US20040199495A1 - Name browsing systems and methods - Google Patents

Name browsing systems and methods Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20040199495A1
US20040199495A1 US10/610,799 US61079903A US2004199495A1 US 20040199495 A1 US20040199495 A1 US 20040199495A1 US 61079903 A US61079903 A US 61079903A US 2004199495 A1 US2004199495 A1 US 2004199495A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
documents
proper
group
proper names
document
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10/610,799
Inventor
Sean Colbath
Sean Boisen
Scott Shepard
Susan Nielsen
Andrew Wilson
Francis Kubala
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Raytheon BBN Technologies Corp
Original Assignee
Raytheon BBN Technologies Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US39406402P priority Critical
Priority to US39408202P priority
Priority to US41921402P priority
Application filed by Raytheon BBN Technologies Corp filed Critical Raytheon BBN Technologies Corp
Priority to US10/610,799 priority patent/US20040199495A1/en
Assigned to FLEET NATIONAL BANK, AS AGENT reassignment FLEET NATIONAL BANK, AS AGENT PATENT & TRADEMARK SECURITY AGREEMENT Assignors: BBNT SOLUTIONS LLC
Publication of US20040199495A1 publication Critical patent/US20040199495A1/en
Assigned to BBNT SOLUTIONS LLC reassignment BBNT SOLUTIONS LLC ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: KUBALA, FRANCIS G., COLBATH, SEAN, SHEPARD, SCOTT, NIELSEN, SUSAN S., BOISEN, SEAN, WILSON, ANDREW
Assigned to BBN TECHNOLOGIES CORP. reassignment BBN TECHNOLOGIES CORP. MERGER (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: BBNT SOLUTIONS LLC
Assigned to BBN TECHNOLOGIES CORP. (AS SUCCESSOR BY MERGER TO BBNT SOLUTIONS LLC) reassignment BBN TECHNOLOGIES CORP. (AS SUCCESSOR BY MERGER TO BBNT SOLUTIONS LLC) RELEASE OF SECURITY INTEREST Assignors: BANK OF AMERICA, N.A. (SUCCESSOR BY MERGER TO FLEET NATIONAL BANK)
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10LSPEECH ANALYSIS OR SYNTHESIS; SPEECH RECOGNITION; SPEECH OR VOICE PROCESSING; SPEECH OR AUDIO CODING OR DECODING
    • G10L25/00Speech or voice analysis techniques not restricted to a single one of groups G10L15/00-G10L21/00
    • G10L25/78Detection of presence or absence of voice signals
    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10LSPEECH ANALYSIS OR SYNTHESIS; SPEECH RECOGNITION; SPEECH OR VOICE PROCESSING; SPEECH OR AUDIO CODING OR DECODING
    • G10L15/00Speech recognition
    • G10L15/26Speech to text systems
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M2201/00Electronic components, circuits, software, systems or apparatus used in telephone systems
    • H04M2201/42Graphical user interfaces
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M2201/00Electronic components, circuits, software, systems or apparatus used in telephone systems
    • H04M2201/60Medium conversion
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M2203/00Aspects of automatic or semi-automatic exchanges
    • H04M2203/30Aspects of automatic or semi-automatic exchanges related to audio recordings in general
    • H04M2203/305Recording playback features, e.g. increased speed
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S707/00Data processing: database and file management or data structures
    • Y10S707/99941Database schema or data structure
    • Y10S707/99943Generating database or data structure, e.g. via user interface

Abstract

A system provides document browsing by proper name. The system identifies a subset of documents from a set of documents (310). The documents in the subset of documents include proper names. The system receives a selection of at least one of the proper names from the subset of documents (330) and searches the subset of documents to identify one or more of the documents in the subset of documents that include at least one occurrence of the selected proper name(s) (360). The system then presents the one or more of the documents as a result of the search (370).

