US20050070371A1 - Weight member for a golf club head - Google Patents

Weight member for a golf club head Download PDF

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Publication number
US20050070371A1
US20050070371A1 US10/673,418 US67341803A US2005070371A1 US 20050070371 A1 US20050070371 A1 US 20050070371A1 US 67341803 A US67341803 A US 67341803A US 2005070371 A1 US2005070371 A1 US 2005070371A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
weight member
golf club
club head
alloy
tungsten
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10/673,418
Inventor
Chan-Tung Chen
Chun-Yung Huang
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Fu Sheng Industrial Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Fu Sheng Industrial Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Fu Sheng Industrial Co Ltd filed Critical Fu Sheng Industrial Co Ltd
Priority to US10/673,418 priority Critical patent/US20050070371A1/en
Assigned to FU SHENG INDUSTRIAL CO., LTD. reassignment FU SHENG INDUSTRIAL CO., LTD. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: CHEN, CHAN-TUNG, HUANG, CHUN-YUNG
Publication of US20050070371A1 publication Critical patent/US20050070371A1/en
Priority claimed from US11/150,177 external-priority patent/US20050227781A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B53/00Golf clubs
    • A63B53/04Heads
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B53/00Golf clubs
    • A63B53/04Heads
    • A63B53/047Heads iron-type
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B60/00Details or accessories of golf clubs, bats, rackets or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B53/00Golf clubs
    • A63B53/04Heads
    • A63B2053/0433Heads with special sole configurations
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2209/00Characteristics of used materials
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B53/00Golf clubs
    • A63B53/04Heads
    • A63B53/06Heads adjustable

