US20050100755A1 - Decorative grass having optical effect - Google Patents

Decorative grass having optical effect Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20050100755A1
US20050100755A1 US11013529 US1352904A US2005100755A1 US 20050100755 A1 US20050100755 A1 US 20050100755A1 US 11013529 US11013529 US 11013529 US 1352904 A US1352904 A US 1352904A US 2005100755 A1 US2005100755 A1 US 2005100755A1
Authority
US
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
material
sheet
optical effect
sleeve
iridescent
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US11013529
Inventor
Donald Weder
Original Assignee
Weder Donald E.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41GARTIFICIAL FLOWERS; WIGS; MASKS; FEATHERS
    • A41G1/00Artificial flowers, fruit, leaves, or trees; Garlands
    • A41G1/009Artificial grass
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47GHOUSEHOLD OR TABLE EQUIPMENT
    • A47G7/00Flower holders or the like
    • A47G7/02Devices for supporting flower-pots or cut flowers
    • A47G7/08Covers for flower-pots, e.g. ornamental pots
    • A47G7/085Covers for flower-pots, e.g. ornamental pots made of flexible sheets of non-resilient material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C5/00Processes for producing special ornamental bodies
    • B44C5/06Natural ornaments; Imitations thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44FSPECIAL DESIGNS OR PICTURES
    • B44F1/00Designs or pictures characterised by special or unusual light effects
    • B44F1/08Designs or pictures characterised by special or unusual light effects characterised by colour effects
    • B44F1/10Changing, amusing, or secret pictures
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44FSPECIAL DESIGNS OR PICTURES
    • B44F1/00Designs or pictures characterised by special or unusual light effects
    • B44F1/08Designs or pictures characterised by special or unusual light effects characterised by colour effects
    • B44F1/14Iridescent effects
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B25/00Packaging other articles presenting special problems
    • B65B25/02Packaging agricultural or horticultural products
    • B65B25/026Packaging flower pots
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B43/00Forming, feeding, opening or setting-up containers or receptacles in association with packaging
    • B65B43/08Forming three-dimensional containers from sheet material
    • B65B43/10Forming three-dimensional containers from sheet material by folding the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B61/00Miscellaneous auxiliary devices operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers, or packages, and not otherwise provided for
    • B65B61/02Miscellaneous auxiliary devices operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers, or packages, and not otherwise provided for for perforating, scoring, slitting, or applying code or date marks on material prior to packaging
    • B65B61/025Miscellaneous auxiliary devices operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers, or packages, and not otherwise provided for for perforating, scoring, slitting, or applying code or date marks on material prior to packaging for applying, e.g. printing, code or date marks on material prior to packaging
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D85/00Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials
    • B65D85/50Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials for living organisms, articles or materials sensitive to changes of environment or atmospheric conditions, e.g. land animals, birds, fish, water plants, non-aquatic plants, flower bulbs, cut flowers or foliage
    • B65D85/505Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials for living organisms, articles or materials sensitive to changes of environment or atmospheric conditions, e.g. land animals, birds, fish, water plants, non-aquatic plants, flower bulbs, cut flowers or foliage for cut flowers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D85/00Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials
    • B65D85/50Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials for living organisms, articles or materials sensitive to changes of environment or atmospheric conditions, e.g. land animals, birds, fish, water plants, non-aquatic plants, flower bulbs, cut flowers or foliage
    • B65D85/52Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials for living organisms, articles or materials sensitive to changes of environment or atmospheric conditions, e.g. land animals, birds, fish, water plants, non-aquatic plants, flower bulbs, cut flowers or foliage for living plants; for growing bulbs

Abstract

Decorative grass having an optical effect constructed of a sheet of material aligned with and bonded to a substantially iridescent sheet of material to form an optical effect material. The optical effect material is shredded to produce a plurality of strips of decorative grass having an optical effect. A third sheet of material can be aligned with and bonded to the iridescent sheet of material, wherein the sheets of material laminated to the iridescent sheet are light transmitting. The first sheet of material laminated to the iridescent sheet of material can be constructed from paper, polymeric film, metallized film, fabric, burlap, or combinations thereof.

Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • This application is a continuation of U.S. Ser. No. 10/345,792, filed Jan. 15, 2003, now abandoned; which is a continuation-in-part of U.S. Ser. No. 10/301,153, filed Nov. 20, 2002, entitled “DECORATIVE ELEMENTS AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING SAME”; which is a continuation of U.S. Ser. No. 10/068,241, filed Feb. 6, 2002, entitled “DECORATIVE ELEMENTS AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING SAME,” now abandoned; which is a continuation of co-pending U.S. Ser. No. 09/538,412, filed Mar. 29, 2000, entitled “METHOD OF FORMING CURLED OR DECORATIVE ELEMENTS HAVING AN OPTICAL EFFECT”; which is a continuation of U.S. Ser. No. 09/226,321, filed Jan. 6, 1999, entitled “METHOD OF FORMING CURLED OR. CRIMPED DECORATIVE ELEMENTS HAVING AN OPTICAL EFFECT,” now abandoned; which is a continuation of U.S. Ser. No. 08/796,182, filed Feb. 7, 1997, entitled “METHOD OF FORMING CURLED OR CRIMPED DECORATIVE ELEMENTS HAVING AN OPTICAL EFFECT,” now U.S. Pat. No. 5,891,286; which is a continuation of U.S. Ser. No. 08/245,094, filed May 17, 1994, entitled “METHODS OF FORMING CURLED OR CRIMPED DECORATIVE ELEMENTS HAVING AN OPTICAL EFFECT,” now abandoned; which is a continuation-in-part of U.S. Ser. No. 08/179,057, filed Jan. 7, 1994, entitled “OPTICAL EFFECT MATERIAL AND METHODS,” now U.S. Pat. No. 5,576,089; the contents of which are hereby expressly incorporated herein by reference.
  • FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • This invention relates to decorative grass and particularly decorative grass having an optical effect, used to both cushion objects and as decorative shredded material, slit material or cut material.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an optical effect material constructed in accordance with the present invention, showing a bonding material disposed on a lower surface of a second sheet of material which connects the second sheet of material to an adjacent first sheet of material to form the optical effect material.
  • FIG. 2 is a top plan view of an upper surface of the first sheet of material constructed in accordance with the present invention, the upper and lower surfaces of the first sheet of material being identical.
  • FIG. 3 is top plan view of an upper surface of the second sheet of material constructed in accordance with the present invention.
  • FIG. 4 is a perspective view of another embodiment of the optical effect material of the present invention, but showing the second sheet of material as a plurality of strips of material which are spaced a distance apart and laminated to the upper surface of the first sheet of material.
  • FIG. 5 is a perspective view of another embodiment of the present invention, but showing a third sheet of material disposed adjacent and connected to the upper surface of the second sheet of material, which is also disposed adjacent to the first sheet of material.
  • FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a plurality of sheets of optical effect material constructed in accordance with the present invention forming a continuous roll of sheets, the sheets separated by perforations, and the roll partially unrolled to reveal a single sheet still attached thereto.
  • FIG. 7 is a perspective view showing a roll of optical effect material wherein the roll of optical effect material is disposed in a dispenser for separating the roll into separate sheets of optical effect material and dispensing the separate sheets of optical effect material from the roll of optical effect material.
  • FIG. 8 is a perspective view showing a roll of optical effect material wherein the roll comprises a single sheet of optical effect material.
  • FIG. 9 is a perspective view of a pad of sheets of optical effect material constructed in accordance with the present invention, showing an edge of the top sheet lifted, exposing the second sheet (each sheet of optical effect material, shown as only one sheet, comprising a first sheet of material and a second sheet of material).
  • FIG. 10 is a perspective view of the pad of sheets of optical effect material shown in FIG. 9, but showing the top sheet of material being detached from the pad of sheets of optical effect material.
  • FIG. 11 is a perspective view of a roll of optical effect material constructed in accordance with the present invention (the first sheet and the second sheet shown as combined into a single sheet), showing a knife edge being actuated by an actuator to cut at least a portion of the roll of optical effect material into elongated strips of optical effect material.
  • FIG. 12 is a perspective view of the roll of optical effect material of FIG. 11, but showing the knife edge being actuated in a second direction, to cut the elongated strips of optical effect material into small pieces of optical effect material.
  • FIG. 13 is a perspective view of a floral grouping disposed on a sheet of optical effect material.
  • FIG. 14 is a perspective view of the floral grouping of FIG. 13 being wrapped in one method of wrapping.
  • FIG. 15 is a perspective view of the floral grouping wrapped in a conical fashion.
  • FIG. 16 is a perspective view of another method of using a sheet of optical effect material to wrap a floral grouping in a cylindrical fashion.
  • FIG. 17 is a perspective view of another embodiment of the sheet of optical effect material of the present invention, and a pot disposed upon the sheet.
  • FIG. 18 is a perspective view of the sheet of optical effect material of FIG. 17, but showing the sheet of material partially wrapped about the flower pot.
  • FIG. 19 is a perspective view of the sheet of optical effect material wrapped about the flower pot.
  • FIG. 20 is a perspective view of a preformed decorative pot cover formed from a sheet of optical effect material.
  • FIG. 21 is a perspective view of the preformed decorative pot cover of FIG. 20, showing a potted plant disposed into the preformed decorative pot cover.
  • FIG. 22 is a perspective view of another embodiment of the present invention, showing a wrapper comprising a sleeve for wrapping a floral grouping, constructed in accordance with the optical effect material of the present invention.
  • FIG. 23 is a perspective view of the wrapper of FIG. 22, but showing the floral grouping disposed inside of the wrapper with a bloom portion of the floral grouping disposed adjacent a first end of the sleeve and a stem portion of the floral grouping extending from a second end of the sleeve.
  • FIG. 24 is a perspective view of the wrapper of FIG. 23, but showing the wrapper crimped about the stem portion of the floral grouping, the crimped portion forming overlapping folds.
  • FIG. 25 is a perspective view of a modified wrapper similar to the wrapper shown in FIG. 24 but having a bonding material disposed on an outer surface of the sleeve, and showing the wrapper crimped about the stem portion of the floral grouping, the crimped portion forming overlapping folds.
  • FIG. 26 is a perspective view of another embodiment of the present invention, showing a wrapper comprising a sleeve for covering a flower pot, the sleeve having vertical perforations that are torn at an upper portion of the sleeve.
  • FIG. 27 is a perspective view of the wrapper of FIG. 26, but showing the vertical perforation torn open and the sleeve also having circumferential perforations that are being torn.
  • FIG. 28 is a perspective view of the wrapper of FIGS. 26 and 27, but showing the upper portion of the sleeve torn away and the remaining lower portion of the sleeve forming a decorative cover about the pot.
  • FIG. 29 is a perspective view of still another embodiment of the present invention, showing a wrapper for a floral grouping, wherein the wrapper is sized to wrap a floral grouping having a single bloom and single stem.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS The Embodiments of FIGS. 1-5
  • Iridescent material is frequently used in confetti, glitter, flakes, tinsel, labels, decals, stickers, sequins, decorative shredded material, such as, but not by way of limitation, decorative grasses (such decorative shredded material also being called herein “filamentary portions”), and other decorative gift and floral wrapping material, because of its changing, multicolor effect. This optical effect is expensive to produce. In some products, such as, but not by way of limitation, confetti, glitter, and decorative grasses, the items are sold by weight, and not volume. Therefore, it is expensive to supply the quantity of iridescent decorative material to meet the desired weight of these products.
  • The present invention describes a method which is significantly less expensive (that is, approximately one-third less expensive) to supply the same weight of iridescent material for such items as confetti, flakes, such as, for example, decorative metallic flakes, glitter, decorative flakes, and other very small decorative die-cut items, such as sequins, stars, and the like, and decorative shredded material, such as, but not by way of limitation, decorative grasses, and other decorative materials sold by weight rather than volume (the forgoing decorative items also termed herein “decorative elements”). The present invention contemplates laminating a light transmitting material such as, but not by way of limitation, a clear plastic sheet of material, or a tinted material, or a metallic material, to the iridescent material. Such a light transmitting material permits the iridescent qualities of the iridescent sheet of material to be transmitted and seen through the laminated light transmitting material. This lamination of the light transmitting material to the iridescent material increases the weight of the resulting product while maintaining a selected volume range. The light transmitting material is much less expensive to produce or purchase than is a similar weight of iridescent material. In this manner, the manufacturer is provided a considerable cost savings, while maintaining the quality and standards of the products, as expected by consumers.
  • Similarly, lamination of light transmitting material over iridescent material is contemplated for providing floral wrapping material and for providing material to wrap flower pots or plant containers (or for providing preformed flower pot covers and other decorative covers). Differing effects are provided via the lamination technique, combined with other techniques, such as, but not by way of limitation, embossing the iridescent material and/or the light transmitting material and/or other materials prior to lamination and then laminating the two or more materials together. Additional characteristics of the iridescent material, the light transmitting material, and other relevant materials are described herein, and present a variety of interesting, unusual, and decorative effects when two or more different materials are laminated together. Such a combination maintains the iridescent characteristics while creating additional interesting effects hereby creating a decorative optical effect material. Shown in FIG. 1 and designated therein by the general reference numeral 10 is an optical effect material. The material comprises a first sheet of material 11 and a second sheet of material 26.
  • The first sheet of material 11 has an upper surface 12, a lower surface 14, and an outer periphery 15. As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the outer periphery 15 further comprises a first side 16, a second side 18, a third side 20 and a fourth side 22.
  • A bonding material 24 may be disposed on the upper surface 12 of the first sheet of material 11. Alternatively, however, the first sheet of material 11 may be free of a bonding material. As shown in FIG. 1, the bonding material 24, if present, is disposed in a preferred embodiment substantially over the upper surface 12 of the first sheet of material 11. The bonding material 24 may also be disposed upon the upper surface 12 in a strip of bonding material 24, although the bonding material 24 also could be applied to the upper surface 12 of the first sheet of material 11 in the form of spaced apart spots or the bonding material 24 also could be disposed on the upper surface 12 of the first sheet of material 11 in any other geometric or non-geometric or asymmetric forms, and in any pattern, including fanciful patterns.
  • The first sheet of material 11 has a thickness in a range from about 0.1 mil to about 10 mil. Preferably, the first sheet of material 11 has a thickness in a range from about 0.4 mil to about 0.9 mil. The first sheet of material 11 is constructed of a material which is flexible.
  • The first sheet of material 11 may be any shape; and a rectangular shape is shown in FIG. 1 only by way of example. The first sheet of material 11 for example only may be square, rectangular, circular or any other geometric, non-geometric, asymmetric or fanciful shape, such as heart shaped, for example only.
  • The first sheet of material 11 may be constructed of a single layer of material or a plurality of layers of the same or different types of materials. The layers of material comprising the first sheet of material 11 may be laminated together or connected together by any method known in the art.
  • In a preferred embodiment, the first sheet of material 11 is a light transmitting material constructed from a plastic film (Vifan BT medium slip biaxially oriented polypropylene film (clear)), having a thickness in a range from between about 0.4 mil and about 0.9 mil, available from Vifan Canada, Inc., Vifan street, Lanoraie d'Autray, Quebec, Canada JOK 1EO. An alternative plastic film (Hercules B523 oriented polypropylene packaging film (clear)), having a thickness in a range of between about 0.4 mil and about 0.9 mil, is available from Hercules Incorporated, Hercules Plaza, Wilmington, Del. 19894. The layers of material comprising the first sheet of material 11 are laminated together or may be connected together by any method known in the art.
  • The first sheet of material 11 is constructed from any suitable wrapping material that is capable of transmitting light into the iridescent material and permitting the iridescent effect of the iridescent material to be substantially maintained when the iridescent material is viewed through the light transmitting material. Further, the first sheet of material 11 must be capable of being wrapped about a flower pot or floral grouping, or used as a shredded decorative material, such as, but not by way of limitation, confetti, decorative grass, tinsel, glitter, sequins, flakes, and the like. Further, the first sheet of material 11 must also be suitable for making small die-cut items, such as decals, labels, stickers, stars, and the like. Preferably, the first sheet of material 11 comprises paper (the term “paper” as used herein means treated or untreated paper, corrugated paper or cardboard or any other form of paper material), cellophane, foil, plastic film, metallized film, fabric (woven or non-woven or synthetic or natural), burlap, or combinations thereof.