Description

    RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • This application claims priority under 35 U.S.C. §119 based on U.S. Provisional Application Nos. 60/394,064 and 60/394,082, filed Jul. 3, 2002 and Provisional Application No. 60/419,214, filed Oct. 17, 2002, the disclosures of which are incorporated herein by reference.[0001]
  • GOVERNMENT CONTRACT
  • [0002] The U.S. Government may have a paid-up license in this invention and the right in limited circumstances to require the patent owner to license others on reasonable terms as provided for by the terms of Contract No. N66001-00-C-8008, awarded by Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • 1. Field of the Invention [0003]
  • The present invention relates generally to multimedia environments and, more particularly, to systems and methods for browsing multimedia information by name. [0004]
  • 2. Description of Related Art [0005]
  • Much of the information that exists today is not easily manageable. For example, databases exist for storing different types of multimedia information. Typically, these databases treat audio and video differently from text. Audio and video data are usually assigned text annotations to facilitate their later retrieval. Traditionally, the audio and video data are assigned the text annotations manually, which is a time-consuming task. The annotations also tend to be insufficient to unambiguously describe the media content. [0006]
  • A common problem confronting a user of these large databases of multimedia documents is that it is difficult to find pertinent information about people, places, and organizations, or the relationships between such people, places, and organizations, both across media and across languages. Traditional query approaches frequently generate too many hits or too many inaccurate matches. [0007]
  • As a result, there is a need for systems and methods that permit users to easily browse a collection of documents for names of people, places, and organizations. [0008]
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • Systems and methods consistent with the present invention address this and other needs by permitting users to browse and query groups of documents by proper name. Using such systems and methods, a user may select a document from a collection of documents and have all of the proper names highlighted in some manner. The user may then select one of the proper names and be presented with all of the documents (or sections or passages) that mention that name. [0009]
  • In one aspect consistent with the principles of the invention, a system that permits document browsing by proper name is provided. The system identifies a subset of documents from a set of documents. The documents in the subset of documents include proper names. The system receives a selection of at least one of the proper names from the subset of documents and searches the subset of documents to identify one or more of the documents in the subset of documents that include at least one occurrence of the selected proper name(s). The system then presents the one or more of the documents as a result of the search. [0010]
  • In another aspect consistent with the present invention, a name browsing system that includes a database and a server is provided. The database stores multimedia documents that include occurrences of proper names. The server identifies a group of the documents in the database, receives a selection of one of the proper names from within a document in the group of documents, and uses the selected proper name to query the group of documents and identify one or more of the documents in the group of documents that include at least one occurrence of the selected proper name. The server then provides text from the one or more documents with the selected proper name visually distinguished. [0011]
  • In a further aspect consistent with the present invention, a method for providing browsing by proper name is provided. The method includes identifying a group of documents that includes multimedia documents containing a plurality of proper names; presenting text corresponding to the multimedia documents with the proper names visually distinguished; receiving a selection of one or more of the proper names; identifying variations of the one or more selected proper names and/or translations of the one or more selected proper names; querying the group of documents to identify one or more of the documents that contain one or more occurrences of the one or more selected proper names, the variations of the one or more selected proper names, or the translations of the one or more selected proper names; and providing the one or more identified documents as a result of the querying.[0012]
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate the invention and, together with the description, explain the invention. In the drawings, [0013]
  • FIG. 1 is a diagram of a system in which systems and methods consistent with the present invention may be implemented; [0014]
  • FIG. 2 is an exemplary diagram of a portion of the database of FIG. 1 according to an implementation consistent with the principles of the invention; [0015]
  • FIG. 3 is a flowchart of exemplary processing for name browsing according to an implementation consistent with the principles of the invention; [0016]
  • FIG. 4 is an exemplary diagram of a user interface that may be presented to a user in response to a search query; [0017]
  • FIG. 5 is an exemplary diagram of the user interface of FIG. 4 when presenting a document with the proper names visually distinguished; [0018]
  • FIG. 6 is an exemplary diagram of the user interface of FIG. 4 when presenting resulting documents to the user; and [0019]
  • FIG. 7 is an exemplary diagram of a histogram table that may be presented to the user according to an implementation consistent with the principles of the invention. [0020]
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • The following detailed description of the invention refers to the accompanying drawings. The same reference numbers in different drawings may identify the same or similar elements. Also, the following detailed description does not limit the invention. Instead, the scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents. [0021]
  • Systems and methods consistent with the present invention may facilitate the browsing and querying of groups of documents by proper name. Using such systems and methods, a user may follow thematic threads through documents of a database. These threads may include links by proper name. [0022]
  • Exemplary System [0023]
  • FIG. 1 is a diagram of an exemplary system [0024] 100 in which systems and methods consistent with the present invention may be implemented. System 100 may include multimedia (MM) sources 110, indexing system 120, database 130, and server 140 connected to clients 150 via network 160. Network 160 may include any type of network, such as a local area network (LAN), a wide area network (WAN) (e.g., the Internet), a public telephone network (e.g., the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN)), a virtual private network (VPN), or a combination of networks. The various connections shown in FIG. 1 may be made via wired, wireless, and/or optical connections.
  • Multimedia sources [0025] 110 may include audio, video, and text sources. The audio sources may include any source of audio data, such as radio, telephone, and conversations. The video sources may include any source of video data, such as television, satellite, and a camcorder. The text sources may include any source of text, such as e-mail, web pages, newspapers, and word processing documents.
  • Indexing system [0026] 120 may include any mechanism that captures the data from multimedia sources 110, performs data processing and feature extraction on the data, and outputs analyzed, marked up, and enhanced language metadata. In one implementation consistent with the principles of the invention, indexing system 120 includes mechanisms, such as the ones described in John Makhoul et al., “Speech and Language Technologies for Audio Indexing and Retrieval,” Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 88, No. 8, August 2000, pp. 1338-1353, which is incorporated herein by reference.
  • In one implementation consistent with the principles of the invention, indexing system [0027] 120 may include audio, video, and text analyzers. The audio analyzer may receive an input audio stream or file from one or more audio sources and generate metadata therefrom. For example, the audio analyzer may segment the input stream/file by speaker, cluster audio segments from the same speaker, identify speakers known to the audio analyzer, and transcribe the spoken words. The audio analyzer may also segment the input stream/file based on topic and locate the names of people, places, and organizations (i.e., named entities). The audio analyzer may further analyze the input stream/file to identify the time at which each word is spoken. The audio analyzer may include any or all of this information in the metadata relating to the input audio stream/file.
  • The video analyzer may receive an input video stream or file from one or more video sources and generate metadata therefrom. For example, the video analyzer may segment the input stream/file by speaker, cluster video segments from the same speaker, identify speakers known to the video analyzer, and transcribe the spoken words. The video analyzer may also segment the input stream/file based on topic and locate the names of people, places, and organizations. The video analyzer may further analyze the input stream/file to identify the time at which each word is spoken. The video analyzer may include any or all of this information in the metadata relating to the input video stream/file. [0028]
  • The text analyzer may receive an input text stream or file from one or more text sources and generate metadata therefrom. For example, the text analyzer may segment the input stream/file based on topic and locate the names of people, places, and organizations. The text analyzer may further analyze the input stream/file to identify where each word occurs (possibly based on a character offset within the text). The text analyzer may also identify the author and/or publisher of the text. The text analyzer may include any or all of this information in the metadata relating to the input text stream/file. [0029]
  • As mentioned above, the audio, video, and text analyzers of indexing system [0030] 120 may locate proper names within input streams or files. The proper names may include the names of people, places, and organizations. In one implementation consistent with the present invention, the audio, video, and text analyzers use techniques similar to the ones described in D. Bikel et al., “An Algorithm that Learns What's in a Name,” Machine Learning, Vol. 34, 1999, pp. 211-231, which is incorporated herein by reference, to locate proper names within an audio, video, and/or text stream or file.
  • Server [0031] 140 may include a computer (e.g., a processor executing instructions from a memory) or another device that is capable of managing database 130 and servicing client requests for information. Server 140 may provide requested information to a client 150, possibly in the form of a HyperText Markup Language (HTML) document or a web page. Client 150 may include a personal computer, a laptop, a personal digital assistant, or another type of device that is capable of interacting with server 140 to obtain information of interest. Client 150 may present the information to a user via a graphical user interface, possibly within a web browser window.
  • Exemplary Database [0032]
  • Database [0033] 130 may include a relational database that includes multiple, possibly interrelated, tables. FIG. 2 is an exemplary diagram of a portion of database 130 according to an implementation consistent with the principles of the invention. In the portion of database 130 shown in FIG. 2, database 130 includes a document table 210, a section table 220, a passage table 230, a full text table 240, topic labels table 250, named entity table 260, alias table 270, and translingual table 280. Before describing what is actually stored in these tables, it may be useful to define what is meant by document, section, and passage.
  • A document refers to a body of media that is contiguous in time (from beginning to end or from time A to time B) which has been processed and from which features have been extracted by indexing system [0034] 120. Examples of documents might include a radio broadcast, such as NPR Morning Edition on Feb. 7, 2002, at 6:00 a.m. eastern, a television broadcast, such as NBC News on Mar. 19, 2002, at 6:00 p.m. eastern, and a newspaper, such as the Washington Post for Jan. 15, 2002.
  • A section refers to a contiguous region of a document that pertains to a particular theme or topic. Examples of sections might include local news, sports scores, and weather reports. Sections do not span documents, but are wholly contained within them. A document may have areas that do not have an assigned section. It is also possible for a document to have no sections. [0035]
  • A passage refers to a contiguous region within a section that has a certain linguistic or structural property. For example, a passage may refer to a paragraph within a text document or a speaker boundary within an audio or video document. Passages do not span sections, but are wholly contained within them. A section may have areas that do not have an assigned passage. It is also possible for a section to have no passages. [0036]
  • Documents, sections, and passages may be considered to form a hierarchy because a document may have zero or more sections and a section may have zero or more passages. [0037]
  • Document table [0038] 210, section table 220, and passage table 230 may include a set of keys that are common to all types of media, such as a document key, a section key, and a passage key. A key in a relational database is a field or a combination of fields in a table that uniquely identify a record in the table or reference a record in another table. There are typically two types of keys: a primary key and a foreign key. A primary key uniquely identifies a record within a table. In other words, each record in a table is uniquely identified by one or more fields making up its primary key. A foreign key is a field or a combination of fields in one table whose values match those of a primary key of another table.
  • The document key may include a field that uniquely identifies a document. The section key may include a field that uniquely identifies a section within a particular document. The passage key may include a field that uniquely identifies a passage within a particular section. By combining the keys, any passage or section of a document may be uniquely identified based on the location of the passage or section within the document. For example, using a document key, section key, and passage key to uniquely identify a passage, it is easy to determine the section (using the section key) and document (using the document key) in which the passage is located. This relationship flows in both directions. [0039]
  • Document table [0040] 210 may store information regarding multiple documents. Document table 210 may include one record per document, where each record may include a document key and miscellaneous other fields. The miscellaneous other fields may include fields relating to the time the document was created, the source of the document, a title of the document, the time the document started, the duration of the document, the region, subregion, and country in which the document originated, and/or the language in which the document was created.
  • Section table [0041] 220 may store information regarding multiple sections. Section table 220 may include one record per section, where each record may include a document key, a section key, and miscellaneous other fields. The miscellaneous other fields may include fields relating to the start time of the section, the duration of the section, and/or the language in which the section was created. Passage table 230 may store information regarding multiple passages. Passage table 230 may include one record per passage, where each record may include a document key, a section key, a passage key, and miscellaneous other fields. The miscellaneous other fields may include fields relating to the start time of the passage, the duration of the passage, the name of a speaker in the passage, the gender of a speaker in the passage, and/or the language in which the passage was created.
  • Full text table [0042] 240 may store text from a section and/or document. Full text table 240 may include one record per section and/or document, where each record may include a document key, a section key, and miscellaneous other fields. The miscellaneous other fields may include the full text (including a transcription when the document is an audio or video document) of the document identified by the document key. Topic labels table 250 may store topics relating to a section and/or document. Topic labels table 250 may include one record per section and/or document, where each record may include a document key, a section key, a topic key, and miscellaneous other fields. The miscellaneous other fields may include topics, ranks, and scores relating to the section identified by the section key and/or the document identified by the document key.
  • Named entity table [0043] 260 may store data relating to proper names that appear in passages, sections, and/or documents. Named entity table 260 may include one record per proper name occurrence (i.e., a proper name may occur multiple times within named entity table 260, such as once for each mention of the proper name within the passage, section, and/or document). Each record within named entity table 260 may include a document key, a section key, a passage key, a named entity key, and miscellaneous other fields. The named entity key may include a proper name that refers to a person, place, or organization within the passage identified by the passage key, the section identified by the section key, and/or the document identified by the document key. The miscellaneous other fields may include the type of proper name (e.g., person, place, or organization).
  • Alias table [0044] 270 may store data relating to coreferences (or aliases) for proper names included in named entity table 260. Alias table 270 may include one record per proper name, where each record may include a named entity key and one or more alias fields. The alias fields may store coreferences (or aliases) relating to the proper name identified by the named entity key. A coreference for a proper name is another way to refer to the person, place, or organization corresponding to the proper name. For example, there are multiple ways to identify the current President of the United States: George Walker Bush, George W. Bush, George Bush, Bush, President Bush, and The President. In some cases, a coreference may include a different manner of spelling a proper name. For example, the proper name “Yasser Arafat” is sometimes spelled as Yaser Arafat, Yassir Arafat, and Yasir Arafat.
  • Translingual table [0045] 280 may store data relating to translations of proper names included in named entity table 260 and/or alias table 270. Translingual table 280 may include one record per proper name and/or coreference, where each record may include a named entity key and one or more translation fields. The translation fields may store translations of the proper name identified by the named entity key in multiple languages. It is useful to note that proper names can be translated nearly perfectly across languages.
  • Exemplary Processing [0046]
  • FIG. 3 is a flowchart of exemplary processing for name browsing according to an implementation consistent with the principles of the invention. Processing may begin with a user accessing server [0047] 140 via a client 150. The user may, in some way, identify a group of documents (act 310). For example, the user may query server 140 to retrieve the group of documents. In this case, the user may input one or more search terms into client 150. Client 150 may generate a query from the search terms and send the query to server 140. Server 140 may use the query to access database 130 to retrieve documents corresponding to the search terms. Server 140 may present the documents to the user via, for example, a browser interface on client 150.
  • Alternatively, the user may identify the group of documents in other ways. For example, the user may provide the documents to server [0048] 140, such as providing links to the documents to server 140. In this case, server 140 may obtain the documents (if necessary), send the documents to indexing system 120 for processing, and return the processed documents to the user via client 150.
  • The documents in the group may include any type of document in any language. For example, the documents might include audio documents, video documents, and/or text documents. The documents might also include documents in English, Arabic, Chinese, etc. [0049]
  • In any event, server [0050] 140 may present the identified group of documents to the user via client 150 (act 320). For example, server 140 may present the documents in some order that is meaningful to the user, such as a list of documents that are sorted by their relevance to the user's search terms. Alternatively, the documents may be presented in no particular order.
  • FIG. 4 is an exemplary diagram of a user interface [0051] 400 that may be presented to a user in response to a search query. In this particular implementation, the user interface takes the form of a browser interface.
  • User interface [0052] 400 may include a search criteria section 410 relating to the search query entered by the user and the number of documents resulting from the search query. Assume that the user entered the following search terms: “Kenneth Lay” and “fifth.” Assume that server 140 uses the search terms to identify a group of 68 documents within database 130. In this case, search criteria section 410 might include the search terms “Kenneth Lay” and “fifth” and indicate that the group of documents includes 68 documents identified as a result of the search.
  • User interface [0053] 400 may present the group of documents to the user in a document list section 420. The documents may be presented in a random order or an order that is meaningful to the user or selected by the user. For example, the documents may be presented in a chronological order based on the dates on which the documents were created. The documents may be presented in order with the newer documents being presented higher in the list than older documents, or vice versa.
  • Each of the documents may have an associated icon that indicates the document's type. For example, a document icon [0054] 422 may be used to indicate that the document corresponds to a text document. A speaker icon 424 may be used to indicate that the document corresponds to an audio document. A camcorder icon 426 may be used to indicate that the document corresponds to a video document.
  • Returning to FIG. 3, the user may peruse the documents and select one or more of them (act [0055] 330). The user may use conventional techniques, such as a mouse click, to select one or more of the documents from the group. In response to the user's selection, server 140 may present the document to the user with the proper names visually distinguished in some manner (act 340). As described above, indexing system 120 may process documents to, among other things, identify the names of people, places, and organizations (i.e., proper names) within the documents. Indexing system 120 may tag, or otherwise label, words in a document that correspond to proper names. Server 140 may use these tags to visually distinguish (e.g., highlight) the proper names in a document. Server 140 may visually distinguish proper names relating to people, places, and organizations differently. For example, server 140 may use different colors to differentiate among proper names relating to people, places, and organizations.
  • FIG. 5 is an exemplary diagram of user interface [0056] 400 when presenting a document with the proper names visually distinguished. When the user selects a particular document from the list of documents, user interface 400 may present a document section 510. Document section 510 may include direction arrows 512, document type indicator 514, document descriptor 516, and document text 518.
  • Direction arrows [0057] 512 may include left and right direction arrows that can be used to cycle through occurrences of the search terms within the document in a conventional manner. Document type indicator 514 may include an identifier that indicates whether the document corresponds to a text document, an audio document, or a video document. Document descriptor 516 may include a title of the document. In the case of audio or video documents, however, document descriptor 516 may alternatively include a list of topics that relate to the documents.
  • Document text [0058] 518 may include the text of the document identified by document descriptor 516. In the case of audio or video documents, document text 518 may include a transcription of the audio or video documents. Within document text 518, the search terms may be visually distinguished (e.g., highlighted) in some manner to aid the user in determining the relevance of the document. Also within document text 518, proper names may be visually distinguished differently from the search terms to assist the user in viewing the document. Each of the proper names may also be selectable by the user.
  • Returning to FIG. 3, server [0059] 140 determines whether the user selects one of the proper names in the document (act 350). The user may use conventional techniques, such as a mouse click, to select a proper name. In response to selection of a proper name, server 140 may use the proper name as a query to search the group of documents for occurrences of the name (act 360). For example, server 140 may search for documents, within the group of documents already identified by the user, that contain one or more occurrences of the proper name. Server 140 may also locate documents that contain variations of the proper name using alias table 270 or the proper name in other languages using translingual table 280.
  • Server [0060] 140 may present the resulting documents to the user via a user interface (act 370). FIG. 6 is an exemplary diagram of user interface 400 when presenting resulting documents to the user. Assume that the user desired documents relating to the company Enron and, therefore, selected the name “Enron” in one of the documents about Kenneth Lay. In this case, search criteria section 410 may include additional information relating to the particular proper name selected by the user (e.g., “Enron”).
  • User interface [0061] 400 may also present a document table 610 to the user. Document table 610 may include a title column 612, a mentions column 614, and a date column 616. Title column 612 may include a list of titles of documents that relate to the proper name selected by the user. In the case of audio or video documents, title column 612 may alternatively include lists of topics that correspond to the audio or video documents. Mentions column 614 may include the number of times that the proper name occurs in the corresponding documents. Variations of the proper name (from alias table 270) and the proper name in different languages (from translingual table 280) may be included when calculating the number of occurrences of the proper name. Date column 616 may include the date on which the corresponding documents were created.
  • The information in document table [0062] 610 may be presented in a number of different ways, whichever is more meaningful to the user. For example, information may be sorted by title, number of mentions, and/or date. The titles may be arranged in any order (e.g., alphabetically). The number of mentions may be sorted from least-to-most number of mentions or from most-to-least number of mentions. The dates of creation may be sorted from most recent to least recent or from least recent to most recent. Alternatively, a combination of these sorting arrangements may be used.
  • Returning to FIG. 3, the user may peruse the documents and select one of them to obtain text relating to the document. In response to the user's selection, server [0063] 140 may present the document to the user in a manner similar to that described above with regard to FIG. 5. Server 140 may then determine whether the user selects one of the proper names in the document (act 380). If so, server 140 may return to act 360 to perform a query over the documents using the selected proper name.
  • At any time, the user may obtain a high level view of the proper names contained within the documents. In this case, the user may cause a histogram to be created. FIG. 7 is an exemplary diagram of a histogram table [0064] 700 that may be presented to the user according to an implementation consistent with the principles of the invention. Histogram table 700 may include a name column 710 and a number of mentions column 720. In other implementations, histogram table 700 may include additional, different, or fewer columns.
  • Name column [0065] 710 may include a list of proper names that appear in the documents. A representation of each proper name may appear once in name column 710. Variations of a proper name (from alias table 270) and the proper name in different languages (from translingual table 280) may also be represented by the representation of the proper name. Number of mentions column 720 may identify the number of times the corresponding proper names are mentioned in the documents. The number of mentions for a proper name may occur within a single document or across multiple documents.
  • The information in histogram table [0066] 700 may be presented in a number of different ways, whichever is more meaningful to the user. For example, information may be sorted by proper name and/or number of mentions. The proper names may be sorted by type (e.g., person, place, and organization) or arranged in any other order (e.g., alphabetically). The number of mentions may be sorted from least-to-most number of mentions or from most-to-least number of mentions. Alternatively, a combination of these sorting arrangements may be used.
  • Any of the proper names in table [0067] 700 may be selected and the corresponding documents presented to the user. In one implementation, the documents are presented to the user via a user interface, such as user interface 400 of FIG. 6.
  • Conclusion [0068]
  • Systems and methods consistent with the present invention provide a way for a user to follow thematic threads through documents, which, in this case, may include links by proper name. The user may start with a query over a database of documents to identify some subset of documents that relate to one or more items of interest to the user. In some implementations, the subset of documents includes the entire database of documents. The user may then select one or more proper names to determine their occurrence within the subset of documents. The user may view the documents and follow the links created through the documents by the proper name(s). [0069]
  • The foregoing description of preferred embodiments of the present invention provides illustration and description, but is not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise form disclosed. Modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teachings or may be acquired from practice of the invention. [0070]
  • For example, while server [0071] 140 has been described as performing certain functions with respect to the presentation of documents to a user, one or more of these functions may be performed by client 150 in implementations consistent with the principles of the invention.
  • Also, a series of acts has been presented with regard to FIG. 3. The order of the acts may vary in other implementations consistent with the present invention. Further, non-dependent acts may be performed in parallel. [0072]
  • No element, act, or instruction used in the description of the present application should be construed as critical or essential to the invention unless explicitly described as such. Also, as used herein, the article “a” is intended to include one or more items. Where only one item is intended, the term “one” or similar language is used. The scope of the invention is defined by the claims and their equivalents. [0073]