Abstract

A weight member for a golf club head is made of a WMoNi alloy by powder metallurgy or a precision casting process. The WMoNi alloy includes tungsten 1-70 wt %, molybdenum 4-55 wt %, and nickel 25-95 wt %. Molybdenum increases the density of the weight member and improves the rust-resisting property of the weight member. The tungsten, molybdenum, and nickel provide a uniform metallographic phase. Uniformity of shining finishing of the weight member is thus improved.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • 1. Field of the Invention
  • The present invention relates to a weight member. In particular, the present invention relates to a weight member for a golf club head.
  • 2. Description of Related Art
  • A conventional weight member for a golf club head is made by powder metallurgy in which metal powders of high density and high rigidity such as tungsten having a density of 19.30 g/cm3, iron having a density of 7.8 g/cm3, and nickel having a density of 8.9 g/cm3 are pressed and formed and then sintered to form a WFeNi alloy that forms the weight member for a golf club head. Although the powder metallurgy is widely used, several disadvantages exist, including high cost for molds, low stretchability of products, long processing time, aptness to thermal expansion/shrinkage, and difficulty in forming delicate patterns, letters, serial number, trade names, etc.
  • Another method for manufacturing a weight member made of WFeNi alloy includes a precision casting process in which a specific metal melting sequence and a specific composition ratio are utilized to prevent sedimentation of tungsten having a high melting point. In the precision casting process, nickel of 30%-50%, iron of 30%-50%, tungsten of 20%-35%, silicon of less than 1%, manganese of less than 1%, and niobium of less than 0.5% are fed into a high-temperature furnace at a temperature above 1450° C. and melt to form a weight member made of WFeNi alloy for a golf club head. The weight member is then inserted or welded to a golf club head body that is generally made of stainless steel of SUS304, 17-4, and 4130.
  • This precision casting process overcomes the problems of the above conventional powder metallurgy. However, if the mixture ratio of the nickel, iron, and tungsten was not properly controlled, a pearlite structure was precipitated in a base of a γ (iron, nickel) phase of the WFeNi alloy, deteriorating the rust-resisting property of the weight member. Further, cracks were apt to be generated while welding the weight member to the golf club head body. During spray testing at 40° C. for 24 hours (which simulates a highly corrosive environment) to the WFeNi alloy by using NaCl solution of 5% by weight, the rusted area of the WFeNi alloy often exceeded 8% of the overall surface area of the WFeNi alloy. Further, since tungsten was often precipitated on the surface of the WFeNi alloy (the deep color portion is the pearlite structure and the white portion surrounded by the pearlite structure is the precipitated tungsten), the tungsten/γ (iron, nickel) phase formed by the alloy caused patterns on the weight member made of WFeNi alloy after grinding and polishing procedures. As a result, an obvious insertion line was generated when the weight member made of WFeNi alloy was directly inserted into a bottom surface of a golf club head body. Further, the insertion line of the products varied in response to the thickness ground off and the grinding angle. Thus, it is difficult to control the processing conditions.
  • In conclusion, since the conventional weight member made of WFeNi alloy contains iron such that the weight member has poor characteristics in the metallographical composition, rust-resisting property, and welding. The assembling procedure, appearance, bonding strength, manufacturing tolerance, and life of the golf club product are adversely affected.
  • OBJECTS OF THE INVENTION
  • An object of the present invention is to provide a weight member for a golf club head, wherein molybdenum is added to increase the density of the weight member and to improve the rust-resisting property of the weight member.
  • Another object of the present invention is to provide a weight member for a golf club head, wherein the weight member is made of a WMoNi alloy to improve the uniformity of the shining finishing and the appearance of the weight member.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • To achieve the aforementioned objects, the present invention provides a weight member for a golf club head that is made of a WMoNi alloy by powder metallurgy or a precision casting process. The WMoNi alloy includes tungsten 1-70 wt %, molybdenum 4-55 wt %, and nickel 25-95 wt %. Molybdenum increases the density pf the weight member and improves the rust-resisting property of the weight member. The tungsten, molybdenum, and nickel provide a uniform metallographic phase. Uniformity of shining finishing of the weight member is thus improved.
  • Other objects, advantages and novel features of this invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING
  • FIG. 1 is an exploded perspective view of a golf club head in accordance with the present invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
  • A preferred embodiment of the present invention is now to be described hereinafter in detail.
  • A golf club head in accordance with the present invention includes a golf club head body 20 having a recession 21 and a weight member 10 engaged in the recession 21 of the golf club head body 20 by means of welding, insertion, pressing, or brazing. The shape of the weight member 10 and the location of the recession 21 can be altered according to the product need. The weight member can be made by powder metallurgy.
  • In a case that the weight member is manufactured by a precision casting process, metals are fed into a high-temperature furnace at a temperature between 1450° C. and 1750° C. (preferably 1660° C.-1680° C.) in a specific metal melting sequence and a specific composition ratio while controlling the mixture ratio among tungsten, molybdenum, and nickel, thereby forming a molten WMoNi alloy. Next, the molten WMoNi alloy is poured into a preheated mold with a specific shape, precise patterns, and letters. The preheating temperature for the mold is set between 950° C. and 1300° C. Thus, a weight member for a golf club head is made by a precision casting process. The weight member is then engaged (by, e.g., insertion, welding, pressing, etc.) to a golf club head body that is generally made of stainless steel, such as stainless steel of SUS304, 17-4, and 4130.
  • According to the present invention, in the precision casting process, nickel particles, molybdenum particles, and tungsten particles are added in sequence into the high-temperature furnace. The molten nickel reduces the melting point of the tungsten. Thus, the tungsten particles having a high melting point melt in the furnace without causing sedimentation of tungsten. Next, appropriate sampling test and control are proceeded to form molten WMoNi alloy comprising tungsten 1-70 wt %, molybdenum of 4-55 wt %, and nickel of 25-95 wt %. Although the density of molybdenum (10.2 g/cm3) is smaller than that of tungsten (19.3 g/cm3) having a melting point at 3410° C., molybdenum has a lower melting point (2610° C.) so that, the furnace temperature required for precision processing is lowered through increasing the amount of molybdenum and reducing the amount of tungsten.
  • The density of the WMoNi alloy can be changed according to different uses of the golf clubs. Preferably, the density of the WMoNi alloy is between 8.6 g/cm3 and 16.6 g/cm3.
  • In a case that the weight member is manufactured by power metallurgy, tungsten powders of 1-70 wt %, molybdenum powders of 4-55 wt %, and nickel powders of 25-95 wt % are mixed and then pressed and sintered to form the required weight member 10.
  • In either case, the weight member made of WMoNi alloy contains no iron, and the amount of tungsten in the WMoNi alloy is lower than that in conventional weight members made of WFeNi alloy. Since the WMoNi alloy contains no iron and since the density of molybdenum is greater than iron, the rust-resisting property of molybdenum is better than that of iron. As a result, the weight member 10 would not generate pearlite structure that adversely affects the strength or rust-resisting property. Namely, the weight member in accordance with the present invention has a greater density and improved rust-resisting property. During spray testing at 40° C. for 24 hours (which simulates a highly corrosive environment) to the WMoNi alloy by using NaCl solution of 5% by weight, it was found that the rusting problem was improved by the WMoNi alloy.
  • In addition to insertion, pressing, and brazing, the weight member 10 can be engaged to the golf club head body 20 by welding such as tungsten inert gas arc welding, laser welding, or electrical arc welding.
  • Further, since the tungsten, molybdenum, and nickel provide a uniform metallographic phase, no y (iron, nickel) phase is generated. Thus, precipitation of tungsten on the surface of the WMoNi alloy is prevented, and undesired patterns would not be generated. Since the surface of the weight member 10 provides improved shining finishing uniformity, the insertion line between the weight member 10 and the golf club head body 20 can hardly be seen when the weight member is directly engaged to (particularly by insertion) the surface of the golf club head body 20 and then polished. Thus, the engaging difference between individual golf club head body 20 and the weight member 10 can be avoided, and the processing conditions can be controlled to be the same. Accordingly, the added value and the engaging/assembling tolerance of the weight member 10 are increased.
  • Further, the flowability during casting can be improved by means of adding silicon less than 1.5%. Further, an appropriate amount of manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), vanadium (V), and niobium (Nb) can be optionally added. The mechanical properties of the weight member, the flowability during casting, and removal of gas are improved when at least one of Mn of less than 1.0%, Cu of less than 4.0%, V of less than 1.0%, and Nb of less than 1.0% is added. Further, the WFeNi alloy may contain trace elements such as carbon of less than 0.1%, sulfur of less than 0.1%, and phosphorus of less than 0.1%.
  • According to the above, the disadvantages of the weight member made by the conventional precision casting process are obviated and/or mitigated by the weight member 10 in accordance with the present invention. The physical/chemical properties of the weight member 10 are improved by means of replacing iron with molybdenum. The density of the weight member 10 is increased. Further, the rust-resisting property, uniformity of the shining finishing, appearance, and the assembling tolerance of the weight member are improved while allowing the weight member to be welded to a golf club head body.
  • While the principles of this invention have been disclosed in connection with its specific embodiment, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that these descriptions are not intended to limit the scope of the invention, and that any modification and variation without departing the spirit of the invention is intended to be covered by the scope of this invention defined only by the appended claims.