  • The term “plastic film” as used herein means a thermo-plastic resinous material, such as, but not by way of limitation, a man-made polymer such as, but not by way of limitation, a polypropylene. The term “plastic film” as used herein also means a naturally occurring polymer such as cellophane. A plastic film, as contemplated and described in detail herein, is relatively strong and not as subject to tearing (substantially non-tearable), as might be the case with paper or foil.
  • Shown in FIG. 3 is a second sheet of material 26. The second sheet of material 26 has an upper surface 28, a lower surface 30 (FIG. 1) and an outer periphery 31. As shown in FIG. 3, the outer periphery 31 further comprises a first side 32, a second side 34, a third side 36, and a fourth side 38. The second sheet of material 26 is an iridescent film. A preferred iridescent film is IF-8531 R/S, manufactured by Mearl Corporation, 1050 Lower South Street, Peekskill, N.Y., 10566. The second sheet of material 26 (IF-8531 R/S) has a thickness in a range of between about 0.4 mil and about 0.9 mil.
  • The second sheet of material 26 has a thickness in a range from about 0.1 mil to about 10 mil. The second sheet of material 26 has a thickness preferably in a range of between about 0.4 mil and about 0.9 mil. The second sheet of material 26 is also flexible, and is characterized by substantial iridescence.
  • Iridescent articles and the methods of making such articles is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 3,231,645, entitled “Method of Making Iridescent Plastic Sheets,” issued to Bolomey on Jan. 25, 1966; U.S. Pat. No. 3,481,663, entitled, “Iridescent Articles and Methods of Manufacture,” issued to Greenstein on Dec. 12, 1969; U.S. Pat. No. 4,162,343, entitled “Multilayer Light-Reflecting Film,” issued to Wilcox et al. on Jul. 24, 1979; U.S. Pat. No. RE31,780, entitled “Multilayer Light-Reflecting Film,” issued to Cooper et al. on Dec. 25, 1984; U.S. Pat. No. 5,008,143, entitled, “Decorative Objects With Multi-Color Effects,” issued to Armanini on Apr. 16, 1991; U.S. Pat. No. 5,089,318, entitled, “Iridescent Film With Thermoplastic Elastomeric Components,” issued to Shetty et al. on Feb. 18, 1992, and U.S. Pat. No. 5,154,765, entitled, “Decorative Objects With Multicolor Effects,” issued to Armanini on Oct. 13, 1992, all of which are hereby expressly incorporated by reference herein.
  • Referring now to FIG. 2, the first sheet of material 11 has a length 40 extending between the third and fourth sides 20 and 22 of the first sheet of material 11. The first sheet of material 11 also has a width 42 extending between the first and the second sides 16 and 18 of the first sheet of material 11.
  • As depicted in FIG. 3, the second sheet of material 26 has a length 44 extending between the third and the fourth sides 36 and 38 of the second sheet of material 26. The second sheet of material 26 has a width 46 extending between the first and the second sides 32 and 34 of the second sheet of material 26.
  • The second sheet of material 26 may be any shape and a rectangular shape as shown in FIGS. 1 and 3 is illustrated only by way of example. The second sheet of material 26 for example only may be square, rectangular, circular or any other geometric, non-geometric, asymmetric or fanciful shape. The second sheet of material 26 may be constructed of a single layer of material or a plurality of layers of the same or different types of materials, as long as the end result is a material having substantial iridescence which is evident on both the upper surface 28 and the lower surface 30 of the second sheet of material 26, and the thickness of the second sheet of material 26 falls within the preferable range of thickness described above. When the second sheet of material 26 comprises more than one layer, the layers of material comprising the second sheet of material 26 may be connected together in any manner known in the art.
  • In operation, the second sheet of material 26 is placed adjacent the first sheet of material 11 as shown in FIG. 1. In this position, the lower surface 30 of the second sheet of material 26 is disposed adjacent the upper surface 12 of the first sheet of material 11. A bonding material 24 is disposed on the lower surface 30 of the second sheet of material 26, or, alternatively, the bonding material 24 is disposed on the upper surface 12 of the first sheet of material 11. In a further alternative, the bonding material 24 may be disposed on both the lower surface 30 of the second sheet of material 26 and the upper surface 12 of the first sheet of material 11. The width 42 of the first sheet of material 11 is about equal to the width 46 of the second sheet of material 26 so that, when the first and the second sheets of material 11 and 26 are disposed adjacent each other, the outer periphery 15 of the first sheet of material 11 is aligned with the outer periphery 31 of the second sheet of material 26. That is, the first side 16, the second side 18, the third side 20 and the fourth side 22, respectively, of the first sheet of material 11 are generally in alignment with the respective first side 32, the second side 34, the third side 36 and the fourth side 38 of the second sheet of material 26. It should be noted, therefore, that the first and the second sheets of material 11 and 26 each have virtually identical lengths 40 and 44, respectively, and widths 42 and 46, respectively. When at least the first sheet of material 11 and the second sheet of material 26 are laminated together via any bonding material 24 described herein or known in the art, the optical effect material 10 (and the optical effect sheet of material 64, as illustrated in FIG. 1), is formed.
  • Another alternative, shown in FIG. 4, is an optical effect material 10 a comprising a first sheet of material 11 a and a second sheet of material 26 a. The second sheet of material 26 a comprises a plurality of second sheets of material which comprise strips of sheets of material (only one of the plurality of strips designated by the numeral 26 a). The plurality of second sheets of material 26 a is laminated or bonded by any method known in the art to the first sheet of material 11 a to form the optical effect material 10 a.
  • In still a further embodiment, a third sheet of material 48 may be laminated to the opposite surface, that is, an upper surface 28 a′ of a second sheet of material 26 a′, in forming an optical effect material 10 a′, as illustrated in FIG. 5. In this instance, a third sheet of material 48, which is defined as having the identical characteristics and qualities as those characteristics and qualities described in detail herein for the first sheet of material 11 (the third sheet of material 48 may comprise different characteristics and qualities than a first sheet of material 11 a′ utilized, but the third sheet of material 48 is not, unlike the second sheet of material 26 a′, completely iridescent) is provided, and is laminated, for example but not by way of limitation, to the upper surface 28 a′ of the second sheet of material 26 a′, as shown in FIG. 5. The third sheet of material 48 has an upper surface 50, a lower surface 52, and an outer periphery 54. As illustrated in FIG. 5, the outer periphery 54 further comprises a first side 56, a second side 58, a third side 60 and a fourth side 62.
  • In a further alternative, the third sheet of material 48 may be laminated to the remaining non-laminated surface of the first sheet of material 11 a′, that is, a lower surface 14 a′ of the first sheet of material 11 a′. It will therefore be appreciated that multiple sheets of material 11 a′ may be used. Moreover, when multiple sheets of material 11 a′ are used, the sheets of material 11 a′ need not be uniform in size or shape. That is one sheet may extend beyond at least a portion of the outer periphery of another sheet of material. Finally, it will be appreciated that all sheets of material shown in all embodiments herein are substantially flat.
  • As noted earlier, a bonding material 24 may be disposed on the upper surface of the first sheet of material 11, or, alternatively, to any other surfaces of any sheets of material described herein. The bonding material 24 may be applied as a strip or as spots or other shapes. One method for disposing a bonding material, in this case an adhesive, on a sheet of material is described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,111,637 entitled “Method For Wrapping A Floral Grouping” issued to Weder et al., on May 12, 1992, and which is hereby expressly incorporated herein by reference. Another method for disposing a bonding material in order to laminate two sheets of material is described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,297,811 entitled “Laminated Printed Foil Flower Pot Wrap With Multicolor Appearance, issued to Weder on Nov. 3, 1981, which is hereby expressly incorporated herein by reference.
  • The term “bonding material” when used herein means an adhesive, possibly a pressure sensitive adhesive, or a cohesive. Where the bonding material is a cohesive, a similar cohesive material must be placed on the adjacent surface for bondingly contacting and bondingly engaging with the cohesive material. The term “bonding material” also includes materials which are heat sealable and, in this instance, the adjacent portions of the material must be brought into contact and then heat must be applied to effect the seal. The term “bonding material” when used herein also means a lacquer, which may be applied to the sheet of material and, in this instance, heat, sound waves, or vibrations, also must be applied to effect the sealing of the lacquer.
  • When at least the first sheet of material 11 and the second sheet of material 26 are bonded together, the optical effect material 10 shown in FIG. 1 is formed. It will be appreciated that the optical effect material 10 may form a sheet of optical effect material 64, pads of optical effect material, and/or rolls of optical effect material, the latter two being described in detail below.
  • Further, the first, second, and/or third sheets of material 11, 26, and 48 may consist of designs or decorative patterns which are printed, etched, and/or embossed thereon using inks or other printing materials. An example of an ink which may be applied to the surface of the first, second and/or third sheets of material 11, 26 and 48 is described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,147,706 entitled “Water Based Ink On Foil And/Or Synthetic Organic Polymer” issued to Kingman on Sep. 15, 1992, and which is hereby expressly incorporated herein by reference. In addition, the first, second and/or third sheets of material 11, 26 and 48 may have various colorings, coatings, embossings, flocking and/or metallic finishes, or other decorative surface ornamentation applied separately or simultaneously or may be characterized totally or partially by pearlescent, translucent, transparent, iridescent or the like, qualities. Each of the above-named characteristics may occur alone or in combination and may be applied to the upper and/or lower surface of the first, second and/or third sheets of material 11, 26 and 48. Moreover, each surface of the first, second, and/or third sheets of material 11, 26 and 48 may vary in the combination of such characteristics. The first and/or third sheets of material 11 and 48 may be opaque, translucent, clear or tinted transparent.
  • The bonding material 24 used to laminate the first sheet of material 11 and the second sheet of material 26 together may also be tinted or colored by using a dye, pigment, or ink. In this manner, different coloring effects are provided, and the first sheet of material 11 and/or the second sheet of material 26 may be given a colored appearance by use of a colored bonding material 24. U.S. Pat. No. 5,147,706 described immediately above provides one water based ink which may be used to tint either sheet of material 11 or 26 or which may be used to tint the bonding material 24.
  • The use of a light transmitting material, such as a plastic film, for example, as the first sheet of material 11 permits the iridescence of the second sheet of material 26 to substantially be maintained through the first sheet of material 11. But, when the second sheet of material 26 is laminated to a first sheet of material 11 comprising either a foil or a metallized film (tinted or non-tinted), then the iridescent quality is comprised when the laminated film is shredded into small pieces, flakes, or the like. Therefore, when the second sheet of material 26 is utilized with a first sheet of material 11 comprising a foil or metallized film, additional adhesive, an additional sheet of clear or tinted material, pr additional reflective material (such as, but only by way of example, oxide flakes) must be provided between the second sheet of material 26 and the first sheet of material 11 to permit optimal light to be reflected back through the iridescent film from the metallized film, to substantially maintain, for small pieces of decorative material, the iridescent quality of the second sheet of material 26. It is notable that when large first and second sheets of material 11 and 26 are laminated together and not shredded, the iridescence appears substantially intact without any additional sheets of material, adhesive, or oxide flakes.
  • The Embodiments of FIGS. 6-8
  • Referring now to FIG. 6, a plurality of individual sheets of optical effect material 64 a are connected linearly together to form a roll 66. Preferably, the plurality of sheets of optical effect material 64 a in the roll 66 are connected by perforations 68, as illustrated in FIG. 6. Such a roll 66 permits one sheet of optical effect material 64 a to be withdrawn from the roll 66, then severed or disconnected from the roll 66. Alternatively, the roll 66 may simply be formed as a continuous roll 66 of optical effect wrapping material without perforations (not shown), wherein a plurality of sheets of optical effect material 64 a may be removed from the roll 66 by unrolling a portion of the roll 66, and using a separate cutting element (not shown) to sever the unrolled portion of the roll 66 of material to form the sheet of optical effect material 64 a. The roll 66 may also be contained within a dispenser 70, as illustrated in FIG. 7. When the roll 66 is disposed in the dispenser 70, a portion of the optical effect material is again unrolled, and a serrated cutting edge 72 contained within the dispenser 70, or a separate cutting element (not shown), severs the unrolled portion of the optical effect material from the roll 66 to form a sheet of optical effect material 64 a. Any number of sheets of optical effect material 64 a may form a roll 66 as long as it is possible to withdraw at least one sheet 64 a from the roll 66 as described herein. A roll 66 formed by one sheet of optical effect material 64 a is shown in FIG. 8.
