US20040029861A1 - Use of pyridyl alkane, pyridyl alkene and/or pyridyl alkine acid amides in the treatment of tumors or for immunosuppression - Google Patents

Use of pyridyl alkane, pyridyl alkene and/or pyridyl alkine acid amides in the treatment of tumors or for immunosuppression Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20040029861A1
US20040029861A1 US10/208,253 US20825302A US2004029861A1 US 20040029861 A1 US20040029861 A1 US 20040029861A1 US 20825302 A US20825302 A US 20825302A US 2004029861 A1 US2004029861 A1 US 2004029861A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
ch
alkyl
especially
selected
yl
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10/208,253
Inventor
Elfi Biedermann
Max Hasmann
Roland Loser
Benno Rattel
Friedemann Reiter
Barbara Schein
Klaus Seibel
Klaus Vogt
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Klinge Pharma GmbH and Co
Original Assignee
Klinge Pharma GmbH and Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE19624668A priority Critical patent/DE19624668A1/en
Priority to DE19624668.7 priority
Priority to PCT/EP1997/003244 priority patent/WO1997048397A1/en
Priority to US09/216,482 priority patent/US6451816B1/en
Application filed by Klinge Pharma GmbH and Co filed Critical Klinge Pharma GmbH and Co
Priority to US10/208,253 priority patent/US20040029861A1/en
Publication of US20040029861A1 publication Critical patent/US20040029861A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07D401/00Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, having nitrogen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, at least one ring being a six-membered ring with only one nitrogen atom
    • C07D401/02Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, having nitrogen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, at least one ring being a six-membered ring with only one nitrogen atom containing two hetero rings
    • C07D401/12Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, having nitrogen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, at least one ring being a six-membered ring with only one nitrogen atom containing two hetero rings linked by a chain containing hetero atoms as chain links
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K31/00Medicinal preparations containing organic active ingredients
    • A61K31/33Heterocyclic compounds
    • A61K31/395Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins
    • A61K31/435Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins having six-membered rings with one nitrogen as the only ring hetero atom
    • A61K31/44Non condensed pyridines; Hydrogenated derivatives thereof
    • A61K31/4427Non condensed pyridines; Hydrogenated derivatives thereof containing further heterocyclic ring systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K31/00Medicinal preparations containing organic active ingredients
    • A61K31/33Heterocyclic compounds
    • A61K31/395Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins
    • A61K31/435Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins having six-membered rings with one nitrogen as the only ring hetero atom
    • A61K31/44Non condensed pyridines; Hydrogenated derivatives thereof
    • A61K31/4427Non condensed pyridines; Hydrogenated derivatives thereof containing further heterocyclic ring systems
    • A61K31/4439Non condensed pyridines; Hydrogenated derivatives thereof containing further heterocyclic ring systems containing a five-membered ring with nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. omeprazole
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K31/00Medicinal preparations containing organic active ingredients
    • A61K31/33Heterocyclic compounds
    • A61K31/395Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins
    • A61K31/435Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins having six-membered rings with one nitrogen as the only ring hetero atom
    • A61K31/44Non condensed pyridines; Hydrogenated derivatives thereof
    • A61K31/4427Non condensed pyridines; Hydrogenated derivatives thereof containing further heterocyclic ring systems
    • A61K31/444Non condensed pyridines; Hydrogenated derivatives thereof containing further heterocyclic ring systems containing a six-membered ring with nitrogen as a ring heteroatom, e.g. amrinone
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K31/00Medicinal preparations containing organic active ingredients
    • A61K31/33Heterocyclic compounds
    • A61K31/395Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins
    • A61K31/435Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins having six-membered rings with one nitrogen as the only ring hetero atom
    • A61K31/44Non condensed pyridines; Hydrogenated derivatives thereof
    • A61K31/445Non condensed piperidines, e.g. piperocaine
    • A61K31/4523Non condensed piperidines, e.g. piperocaine containing further heterocyclic ring systems
    • A61K31/4545Non condensed piperidines, e.g. piperocaine containing further heterocyclic ring systems containing a six-membered ring with nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. pipamperone, anabasine
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K31/00Medicinal preparations containing organic active ingredients
    • A61K31/33Heterocyclic compounds
    • A61K31/395Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins
    • A61K31/435Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins having six-membered rings with one nitrogen as the only ring hetero atom
    • A61K31/47Quinolines; Isoquinolines
    • A61K31/4709Non-condensed quinolines and containing further heterocyclic rings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K31/00Medicinal preparations containing organic active ingredients
    • A61K31/33Heterocyclic compounds
    • A61K31/395Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins
    • A61K31/435Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins having six-membered rings with one nitrogen as the only ring hetero atom
    • A61K31/47Quinolines; Isoquinolines
    • A61K31/472Non-condensed isoquinolines, e.g. papaverine
    • A61K31/4725Non-condensed isoquinolines, e.g. papaverine containing further heterocyclic rings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K31/00Medicinal preparations containing organic active ingredients
    • A61K31/33Heterocyclic compounds
    • A61K31/395Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins
    • A61K31/495Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins having six-membered rings with two or more nitrogen atoms as the only ring heteroatoms, e.g. piperazine or tetrazines
    • A61K31/505Pyrimidines; Hydrogenated pyrimidines, e.g. trimethoprim
    • A61K31/519Pyrimidines; Hydrogenated pyrimidines, e.g. trimethoprim ortho- or peri-condensed with heterocyclic rings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K31/00Medicinal preparations containing organic active ingredients
    • A61K31/33Heterocyclic compounds
    • A61K31/395Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins
    • A61K31/535Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins having six-membered rings with at least one nitrogen and one oxygen as the ring hetero atoms, e.g. 1,2-oxazines
    • A61K31/53751,4-Oxazines, e.g. morpholine
    • A61K31/53771,4-Oxazines, e.g. morpholine not condensed and containing further heterocyclic rings, e.g. timolol
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K31/00Medicinal preparations containing organic active ingredients
    • A61K31/33Heterocyclic compounds
    • A61K31/395Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins
    • A61K31/55Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins having seven-membered rings, e.g. azelastine, pentylenetetrazole
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K31/00Medicinal preparations containing organic active ingredients
    • A61K31/33Heterocyclic compounds
    • A61K31/395Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins
    • A61K31/55Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins having seven-membered rings, e.g. azelastine, pentylenetetrazole
    • A61K31/553Heterocyclic compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. guanethidine, rifamycins having seven-membered rings, e.g. azelastine, pentylenetetrazole having at least one nitrogen and one oxygen as ring hetero atoms, e.g. loxapine, staurosporine
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K31/00Medicinal preparations containing organic active ingredients
    • A61K31/66Phosphorus compounds
    • A61K31/675Phosphorus compounds having nitrogen as a ring hetero atom, e.g. pyridoxal phosphate
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07D401/00Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, having nitrogen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, at least one ring being a six-membered ring with only one nitrogen atom
    • C07D401/14Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, having nitrogen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, at least one ring being a six-membered ring with only one nitrogen atom containing three or more hetero rings
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07D405/00Heterocyclic compounds containing both one or more hetero rings having oxygen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, and one or more rings having nitrogen as the only ring hetero atom
    • C07D405/14Heterocyclic compounds containing both one or more hetero rings having oxygen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, and one or more rings having nitrogen as the only ring hetero atom containing three or more hetero rings
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07D409/00Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, at least one ring having sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms
    • C07D409/14Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, at least one ring having sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms containing three or more hetero rings
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07D413/00Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, at least one ring having nitrogen and oxygen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms
    • C07D413/02Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, at least one ring having nitrogen and oxygen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms containing two hetero rings
    • C07D413/12Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, at least one ring having nitrogen and oxygen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms containing two hetero rings linked by a chain containing hetero atoms as chain links
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07D451/00Heterocyclic compounds containing 8-azabicyclo [3.2.1] octane, 9-azabicyclo [3.3.1] nonane, or 3-oxa-9-azatricyclo [3.3.1.0<2,4>] nonane ring systems, e.g. tropane or granatane alkaloids, scopolamine; Cyclic acetals thereof
    • C07D451/02Heterocyclic compounds containing 8-azabicyclo [3.2.1] octane, 9-azabicyclo [3.3.1] nonane, or 3-oxa-9-azatricyclo [3.3.1.0<2,4>] nonane ring systems, e.g. tropane or granatane alkaloids, scopolamine; Cyclic acetals thereof containing not further condensed 8-azabicyclo [3.2.1] octane or 3-oxa-9-azatricyclo [3.3.1.0<2,4>] nonane ring systems, e.g. tropane; Cyclic acetals thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07D491/00Heterocyclic compounds containing in the condensed ring system both one or more rings having oxygen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms and one or more rings having nitrogen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, not provided for by groups C07D451/00 - C07D459/00, C07D463/00, C07D477/00 or C07D489/00
    • C07D491/02Heterocyclic compounds containing in the condensed ring system both one or more rings having oxygen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms and one or more rings having nitrogen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, not provided for by groups C07D451/00 - C07D459/00, C07D463/00, C07D477/00 or C07D489/00 in which the condensed system contains two hetero rings
    • C07D491/04Ortho-condensed systems
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07FACYCLIC, CARBOCYCLIC OR HETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING ELEMENTS OTHER THAN CARBON, HYDROGEN, HALOGEN, OXYGEN, NITROGEN, SULFUR, SELENIUM OR TELLURIUM
    • C07F9/00Compounds containing elements of Groups 5 or 15 of the Periodic System
    • C07F9/02Phosphorus compounds
    • C07F9/547Heterocyclic compounds, e.g. containing phosphorus as a ring hetero atom
    • C07F9/553Heterocyclic compounds, e.g. containing phosphorus as a ring hetero atom having one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom
    • C07F9/576Six-membered rings
    • C07F9/59Hydrogenated pyridine rings

Abstract

The invention relates to the use of pharmacologically valuable pyridyl alkane, pyridyl alkene and/or pyridyl alkine acid amides according to general formula (I) in the treatment of tumors or for immunosuppression.
Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00001

Description

  • The invention relates to the use of pyridyl aklane, pyridyl alkene and/or pyridyl alkine acid amides, especially in the treatment of tumor conditions and/or as cytostatic agents or as immunosuppressive agents as well as medicaments with an amount of these compounds in combination with other cytostatic agents or immunosuppresive agents. [0001]
  • A strong need exists for the enrichment of cytostatic therapy to provide pharmaceuticals and/or medicaments which not only possess a strong activity, but also exert diminished side effects in comparison to many classical cancerostatic agents, whereby treatment of a broad as possible spectrum of tumors should be made accessible. Furthermore, effective cytostatic agents for an efficient therapy should be made available. Active ingredients of this type should also be exceptionally suitable in the mentioned indications for a combination therapy, be it in connection with other cytostatic agents or with radiation (for example X-rays, radioactive elements, such as cobalt, or linear accelerator, etc.), with operative procedures, heat treatment, etc. As a consequence, further subject-matter of the invention relates to new medicaments in the form of combinations of the compounds defined below and used according to the invention together with other compounds or immunosuppressive agents customary in the therapy of tumors. [0002]
  • In this connection, a strong need also exists in tumor therapy to open up new possibilities which were not usable up to now in these indications, for example for overcoming or preventing resistances. [0003]
  • This object was successfully solved in a completely suprising manner by making available the specially structured pyridyl derivatives defined below. [0004]
  • It was known that various pyridine compounds substituted in a specific manner have pharmacologically useful properties which lie however in completely different indication areas. [0005]
  • Thus, ω-pyridyl alkane and/or alkene amides with anti-allergic activity are described in EP 0 210 782 which are referred to as having a 5-lipoxygenase-inhibiting and anti-histamine action, wherein the amide components of these compounds contain a piperizine or homopiperizine ring and the pyridine ring can be linked together in the 2-, 3- or 4-position. JP 63,179,869 describes further pyridyl amides, ω-pyridyl alkane and alkene amides as anti-allergic effective substances containing a substituted piperidine ring in the amine component. Such compounds with the same properties are mentioned in Chem. Pharm. Bull 37, 100-105 (1989) and in J. Med. Chem. 1989,583-593. [0006]
  • Pyridyl ureas, pyridyl thioureas and pyridyl carbonamides, wherein the amide portion is bound over an aryl substituted alkyl chain with a piperidine ring or piprazine ring, are described for example in EP-A-0 428 434 or in EP-A-0 512 902 as antagonists of the neurokinin receptor and subtance P. Furthermore, pyridyl(alkyl)carbonamides, pyridyl(alkyl)sulfonamides and analogous ureas, wherein the amide portion is bound over an alkyl chain with a piperidine ring are disclosed in EP-A-0 479 601 as active ingredients with anti-arrhythmic properties. [0007]
  • In WO 91/15 485, the production of pyridine-3,5-dicarboxylic acid esters and amides as well as their use for the treatment of tumor conditions is described. These compounds differ from the compounds according to the invention described below in very important structural features, for example by the dicarboxyl grouping on the pyridine ring or the absence of the hydrocarbon chain between the pyridine ring and the amide grouping. The compounds disclosed in WO 89/07 443 in the form of optically pure R(−)-Ni-guldipine and further analogous dihydropyridines with cytotoxic activity have larger structural differences. However, the compounds according to the invention unexpectedly possess a better activity and a wider spectrum of action despite the large structural differences. [0008]
  • Further structurally closely related compounds are represented by the antagonists of the histimine-H[0009] 1-receptor described in EP-A-0 343 307 which discloses a series of substituted piperidine derivatives without naming concrete examples for special 3-pyridyl substitutions.
  • EP-A-0 330 026 also discloses substituted piperidine derivatives with possible, generic pyridyl substitutions for which, however, merely a single concrete example is disclosed, namely (E)-3-(3-pyridyl)-N-[2-(1-benzylpiperidin-4-yl)ethyl]-2-propenamide hydrochloride. These compounds are distinguished by an anti-cholinesterase activity, an anti-amnesia activity as well as activities directed against hyperkinesia, senile demensia, mania and Alzheimer's disease. [0010]
  • In view of this art, the finding that the compounds according to the general formula (I) defined below have activities which make them particularly suitable in an excellent manner for the therapy of tumor illnesses was completely unexpected. Equally unexpected was the pharmacological finding that the compounds according to the invention also possess immunosuppressive properties besides cytostatic activity. [0011]
  • Considering the above-mentioned completely different known medical indications of known piperidine derivatives, such as neurokinin receptor antagonism, hyperkineses, amnesias, allergies, or rhythm disorders, the activity of the compounds used according to the invention with the structural modifications as they are defined below with respect to the present general formula, and the combinations according to the invention in the form of the detected excellent cytostatic or immunomodulatory activity with advantageous therapeutic properties was completely surprising for the person skilled in the art. [0012]
  • Pharmacological test results from which this conclusion must be drawn, as well as the concrete tumor indications and combination possibilities are detailed and illustrated in the last part of the description. [0013]
  • Therefore, subject-matter of the invention relates to the use of one or more compounds of formula (I) [0014]
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00002
  • wherein [0015]
  • R[0016] 1 is hydrogen, halogen, cyano, trifluoromethyl, hydroxy, benzyloxy,
  • aminocarbonyl, carboxy, phenyl, phenoxy, phenylthio, pyridyloxy, pyridylthio, [0017]
  • alkyl, especially C[0018] 1-C6-alkyl,
  • alkenyl, especially C[0019] 3-C6-alkenyl,
  • alkinyl, especially C[0020] 3-C6-alkinyl,
  • hydroxyalkyl, especially C[0021] 1-C6-hydroxyalkyl,
  • alkoxy, especially C[0022] 1-C6-alkoxy,
  • alkenyloxy, especially C[0023] 3-C6-alkenyloxy,
  • alkinyloxy, especially C[0024] 3-C6-alkinyloxy,
  • alkanoyloxy, especially C[0025] 1-C7-alkanoyloxy,
  • alkoxycarbonyloxy, especially C[0026] 2-C7-alkoxycarbonyloxy,
  • alkylthio, especially C[0027] 1-C6-alkylthio,
  • alkenylthio, especially C[0028] 3-C6-alkenylthio,
  • alkinylthio, especially C[0029] 3-C6-alkinylthio,
  • cycloalkyl, especially C[0030] 3-C8-cycloalkyl,
  • cycloalkytoxy, especially C[0031] 3-C8-cycloalkyloxy,
  • cycloalkylthio, especially C[0032] 3-C8-cycloalkylthio,
  • alkoxycarbonyl, especially C[0033] 2-C7-alkoxycarbonyl,
  • alkylaminocarbonyl, especially C[0034] 2-C7-alkylaminocarbonyl,
  • dialkylaminocarbonyl, especially C[0035] 3-C13-dialkylaminocarbonyl, or
  • NR[0036] 5R6, wherein
  • R[0037] 5 and
  • R[0038] 6 are selected independently of each other from hydrogen,
  • alkyl, especially C[0039] 1-C6-alkyl,
  • alkenyl, especially C[0040] 3-C6-alkenyl and
  • alkinyl, especially C[0041] 3-C6-alkinyl,
  • R[0042] 2 is hydrogen, halogen, cyano, hydroxy, trifluoromethyl, benzyloxy,
  • alkyl, especially C[0043] 1-C6-alkyl,
  • alkoxy, especially C[0044] 1-C6-alkoxy or
  • alkanoyloxy, especially C[0045] 1-C7-alkanoyloxy,
  • wherein R[0046] 1 and R2, if they are adjacent, optionally form a bridge which is selected from —(CH2)4—, —(CH═CH)2— and —CH2O—CR7R8—O—, wherein
  • R[0047] 7 and
  • R[0048] 8 are, independently of each other, hydrogen or alkyl, especially C1-C6-alkyl,
  • R[0049] 3 is hydrogen, halogen, alkyl, especially C1-C6-alkyl, trifluoromethyl or hydroxyalkyl, especially C1-C6-hdroxyalkyl and
  • R[0050] 4 is hydrogen, hydroxy, benzyloxy,
  • alkyl, especially C[0051] 1-C6-alkyl,
  • alkenyl, especially C[0052] 3-C6-alkenyl,
  • alkinyl, especially C[0053] 3-C6-alkinyl,
  • cycloalkyl, especially C[0054] 3-C6-cycloalkyl or
  • alkoxy, especially C[0055] 1-C6-alkoxy,
  • k is 0 or 1, [0056]
  • A is alkylene, especially C[0057] 1-C6-alkylene, which is optionally substituted once to three-fold by alkyl, especially C1-C3-alkyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, especially C1-C3-alkoxy, fluorine or phenyl, or
  • 1,2-cyclopropylene or [0058]
  • alkenylene with at least two C-atoms, especially C[0059] 2-C6-alkenylene, which is optionally substituted once to three-fold by C1-C3-alkyl, hydroxy, C1-C3-alkoxy, fluorine, cyano or phenyl,
  • alkadienylene with at least four C-atoms, especially C[0060] 4-C6-alkadienylene, which is optionally substituted once or twice by C1-C3-alkyl, fluorine, cyano or phenyl,
  • 1,3,5-hexatrienylene, which is optionally substutited by C[0061] 1-C3-alkyl, fluorine, cyano, or phenyl,
  • ethinylene or [0062]
  • alkylene with at least two C-atoms, especially C[0063] 2-C6-alkylene in which a methylene unit can be isosterically replaced by O, S, NR9, CO, SO or SO2, wherein the isosteric substitution, with the exception of ═CO, cannot be adjacent to the amide group and wherein
  • R[0064] 9 is selected from hydrogen, alkyl, especially C1-C6-alkyl, alkenyl, especially C3-C6-alkenyl, alkinyl, especially C3-C6-alkinyl, acyl, especially C1-C6-acyl or alkylsulfonyl, especially C1-C6-alkylsulfonyl,
  • D is selected from alkylene, especially C[0065] 1-C10-alkylene, optionally substituted once or twice by alkyl, especially C1-C6-alkyl, hydroxy, or alkoxy, especially C1-C6-alkoxy,
  • alkenylene with at least two C-atoms, especially C[0066] 2-C10-alkenylene, which is optionally substituted once or twice by alkyl, especially C1-C6-alkyl, hydroxy,
  • or alkoxy, especially C[0067] 1-C6-alkoxy, wherein the double bond can also be to ring E,
  • alkinylene with at least three C-atoms, especially C[0068] 3-C10-alkinylene, optionally substituted once or twice by alkyl, especially C1-C6-alkyl, hydroxy or alkoxy, especially C1-C6-alkoxy, and
  • alkylene, especially C[0069] 1-C10-alkylene, alkenylene with at least two C-atoms, especially C2-C10-alkenylene or alkinylene with at least three C-atoms, especially C3-C10-alkinylene, whereby one to three methylene units are each isosterically replaced by O, S, NR10, CO, SO or SO2 wherein
  • R[0070] 10 has the same meaning as
  • R[0071] 9 but is selected independently thereof,
  • E is selected from [0072]
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00003
  •  wherein the heterocyclic ring can also optionally have a double bond and [0073]
  • n and [0074]
  • p can be, independently of one another, 0, 1, 2 or 3, with the proviso that n+p<4 and [0075]
  • q is 2 or 3, [0076]
  • R[0077] 11 is hydrogen, alkyl, especially C1-C6-alkyl, hydroxy, hydroxymethyl, carboxy or alkoxycarbonyl with at least two C-atoms, especially C2-C7-alkoxycarbonyl and
  • R[0078] 12 is hydrogen, alkyl, especially C1-C6-alkyl or or an oxo group adjacent to the nitrogen atom, wherein
  • R[0079] 11 and R12 optionally together, form an alkylene bridge with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 C-atoms, especially a C1-C3-alkylene bridge under formation of a bicyclic ring system,
  • G is selected from hydrogen, [0080]
  • G1, G2, G3, G4 and G5, wherein [0081]
  • G[0082] 1 represents the residue
  • —(CH2)r—(CR14R15)s—R13  (G1)
  •  wherein [0083]
  • r is an integer from 1 to 3 or O and [0084]
  • s is 0 or 1, [0085]
  • R[0086] 13 is selected from hydrogen, alkyl, especially C1-C6-alkyl, alkenyl with at least three C-atoms, especially C3-C6-alkenyl, alkinyl with at least three C-atoms, especially C3-C6-alkinyl, cycloalkyl with at least three C-atoms, especially C3-C8-cycloalkyl,
  • saturated, five to seven membered heterocycles, which can contain one or two hetero-atoms from the group N and/or S and/or O, benzyl or phenyl, [0087]
  • monocyclic aromatic five or six-membered heterocycles, which can contain one to three hetero-atoms from the group N and/or S and/or O and are either bound directly or over a methylene group, [0088]
  • anellated bi- and tricyclic aromatic or partially hydrated carbocyclic ring systems with 8 to 16 ring atoms and at least one aromatic ring, wherein the linkage can occur either over an aromatic or a hydrated ring and either directly or over a methylene group, [0089]
  • anellated bi- and tricyclic aromatic or partially hydrated heterocyclic ring systems with 8 to 16 ring atoms and at least one aromatic ring, wherein one to three ring atoms can be selected from N and/or S and/or O and the linkage can occur either over an aromatic or a hydrated ring and either directly or over a methylene group, [0090]
  • R[0091] 14 has the same meaning as R13, but is selected independently thereof,
  • R[0092] 15 is selected from hydrogen, hydroxy, methyl, benzyl, phenyl,
  • monocyclic aromatic five- or six-membered heterocycles, which can contain one to three hetero-atoms selected from the group N and/or S and/or O and are either bound directly or over a methylene group, [0093]
  • anellated bi- and tricyclic aromatic or partially hydrated carbocyclic ring systems with 8 to 16 ring atoms and at least one aromatic ring, wherein the linkage can occur either over an aromatic or a hydrated ring and either directly or over a methylene group, [0094]
  • anellated bi- and tricyclic aromatic or partially hydrated heterocyclic ring systems with 8 to 16 ring atoms and at least one aromatic ring, wherein one to three ring atoms can be selected from N and/or S and/or O and the linkage can occur either over an aromatic or a hydrated ring and either directly or over a methylene group, [0095]
  • G2 is the residue [0096]
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00004
  •  wherein the substituents R[0097] 13 and R15 can have the above meaning or the grouping
  • NR13R15
  • can also be a nitrogen heterocycle bound over the nitrogen atom, selected from [0098]
  • saturated or unsaturated monocyclic, four- to eight-membered heterocycles, which, aside from the essential nitrogen atom, can optionally contain one or two further hetero-atoms selected from the group N and/or S and/or O, or [0099]
  • saturated or unsaturated bi- or tricyclic, anellated or bridged heterocycles with 8 to 16 ring atoms, which, aside from the essential nitrogen atom, can optionally contain one or two further hetero-atoms selected from the group N and/or S and/or O, [0100]
  • G3 is the residue [0101]
  • SO2—(CH2)rR13  (G3)
  •  and [0102]
  • G4 is the residue [0103]
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00005
  •  wherein [0104]
  • Ar[0105] 1 and Ar2 are selected independently from one another from phenyl, pyridyl or naphthyl and
  • G5 is the residue [0106]
  • COR16  (G5)
  •  wherein [0107]
  • R[0108] 16 is selected from trifluoromethyl, alkoxy, especially C1-C6-alkoxy, alkenyloxy, especially C3-C6-alkenyloxy, or benzyloxy,
  • wherein any aryl residues and/or aromatic ring systems in the substituents R[0109] 1, R2, R4, R13, R14, R15, R16, Ar1 and Ar2 and/or in the ring system —NR13R15 can be substituted independently from each other by one to three of the same or different residues which are selected from halogen, cyano, alkyl, especially C1-C6-alkyl, trifluoromethyl, cycloalkyl, especially C3-C8-cycloalkyl, phenyl, benzyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, especially C1-C6-alkoxy, alkoxy, substituted entirely or partially by fluorine, substituted alkoxy, especially C1-C6-alkoxy, benzyloxy, phenoxy, mercapto, alkylthio, especially C1-C6-alkylthio, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, especially C1-C6-alkoxycarbonyl, benzyloxycarbonyl, nitro, amino, monoalkylamino, especially mono-C1-C6-alkylamino, dialkylamino, especially di-(C1-C6-alkyl)-amino and methylenedioxy for two adjacent groups on the aromatic ring or ring system,
  • wherein each of the residues alkyl, alkenyl, alkinyl, hydroxyalkyl, alkoxy, alkenyloxy, alkinyloxy, alkanoyloxy, alkoxycarbonyl, alkoxycarbonyloxy, alkylthio, alkenylthio, alkinylthio, alkylene, acyl, alkylsulfonyl, alkenylene, alkinylene, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyloxy, alkoxycarbonyl, alkylaminocarbonyl or dialkylaminocarbonyl of the substituents R[0110] 1 to R14 can have 1 to 2 or 4, 6, 8, 10 or 12 C-atoms and/or 2 or 3 to 5, 7, 9, 11 or 13 and/or 15C-atoms or 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 or 15C-atoms depending on the structure, as well as
  • stereoisomers and/or mixtures thereof and pharmacologically acceptable [0111]
  • acid addition salts thereof [0112]
  • for the production of medicaments for cytostatic or immunomodulatory and/or immunosuppressive treatment. [0113]
  • A preferred embodiment according to the invention relates to the use of compounds of formula (I) [0114]
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00006
  • for the production of medicaments for the indications named above, wherein in the general formula (I) [0115]