Claims (6)

1. A weight member for a golf club head, the weight member being made by a WMoNi alloy in a precision casting process, the WMoNi alloy comprising a composition of molybdenum 4-55 wt %, nickel 25-95 wt %, and tungsten 1-70 wt %, wherein said weight member comprises of a WMoNi-alloy casting, and the composition of said molybdenum, nickel and tungsten provide a uniform metallographic phase that prevents a surface of the WMoNi-alloy casting from precipitation of tungsten in the precision casting process.
2-3. (Cancelled)
4. The weight member for a golf club head as claimed in claim 1, wherein the WFeNi alloy has a density of 8.6 g/cm3-16.6 g/cm3.
5. The weight member for a golf club head as claimed in claim 1, further comprising silicon of less than 1.5% to increase flowability during casting.
6. The weight member for a golf club head as claimed in claim 1, comprising at least one component for improving a mechanical property of the weight member.
7. The weight member for a golf club head as claimed in claim 6, wherein said at least one component includes manganese of less than 1.0%, copper of less than 4.0%, vanadium of less than 1.0%, and niobium of less than 1.0%.
US10/673,418 2003-09-30 2003-09-30 Weight member for a golf club head Abandoned US20050070371A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10/673,418 US20050070371A1 (en) 2003-09-30 2003-09-30 Weight member for a golf club head