  • The Embodiments of FIGS. 9-10
  • Shown in FIG. 9 is a modified optical effect material 10 b which is identical to the optical effect material 10 shown in FIGS. 1-5 and described in detail previously, except that the optical effect material 10 b is formed into sheets of optical effect material 64 b which are stacked and aligned one on top of the other to form a pad 74 of sheets of optical effect material 64 b.
  • The pad 74 comprises a top sheet 76 having a next sheet 78 disposed directly thereunder, with additional sheets of optical effect material 64 b disposed under the next sheet 78, all sheets collectively forming the pad 74 of sheets of optical effect material 64 b (one edge of the top sheet 76 lifted for illustration purposes only). The sheets of optical effect material 64 b are generally aligned, and are connected together via a bonding material (not shown), such as, but not by way of limitation, a pressure sensitive adhesive.
  • When the top sheet 76 of optical effect material 64 b is lifted and removed from the pad 74, as shown in FIG. 10, the next sheet 78 becomes the new top sheet 76, and the sheet directly below the new top sheet 76 becomes the new next sheet 78. This process is repeated, until all of the sheets of optical material 64 b in the pad 74 are removed.
  • In operation, a floral grouping or flower pot may be placed on the top sheet 76 in the pad 74 and the top sheet 76 may be wrapped about the floral grouping or flower pot and removed from the pad 74. Methods of forming a pad, using the sheets of material to wrap floral groupings, and removing sheets from a pad are described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,181,363 entitled “Wrapping A Floral Grouping With Sheets Having Adhesive Or Cohesive Material Applied Thereto” issued to Weder on Jan. 26, 1993, which is hereby expressly incorporated by reference herein.
  • The Embodiments of FIGS. 11-12
  • FIGS. 11 and 12 illustrate methods for producing decorative grass having an optical effect as well as decorative shredded optical effect materials such as glitter, confetti, tinsel, and the like. Shown in FIG. 11 is a modified roll 66 c of optical effect material 10 c which comprises at least a first sheet of material and a second sheet of material laminated or otherwise connected together as previously described in detail and illustrated herein (the optical effect material 10 c being shown as a single layer). The roll 66 c of optical effect material 10 c is constructed exactly like the roll 66 of optical effect material 10 a described before, except the roll 66 c of optical effect material 10 c is not disposed in a dispenser constructed like the dispenser 70 shown in FIG. 7. Rather, the roll 66 c of optical effect material 10 c is supported on a generally mounted shaft 80. A sheet of optical effect material 64 c is withdrawn from the roll 66 c of optical effect material 10 c via a leading edge 82 until a predetermined length of the optical effect material 10 c has been withdrawn from the roll 66 c of optical effect material 10 c. In this position, a portion of the optical effect material 10 c is disposed under a knife edge 84 having a plurality of edges. The knife edge 84 is connected to an actuator 86 adapted to move the knife edge 84 in a first shredding direction 88 and in a second direction 90 (FIG. 12). When the predetermined length of the optical effect material 10 c has been withdrawn from the roll 66 c of optical effect material 10 c, the actuator 86 actuates to move the knife edge 84 in the first direction 88 to a position wherein the knife edge 84 severingly engages the optical effect material 10 c to shreddingly cut a plurality of elongated portions of the optical effect material 10 c from the roll 66 c of optical effect material 10 c. In another optional mode, as shown in FIG. 12, the actuator 86 may then turn the knife edge 84 to a second direction 90 wherein the knife edge 84 severingly re-engages the plurality of elongated portion of the optical effect material 10 c thereby causing the elongated portions of the optical effect material to be severed into small pieces for use as glitter, confetti, tinsel, and the like, for example (it will be appreciated that this process is represented schematically in the drawings). The actuator 86 may comprise a hydraulic or pneumatic cylinder dr a motor and gear arrangement or any other form of arrangement suitable for moving the knife edge 84 in the directions 88 and 90. After the knife edge 84 has cuttingly severed the desired portion of sheet of optical effect material 64 c from the roll 66 c of optical effect material 10 c, the actuator 86 is actuated to move the knife edge 84 in the storage direction 92 to a storage position disposed a distance above the optical effect material 10 c as opposed to the cutting position previously described. Alternatively, the leading edge 82 may be run across a first knife edge 84 (not shown) set in the surface to form the elongated strips of optical effect material 10 c, wherein the actuator 86 actuates a second knife edge (not shown) to cross-cut the elongated strips of optical effect material 64 c into small pieces. Apparatus and methods for making decorative shredded materials and the like is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,646,388, entitled, “Apparatus For Producing Weighed Charges Of Loosely Aggregated Filamentary Material,” issued to Weder et al. on Mar. 3, 1987, which is hereby expressly incorporated by reference herein.
  • When dealing with shredded material, especially shredded iridescent material and non-iridescent material, the process of combining the two in equal or approximately equal quantities is time consuming and costly. It is difficult, after a material is shredded, to mix the two dissimilar materials together. The embodiment shown previously in FIG. 4 and described in detail herein would eliminate the need for costly and time-consuming “mixing” of the two types of shredded material. This process is also advantageous for mixing even smaller pieces of material, such as sequins, labels, decals, glitter, tinsel, and the like.
  • The Embodiments of FIGS. 13-16
  • As noted previously, a sheet of optical effect material 64 d may be used to wrap a floral grouping 94. “Floral grouping” as used herein means cut fresh flowers, artificial flowers, a single flower, other fresh and/or artificial plants, or other floral materials, and may include other secondary plants and/or ornamentation or artificial or natural materials which add to the aesthetics of the overall floral arrangement. The floral grouping comprises a bloom (or foliage) portion 96 and a stem portion 98. However, it will be appreciated that the floral grouping 94 may consist of only a single bloom or only foliage (not shown). The term “floral grouping” may be used interchangeably herein with the term “floral arrangement”.
  • In a method of use, a modified sheet of optical effect material 64 d is provided, which is identical to the sheet of optical effect material 64 shown in FIG. 1 and described in detail previously, except that the sheet of optical effect material 64 d has a strip of bonding material 24 d disposed on an upper surface 28 d and near the first sides 16 d and 32 d of the sheet of optical effect material 64 d, the strip extending between the third sides 20 d and 36 d, respectively, and the fourth sides 22 d and 38 d, respectively, of the sheet of optical effect material 64 d.
  • A floral grouping 94 having a stem portion 98 and a bloom portion 96 (FIG. 13) is disposed on the upper surface 28 d of the sheet of optical effect material 64 d. The sheet of optical effect material 64 d then is wrapped about the floral grouping 94 by taking the second sides 34 d and 18 d, respectively, of the sheet of optical effect material 64 d and rolling the sheet of optical effect material 64 d in a direction 100 about the floral grouping 94 (FIG. 14). The sheet of optical effect material 64 d is continued to be rolled about the floral grouping 94 until a portion of the bonding material 24 d is disposed adjacent to a portion of the lower surface 14 d of the sheet of optical effect material 64 d and brought into bonding contact or engagement therewith (FIG. 15), thereby bondingly connecting the bonding material 24 d on the upper surface 28 d of the sheet of optical effect material 64 d to a portion of the lower surface 14 d of the sheet of optical effect material 64 d for cooperating to secure the sheet of optical effect material 64 d in a wrapped condition about the floral grouping 94 to provide a wrapper 102 wrapped about the floral grouping 94, as shown in FIG. 15.
  • In the wrapped condition with the sheet of optical effect material 64 d wrapped about the floral grouping 94 as shown in FIG. 15, the wrapper 102 forms a conical shape with an open upper end 104 and an open lower end 106. The wrapper 102 covers a portion of the bloom portion 96 of the floral grouping 94. A portion of the stem portion 98 of the floral grouping 94 extends through the open lower end 106 of the wrapper 102. The wrapper 102 is tightly wrapped about the stem portion 98 of the floral grouping 94. The bonding material 24 d on the sheet of optical effect material 64 d may contact and engage some of the stem portion 98 of the floral grouping 94 to cooperate in securing the wrapper 102 tightly wrapped about the stem portion 98 and to prevent the floral grouping 94 from slipping or moving within the wrapper 102.
  • At least a portion of the floral grouping 94 is disposed within the wrapper 102. In some applications, the stem portion 98 of the floral grouping 94 extends through the open lower end 106 of the wrapper 102, as described before. In other applications, the stem portion 98 does not extend through the open lower end 106 of the wrapper 102. In some applications, the wrapper 102 is tightly wrapped about the stem portion 98 of the floral grouping 94. The bloom portion 96 of the floral grouping 98 is disposed near the open upper end 104 of the wrapper 102 and the bloom portion 96 of the floral grouping 98 is visible via the open upper end 104 of the wrapper 102. In some instances, the bloom portion 96 of the floral grouping 94 may extend beyond the open upper end 104 of the wrapper 102. In some applications, the upper end 104 of the wrapper 102 may be closed if desired. In some applications, the lower end 106 of the wrapper 102 may be closed if desired.
  • The wrapper 102, as shown in FIG. 15, is generally conically shaped. The sheet of optical effect material 64 d may also be wrapped about the floral grouping 94 to form a cylindrically shaped wrapper 108 as shown in FIG. 16, or any other shape wrapper if desired in a particular application.
  • U.S. Pat. No. 5,181,364, entitled “Wrapping A Floral Grouping With Sheets Having An Adhesive Or Cohesive Material Applied Thereto,” issued to Weder et al. on Jan. 26, 1993, which has been incorporated by reference hereinabove, discloses methods of wrapping a floral grouping in a cylindrically-shaped wrapper.
  • The Embodiments of FIGS. 17-21
  • As noted above, a sheet of optical effect material 64 may be used to provide a decorative cover 109 for an object such as a flower pot 110 or a potted plant. The term “flower pot” refers to any type of container used for holding a floral grouping or a potted plant. Examples of flower pots used in accordance with the present invention are clay pots, plastic pots, wooden pots, pots made from natural and/or synthetic fiber, and the like.
  • The flower pot 110 has an open upper end 112, a closed lower end 114, and an outer peripheral surface 116. An opening 118 intersects the open upper end forming an inner peripheral surface 120 and a retaining space 122.
  • A modified sheet of optical effect material 64 e, identical to the sheet of optical effect material 64 shown in FIG. 1 is provided, except that the sheet of optical effect material 64 e has either a bonding material 24 e disposed substantially thereon, or is formed at least partially from a shape-sustaining material, or both. To cover the object, the sheet of optical effect material 64 e may be manually or automatically formed about the outer peripheral surface 116 of the pot 110 or potted plant. Or, the sheet of optical effect material 64 e may be formed into a preformed decorative cover which is then placed about the outer peripheral surface 116 of the pot 110 or potted plant.
  • In a method of use, referring to FIG. 17, to form a sheet of optical effect material 64 e into a decorative cover 109 about a pot 110, both a flower pot 110 and a sheet of optical effect material 64 e is provided. The pot 110 is disposed upon an upper surface 28 e of the sheet of optical effect material 64 e, so the lower end 114 of the pot 110 rests upon a portion of the upper surface 28 e.
  • In one embodiment of a manual application of the sheet of optical effect material 64 e about the pot 110, the upper surface 28 e of the sheet of optical effect material 64 e is formed about the outer peripheral surface 116 of the pot 110 (FIGS. 18 and 19), thereby engaging the outer peripheral surface 116 to form a decorative cover 109 about the pot 110 as shown in FIG. 19, in a manner which is known to those having ordinary skill in the art. The lower surface 14 e (not shown) of the sheet of optical effect material 64 e thereby becomes the outer surface 124 of the decorative cover 109.
  • Another method for wrapping the sheet of optical effect material 64 e about a pot 110 for forming such a decorative cover 109 is shown in U.S. Pat. No. 4,733,521 entitled “Cover Forming Apparatus” issued to Weder et al., on Mar. 29, 1988, which is hereby expressly incorporated herein by reference. A decorative cover 109 formed by wrapping the sheet of optical effect material 64 e about the flower pot 110 may be secured to the outer peripheral surface 116 of the pot 110 by the use of one or more bonding materials described herein. One particular method of securing the decorative cover 109 to the pot 110 is by applying a band (not shown) about the pot 110 to hold the decorative cover 109 in place such as is described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,115,599 entitled “Means For Securing A Decorative Cover About A Flower Pot” issued to Weder on Apr. 21, 1992, and which is hereby incorporated herein by reference.