Claims (33)

What is claimed is:
1. A method of providing name browsing across a plurality of documents, comprising:
identifying a group of documents, documents in the group of documents including a plurality of proper names;
receiving a selection of one or more of the proper names from within at least one of the documents in the group of documents;
querying the group of documents based on the one or more of the proper names; and
presenting, to a user, one or more of the documents from the group of documents as a result of the querying.
2. The method of claim 1, wherein the proper names correspond to names of at least one of people, places, and organizations.
3. The method of claim 1, wherein the documents include at least two of audio documents, video documents, and text documents.
4. The method of claim 1, wherein the identifying a group of documents includes:
receiving one or more search terms from the user,
searching a database of documents based on the one or more search terms, and
identifying documents in the database, as the group of documents, based on a result of the searching.
5. The method of claim 1, wherein the identifying a group of documents includes:
receiving, from the user, a plurality of documents as the group of documents.
6. The method of claim 1, further comprising:
presenting the group of documents to the user;
receiving a selection of at least one document from the group of documents; and
providing the at least one document to the user with proper names visually distinguished.
7. The method of claim 6, wherein the proper names relate to names of people, places and organizations; and
wherein the providing the at least one document includes:
visually distinguishing the proper names relating to people, places, and organizations differently.
8. The method of claim 6, wherein the providing the at least one document includes:
providing text relating to the at least one document.
9. The method of claim 8, wherein the at least one document originates from one of an audio source and a video source and the text relating to the at least one document includes a transcription of one of an audio signal from the audio source and a video signal from the video source.
10. The method of claim 1, wherein the querying the group of documents includes:
identifying one or more of the documents that contain at least one occurrence of the one or more of the proper names.
11. The method of claim 1, wherein the querying the group of documents includes:
identifying one or more of the documents that contain at least one occurrence of the one or more of the proper names in a plurality of languages or variations of the one or more of the proper names.
12. The method of claim 1, further comprising:
receiving a selection of one of the one or more of the documents, as a selected document;
providing the selected document to the user with proper names visually distinguished.
13. The method of claim 12, wherein the one or more of the proper names are visually distinguished differently from other ones of the proper names in the selected document.
14. The method of claim 12, further comprising:
permitting the user to cycle through occurrences of the one or more of the proper names in the selected document.
15. The method of claim 1, further comprising:
receiving a selection of another one or more of the proper names from the one or more of the documents;
querying the group of documents based on the another one or more of the proper names; and
presenting, to the user, at least one of the documents from the group of documents as a result of the querying.
16. The method of claim 1, further comprising:
providing a histogram that includes the proper names from the group of documents and a count of a number of occurrences of each of the proper names.
17. A system for providing name browsing across a plurality of documents, comprising:
means for receiving an identification of a subset of documents from a set of documents, documents in the subset of documents including a plurality of proper names;
means for receiving a selection of at least one of the proper names, as at least one selected proper name, from the subset of documents;
means for searching the subset of documents to identify one or more of the documents in the subset of documents that include at least one occurrence of the at least one selected proper name; and
means for presenting the one or more of the documents as a result of the searching.
18. A name browsing system, comprising:
a database configured to store a plurality of multimedia documents, the documents including a plurality of proper names; and
a server connected to the database and configured to:
identify a group of the documents in the database,
receive a selection of one of the proper names, as a selected proper name, from within a document in the group of documents,
use the selected proper name to query the group of documents and identify one or more of the documents in the group of documents that include at least one occurrence of the selected proper name, and
provide text from the one or more of the documents with the selected proper name visually distinguished.
19. The system of claim 18, wherein the proper names correspond to names of at least one of people, places, and organizations.
20. The system of claim 18, wherein the documents include documents that originate from at least two of audio sources, video sources, and text sources.
21. The system of claim 18, wherein when identifying a group of the documents, the server is configured to:
receive one or more search terms from a user,
search the database based on the one or more search terms, and
identify documents in the database, as the group of documents, as a result of the searching.
22. The system of claim 18, wherein the server is further configured to:
present the group of documents to a user,
receive a selection of at least one document from the group of documents, and
provide the at least one document to the user with proper names visually distinguished.
23. The system of claim 22, wherein the proper names relate to names of people, places and organizations; and
wherein when providing the at least one document, the server is configured to:
visually distinguish the proper names relating to people, places, and organizations differently.
24. The system of claim 18, wherein when using the selected proper name to query the group of documents, the server is configured to:
identify one or more of the documents that contain at least one occurrence of the selected proper name in a plurality of languages or variations of the selected proper name.
25. The system of claim 24, wherein the database includes:
an alias table that provides variations for the proper names.
26. The system of claim 24, wherein the database includes:
a translingual table that provides translations of the proper names into a plurality of languages.
27. The system of claim 18, wherein when providing text from the one or more of the documents, the server is configured to:
visually distinguish all proper names in the one or more of the documents.
28. The system of claim 27, wherein the selected proper name is visually distinguished differently from other ones of the proper names in the one or more of the documents.
29. The system of claim 18, wherein a user is permitted to cycle through occurrences of the selected proper name in the one or more of the documents.
30. The system of claim 18, wherein the server is further configured to:
receive a selection of another one of the proper names, as another selected proper name, from the one or more of the documents,
query the group of documents based on the another selected proper name, and
present at least one of the documents from the group of documents as a result of the querying.
31. The system of claim 18, wherein the server is further configured to:
provide a histogram that includes the proper names from the group of documents and a count of a number of occurrences of each of the proper names.
32. The system of claim 18, wherein the documents include audio documents; and
wherein the system further comprises:
an indexing system configured to:
generate transcriptions of the audio documents, and
locate proper names in the transcriptions of the audio documents.
33. A method for providing browsing by proper name across a plurality of documents, comprising:
identifying a group of documents that includes multimedia documents containing a plurality of proper names;
presenting text corresponding to the multimedia documents with the proper names visually distinguished;
receiving a selection of one or more of the proper names, as one or more selected proper names;
identifying at least one of variations of the one or more selected proper names and translations of the one or more selected proper names;
querying the group of documents to identify one or more of the documents, as one or more identified documents, that contain one or more occurrences of the one or more selected proper names, the variations of the one or more selected proper names, or the translations of the one or more selected proper names; and
providing the one or more identified documents as a result of the querying.
US10/610,799 2002-07-03 2003-07-02 Name browsing systems and methods Abandoned US20040199495A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US39406402P true 2002-07-03 2002-07-03
US39408202P true 2002-07-03 2002-07-03
US41921402P true 2002-10-17 2002-10-17
US10/610,799 US20040199495A1 (en) 2002-07-03 2003-07-02 Name browsing systems and methods

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10/610,799 US20040199495A1 (en) 2002-07-03 2003-07-02 Name browsing systems and methods

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20040199495A1 true US20040199495A1 (en) 2004-10-07

Family

ID=30003990

Family Applications (11)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/610,697 Active - Reinstated 2024-02-22 US7290207B2 (en) 2002-07-03 2003-07-02 Systems and methods for providing multimedia information management
US10/610,574 Abandoned US20040006748A1 (en) 2002-07-03 2003-07-02 Systems and methods for providing online event tracking
US10/610,684 Abandoned US20040024582A1 (en) 2002-07-03 2003-07-02 Systems and methods for aiding human translation
US10/610,532 Abandoned US20040006481A1 (en) 2002-07-03 2003-07-02 Fast transcription of speech
US10/610,533 Expired - Fee Related US7801838B2 (en) 2002-07-03 2003-07-02 Multimedia recognition system comprising a plurality of indexers configured to receive and analyze multimedia data based on training data and user augmentation relating to one or more of a plurality of generated documents
US10/611,106 Active 2026-04-11 US7337115B2 (en) 2002-07-03 2003-07-02 Systems and methods for providing acoustic classification
US10/610,679 Abandoned US20040024598A1 (en) 2002-07-03 2003-07-02 Thematic segmentation of speech
US10/610,699 Abandoned US20040117188A1 (en) 2002-07-03 2003-07-02 Speech based personal information manager
US10/610,799 Abandoned US20040199495A1 (en) 2002-07-03 2003-07-02 Name browsing systems and methods
US10/610,696 Abandoned US20040024585A1 (en) 2002-07-03 2003-07-02 Linguistic segmentation of speech
US12/806,465 Active - Reinstated US8001066B2 (en) 2002-07-03 2010-08-13 Systems and methods for improving recognition results via user-augmentation of a database

Family Applications Before (8)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/610,697 Active - Reinstated 2024-02-22 US7290207B2 (en) 2002-07-03 2003-07-02 Systems and methods for providing multimedia information management
US10/610,574 Abandoned US20040006748A1 (en) 2002-07-03 2003-07-02 Systems and methods for providing online event tracking
US10/610,684 Abandoned US20040024582A1 (en) 2002-07-03 2003-07-02 Systems and methods for aiding human translation
US10/610,532 Abandoned US20040006481A1 (en) 2002-07-03 2003-07-02 Fast transcription of speech
US10/610,533 Expired - Fee Related US7801838B2 (en) 2002-07-03 2003-07-02 Multimedia recognition system comprising a plurality of indexers configured to receive and analyze multimedia data based on training data and user augmentation relating to one or more of a plurality of generated documents
US10/611,106 Active 2026-04-11 US7337115B2 (en) 2002-07-03 2003-07-02 Systems and methods for providing acoustic classification
US10/610,679 Abandoned US20040024598A1 (en) 2002-07-03 2003-07-02 Thematic segmentation of speech
US10/610,699 Abandoned US20040117188A1 (en) 2002-07-03 2003-07-02 Speech based personal information manager

Family Applications After (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/610,696 Abandoned US20040024585A1 (en) 2002-07-03 2003-07-02 Linguistic segmentation of speech
US12/806,465 Active - Reinstated US8001066B2 (en) 2002-07-03 2010-08-13 Systems and methods for improving recognition results via user-augmentation of a database

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (11) US7290207B2 (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2004092880A2 (en) * 2003-04-08 2004-10-28 United Parcel Service Of America, Inc. Inbound package tracking systems and methods
US20050010231A1 (en) * 2003-06-20 2005-01-13 Myers Thomas H. Method and apparatus for strengthening the biomechanical properties of implants
US20050021533A1 (en) * 2003-07-24 2005-01-27 International Business Machines Corporation Data abstraction layer for a database
US20070276881A1 (en) * 2006-05-26 2007-11-29 Daniel Frederick Gruhl System and method for creation, representation, and delivery of document corpus entity co-occurrence information
US20070276830A1 (en) * 2006-05-26 2007-11-29 Daniel Frederick Gruhl System and method for creation, representation, and delivery of document corpus entity co-occurrence information
US20080201318A1 (en) * 2006-05-02 2008-08-21 Lit Group, Inc. Method and system for retrieving network documents
US20130060808A1 (en) * 2009-05-27 2013-03-07 International Business Machines Corporation Document processing method and system
US20150052437A1 (en) * 2012-03-28 2015-02-19 Terry Crawford Method and system for providing segment-based viewing of recorded sessions