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10/673,418 US20050070371A1 (en) 2003-09-30 2003-09-30 Weight member for a golf club head
US11/150,177 US20050227781A1 (en) 2003-09-30 2005-06-13 Weight member for a golf club head

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11/150,177 Continuation-In-Part US20050227781A1 (en) 2003-09-30 2005-06-13 Weight member for a golf club head

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US20050070371A1 true US20050070371A1 (en) 2005-03-31

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Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20120196703A1 (en) * 2011-01-27 2012-08-02 Nike, Inc. Iron-Type Golf Club Head Or Other Ball Striking Device
US8911302B1 (en) * 2012-10-29 2014-12-16 Callaway Golf Company Iron-type golf club head
US9089747B2 (en) 2010-11-30 2015-07-28 Nike, Inc. Golf club heads or other ball striking devices having distributed impact response
US9101808B2 (en) 2011-01-27 2015-08-11 Nike, Inc. Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features
US9149693B2 (en) 2009-01-20 2015-10-06 Nike, Inc. Golf club and golf club head structures
US9168435B1 (en) 2014-06-20 2015-10-27 Nike, Inc. Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features
US9186546B2 (en) 2011-04-28 2015-11-17 Nike, Inc. Golf clubs and golf club heads
US9192831B2 (en) 2009-01-20 2015-11-24 Nike, Inc. Golf club and golf club head structures
US9278265B2 (en) 2009-07-24 2016-03-08 Nike, Inc. Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features
US9375624B2 (en) 2011-04-28 2016-06-28 Nike, Inc. Golf clubs and golf club heads
US9403069B2 (en) 2012-05-31 2016-08-02 Nike, Inc. Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features
US9409076B2 (en) 2011-04-28 2016-08-09 Nike, Inc. Golf clubs and golf club heads
US9409073B2 (en) 2011-04-28 2016-08-09 Nike, Inc. Golf clubs and golf club heads
US9433844B2 (en) 2011-04-28 2016-09-06 Nike, Inc. Golf clubs and golf club heads
US9433834B2 (en) 2009-01-20 2016-09-06 Nike, Inc. Golf club and golf club head structures
US9433845B2 (en) 2011-04-28 2016-09-06 Nike, Inc. Golf clubs and golf club heads
US9662551B2 (en) 2010-11-30 2017-05-30 Nike, Inc. Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features
US9700763B2 (en) 2010-12-28 2017-07-11 Taylor Made Golf Company, Inc. Golf club
US9707457B2 (en) 2010-12-28 2017-07-18 Taylor Made Golf Company, Inc. Golf club
US9795845B2 (en) 2009-01-20 2017-10-24 Karsten Manufacturing Corporation Golf club and golf club head structures
US9914026B2 (en) 2014-06-20 2018-03-13 Karsten Manufacturing Corporation Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features
US9925428B2 (en) 2015-05-29 2018-03-27 Karsten Manufacturing Corporation Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features
US10245474B2 (en) 2014-06-20 2019-04-02 Karsten Manufacturing Corporation Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5760317A (en) * 1995-10-27 1998-06-02 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Flow softening tungsten based composites

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5760317A (en) * 1995-10-27 1998-06-02 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Flow softening tungsten based composites