  • The term “band” when used herein means any material which may be secured about an object such as a flower pot, such bands commonly being referred to as elastic bands, rubber bands, or non-elastic bands, and also includes any other type of material such as an elastic or non-elastic string, or elastic piece of material, non-elastic piece of material, a round piece of material, a flat piece of material, a ribbon, a piece of paper strip, a piece of plastic strip, a piece of wire, a tie wrap, or a twist tie, or combinations thereof, or any other device capable of gathering the sheet of material to removably or substantially permanently form a crimped portion and secure the crimped portion formed in the sheet of material which may be secured about an object such as the flower pot. The band also may include a bow if desired in a particular application.
  • Alternatively, the sheet of optical effect material 64 e may be preformed into a decorative cover 109′ having an opening 126′ as shown in FIG. 20. The decorative cover 109′ is self-supporting by virtue of overlapping folds which are bonded to each other, thereby forming a rigid structure. A potted plant can be disposed into the opening 126′ of a preformed cover 109′, thereby resulting in a decoratively covered potted plant 128 as shown in FIG. 21.
  • One method for forming such a preformed plant cover or pot cover is shown in U.S. Pat. No. 4,773,182, entitled “Article Forming System”, issued to Weder et al., on Sep. 27, 1988, which is hereby expressly incorporated herein by reference.
  • The term “potted plant” as used herein means a plant having a bloom or foliage portion and a stem portion as well as a root portion (not shown), the root portion disposed in a growing medium 130. The term “potted plant” as used herein also includes botanical items and propagules.
  • The term “botanical item” when used herein means a natural or artificial herbaceous or woody plant, taken singly or in combination. The term “botanical item” also means any portion or portions of natural or artificial herbaceous or woody plants including stems, leaves, flowers, blossoms, buds, blooms, cones, or roots, taken singly or in combination, or in groupings of such portions such as bouquet or floral grouping.
  • The term “propagule” when used herein means any structure capable of being propagated or acting as an agent of reproduction including seeds, shoots, stems, runners, tubers, plants, leaves, roots, or spores.
  • The term “growing medium” when used herein means any liquid, solid or gaseous material used for plant growth or for the cultivation of propagules, including organic and inorganic materials such as soil, humus, perlite, vermiculite, sand, water, and including the nutrients, fertilizers, or hormones, or combinations thereof required by the plants, or propagules for growth.
  • The Embodiments of FIGS. 22-28
  • Shown in FIG. 22 and designated therein by the general reference numeral 210 is a wrapper for a floral grouping constructed from the optical effect material 10 f, as shown in FIG. 1 and described in detail herein previously. The wrapper 210 comprises a sleeve 212 which is generally tubular in shape. The sleeve 212 has a first end 214, a second end 216, an outer peripheral surface 218, and an opening 220 intersecting both the first end 214, and the second end 216, forming an inner peripheral surface 222, and providing a retaining space 223 therein. In some embodiments (not shown), the second end 216 is closed, forming a closed end (not shown), and the opening 220 only intersects the first end 214 of the sleeve 212. Sleeves, and their construction, are well known in the art and sleeves are commercially available, as are various devices and mechanisms capable of forming sleeves. It will be appreciated that either the first sheet of material or the second sheet of material may form either the inner surface 222 or the outer surface 218 of the sleeve 212, respectively.
  • The wrapper 210 further comprises both the sleeve 212 and a floral grouping 94 f (FIG. 23). The sleeve is adapted to receive the floral grouping 94 f within the retaining space 223.
  • The floral grouping 94 f (FIG. 23) may be disposed in the opening 220 in the sleeve 212 and contained substantially in the retaining space 223 of the sleeve 212, as will be described in detail below.
  • A bonding material 24 f may be disposed on at least a portion of the inner surface 222 of the sleeve 212 (not shown), or, alternatively, the bonding material 24 f may be disposed on the outer surface 218 of the sleeve 212, as illustrated in FIG. 25, or, in a further alternative, the bonding material 24 f may be disposed on both the inner surface 222 and the outer surface 218 of the sleeve 212 (not shown).
  • The bonding material 24 f may further comprise a color, or a combination of colors, as previously described herein. Further, the bonding material 24 f may comprise at least a portion of a design on the sleeve 212. “Designs,” as used herein, are defined as any geometric form, or any combination of geometric forms, for example, squares, round spots, triangles, rectangles, octagonals, or the like (not shown). “Designs” are further defined as any non-geometric, asymmetrical or fanciful forms, or any combination thereof, for example, but not by way of limitation, hearts, balloons, flowers, lace, slogans, logos, print (any combination of letters and/or numbers), signs, human forms (real and fictional), animal forms (real and fictional), cartoon characters, and/or plant forms.
  • Such a design may comprise a color, or a portion of a color, or any combination of colors. Alternatively, at least a portion of the design may be colorless, translucent, transparent, opaque, pearlescent, iridescent, or the like.
  • The sleeve 212 is generally tubularly shaped, but the sleeve 212 may be, by way of example but not by way of limitation, cylindrical, conical, frusto-conical, or a combination of both frusto-conical and cylindrical (not shown). Further, as long as the sleeve is capable of receiving a floral grouping 24 f, any shape of sleeve 212, whether geometric, non-geometric, asymmetrical, and/or fanciful, may be utilized.
  • In a general method of use, illustrated in FIGS. 23-25, at least a portion of the floral grouping 94 f is disposed within the sleeve 212. In some applications, the stem portion 98 f of the floral grouping 94 f extends into the sleeve 212 via the open first end 214, extending through the open second end 216 of the sleeve 212, and beyond the open second end 216. The bloom portion 96 f of the floral grouping 24 f is therefore disposed near the open first end 214 of the sleeve 212, and the bloom portion 96 f of the floral grouping 94 f is visible via the open first end 214 of the sleeve (FIGS. 23-25). In some instances, the bloom portion 96 f of the floral grouping 94 f may extend above the open first end 214 of the sleeve 212. In some applications, the first end 214 of the sleeve 212 may be closed if desired (not shown). In some circumstances, the second end 216 of the sleeve 212 may be closed if desired (not shown).
  • In one method of use (FIGS. 23-25), an operator provides a sleeve 212 (FIG. 22), and a floral grouping 94 f (FIG. 24). The operator then disposes the floral grouping 94 f into the sleeve 212 by opening the sleeve 212 at the first end 214 and assuring both that the opening 220 therein is in an open condition, and that the inner peripheral surface 222 of the sleeve 212 is somewhat expanded outward as well, and the retaining space 223 sized to receive the floral grouping 94 f, as shown in FIG. 22. The operator then disposes the floral grouping 94 f into the opening 220 in the sleeve 212 and the retaining space 223 by inserting first the stem portion 98 f of the floral grouping 94 f into the retaining space 223 of the sleeve 212 via the opening in the first end 214, in a manner which permits a portion of the stem portion 98 f to be disposed in the retaining space 223 adjacent the second end 216 of the sleeve 212, the second end 216 generally having the narrowest diameter. In inserting the floral grouping 94 f into the sleeve 212 in this manner, the bloom portion 96 f is also disposed in the retaining space 223 of the sleeve 212 and the bloom portion 96 f is disposed adjacent the first end 214 of the sleeve 212, the first end 214 generally having the widest diameter. In this method, at least a portion of the stem portion 98 f of the floral grouping 94 f extends slightly beyond the second end 216 of the sleeve 212, and the bloom portion 96 f of the floral grouping 94 f is clearly visible at the open first end 214 of the sleeve 212.
  • The sleeve 212 may then be crimped about the floral grouping 94 f, as shown in FIGS. 24 and 25. The crimping operation is conducted by an operator after the floral grouping 94 f is disposed in the sleeve 212 by crimping at least a portion of the sleeve 212 in the area of the stem portion 98 f of the floral grouping 94 f, at least a portion of the bonding material 24 f being disposed on this area to retain the crimped sleeve 212 in the crimped condition. Such crimping may be conducted by hand, by grasping and substantially encompassing with one or more hands the second end 216 of the sleeve 212 in the area of the bonding material 24 f and evenly and firmly squeezing that portion of the sleeve 212 about the area having the bonding material 24 f, thereby pressing and gathering both the sleeve 212 and the bonding material 24 f against itself and about the stem portion 98 f of the floral grouping 94 f. The sleeve 212 may also be crimped by using both a crimping motion (as described above) and a turning motion to create a twisted crimping, resulting in a sleeve 212 which is both crimped as previously described, and which is twisted about at least a portion of the stem portion 98 f of the floral grouping 94 f, the sleeve 212 near the stem portion 98 f of the floral grouping 94 f being rotated for example but not by way of limitation, about the stem portion 98 f between about one-eighth of a turn to about a full turn (not shown).
  • When the sleeve 212 is crimped, a plurality of overlapping folds 240 are formed in the crimped area. The plurality of overlapping folds 240 (only one overlapping fold designated by the numeral 240) resulting from the gathered, crimped material of the sleeve 212 may be connected, that is, all portions of the overlapping optical effect material 10 f of the sleeve 212 are bondingly connected together via bonding material 24 f. A plurality of overlapping folds 240 may be formed by hand, during crimping, or by mechanical means. Such mechanical means are disclosed generally in “Article Forming System,” which has been previously incorporated by reference herein. Alternatively, the crimping may be conducted in a manner in which not all of the plurality of overlapping folds 240 are bondingly connected together. It will be appreciated that the plurality of overlapping folds 240 (connected or unconnected) are formed primarily in the crimped area. Such crimping as described above may also be conducted by any device or mechanism known in the art and used for gathering or crimping materials.
  • Alternatively, the sleeve may remain uncrimped. The bonding material 24 f disposed upon the sleeve 212 may cause the sleeve 212 to bondingly connect to portions of itself, causing the sleeve 212 to conform, either generally, or closely (depending, as will be appreciated, upon the amount of bonding material 24 f and the amount of the optical effect material 10 f of the sleeve 212 which overlaps and connects to itself) to the floral grouping 94 f.
  • When the floral grouping 94 f is disposed in the sleeve 212 by any method described herein, or known in the art, the sleeve 212 substantially surrounds and encompasses a substantial portion of the floral grouping 94 f. When the sleeve 212 is disposed about the floral grouping 94 f, the sleeve 212 forms a wrapper 210 which provides a decorative packaging for the floral grouping 94 f contained therein.
  • It will be appreciated that the sleeve 212 has sufficient flexibility, but also sufficient rigidity to both remain in and sustain its general shape, thereby substantially surrounding and encompassing the floral grouping 94 f.
  • As illustrated in FIGS. 26-28, a sleeve 212 a may also extend over the outer peripheral surface 116 f (not shown) of a flower pot 110 f. The sleeve 212 a may comprise at least a portion of a flower pot cover (if an upper portion 242 of the sleeve 212 a tears away from a lower portion 244 of the sleeve 212 a via vertical perforations 246 and/or circumferential perforations 248 extending about the sleeve 212 a near or above the level of the open upper end 111 of the pot 110 f, as illustrated in FIGS. 26-28) or, alternatively, the sleeve 212 a may extend over a pot 110 f already covered by a decorative cover, the sleeve 212 a often being torn away from the decorative cover after shipment and delivery (not shown). The sleeve 212 a usually has a bonding material 24 f disposed thereupon such that a second end 216 a of the sleeve 212 a will connect to the pot 110 f (not shown). Alternatively, a bonding material may be disposed upon the outer peripheral surface (not shown) of the flower pot 110 f. In a further alternative, the bonding material may be disposed on both the flower pot 110 f and the sleeve 212 a. The flower pot 110 f may contain a floral grouping 94 f disposed therein.
  • It will be appreciated that the method of disposing a flower pot 110 f into the sleeve 212 a is generally substantially similar to the method described above for disposing a floral grouping 94 f into a sleeve 212.
  • The Embodiment of FIG. 29
  • Shown in FIG. 29 and designated therein by the general reference numeral 250 is a wrapper for a floral grouping constructed from the optical effect material 10 g, as shown in FIGS. 22-28 and described in detail herein previously. The wrapper 250 is identical to the sleeve 212 above, except that the wrapper 250 has a narrow tubular shape which is constructed to accommodate a floral grouping 94 g comprising generally only a single bloom portion 96 g and stem portion 98 g.
  • The method of use of the wrapper 250 is identical to the method of use shown in FIGS. 22-25 and described in detail hereinabove.
  • Changes may be made in the construction and the operation of the various components, elements and assemblies described herein or in the steps or the sequence of steps of the methods described herein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the following claims.

Claims (4)

  1. 1. Decorative grass having an optical effect, comprising:
    a first sheet of material having an upper surface, a lower surface, and an outer periphery, the first sheet of material being substantially iridescent;
    a second sheet of material having an upper surface, a lower surface, and an outer periphery, wherein the second sheet of material is a light transmitting material which permits the iridescent qualities of the first sheet of material to be transmitted and seen through the second sheet of material, the second sheet of material being selected from the group consisting of paper, polymeric film, metallized film, fabric, burlap, and combinations thereof, the second sheet of material being aligned with and bonded to the first sheet of material, such that said first sheet of material and said second sheet of material together form an optical effect material; and
    wherein said optical effect material is shredded to comprise a plurality of strips of decorative grass having an optical effect.
  2. 2. Decorative grass having an optical effect, comprising:
    a first sheet of material having an upper surface, a lower surface, and an outer periphery, the first sheet of material being substantially iridescent;
    a second sheet of material having an upper surface, a lower surface, and an outer periphery, wherein the second sheet of material is a light transmitting material which permits the iridescent qualities of the first sheet of material to be transmitted and seen through the second sheet of material, the second sheet of material being selected from the group consisting of paper, polymeric film, metallized film, fabric, burlap, and combinations thereof, the second sheet of material being aligned with and bonded to the first sheet of material, such that said first sheet of material and said second sheet of material together form an optical effect material; and
    wherein said optical effect material is cut to comprise a plurality of strips of decorative grass having an optical effect.
  3. 3. Decorative grass having an optical effect, comprising:
    a first sheet of material having an upper surface, a lower surface, and an outer periphery, the first sheet of material being substantially iridescent;
    a second sheet of material having an upper surface, a lower surface, and an outer periphery, wherein the second sheet of material is a light transmitting material which permits the iridescent qualities of the first sheet of material to be transmitted and seen through the second sheet of material, the second sheet of material being selected from the group consisting of paper, polymeric film, metallized film, fabric, burlap, and combinations thereof, the second sheet of material being aligned with and bonded to the first sheet of material;
    a third sheet of material having an upper surface, a lower surface, and an outer periphery, the third sheet of material being aligned with and bonded to the first sheet of material, wherein the third sheet of material is formed of a light transmitting material which permits the iridescent qualities of the first sheet of material to be transmitted and seen through the third sheet of material, and wherein said first sheet of material, said second sheet of material and said third sheet of material together form an optical effect material; and
    wherein said optical effect material is shredded to comprise a plurality of strips of decorative grass having an optical effect.
  4. 4. Decorative grass having an optical effect, comprising:
    a first sheet of material having an upper surface, a lower surface, and an outer periphery, the first sheet of material being substantially iridescent;
    a second sheet of material having an upper surface, a lower surface, and an outer periphery, wherein the second sheet of material is a light transmitting material which permits the iridescent qualities of the first sheet of material to be transmitted and seen through the second sheet of material, the second sheet of material being selected from the group consisting of paper, polymeric film, metallized film, fabric, burlap, and combinations thereof, the second sheet of material being aligned with and bonded to the first sheet of material;
    a third sheet of material having an upper surface, a lower surface, and an outer periphery, the third sheet of material being aligned with and bonded to the first sheet of material, wherein the third sheet of material is formed of a light transmitting material which permits the iridescent qualities of the first sheet of material to be transmitted and seen through the third sheet of material, and wherein said first sheet of material, said second sheet of material and said third sheet of material together form an optical effect material; and
    wherein said optical effect material is cut to comprise a plurality of strips of decorative grass having an optical effect.
US11013529 1984-05-22 2004-12-16 Decorative grass having optical effect Abandoned US20050100755A1 (en)