  • R[0116] 1 is a hydrogen, halogen, cyano, C1-C6-alkyl, C3-C6-alkenyl, C3-C6-alkinyl, trifluoromethyl, C3-C8-cycloalkyl, C1-C6-hydroxyalkyl, hydroxy, C1-C6-alkoxy, C3-C6-alkenyloxy, C3-C6-alkinyloxy, benzyloxy, C1-C7-alkanoyloxy, C2-C7-alkoxycarbonyloxy, C1-C6-alkylthio, C3-C6-alkenylthio, C3-C6-alkinylthio, C3-Cg-cycloalkyloxy, C3-C8-cycloalkylthio, C2-C7-alkoxycarbonyl, aminocarbonyl, C2-C7-alkylaminocarbonyl, C3-C13-dialkylaminocarbonyl, carboxy, phenyl, phenoxy, phenylthio, pyridyloxy, pyridylthio, or NR5R6, wherein
  • R[0117] 5 and
  • R[0118] 6 are selected independently from each other from hydrogen, C1-C6-alkyl, C3-C6-alkenyl and C3-C6-alkinyl,
  • R[0119] 2 is hydrogen, halogen, cyano, C1-C6-alkyl, trifluoromethyl, hydroxy, C1-C6-alkoxy, benzyloxy or C1-C7-alkanoyloxy,
  • wherein R[0120] 1 and R2, in case they are adjacent, optionally form a bridge which is selected from the bridge members
  • —(CH[0121] 2)4— and —(CH═CH)2— and —CH2O—CR7R8—O—, wherein
  • R[0122] 7 and
  • R[0123] 8 are, independently from each other, hydrogen or C1-C6-alkyl,
  • R[0124] 3 is hydrogen, halogen, C1-C6-alkyl, trifluoromethyl or C1-C6-hydroxyalkyl and
  • R[0125] 4 is hydrogen, C1-C6-alkyl, C3-C6-alkenyl, C3-C6-alkinyl, C3-C6-cycloalkyl, hydroxy, C1-C6-alkoxy or benzyloxy,
  • k is 0 or 1, [0126]
  • A is C[0127] 1-C6-alkylene, which is optionally substituted once to three-fold by C1-C3-alkyl, hydroxy, C1-C3-alkoxy, fluorine or phenyl, or
  • 1,2-cyclopropylene or [0128]
  • C[0129] 2-C6-alkenylene, which is optionally substituted once to three-fold by C1-C3-alkyl, hydroxy, C1-C3-alkoxy, fluorine, cyano or phenyl,
  • C[0130] 4-C6-alkadienylene, which is optionally substituted once or twice by C1-C3-alkyl, fluorine, cyano or phenyl
  • 1,3,5-hexatrienylene, which is optionally substituted by C[0131] 1-C3-alkyl, fluorine, cyano or phenyl
  • ethynylene or [0132]
  • C[0133] 2-C6-alkylene, wherein a methylene unit can be isosterically replaced by O, S, NR9, CO, SO or SO2, wherein the isosteric substitution, with the exception of ═CO, cannot be adjacent to the amide group, and
  • R[0134] 9 is selected from hydrogen, C1-C6-alkyl, C3-C6-alkenyl, C3-C6-alkinyl, C1-C6-acyl or C1-C6-alkylsulfonyl,
  • D is selected from C[0135] 1-C10-alkylene, optionally substituted once or twice by C1-C6-alkyl, hydroxy, or C1-C6-alkoxy,
  • C[0136] 2-C10-alkenylene, which is optionally substituted once or twice by C1-C6-alkyl, hydroxy, or C1-C6-alkoxy, wherein the double bond can also be to ring E,
  • C[0137] 3-C10-alkinylene, optionally substituted once or twice by C1-C6-alkyl, hydroxy, or C1-C6-alkoxy, and
  • C[0138] 1-C10-alkylene, C2-C10-alkenylene or C3-C10-alkinylene, wherein one to three methylene units are each isosterically replaced by O, S, NR10, CO, SO or SO2, wherein
  • R[0139] 10 has the same meaning as R9, but is selected independently therefrom,
  • E is selected from [0140]
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00007
  •  wherein the heterocyclic ring can optionally have a double bond and [0141]
  • n and [0142]
  • p can be, independently of each other, 0, 1, 2 or 3, with the proviso that n+p≦4 and [0143]
  • q is 2 or 3, [0144]
  • R[0145] 11 is hydrogen, C1-C6-alkyl, hydroxy, hydroxymethyl, carboxy or C2-C7-alkoxycarbonyl and
  • R[0146] 12 hydrogen, C1-C6-alkyl or an oxo group adjacent to the nitrogen atom, wherein
  • R[0147] 11 and R12 optionally together form a C1-C3-alkylene bridge under formation of a bi-cyclic ring system,
  • G is selected from hydrogen, [0148]
  • G1, G2, G3, G4 and G5, wherein [0149]
  • G1 represents the residue [0150]
  • (CH2)r—(CR14R15)s—R13  (G1)
  • wherein [0151]
  • r is an integer from 1 to 3 or 0 and [0152]
  • s is 0 or 1, [0153]
  • R[0154] 13 is selected from hydrogen, C1-C6-alkyl, C3-C6-alkenyl, C3-C6-alkinyl, C3-C8-cycloalkyl,
  • saturated, five- to seven-membered heterocycles, which can contain one or two hetero-atoms from the group N and/or S and/or O, [0155]
  • benzyl or phenyl, [0156]
  • monocyclic aromatic five or six-membered heterocycles, which can contain one to three hetero-atoms from the group N and/or S and/or O and are either bound directly or over a methylene group, [0157]
  • anellated bi- and tricyclic aromatic or partially hydrated carbocyclic ring systems with 8 to 16 ring atoms and at least one aromatic ring, wherein the linkage can occur either over an aromatic or a hydrated ring and either directly, or over a methylene group, [0158]
  • anellated bi- and tricyclic aromatic or partially hydrated heterocyclic ring systems with 8 to 16 ring atoms and at least one aromatic ring, wherein one to three ring atoms can be selected from N and/or S and/or O and the linkage can occur either over an aromatic ring or a hydrated ring and either directly or over a methylene group, [0159]
  • R[0160] 14 has the same meaning as R13, but is selected independently thereof,
  • R[0161] 15 is selected from hydrogen, hydroxy, methyl, benzyl, phenyl,
  • monocyclic aromatic five- or six-membered heterocycles, which can contain one to three hetero-atoms selected from the group N and/or S and/or O and are either bound directly or over a methylene group, [0162]
  • anellated bi- and tricyclic aromatic or partially hydrated carbocyclic ring systems with 8 to 16 ring atoms and at least one aromatic ring, wherein the linkage can occur either over an aromatic or a hydrated ring and either directly or over a methylene group, [0163]
  • anellated bi- and tricyclic aromatic or partially hydrated heterocyclic ring systems with 8 to 16 ring atoms and at least one aromatic ring, wherein one to three ring atoms can be selected from N and/or S and/or O and the linkage can occur either over an aromatic ring or a hydrated ring and either directly or over a methylene group, [0164]
  • G2 is the residue [0165]
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00008
  •  wherein the substituents R[0166] 13 and R15 can have the above meaning or the grouping
  • NR13R15
  • can also be a nitrogen heterocycle bound over the nitrogen atom, selected from [0167]
  • saturated or unsaturated monocyclic, four- to eight-membered heterocycles, which, aside from the essential nitrogen atom, can optionally contain one or two further hetero-atoms selected from the group N and/or S and/or O, or [0168]
  • saturated or unsaturated bi- or tricyclic, anellated or bridged heterocycles with 8 to 16 ring atoms, which, aside from the essential nitrogen atom, can optionally contain one or two further hetero-atoms selected from the group N and/or S and/or O, [0169]
  • G3 is the residue [0170]
  • SO2—(CH2)rR13  (G3)
  •  and [0171]
  • G4 is the residue [0172]
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00009
  •  wherein [0173]
  • Ar[0174] 1 and Ar2 are selected independently from one another from phenyl, pyridyl or naphthyl and
  • G[0175] 5 is the residue
  • COR16  (G5)
  •  wherein [0176]
  • R[0177] 16 is selected from trifluoromethyl, C1-C6-alkoxy, C3-C6-alkenyloxy, or benzyloxy, and wherein
  • aromatic ring systems in the substituents R[0178] 1, R2, R4, R13, R14, R15, R16, Ar1 and Ar2 and/or in the ring system —NR13R15 can be substituted independently from each other by one to three of the same or different residues which are selected from halogen, cyano, C1-C6-alkyl, trifluoromethyl, C3-C8-Cycloalkyl, phenyl, benzyl, hydroxy, C1-C6-alkoxy, which can optionally be entirely or partially substituted by fluorine, benzyloxy, phenoxy, mercapto, C1-C6-alkylthio, carboxy, C1-C6-alkoxycarbonyl, benzyloxycarbonyl, nitro, amino, mono-C1-C6-alkylamino or di-(C1-C6-alkyl)-amino and methylenedioxy for two adjacent groups on the aromatic ring or ring system,
  • stereoisomers thereof and/or mixtures thereof and pharmacologically acceptable [0179]
  • acid addition salts. [0180]
  • A further preferred embodiment of the invention constitutes the use of compounds for the indications named above, which are distinguished in that substituents R[0181] 1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, R10, R13, R14, R15 and R16 as well as A and D indicated for formula (I) have the following meaning in connection with the given substitutions according to this formula
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00010
  • wherein [0182]
  • halogen is fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine, [0183]
  • C[0184] 1-C6-alkyl can be straight chain or branched and is preferably a methyl-, ethyl-, propyl-, isopropyl-, butyl-, isobutyl-, sec-butyl-, tert-butyl-, cyclopropylmethyl-, pentyl-, isopentyl-, tert-pentyl-, neopentyl-, cyclopropylethyl-, cyclobutylmethyl- or a hexyl group, alkylene is for example methylene, ethylene, propylene, tetramethylene, pentamethylene, hexamethylene, heptamethylene, octamethylene, nonamethylene or decamethylene,
  • C[0185] 3-C6-alkenyl can be straight chain or branched and is preferably an allyl-, 2-butenyl-, 3-butenyl-, 2-methyl-2-propenyl-, 2-pentenyl-, 4-pentenyl-, 2-methyl-2-butenyl-, 3-methyl-2-butenyl-, 2-hexenyl-, 5-hexenyl-, 4-methyl-3-pentenyl- or 2,2-dimethyl-3-butenyl group,