Cited By (44)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9433834B2 (en) 2009-01-20 2016-09-06 Nike, Inc. Golf club and golf club head structures
US10130854B2 (en) 2009-01-20 2018-11-20 Karsten Manufacturing Corporation Golf club and golf club head structures
US9192831B2 (en) 2009-01-20 2015-11-24 Nike, Inc. Golf club and golf club head structures
US9795845B2 (en) 2009-01-20 2017-10-24 Karsten Manufacturing Corporation Golf club and golf club head structures
US9950219B2 (en) 2009-01-20 2018-04-24 Karsten Manufacturing Corporation Golf club and golf club head structures
US9149693B2 (en) 2009-01-20 2015-10-06 Nike, Inc. Golf club and golf club head structures
US9155944B2 (en) 2009-01-20 2015-10-13 Nike, Inc. Golf club and golf club head structures
US9446294B2 (en) 2009-01-20 2016-09-20 Nike, Inc. Golf club and golf club head structures
US9278265B2 (en) 2009-07-24 2016-03-08 Nike, Inc. Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features
US9908011B2 (en) 2010-11-30 2018-03-06 Nike, Inc. Golf club heads or other ball striking devices having distributed impact response
US10071290B2 (en) 2010-11-30 2018-09-11 Nike, Inc. Golf club heads or other ball striking devices having distributed impact response
US9687705B2 (en) 2010-11-30 2017-06-27 Nike, Inc. Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features
US9662551B2 (en) 2010-11-30 2017-05-30 Nike, Inc. Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features
US9089747B2 (en) 2010-11-30 2015-07-28 Nike, Inc. Golf club heads or other ball striking devices having distributed impact response
US9914025B2 (en) 2010-11-30 2018-03-13 Nike, Inc. Golf club heads or other ball striking devices having distributed impact response
US9908012B2 (en) 2010-11-30 2018-03-06 Nike, Inc. Golf club heads or other ball striking devices having distributed impact response
US10252119B2 (en) 2010-12-28 2019-04-09 Taylor Made Golf Company, Inc. Golf club
US9700763B2 (en) 2010-12-28 2017-07-11 Taylor Made Golf Company, Inc. Golf club
US9707457B2 (en) 2010-12-28 2017-07-18 Taylor Made Golf Company, Inc. Golf club
US20120196703A1 (en) * 2011-01-27 2012-08-02 Nike, Inc. Iron-Type Golf Club Head Or Other Ball Striking Device
US9694255B2 (en) 2011-01-27 2017-07-04 Nike, Inc. Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features
US9101808B2 (en) 2011-01-27 2015-08-11 Nike, Inc. Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features
US10004953B2 (en) 2011-01-27 2018-06-26 Nike, Inc. Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features
US9108090B2 (en) 2011-01-27 2015-08-18 Nike, Inc. Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features
US9375624B2 (en) 2011-04-28 2016-06-28 Nike, Inc. Golf clubs and golf club heads
US9409076B2 (en) 2011-04-28 2016-08-09 Nike, Inc. Golf clubs and golf club heads
US9433845B2 (en) 2011-04-28 2016-09-06 Nike, Inc. Golf clubs and golf club heads
US9186546B2 (en) 2011-04-28 2015-11-17 Nike, Inc. Golf clubs and golf club heads
US9409073B2 (en) 2011-04-28 2016-08-09 Nike, Inc. Golf clubs and golf club heads
US9186547B2 (en) 2011-04-28 2015-11-17 Nike, Inc. Golf clubs and golf club heads
US9433844B2 (en) 2011-04-28 2016-09-06 Nike, Inc. Golf clubs and golf club heads
US9403069B2 (en) 2012-05-31 2016-08-02 Nike, Inc. Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features
US9770632B2 (en) 2012-05-31 2017-09-26 Nike, Inc. Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features
US8911302B1 (en) * 2012-10-29 2014-12-16 Callaway Golf Company Iron-type golf club head
US9789371B2 (en) 2014-06-20 2017-10-17 Karsten Manufacturing Corporation Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features
US9914026B2 (en) 2014-06-20 2018-03-13 Karsten Manufacturing Corporation Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features
US9168435B1 (en) 2014-06-20 2015-10-27 Nike, Inc. Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features
US9776050B2 (en) 2014-06-20 2017-10-03 Karsten Manufacturing Corporation Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features
US9643064B2 (en) 2014-06-20 2017-05-09 Nike, Inc. Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features
US9616299B2 (en) 2014-06-20 2017-04-11 Nike, Inc. Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features
US9610480B2 (en) 2014-06-20 2017-04-04 Nike, Inc. Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features
US9889346B2 (en) 2014-06-20 2018-02-13 Karsten Manufacturing Corporation Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features
US10245474B2 (en) 2014-06-20 2019-04-02 Karsten Manufacturing Corporation Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features
US9925428B2 (en) 2015-05-29 2018-03-27 Karsten Manufacturing Corporation Golf club head or other ball striking device having impact-influencing body features

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AS Assignment

Owner name: FU SHENG INDUSTRIAL CO., LTD., TAIWAN

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:CHEN, CHAN-TUNG;HUANG, CHUN-YUNG;REEL/FRAME:014562/0967

Effective date: 20030916

STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION