US20050086846A1 - Supplementary safety device for light firearms - Google Patents

Supplementary safety device for light firearms Download PDF

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Publication number
US20050086846A1
US20050086846A1 US10/958,006 US95800604A US2005086846A1 US 20050086846 A1 US20050086846 A1 US 20050086846A1 US 95800604 A US95800604 A US 95800604A US 2005086846 A1 US2005086846 A1 US 2005086846A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
safety
bodies
accordance
rotation
pin
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10/958,006
Inventor
Ugo Beretta
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Fabbrica dArmi P Beretta SpA
Original Assignee
Fabbrica dArmi P Beretta SpA
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to ITBS20010036 priority Critical patent/ITBS20010036A1/en
Priority to ITBS2001A000036 priority
Priority to US10/142,819 priority patent/US6810613B2/en
Application filed by Fabbrica dArmi P Beretta SpA filed Critical Fabbrica dArmi P Beretta SpA
Priority to US10/958,006 priority patent/US20050086846A1/en
Publication of US20050086846A1 publication Critical patent/US20050086846A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A17/00Safety arrangements, e.g. safeties
    • F41A17/44Safety plugs, e.g. for plugging-up cartridge chambers, barrels, magazine spaces

Abstract

This invention concerns a supplementary safety device in the form of a false cartridge to be inserted into the chamber of a light firearm barrel, including a radially expandable portion controlled by a lock operated by a specific key for locking/unlocking it in the barrel in which it is housed, so it may be removed only voluntarily.