  • alkenylene is for example ethenylene, propenylene, butenylene, pentenylene, hexenylene, hexathenylene, heptenylene, octenylene, nonenylene or decenylene, [0186]
  • C[0187] 3-C6-alkinyl can be straight chain or branched and is preferably a propargyl-, 2-butinyl-, 3-butinyl-, 4-pentinyt-, 5-hexinyl- or 4-methyl-2-pentinyl group,
  • alkinylene is for example propinylene, butinylene, pentinylene, hexinylene, heptinylene, octinylene, noninylene or decinylene, [0188]
  • C[0189] 3-C8-cyloalkyl is preferably cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cycloheptyl or cyclooctyl,
  • C[0190] 1-C6-hydroxyalkyl contains a hydroxyl group in one of the above-named C1-C6-alkyl residues, especially in the form of the hydroxymethyl- and hydroxyethyl group, wherein
  • C[0191] 1-C6-alkoxy, C3-C6-alkenyloxy, C3-C6-aklinyloxy each contain, aside from the oxygen atom, one of the C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C6-alkenyl- and/or C3-C6-alkinyl groups named above and the methoxy-, ethoxy-, isopropoxy-, tert-butoxy-, allyloxy- and propargyloxy group are preferred and is to be understood as among C1-C6-alkoxy entirely or partially substituted with fluorine, for example difluormethoxy, trifluormethoxy or 2,2,2-trifluorethoxy,
  • C[0192] 1-C6-alkylthio, C3-C6-alkenylthio, C3-C6-alkinylthio each contain, aside from the sulfur atom, one of the C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C6-alkenyl- or C3-C6-alkinyl group named above, especially the methylthio-, ethylthio-, isopropylthio- and tert-butylthio groups,
  • C[0193] 3-C8-cycloalkyloxy and C3-C8-cydoalkylthio are preferred as cyclopentyloxy- and cyclopentylthio- and/or cylohexyloxy- and cyclohexylthio groups,
  • C[0194] 1-C7-alkanoyloxy groups contain, aside from the oxygen atom, an aliphatic acyl residue with 1 to 7 carbon atoms, especially the acetoxy-, propionyloxy- and pivaloyloxy group,
  • C[0195] 2-C7-alkoxycarbonyl groups contain, aside from the carbonyl group, one of the C1-C6-alkoxy groups mentioned above, especially the methoxycarbonyl-, ethoxycarbonyl-, isopropoxycarbonyl-, isobutoxycarbonyl-and tert-butoxycarbonyl group,
  • C[0196] 2-C7-alkoxycarbonyloxy groups contain, aside from the oxygen atom, one of the C2-C7-alkoxycarbonyl residues mentioned above, especially the methoxycarbonyloxy-, ethoxycarbonyloxy-, isopropoxycarbonyloxy-, isobutoxycarbonyloxy-and tert-butoxycarbonyl group as well as the allyloxycarbonyloxy group,
  • C[0197] 2-C7-alkylaminocarbonyl and C3-C13-dialkylaminocarbonyl groups contain, beside the carbonyl group, an alkylamino- and/or dialkylamino residue, whose C1-C6-alkyl groups have the above meanings, wherein the dimethylaminocarbonyl-, diethylaminocarbonyl- and the diisopropylatninocarbonyl groups are preferred, and aside from the unsubstituted amino group, one of the following C1-C6-alkylamino groups and/or di-(C1-C6-alkyl)amino groups are to be understood under the amino groups of the formula NR5R6,
  • C[0198] 1-C6-alkylamino contains one of the C1-C6-alkyl groups mentioned above, especially in form of the methylamino-, ethylamino-, propylamino-, isopropylamino-, butylamino- and the tert-butylamino group,
  • di-(C[0199] 1-C6-alkyl)amino carries two of the same or different of the above named C1-C6-alkyl groups on the nitrogen atom, especially in form of the dimethylamino-, diethylamino-, dipropylamino-, diisopropylamino-, isopropylmethylamino-, dibutylamino- or tert-butylmethylamino group,
  • C[0200] 1-C6-acyl is the residue of an aliphatic saturated or unsaturated, straight chain, branched or cyclic carboxylic acid, especially in form of the formyl-, acetyl-, propionyl-, acryloyl-, butyryl-, isobutyryl-, methacryloyl-, cyclopropylcarbonyl-, pentanoyl-, pivaloyl-, cyclobutylcarbonyl-, hexanoyl- and the dimethylacryloyl group,
  • C[0201] 1-C6-alkansulfonyl is preferably the methanesulfonyl-, ethanesulfonyl-, propanesulfonyl-, butanesulfonyl-, pentanesulfonyl- and the hexanesulfonyl group, saturated five- to seven-membered heterocycles with one or two hetero-atoms are especially tetrahydrofuryl, tetrahydrothienyl, pyrrolidinyl, tetrahydropyranyl, piperidinyl, hexahydroazepinyl, piperazinyl, hexahydrodiazepinyl or morpholinyl,
  • monocyclic aromatic five- or six-membered heterocycles with one to three hetero-atoms are especially furyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, thiazolyl, isothiazolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, triazolyl, pyridyl, pyrazinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrimidinyl or triazinyl, [0202]
  • anellated bi- and tricyclic aromatic or partially hydrated carbocyclc ring systems with 8 to 16 ring atoms and at least one aromatic ring are preferably benzocyclobutyl, indanyl, indenyl, naphthyl, dihydronaphthyl, tetrahydronaphthyl, biphenylenyl, fluorenyl, anthryl, dihydroanthryl, phenanthryl, dihydrophenanthryl, dibenzocycloheptenyl, dihydrodibenzocycloheptenyl, dihydrodibenzocyclooctenyl or tetrahydrodibenzocyclooctenyl, wherein mono- or dioxo-derivates, wherein the residues of indanone, tetralone, anthrone, anthraquinone, fluorenone, phenanthrone, dibenzocycloheptenone, dihydrodibenzocycloheptenone or tetrahydrodibenzocyclooctenone are for example also to be understood as partially hydrated carbocyclic ring systems, [0203]
  • anellated bi- and tricyclische aromatic or partially hydrated heterocyclic ring systems with 8 to 16 ring atoms and at least one aromatic ring are, for example, imidazothiazolyl, benzofuryl, dihydrobenzofuryl, benzothienyl, dihydrobenzothienyl, indolyl, indolinyl, benzimidazolyl, indazolyl, benzoxazolyl, benzisoxazolyl, benzothiazolyl, benzoisothiazolyl, benzofurazanyl, benzothiadiazolyl, benzotriazolyl, oxazolopyridyl, thiazolopyridyl, isothiazolopyridyl, imidazopyridyl, pyrazolopyridyl, thienopyrimidinyl, chromanyl, benzopyranyl, quinolyl, isoquinolyl, dihydroquinolyl, tetrahydroquinolyl, benzodioxanyl, quinoxalinyl, quinazolinyl, naphthyridinyl, carbazolyl, tetrahydrocarbazolyl, pyridoindolyl, acridinyl, phenothiazinyl, dihydrodibenzoxepinyl, benzocycloheptathienyl, dihydrothienobenzothiepinyl, dihydrodibenzothiepinyl, octahydrodibenzothiepinyl, dihydrodibenzazepinyl, octahydrodibenzazepinyl, benzocycloheptapyridyl, dihydropyridobenzodiazepinyl, dihydrodibenzoxazepinyl, dihydropyridobenzoxepinyl, dihydropyridobenzoxazepinyl, dihydrodibenzothiazepinyl or dihydropyridobenzothiazepinyl, wherein their mono- or dioxo-derivates and/or optionally their possible tautomeres are also to be understood as partially hydrated heterocyclic ring systems, for example, the residues of indolinone, isatin, benzoxazolone and/or its tautomeres hydroxybenzoxazol, of benzisoxazolone, benzothiazolone, benzoisothiazolone and benzimidazolone and/or their tautomeres, hydroxybenzisoxazol, hydroxybenzothiazol, hydroxybenzoisothiazol and hydroxybenzimidazol, of indazolinone, of oxazolopyridinone, thiazolopyridinones, pyrazolopyridinones and imidazopyridinones and/or their tautomeres hydroxyoxazolopyridine, hydroxythiazolopyridines, hydroxypyrazolopyridines and hydroxyimidazopyridines, the residues of chromanone, chromone, quinolinone, dihydroquinolinone, tetrahydrocarbazolone, acridone, of dihydrodibenzoxepinones, benzocycloheptathiophenones, dihydrothienobenzothiepinones, dihydrodibenzothiepinones, dihydrodibenzoazepinones, benzocycloheptapyridinones, dihydropyridobenzoxazepinones, dihydrodibenzothiazepinones and of dihydropyridobenzothiazepinones, [0204]
  • saturated and unsaturated monocyclic, four- to eight-membered heterocycles are —NR[0205] 13R15 as a grouping which, aside from the essential nitrogen atom, can optionally contain one or two further betero-atoms selected from N and/or S and/or O, for example azetidine, pyrrolidine, piperidine, (1H)tetrahydropyridine, hexahydroazepine, (1H)tetrahydroazepine, octahydroazocine, pyrazolidine, piperazine, hexahydrodiazepine, morpholine, hexahydrooxazepine, thiomorpholine or thiomorpholine-1,1-dioxide, saturated or unsaturated bi- or tricyclic, anellated or bridged heterocycles with 8 to 16 ring atoms, represent —NR3R15 as a grouping which, aside from the essential nitrogen atom optionally contain one or two further hetero-atoms, selected from N and/or S and/or O, for example 5-aza-bicyclo[2.1.1]hexane, 2-azabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane, 7-aza-bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane, 2,5-diaza-bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane, 2-aza-bicyclo[2.2.2]octane, 8-aza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane, 2,5-diaza-bicyclo[2.2.2]octane, 9-aza-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonane, indoline, isoindoline, (1H)-dihydroquinoline, (1H)-tetrahydroquinoline, (2H)-tetrahydroisoquinoline, (1H)-tetrahydroquinoxaline, (4H)-dihydrobenzoxazine, (4H)-dihydrobenothiazine, (1H)-tetrahydrobenzo[b]azepine, (1H)-tetrahydrobenzo[c]azepine, (1H)-tetrahydrobenzo[d]azepine, (5H)-tetrahydrobenzo[b]oxazepine, (SH)-tetrahydrobenzo[b]thiazepine, 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-9H-pyrido[3,4-blindol, (10H)-dihydroacridine, 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroacridanone, (10H)phenoxazin, (10H)phenothiazine, (5H)-dibenzazepine, (5H)-dihydrodibenzazepine, (5H)-octahydrodibenzazepine, (5H)-dihydrodibenzodiazepine, (11H)-dihydrodibenzo[b,e]oxazepine, (11H)-dihydrodibenzo[b,e]thiazepine, (10H)-dihydrodibenzo[b,f]oxazepine, (10H)-dihydrodibenzo[b,f]thiazepine or (SH)-tetrahydrodibenzazocine, as well as optionally possible
