US20050096725A1 - Expandable stent having removable slat members - Google Patents

Expandable stent having removable slat members Download PDF

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Publication number
US20050096725A1
US20050096725A1 US10696667 US69666703A US2005096725A1 US 20050096725 A1 US20050096725 A1 US 20050096725A1 US 10696667 US10696667 US 10696667 US 69666703 A US69666703 A US 69666703A US 2005096725 A1 US2005096725 A1 US 2005096725A1
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plurality
tubular member
medical device
member
removable
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Abandoned
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US10696667
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Mark Pomeranz
Esteban Pino
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Codman and Shurtleff Inc
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Cordis Neurovascular Inc
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/04Hollow or tubular parts of organs, e.g. bladders, tracheae, bronchi or bile ducts
    • A61F2/06Blood vessels
    • A61F2/07Stent-grafts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/82Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/852Two or more distinct overlapping stents
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/82Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/856Single tubular stent with a side portal passage
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/82Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/86Stents in a form characterised by the wire-like elements; Stents in the form characterised by a net-like or mesh-like structure
    • A61F2/90Stents in a form characterised by the wire-like elements; Stents in the form characterised by a net-like or mesh-like structure characterised by a net-like or mesh-like structure
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/82Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/86Stents in a form characterised by the wire-like elements; Stents in the form characterised by a net-like or mesh-like structure
    • A61F2/90Stents in a form characterised by the wire-like elements; Stents in the form characterised by a net-like or mesh-like structure characterised by a net-like or mesh-like structure
    • A61F2/91Stents in a form characterised by the wire-like elements; Stents in the form characterised by a net-like or mesh-like structure characterised by a net-like or mesh-like structure made from perforated sheet material or tubes, e.g. perforated by laser cuts or etched holes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/04Hollow or tubular parts of organs, e.g. bladders, tracheae, bronchi or bile ducts
    • A61F2/06Blood vessels
    • A61F2/07Stent-grafts
    • A61F2002/075Stent-grafts the stent being loosely attached to the graft material, e.g. by stitching
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2250/00Special features of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2250/0058Additional features; Implant or prostheses properties not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2250/0059Additional features; Implant or prostheses properties not otherwise provided for temporary
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2250/00Special features of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2250/0058Additional features; Implant or prostheses properties not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2250/006Additional features; Implant or prostheses properties not otherwise provided for modular
    • A61F2250/0063Nested prosthetic parts

Abstract

A medical device having an outer and an inner expandable stent in which the inner expandable stent is coaxially disposed within the outer expandable stent. The medical device further includes three removable slat members carried by the outer stent and three removable slat members carried by the inner expandable stent. The removable slat members provide a substantially continuous cover for the medical device and thus impede the flow of blood through the walls of the medical device. When deployed within a blood vessel, some of the slat members serve to cover an aneurysm and restrict the blood flow into the aneurysm; however, one or more of the slat members may be selectively removed to provide blood flow into a branching blood vessel.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF INVENTION
  • 1. Field of the Invention
  • The present invention relates to intravascular stents and methods of treating aneurysms, and more particularly, this invention relates to a covered stent which may be modified to treat an aneurysm located adjacent to a bifurcated blood vessel while permitting blood to flow through the bifurcated vessel and method of use thereof.
  • 2. Description of the Prior Art
  • Expandable stents are widely used in the treatment of vascular diseases. Typically, a stent is inserted into a stenosed blood vessel after an angioplasty to prevent the restenosis of the blood vessels. Expandable stents are also used as aneurysm covers. When a stent is placed across an aneurysm, the blood flow into the aneurysm is decreased. Decreased blood flow within an aneurysm promotes the formation of a thrombus within the aneurysm which ultimately aids in protecting the aneurysm from further expansion or rupture.
  • Optimally, a covered stent is positioned across an aneurysm to completely restrict the blood flow into the aneurysm. Such covered stents, typically covered with a material such as PTFE provide suitable aneurysm covers; however, these stents have certain limitations. For example, covered stents impede blood flow into branching blood vessels. Thus, a covered stent may not be suitable for treating an aneurysm at or near a bifurcated blood vessel.
  • Several patents and patent applications disclose covered stents with various modifications which tend to avoid these limitations inherent with typical covered stents. For example, U.S. Pat. No. 6,030,414, entitled “Variable Stent and Method for Treatment of Arterial Disease,” discloses a covered stent having predetermined and sized lateral openings for the treatment of arterial disease at or around the intersection of multiple arteries; U.S. Pat. No. 6,497,722, entitled “Method and Apparatus for In-Vivo Tailored Stents Indicated For Use in Tortuous Anatomy,” discloses a stent having a side opening to allow unimpeded blood flow to a branching vessel at the point of stenting; and, U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2003/0074049, entitled “Covered Stents and Systems for Deploying Covered Stents,” discloses a covered stent which may be perforated in order to allow blood flow into a side branch or bifurcated vessel.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, there is provided a medical device comprising an expandable stent which takes the form of a small diameter skeletal tubular member having a thin wall. The wall of the skeletal tubular member includes a plurality of cells which are formed by a plurality of interconnected strut members. Additionally, the medical device includes an elongated removable slat member interwoven between at least two of the plurality of strut members. The removable slat member is temporarily attached to the skeletal tubular member and provides a cover for a portion of the wall of the tubular member by impeding the flow of blood through that portion of the wall of the tubular member. Alternatively, the medical device includes a plurality of elongated removable slat members interwoven between the strut members of the expandable stent to form a continuous cover around the periphery of the stent.
  • The medical device further includes a plurality of tethers, each of which are removably attached to one of the plurality of removable slat members in order to selectively remove any one of the slat members from the stent. By removing a slat member, a physician may selectively provide a passage of blood through the wall of the stent. Preferably, the tethers are coated with a radiopaque material so that the tether attached to a selected removable slat member may be identified under fluoroscopy. Alternatively, the tethers are formed from a bioabsorbable material so that the tethers which are not removed with their corresponding slat member, will biodegrade and be absorbed by the body.
  • In accordance with still another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a medical device comprising an expandable stent which takes the form of a hollow tubular member comprised of an expandable wire frame. Additionally, the medical device includes an elongated removable slat member carried by the expandable wire frame. The removable slat member provides a cover for a portion of the peripheral surface of the expandable wire frame and impedes the flow of blood through that portion of the peripheral surface. Preferably, a tether is attached to the proximal end of the removable slat member. In addition, the tether is removably attached to the slat member so that if the slat member is not to be subsequently removed, the tether may be detached from the slat member and removed from the body.
  • In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a medical device comprising an expandable stent which takes the form of a small diameter skeletal tubular member having a thin wall. The wall of the skeletal tubular member includes a plurality of cells which are formed by a plurality of interconnected strut members. The medical device also includes a detachable section. The detachable section is temporarily attached to the skeletal tubular member and provides a cover for a portion of the wall of the tubular member by impeding the flow of blood through that portion of the wall of the tubular member. Upon removal of the detachable section from the wall of the stent, blood is permitted to flow out of the portion of the wall which was covered by the detachable section.
  • In accordance with a further aspect of the present invention, there is provided a medical device having an outer expandable stent which takes the form of a first hollow skeletal tubular member comprised of a first expandable wire frame, and a first plurality of removable slat members carried by the first expandable wire frame. The first plurality of removable slat members are preferably spaced apart at approximately equal distances along the first peripheral surface of the first skeletal tubular member to thereby cover a portion of the first peripheral surface of the first skeletal tubular member. The medical device further includes an inner expandable stent which takes the form of a second hollow skeletal tubular member having an inner expandable wire frame, and a second plurality of removable slat members carried by the second expandable wire frame. The second plurality of removable slat members are space apart at approximately equal distances along the second peripheral surface of the second skeletal tubular member to thereby cover a portion of the second peripheral surface of the second skeletal tubular member. The inner expandable stent is coaxially disposed within the outer expandable stent and is oriented with respect to the outer expandable stent such that the first plurality of slat members and the second plurality of slat members form substantially a continuous cover for the medical device. Preferably, the medical device includes a plurality of tethers. Each of said plurality of tethers is attached to one of the plurality of slat members in order to remove a selected one of the slat members from the medical device.
  • In accordance with still another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a medical device having an outer expandable stent. The outer expandable stent takes the form of a first hollow skeletal tubular member comprised of a first plurality of cells formed by a first plurality of interconnected strut members, and a first plurality of removable slat members interwoven between the first plurality of strut members along the first longitudinal axis of the first skeletal tubular member. The first plurality of removable slat members are spaced apart at approximately equal distances along the first peripheral surface of the first skeletal tubular member to thereby cover a portion of the first peripheral surface of the first skeletal tubular member. The medical device further includes an inner expandable stent which takes the form of a second hollow skeletal tubular member comprised of a second plurality of cells formed by a second plurality of interconnected strut members, and a second plurality of removable slat members interwoven between the second plurality of strut members along the second longitudinal axis of the second skeletal tubular member. The second plurality of removable slat members are space apart at approximately equal distances along the second peripheral surface of the second skeletal tubular member to thereby cover a portion of the second peripheral surface of the second skeletal tubular member. The inner expandable stent is coaxially disposed within the outer expandable stent and oriented with respect to the outer stent such that the first plurality of slat members and the second plurality of slat members form substantially a continuous cover for the medical device. In addition, the medical device includes a plurality of detachable tethers, each attached to one of the slat members in order to remove a selected one of the slat members from the medical device.
  • In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of treating an aneurysm. The method includes the steps of inserting a covered stent into a blood vessel of a patient, positioning the covered stent adjacent to a diseased portion of the blood vessel such as an aneurysm, and removing and withdrawing a detachable portion of the side wall of the covered stent. By removing the detachable portion of the side wall of the covered stent, blood may flow through that portion of the wall of the stent and into surrounding blood vessels which branch from the main blood vessel.
  • In accordance with still another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of treating an aneurysm. The method includes the steps of inserting an expandable stent having removable side slat members into a blood vessel of a patient, advancing the expandable stent distally through the blood vessel until the stent is aligned with and covering an aneurysm in the blood vessel, and selectively removing any one of the removable slat members. By removing the slat member, blood is permitted to flow through the peripheral surface of the stent and into branching blood vessels while maintaining a covering for the aneurysm.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is an enlarged elevational view of a medical device comprised of an outer and an inner expandable stent each having three removable slat members;
  • FIG. 2 is an enlarged elevational view of the outer expandable stent only with three removable slat members;
  • FIG. 3 a, FIG. 3 b, and FIG. 3 c are enlarged cross-sectional views of the medical device illustrated in FIG. 1 illustrating an inner and outer expandable stent and slat members carried by the stents prior to expansion, upon expansion, and upon removal of two slat members, respectively;
  • FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of the medical device deployed within a blood vessel and positioned across an aneurysm at a vessel bifurcation prior to removal of any slat member;
  • FIG. 5 illustrates the medical device within a blood vessel after partial removal of two slat members; and,
  • FIG. 6 shows the medical device having two slat members fully removed in order to permit blood flow into a branching blood vessel.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
  • FIG. 1 illustrates a medical device 10 which may be used to treat an aneurysm, such as an aneurysm within the brain, occurring in a blood vessel at or near a bifurcation in the blood vessel. In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the medical device 10 is comprised of an outer expandable stent 12 and an inner expandable stent 14 coaxially disposed within the outer expandable stent 12. Additionally, the medical device 10 includes a first plurality of removable slat members 16 a, 16 b, 16 c carried by the outer expandable stent 12 and a second plurality of removable slat members 18 a, 18 b, 18 c carried by the inner expandable stent 14.
  • The medical device 10, as illustrated, includes a total of six removable slat members, but it should be appreciated that the medical device 10 may include more or less slat members depending upon the size of the stent and the application of the device. The removable slat members 16 a, 16 b, 16 c, 18 a, 18 b, and 18 c are preferably formed of a material such as PTFE, often used in grafts, but may be formed of other polymeric or metallic materials. Attached to the proximal portion of each removable slat member 16 a, 16 b, 16 c is one of a first set of detachable tethers 20 a, 20 b, 20 c, respectively, and attached to the proximal portion of each of the other removable slat members 18 a, 18 b, 18 c is one of a second set of detachable tethers 22 a, 22 b, 22 c, respectively.
  • For illustrative purposes only, FIG. 2 illustrates the medical device 10 without the inner expandable stent 14. The inner expandable stent 14 is identical to the outer expandable stent 12, except that it is of a slightly smaller diameter. The outer expandable stent 12 takes the form of a hollow skeletal tubular member comprised of an expandable wire frame 24. The wire frame 24 is preferably formed of Nitinol material and is thereafter heat-treated so as to exhibit superelastic properties at body temperature. Alternatively the wire frame may be formed of other metallic or polymeric materials. The peripheral surface 25 of the wire frame 24 is comprised of a plurality of cells 26 which are formed by a plurality of interconnected strut members 28 which may take on many different patterns and configurations. Examples of such patterns and configurations are disclosed in U.S. patent application Ser. Nos. 10/163,116; 10/163,248; and 10/425,380, entitled “Intravascular Stent Device,” filed on Jun. 5, 2002, Jun. 5, 2002 and Apr. 29, 2003, respectively, and assigned to the same assignee as the present patent application. Alternatively, the wire frame 24 may take the form of a simple helically wound coil. Interwoven between the interconnected strut members 28 of the outer expandable stent 12 are three removable slat members 16 a, 16 b, 16 c. The removable slat members 16 a, 16 b, 16 c provide a cover for a portion of the peripheral surface 25 of the wire frame 24. When implanted into a blood vessel, the covered portion of the outer stent 12 will impede blood flow through the surface 25 of the outer stent 12.
  • Attached to the proximal section of each removable slat member 16 a, 16 b, 16 c is one of a plurality of detachable tethers 20 a, 20 b, 20 c. The detachable tethers 20 a, 20 b, 20 c are used to aid in the removal of the slat members 16 a, 16 b, 16 c once the stent has been placed into a blood vessel. The detachable tethers 20 a, 20 b, 20 c preferably take the form of a stainless steel wire coated with a radiopaque material. Alternatively, the detachable tethers 20 a, 20 b, 20 c may be formed of a bioabsorbable polymeric material. Additionally, the detachable tethers 20 a, 20 b, 20 c may be detached from the removable slat members 16 a, 16 b, 16 c by mechanical, chemical, or electromagnetic means.
  • FIGS. 3 a, 3 b, and 3 c show cross-sectional views of the medical device 10. In FIG. 3 a, the medical device 10 is in a compressed state. While in a compressed state, the medical device 10 may be delivered to a diseased blood vessel using a catheter based delivery system. As shown, the inner expandable stent 14 is coaxially disposed within the outer expandable stent 12. The first plurality of removable slat members 16 a, 16 b, 16 c are carried by the wire frame 24 of the outer expandable stent 12. The removable slat members 16 a, 16 b, 16 c are preferably interwoven between the strut members 28 of the outer expandable stent 12. Similarly, the second plurality of removable slat members 18 a, 18 b, 18 c are carried by the wire frame 24 of the inner expandable stent 14 and are preferably interwoven between the strut members 28 of the inner expandable stent 14.
  • The inner expandable stent 14 is aligned within the outer expandable stent 12 such that when expanded, as shown in FIG. 3 b, the removable slat members 16 a, 16 b, 16 c, 18 a, 18 b, and 18 c form a continuous cover for the medical device 10. When the medical device 10 is deployed within a blood vessel, the removable slat members 16 a, 16 b, 16 c, 18 a, 18 b, and 18 c impede the flow of blood through the peripheral surface of the medical device. By removing one of the slat members 16 a, 16 b, 16 c, 18 a, 18 b, and 18 c, an opening would be provided through the portion of the medical device 10 covered by the removed slat member. Thus, a physician may re-establish patency in a branching blood vessel while impeding blood flow through other portions of the medical device 10.
  • FIG. 3 c shows a cross-sectional view of the medical device 10 having two removable slat members 16 b, 18 b removed from the medical device. The removal of the slat members 16 b, 18 b uncovers a portion of the peripheral surfaces of the expandable stents 12, 14. Thus, an opening 36 is formed for which blood may flow through the medical device 10 and into branching blood vessels.
  • FIG. 4 illustrates a medical device 10 positioned adjacent an aneurysm 32 at a bifurcation of a blood vessel 30 within the brain of a patient. The removable slat members 16 a, 16 b, 16 c, 18 a, 18 b, and 18 c cover the medical device 10 and block the flow of blood through the peripheral surface of the medical device. As shown, the medical device 10 prevents blood flow into the adjacent aneurysm 32. By restricting the blood flow into the aneurysm 32, thrombus forms within the aneurysm and the pressure on the wall of the aneurysm is relieved; however, the blood flow to a branching blood vessel 34 has also been restricted.
  • FIG. 5 shows how patency to the branching blood vessel 34 is re-established. The detachable tether 20 b is moved proximally, thereby pulling removable slat member 16 b proximally through the medical device 10. When the distal end 35 of the removable slat member 16 b is moved past the branching blood vessel 34, blood flow returns to the branching blood vessel through the opening 36 through the peripheral surface of the medical device 10. Additionally, the removable slat member 18 b is removed by pulling the detachable tether 22 b proximally until the distal end 37 of the slat member 18 b has passed the branching blood vessel 34. The removal of the slat member 18 b further uncovers the medical device 10 and allows for increased blood flow into surrounding blood vessels. In this fashion, patency may be re-established to surrounding blood vessels while still covering the aneurysm 32.
  • Illustrated in FIG. 6 is the medical device 10 deployed within the bifurcated blood vessel 30 and having two slat members 16 b, 18 b removed from the medical device. The remaining slat members 16 a, 16 c, 18 a, and 18 c cover the portion of the medical device 10 which is adjacent to the aneurysm 32. As shown, blood may flow through the opening 36 in the medical device 10, but blood may not flow into the aneurysm 32.
  • Also provided is a method of treating an aneurysm including the steps of inserting the medical device 10 into the diseased blood vessel 30 of a patient, advancing the medical device distally through the blood vessel until the medical device is aligned with and covering an aneurysm 32 in the blood vessel, and selectively removing any one of the plurality of removable slat members 16 a, 16 b, 16 c, 18 a, 18 b, and 18 c by moving the tether 20 a, 20 b, 20 c, 22 a, 22 b, and 22 c attached to the selected slat member proximally and thus allowing blood flow through the peripheral surface of the medical device and into a branching blood vessel 34.
  • A novel medical device and method to treat an aneurysm at a bifurcation has been disclosed. Although a preferred embodiment of the present invention has been described, it should be understood that various modifications such as for example removal of the detachable section by an electrical or electrolytic process, by a hydraulic process or by other mechanical processes may be made by one skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the claims which follow.

Claims (32)

  1. 1. A medical device comprising:
    an expandable stent which takes the form of a small diameter skeletal tubular member having a thin wall, said wall of said skeletal tubular member including a plurality of cells which are formed by a plurality of interconnected strut members; and,
    an elongated removable slat member interwoven between at least two of said plurality of strut members to temporarily attach said removable slat member to said skeletal tubular member to thereby provide a cover for a portion of the wall of said skeletal tubular member.
  2. 2. A medical device as defined in claim 1, including a plurality of elongated removable slat members interwoven between said plurality of strut members to temporarily attach said plurality of removable slat members to said skeletal tubular member and to thereby provide a cover for a portion of the wall of said skeletal tubular member.
  3. 3. A medical device as defined in claim 2, including a plurality of tethers each attached to one of said plurality of removable slat members in order to selectively remove any one of said removable slat members to thereby provide a selective passage for blood flow through a portion of the wall of said skeletal tubular member.
  4. 4. A medical device as defined in claim 3, wherein said tethers are removably attached to the removable slat members.
  5. 5. A medical device as defined in claim 3, wherein said tethers take the form of elongated puller wires.
  6. 6. A medical device as defined in claim 3, wherein said tethers are comprised of a bioabsorbable material.
  7. 7. A medical device comprising:
    an expandable stent which takes the form of a hollow tubular member comprised of an expandable wire frame having a peripheral surface; and,
    an elongated removable slat member carried by said hollow tubular member and providing a cover for a portion of the peripheral surface of said hollow tubular member.
  8. 8. A medical device as defined in claim 7, including a tether attached to said removable slat member so that said tether may be pulled to remove said slat member from said hollow tubular member.
  9. 9. A medical device as defined in claim 8, wherein said tether is removably attached to said removable slat member.
  10. 10. A medical device as defined in claim 8, wherein said tether is comprised of a bioabsorbable material.
  11. 11. A medical device as defined in claim 7, including a plurality of removable slat members carried by said hollow tubular member to thereby provide a cover for a portion of the peripheral surface of said hollow tubular member.
  12. 12. A medical device as defined in claim 11, including a plurality of tethers each attached to one of said plurality of removable slat members in order to selectively remove any one of said plurality of removable slat members.
  13. 13. A medical device as defined in claim 12, wherein said plurality of tethers are removably attached to said removable slat members.
  14. 14. A medical device as defined in claim 12, wherein said tethers takes the form of an elongated puller wire.
  15. 15. A medical device as defined in claim 12, wherein said tethers are comprised of a bioabsorbable material.
  16. 16. A medical device comprised of:
    An outer expandable stent which takes the form of a first hollow skeletal tubular member which defines a first peripheral surface;
    a first plurality of removable slat members carried by said first skeletal tubular member and spaced apart at approximately equal distances around the first peripheral surface of said first skeletal tubular member to thereby provide a cover for a portion of said first peripheral surface;
    an inner expandable stent which takes the form of a second hollow skeletal tubular member which defines a second peripheral surface;
    a second plurality of removable slat members carried by said second skeletal tubular member and space apart at approximately equal distances around the second peripheral surface of said second skeletal tubular member to thereby provide a cover for a portion of said second peripheral surface, said second skeletal tubular member being coaxially disposed within said first skeletal tubular member and being oriented such that said first plurality of removable slat members and said second plurality of removable slat members form a substantially continuous cover for said medical device;
    a first plurality of tethers each attached to one of said first plurality of removable slat members in order to selectively remove any one of said first plurality of slat members to thereby provide a selective passage for blood flow through the first peripheral surface; and,
    a second plurality of tethers each attached to one of said second plurality of removable slat members in order to selectively remove any one of said second plurality of slat members to thereby provide a selective passage for blood flow through the second peripheral surface.
  17. 17. A medical device comprised of:
    an outer expandable stent which takes the form of a first hollow skeletal tubular member which defines a first peripheral surface and having a first plurality of cells formed by a first plurality of interconnected strut members;
    a first plurality of removable slat members interwoven between said first plurality of strut members of said first skeletal tubular member and spaced apart at approximately equal distances around the first peripheral surface of said first skeletal tubular member to thereby cover a portion of said first peripheral surface;
    an inner expandable stent which takes the form of a second hollow skeletal tubular member which defines a second peripheral surface and having a second plurality of cells formed by a second plurality of interconnected strut members; a second plurality of removable slat members interwoven between said second plurality of strut members of said second skeletal tubular member and spaced apart at approximately equal distances around the second peripheral surface of said second skeletal tubular member to thereby cover a portion of said second peripheral surface, said inner expandable stent being coaxially disposed within said outer expandable stent and oriented such that said first plurality of slat members and said second plurality of slat members form a substantially continuous cover for said medical device;
    a first plurality of detachable tethers each attached to one of said first plurality of slat members in order to selectively remove any one of said first plurality of slat members to thereby provide a selective passage for blood flow through the first peripheral surface of said outer expandable stent; and,
    a second plurality of detachable tethers each attached to one of said second plurality of slat members in order to selectively remove any one of said second plurality of slat members to thereby provide a selective passage for blood flow through the second peripheral surface of said inner expandable stent.
  18. 18. A method of treating a vascular disease comprising the steps of:
    providing a covered stent having an expandable tubular frame, a cover member carried by said tubular frame and including a detachable portion;
    inserting said covered stent into a blood vessel of a patient;
    positioning said covered stent adjacent to a diseased portion of said blood vessel; and,
    removing said detachable portion of said cover member from said covered stent and withdrawing said detachable portion from said blood vessel thereby allowing blood to flow through a portion of the cover member of said covered stent at the location of the detachable portion and into surrounding blood vessels.
  19. 19. A method of treating an aneurysm comprising the steps of:
    providing an expandable stent which takes the form of a skeletal tubular member having a peripheral surface and a plurality of removable slat members each carried by said skeletal tubular member to provide a cover for a portion of said peripheral surface;
    inserting said expandable stent into a blood vessel of a patient;
    advancing said expandable stent through said blood vessel until said expandable stent is aligned with and covering an aneurysm in said blood vessel; and,
    removing one of said plurality of removable slat members to thereby provide blood flow to a branching blood vessel.
  20. 20. A method of treating an aneurysm comprising the steps of:
    providing a medical device including an outer expandable stent which takes the form of a first skeletal tubular member which defines a first peripheral surface, a first plurality of removable slat members carried by said first skeletal tubular member to provide a cover for a portion of said first peripheral surface, a first plurality of tethers each attached to one of said first plurality of slat members, an inner expandable stent which takes the form of a second skeletal tubular member which defines a second peripheral surface, a second plurality of removable slat members carried by said second skeletal tubular member to provide a cover for a portion of said second peripheral surface, and a second plurality of tethers each attached to one of said second plurality of slat members, said inner expandable stent being coaxially disposed within said outer expandable stent and positioned such that said first plurality of removable slat members and said second plurality of removable slat members form a substantially continuous cover for said medical device;
    inserting said medical device into a blood vessel of a patient;
    advancing said medical device distally through said blood vessel until said medical device is aligned with and covering an aneurysm in said blood vessel; and,
    selectively removing any one of said second plurality of removable slat members by moving the tether attached to said removable slat member proximally and thus allowing blood to flow into a branching blood vessel.
  21. 21. A medical device comprising:
    an expandable stent which takes the form of a small diameter skeletal tubular member having a thin wall;
    a cover member carried by said skeletal tubular member including a removable section; and,
    an elongated activation member connected to said removable section for withdrawing the removable section of the cover member from the skeletal tubular member in order to permit blood to flow through a portion of the wall of the skeletal tubular member.
  22. 22. A medical device as defined in claim 21, wherein said elongated activation member is removably attached to said removable section of the cover member.
  23. 23. A medical device as defined in claim 21, wherein said elongated activation member takes the form of a puller wire.
  24. 24. A medical device as defined in claim 21, wherein said elongated activation member is formed of a bioabsorbable material.
  25. 25. A medical device comprising:
    an expandable stent which takes the form of a small diameter skeletal tubular member having a thin wall, said wall of said skeletal tubular member including a plurality of cells which are formed by a plurality of interconnected strut members;
    a cover member carried by said skeletal tubular member including a plurality of removable sections; and,
    a plurality of elongated activation members each connected to one of said removable sections for withdrawing a selected one of said plurality of removable sections of said cover member.
  26. 26. A medical device as defined in claim 24, wherein said elongated activation member is removably attached to said removable section of the cover member.
  27. 27. A medical device as defined in claim 24, wherein said elongated activation member takes the form of a puller wire.
  28. 28. A medical device as defined in claim 24, wherein said elongated activation member is formed of a bioabsorbable material.
  29. 29. A medical device comprising:
    an outer expandable stent which takes the form of a first hollow skeletal tubular member having a peripheral surface;
    a first cover member carried by said first hollow skeletal tubular member, and covering a portion of the peripheral surface of said first skeletal tubular member and said first cover member including a first removable section;
    an inner expandable stent which takes the form of a second hollow skeletal tubular member having a peripheral surface and being disposed coaxially within the first skeletal tubular member;
    a second cover member carried by said second hollow skeletal tubular member and covering a portion of the peripheral surface of said second skeletal tubular member, said second cover member including a second removable section, said first hollow skeletal tubular member being oriented with respect to said second hollow skeletal tubular member such that the first cover member and second cover member cover substantially the entire peripheral surface of said expandable stent; and,
    a first elongated activation member coupled to said first removable section for withdrawing said first removable section from said first hollow skeletal tubular member; and,
    a second elongated activation member coupled to said second removable section for withdrawing said second removable section from said second hollow skeletal tubular member in order to permit blood to flow through a portion of the peripheral surface of said first hollow skeletal tubular member.
  30. 30. A medical device as defined in claim 28, wherein said elongated activation member is removably attached to said removable section of the cover member.
  31. 31. A medical device as defined in claim 28, wherein said elongated activation member is removably attached to said removable section of the cover member.
  32. 32. A medical device as defined in claim 28, wherein said elongated activation member is removably attached to said removable section of the cover member.
US10696667 2003-10-29 2003-10-29 Expandable stent having removable slat members Abandoned US20050096725A1 (en)

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JP4545549B2 (en) 2010-09-15 grant
EP1595514A3 (en) 2006-04-12 application
US20080091260A1 (en) 2008-04-17 application
CA2486140A1 (en) 2005-04-29 application
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US7611530B2 (en) 2009-11-03 grant
EP1595514A2 (en) 2005-11-16 application
CA2486140C (en) 2012-09-11 grant
JP2005131405A (en) 2005-05-26 application

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