Families Citing this family (182)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7349477B2 (en) * 2002-07-10 2008-03-25 Mitsubishi Electric Research Laboratories, Inc. Audio-assisted video segmentation and summarization
US7487094B1 (en) * 2003-06-20 2009-02-03 Utopy, Inc. System and method of call classification with context modeling based on composite words
US8229744B2 (en) * 2003-08-26 2012-07-24 Nuance Communications, Inc. Class detection scheme and time mediated averaging of class dependent models
US20060212830A1 (en) * 2003-09-09 2006-09-21 Fogg Brian J Graphical messaging system
US8046814B1 (en) * 2003-10-22 2011-10-25 The Weather Channel, Inc. Systems and methods for formulating and delivering video having perishable information
GB2409087A (en) * 2003-12-12 2005-06-15 Ibm Computer generated prompting
US7496500B2 (en) * 2004-03-01 2009-02-24 Microsoft Corporation Systems and methods that determine intent of data and respond to the data based on the intent
US8266313B2 (en) * 2004-03-19 2012-09-11 Media Captioning Services, Inc. Live media subscription framework for mobile devices
US7421477B2 (en) * 2004-03-19 2008-09-02 Media Captioning Services Real-time media captioning subscription framework for mobile devices
US8014765B2 (en) * 2004-03-19 2011-09-06 Media Captioning Services Real-time captioning framework for mobile devices
US7844684B2 (en) * 2004-03-19 2010-11-30 Media Captioning Services, Inc. Live media captioning subscription framework for mobile devices
US20050209849A1 (en) * 2004-03-22 2005-09-22 Sony Corporation And Sony Electronics Inc. System and method for automatically cataloguing data by utilizing speech recognition procedures
US7363279B2 (en) 2004-04-29 2008-04-22 Microsoft Corporation Method and system for calculating importance of a block within a display page
US20070225614A1 (en) * 2004-05-26 2007-09-27 Endothelix, Inc. Method and apparatus for determining vascular health conditions
US8838452B2 (en) * 2004-06-09 2014-09-16 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Effective audio segmentation and classification
US8036893B2 (en) * 2004-07-22 2011-10-11 Nuance Communications, Inc. Method and system for identifying and correcting accent-induced speech recognition difficulties
US7631336B2 (en) 2004-07-30 2009-12-08 Broadband Itv, Inc. Method for converting, navigating and displaying video content uploaded from the internet to a digital TV video-on-demand platform
US7590997B2 (en) 2004-07-30 2009-09-15 Broadband Itv, Inc. System and method for managing, converting and displaying video content on a video-on-demand platform, including ads used for drill-down navigation and consumer-generated classified ads
US9635429B2 (en) 2004-07-30 2017-04-25 Broadband Itv, Inc. Dynamic adjustment of electronic program guide displays based on viewer preferences for minimizing navigation in VOD program selection
US9344765B2 (en) 2004-07-30 2016-05-17 Broadband Itv, Inc. Dynamic adjustment of electronic program guide displays based on viewer preferences for minimizing navigation in VOD program selection
US9584868B2 (en) 2004-07-30 2017-02-28 Broadband Itv, Inc. Dynamic adjustment of electronic program guide displays based on viewer preferences for minimizing navigation in VOD program selection
US7529765B2 (en) * 2004-11-23 2009-05-05 Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated Methods, apparatus, and program products for performing incremental probabilistic latent semantic analysis
CA2609247C (en) * 2005-05-24 2015-10-13 Loquendo S.P.A. Automatic text-independent, language-independent speaker voice-print creation and speaker recognition
US7769579B2 (en) 2005-05-31 2010-08-03 Google Inc. Learning facts from semi-structured text
TWI270052B (en) * 2005-08-09 2007-01-01 Delta Electronics Inc System for selecting audio content by using speech recognition and method therefor
EP1922720B1 (en) 2005-08-26 2017-06-21 Nuance Communications Austria GmbH System and method for synchronizing sound and manually transcribed text
GB2430073A (en) * 2005-09-08 2007-03-14 Univ East Anglia Analysis and transcription of music
US20070061703A1 (en) * 2005-09-12 2007-03-15 International Business Machines Corporation Method and apparatus for annotating a document
US20070078644A1 (en) * 2005-09-30 2007-04-05 Microsoft Corporation Detecting segmentation errors in an annotated corpus
ZA200803018B (en) * 2005-10-12 2009-07-29 Thomson Licensing Region of interest H.264 scalable video coding
US20070094023A1 (en) * 2005-10-21 2007-04-26 Callminer, Inc. Method and apparatus for processing heterogeneous units of work
JP4432877B2 (en) * 2005-11-08 2010-03-17 ソニー株式会社 Information processing system, information processing method, information processing apparatus, program, and recording medium
US8019752B2 (en) * 2005-11-10 2011-09-13 Endeca Technologies, Inc. System and method for information retrieval from object collections with complex interrelationships
US20070150540A1 (en) * 2005-12-27 2007-06-28 Microsoft Corporation Presence and peer launch pad
TW200731113A (en) * 2006-02-09 2007-08-16 Benq Corp Method for utilizing a media adapter for controlling a display device to display information of multimedia data corresponding to an authority datum
US20080027330A1 (en) * 2006-05-15 2008-01-31 Endothelix, Inc. Risk assessment method for acute cardiovascular events
US20070225606A1 (en) * 2006-03-22 2007-09-27 Endothelix, Inc. Method and apparatus for comprehensive assessment of vascular health
US20070225973A1 (en) * 2006-03-23 2007-09-27 Childress Rhonda L Collective Audio Chunk Processing for Streaming Translated Multi-Speaker Conversations
US7752031B2 (en) * 2006-03-23 2010-07-06 International Business Machines Corporation Cadence management of translated multi-speaker conversations using pause marker relationship models
US8301448B2 (en) * 2006-03-29 2012-10-30 Nuance Communications, Inc. System and method for applying dynamic contextual grammars and language models to improve automatic speech recognition accuracy
US8219543B2 (en) 2006-06-12 2012-07-10 Etrial Communications, Inc. Electronic documentation
US10339208B2 (en) 2006-06-12 2019-07-02 Brief-Lynx, Inc. Electronic documentation
US7504969B2 (en) * 2006-07-11 2009-03-17 Data Domain, Inc. Locality-based stream segmentation for data deduplication
US7620551B2 (en) * 2006-07-20 2009-11-17 Mspot, Inc. Method and apparatus for providing search capability and targeted advertising for audio, image, and video content over the internet
US20080081963A1 (en) * 2006-09-29 2008-04-03 Endothelix, Inc. Methods and Apparatus for Profiling Cardiovascular Vulnerability to Mental Stress
US8122026B1 (en) * 2006-10-20 2012-02-21 Google Inc. Finding and disambiguating references to entities on web pages
DE102006057159A1 (en) * 2006-12-01 2008-06-05 Deutsche Telekom Ag Method for classifying spoken language in speech dialogue systems
JP4827721B2 (en) * 2006-12-26 2011-11-30 ニュアンス コミュニケーションズ,インコーポレイテッド Utterance division method, apparatus and program
TW200841189A (en) * 2006-12-27 2008-10-16 Ibm Technique for accurately detecting system failure
US20080172219A1 (en) * 2007-01-17 2008-07-17 Novell, Inc. Foreign language translator in a document editor
US8285697B1 (en) 2007-01-23 2012-10-09 Google Inc. Feedback enhanced attribute extraction
US20080177536A1 (en) * 2007-01-24 2008-07-24 Microsoft Corporation A/v content editing
US20080215318A1 (en) * 2007-03-01 2008-09-04 Microsoft Corporation Event recognition
US8949130B2 (en) 2007-03-07 2015-02-03 Vlingo Corporation Internal and external speech recognition use with a mobile communication facility
US20080221884A1 (en) * 2007-03-07 2008-09-11 Cerra Joseph P Mobile environment speech processing facility
US20110054896A1 (en) * 2007-03-07 2011-03-03 Phillips Michael S Sending a communications header with voice recording to send metadata for use in speech recognition and formatting in mobile dictation application
US8949266B2 (en) 2007-03-07 2015-02-03 Vlingo Corporation Multiple web-based content category searching in mobile search application
US20090030691A1 (en) * 2007-03-07 2009-01-29 Cerra Joseph P Using an unstructured language model associated with an application of a mobile communication facility
US20090030688A1 (en) * 2007-03-07 2009-01-29 Cerra Joseph P Tagging speech recognition results based on an unstructured language model for use in a mobile communication facility application
US8886540B2 (en) 2007-03-07 2014-11-11 Vlingo Corporation Using speech recognition results based on an unstructured language model in a mobile communication facility application
US20090030685A1 (en) * 2007-03-07 2009-01-29 Cerra Joseph P Using speech recognition results based on an unstructured language model with a navigation system
US10056077B2 (en) * 2007-03-07 2018-08-21 Nuance Communications, Inc. Using speech recognition results based on an unstructured language model with a music system
US20080221899A1 (en) * 2007-03-07 2008-09-11 Cerra Joseph P Mobile messaging environment speech processing facility
US20110054897A1 (en) * 2007-03-07 2011-03-03 Phillips Michael S Transmitting signal quality information in mobile dictation application
US20110054898A1 (en) * 2007-03-07 2011-03-03 Phillips Michael S Multiple web-based content search user interface in mobile search application
US20090030697A1 (en) * 2007-03-07 2009-01-29 Cerra Joseph P Using contextual information for delivering results generated from a speech recognition facility using an unstructured language model
US8838457B2 (en) 2007-03-07 2014-09-16 Vlingo Corporation Using results of unstructured language model based speech recognition to control a system-level function of a mobile communications facility
US8886545B2 (en) * 2007-03-07 2014-11-11 Vlingo Corporation Dealing with switch latency in speech recognition
US20090030687A1 (en) * 2007-03-07 2009-01-29 Cerra Joseph P Adapting an unstructured language model speech recognition system based on usage
US20110054895A1 (en) * 2007-03-07 2011-03-03 Phillips Michael S Utilizing user transmitted text to improve language model in mobile dictation application
US20110054899A1 (en) * 2007-03-07 2011-03-03 Phillips Michael S Command and control utilizing content information in a mobile voice-to-speech application
US8635243B2 (en) 2007-03-07 2014-01-21 Research In Motion Limited Sending a communications header with voice recording to send metadata for use in speech recognition, formatting, and search mobile search application
JP4466665B2 (en) * 2007-03-13 2010-05-26 日本電気株式会社 Minutes creation method, apparatus and program thereof
US8347202B1 (en) 2007-03-14 2013-01-01 Google Inc. Determining geographic locations for place names in a fact repository
US20080229914A1 (en) * 2007-03-19 2008-09-25 Trevor Nathanial Foot operated transport controller for digital audio workstations
US8078464B2 (en) * 2007-03-30 2011-12-13 Mattersight Corporation Method and system for analyzing separated voice data of a telephonic communication to determine the gender of the communicant
US8856002B2 (en) * 2007-04-12 2014-10-07 International Business Machines Corporation Distance metrics for universal pattern processing tasks
US20080288239A1 (en) * 2007-05-15 2008-11-20 Microsoft Corporation Localization and internationalization of document resources
US8682982B2 (en) * 2007-06-19 2014-03-25 The Invention Science Fund I, Llc Preliminary destination-dependent evaluation of message content
US20080320088A1 (en) * 2007-06-19 2008-12-25 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Helping valuable message content pass apparent message filtering
US8984133B2 (en) * 2007-06-19 2015-03-17 The Invention Science Fund I, Llc Providing treatment-indicative feedback dependent on putative content treatment
US20090027485A1 (en) * 2007-07-26 2009-01-29 Avaya Technology Llc Automatic Monitoring of a Call Participant's Attentiveness
JP5088050B2 (en) * 2007-08-29 2012-12-05 ヤマハ株式会社 Voice processing apparatus and program
US8065404B2 (en) * 2007-08-31 2011-11-22 The Invention Science Fund I, Llc Layering destination-dependent content handling guidance
US8082225B2 (en) * 2007-08-31 2011-12-20 The Invention Science Fund I, Llc Using destination-dependent criteria to guide data transmission decisions
US8326833B2 (en) * 2007-10-04 2012-12-04 International Business Machines Corporation Implementing metadata extraction of artifacts from associated collaborative discussions
US9374242B2 (en) * 2007-11-08 2016-06-21 Invention Science Fund I, Llc Using evaluations of tentative message content
US20090122157A1 (en) * 2007-11-14 2009-05-14 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Information processing apparatus, information processing method, and computer-readable storage medium
US7930389B2 (en) 2007-11-20 2011-04-19 The Invention Science Fund I, Llc Adaptive filtering of annotated messages or the like
DK2081405T3 (en) * 2008-01-21 2012-08-20 Bernafon Ag Hearing aid adapted to a particular voice type in an acoustic environment as well as method and application
US8208245B2 (en) 2008-03-31 2012-06-26 Over The Sun, Llc Tablet computer
US20090259469A1 (en) * 2008-04-14 2009-10-15 Motorola, Inc. Method and apparatus for speech recognition
US8326788B2 (en) * 2008-04-29 2012-12-04 International Business Machines Corporation Determining the degree of relevance of alerts in an entity resolution system
US20090271394A1 (en) * 2008-04-29 2009-10-29 Allen Thomas B Determining the degree of relevance of entities and identities in an entity resolution system that maintains alert relevance
US8015137B2 (en) * 2008-04-29 2011-09-06 International Business Machines Corporation Determining the degree of relevance of alerts in an entity resolution system over alert disposition lifecycle
US8250637B2 (en) * 2008-04-29 2012-08-21 International Business Machines Corporation Determining the degree of relevance of duplicate alerts in an entity resolution system
US7475344B1 (en) * 2008-05-04 2009-01-06 International Business Machines Corporation Genders-usage assistant for composition of electronic documents, emails, or letters
WO2010013371A1 (en) * 2008-07-28 2010-02-04 日本電気株式会社 Dialogue speech recognition system, dialogue speech recognition method, and recording medium for storing dialogue speech recognition program
US8655950B2 (en) * 2008-08-06 2014-02-18 International Business Machines Corporation Contextual awareness in real time collaborative activity alerts
US8744532B2 (en) * 2008-11-10 2014-06-03 Disney Enterprises, Inc. System and method for customizable playback of communication device alert media
US8249870B2 (en) * 2008-11-12 2012-08-21 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Semi-automatic speech transcription
US8670978B2 (en) * 2008-12-15 2014-03-11 Nec Corporation Topic transition analysis system, method, and program
US8654963B2 (en) 2008-12-19 2014-02-18 Genesys Telecommunications Laboratories, Inc. Method and system for integrating an interaction management system with a business rules management system
US8135333B2 (en) * 2008-12-23 2012-03-13 Motorola Solutions, Inc. Distributing a broadband resource locator over a narrowband audio stream
US8301444B2 (en) 2008-12-29 2012-10-30 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Automated demographic analysis by analyzing voice activity
US8498866B2 (en) * 2009-01-15 2013-07-30 K-Nfb Reading Technology, Inc. Systems and methods for multiple language document narration
EP2216775B1 (en) * 2009-02-05 2012-11-21 Nuance Communications, Inc. Speaker recognition
US20100235314A1 (en) * 2009-02-12 2010-09-16 Decisive Analytics Corporation Method and apparatus for analyzing and interrelating video data
US8458105B2 (en) * 2009-02-12 2013-06-04 Decisive Analytics Corporation Method and apparatus for analyzing and interrelating data
US9646603B2 (en) * 2009-02-27 2017-05-09 Longsand Limited Various apparatus and methods for a speech recognition system
CN101847412B (en) * 2009-03-27 2012-02-15 华为技术有限公司 Classification method and apparatus an audio signal
US8463606B2 (en) 2009-07-13 2013-06-11 Genesys Telecommunications Laboratories, Inc. System for analyzing interactions and reporting analytic results to human-operated and system interfaces in real time
US8190420B2 (en) 2009-08-04 2012-05-29 Autonomy Corporation Ltd. Automatic spoken language identification based on phoneme sequence patterns
US8160877B1 (en) * 2009-08-06 2012-04-17 Narus, Inc. Hierarchical real-time speaker recognition for biometric VoIP verification and targeting
US8799408B2 (en) * 2009-08-10 2014-08-05 Sling Media Pvt Ltd Localization systems and methods
US9727842B2 (en) 2009-08-21 2017-08-08 International Business Machines Corporation Determining entity relevance by relationships to other relevant entities
EP2478451A2 (en) * 2009-09-18 2012-07-25 Lexxe PTY Ltd Method and system for scoring texts
CN102576562B (en) 2009-10-09 2015-07-08 杜比实验室特许公司 Automatic generation of metadata for audio dominance effects
US8954434B2 (en) * 2010-01-08 2015-02-10 Microsoft Corporation Enhancing a document with supplemental information from another document
US8903847B2 (en) * 2010-03-05 2014-12-02 International Business Machines Corporation Digital media voice tags in social networks
US8831942B1 (en) * 2010-03-19 2014-09-09 Narus, Inc. System and method for pitch based gender identification with suspicious speaker detection
US20150279354A1 (en) * 2010-05-19 2015-10-01 Google Inc. Personalization and Latency Reduction for Voice-Activated Commands
US8600750B2 (en) * 2010-06-08 2013-12-03 Cisco Technology, Inc. Speaker-cluster dependent speaker recognition (speaker-type automated speech recognition)
US20130115606A1 (en) * 2010-07-07 2013-05-09 The University Of British Columbia System and method for microfluidic cell culture
TWI403304B (en) * 2010-08-27 2013-08-01 Ind Tech Res Inst Method and mobile device for awareness of linguistic ability
US9678572B2 (en) 2010-10-01 2017-06-13 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Apparatus and method for turning e-book pages in portable terminal
EP2437153A3 (en) * 2010-10-01 2016-10-05 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Apparatus and method for turning e-book pages in portable terminal
EP2437151A3 (en) 2010-10-01 2017-03-15 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Apparatus and method for turning e-book pages in portable terminal
KR101743632B1 (en) 2010-10-01 2017-06-07 삼성전자주식회사 Apparatus and method for turning e-book pages in portable terminal
US8498998B2 (en) * 2010-10-11 2013-07-30 International Business Machines Corporation Grouping identity records to generate candidate lists to use in an entity and relationship resolution process
US20120197643A1 (en) * 2011-01-27 2012-08-02 General Motors Llc Mapping obstruent speech energy to lower frequencies
US20120244842A1 (en) 2011-03-21 2012-09-27 International Business Machines Corporation Data Session Synchronization With Phone Numbers
US20120246238A1 (en) 2011-03-21 2012-09-27 International Business Machines Corporation Asynchronous messaging tags
US8688090B2 (en) 2011-03-21 2014-04-01 International Business Machines Corporation Data session preferences
US9053750B2 (en) 2011-06-17 2015-06-09 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Speaker association with a visual representation of spoken content
US9160837B2 (en) 2011-06-29 2015-10-13 Gracenote, Inc. Interactive streaming content apparatus, systems and methods
US20130144414A1 (en) * 2011-12-06 2013-06-06 Cisco Technology, Inc. Method and apparatus for discovering and labeling speakers in a large and growing collection of videos with minimal user effort
US9396277B2 (en) * 2011-12-09 2016-07-19 Microsoft Technology Licensing, Llc Access to supplemental data based on identifier derived from corresponding primary application data
US8886651B1 (en) * 2011-12-22 2014-11-11 Reputation.Com, Inc. Thematic clustering
US9330188B1 (en) 2011-12-22 2016-05-03 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Shared browsing sessions
US9324323B1 (en) 2012-01-13 2016-04-26 Google Inc. Speech recognition using topic-specific language models
US8839087B1 (en) 2012-01-26 2014-09-16 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Remote browsing and searching
US9336321B1 (en) 2012-01-26 2016-05-10 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Remote browsing and searching
US9087024B1 (en) * 2012-01-26 2015-07-21 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Narration of network content
JP2013161205A (en) * 2012-02-03 2013-08-19 Sony Corp Information processing device, information processing method and program
US8543398B1 (en) 2012-02-29 2013-09-24 Google Inc. Training an automatic speech recognition system using compressed word frequencies
US8775177B1 (en) 2012-03-08 2014-07-08 Google Inc. Speech recognition process
US8965766B1 (en) * 2012-03-15 2015-02-24 Google Inc. Systems and methods for identifying music in a noisy environment
US9129605B2 (en) * 2012-03-30 2015-09-08 Src, Inc. Automated voice and speech labeling
GB2502944A (en) * 2012-03-30 2013-12-18 Jpal Ltd Segmentation and transcription of speech
US8374865B1 (en) 2012-04-26 2013-02-12 Google Inc. Sampling training data for an automatic speech recognition system based on a benchmark classification distribution
US8805684B1 (en) 2012-05-31 2014-08-12 Google Inc. Distributed speaker adaptation
US8571859B1 (en) 2012-05-31 2013-10-29 Google Inc. Multi-stage speaker adaptation
US8775175B1 (en) * 2012-06-01 2014-07-08 Google Inc. Performing dictation correction
WO2013179275A2 (en) * 2012-06-01 2013-12-05 Donald, Heather June Method and system for generating an interactive display
US9881616B2 (en) * 2012-06-06 2018-01-30 Qualcomm Incorporated Method and systems having improved speech recognition
GB2505072A (en) 2012-07-06 2014-02-19 Box Inc Identifying users and collaborators as search results in a cloud-based system
US8554559B1 (en) 2012-07-13 2013-10-08 Google Inc. Localized speech recognition with offload
US9123333B2 (en) 2012-09-12 2015-09-01 Google Inc. Minimum bayesian risk methods for automatic speech recognition
US20140082091A1 (en) * 2012-09-19 2014-03-20 Box, Inc. Cloud-based platform enabled with media content indexed for text-based searches and/or metadata extraction
US8676590B1 (en) * 2012-09-26 2014-03-18 Google Inc. Web-based audio transcription tool
TW201417093A (en) * 2012-10-19 2014-05-01 Hon Hai Prec Ind Co Ltd Electronic device with video/audio files processing function and video/audio files processing method
EP2736042A1 (en) * 2012-11-23 2014-05-28 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd Apparatus and method for constructing multilingual acoustic model and computer readable recording medium for storing program for performing the method
US9912816B2 (en) 2012-11-29 2018-03-06 Genesys Telecommunications Laboratories, Inc. Workload distribution with resource awareness
US9542936B2 (en) 2012-12-29 2017-01-10 Genesys Telecommunications Laboratories, Inc. Fast out-of-vocabulary search in automatic speech recognition systems
KR20140094330A (en) * 2013-01-22 2014-07-30 삼성전자주식회사 Electronic apparatus and voice processing method thereof
US9208777B2 (en) 2013-01-25 2015-12-08 Microsoft Technology Licensing, Llc Feature space transformation for personalization using generalized i-vector clustering
JP5945062B2 (en) * 2013-02-28 2016-07-05 株式会社東芝 Data processing apparatus and story model construction method
US9190055B1 (en) * 2013-03-14 2015-11-17 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Named entity recognition with personalized models
US9195656B2 (en) * 2013-12-30 2015-11-24 Google Inc. Multilingual prosody generation
WO2015105994A1 (en) 2014-01-08 2015-07-16 Callminer, Inc. Real-time conversational analytics facility
US9430186B2 (en) * 2014-03-17 2016-08-30 Google Inc Visual indication of a recognized voice-initiated action
US9497868B2 (en) 2014-04-17 2016-11-15 Continental Automotive Systems, Inc. Electronics enclosure
US9773499B2 (en) 2014-06-18 2017-09-26 Google Inc. Entity name recognition based on entity type
US9772816B1 (en) * 2014-12-22 2017-09-26 Google Inc. Transcription and tagging system
EP3089159B1 (en) 2015-04-28 2019-08-28 Google LLC Correcting voice recognition using selective re-speak
US10025773B2 (en) * 2015-07-24 2018-07-17 International Business Machines Corporation System and method for natural language processing using synthetic text
US10381022B1 (en) 2015-12-23 2019-08-13 Google Llc Audio classifier
US10282411B2 (en) * 2016-03-31 2019-05-07 International Business Machines Corporation System, method, and recording medium for natural language learning
US20180018973A1 (en) 2016-07-15 2018-01-18 Google Inc. Speaker verification
US9978392B2 (en) * 2016-09-09 2018-05-22 Tata Consultancy Services Limited Noisy signal identification from non-stationary audio signals
EP3432560A1 (en) * 2017-07-20 2019-01-23 Dialogtech Inc. System, method, and computer program product for automatically analyzing and categorizing phone calls