  • tautomeres in the case of substitution of the heterocycle as such or in an anellated ring system by free hydroxy-, mercapto- and/or amino groups, and their [0206]
  • stereoisomers such as, if applicable, cis/trans-isomers, endo/exo-isomers, optic isomers such as enantiomers, diastereomers as pure isomers or mixtures and/or racemic mixtures as well as the pharmacologically acceptable acid addition salts with inorganic or organic acids, wherein the hydrochlorides, hydrobromides, hydroiodides, sulfates and phosphates, are preferred as addition salts with suitable inorganic acids and acetates, benzoates, 4-methoxybenzoate, 2- or 4-hydroxybenzoate, 4-chlorobenzoate, ascorbate, salicylate, formiate, glutarate, tricarballylate, citrates, fumarates, gluconates, malates, maleates, methanesulfonates, lactates, oxalates, succinates, tartrates and toluolsulfonates, for example p-toluolsulfonate are preferred as addition salts of organic acids. [0207]
  • The use of compounds in which the substitutents labelled in formula (I) [0208]
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00011
  • have the following meanings, are especially preferred: [0209]
  • R[0210] 1 is hydrogen, halogen, cyano, C1-C6-alkyl, trifluoromethyl, C3-C8-cycloallyl, C1-C4-hydroxyalkyl, hydroxy, C1-C4-alkoxy, benzyloxy, C1-C4-alkanoyloxy, C1-C4-alkylthio, C2-C5-alkoxycarbonyl, aminocarbonyl, C3-C9-dialkylaminocarbonyl, carboxy, phenyl, phenoxy, pyridyloxy or NR5R6, wherein
  • R[0211] 5 and
  • R[0212] 6 are selected independently from each other form hydrogen and C1-C6-alkyl,
  • R[0213] 2 is hydrogen, halogen, C1-C6-alkyl, trifluoromethyl or hydroxy, wherein
  • R[0214] 1 and R2, in the case they are adjacent, optionally form a bridge which are selected from the group of bridge members —(CH2)4— and —(CH═CH)2— and —CH2O—CR7R8—O—, wherein
  • R[0215] 7 and
  • R[0216] 8 can be, independently from each other, hydrogen and C1-C6-alkyl,
  • R[0217] 3 is selected from hydrogen, halogen and C1-C6-alkyl and
  • R[0218] 4 is selected from hydrogen, C1-C6-alkyl, C3-C6-alkenyl, hydroxy, C1-C6-alkoxy and benzyloxy,
  • k is 0 or 1, [0219]
  • A is C[0220] 1-C6-alkylene, which is optionally substituted once to three-fold by C1-C3-alkyl, hydroxy, fluorine or phenyl,
  • 1,2-cyclopropylene, C[0221] 2-C6-alkenylene, which is optionally substituted one to three-fold by C1-C3-alkyl, hydroxy, fluorine, cyano, or phenyl,
  • C[0222] 4-C6-alkadienylene, which is optionally substituted once or twice by C1-C3-alkyl, fluorine, cyano, or phenyl,
  • 1,3,5-hexatrienylene, which is optionally substituted by C[0223] 1-C3-alkyl, fluorine, or cyano,
  • ethinylene or [0224]
  • C[0225] 2-C6-alkylene, wherein a methylene unit can be isosterically replaced by O, S, NR9, CO, SO or SO2, and wherein the isosteric substitute, with the exception of ═CO, cannot be adjacent to the amide group, and wherein
  • R[0226] 9 is hydrogen, C1-C3-alkyl, C1-C6-acyl or methanesulfonyl,
  • D is selected from C[0227] 1-C10-alkylene, which is optionally substituted once or twice by C1-C3-alkyl or hydroxy,
  • C[0228] 2-C10-alkenylene, optionally substituted once or twice by C1-C3-alkyl or hydroxy, wherein the double bond can also be to ring E or
  • C[0229] 3-C10-alkinylene, which is optionally substituted once or twice by C1-C3-alkyl or hydroxy, and can be selected as well from
  • C[0230] 1-C10-alkylene, C2-C10-alkenylene or C3-C10-alkinylene, in which one to three methylene units are isosterically replaced by O, S, NR10, CO, SO or SO2, wherein
  • R[0231] 10 has the same meaning as R9, but is selected independently therefrom,
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00012
  • wherein the heterocyclic ring can optionally have a double bond and [0232]
  • n and p can be, independent of each other, 0, 1, 2 or 3, with the proviso that n+p<4, [0233]
  • q is 2 or 3, [0234]
  • R[0235] 11 is selected from hydrogen, C1-C3-alkyl, hydroxcy, hydroxymethyl, carboxy or C2-C7-alkoxycarbonyl and
  • R[0236] 12 is selected from hydrogen or an oxo group adjacent to the nitrogen atom,
  • G is selected from hydrogen, [0237]
  • G1, G2, G3, G4 and G5, wherein [0238]
  • G1 represents the residue [0239]
  • —(CH2)r—(CR14R15)s—R13  (G1)
  •  wherein [0240]
  • r is 0, 1 or 2 and [0241]
  • s is 0 or 1, [0242]
  • R[0243] 13 is selected from hydrogen, C1-C6-alkyl, C3-C6-alkenyl, C3-C6-alkinyl, C3-C8-cycloalkyl,
  • benzyl, phenyl, [0244]
  • monocyclic aromatic five- or six-membered heterocycles, which contain one to three hetero-atoms from the group N and/or S and/or O and are either bound directly or over a methylene group, [0245]
  • anellated bi- and tricyclic aromatic or partially hydrated carbocyclic ring systems with 8 to 16 ring atoms and at least one aromatic ring, whereby the bond can occur either over an aromatic or a hydrated ring and either directly or over a methylene group, [0246]
  • anellated bi- and tricyclic aromatic or partially hydrated heterocyclic ring systems with 8 to 16 ring atoms and at least one aromatic ring, wherein one to three ring atoms can be selected from the groups N and/or S and/or O and the bond can occur either over an aromatic or a hydrated ring and either directly or over a methylene group, [0247]
  • R[0248] 14 has the same meaning as R13, but is selected independently thereof,
  • R[0249] 15 is selected from hydrogen, hydroxy, methyl, benzyl or phenyl,
  • monocyclic aromatic five- or six-membered heterocycles, which can contain one to three hetero-atoms selected from the group N and/or S and/or O and are bound either directly or over a methylene group, [0250]
  • anellated bi- and tricyclic aromatic or partially hydrated carbocyclic ring systems with 8 to 16 ring atoms and at least einem aromatic ring, wherein the bond can occur either over an aromatic or a hydrated ring and either directly or over a methylene group, [0251]
  • anellated bi- and tricyclic aromatic or partially hydrated heterocyclic ring systems with 8 to 16 ring atoms and at least one aromatic ring, wherein one to three ring atoms can be selected from the group N and/or S and/or O and the bond can occur either over an aromatic or a hydrated ring and either directly or over a methylene group, [0252]
  • G2 is selected from the residues [0253]
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00013
  •  wherein the substituents R[0254] 13 and R15 the can have the above meaning, or the grouping
  • NR13R15
  • can also be a nitrogen heterocycle bound over the nitrogen atom, selected from [0255]
  • saturated or unsaturated monocyclic, four- to eight-membered heterocycles, which, aside from the essential nitrogen atom, can optionally contain one or two further hetero-atoms selected from N and/or S and/or O, or [0256]
  • saturated or unsaturated bi- or tricyclic, anellated or bridged heterocycles with 8 to 16 ring atoms, which, aside from the essential nitrogen atom, can optionally contain one or two further hetero-atoms selected from N and/or S and/or O, [0257]
  • G3 is the residue [0258]
  • —SO2—(CH2)r R13  (G3),
  • G4 is the residue [0259]
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00014
  • wherein [0260]
  • Ar[0261] 1 and
  • Ar[0262] 2 are selected independently of each other from phenyl, pyridyl or naphthyl,
  • G5 is the residue [0263]
  • —COR16  (G5)
  • wherein [0264]
  • R[0265] 16 is trifluoromethyl, C1-C6-alkoxy, C3-C6-alkenyloxy or benzyloxy and
  • aromatic ring systems in which the substituents R[0266] 1, R2, R4, R13, R14, R15, R16, Ar1 and Ar2 and/or in the ring system —NR13R15 can carry independently of each other one to three of the same or different substituents from the series halogen, cyano, C1-C6-alkyl, trifluoromethyl, C3-C8-cycloalkyl, phenyl, benzyl, hydroxy, C1-C6-alkoxy, which is optionally entirely or partially substituted by fluorine, benzyloxy, phenoxy, mercapto, C1-C6-alkylthio, carboxy, C1-C6-alkoxycarbonyl, benzyloxycarbonyl, nitro, amino, mono-C1-C6-alkylamino, di-(C1-C6-alkyl)-amino, wherein two adjacent groups on the aromatic ring or ring system can form an additional ring over a methylenedioxy bridge.
