) to be the value determined at the step 404 or step 405 and finishes its operation.
  • According to the brightness adjusting method shown in the flowchart of FIG. 4, when the brightness average value of the main image signal does not vary with time as it is Y(n), the brightness of the sub image signal converges on the reference brightness D(i) gradually. The method of making the brightness of the sub image signal converge on the reference brightness D(i) gradually is arbitrary and the brightness of the sub image signal may be changed in a nonlinear manner.
  • As substitute for the configuration of the first embodiment, the brightness adjusting part 10 may calculates the difference Δy=Σy(k)/m−y(n−1) between the brightness average value of the main image signal of the present field Σy(k)/m and the brightness average value of the main image signal of the preceding field Y(n−1) at the step 402. At the step 403, it is determined whether the absolute value of ΔY is not less than a predetermined threshold or not.
  • When ΔY is greater than the predetermined threshold, the brightness average value of the main image signal of the present field is made to be Y(n)=Σy(k)/m and the reference brightness D(i) of the sub image signal corresponding to Y(n)=Σy(k)/m is read from the table. The actual brightness of the sub image signal of the present field is made to be the reference brightness D(i) instantly (step 404).
  • When ΔY is not greater than the predetermined threshold, the brightness average value of the main image signal of the present field is made to be Y(n)={Σy(k)/m+Y(n−1)}/2 and the reference brightness of the sub image signal corresponding to Y(n) is defined as D(i). In this case, the actual brightness of the sub image signal of the present field Ys(n) is made to be Ys(n−1)+c (step 405). c is a value calculated by the present actual brightness Ys(n−1) and the reference brightness D(i).
  • At the step 406, the brightness adjusting part 10 adjusts the brightness of the sub image signal (in the first embodiment, the brightness level of the white character of the subtitle part) to be the value determined at the step 404 or step 405 and finishes its operation.
  • According to the above-mentioned brightness adjusting method, when the difference between brightness average value of the main image signal of the preceding picture and the brightness average value of the present picture is not greater than a predetermined threshold, or when the difference between the actual brightness of the sub image signal of the preceding picture and the reference brightness of the sub image signal of the present picture (the value corresponding to the brightness average value of the main image signal) is not greater than a predetermined threshold, the brightness adjusting part 10 adjusts the brightness of the sub image signal to be the reference brightness of the present picture at a predetermined time constant. That is, when time variation in the brightness of the sub image signal or time variation in the brightness average value of the main image signal is small, the brightness adjusting part 10 makes the actual brightness of the sub image signal Ys(n) converge on the reference brightness gradually.
  • When the difference between brightness average value of the main image signal of the preceding picture and the brightness average value of the present picture is greater than a predetermined threshold, or when the difference between the actual brightness of the sub image signal of the preceding picture and the reference brightness of the sub image signal of the present picture is greater than a predetermined threshold, the brightness adjusting part 10 adjusts the brightness of the sub image signal to be the reference brightness of the present picture instantly. That is, when time variation in the brightness average value of the main image signal is large, the brightness adjusting part 10 makes the brightness of the sub image signal follow the brightness of the main image signal instantly. Therefore, no delay in brightness variation in the sub image signal with respect to brightness variation in the main image signal occurs.
  • In the first embodiment, the brightness average value calculating part 9 calculates the moving average value of the brightness average value of the main image signal and outputs it to the brightness adjusting part 10. Therefore, even if the brightness average value of the main image signal undergoes a significant variation with time temporarily, no flicker occurs in the sub image.
  • According to the image reproducing device and the image reproducing method of the first embodiment, when the brightness of the main image signal is high, the brightness of the sub image is adjusted to be high, and when the brightness of the main image signal is low, the brightness of the sub image is adjusted to below. Therefore, it is possible to output an image signal that does not cause much eyestrain and is easily viewable for users.
  • Second Embodiment
  • Referring to FIG. 2, FIG. 5 and FIG. 6, an image reproducing device (including an image reproducing method) in accordance with a second embodiment of the present invention will be described.