Citations (47)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4879648A (en) * 1986-09-19 1989-11-07 Nancy P. Cochran Search system which continuously displays search terms during scrolling and selections of individually displayed data sets
US5317732A (en) * 1991-04-26 1994-05-31 Commodore Electronics Limited System for relocating a multimedia presentation on a different platform by extracting a resource map in order to remap and relocate resources
US5418716A (en) * 1990-07-26 1995-05-23 Nec Corporation System for recognizing sentence patterns and a system for recognizing sentence patterns and grammatical cases
US5559875A (en) * 1995-07-31 1996-09-24 Latitude Communications Method and apparatus for recording and retrieval of audio conferences
US5613032A (en) * 1994-09-02 1997-03-18 Bell Communications Research, Inc. System and method for recording, playing back and searching multimedia events wherein video, audio and text can be searched and retrieved
US5614940A (en) * 1994-10-21 1997-03-25 Intel Corporation Method and apparatus for providing broadcast information with indexing
US5960447A (en) * 1995-11-13 1999-09-28 Holt; Douglas Word tagging and editing system for speech recognition
US5963940A (en) * 1995-08-16 1999-10-05 Syracuse University Natural language information retrieval system and method
US6006221A (en) * 1995-08-16 1999-12-21 Syracuse University Multilingual document retrieval system and method using semantic vector matching
US6024571A (en) * 1996-04-25 2000-02-15 Renegar; Janet Elaine Foreign language communication system/device and learning aid
US6052657A (en) * 1997-09-09 2000-04-18 Dragon Systems, Inc. Text segmentation and identification of topic using language models
US6067517A (en) * 1996-02-02 2000-05-23 International Business Machines Corporation Transcription of speech data with segments from acoustically dissimilar environments
US6067514A (en) * 1998-06-23 2000-05-23 International Business Machines Corporation Method for automatically punctuating a speech utterance in a continuous speech recognition system
US6161087A (en) * 1998-10-05 2000-12-12 Lernout & Hauspie Speech Products N.V. Speech-recognition-assisted selective suppression of silent and filled speech pauses during playback of an audio recording
US6185531B1 (en) * 1997-01-09 2001-02-06 Gte Internetworking Incorporated Topic indexing method
US6253179B1 (en) * 1999-01-29 2001-06-26 International Business Machines Corporation Method and apparatus for multi-environment speaker verification
US6317716B1 (en) * 1997-09-19 2001-11-13 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Automatic cueing of speech
US6332147B1 (en) * 1995-11-03 2001-12-18 Xerox Corporation Computer controlled display system using a graphical replay device to control playback of temporal data representing collaborative activities
US20020010575A1 (en) * 2000-04-08 2002-01-24 International Business Machines Corporation Method and system for the automatic segmentation of an audio stream into semantic or syntactic units
US6345252B1 (en) * 1999-04-09 2002-02-05 International Business Machines Corporation Methods and apparatus for retrieving audio information using content and speaker information
US6360234B2 (en) * 1997-08-14 2002-03-19 Virage, Inc. Video cataloger system with synchronized encoders
US6360237B1 (en) * 1998-10-05 2002-03-19 Lernout & Hauspie Speech Products N.V. Method and system for performing text edits during audio recording playback
US6434520B1 (en) * 1999-04-16 2002-08-13 International Business Machines Corporation System and method for indexing and querying audio archives
US6463444B1 (en) * 1997-08-14 2002-10-08 Virage, Inc. Video cataloger system with extensibility
US20030088414A1 (en) * 2001-05-10 2003-05-08 Chao-Shih Huang Background learning of speaker voices
US6567980B1 (en) * 1997-08-14 2003-05-20 Virage, Inc. Video cataloger system with hyperlinked output
US6602300B2 (en) * 1998-02-03 2003-08-05 Fujitsu Limited Apparatus and method for retrieving data from a document database
US6611803B1 (en) * 1998-12-17 2003-08-26 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Method and apparatus for retrieving a video and audio scene using an index generated by speech recognition
US20030167163A1 (en) * 2002-02-22 2003-09-04 Nec Research Institute, Inc. Inferring hierarchical descriptions of a set of documents
US6624826B1 (en) * 1999-09-28 2003-09-23 Ricoh Co., Ltd. Method and apparatus for generating visual representations for audio documents
US20040024739A1 (en) * 1999-06-15 2004-02-05 Kanisa Inc. System and method for implementing a knowledge management system
US6708148B2 (en) * 2001-10-12 2004-03-16 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Correction device to mark parts of a recognized text
US6714911B2 (en) * 2001-01-25 2004-03-30 Harcourt Assessment, Inc. Speech transcription and analysis system and method
US6718303B2 (en) * 1998-05-13 2004-04-06 International Business Machines Corporation Apparatus and method for automatically generating punctuation marks in continuous speech recognition
US6748356B1 (en) * 2000-06-07 2004-06-08 International Business Machines Corporation Methods and apparatus for identifying unknown speakers using a hierarchical tree structure
US6778958B1 (en) * 1999-08-30 2004-08-17 International Business Machines Corporation Symbol insertion apparatus and method
US6792409B2 (en) * 1999-12-20 2004-09-14 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Synchronous reproduction in a speech recognition system
US20050060162A1 (en) * 2000-11-10 2005-03-17 Farhad Mohit Systems and methods for automatic identification and hyperlinking of words or other data items and for information retrieval using hyperlinked words or data items
US6922691B2 (en) * 2000-08-28 2005-07-26 Emotion, Inc. Method and apparatus for digital media management, retrieval, and collaboration
US6931376B2 (en) * 2000-07-20 2005-08-16 Microsoft Corporation Speech-related event notification system
US6961954B1 (en) * 1997-10-27 2005-11-01 The Mitre Corporation Automated segmentation, information extraction, summarization, and presentation of broadcast news
US6973428B2 (en) * 2001-05-24 2005-12-06 International Business Machines Corporation System and method for searching, analyzing and displaying text transcripts of speech after imperfect speech recognition
US6978277B2 (en) * 1989-10-26 2005-12-20 Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. Multimedia search system
US6999918B2 (en) * 2002-09-20 2006-02-14 Motorola, Inc. Method and apparatus to facilitate correlating symbols to sounds
US20060129541A1 (en) * 2002-06-11 2006-06-15 Microsoft Corporation Dynamically updated quick searches and strategies
US7131117B2 (en) * 2002-09-04 2006-10-31 Sbc Properties, L.P. Method and system for automating the analysis of word frequencies
US7146317B2 (en) * 2000-02-25 2006-12-05 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Speech recognition device with reference transformation means