  • The use of compounds in which the substiutents labelled in formula (I) [0267]
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00015
  • have the following meanings are particularly preferred: [0268]
  • R[0269] 1 is hydrogen, halogen, cyano, methyl, trifluoromethyl, hydroxy, C1-C4-alkoxy, ethylthio, methoxycarbonyl, tert-butoxycarbonyl, aminocarbonyl, carboxy, and phenoxy,
  • R[0270] 2 is hydrogen, halogen, trifluoromethyl or hydroxy,
  • R[0271] 3 is hydrogen or halogen,
  • R[0272] 4 is selected from hydrogen, C1-C3alkyl, hydroxy and C1-C3-alkoxy,
  • k is 0 or 1, [0273]
  • A is C[0274] 2-C6-alkylene, which is optionally substituted once or twice by C1-C3-alkyl, hydroxy or fluorine, as well as
  • C[0275] 2-C6-alkenylene, which is optionally substituted once or twice by C1-C3-alkyl, hydroxy or fluorine
  • C[0276] 4-C6-alkadienylene, which is optionally substituted by is C1-C3-alkyl or by one or two fluorine atoms,
  • 1,3,5-hexatrienylene, which is optionally substituted by fluorine, or [0277]
  • C[0278] 2-C6-alkylene, wherein a methylene unit can be isosterically replaced by O, S, CO or SO2, and the isosteric substitute, with the exception of ═CO, cannot be adjacent to the amide group and,
  • D is C[0279] 1-Cg-alkylene, which is optionally substituted once twice by methyl or hydroxy,
  • C[0280] 2-C8-alkenylene, which is optionally substituted once or twice by methyl or hydroxy, wherein the double bond can also be to ring E,
  • C[0281] 3-C8-alkinylene, which is optionally substituted once or twice by methyl or hydroxy, as well as
  • C[0282] 1-C8-alkylene, C2-C8-alkenylene or C3-C8-alkinylene, in which one to three methylene units can be isosterically replaced by O, S, NH, N(CH3), N(COCH3), N(SO2CH3), CO, SO or SO2,
  • E is [0283]
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00016
  • wherein the heterocyclic ring can optionally have a double bond and [0284]
  • n and [0285]
  • p can be independent of each other 0, 1, 2 or 3, with the proviso that n+p<3, [0286]
  • q is 2 or 3, [0287]
  • R[0288] 11 is selected from hydrogen, C1-C3-alkyl, hydroxy, hydroxymethyl and
  • R[0289] 12 is selected from hydrogen or an oxo group which is adjacent to the nitrogen atom,
  • G is hydrogen or [0290]
  • G1, G2, G3, G4 and G5, wherein [0291]
  • G1 represents the residue [0292]
  • —(CH2)r—(CR14R16)s—R13  (G1)
  • wherein [0293]
  • r is 0, 1 or 2 and [0294]
  • s is 0 or 1, [0295]
  • R[0296] 13 is selected from hydrogen, C1-C6-alkyl, C3-C8-cycloalkyl, benzyl orphenyl, benzocyclobutyl, indanyl, indenyl, oxoindanyl, naphthyl, dihydronaphthyl, tetrahydronaphthyl, oxotetrahydronaphthyl, biphenylenyl, fluorenyl, oxofluorenyl, anthryl, dihydroanthryl, oxodihydroanthryl, dioxodihydroanthryl, phenanthryl, dihydrophenanthryl, oxodihydrophenanthryl, dibenzocycloheptenyl, oxodibenzocycloheptenyl, dihydrodibenzocycloheptenyl, oxodihydrodibenzocycloheptenyl, dihydrodibenzocyclooctenyl, tetrahydrodibenzocyclooctenyl and oxotetrahydrodibenzocyclooctenyl, bound directly or over a methylene group,
  • furyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, thiazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, triazolyl, pyridyl, pyrazinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrimidinyl, triazinyl, imidazothiazolyl, benzofuryl, dihydrobenzofuryl, benzothienyl, dihydrobenzothienyl, indolyl, indolinyl, oxoindolinyl, dioxoindolinyl, benzoxazolyl, oxobenzoxazolinyl, benzisoxazolyl, oxobenzisoxazolinyl, benzothiazolyl, oxobenzthiazolinyl, benzoisothiazolyl, oxobenzoisothiazolinyl, benzimidazolyl, oxobenzimidazolinyl, indazolyl, oxoindazolinyl, benzofurazanyl, benzothiadiazolyl, benzotriazolyl, oxazolopyridyl, oxodihydrooxazolopyridyl, thiazolopyridyl, oxodihydrothiazolopyridyl, isothiazolopyridyl, imidazopyridyl, oxodihydroimidazopyridyl, pyrazolopyridyl, oxodihydropyrazolopyridyl, thienopyrimidinyl, chromanyl, chromanonyl, benzopyranyl, chromonyl, quinolyl, isoquinolyl, dihydroquinolyl, oxodihydroquinolinyl, tetrahydroquinolyl, oxotetrahydroquinolinyl, benzodioxanyl, quinoxalinyl, quinazolinyl, naphthyridinyl, carbazolyl, tetrahydrocarbazolyl, oxotetrahydrocarbazolyl, pyridoindolyl, acridinyl, oxodihydroacridinyl, phenothiazinyl, dihydrodibenzoxepinyl, oxodihydrodibenzoxepinyl, benzocycloheptathienyl, oxobenzocycloheptathienyl, dihydrothienobenzothiepinyl, oxodihydrothienobenzothiepinyl dihydrodibenzothiepinyl, oxodihydrodibenzothiepinyl, octahydrodibenzothiepinyl, dihydrodibenzazepinyl, oxodihydrodibenzazepinyl, octahydrodibenzazepinyl, benzocycloheptapyridyl, oxobenzocycloheptapyridyl, dihydropyridobenzodiazepinyl, dihydrodibenzoxazepinyl, dihydropyridobenzoxepinyl, dihydropyridobenzoxazepinyl, oxodihydropyridobenzoxazepinyl, dihydrodibenzothiazepinyl, oxodihydrodibenzothiazepinyl, dihydropyridobenzothiazepinyl, oxodihydropyridobenzothiazepinyl, bound directly or over a methylene group, [0297]
  • R[0298] 14 has the same meaning as R13, but is selected independently therefrom,
  • R[0299] 15 is selected from hydrogen, hydroxy, methyl, benzyl or phenyl,
  • indanyl, indenyl, naphthyl, dihydronaphthyl, tetrahydronaphthyl, furyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, thiazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyrazolyl, imidazoyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, triazolyl, pyridyl, pyrazinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrimidinyl, triazinyl, benzofuryl, benzothienyl, indolyl, indolinyl, benzoxazolyl, benzothiazolyl, benzimidazolyl, chromanyl, quinolyl or tetrahydroquinolyl bound directly or over a methylene group, [0300]
  • G2 is selected from the residues [0301]
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00017
  • wherein the substituents R[0302] 13 and R15 can have the above meanings, or represents the grouping
  • NR13R15
  • each over the nitrogen-bound ring atom of azetidine, pyrrolidine, piperidine, (1H)tetrahydropyridine, hexahydroazepine, (1H)tetrahydroazepine, octahydroazocine, pyrazolidine, piperazine, hexyhydrodiazepine, morpholine, hexahydrooxazepine, thiomorpholine, thiomorpholine-1,1-dioxide, 5-aza-bicyclo[2.1.1]hexane, 2-aza-bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane, 7-aza-bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane, 2,5-diaza-bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane, 2-aza-bicyclo[2.2.2]octane, 8-aza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane, 2,5-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane, 9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane, indoline, isoindoline, (1H)-dihydroquinoline, (1H)-tetrahydroquinoline, (2H)-tetrahydroisoquinoline, (1H)-tetrahydroquinoxaline, (4H)-dihydrobenzoxazine, (4H)-dihydrobenzothiazine, (1H)-tetrahydrobenzo[b]azepine, (1H)-tetrahydrobenzo[c]azepine, (1H)-tetrahydrobenzo[d]azepine, (5H)-tetrahydrobenzo[b]oxazepine, (5H)-tetrahydrobenzolb]thiazepine, 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole, (10H)-dihydroacridine, 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroacridanone, (10H)-phenoxazine, (10H)-phenothiazine, (5H)-dibenzazepine, (5H)-dihydrodibenzazepine, (5H)-Octahydrodibenzazepine, (SH)-dihydrodibenzodiazepine, (1H)-dihydrodibenzo[b,e]oxazepine, (11)-dihydrodibenzo[b,e]thiazepine, (10H)-dihydrodibenzo[b,f]oxazepine, (10H)-dihydrodibenzo[b,f]thiazepine or (5H)-tetrahydrodibenzazocine, [0303]
  • G3 is the residue [0304]
  • —SO2—(CH2)r R13  (G3),
  • G4 is the residue [0305]
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00018
  • wherein [0306]
  • Ar[0307] 1 and
  • Ar[0308] 2 are selected independently of each other from phenyl, pyridyl or naphthyl,
  • G5 is the residue [0309]
  • —COR16  (G5)
  • wherein [0310]
  • R[0311] 16 is trifluoromethyl, C1-C6-alkoxy, C3-C6-alkenyloxy or benzyloxy and
  • aromatic ring systems in which the substituents can be substituted independently of each other by one to three of the same or different substituents from the series halogen, cyano, C[0312] 1-C6-alkyl, trifluoromethyl, C3-C8-Cycloalkyl, phenyl, benzyl, hydroxy, C1-C6-alkoxy, C1-C6-alkoxy, which can be entirely or partially substituted by fluorine, can carry benzyloxy, phenoxy, mercapto, C1-C6-alkylthio, carboxy, C1-C6-alkoxycarbonyl, benzyloxycarbonyl, nitro, amino, mono-C1-C6-alkylamino, di-(C1-C6-alkyl)-amino, wherein two adjacent groups in the ring or ring system can form an additional ring over a methylenedioxy bridge.