  • FIG. 5 is a block diagram for showing the configuration of the image reproducing device in accordance with the second embodiment of the present invention. The image reproducing device of the second embodiment has the configuration in which a contrast detecting part 12 and a contrast adjusting part 14 are added to the image reproducing device of the first embodiment. The contrast detecting part 12 has a contrast calculating part 13. The contrast adjusting part 14 has a parameter table for adjusting sub image contrast 15. As other elements are identical to those in the image reproducing device of the first embodiment, common blocks are marked with a common reference numeral and therefore the explanation is omitted. The image reproducing device of the second embodiment adjusts the brightness of the sub image signal based on the brightness average value of the main image signal and adjusts the contrast of the sub image signal based on the brightness average value and the contrast of the main image signal.
  • The operation of the contrast detecting part 12 will be described. The contrast detecting part 12 receives the main image signal from the main image signal decoding part 2. The contrast calculating part 13 extracts the main image signal in the average value calculating region 202 (FIG. 2) for each field, filters the signal with a band-pass filter for passing a predetermined bandwidth (for example, frequency band of 1 to 1.5 MHz) and calculates a mean square amplitude. The contrast detecting part 12 sends the value of the mean square amplitude of the main image signal to the contrast adjusting part 14.
  • The contrast adjusting part 14 adjusts the contrast of the sub image signal. A target value G(i, j) (1≦i≦p, 1≦j≦q) of the contrast value using parameters as the brightness average value of the main image signal detected by the brightness detecting part 8 and the mean square amplitude calculated by the contrast detecting part 12 are written into the parameter table for adjusting sub image contrast 15 that contained in the contrast adjusting part 14. The brightness average value of the main image signal is separated into p graduations (p is an arbitrary positive integer not less than 2) and the contrast of the main image signal is separated into q graduations (q is an arbitrary positive integer not less than 2). A maximum value and a minimum value for each graduation are also written into the parameter table for adjusting sub image contrast 15.
  • G(i, j) is a target value of the contrast value X(n) of the sub image signal. An actual contrast value of the sub image signal is defined as X(n).
  • The contrast adjusting part 14 calculates the difference ΔYs=D(i)−Ys(n−1) between the reference brightness D(i) of the sub image signal of the present field and an actual brightness Ys(n−1) of the sub image signal of the preceding field and determines whether ΔYs is not less than a predetermined threshold or not.
  • When ΔYs is not less than the predetermined threshold, the actual contrast value X(n) of the sub image signal of the present field is made to be the target value G(i, j) instantly. When ΔYs is less than the predetermined threshold, the actual contrast value X(n) of the sub image signal of the present field is made to gradually get close to the target value G(i, j) from the present actual contrast value X(n−1) at a predetermined time constant. For example, the actual contrast value X of the sub image signal is incremented or decremented at each predetermined time to converge on the target value G(i, j).
  • As substitute for the configuration of the second embodiment, the contrast adjusting part 14 may calculate the difference ΔY=Σy(k)/m−Y(n−1) between the brightness average value of the main image signal of the present field Σy(k)/m and the brightness average value of the main signal of the preceding field Y(n−1). It is determined whether the absolute value of ΔY is not less than a predetermined threshold or not.
  • When ΔY is greater than the predetermined threshold, the contrast adjusting part 14 sets the brightness average value of the main image signal of the present field as Y(n)=Σy(k)/m and reads the target value G(i, j) of the contrast of the sub image signal corresponding to Y(n)=Σy(k)/m from the table. The actual contrast value X of the sub image signal of the present field is made to the G(i, j) instantly.
  • When ΔY is not greater than the predetermined threshold, the brightness average value of the main image signal of the present field is made to be Y(n)={Σy(k)/m+Y(n−1)}/2 and reads the target value G(i, j) of the contrast of the sub image signal corresponding to Y(n) from the table. The actual contrast value X(n) of the sub image signal of the present field is made to gradually get closer to the target value G(i, j) from the present actual contrast value X(n−1) at a predetermined time constant.