Family Cites Families (134)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4193119A (en) * 1977-03-25 1980-03-11 Xerox Corporation Apparatus for assisting in the transposition of foreign language text
US4317611A (en) * 1980-05-19 1982-03-02 International Business Machines Corporation Optical ray deflection apparatus
US4615595A (en) * 1984-10-10 1986-10-07 Texas Instruments Incorporated Frame addressed spatial light modulator
US4908866A (en) 1985-02-04 1990-03-13 Eric Goldwasser Speech transcribing system
JPH0693221B2 (en) 1985-06-12 1994-11-16 株式会社日立製作所 Voice input device
JPH0743719B2 (en) * 1986-05-20 1995-05-15 シャープ株式会社 Machine translation apparatus
JPH0833799B2 (en) * 1988-10-31 1996-03-29 富士通株式会社 Data input and output control system
US5146439A (en) * 1989-01-04 1992-09-08 Pitney Bowes Inc. Records management system having dictation/transcription capability
US5404295A (en) * 1990-08-16 1995-04-04 Katz; Boris Method and apparatus for utilizing annotations to facilitate computer retrieval of database material
US5408686A (en) * 1991-02-19 1995-04-18 Mankovitz; Roy J. Apparatus and methods for music and lyrics broadcasting
US6151598A (en) * 1995-08-14 2000-11-21 Shaw; Venson M. Digital dictionary with a communication system for the creating, updating, editing, storing, maintaining, referencing, and managing the digital dictionary
US5477451A (en) * 1991-07-25 1995-12-19 International Business Machines Corp. Method and system for natural language translation
US5875108A (en) 1991-12-23 1999-02-23 Hoffberg; Steven M. Ergonomic man-machine interface incorporating adaptive pattern recognition based control system
US5544257A (en) 1992-01-08 1996-08-06 International Business Machines Corporation Continuous parameter hidden Markov model approach to automatic handwriting recognition
US5311360A (en) * 1992-04-28 1994-05-10 The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford, Junior University Method and apparatus for modulating a light beam
JP2524472B2 (en) * 1992-09-21 1996-08-14 インターナショナル・ビジネス・マシーンズ・コーポレイション How to train the voice recognition system of the telephone line use
CA2108536C (en) * 1992-11-24 2000-04-04 Oscar Ernesto Agazzi Text recognition using two-dimensional stochastic models
US5369704A (en) * 1993-03-24 1994-11-29 Engate Incorporated Down-line transcription system for manipulating real-time testimony
US5525047A (en) * 1993-06-30 1996-06-11 Cooper Cameron Corporation Sealing system for an unloader
US5689641A (en) * 1993-10-01 1997-11-18 Vicor, Inc. Multimedia collaboration system arrangement for routing compressed AV signal through a participant site without decompressing the AV signal
JP2986345B2 (en) * 1993-10-18 1999-12-06 インターナショナル・ビジネス・マシーンズ・コーポレイション Sound recording indexed apparatus and method
US5452024A (en) * 1993-11-01 1995-09-19 Texas Instruments Incorporated DMD display system
JP3185505B2 (en) * 1993-12-24 2001-07-11 株式会社日立製作所 Conference proceedings generating support device
GB2285895A (en) 1994-01-19 1995-07-26 Ibm Audio conferencing system which generates a set of minutes
US5810599A (en) * 1994-01-26 1998-09-22 E-Systems, Inc. Interactive audio-visual foreign language skills maintenance system and method
FR2718539B1 (en) * 1994-04-08 1996-04-26 Thomson Csf An amplitude modulation rate of amplifying an optical beam.
JPH07319917A (en) * 1994-05-24 1995-12-08 Fuji Xerox Co Ltd Document data base managing device and document data base system
US5715445A (en) * 1994-09-02 1998-02-03 Wolfe; Mark A. Document retrieval system employing a preloading procedure
US5831615A (en) 1994-09-30 1998-11-03 Intel Corporation Method and apparatus for redrawing transparent windows
AU3625095A (en) 1994-09-30 1996-04-26 Motorola, Inc. Method and system for extracting features from handwritten text
US5835667A (en) * 1994-10-14 1998-11-10 Carnegie Mellon University Method and apparatus for creating a searchable digital video library and a system and method of using such a library
US5777614A (en) 1994-10-14 1998-07-07 Hitachi, Ltd. Editing support system including an interactive interface
US6029195A (en) * 1994-11-29 2000-02-22 Herz; Frederick S. M. System for customized electronic identification of desirable objects
US5729656A (en) 1994-11-30 1998-03-17 International Business Machines Corporation Reduction of search space in speech recognition using phone boundaries and phone ranking
US5638487A (en) * 1994-12-30 1997-06-10 Purespeech, Inc. Automatic speech recognition
US5715367A (en) * 1995-01-23 1998-02-03 Dragon Systems, Inc. Apparatuses and methods for developing and using models for speech recognition
US5684924A (en) 1995-05-19 1997-11-04 Kurzweil Applied Intelligence, Inc. User adaptable speech recognition system
WO1996041281A1 (en) * 1995-06-07 1996-12-19 International Language Engineering Corporation Machine assisted translation tools
US6046840A (en) * 1995-06-19 2000-04-04 Reflectivity, Inc. Double substrate reflective spatial light modulator with self-limiting micro-mechanical elements
US6026388A (en) * 1995-08-16 2000-02-15 Textwise, Llc User interface and other enhancements for natural language information retrieval system and method
US5757536A (en) * 1995-08-30 1998-05-26 Sandia Corporation Electrically-programmable diffraction grating
US5742419A (en) * 1995-11-07 1998-04-21 The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior Universtiy Miniature scanning confocal microscope
US5999306A (en) * 1995-12-01 1999-12-07 Seiko Epson Corporation Method of manufacturing spatial light modulator and electronic device employing it
JPH09269931A (en) 1996-01-30 1997-10-14 Canon Inc Cooperative work environment constructing system, its method and medium
DE69712277T2 (en) * 1996-02-27 2002-12-19 Koninkl Philips Electronics Nv Method and device for automatically segmenting speech in units phonemartigen
US5862259A (en) 1996-03-27 1999-01-19 Caere Corporation Pattern recognition employing arbitrary segmentation and compound probabilistic evaluation
US5778187A (en) * 1996-05-09 1998-07-07 Netcast Communications Corp. Multicasting method and apparatus
US5996022A (en) * 1996-06-03 1999-11-30 Webtv Networks, Inc. Transcoding data in a proxy computer prior to transmitting the audio data to a client
US5806032A (en) * 1996-06-14 1998-09-08 Lucent Technologies Inc. Compilation of weighted finite-state transducers from decision trees
US5835908A (en) * 1996-11-19 1998-11-10 Microsoft Corporation Processing multiple database transactions in the same process to reduce process overhead and redundant retrieval from database servers
US6169789B1 (en) 1996-12-16 2001-01-02 Sanjay K. Rao Intelligent keyboard system
US5897614A (en) * 1996-12-20 1999-04-27 International Business Machines Corporation Method and apparatus for sibilant classification in a speech recognition system
US6732183B1 (en) * 1996-12-31 2004-05-04 Broadware Technologies, Inc. Video and audio streaming for multiple users
US6807570B1 (en) * 1997-01-21 2004-10-19 International Business Machines Corporation Pre-loading of web pages corresponding to designated links in HTML
JP2991287B2 (en) 1997-01-28 1999-12-20 日本電気株式会社 Suppression standard pattern selection formulas speaker recognition system
US6088669A (en) 1997-01-28 2000-07-11 International Business Machines, Corporation Speech recognition with attempted speaker recognition for speaker model prefetching or alternative speech modeling
US6029124A (en) 1997-02-21 2000-02-22 Dragon Systems, Inc. Sequential, nonparametric speech recognition and speaker identification
US6024751A (en) * 1997-04-11 2000-02-15 Coherent Inc. Method and apparatus for transurethral resection of the prostate
CA2286935C (en) * 1997-05-28 2001-02-27 Shinar Linguistic Technologies Inc. Translation system
CA2271745A1 (en) 1997-10-01 1999-04-08 Pierre David Wellner Method and apparatus for storing and retrieving labeled interval data for multimedia recordings
US6064963A (en) 1997-12-17 2000-05-16 Opus Telecom, L.L.C. Automatic key word or phrase speech recognition for the corrections industry
JP4183311B2 (en) * 1997-12-22 2008-11-19 株式会社リコー Document annotation method, annotation device, and recording medium
US5970473A (en) * 1997-12-31 1999-10-19 At&T Corp. Video communication device providing in-home catalog services
SE511584C2 (en) * 1998-01-15 1999-10-25 Ericsson Telefon Ab L M information Routing
US6327343B1 (en) 1998-01-16 2001-12-04 International Business Machines Corporation System and methods for automatic call and data transfer processing
US6073096A (en) * 1998-02-04 2000-06-06 International Business Machines Corporation Speaker adaptation system and method based on class-specific pre-clustering training speakers
US7257528B1 (en) * 1998-02-13 2007-08-14 Zi Corporation Of Canada, Inc. Method and apparatus for Chinese character text input
US6361326B1 (en) * 1998-02-20 2002-03-26 George Mason University System for instruction thinking skills
US6112172A (en) * 1998-03-31 2000-08-29 Dragon Systems, Inc. Interactive searching
US6076053A (en) * 1998-05-21 2000-06-13 Lucent Technologies Inc. Methods and apparatus for discriminative training and adaptation of pronunciation networks
US6243680B1 (en) * 1998-06-15 2001-06-05 Nortel Networks Limited Method and apparatus for obtaining a transcription of phrases through text and spoken utterances
US6341330B1 (en) * 1998-07-27 2002-01-22 Oak Technology, Inc. Method and system for caching a selected viewing angle in a DVD environment
US6233389B1 (en) * 1998-07-30 2001-05-15 Tivo, Inc. Multimedia time warping system
US6246983B1 (en) * 1998-08-05 2001-06-12 Matsushita Electric Corporation Of America Text-to-speech e-mail reader with multi-modal reply processor
US6373985B1 (en) * 1998-08-12 2002-04-16 Lucent Technologies, Inc. E-mail signature block analysis
US6381640B1 (en) * 1998-09-11 2002-04-30 Genesys Telecommunications Laboratories, Inc. Method and apparatus for automated personalization and presentation of workload assignments to agents within a multimedia communication center
US6038058A (en) * 1998-10-15 2000-03-14 Memsolutions, Inc. Grid-actuated charge controlled mirror and method of addressing the same
US6347295B1 (en) * 1998-10-26 2002-02-12 Compaq Computer Corporation Computer method and apparatus for grapheme-to-phoneme rule-set-generation
US6332139B1 (en) 1998-11-09 2001-12-18 Mega Chips Corporation Information communication system
US6292772B1 (en) * 1998-12-01 2001-09-18 Justsystem Corporation Method for identifying the language of individual words
US6654735B1 (en) * 1999-01-08 2003-11-25 International Business Machines Corporation Outbound information analysis for generating user interest profiles and improving user productivity
DE19912405A1 (en) * 1999-03-19 2000-09-21 Philips Corp Intellectual Pty Determining a regression class tree structure for speech
DE60038674T2 (en) 1999-03-30 2009-06-10 TiVo, Inc., Alviso Data storage management and program flow system
US6338033B1 (en) * 1999-04-20 2002-01-08 Alis Technologies, Inc. System and method for network-based teletranslation from one natural language to another
AUPQ131399A0 (en) * 1999-06-30 1999-07-22 Silverbrook Research Pty Ltd A method and apparatus (NPAGE02)
US6219640B1 (en) * 1999-08-06 2001-04-17 International Business Machines Corporation Methods and apparatus for audio-visual speaker recognition and utterance verification
IES990800A2 (en) 1999-08-20 2000-09-06 Digitake Software Systems Ltd An audio processing system
US6480826B2 (en) * 1999-08-31 2002-11-12 Accenture Llp System and method for a telephonic emotion detection that provides operator feedback
US6711541B1 (en) * 1999-09-07 2004-03-23 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Technique for developing discriminative sound units for speech recognition and allophone modeling
US7412643B1 (en) * 1999-11-23 2008-08-12 International Business Machines Corporation Method and apparatus for linking representation and realization data
US6571208B1 (en) 1999-11-29 2003-05-27 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Context-dependent acoustic models for medium and large vocabulary speech recognition with eigenvoice training
US6396619B1 (en) * 2000-01-28 2002-05-28 Reflectivity, Inc. Deflectable spatial light modulator having stopping mechanisms
US20020071169A1 (en) * 2000-02-01 2002-06-13 Bowers John Edward Micro-electro-mechanical-system (MEMS) mirror device
US7197694B2 (en) * 2000-03-21 2007-03-27 Oki Electric Industry Co., Ltd. Image display system, image registration terminal device and image reading terminal device used in the image display system
CN1193605C (en) * 2000-04-21 2005-03-16 松下电器产业株式会社 Data reproduction apparatus
JP2003532194A (en) * 2000-04-24 2003-10-28 マイクロソフト コーポレイション Computer aided Reading systems and methods using language between leading Wizard
US7107204B1 (en) * 2000-04-24 2006-09-12 Microsoft Corporation Computer-aided writing system and method with cross-language writing wizard
US6388661B1 (en) * 2000-05-03 2002-05-14 Reflectivity, Inc. Monochrome and color digital display systems and methods
US6505153B1 (en) * 2000-05-22 2003-01-07 Compaq Information Technologies Group, L.P. Efficient method for producing off-line closed captions
US7047192B2 (en) * 2000-06-28 2006-05-16 Poirier Darrell A Simultaneous multi-user real-time speech recognition system
US6337760B1 (en) * 2000-07-17 2002-01-08 Reflectivity, Inc. Encapsulated multi-directional light beam steering device
EP1176493A3 (en) 2000-07-28 2002-07-10 Jan Pathuel Method and system of securing data and systems
WO2002010981A2 (en) * 2000-07-28 2002-02-07 Easyask, Inc. Distributed search system and method
US7155061B2 (en) * 2000-08-22 2006-12-26 Microsoft Corporation Method and system for searching for words and phrases in active and stored ink word documents
US6604110B1 (en) * 2000-08-31 2003-08-05 Ascential Software, Inc. Automated software code generation from a metadata-based repository
US6647383B1 (en) * 2000-09-01 2003-11-11 Lucent Technologies Inc. System and method for providing interactive dialogue and iterative search functions to find information
US7075671B1 (en) * 2000-09-14 2006-07-11 International Business Machines Corp. System and method for providing a printing capability for a transcription service or multimedia presentation
AU7639400A (en) 2000-09-30 2002-04-15 Intel Corp Method and system for generating and searching an optimal maximum likelihood decision tree for hidden markov model (hmm) based speech recognition
US7472064B1 (en) 2000-09-30 2008-12-30 Intel Corporation Method and system to scale down a decision tree-based hidden markov model (HMM) for speech recognition
US6431714B1 (en) * 2000-10-10 2002-08-13 Nippon Telegraph And Telephone Corporation Micro-mirror apparatus and production method therefor
US6934756B2 (en) 2000-11-01 2005-08-23 International Business Machines Corporation Conversational networking via transport, coding and control conversational protocols
US6574026B2 (en) * 2000-12-07 2003-06-03 Agere Systems Inc. Magnetically-packaged optical MEMs device
US6944272B1 (en) * 2001-01-16 2005-09-13 Interactive Intelligence, Inc. Method and system for administering multiple messages over a public switched telephone network
SG98440A1 (en) * 2001-01-16 2003-09-19 Reuters Ltd Method and apparatus for a financial database structure
US6429033B1 (en) * 2001-02-20 2002-08-06 Nayna Networks, Inc. Process for manufacturing mirror devices using semiconductor technology
US20020133477A1 (en) * 2001-03-05 2002-09-19 Glenn Abel Method for profile-based notice and broadcast of multimedia content
US6732095B1 (en) * 2001-04-13 2004-05-04 Siebel Systems, Inc. Method and apparatus for mapping between XML and relational representations
US6999916B2 (en) * 2001-04-20 2006-02-14 Wordsniffer, Inc. Method and apparatus for integrated, user-directed web site text translation
US7035804B2 (en) * 2001-04-26 2006-04-25 Stenograph, L.L.C. Systems and methods for automated audio transcription, translation, and transfer
US6820055B2 (en) * 2001-04-26 2004-11-16 Speche Communications Systems and methods for automated audio transcription, translation, and transfer with text display software for manipulating the text
US6895376B2 (en) * 2001-05-04 2005-05-17 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Eigenvoice re-estimation technique of acoustic models for speech recognition, speaker identification and speaker verification
US20030018663A1 (en) * 2001-05-30 2003-01-23 Cornette Ranjita K. Method and system for creating a multimedia electronic book
US7027973B2 (en) * 2001-07-13 2006-04-11 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. System and method for converting a standard generalized markup language in multiple languages
US6778979B2 (en) * 2001-08-13 2004-08-17 Xerox Corporation System for automatically generating queries
US6993473B2 (en) * 2001-08-31 2006-01-31 Equality Translation Services Productivity tool for language translators
US20030078973A1 (en) * 2001-09-25 2003-04-24 Przekop Michael V. Web-enabled system and method for on-demand distribution of transcript-synchronized video/audio records of legal proceedings to collaborative workgroups
US6748350B2 (en) * 2001-09-27 2004-06-08 Intel Corporation Method to compensate for stress between heat spreader and thermal interface material
US20030093580A1 (en) * 2001-11-09 2003-05-15 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Method and system for information alerts
DE60237922D1 (en) * 2002-01-29 2010-11-18 Ibm Translation procedure for preferred words
US7522910B2 (en) * 2002-05-31 2009-04-21 Oracle International Corporation Method and apparatus for controlling data provided to a mobile device
US6618702B1 (en) * 2002-06-14 2003-09-09 Mary Antoinette Kohler Method of and device for phone-based speaker recognition
US7580838B2 (en) 2002-11-22 2009-08-25 Scansoft, Inc. Automatic insertion of non-verbalized punctuation
US7627479B2 (en) * 2003-02-21 2009-12-01 Motionpoint Corporation Automation tool for web site content language translation
US8464150B2 (en) * 2008-06-07 2013-06-11 Apple Inc. Automatic language identification for dynamic text processing

