US20050109449A1 - Method of producing latex bonded nonwoven fabric - Google Patents

Method of producing latex bonded nonwoven fabric Download PDF

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US20050109449A1
US20050109449A1 US10723537 US72353703A US2005109449A1 US 20050109449 A1 US20050109449 A1 US 20050109449A1 US 10723537 US10723537 US 10723537 US 72353703 A US72353703 A US 72353703A US 2005109449 A1 US2005109449 A1 US 2005109449A1
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method
vinyl acetate
binder
fibers
nonwoven fabric
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US10723537
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Paul Scott
Ralf Klug
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Celanese International Corp
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Celanese International Corp
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24DCIGARS; CIGARETTES; TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS; MOUTHPIECES FOR CIGARS OR CIGARETTES; MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS OR MOUTHPIECES
    • A24D3/00Tobacco smoke filters, e.g. filter-tips, filtering inserts; Mouthpieces for cigars or cigarettes
    • A24D3/06Use of materials for tobacco smoke filters
    • A24D3/08Use of materials for tobacco smoke filters of organic materials as carrier or major constituent
    • A24D3/10Use of materials for tobacco smoke filters of organic materials as carrier or major constituent of cellulose or cellulose derivatives
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24DCIGARS; CIGARETTES; TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS; MOUTHPIECES FOR CIGARS OR CIGARETTES; MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS OR MOUTHPIECES
    • A24D3/00Tobacco smoke filters, e.g. filter-tips, filtering inserts; Mouthpieces for cigars or cigarettes
    • A24D3/06Use of materials for tobacco smoke filters
    • A24D3/14Use of materials for tobacco smoke filters of organic materials as additive
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L33/00Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and only one being terminated by only one carboxyl radical, or of salts, anhydrides, esters, amides, imides or nitriles thereof; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L33/04Homopolymers or copolymers of esters
    • C08L33/06Homopolymers or copolymers of esters of esters containing only carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, which oxygen atoms are present only as part of the carboxyl radical
    • C08L33/08Homopolymers or copolymers of acrylic acid esters
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04HMAKING TEXTILE FABRICS, e.g. FROM FIBRES OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL; FABRICS MADE BY SUCH PROCESSES OR APPARATUS, e.g. FELTS, NON-WOVEN FABRICS; COTTON-WOOL; WADDING NON-WOVEN FABRICS FROM STAPLE FIBRES, FILAMENTS OR YARNS, BONDED WITH AT LEAST ONE WEB-LIKE MATERIAL DURING THEIR CONSOLIDATION
    • D04H1/00Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres
    • D04H1/40Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties
    • D04H1/58Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties by applying, incorporating or activating chemical or thermoplastic bonding agents, e.g. adhesives
    • D04H1/587Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties by applying, incorporating or activating chemical or thermoplastic bonding agents, e.g. adhesives characterised by the bonding agents used
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04HMAKING TEXTILE FABRICS, e.g. FROM FIBRES OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL; FABRICS MADE BY SUCH PROCESSES OR APPARATUS, e.g. FELTS, NON-WOVEN FABRICS; COTTON-WOOL; WADDING NON-WOVEN FABRICS FROM STAPLE FIBRES, FILAMENTS OR YARNS, BONDED WITH AT LEAST ONE WEB-LIKE MATERIAL DURING THEIR CONSOLIDATION
    • D04H1/00Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres
    • D04H1/40Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties
    • D04H1/58Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties by applying, incorporating or activating chemical or thermoplastic bonding agents, e.g. adhesives
    • D04H1/64Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties by applying, incorporating or activating chemical or thermoplastic bonding agents, e.g. adhesives the bonding agent being applied in wet state, e.g. chemical agents in dispersions or solutions
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04HMAKING TEXTILE FABRICS, e.g. FROM FIBRES OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL; FABRICS MADE BY SUCH PROCESSES OR APPARATUS, e.g. FELTS, NON-WOVEN FABRICS; COTTON-WOOL; WADDING NON-WOVEN FABRICS FROM STAPLE FIBRES, FILAMENTS OR YARNS, BONDED WITH AT LEAST ONE WEB-LIKE MATERIAL DURING THEIR CONSOLIDATION
    • D04H1/00Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres
    • D04H1/70Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres characterised by the method of forming fleeces or layers, e.g. reorientation of fibres
    • D04H1/72Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres characterised by the method of forming fleeces or layers, e.g. reorientation of fibres the fibres being randomly arranged
    • D04H1/732Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres characterised by the method of forming fleeces or layers, e.g. reorientation of fibres the fibres being randomly arranged by fluid current, e.g. air-lay
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04HMAKING TEXTILE FABRICS, e.g. FROM FIBRES OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL; FABRICS MADE BY SUCH PROCESSES OR APPARATUS, e.g. FELTS, NON-WOVEN FABRICS; COTTON-WOOL; WADDING NON-WOVEN FABRICS FROM STAPLE FIBRES, FILAMENTS OR YARNS, BONDED WITH AT LEAST ONE WEB-LIKE MATERIAL DURING THEIR CONSOLIDATION
    • D04H1/00Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres
    • D04H1/70Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres characterised by the method of forming fleeces or layers, e.g. reorientation of fibres
    • D04H1/76Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres characterised by the method of forming fleeces or layers, e.g. reorientation of fibres otherwise than in a plane, e.g. in a tubular way
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T442/00Fabric [woven, knitted, or nonwoven textile or cloth, etc.]
    • Y10T442/60Nonwoven fabric [i.e., nonwoven strand or fiber material]