Priority Applications (9)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US08179057 US5576089A (en) 1984-05-22 1994-01-07 Optical effect material and methods
US8245094 true 1994-05-17 1994-05-17
US08796182 US5891286A (en) 1994-01-07 1997-02-07 Method of forming curled or crimped decorative elements having an optical effect
US22632199 true 1999-01-06 1999-01-06
US53841200 true 2000-03-29 2000-03-29
US10068241 US20020069953A1 (en) 1994-01-07 2002-02-06 Decorative elements and methods of making and using same
US10301153 US20030075261A1 (en) 1994-01-07 2002-11-20 Decorative elements and methods of making and using same
US10345792 US20030152719A1 (en) 1994-01-07 2003-01-15 Decorative grass having optical effect
US11013529 US20050100755A1 (en) 1994-01-07 2004-12-16 Decorative grass having optical effect

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11013529 US20050100755A1 (en) 1994-01-07 2004-12-16 Decorative grass having optical effect
US11929687 US20080107838A1 (en) 1994-01-07 2007-10-30 Decorative Grass Having Optical Effect

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10345792 Continuation US20030152719A1 (en) 1984-05-22 2003-01-15 Decorative grass having optical effect

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11929687 Continuation US20080107838A1 (en) 1984-05-22 2007-10-30 Decorative Grass Having Optical Effect

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20050100755A1 true true US20050100755A1 (en) 2005-05-12

Family

ID=34557930

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11013529 Abandoned US20050100755A1 (en) 1984-05-22 2004-12-16 Decorative grass having optical effect
US11929687 Abandoned US20080107838A1 (en) 1984-05-22 2007-10-30 Decorative Grass Having Optical Effect

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11929687 Abandoned US20080107838A1 (en) 1984-05-22 2007-10-30 Decorative Grass Having Optical Effect

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (2) US20050100755A1 (en)

Citations (55)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2240072A (en) * 1939-05-03 1941-04-29 Paul E Hodgdon Translucent laminated article
US2244845A (en) * 1938-07-30 1941-06-10 Raybestes Manhattan Inc Conveyer belt
US2774187A (en) * 1954-05-18 1956-12-18 Vernon L Smithers Package for transporting cut flowers
US2989828A (en) * 1958-09-04 1961-06-27 Flex O Glass Inc Plastic plant package
US3094810A (en) * 1960-12-19 1963-06-25 Max L Kalpin Containers for plants and the like
US3150031A (en) * 1960-07-13 1964-09-22 Congoleum Nairn Inc Article and method of making resilient floor covering having air pockets
US3231645A (en) * 1962-05-21 1966-01-25 Mearl Corp Method of making iridescent plastic sheets
US3376686A (en) * 1963-09-04 1968-04-09 Salm Mathias Spacer bar for concrete reinforcing irons
US3400036A (en) * 1964-03-16 1968-09-03 Gen Tire & Rubber Co Article having iridescent surface and method of making same
US3431706A (en) * 1966-11-08 1969-03-11 Modern Mfg Co Inc Floral sacker
US3475191A (en) * 1966-09-07 1969-10-28 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Inorganic flake material
US3481663A (en) * 1965-02-08 1969-12-02 Mearl Corp Iridescent articles and methods of manufacture
US3549405A (en) * 1965-03-29 1970-12-22 Dow Chemical Co Iridescent resinous film bodies and a substrate coated therewith
US3554434A (en) * 1968-11-08 1971-01-12 Dave Chapman Free-standing flexible package
US3616192A (en) * 1970-02-04 1971-10-26 Riegel Paper Corp Decorative polyvinyl fluoride laminations
US3673060A (en) * 1970-01-12 1972-06-27 Int Paper Co Adhesively laminated creped dinner napkin
US3749629A (en) * 1971-03-12 1973-07-31 Reynolds Metals Co Method of making a decorative lamination
US3865664A (en) * 1973-05-31 1975-02-11 Specialty Papers Co Laminated foil candy wrapper and method of preparing
US3883953A (en) * 1973-03-08 1975-05-20 James W Saullo Decorative ribbon shredder
US3898117A (en) * 1971-05-28 1975-08-05 Louis N Taylor Method of making patterned composite material
US3922440A (en) * 1974-08-16 1975-11-25 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Safety glass light control medium
US3962503A (en) * 1973-08-06 1976-06-08 Crawford Mildred A Decorative and protective device for use with a floral container
US4107861A (en) * 1976-04-26 1978-08-22 Packaging Laminators, Inc. Label structure
US4117861A (en) * 1977-04-28 1978-10-03 Progressive Machine Products, Inc. Control and selector unit for dental handpieces
US4162343A (en) * 1977-12-23 1979-07-24 The Mearl Corporation Multilayer light-reflecting film
US4189868A (en) * 1978-02-22 1980-02-26 General Mills, Inc. Package for perishable produce
US4199627A (en) * 1975-07-07 1980-04-22 Highland Manufacturing & Sales Co. Decorative grass
US4292266A (en) * 1975-07-07 1981-09-29 Highland Manufacturing & Sales Co. Process for making decorative grass
US4312688A (en) * 1980-02-11 1982-01-26 Brodis Eric P Method and apparatus for making simulated stained-glass
US4333267A (en) * 1980-04-28 1982-06-08 Meridian Industries Inc. Protective sleeve for plants
US4385087A (en) * 1979-04-06 1983-05-24 Roberts Harold S Facetted tinsel and method and apparatus for manufacturing same
US4400910A (en) * 1980-04-25 1983-08-30 Koninklijke Emballage Industrie Van Leer B.V. Method for protecting plants during transportation by packaging and article
US4413725A (en) * 1981-07-06 1983-11-08 Bruno Edward D Potted plant package
USRE31780E (en) * 1979-12-26 1984-12-25 The Mearl Corporation Multilayer light-reflecting film
US4520064A (en) * 1977-02-22 1985-05-28 Contemporary, Inc. Decorative plaques and process
US4530863A (en) * 1983-03-04 1985-07-23 Seeger Richard W Art objects and methods of producing same
US4663214A (en) * 1985-01-04 1987-05-05 Coburn Jr Joseph W Phosphorescent material and process of manufacture
US4695336A (en) * 1985-10-11 1987-09-22 Coburn Jr Joseph W Phosphorescent material and process of manufacture
US4699820A (en) * 1984-12-03 1987-10-13 Armstrong World Industries, Inc. Decorative materials comprising crinkled chips
US4735669A (en) * 1985-07-11 1988-04-05 Reynolds Metals Company Rolling of metallic foil and plastics resin film laminates
US4773182A (en) * 1984-05-22 1988-09-27 Highland Supply Corporation Article forming system
US4786533A (en) * 1985-10-04 1988-11-22 Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft Transparent polypropylene film for candy twist wrapping
US4801014A (en) * 1986-10-28 1989-01-31 Meadows Patricia H Bouquet sleeve
US4963218A (en) * 1989-06-23 1990-10-16 Rainey Tina N Method for reinforcing pattern pieces
US5008143A (en) * 1987-07-06 1991-04-16 The Mearl Corporation Decorative objects with multi-color effects
US5020672A (en) * 1990-01-26 1991-06-04 Watts Lucille M Basket grass container
US5089318A (en) * 1989-10-31 1992-02-18 The Mearl Corporation Iridescent film with thermoplastic elastomeric components
US5088972A (en) * 1989-11-02 1992-02-18 Eco-Pack Industries, Inc. Folding and crimping apparatus
US5147706A (en) * 1990-12-31 1992-09-15 Highland Supply Corp Water based ink on foil and/or synthetic organic polymer
US5154765A (en) * 1990-12-11 1992-10-13 The Mearl Corporation Decorative objects with multicolor effects
US5204160A (en) * 1988-08-08 1993-04-20 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Light-collimating film
US5228234A (en) * 1988-11-15 1993-07-20 Klerk's Plastic Industrie, B.V. Method and apparatus for manufacturing sleeve- or bag-like containers, as well as such container
US5235782A (en) * 1991-11-27 1993-08-17 Simcha Landau Cover for potted plants and method for covering potted plants
US5576089A (en) * 1984-05-22 1996-11-19 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Optical effect material and methods
US5891286A (en) * 1994-01-07 1999-04-06 Southpac Trust International Inc. Method of forming curled or crimped decorative elements having an optical effect