Patent Citations (50)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4879648A (en) * 1986-09-19 1989-11-07 Nancy P. Cochran Search system which continuously displays search terms during scrolling and selections of individually displayed data sets
US6978277B2 (en) * 1989-10-26 2005-12-20 Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. Multimedia search system
US5418716A (en) * 1990-07-26 1995-05-23 Nec Corporation System for recognizing sentence patterns and a system for recognizing sentence patterns and grammatical cases
US5317732A (en) * 1991-04-26 1994-05-31 Commodore Electronics Limited System for relocating a multimedia presentation on a different platform by extracting a resource map in order to remap and relocate resources
US5613032A (en) * 1994-09-02 1997-03-18 Bell Communications Research, Inc. System and method for recording, playing back and searching multimedia events wherein video, audio and text can be searched and retrieved
US5614940A (en) * 1994-10-21 1997-03-25 Intel Corporation Method and apparatus for providing broadcast information with indexing
US5559875A (en) * 1995-07-31 1996-09-24 Latitude Communications Method and apparatus for recording and retrieval of audio conferences
US5963940A (en) * 1995-08-16 1999-10-05 Syracuse University Natural language information retrieval system and method
US6006221A (en) * 1995-08-16 1999-12-21 Syracuse University Multilingual document retrieval system and method using semantic vector matching
US6332147B1 (en) * 1995-11-03 2001-12-18 Xerox Corporation Computer controlled display system using a graphical replay device to control playback of temporal data representing collaborative activities
US5960447A (en) * 1995-11-13 1999-09-28 Holt; Douglas Word tagging and editing system for speech recognition
US6067517A (en) * 1996-02-02 2000-05-23 International Business Machines Corporation Transcription of speech data with segments from acoustically dissimilar environments
US6024571A (en) * 1996-04-25 2000-02-15 Renegar; Janet Elaine Foreign language communication system/device and learning aid
US6185531B1 (en) * 1997-01-09 2001-02-06 Gte Internetworking Incorporated Topic indexing method
US6463444B1 (en) * 1997-08-14 2002-10-08 Virage, Inc. Video cataloger system with extensibility
US6877134B1 (en) * 1997-08-14 2005-04-05 Virage, Inc. Integrated data and real-time metadata capture system and method
US6567980B1 (en) * 1997-08-14 2003-05-20 Virage, Inc. Video cataloger system with hyperlinked output
US6360234B2 (en) * 1997-08-14 2002-03-19 Virage, Inc. Video cataloger system with synchronized encoders
US6052657A (en) * 1997-09-09 2000-04-18 Dragon Systems, Inc. Text segmentation and identification of topic using language models
US6317716B1 (en) * 1997-09-19 2001-11-13 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Automatic cueing of speech
US6961954B1 (en) * 1997-10-27 2005-11-01 The Mitre Corporation Automated segmentation, information extraction, summarization, and presentation of broadcast news
US6602300B2 (en) * 1998-02-03 2003-08-05 Fujitsu Limited Apparatus and method for retrieving data from a document database
US6718303B2 (en) * 1998-05-13 2004-04-06 International Business Machines Corporation Apparatus and method for automatically generating punctuation marks in continuous speech recognition
US6067514A (en) * 1998-06-23 2000-05-23 International Business Machines Corporation Method for automatically punctuating a speech utterance in a continuous speech recognition system
US6360237B1 (en) * 1998-10-05 2002-03-19 Lernout & Hauspie Speech Products N.V. Method and system for performing text edits during audio recording playback
US6161087A (en) * 1998-10-05 2000-12-12 Lernout & Hauspie Speech Products N.V. Speech-recognition-assisted selective suppression of silent and filled speech pauses during playback of an audio recording
US6611803B1 (en) * 1998-12-17 2003-08-26 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Method and apparatus for retrieving a video and audio scene using an index generated by speech recognition
US6728673B2 (en) * 1998-12-17 2004-04-27 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd Method and apparatus for retrieving a video and audio scene using an index generated by speech recognition
US6253179B1 (en) * 1999-01-29 2001-06-26 International Business Machines Corporation Method and apparatus for multi-environment speaker verification
US6345252B1 (en) * 1999-04-09 2002-02-05 International Business Machines Corporation Methods and apparatus for retrieving audio information using content and speaker information
US6434520B1 (en) * 1999-04-16 2002-08-13 International Business Machines Corporation System and method for indexing and querying audio archives
US20040024739A1 (en) * 1999-06-15 2004-02-05 Kanisa Inc. System and method for implementing a knowledge management system
US6778958B1 (en) * 1999-08-30 2004-08-17 International Business Machines Corporation Symbol insertion apparatus and method
US6624826B1 (en) * 1999-09-28 2003-09-23 Ricoh Co., Ltd. Method and apparatus for generating visual representations for audio documents
US6792409B2 (en) * 1999-12-20 2004-09-14 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Synchronous reproduction in a speech recognition system
US7146317B2 (en) * 2000-02-25 2006-12-05 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Speech recognition device with reference transformation means
US20020010575A1 (en) * 2000-04-08 2002-01-24 International Business Machines Corporation Method and system for the automatic segmentation of an audio stream into semantic or syntactic units
US6748356B1 (en) * 2000-06-07 2004-06-08 International Business Machines Corporation Methods and apparatus for identifying unknown speakers using a hierarchical tree structure
US6931376B2 (en) * 2000-07-20 2005-08-16 Microsoft Corporation Speech-related event notification system
US6922691B2 (en) * 2000-08-28 2005-07-26 Emotion, Inc. Method and apparatus for digital media management, retrieval, and collaboration
US20050060162A1 (en) * 2000-11-10 2005-03-17 Farhad Mohit Systems and methods for automatic identification and hyperlinking of words or other data items and for information retrieval using hyperlinked words or data items
US6714911B2 (en) * 2001-01-25 2004-03-30 Harcourt Assessment, Inc. Speech transcription and analysis system and method
US20030088414A1 (en) * 2001-05-10 2003-05-08 Chao-Shih Huang Background learning of speaker voices
US7171360B2 (en) * 2001-05-10 2007-01-30 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Background learning of speaker voices
US6973428B2 (en) * 2001-05-24 2005-12-06 International Business Machines Corporation System and method for searching, analyzing and displaying text transcripts of speech after imperfect speech recognition
US6708148B2 (en) * 2001-10-12 2004-03-16 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Correction device to mark parts of a recognized text
US20030167163A1 (en) * 2002-02-22 2003-09-04 Nec Research Institute, Inc. Inferring hierarchical descriptions of a set of documents
US20060129541A1 (en) * 2002-06-11 2006-06-15 Microsoft Corporation Dynamically updated quick searches and strategies
US7131117B2 (en) * 2002-09-04 2006-10-31 Sbc Properties, L.P. Method and system for automating the analysis of word frequencies
US6999918B2 (en) * 2002-09-20 2006-02-14 Motorola, Inc. Method and apparatus to facilitate correlating symbols to sounds