Abstract

An aqueous based polymer binder that is useful for consolidating nonwoven fabrics made from cellulosic fibers. The polymer binder comprises one or more polymer compositions and is stabilized by one or more high molecular weight protective colloids. While the binder may be utilized with unconsolidated nonwoven fabric webs made by a variety of methods, the binder is particularly useful for application to webs made via the latex bonded airlaid or multibonded airlaid methods. The consolidated fabric upon converting is acceptable for use in cigarette filters as an alternative to cellulose acetate fibers.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention is directed to a composition and method for producing bonded nonwoven fabric. The fabric may be consolidated via various methods, including the latex bonded airlaid and multibonded airlaid methods and may then be converted to produce filters for cigarettes.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • Nonwoven fabrics comprise filaments or fibers that are consolidated by a means other than traditional textile technologies and may be utilized in a wide variety of applications requiring a wide variety of properties. Generally, nonwoven fabrics differ from traditional textiles in that nonwoven fabrics do not depend upon the interlacing of yarn for internal cohesion, as do traditional textiles. Nonwoven fabrics comprise fibers or filaments that may be natural, man-made or mineral in origin, or mixtures thereof. The fibers or filaments may be deposited in a web, at random, or orientated in specific directions. The web commonly has little or no strength as first laid down and must be consolidated by external mechanical, thermal or chemical means. The structural integrity of the nonwoven fabric is thus obtained by an external consolidation of the fibers and filaments.
  • Nonwoven webs are typically formed through a variety of processes. One commonly utilized method for forming nonwoven fabric webs is the latex bonded airlaid method. In the latex bonded airlaid method, fibers that are usually short in length are fed into a forming head via an air stream. The fibers travel along with the air stream until they reach a moving wire upon which they are laid down to form a randomly orientated web. A variety of different types of fibers may be utilized in this method, however short fluff pulp fibers (typically 3-12 mm in length sourcing from treated or untreated pulp) are preferred. The latex bonded airlaid method provides fast manufacturing speeds and produces nonwoven fabrics that are useful in absorbent products and filters/filtration. A variation of the latex bonded airlaid method is the multibonded airlaid method in which low melting synthetic fibers are used to consolidate the cellulosic fibers with a low level binder on either face of the web to control dusting. A third method of forming nonwoven fabric webs is the drylaid carded method. The drylaid carded method is a mechanical process in which bales of fibers are mixed and then combed into a web by a carding machine. The drylaid method favors long, crimped synthetic fibers in order to achieve entanglement.
  • A further method of forming nonwoven fabric webs is the wetlaid method. In the wetlaid method a dilute slurry of water and fibers is deposited on a moving wire screen and systematically dewatered to form the base web. The wetlaid method can be utilized with a broad range of fiber types. The spunlaid method produces fabric webs by extruding molten polymer granules through spinnerets. The filaments are cooled and deposited onto a moving conveyor to form a web. Other web-forming methods include the meltblown method, in which thermoplastic polymer granules are extruded into a high velocity airstream, solidified and broken into a fibrous web and the flashspun method in which a polymer is dissolved in a solvent and sprayed into a collecting vessel. The polymer/solvent mixture is decompressed by passing through spinnerets and the solvent is then flashed off to leave a network of fibers. The web produced by the spunlaid method has some limited structural integrity, but generally not sufficient consolidation to produce a viable fabric.
  • Typically, drylaid webs, both airlaid and carded, together with wetlaid have little strength in their unconsolidated form and require external chemical, thermal or mechanical consolidation to provide strength. The process and binder of the present invention are primarily utilized in the chemical consolidation process. In the chemical consolidation process a liquid-based bonding agent is applied to the web. The binder is typically an emulsion, produced by the process of emulsion polymerization that contains one or more monomers that are stabilized with water-based surfactants, colloids or both. In practice, water-soluble initiators are added and the monomer polymerizes to produce a dispersion of solid particles in water. The process is exothermic and the water enables heat transfer during the reaction and provides an acceptable carrier for the polymer. In addition to providing consolidation, the binder imparts many other varying properties to the web. For example, the binder may add functionality, such as antimicrobial properties, to the web and it may add properties such as durability, softness or stiffness and color/opacity.
  • The binder may be applied to the web via various methods. One method of application is the air—spray bonding method in which the binder is fed from a sealed pressurized vessel through a spray boom into spray nozzles that atomize the binder over the web to provide a homogeneous distribution over the fibers. The airlaid air—spray bonding method alternates steps of passing the web through spray nozzles and drying/curing ovens. For airlaid air—spray bonding, the binder is typically diluted to between 10 to about 35% non-volatile content in order to achieve satisfactory atomization. Nonwoven fabrics can be used in the manufacture of cigarette filter tips. Such manufacture is usually undertaken at high speed and the binders must not include ingredients that are prohibited by the regulatory requirements of the country of manufacture. Traditionally, cellulose acetate fibers have been utilized as cigarette filter tips, however these fibers do not always meet all regulatory requirements. Further, cellulose acetate fibers produce inhalable dust during converting that could potentially lead to health and safety issues for the manufacturer. Finally, cellulose acetate fibers are generally not considered to offer sufficient resiliency for the end use application.
  • For these reasons, it would be advantageous to provide a binder composition and method of application of the binder composition for the manufacture of nonwoven fabrics that would reduce or eliminate the existing disadvantages in the existing processes for manufacturing nonwoven materials for use in cigarette filters. In particular, it would be advantageous to provide a polymer binder and method for applying the binder to consolidate cellulosic fluff pulp fibers, wherein the polymer binder comprises materials that are allowed for use in cigarette filters by the regulatory agencies of many countries.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention provides an aqueous based polymer binder that is especially useful for consolidating nonwoven fabrics made from cellulosic fibers. The polymer binder comprises one or more polymers and is therefore by definition either a homopolymer or copolymer and stabilized with one or more high molecular weight protective colloids. The polymers and the stabilizing agent should be acceptable for use as cigarette filters under the regulatory requirements of most countries. While the binder may be utilized with unconsolidated nonwoven fabric webs made by a variety of methods, the binder is particularly useful for webs made via the latex bonded airlaid and multibonded airlaid methods and to be utilized as cigarette filter material.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • The present invention discloses an aqueous based polymer binder in the form of an emulsion polymer for application to fibers, filaments and other filling materials in order to consolidate them into nonwoven fabrics, and in particular fabrics for use as cigarette filters. The binder is formed of synthetic polymer particles that are dispersed in water. The dispersion may be formed via various means known to those skilled in the art, including emulsion polymerization, inverse emulsion polymerization, suspension polymerization and the dispersion of particles into water which are stabilized using colloid stabilizers, surfactants or both, where colloids are the preferred species. Conventional batch, semi-batch or semi-continuous polymerization procedures may be utilized. Generally, monomers are polymerized in an aqueous medium in the presence of an initiator system and at least one stabilizing agent, such as a high molecular weight protective colloid, to form the emulsion polymer binder. To control the generation of free radicals during the polymerization process, a transition metal, such as an iron salt, is often used.