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a contrast adjusting method in accordance with the second embodiment of the present invention. In FIG. 6, horizontal axes of waveforms A, B, C, D, E and F represent the number of pixels in the horizontal direction and their vertical axes represent brightness. In FIG. 6, A is an example of the brightness signal of the sub image prior to adjusting the contrast. The level of the brightness signal is adjusted by the brightness adjusting part 10. The actual contrast value X(n) of the sub image signal of the present field is set to be h. Firstly, a brightness signal A is moved by the predetermined number of pixels h in the positive direction of horizontal axis (a signal B). Next, the brightness signal B is moved by the predetermined number of pixels h in the positive direction of horizontal axis (a signal C). A signal D is obtained by subtracting the signal B from the signal A. A signal E is obtained by subtracting the signal C from the signal B. A signal F obtained by subtracting the signal D from the signal B and adding the signal E (=B−D+E) is the sub image signal, the contrast of which is adjusted. A signal F is the signal that outline of the signal A is highlighted in the horizontal direction (the signal that the character has a highlighted outline on its right and left sides). Similarly, the contrast adjusting part 14 adjusts the contrast also in the vertical direction. In FIG. 6, the signal F that outline of the signal A is highlighted in the vertical direction (the signal that the character has a highlighted outline on its upside and downside) is obtained by regarding the horizontal axis as the number of horizontal line in the vertical direction and performing the similar signal processing to the horizontal direction.
  • When the contrast value X(n) is large, the width of the peak black level and the peak white level that outline is highlighted is wide. When the contrast value X(n) is small, the width of the peak black level and the peak white level that outline is highlighted is narrow. As substitute for the second embodiment, the depth of the peak black level and the height of the peak white level may be varied depending on the contrast value X(n). The depth and width of the peak black level and the height and width of the peak white level may be varied.
  • The image signal composing part 4 composes the output sub image signal, the brightness and contrast of which are adjusted in the brightness adjusting part 10 and the contrast adjusting part 14 based on the brightness average value and the mean square amplitude of the main image signal and the main image signal read from the buffer memory 3 in sync with time, and transfers the composed signal (second image signal) of the main image signal and the sub image signal to the image signal outputting part 5.
  • According to the image reproducing device and the image reproducing method of the second embodiment, when the brightness of the main image signal is high, the brightness of the sub image is adjusted to be high, and when the brightness of the main image signal is low, the brightness of the sub image is adjusted to be low. Further, when the brightness of the main image signal is high or the contrast of the main image signal is large, the contrast of the sub image is adjusted to be large, and when the brightness of the main image signal is low or the contrast of the main image signal is small, the contrast of the sub image is adjusted to be small. Therefore, it is possible to output an image signal that does not cause much eyestrain and is easily viewable for users.
  • The brightness detecting part 8 and the contrast detecting part 12 may be incorporated into one block to calculate the brightness average value and the contrast of the main image signal concurrently.
  • The brightness adjusting part 10 and the contrast adjusting part 14 may be incorporated into one block to adjust the brightness and the contrast of the sub image signal concurrently.
  • The configuration in which the contrast of the sub image signal is firstly adjusted and then the brightness of the sub image signal is adjusted may be adopted.
  • Third Embodiment
  • Referring to FIG. 7, an image reproducing device (including an image reproducing method) in accordance with a third embodiment of the present invention will be described.
  • FIG. 7 is a block diagram for showing the configuration of the image reproducing device in accordance with the third embodiment of the present invention. The image reproducing device of the third embodiment has the configuration in which an external brightness detecting part 16 and a main signal brightness adjusting part 17 are added to the image reproducing device of the first embodiment. As other elements are identical to those in the image reproducing device of the first embodiment, common blocks are marked with a common reference numeral and therefore the explanation is omitted.
  • The image reproducing device of the third embodiment adjusts the brightness of the main image signal according to the brightness of external light and then calculates the brightness average value of the main image signal, and based on the brightness average value, adjusts the brightness of the sub image signal. The “brightness of external light” refers to the brightness of the place where the image signal (second image signal) output from the image signal outputting part 5 is displayed. Typically, it is an illuminance at a display screen of a display device (not shown) connected to the image signal outputting part 5. In this embodiment, the image signal is an output signal (output signal according to the input light quantity) of a photo detecting device that is located in the periphery of a display screen of the display device connected to the image signal outputting part 5 and receives a part of light radiated from outside toward the display screen.
  • The external brightness detecting part 16 detects the external brightness (illuminance) of the place where the image signal (second image signal) output from the image signal outputting part 5 is displayed and transmits it to the main image brightness adjusting part 17. The main image brightness adjusting part 17 adjusts the brightness of the main image signal input from the main image signal decoding part 2 according to the brightness of external light and transfers the main image signal to the buffer memory 3 and the brightness detecting part 8. The brightness of the main image signal is adjusted to be high when the brightness of external light is high (bright), and adjusted to be low when the brightness of external light is low (dark).
  • The brightness detecting part 8 receives input of the main image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted, and calculates the brightness average value according to the similar method to that of the first embodiment. The brightness adjusting part 10 adjusts the brightness of the sub image signal received from the sub image signal generating part 7 based on the brightness average value of the main image signal according to the similar method to that of the first embodiment and transfers the sub image signal to the image signal composing part 4. The image signal composing part 4 composes the main image signal read from the buffer memory 3 and the sub image signal received from the brightness adjusting part 10 in sync with time and transfers the composed image signal (second image signal) to the image signal outputting part 5. The image signal outputting part 5 transfers the image signal with subtitles (second image signal) to the external display device.
  • The image reproducing device of the third embodiment adjusts the brightness of the main image signal according to the external brightness (illuminance) of the place where the image signal (second image signal) output from the image signal outputting part 5 is displayed and further-adjusts the brightness of the sub image signal based on the brightness average value of the main image signal. The brightness of the sub image signal is adjusted to be high when the external brightness is high, and the brightness of the sub image signal is adjusted to be low when the external brightness is low. The brightness of the sub image signal is adjusted to be easily viewable bright. The image reproducing device of the present invention can output an image that does not cause much eyestrain and is easily viewable for users.
  • Fourth Embodiment
  • Referring to FIG. 8, an image reproducing device (including an image reproducing method) in accordance with a fourth embodiment of the present invention will be described.
  • FIG. 8 is a block diagram for showing the configuration of the image reproducing device in accordance with the fourth embodiment of the present invention. The image reproducing device of the fourth embodiment has the configuration in which the brightness adjusting part 10 of the image reproducing device of the third embodiment is replaced with a brightness adjusting part 18. The brightness adjusting part 18 has a main image brightness and external brightness/sub image brightness correspondence table 19. Common blocks to the image reproducing device of the third embodiment are marked with a common reference numeral and therefore the explanation is omitted.
  • The image reproducing device of the fourth embodiment composes the main image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted based on the brightness (illuminance) of external light, and the sub image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted based on brightness (illuminance) of external light and the brightness average value of the main image signal, the brightness of which is not adjusted, in sync with time and outputs the composed signal.
  • The external brightness detecting part 16 detects the brightness (illuminance) of the place where the image signal (second image signak) output from the image signal outputting part 5 is displayed and transmits it to the main image brightness adjusting part 17 and the brightness adjusting part 18. The main image brightness adjusting part 17 adjusts the main image signal input from the main image signal decoding part 2 according to the brightness of external light and transfers the main image signal the buffer memory 3. The brightness of the main image signal is adjusted to be high when the external brightness is high, and is adjusted to be low when the external brightness is low.
  • The brightness detecting part 8 receives input of the main image signal (the main image signal, the brightness of which is not adjusted according to the brightness of external light) from the main image signal decoding part 2, and calculates the brightness average value according to the similar method to that of the first embodiment. The brightness adjusting part 18 adjusts the brightness of the sub image signal received from the sub image signal generating part 7 based on the brightness average value of the main image signal and the brightness of external light and transfers the sub image signal to the image signal composing part 4. A maximum value and a minimum value for each graduation of plural gradations into which the brightness average value of the main image signal and the brightness of external light are divided and the brightness of the corresponding sub image signal are also written into the main image brightness and external brightness/sub image brightness correspondence table 19. When the brightness average value of the main image signal is high or the external brightness is high, the brightness of the sub image signal is set to be high. When the brightness average value of the main image signal is low or the external brightness is low, the brightness of the sub image signal is set to be low.
  • The image signal composing part 4 composes the main image signal read from the buffer memory 3 and the sub image signal received from the brightness adjusting part 18 in sync with time and transfers the composed image signal (second image signal) to the image signal outputting part 5. The image signal outputting part 5 transfers the image signal with subtitle (second image signal) to the external display device.
  • The image reproducing device of the fourth embodiment composes the main image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted based on the brightness of external light, and the sub image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted based on the brightness of external light and the brightness average value of the main image signal, and outputs the composed signal. Therefore, it is possible to output an image that does not cause much eyestrain and is easily viewable for users.
  • The configuration in which the brightness adjusting part 18 adjusts the brightness of the sub image signal only according to the brightness of external light may be adopted.
  • Fifth Embodiment
  • Referring to FIG. 9, an image reproducing device (including an image reproducing method) in accordance with a fifth embodiment of the present invention will be described.
  • FIG. 9 is a block diagram for showing the configuration of the image reproducing device in accordance with the fifth embodiment of the present invention. The image reproducing device of the fifth embodiment has the configuration in which the contrast detecting part 12 and the contrast adjusting part 14 are added to the image reproducing device of the third embodiment. The contrast adjusting part 14 has the parameter table for adjusting sub image contrast 15. As other elements are identical to those in the image reproducing device of the third embodiment, common blocks are marked with a common reference numeral and therefore the explanation is omitted.
  • The image reproducing device of the fifth embodiment adjusts the brightness of the main image signal according to the brightness of external light and then calculates the brightness average value and the contrast of the main image signal, adjusts the brightness of the sub image signal based on the brightness average value, and adjusts the contrast of the sub image signal based on the brightness average value and the contrast.
  • The contrast detecting part 12 receives input of the main image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted, and calculates the contrast value according to the similar method to that of the second embodiment. The contrast adjusting part 14 adjusts the contrast of the sub image signal received from the brightness adjusting part 10 based on the brightness average value and the contrast of the main image signal according to the similar method to that of the second embodiment and transfers the sub image signal to the image signal composing part 4. The image signal composing part 4 composes the main image signal read from the buffer memory 3 and the sub image signal received from the contrast adjusting part 14 in sync with time and transfers the composed image signal (second image signal) to the image signal outputting part 5. The image signal outputting part 5 transfers the image signal with subtitle (second image signal) to the external display device.
  • The image reproducing device of the fifth embodiment adjusts the brightness of the main image signal according to the external brightness (illuminance) of the place where the image signal (second image signal) output from the image signal outputting part 5 is displayed and further adjusts the brightness and the contrast of the sub image signal based on the brightness average value and the contrast of the main image signal. When the external brightness is high, the sub image signal is adjusted to be high in brightness and large in contrast. When the external brightness is low, the sub image signal is adjusted to be low in brightness and small in contrast. The brightness and the contrast of the sub image signal are adjusted to be easily viewable bright. The image reproducing device of the present invention can output an image that does not cause much eyestrain for users.
  • Sixth Embodiment
  • Referring to FIG. 10, an image reproducing device (including an image reproducing method) in accordance with a sixth embodiment of the present invention will be described.
  • FIG. 10 is a block diagram for showing the configuration of the image reproducing device in accordance with the sixth embodiment of the present invention. The image reproducing device of the sixth embodiment has the configuration in which the contrast detecting part 12 (including a contrast calculating part 13 and a contrast adjusting part 20 (including a parameter table for adjusting sub image contrast 21) are added to the image reproducing device of the fourth embodiment. A maximum value and a minimum value for each graduation of plural gradations into which the brightness average value and the contrast value of the main image signal (the main image signal, brightness of which is not adjusted according to the brightness of external light), and the brightness of external light are divided and the brightness of the corresponding sub image signal are also written into parameter table for adjusting sub image contrast 21. Common blocks to the image reproducing device of the fourth embodiment (FIG. 8) are marked with a common reference numeral and therefore the explanation is omitted.
  • The image reproducing device of the sixth embodiment composes the main image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted based on the brightness (illuminance) of external light, and the sub image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted based on the brightness (illuminance) of external light and the brightness average value of the main image signal, the brightness of which is not adjusted, and the contrast of the sub image signal is adjusted based on the brightness (illuminance) of external light and the brightness average value and the contrast value of the main image signal, the brightness of which is not adjusted, in sync with time, and outputs the composed signal.
  • The external brightness detecting part 16 detects the brightness (illuminance) of the place where the image signal (second image signal) output from the image signal outputting part 5 is displayed and transmits it to the main image brightness adjusting part 17, the brightness adjusting part 18 and the contrast adjusting part 20. The main image brightness adjusting part 17 adjusts the brightness of the main image signal input from the main image signal decoding part 2 and transfers the main image signal to the buffer memory 3. The brightness of the main image signal is adjusted to be high when the brightness of external light is high, and is adjusted to be low when the brightness of external light is low.
  • The contrast detecting part 8 receives input of the main image signal (the main image signal, the brightness of which is not adjusted according to the brightness of external light) from the main image signal decoding part 2, and calculates the brightness average value according to the similar method to that of the first embodiment. The brightness adjusting part 18 adjusts the brightness of the sub image signal received from the sub image signal generating part 7 based on the brightness average value of the main image signal and the brightness of external light and outputs the sub image signal.
  • The contrast detecting part 12 receives input of the main image signal (the main image signal, the brightness of which is not adjusted according to the brightness of external light) from the main image signal decoding part 2 and calculates the contrast value according to the similar method to that of the second embodiment. The contrast adjusting part 20 adjusts the contrast of the sub image signal received from the brightness adjusting part 18 based on the brightness average value and the contrast value of the main image signal and the brightness of external light and transfers the sub image signal to the image signal composing part 4.
  • When the brightness average value of the main image is high, the contrast of the main image is large, or the external brightness is high, the contrast of the sub image signal is adjusted to be large. When the brightness average value of the main image is low, the contrast of the main image is small, or the external brightness is low, the contrast of the sub image signal is adjusted to be small.
  • The image signal composing part 4 composes the main image signal read from the buffer memory 3 and the sub image signal received from the contrast adjusting part 20 in sync with time, and transfers the composed signal (second image signal) to the image signal outputting part 5. The image signal outputting part 5 transfers the image signal with subtitle (second image signal) to the external display device.
  • The image reproducing device of the sixth embodiment composes the main image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted based on the brightness of external light, and the sub image signal, the brightness and the contrast of which are adjusted based on the brightness of external light and the brightness average value and the contrast value of the main image signal, and outputs the composed signal. Therefore, it is possible to output an image that does not cause much eyestrain and is easily viewable for users.
  • In the first embodiment to the sixth embodiment, although calculation of the brightness average value of the main image signal, detection of the contrast of the main image signal, adjustment of the brightness of the sub image signal and adjustment of the contrast of the sub image signal are performed on a field by-field basis, they may be performed by a frame-by-frame basis.
  • In the first embodiment to the sixth embodiment, although the image signal read from a DVD is input to the image signal inputting part 1, other image signal including the main image signal and the sub image signal may be input. The image reproducing device may be, for example, a tuner or television that receives airwave including the main image signal and the sub image signal and displays it on the display.
  • In the first embodiment to the sixth embodiment, the brightness adjusting part 10 uses the table to derive the brightness value of the sub image signal based on the brightness average value of the main image signal. Instead of the table, a predetermined computing equation may be used.
  • In the second, fifth and sixth embodiments, the contrast adjusting part 14 uses the table to derive the contrast of the sub image signal. Instead of the table, a predetermined computing equation may be used.
  • In the first embodiment to the sixth embodiment, the character is represented in white (only the brightness signal). Instead of this, the character may be represented in color. For example, the brightness value superimposed on the colored character is adjusted based on the brightness average value of the main image signal.
  • In the first embodiment to the sixth embodiment, the brightness adjusting part 10 adjusts the brightness of the sub image signal based on only the brightness average value of the main image signal. Instead of this, the brightness adjusting part 10 may adjust the brightness of the sub image signal based on the brightness average value and the contrast of the main image signal.
  • In the second, fifth and sixth embodiments, the contrast adjusting part 14 adjusts the contrast of the sub image signal based on the brightness average value and the contrast of the main image signal. Instead of this, the contrast adjusting part 14 may adjust the contrast of the sub image signal based on only the brightness average value or the contrast of the main image signal. When the contrast adjusting part 14 adjusts the contrast of the sub image signal based on only the brightness average value of the main image signal, the contrast detecting part 12 need not to be provided.
  • The image reproducing device and the image reproducing method of the present invention can control the brightness and/or contrast of the sub image according to the brightness and/or contrast of the main image and has an advantageous effect of minimizing eyestrain of users.
  • Although the invention has been described in its preferred form with a certain degree of particularity, it is understood that the present disclosure of the preferred form has been changed in the details of construction and the combination and arrangement of parts may be resorted to without departing from the spirit and the scope of the invention as hereinafter claimed.
  • INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY
  • The image reproducing device and the image reproducing method of the present invention are useful as an image reproducing device and an image reproducing method including a main image signal and a sub image signal.

Claims (18)

1. An image reproducing device comprising:
an image signal inputting part for receiving input of a first image signal;
a sub image signal generating part for generating a sub image signal from information on a sub image extracted from said first image signal;
a main image signal decoding part for extracting a main image signal from said first image signal and decoding said main image signal;
a brightness detecting part for detecting a brightness of said main image signal and calculating a brightness average value;
a brightness adjusting part for adjusting a brightness of said sub image signal based on said brightness average value;
an image signal composing part for composing said main image signal and said sub image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted, and generating a second image signal; and
an image signal outputting part for outputting said second image signal.
2. An image reproducing device as stated in claim 1 further comprising a contrast adjusting part for adjusting a contrast of said sub image signal based on said brightness average value, wherein
said image signal composing part composes said main image signal and said sub image signal, the brightness and the contrast of which are adjusted, and generates a second image signal.
3. An image reproducing device as stated in claim 1 further comprising a contrast detecting part for detecting a contrast of said main image signal, wherein
said brightness adjusting part adjusts the brightness of the sub image signal based on said brightness average value and said contrast.
4. An image reproducing device as stated in claim 1 further comprising:
a contrast detecting part for detecting the contrast of said main image signal; and
a contrast adjusting part for adjusting the contrast of said sub image signal based on said contrast or said brightness average value and said contrast, wherein
said image signal composing part composes said main image signal and said sub image signal, the brightness and the contrast of which are adjusted, and generates a second image signal.
5. An image reproducing device as stated in claim 1 further comprising:
an external brightness detecting part for detecting an external brightness as a brightness of a space where said second image signal is displayed; and
a main image brightness adjusting part for adjusting the brightness of said main image signal based on said external brightness, wherein
said brightness detecting part detects the brightness of said main image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted, and calculates a brightness average value, and
said image signal composing part composes said main image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted, and said sub image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted or the brightness and the contrast of which are adjusted, and generates a second image signal.
6. An image reproducing device as stated in claim 1 further comprising:
an external brightness detecting part for detecting an external brightness as a brightness of a space where said second image signal is displayed; and
a main image brightness adjusting part for adjusting the brightness of said main image signal based on said external brightness, wherein
said brightness adjusting part adjusts the brightness of the sub image signal based on said external brightness and the brightness of said main image signal, the brightness of which is not adjusted, and
said image signal composing part composes said main image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted, and said sub image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted, and generates a second image signal.
7. An image reproducing device as stated in claim 2 further comprising:
an external brightness detecting part for detecting an external brightness as a brightness of a space where said second image signal is displayed; and
a main image brightness adjusting part for adjusting the brightness of said main image signal based on said external brightness, wherein
said contrast adjusting part adjusts the contrast of said sub image signal based on said external brightness and the brightness of the main image signal, the brightness of which is not adjusted, and
said image signal composing part composes said main image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted, and said sub image signal, the brightness and the contrast of which are adjusted, and generates a second image signal.
8. An image reproducing device as stated in claim 1 further comprising a storing part for storing said main image signal and outputting said main image signal with a delay, wherein
said image signal composing part composes said main image signal, the brightness average value of which is calculated, output from said storing part with a delay and said sub image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted based on said brightness average value.
9. An image reproducing device as stated in claim 1, wherein
when a difference between the brightness average value of said main image signal of a preceding picture and the brightness average value of said main image signal of a present picture is not greater than a predetermined threshold, or when a difference between the brightness value of said sub image signal of the preceding picture and the brightness value of said sub image signal corresponding to the brightness average value of said main image signal of the present picture is not greater than a predetermined threshold, said brightness adjusting part adjusts the brightness of said sub image signal to be a value corresponding to the brightness average value of said main image signal of the present picture at a predetermined time constant, and
when a difference between the brightness average value of said main image signal of a preceding picture and the brightness average value of said main image signal of a present picture is greater than a predetermined threshold, or when a difference between the brightness value of said sub image signal of the preceding picture and the brightness value of said sub image signal corresponding to the brightness average value of said main image signal of the present picture is greater than a predetermined threshold, said brightness adjusting part adjusts the brightness of said sub image signal to be a value corresponding to the brightness average value of said main image signal of the present picture instantly.
10. An image reproducing method comprising:
an image signal inputting step of receiving input of a first image signal;
a sub image signal generating step of generating a sub image signal from information on a sub image extracted from said first image signal;
a main image signal decoding step of extracting a main image signal from said first image signal and decoding said main image signal;
a brightness detecting step of detecting a brightness of said main image signal and calculating a brightness average value;
a brightness adjusting step of adjusting a brightness of said sub image signal based on said brightness average value;
an image signal composing step of composing said main image signal and said sub image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted, and generating a second image signal; and
an image signal outputting step of outputting said second image signal.
11. An image reproducing method as stated in claim 10 further comprising a contrast adjusting step of adjusting a contrast of said sub image signal based on said brightness average value, wherein
said image signal composing step composes said main image signal and said sub image signal, the brightness and the contrast of which are adjusted, and generates a second image signal.
12. An image reproducing method as stated in claim 10 further comprising a contrast detecting step of detecting a contrast of said main image signal, wherein
said brightness adjusting step adjusts the brightness of the sub image signal based on said brightness average value and said contrast.
13. An image reproducing method as stated in claim 10 further comprising:
a contrast detecting step of detecting the contrast of said main image signal; and
a contrast adjusting step of adjusting the contrast of said sub image signal based on said contrast or said brightness average value and said contrast, wherein
said image signal composing step composes said main image signal and said sub image signal, the brightness and the contrast of which are adjusted, and generates a second image signal.
14. An image reproducing method as stated in claim 10 further comprising:
an external brightness detecting step of detecting an external brightness as a brightness of a space where said second image signal is displayed; and
a main image brightness adjusting step of adjusting the brightness of said main image signal based on said external brightness, wherein
said brightness detecting step detects the brightness of said main image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted, and calculates a brightness average value, and
said image signal composing step composes said main image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted, and said sub image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted or the brightness and the contrast of which are adjusted, and generates a second image signal.
15. An image reproducing method as stated in claim 10 further comprising:
an external brightness detecting step of detecting an external brightness as a brightness of a space where said second image signal is displayed; and
a main image brightness adjusting step of adjusting the brightness of said main image signal based on said external brightness, wherein
said brightness adjusting step adjusts the brightness of the sub image signal based on said external brightness and the brightness of said main image signal, the brightness of which is not adjusted, and
said image signal composing step composes said main image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted, and said sub image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted, and generates a second image signal.
16. An image reproducing method as stated in claim 11 further comprising:
an external brightness detecting step of detecting an external brightness as a brightness of a space where said second image signal is displayed; and
a main image brightness adjusting step of adjusting the brightness of said main image signal based on said external brightness, wherein
said contrast adjusting step adjusts the contrast of said sub image signal based on said external brightness and the brightness of the main image signal, the brightness of which is not adjusted, and
said image signal composing step composes said main image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted, and said sub image signal, the brightness and the contrast of which are adjusted, and generates a second image signal.
17. An image reproducing method as stated in claim 10 further comprising a delaying step of storing said main image signal and outputting said main image signal with a delay, wherein
said image signal composing step composes said main image signal, the brightness average value of which is calculated and which is output with a delay by said delaying step, and said sub image signal, the brightness of which is adjusted based on the brightness average value.
18. An image reproducing method as stated in claim 10, wherein
when a difference between the brightness average value of said main image signal of a preceding picture and the brightness average value of said main image signal of a present picture is not greater than a predetermined threshold, or when a difference between the brightness value of said sub image signal of the preceding picture and the brightness value of said sub image signal corresponding to the brightness average value of said main image signal of the present picture is not greater than a predetermined threshold, said brightness adjusting step adjusts the brightness of said sub image signal to be a value corresponding to the brightness average value of said main image signal of the present picture at a predetermined time constant, and
when a difference between the brightness average value of said main image signal of a preceding picture and the brightness average value of said main image signal of a present picture is greater than a predetermined threshold, or when a difference between the brightness value of said sub image signal of the preceding picture and the brightness value of said sub image signal corresponding to the brightness average value of said main image signal of the present picture is greater than a predetermined threshold, said brightness adjusting step adjusts the brightness of said sub image signal to be a value corresponding to the brightness average value of said main image signal of the present picture instantly.
US10/502,369 2002-11-29 2003-12-01 Image reproducing apparatus and image reproducing method Abandoned US20050117813A1 (en)

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