Description

    INVENTION FIELD
  • This invention concerns, in general the field of light firearms, both long and short barrelled such as parallel barrel or over-and-under shotguns, rifles, handguns etc., and in particular refers to a safety device for these arms, namely a mechanical supplementary safety device in the form of a false cartridge.
  • STATE OF THE ART
  • On the one hand the use of so-called false cartridges is already established: devices inserted into the chamber of the barrel(s) of a light firearm when it is not in use, in place of a real cartridge, with view to at least preventing the gun going off accidentally and indicating that it cannot be arbitrarily used. These means however have no real safety device function in the sense that they cannot effectively block abusive use of the firearm since the false cartridge may easily be removed without specific tools even by a child or by unauthorised and incompetent persons.
  • On the other hand, though the firearms mentioned above are usually equipped with safety catches with the function of preventing them going off accidentally, for example by blocking the trigger mechanism and/or the hammer action, today there is a pressing demand and consequent need to equip these arms with an additional safety device that can be activated and deactivated by a personalised means available only to the owner of the firearm or someone delegated thereby, thus avoiding effective use of the firearm by unauthorised persons.
  • PURPOSES AND SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • One purpose of this invention is to offer a supplementary safety device created in the form of a false cartridge which can be inserted and stably locked in the chamber of light firearms without the possibility of removal other than voluntary and only by using a specific means correlated to the device itself.
  • Another purpose of the invention is to supply a mechanical safety device that fully corresponds to the current, sought-after requirement of increased safety in the use of light firearms such as to permit their use only and exclusively to those who have a personalised method, such as a key, that can control and remove the device once the latter has been activated.
  • A further purpose of the invention is to create and supply a safety device for light firearms, shotguns, rifles, handguns and similar that is supplementary to the safety catches with which these firearms are already equipped.
  • Yet another purpose of the invention is to supply a safety device for the above mentioned firearms that has two distinct locking sections for maximum efficiency: the first section can be voluntarily activated and deactivated by a specific and personalised method, while the second section, normally inactive, is activated following surreptitious attempted breakage and removal of the device when it is locked in the barrel of a firearm.
  • The invention achieves these purposes with a mechanical safety device for light firearms, at least according to claim 1.
  • Correspondingly, the safety device proposed herewith, substantially in the form of a false cartridge or of a form suitable for insertion into the chamber of a firearm, possesses first of all a radially expandable portion controlled by a lock and specific key for locking/unlocking it in the barrel in which it is lodged, thus making it removable only voluntarily.
  • However, depending on the state and/or the lubrication of the barrel cartridge chamber internal surface, this controlled expansion lock might not prevent the sliding and forced ejection of the device if axial thrust were to be applied by means of a tool, such as a rod, inserted into the muzzle of the barrel.
  • So the second locking portion of the device is aimed at preventing all unauthorised forced removal, thanks to an accentuation of the locking action. In fact any axial thrust applied to the device with the intention of ejecting it from the part of its introduction into the barrel results in activation of this second portion which, expanding, tightens against the interior of the barrel; and the greater the thrust the greater the tightening. The advantages of the new supplementary safety device invention may therefore be summarised as follows:
      • great ease, convenience and immediacy of use; maximum efficiency and reliability in preventing unauthorised use of the firearm;
      • possibility of breakage minimised, and even more so if the command lock is
        • made in drill-resistant material.
  • Moreover, its configuration and absence of appendices mean that when the device is set in place in the chamber it offers no part that might be gripped by an extracting tool. Lastly, a safety device of this type may be easily manufactured and adapted with the same efficacy and safety to firearms of is all calibres, without any modification of the firearm whatsoever.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The invention is described in greater detail below with reference to the attached indicative and not limitative drawings in which:
  • FIG. 1 shows a blow-up view of the elements comprising the device;
  • FIG. 2 shows an analogous blow-up view of the elements of FIG. 1, but in section;
  • FIG. 3 shows an external view of the assembled device;
  • FIG. 4 shows the device in longitudinal section;
  • FIG. 5 shows an external view of the device in a variant version; and
  • FIG. 6 shows the FIG. 5 device in longitudinal axial section.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • The safety device in question is inserted into the chamber of a firearm from the breech towards the muzzle. It consists of a first body 10 pointing towards the breech of the barrel, a second intermediate body 11 and a final spigot and socket body 12, this last pointing towards the muzzle. The first body and the second intermediate body are joined and axially moveable each with regard to the other, but without the possibility of rotation, thanks to an axial appendix 16 integral with the intermediate body and having the purpose of insertion into corresponding housing 17 in the first body. The first body 10 and the intermediate body 11 are joined by a rotating screw pin 13 with head 13′ housed in the first body, abutting against a shoulder which impedes axial movement of the pin without obstructing its rotation. The screw pin 13 may be screwed directly to the intermediate body 11 or, as shown in the drawings, to a threaded element 14 associated with that body, in such a way that rotation of the screw pin in one direction causes the approach and in the other direction the distancing of the intermediate body with regard to the first body.
  • An anti-rotation gasket 15 is mounted around the first body 10 to prevent rotation of the device when it is placed in the chamber for use.
  • The contiguous extremities 10′ and 11′ of the two bodies 10 and 11 respectively are in truncated cone form and extend from the respective shoulders 10″ and 11″. Together they delimit an annular peripheral housing 18 at which level is envisaged at least one deformable and expandable by compression element such as, for example, a gasket 19 in an elastomer material, a cup spring 20, or some other element, which is radially squeezed and expanded between the two shoulders 10″ and 11″ when the two bodies 10 and 11 are brought together.
  • The first body 10 houses and retains a safety lock 21, linked with the screw pin 13 for rotation of the latter and activated by means of a personalised key supplied to the firearm owner.
  • So when the device is placed in the chamber of a firearm barrel, by turning the screw pin 13 with lock and key in one direction, the intermediate body 11 is brought close to the first body 10 and there is consequent radial expansion of the expandable element 19 or 20, resulting in the device being locked into the chamber. Thus the device cannot be extracted from the breech and the firearm cannot be used by unauthorised persons or those not in possession of the key. Turning the key and therefore the screw pin in the opposite direction, the device is unlocked.
  • The spigot and socket body 12 is linked to the forward extremity of the intermediate body 11 by the interposing of a spacer 27. This is axially bound to the free extremity of the screw pin 13, for example by a Seeger 22, and has a side wall 23 which is winged and expandable and delimits a conical cavity 24, tapering towards the bottom of the body itself. The cavity contains an axially moveable conical plug 25 and is closed by a cover 26 to prevent exit of the plug.
  • So when the safety device has been locked in the barrel of the firearm with the special key, any action or thrust on the device, perhaps with a rod inserted into the muzzle with view to ejecting the device at the breech, will cause in-depth penetration of the conical plug 25, consequent expansion of the winged wall 23 of the spigot and socket body against the internal wall of the barrel and an accentuation of the blocking of the device, making it practically immoveable also in such cases.
  • The same result is obtained, as shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, when the spigot and socket body is not independent but integrated with or integral to the intermediate body.
  • Lastly it should be noted that as a means of impeding forced and unauthorised ejection of the device from a firearm barrel, the spigot and socket body could be replaced by other elements such as a permanent deformation organ, a conical screw or an inclined sector, without this being a departure from the context of the invention.

Claims (15)

1. A supplementary safety device that may be inserted into the chamber of light firearms including at least one of shotguns, rifles and handguns, the safety device comprising:
a first body containing a lock with a rotating part controlled by a specific key;
a second body linked to the first body and axially moveable, without rotating, between a position of unlocking;
with a position distant from the first body and a position of locking with a position close to the first body;
a screw pin driven in rotation without moving axially in the first body, the screw pin being connected to and controlled by the lock for rotation of said screw pin and to be linked directly or indirectly with the second body for the movement of the second body between the positions of unlocking and locking following the turning of the screw pin; and
a flexible element deformable by compression and located between the first and second bodies in order to expand radially and project peripherally from the first and second bodies when the second body is in the lock position, thus creating the locking of the device in the chamber of the barrel in which it is housed.
2. A supplementary safety device that may be inserted into the chamber of light firearms including shotguns, rifles and handguns, the safety device comprising:
a first body containing a locks with a rotating part controlled by a specific key;
a second body linked to the first body and axially moveable, without rotating, between a position of unlocking;
with a position distant from the first body and a position of locking with a position close to the first body;
a screw pin driven in rotation without moving axially in the first body, the screw pin being connected to and controlled by the lock for rotation of said screw pin and to be linked directly or indirectly with the second body for the movement of the second body between the positions of unlocking and locking following the turning of the screw pin; and
a flexible element deformable by compression and located between the first and second bodies in order to expand radially and project peripherally from the first and second bodies when the second body is in the locking position, thus creating the locking of the device in the chamber of the barrel in which it is housed;
a third body associated and in line with the second body and with an expandable winged wall delimiting a conical cavity; and
a conical plugs located and axially moveable in the conical cavity of the third body to radially expand the winged wall and additionally lock the device in the barrel if the plug is subject to thrust in the direction of the chamber in an attempt to eject the device.
3. A safety device in accordance with claim 1, wherein the screw pin is screwed to the second body.
4. A safety device in accordance with claim 1, wherein the screw pin is screwed to a threaded element linked and engaged with the second body.
5. A safety device in accordance with claim 1, wherein the first and second bodies are linked with axial and anti-rotation coupling portions.
6. A safety device in accordance with claim 1, wherein the flexible deformable by compression element consists of a gasket in an elastomer material or of a spring and is placed between two annular shoulders, at the level of truncated conical portions integral with the first and second bodies.
7. A safety device in accordance with claim 1, wherein at least around the first body an anti-rotation gasket is mounted to prevent rotation of the device when placed in the chamber.
8. A safety device in accordance with claim 2, wherein the third body is axially limited at the free end of the screw pin and is linked to the second body with the interposing of a spacer.
9. A safety device in accordance claim 2, wherein the third body is one of independent from, integrated with or integral to the second body.
10. A safety device in accordance with claim 2, wherein the screw pin is screwed to the second body.
11. A safety device in accordance with claim 2, wherein the screw pin is screwed to a threaded element linked and engaged with the second body.
12. A safety device in accordance with claim 2, wherein the first and second bodies are linked with axial and anti-rotation coupling portions.
13. A safety device in accordance with claim 2, wherein the flexible deformable by compression element consists of a gasket in an elastomer material or of spring and is placed between two annular shoulders, at the level of truncated conical portions integral with the first and second bodies.
14. A safety device in accordance with claim 2, wherein at least around the first body an anti-rotation gasket is mounted to prevent rotation of the device when placed in the chamber.
15. A firearm safety arrangement comprising:
a firearm barrel having a muzzle end and a breech end;
a first body having a shape for inserting into said barrel;
a pin rotatably mounted in said first body;
a second body rotatably connected to said pin, said first and second bodies having a connection to said pin where relative rotation of said pin with respect to one of said bodies causes said bodies to move toward and away from each other;
an expandable element arranged around said pin and arranged between said first and second bodies, said first and second bodies and said expandable element having a shape, and said expandable element being formed of a material to have said expandable element expand when said first and second bodies move toward each other;
a lock arranged in said first body and rotationally fixed to said pin, said lock being selectively rotatable in said first body by a key, wherein said first body is arranged in said barrel adjacent said breech end;
an anti-rotation device is arranged on said first body to hold said first body rotationally fixed in the barrel and against the barrel.
US10/958,006 2001-05-18 2004-10-04 Supplementary safety device for light firearms Abandoned US20050086846A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ITBS20010036 ITBS20010036A1 (en) 2001-05-18 2001-05-18 supplementary safety device for light firearms
ITBS2001A000036 2001-05-18
US10/142,819 US6810613B2 (en) 2001-05-18 2002-05-10 Supplementary safety device for light firearms
US10/958,006 US20050086846A1 (en) 2001-05-18 2004-10-04 Supplementary safety device for light firearms

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10/958,006 US20050086846A1 (en) 2001-05-18 2004-10-04 Supplementary safety device for light firearms

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/142,819 Continuation US6810613B2 (en) 2001-05-18 2002-05-10 Supplementary safety device for light firearms

Publications (1)

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US20050086846A1 true US20050086846A1 (en) 2005-04-28

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ID=11440703

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/142,819 Expired - Fee Related US6810613B2 (en) 2001-05-18 2002-05-10 Supplementary safety device for light firearms
US10/958,006 Abandoned US20050086846A1 (en) 2001-05-18 2004-10-04 Supplementary safety device for light firearms

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/142,819 Expired - Fee Related US6810613B2 (en) 2001-05-18 2002-05-10 Supplementary safety device for light firearms

Country Status (12)

Country Link
US (2) US6810613B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1260783B1 (en)
AR (1) AR033895A1 (en)
AT (1) AT414883T (en)
BR (1) BR0201708A (en)
CZ (1) CZ20021661A3 (en)
DE (1) DE60229898D1 (en)
IL (1) IL149475A (en)
IT (1) ITBS20010036A1 (en)
MX (1) MXPA02004925A (en)
TR (1) TR200201334A2 (en)
ZA (1) ZA200203587B (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7150122B1 (en) * 2004-04-08 2006-12-19 Don Dongcho Ha Auto-eject gun-lock device with ring-mounted key
US7155856B1 (en) * 2005-04-05 2007-01-02 Kimber Ip, Llc Integral locking system for rifle

Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20060162221A1 (en) * 2005-01-25 2006-07-27 Mclaren Robert R Locking device for a firearm
US20070137085A1 (en) * 2005-12-20 2007-06-21 Robert Len Aske Safety cartridge
US20080086927A1 (en) * 2006-06-15 2008-04-17 Wajdic Richard E Gun locking system and method of use
ITAN20080016U1 (en) * 2007-07-04 2009-01-05 Armsan Silah Sanayi Ve Ticaret Anon Im Sirketi Locking device to trigger weapons.
JP2009156506A (en) * 2007-12-26 2009-07-16 Miroku Seisakusho:Kk Composite type safety device for gun
ES2389691T3 (en) * 2008-03-12 2012-10-30 Armatix Gmbh Self-locking safety device for firearm and procedure to secure a firearm