  • The polymer of the binder may be either a copolymer or a homopolymer. As used herein, a copolymer is a polymer formed from two or more different monomers and may have random, block, tapered block or other known architecture, which is in contrast to a homopolymer which contains solely one monomer. The monomers that may be utilized with the invention include ethylene, vinyl acetate, and vinyl esters of aliphatic carboxylic acids containing chain lengths of up to C18. The compositions that would result from the polymerization of the monomers include vinyl acetate homopolymers, vinyl acetate/ethylene copolymers, and copolymers of vinyl acetate with vinyl esters of long-chain saturated aliphatic carboxylic acids with chain lengths up to C18, e.g. vinyl acetate/veova copolymers. Compositional examples would include vinyl acetate homopolymers consisting solely of 100 percent vinyl acetate, copolymers of vinyl acetate and ethylene in the ratios of vinyl acetate to ethylene of (99 to 65) to (1 to 35), copolymers of vinyl acetate with veova in the ratios vinyl acetate (99 to 70) and veova (1 to 30). These polymer compositions are preferred because they are permitted for use in items such as cigarette filters by the regulatory agencies of many countries. Vinyl acetate/ethylene copolymers are most preferred for use in the binder for the consolidation of webs of fluff pulp used to manufacture cigarette filters.
  • A stabilizing system of a high molecular weight protective colloid is utilized in conjunction with the monomer or monomers. Preferred high molecular weight protective colloids include polyvinyl alcohol, ethylcellulose, hydroxyethylcellulose, methylcellulose, hydroxymethycellulose, carboxymethylcellulose, sodium, potassium, and magnesium salts of carboxymethylcellulose, dextrins, gum arabic and mixtures thereof. These high molecular weight protective colloids are preferred because they are permitted for use in items such as cigarette filters by the regulatory agencies of many countries. Polyvinyl alcohols are preferred for stabilizing the binder used to consolidate fluff pulp used to manufacture nonwoven fabric for use in cigarette filters. The stabilizing system preferably in within the range of about 1 to about 15 parts per hundred of the monomer. It should be noted that low molecular weight emulsifying agents i.e. surfactants are not permitted by the regulations of many countries for use in cigarette filters. The binder may also optionally contain certain types of preservatives providing they are food contact approved, and the binder should be in compliance with regulatory requirements such as the US Food and Drug Agency's regulations 175.105/176.170/176.180 and the German Tobacco Ordinance (Deutsche Tabakverordnung).
  • The binder emulsion formed with the above monomer and stabilizing system has a solids level in the range of about 35 to about 60 percent and most preferably in the range of about 45 to about 55 percent. The emulsion may be further diluted with water if desired. The binder has a Tg (Glass transition temperature) in the range of about −40° C. to about +40° C. and preferably in the range of about −20° C. to about 35° C. The binder is applied to the fibers, filaments and other filling materials of the web to produce the nonwoven fabric in the range of about 70 to about 98 parts by weight dry fibers/fillers to about 30 to about 2 parts by weight of dry binder being illustrative of both latex bonded airlaid and multibonded airlaid configurations.
  • Typical examples of physical properties of latex bonded airlaid fabric for use as cigarette filters are as follows:
  • Basis weight (grams per square meter) in the range of about 40 to about 70 gsm with a preferred weight in the range of about 50 to about 60 gsm.
  • Caliper in millimeters in the range of about 0.7 to about 1.5 where the preferred caliper is in the range of about 0.8 to about 1.3 mm.
  • Dry strength in the Machine direction (MD) in Newtons per 5 cm in the range of about 5 to about 25 N/5 cm with preferred dry strength in the range of about 10 to about 20 N/5 cm at a tensiometer separation speed of 100 millimeters per minute.
  • While not intending to be limited in any manner, the present invention may be better understood by reference to the following example.
  • EXAMPLE
  • Six webs of cellulosic fluff pulp fibers were formed via the airlaid method. The webs were each consolidated with a polymer binder according to the present invention. The results are shown in Table 1.
    TABLE 1
    Latex bonded Airlaid nonwoven fabric - configuration details after
    consolidation
    Dry Wet
    Basis Thickness Tensile Tensile Dry Dry Fiber
    Polymer Wt (Caliper in Density (MD, (MD, Elongation to Binder
    Binder* (gsm) mm) (g/cm−3) N/5 cm) N/5 cm) (%) Ratio
    VA 56.9 1.05 0.054 17.6 4.6 8 85:15
    VA/E 54.6 0.95 0.057 15.6 3.5 11 85:15
    (8% E)
    VA/E 54.0 0.95 0.057 14.1 1.4 15 85:15
    (12% E)
    VA/E** 55.1 1.05 0.052 8.8 0.7 17 88:12
    (16% E)
    VA/E 56.3 1.00 0.056 11.2 1.1 15 85:15
    (16% E)
    VA/E 55.8 1.00 0.056 18.3 1.4 18 82:18
    (16% E)

    *All are colloid stabilized

    VA = Vinyl Acetate

    E = Ethylene
  • As shown in Table 1, the application of a binder in the ratio of about 12 to about 18 (dry weight) with fibres in the ratio of 88 to 82 (dry weight) to form a web results in a nonwoven fabric having acceptable tensile strength and elongation percentage for converting purposes. Further, all of the configurations, with the exception of the binder/structure marked with **, resulted in a nonwoven fabric that did not produce any dust during converting. This is in contrast to the known cellulose acetate fibers that produce dusting during converting. The binder/structure marked ** produced only a slight amount of dust during converting.
  • Many modifications and variations of this invention can be made without departing from its spirit and scope, as will be apparent to those skilled in the art. The specific embodiments described herein are offered by way of example only, and the invention is to be limited only by the terms of the appended claims, along with the full scope of equivalents to which such claims are entitled.

Claims (11)

  1. 1. A method of producing a nonwoven fabric for use in cigarette filters comprising the steps of forming a web of fibers, and optionally other filling components, via the latex bonded airlaid or multibonded airlaid method and coating the web with an aqueous based polymer binder comprising one or more polymer compositions and one or more stabilizing agents, wherein the nonwoven fabric comprises in the range of about 30 to about 2 parts by dry weight of the binder and in the range of about 70 to about 98 parts by dry weight of the fibers and other filling components, and wherein the binder, fibers and filling components are acceptable for use in cigarette filter applications.
  2. 2. The method of claim 1, wherein the fibers comprise fluff pulp fibers.
  3. 3. The method of claim 1, wherein the binder comprises one or more polymer compositions selected from the group consisting of vinyl acetate homopolymers, ethylene vinyl acetate copolymers, copolymers of vinyl acetate with vinyl esters of long-chain saturated aliphatic carboxylic acids with lengths up to C18, vinyl acetate/veova copolymers and mixtures thereof.
  4. 4. The method of claim 3, wherein the one or more polymers are polymerized from monomers selected from the group consisting of ethylene, vinyl acetate, vinyl esters of aliphatic carboxylic acids having chain lengths up to C18 and mixtures thereof.
  5. 5. The method of claim 1, wherein the one or more stabilizing agents are high molecular weight protective colloids.
  6. 6. The method of claim 5, wherein the high molecular weight protective colloids are selected from the group consisting of polyvinyl alcohol, ethylcellulose, hydroxyethylcellulose, methylcellulose, hydroxymethycellulose, carboxymethylcellulose, sodium, potassium, and magnesium salts of carboxymethylcellulose, dextrins, gum arabic and mixtures thereof.
  7. 7. A nonwoven fabric for use in cigarette filters made according to the method of claim 1.
  8. 8. A polymer binder composition for use in the consolidation of nonwoven fabric webs for application in cigarette filters comprising one or more polymer compositions and one or more high molecular weight protective colloids, wherein the polymers are polymerized from monomers selected from the group consisting of ethylene, vinyl acetate and vinyl esters of aliphatic carboxylic acids with chain lengths of up to C18.
  9. 9. The polymer binder composition of claim 8, wherein the one or more high molecular weight protective colloids are selected from the group consisting of polyvinyl alcohol, ethylcellulose, hydroxyethylcellulose, methylcellulose, hydroxymethycellulose, carboxymethylcellulose, sodium, potassium, and magnesium salts of carboxymethylcellulose, dextrins, gum arabic and mixtures thereof.
  10. 10. The polymer binder composition of claim 8, wherein the polymer composition is selected from the group consisting of vinyl acetate homopolymers, ethylene vinyl acetate copolymers, copolymers of vinyl acetate with vinyl esters of long-chain saturated aliphatic carboxylic acids with lengths up to C18, vinyl acetate/veova copolymers and mixtures thereof.
  11. 11. A nonwoven fabric for use in cigarette filters comprising the polymer binder composition of claim 8.
US10723537 2003-11-26 2003-11-26 Method of producing latex bonded nonwoven fabric Abandoned US20050109449A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10723537 US20050109449A1 (en) 2003-11-26 2003-11-26 Method of producing latex bonded nonwoven fabric