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3376666A (en) * 1966-11-16 1968-04-09 William H. Leonard Packages for bunches of flowers
US4525295A (en) * 1980-05-27 1985-06-25 Adver-Togs, Inc. Method of and composition for producing glow printing
US5906280A (en) * 1997-07-14 1999-05-25 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Packaging material

Patent Citations (55)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2244845A (en) * 1938-07-30 1941-06-10 Raybestes Manhattan Inc Conveyer belt
US2240072A (en) * 1939-05-03 1941-04-29 Paul E Hodgdon Translucent laminated article
US2774187A (en) * 1954-05-18 1956-12-18 Vernon L Smithers Package for transporting cut flowers
US2989828A (en) * 1958-09-04 1961-06-27 Flex O Glass Inc Plastic plant package
US3150031A (en) * 1960-07-13 1964-09-22 Congoleum Nairn Inc Article and method of making resilient floor covering having air pockets
US3094810A (en) * 1960-12-19 1963-06-25 Max L Kalpin Containers for plants and the like
US3231645A (en) * 1962-05-21 1966-01-25 Mearl Corp Method of making iridescent plastic sheets
US3376686A (en) * 1963-09-04 1968-04-09 Salm Mathias Spacer bar for concrete reinforcing irons
US3400036A (en) * 1964-03-16 1968-09-03 Gen Tire & Rubber Co Article having iridescent surface and method of making same
US3481663A (en) * 1965-02-08 1969-12-02 Mearl Corp Iridescent articles and methods of manufacture
US3549405A (en) * 1965-03-29 1970-12-22 Dow Chemical Co Iridescent resinous film bodies and a substrate coated therewith
US3475191A (en) * 1966-09-07 1969-10-28 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Inorganic flake material
US3431706A (en) * 1966-11-08 1969-03-11 Modern Mfg Co Inc Floral sacker
US3554434A (en) * 1968-11-08 1971-01-12 Dave Chapman Free-standing flexible package
US3673060A (en) * 1970-01-12 1972-06-27 Int Paper Co Adhesively laminated creped dinner napkin
US3616192A (en) * 1970-02-04 1971-10-26 Riegel Paper Corp Decorative polyvinyl fluoride laminations
US3749629A (en) * 1971-03-12 1973-07-31 Reynolds Metals Co Method of making a decorative lamination
US3898117A (en) * 1971-05-28 1975-08-05 Louis N Taylor Method of making patterned composite material
US3883953A (en) * 1973-03-08 1975-05-20 James W Saullo Decorative ribbon shredder
US3865664A (en) * 1973-05-31 1975-02-11 Specialty Papers Co Laminated foil candy wrapper and method of preparing
US3962503A (en) * 1973-08-06 1976-06-08 Crawford Mildred A Decorative and protective device for use with a floral container
US3922440A (en) * 1974-08-16 1975-11-25 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Safety glass light control medium
US4199627A (en) * 1975-07-07 1980-04-22 Highland Manufacturing & Sales Co. Decorative grass
US4292266A (en) * 1975-07-07 1981-09-29 Highland Manufacturing & Sales Co. Process for making decorative grass
US4107861A (en) * 1976-04-26 1978-08-22 Packaging Laminators, Inc. Label structure
US4520064A (en) * 1977-02-22 1985-05-28 Contemporary, Inc. Decorative plaques and process
US4117861A (en) * 1977-04-28 1978-10-03 Progressive Machine Products, Inc. Control and selector unit for dental handpieces
US4162343A (en) * 1977-12-23 1979-07-24 The Mearl Corporation Multilayer light-reflecting film
US4189868A (en) * 1978-02-22 1980-02-26 General Mills, Inc. Package for perishable produce
US4385087A (en) * 1979-04-06 1983-05-24 Roberts Harold S Facetted tinsel and method and apparatus for manufacturing same
USRE31780E (en) * 1979-12-26 1984-12-25 The Mearl Corporation Multilayer light-reflecting film
US4312688A (en) * 1980-02-11 1982-01-26 Brodis Eric P Method and apparatus for making simulated stained-glass
US4400910A (en) * 1980-04-25 1983-08-30 Koninklijke Emballage Industrie Van Leer B.V. Method for protecting plants during transportation by packaging and article
US4333267A (en) * 1980-04-28 1982-06-08 Meridian Industries Inc. Protective sleeve for plants
US4413725A (en) * 1981-07-06 1983-11-08 Bruno Edward D Potted plant package
US4530863A (en) * 1983-03-04 1985-07-23 Seeger Richard W Art objects and methods of producing same
US5576089A (en) * 1984-05-22 1996-11-19 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Optical effect material and methods
US4773182A (en) * 1984-05-22 1988-09-27 Highland Supply Corporation Article forming system
US4699820A (en) * 1984-12-03 1987-10-13 Armstrong World Industries, Inc. Decorative materials comprising crinkled chips
US4663214A (en) * 1985-01-04 1987-05-05 Coburn Jr Joseph W Phosphorescent material and process of manufacture
US4735669A (en) * 1985-07-11 1988-04-05 Reynolds Metals Company Rolling of metallic foil and plastics resin film laminates
US4786533A (en) * 1985-10-04 1988-11-22 Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft Transparent polypropylene film for candy twist wrapping
US4695336A (en) * 1985-10-11 1987-09-22 Coburn Jr Joseph W Phosphorescent material and process of manufacture
US4801014A (en) * 1986-10-28 1989-01-31 Meadows Patricia H Bouquet sleeve
US5008143A (en) * 1987-07-06 1991-04-16 The Mearl Corporation Decorative objects with multi-color effects
US5204160A (en) * 1988-08-08 1993-04-20 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Light-collimating film
US5228234A (en) * 1988-11-15 1993-07-20 Klerk's Plastic Industrie, B.V. Method and apparatus for manufacturing sleeve- or bag-like containers, as well as such container
US4963218A (en) * 1989-06-23 1990-10-16 Rainey Tina N Method for reinforcing pattern pieces
US5089318A (en) * 1989-10-31 1992-02-18 The Mearl Corporation Iridescent film with thermoplastic elastomeric components
US5088972A (en) * 1989-11-02 1992-02-18 Eco-Pack Industries, Inc. Folding and crimping apparatus
US5020672A (en) * 1990-01-26 1991-06-04 Watts Lucille M Basket grass container
US5154765A (en) * 1990-12-11 1992-10-13 The Mearl Corporation Decorative objects with multicolor effects
US5147706A (en) * 1990-12-31 1992-09-15 Highland Supply Corp Water based ink on foil and/or synthetic organic polymer
US5235782A (en) * 1991-11-27 1993-08-17 Simcha Landau Cover for potted plants and method for covering potted plants
US5891286A (en) * 1994-01-07 1999-04-06 Southpac Trust International Inc. Method of forming curled or crimped decorative elements having an optical effect

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
US20080107838A1 (en) 2008-05-08 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5640805A (en) Plant package having a detachable sleeve and methods
US5758472A (en) Floral sleeve having scalloped perforations
US5740655A (en) Method of wrapping a floral grouping
US6345467B1 (en) Floral sleeve having a decorative pattern
US6023885A (en) Floral sleeve having a decorative pattern
US5428939A (en) Method for crimping a wrapper about a floral grouping
US5450707A (en) Conveyable cover former and fastening system
US6723417B2 (en) Decorative flower pot cover having an appearance simulating cloth
US5595048A (en) Floral grouping wrapper having a detachable portion
US5557882A (en) Plant package having a waxy wrapper
US6071574A (en) Folded corrugated material and method for producing same
US5727363A (en) Method of wrapping a floral product with a sheet of material having a three dimensional pattern printed thereon
US5603406A (en) Plant package wrapped with a waxy material
US6221000B1 (en) Folded corrugated material
US6258447B1 (en) Decorative shredded material
US5509251A (en) Method of wrapping a floral grouping using a wrapper with a handle
US20010007183A1 (en) Plant package having a waxy layer and a decorative printed pattern
US6495248B1 (en) Preformed pot cover having a cloth-appearing finish on a surface thereof
US5727362A (en) Optical effect material and methods
US6403207B1 (en) Preformed pot cover having a paper-like appearance
US5921061A (en) Optical effect material and methods
US5861199A (en) Optical effect material and methods
US6365251B1 (en) Sleeves formed of polymeric materials having a texture and appearance assimilating the appearance of paper
US5775057A (en) Optical effect material and methods
US5985380A (en) Decorative grass made from optical effect material