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040215588A1 (en) * 2003-04-08 2004-10-28 United Parcel Service Of America, Inc. Inbound package tracking systems and methods
WO2004092880A2 (en) * 2003-04-08 2004-10-28 United Parcel Service Of America, Inc. Inbound package tracking systems and methods
WO2004092880A3 (en) * 2003-04-08 2005-05-12 United Parcel Service Inc Inbound package tracking systems and methods
US7574447B2 (en) * 2003-04-08 2009-08-11 United Parcel Service Of America, Inc. Inbound package tracking systems and methods
US20050010231A1 (en) * 2003-06-20 2005-01-13 Myers Thomas H. Method and apparatus for strengthening the biomechanical properties of implants
US7231396B2 (en) * 2003-07-24 2007-06-12 International Business Machines Corporation Data abstraction layer for a database
US20050021533A1 (en) * 2003-07-24 2005-01-27 International Business Machines Corporation Data abstraction layer for a database
US20080201318A1 (en) * 2006-05-02 2008-08-21 Lit Group, Inc. Method and system for retrieving network documents
US7593940B2 (en) 2006-05-26 2009-09-22 International Business Machines Corporation System and method for creation, representation, and delivery of document corpus entity co-occurrence information
US20070276881A1 (en) * 2006-05-26 2007-11-29 Daniel Frederick Gruhl System and method for creation, representation, and delivery of document corpus entity co-occurrence information
US20070276830A1 (en) * 2006-05-26 2007-11-29 Daniel Frederick Gruhl System and method for creation, representation, and delivery of document corpus entity co-occurrence information
US7587407B2 (en) 2006-05-26 2009-09-08 International Business Machines Corporation System and method for creation, representation, and delivery of document corpus entity co-occurrence information
US20080222146A1 (en) * 2006-05-26 2008-09-11 International Business Machines Corporation System and method for creation, representation, and delivery of document corpus entity co-occurrence information
US20130060808A1 (en) * 2009-05-27 2013-03-07 International Business Machines Corporation Document processing method and system
US9043356B2 (en) * 2009-05-27 2015-05-26 International Business Machines Corporation Document processing method and system
US9058383B2 (en) 2009-05-27 2015-06-16 International Business Machines Corporation Document processing method and system
US20150052437A1 (en) * 2012-03-28 2015-02-19 Terry Crawford Method and system for providing segment-based viewing of recorded sessions
US9804754B2 (en) * 2012-03-28 2017-10-31 Terry Crawford Method and system for providing segment-based viewing of recorded sessions
US10203853B2 (en) * 2012-03-28 2019-02-12 Terry Crawford Method and system for providing segment-based viewing of recorded sessions

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US7337115B2 (en) 2008-02-26
US20110004576A1 (en) 2011-01-06
US20040024598A1 (en) 2004-02-05
US20040006576A1 (en) 2004-01-08
US20040024582A1 (en) 2004-02-05
US20040117188A1 (en) 2004-06-17
US7801838B2 (en) 2010-09-21
US20040024585A1 (en) 2004-02-05
US20040030550A1 (en) 2004-02-12
US20040006481A1 (en) 2004-01-08
US20040006748A1 (en) 2004-01-08
US7290207B2 (en) 2007-10-30
US20040006737A1 (en) 2004-01-08
US8001066B2 (en) 2011-08-16

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Baroni et al. The WaCky wide web: a collection of very large linguistically processed web-crawled corpora
Jones et al. A transaction log analysis of a digital library
US8275785B2 (en) Method and apparatus for enhancing electronic reading by identifying relationships between sections of electronic text
US8751498B2 (en) Finding and disambiguating references to entities on web pages
US6256631B1 (en) Automatic creation of hyperlinks
US7783668B2 (en) Search system and method
EP0979470B1 (en) Method and apparatus for searching a database of records
US6947930B2 (en) Systems and methods for interactive search query refinement
US6490579B1 (en) Search engine system and method utilizing context of heterogeneous information resources
US7660813B2 (en) Facility for highlighting documents accessed through search or browsing
KR101323187B1 (en) Methods of and systems for searching by incorporating user-entered information
CN101288046B (en) Identifying alternative spellings of search strings by analyzing self-corrective searching behaviors of users
US8204881B2 (en) Information search, retrieval and distillation into knowledge objects
US6044365A (en) System for indexing and retrieving graphic and sound data
US7096218B2 (en) Search refinement graphical user interface
EP0960376B1 (en) Text processing and retrieval system and method
EP0953920A2 (en) Method and/or systems for accessing information
US20080097985A1 (en) Information Access With Usage-Driven Metadata Feedback
US20170052929A1 (en) User interface for presentation of a document
US20120030226A1 (en) Systems and methods for using lexically-related query elements within a dynamic object for semantic search refinement and navigation
Kowalski et al. Information storage and retrieval systems: theory and implementation
JP3341988B2 (en) Index display method
US8977953B1 (en) Customizing information by combining pair of annotations from at least two different documents
US6353827B1 (en) Methods and/or systems for selecting data sets
US20040122846A1 (en) Fact verification system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: FLEET NATIONAL BANK, AS AGENT, MASSACHUSETTS

Free format text: PATENT & TRADEMARK SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:BBNT SOLUTIONS LLC;REEL/FRAME:014624/0196

Effective date: 20040326

Owner name: FLEET NATIONAL BANK, AS AGENT,MASSACHUSETTS

Free format text: PATENT & TRADEMARK SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:BBNT SOLUTIONS LLC;REEL/FRAME:014624/0196

Effective date: 20040326

AS Assignment

Owner name: BBNT SOLUTIONS LLC, MASSACHUSETTS

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:COLBATH, SEAN;BOISEN, SEAN;SHEPARD, SCOTT;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:017213/0287;SIGNING DATES FROM 20030618 TO 20030625

AS Assignment

Owner name: BBN TECHNOLOGIES CORP., MASSACHUSETTS

Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:BBNT SOLUTIONS LLC;REEL/FRAME:017274/0318

Effective date: 20060103

Owner name: BBN TECHNOLOGIES CORP.,MASSACHUSETTS

Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:BBNT SOLUTIONS LLC;REEL/FRAME:017274/0318

Effective date: 20060103

STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION

AS Assignment

Owner name: BBN TECHNOLOGIES CORP. (AS SUCCESSOR BY MERGER TO

Free format text: RELEASE OF SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BANK OF AMERICA, N.A. (SUCCESSOR BY MERGER TO FLEET NATIONAL BANK);REEL/FRAME:023427/0436

Effective date: 20091026