Citations (9)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2923323A (en) * 1957-09-05 1960-02-02 Imp Brass Mfg Co Tube plug
US4908971A (en) * 1989-06-02 1990-03-20 Chaney James C Safety lock for firearms
US5044105A (en) * 1989-07-17 1991-09-03 Camloc (U.K.) Limited Locking device
US5115589A (en) * 1988-04-27 1992-05-26 Gun Security Limited Locking device for firearms
US5289653A (en) * 1992-12-30 1994-03-01 Szebeni Laszlo L Firearm locking device
US5950344A (en) * 1997-10-30 1999-09-14 Ross; Larry Quick-release gun lock
US6226914B1 (en) * 1999-06-25 2001-05-08 Waymon Burton Reed Firearm safety apparatus
US6405472B1 (en) * 2001-03-05 2002-06-18 Endre Dojcsak Gun lock safety device
US6526684B1 (en) * 2000-04-05 2003-03-04 Frederick R. Hickerson Firearm safety device

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2215822B (en) * 1988-02-06 1991-11-27 John Philip Donald Shuker Locking device for firearms
FR2698684B1 (en) * 1992-11-30 1995-12-15 Decathlon Sa Safety socket for firearms.
DE29920918U1 (en) * 1999-11-27 2001-04-05 Blaser Horst Jagdwaffen Device for securing a firearm against unauthorized use
DE19957160C1 (en) * 1999-11-27 2001-02-01 Blaser Horst Jagdwaffen Gun safety device for preventing unauthorised use has insert fitted in barrel provided by spring sleeve with expansion devices at either end for blocking it against barrel wall
FR2808081B3 (en) * 2000-04-21 2002-06-28 Ronis Sa Hunting rifle conviction device

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2923323A (en) * 1957-09-05 1960-02-02 Imp Brass Mfg Co Tube plug
US5115589A (en) * 1988-04-27 1992-05-26 Gun Security Limited Locking device for firearms
US4908971A (en) * 1989-06-02 1990-03-20 Chaney James C Safety lock for firearms
US5044105A (en) * 1989-07-17 1991-09-03 Camloc (U.K.) Limited Locking device
US5289653A (en) * 1992-12-30 1994-03-01 Szebeni Laszlo L Firearm locking device
US5950344A (en) * 1997-10-30 1999-09-14 Ross; Larry Quick-release gun lock
US6226914B1 (en) * 1999-06-25 2001-05-08 Waymon Burton Reed Firearm safety apparatus
US6526684B1 (en) * 2000-04-05 2003-03-04 Frederick R. Hickerson Firearm safety device
US6405472B1 (en) * 2001-03-05 2002-06-18 Endre Dojcsak Gun lock safety device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7150122B1 (en) * 2004-04-08 2006-12-19 Don Dongcho Ha Auto-eject gun-lock device with ring-mounted key
US20060288624A1 (en) * 2004-04-08 2006-12-28 Ha Don D Auto-eject gun-lock device with ring-mounted key
US7155856B1 (en) * 2005-04-05 2007-01-02 Kimber Ip, Llc Integral locking system for rifle

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
MXPA02004925A (en) 2004-12-13
IL149475A (en) 2008-06-05
US6810613B2 (en) 2004-11-02
CZ20021661A3 (en) 2003-01-15
TR200201334A2 (en) 2002-12-23
US20020170223A1 (en) 2002-11-21
ITBS20010036A1 (en) 2002-11-18
DE60229898D1 (en) 2009-01-02
BR0201708A (en) 2003-03-25
AR033895A1 (en) 2004-01-07
ZA200203587B (en) 2002-12-17
EP1260783B1 (en) 2008-11-19
EP1260783A1 (en) 2002-11-27
AT414883T (en) 2008-12-15
IL149475D0 (en) 2002-11-10

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