Applications Claiming Priority (7)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10723537 US20050109449A1 (en) 2003-11-26 2003-11-26 Method of producing latex bonded nonwoven fabric
DE200460023467 DE602004023467D1 (en) 2003-11-26 2004-11-24 A process for the preparation of latex bonded nonwoven
EP20040027834 EP1535525B1 (en) 2003-11-26 2004-11-24 Method of producing latex bonded nonwoven fabric
ES04027834T ES2333015T3 (en) 2003-11-26 2004-11-24 Method of manufacturing a nonwoven fabric bonded with latex.
AT04027834T AT444684T (en) 2003-11-26 2004-11-24 A process for the manufacture of latex-bonded nonwoven
CN 200410104721 CN1625987A (en) 2003-11-26 2004-11-26 Method of producing latex bonded nonwoven fabric
US11488223 US7789088B2 (en) 2003-11-26 2006-07-18 Cigarette filters including latex bonded nonwoven fabric

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US11488223 Division US7789088B2 (en) 2003-11-26 2006-07-18 Cigarette filters including latex bonded nonwoven fabric

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US11488223 Expired - Fee Related US7789088B2 (en) 2003-11-26 2006-07-18 Cigarette filters including latex bonded nonwoven fabric

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EP (1) EP1535525B1 (en)
CN (1) CN1625987A (en)
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ES (1) ES2333015T3 (en)

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US7962993B2 (en) 2005-09-30 2011-06-21 First Quality Retail Services, Llc Surface cleaning pad having zoned absorbency and method of making same
CN105200843A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-12-30 云南瑞升烟草技术(集团)有限公司 Drying groove paper for filter rod and preparation method thereof

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US7694379B2 (en) 2005-09-30 2010-04-13 First Quality Retail Services, Llc Absorbent cleaning pad and method of making same
US7962993B2 (en) 2005-09-30 2011-06-21 First Quality Retail Services, Llc Surface cleaning pad having zoned absorbency and method of making same
US8026408B2 (en) 2005-09-30 2011-09-27 First Quality Retail Services, Llc Surface cleaning pad having zoned absorbency and method of making same
CN105200843A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-12-30 云南瑞升烟草技术(集团)有限公司 Drying groove paper for filter rod and preparation method thereof

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US7789088B2 (en) 2010-09-07 grant
EP1535525A1 (en) 2005-06-01 application
CN1625987A (en) 2005-06-15 application
US20060255491A1 (en) 2006-11-16 application
DE602004023467D1 (en) 2009-11-19 grant
EP1535525B1 (en) 2009-10-07 grant
ES2333015T3 (en) 2010-02-16 grant

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