  • A further preferred embodiment of the invention is in the use of compounds which are distinguished in that the labelled substituents in formula (I) [0313]
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00019
  • have the following meaning: [0314]
  • R[0315] 1 is hydrogen, halogen, cyano, methyl, trifluoromethyl, hydroxy, methoxy or methoxycarbonyl,
  • R[0316] 2 is hydrogen or halogen,
  • R[0317] 3 is hydrogen,
  • R[0318] 4 is selected from hydrogen, C1-C3-alkyl or hydroxy,
  • k is 0 or 1, [0319]
  • A is selected from C[0320] 2-C6-alkylene, which is optionally substituted once or twice by hydroxy or fluorine, or
  • C[0321] 2-C6-alkenylene, which is optionally substituted once or twice by hydroxy or fluorine,
  • C[0322] 4-C6-alkadienylene, which is optionally substituted by one or two fluorine atoms,
  • 1,3,5-hexatrienylene or [0323]
  • C[0324] 2-C6-alkylene, wherein a methylene unit can be isosterically replaced by O, S or CO, and the isosteric substitute, with the exception of ═CO, cannot be adjacent to the amide group and,
  • D is C[0325] 2-C8-alkylene, which is optionally substituted by methyl or hydroxy,
  • C[0326] 2-C8-alkenylene, which is optionally substituted by methyl or hydroxy, wherein the double bond can also be to ring E, or
  • C[0327] 2-C8-alkylene, C2-Cg-alkenylene, wherein one to three methylene units can be isosterically replaced by O, NH, N(CH3), N(COCH3), N(SO2CH3) or CO,
  • E is selected from the residues [0328]
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00020
  • wherein the heterocyclic ring can optionally have a double bond and [0329]
  • n and p can be, independent of each other, 0, 1, 2 or 3, with the proviso that n+p≦3 and [0330]
  • q is 2 [0331]
  • R[0332] 11 is hydrogen, methyl or hydroxyl and
  • R[0333] 12 is hydrogen or an oxo group adjacent to the nitrogen atom,
  • G is selected from hydrogen, C[0334] 3-C8-cycloalkyl, methoxycarbonyl, tertbutoxycarbonyl, benzyloxycarbonyl, trifluoroacetyl, diphenylphosphinoyl or the residues
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00021
  • wherein [0335]
  • r is 0, 1 or 2 and [0336]
  • s is 0 or 1, [0337]
  • R[0338] 13 is hydrogen, methyl, benzyl or phenyl,
  • indanyl, indenyl, oxoindanyl, naphthyl, dihydronaphthyl, tetrahydronaphthyl, oxotetrahydronaphthyl, fluorenyl, oxofluorenyl, anthryl, dihydroanthryl, oxodihydroanthryl, dioxodihydroanthryl, dibenzocycloheptenyl, oxodibenzocycloheptenyl, dihydrodibenzocycloheptenyl, oxodihydrodibenzocycloheptenyl bound directly or over a methylene group, [0339]
  • furyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, thiazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, triazolyl, pyridyl, pyrazinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrimidinyl, imidazothiazolyl, benzofuryl, dihydrobenzofuryl, benzothienyl, dihydrobenzothienyl, indolyl, indolinyl, oxoindolinyl, dioxoindolinyl, benzoxazolyl, oxobenzoxazolinyl, benzisoxazolyl, oxobenzisoxazolinyl, benzothiazolyl, oxobenzthiazolinyl, benzolsothiazolyl, oxobenzoisothiazolinyl, benzimidazolyl, oxobenzimidazolinyl, benzofurazanyl, benzothiadiazolyl, benzotriazolyl, oxazolopyridyl, oxodihydrooxazolopyridyl, thiazolopyridyl, oxodihydrothiazolopyridyl, isothiazolopyridyl, imidazopyridyl, oxodihydroimidazopyridyl, pyrazolopyridyl, thienopyrimidinyl, chromanyl, chromanonyl, benzopyranyl, chromonyl, quinolyl, isoquinolyl, dihydroquinolyl, oxodihydroquinolinyl, tetrahydroquinolyl, oxotetrahydroquinolinyl, benzodioxanyl, quinoxalinyl, quinazolinyl, naphthyridinyl, carbazolyl, tetrahydrocarbazolyl, oxotetrahydrocarbazolyl, pyridoindolyl, acridinyl, oxodihydroacridinyl, phenothiazinyl, dihydrodibenzoxepinyl, benzocycloheptathienyl, oxobenzocycloheptathienyl, dihydrothienobenzothiepinyl, oxodihydrothienobenzothiepinyl dihydrodibenzothiepinyl, oxodihydrodibenzothiepinyl, dihydrodibenzazepinyl, oxodihydrodibenzazepinyl, octahydrodibenzazepinyl, benzocycloheptapyridyl, oxobenzocycloheptapyridyl, dihydropyridobenzoxepinyl, dihydrodibenzothiazepinyl, oxodihydrodibenzothiazepinyl bound directly or over a methylene group, [0340]
  • R[0341] 14 is hydrogen, methyl, benzyl or phenyl,
  • R[0342] 15 is selected from hydrogen, hydroxy, methyl, benzyl, phenyl,
  • naphthyl, furyl, thienyl, oxazolyl, thiazolyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, pyridyl, benzofuryl, benzothienyl, indolyl, indolinyl, benzoxazolyl, benzothiazolyl, benzimidazolyl, chromanyl, quinolyl or tetrahydroquinolyl, bound directly or over a methylene group, wherein in formula (I) [0343]
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00022
  • the group NR[0344] 13R15 can be selected from pyrrolidine, piperidine, (1H)tetrahydropyridine, hexahydroazepine, Octahydroazocine, piperazine, hexahydrodiazepine, morpholine, hexahydrooxazepine, 2-azabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane, 7-azabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane, 2,5-diazabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane, 8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane, 2,5-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane, indoline, isoindoline, (1H)-dihydroquinoline, (1H)-tetrahydroquinoline, (2H)-tetrahydroisoquinoline, (1H)-tetrahydroquinoxaline, (4H)-dihydrobenzoxazine, (4H)-dihydrobenzothiazine, (1H)-tetrahydrobenzo[b]azepine, (1H)-tetrahydrobenzo[d]azepine, (5H)-tetrahydrobenzo[b]oxazepine, (5H)-tetrahydrobenzo[b]thiazepine, 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indol, (10H)-dihydroacridine, 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroacridanone, (5H)-dihydrodibenzazepine, (5H)-dihydrodibenzodiazepine, (11H)-dihydrodibenzo[b,e]oxazepine, (11H)-dihydrodibenzo[b,e]thiazepine, (10H)-dihydrodibenzo[b,f]oxaze-pine or (5H)-tetrahydrodibenzazocine.
  • The use of compounds in which the labelled substituents in the formula (I) [0345]
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00023
  • have the following meanings are very particularly preferred: [0346]
  • R[0347] 1 is hydrogen, fluorine, chlorine, bromine, methyl, trifluoromethyl or hydroxy,
  • R[0348] 2 and
  • R[0349] 3 are hydrogen,
  • R[0350] 4 is hydrogen or hydroxy,
  • k is 0 or 1, [0351]
  • A is selected from C[0352] 2-C6-alkylene, which is optionally substitued once or twice by hydroxy or fluorine or,
  • C[0353] 2-C4-alkylene, which is optionally substituted by fluorine,
  • C[0354] 4-alkadienylene, which is optionally substituted by fluorine,
  • D is selected from C[0355] 2-C6-alkylene, C2-C6-alkenylene, wherein the double bond can also be to ring E, and C2-C6-alkylene and C2-C6-alkenylene, wherein a methylene unit can be isosterically replaced by O, NH, N(CH3) or CO or an ethylene group can be isosterically replaced by NH—CO and/or CO—NH or a propylene group can be isosterically replaced by NH—CO—O and/or O—CO—NH,
  • E is selected from pyrrolidine, piperidine, 1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridine, hexahydroazepine, morpholine and hexahydro-1,4-oxazepine, wherein the heterocyclic ring optionally adjacent to the nitrogen atom, can be substituted by an oxo group, [0356]
  • G is selected from hydrogen, tert-butoxycarbonyl, diphenylphosphinoyl, or one of the residues [0357]
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00024
  • wherein [0358]
  • r is 0 or 1 and [0359]
  • s is 0 or 1, [0360]
  • R[0361] 13 is hydrogen, methyl, benzyl or phenyl,
  • indenyl, oxoindanyl, naphthyl, tetrahydronaphthyl, fluorenyl, oxofluorenyl, anthryl, dihydroanthryl, oxodihydroanthryl, dioxodihydroanthryl, dibenzocycloheptenyl, dihydrodibenzocycloheptenyl bound directly or over a methylene group, [0362]
  • furyl, thienyl, oxazolyl, thiazolyl, imidazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, pyridyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, imidazothiazolyl, benzofuryl, benzothienyl, indolyl, oxoindolinyl, dioxoindolinyl, benzoxazolyl, oxobenzoxazolinyl, benzothiazolyl, oxobenzthiazolinyl, benzimidazolyl, oxobenzimidazolinyl, benzofurazanyl, benzotriazolyl, oxazolopyridyl, oxodihydrooxazolopyridyl, thiazolopyridyl, oxodihydrothiazolopyridyl, chromanyl, chromanonyl, benzopyranyl, chromonyl, quinolyl, isoquinolyl, oxodihydroquinolinyl, tetrahydroquinolyl, oxotetrahydroquinolinyl, benzodioxanyl, quinazolinyl, acridinyl, oxodihydroacridinyl, phenothiazinyl, dihydrodibenzoxepinyl, benzocycloheptathienyl, dihydrothienobenzothiepinyl, dihydrodibenzothiepinyl, oxodihydrodibenzothiepinyl, dihydrodibenzazepinyl, oxodihydrodibenzazepinyl, octahydrodibenzazepinyl, benzocycloheptapyridyl, oxobenzocycloheptapyridyl, dihydrodibenzothiazepinyl bound directly or over a methylene group, [0363]
  • R[0364] 14 is hydrogen, methyl, benzyl or phenyl,
  • R[0365] 15 is hydrogen, hydroxy, methyl, benzyl or phenyl,
  • naphthyl, furyl, thienyl, pyridyl, benzofuryl, benzothienyl, indolyl, benzoxazolyl, benzothiazolyl, benzimidazolyl, chromanyl, quinolyl or tetrahydroquinolyl bound directly or over a methylene group, wherein in the formula [0366]
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00025
  • the group NR[0367] 13R15 can be selected from pyrrolidine, piperidine, hexahydroazepine, morpholine, 2,5-diazabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane, indoline, isoindoline, (1H)dihydroquinoline, (1H)-tetrahydroquinoline, (2H)-tetrahydroisoquinoline, (1H)-tetrahydrobenzo[b]azepine, (1H)-tetrahydrobenzo[d]azepine, (5H)-tetrahydrobenzo[b]oxazepine, (5H)-tetrahydrobenzo[b]thiazepine, 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroacridanone, (5H)-dihydrodibenzazepine, (11H)-dihydrodibenzo[b,e]-oxazepine or (11H)-dihydrodibenzo[b,e]thiazepine and
  • wherein aromatic ring systems in the substituents can be substituted, independently of each other, by one to three of the same or different substituents from the series halogen, cyano, C[0368] 1-C6-alkyl, trifluoromethyl, C3-C8-cycloalkyl, phenyl, benzyl, hydroxy, C1-C6-alkoxy, C1-C6-alkoxy, which can be entirely or partially substituted by fluorine, can carry benzyloxy, phenoxy, mercapto, C1-C6-alkylthio, carboxy, C1-C6-alkoxycarbonyl, benzyloxycarbonyl, nitro, amino, mono-C1-C6-alkylamino or di-(C1-C6-alkyl)-amino, whereby two adjacent groups on the aromatic ring or ring system for an additional ring over a methylenedioxy bridge.
  • The use of compounds is especially preferred which distinguish themselves in that the labelled substituents in the formula (I) [0369]
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00026
  • have the following meanings: [0370]
  • R[0371] 1 is hydrogen, fluorine, methyl, trifluoromethyl or hydroxy,
  • R[0372] 2 and
  • R[0373] 3 are hydrogen,
  • R[0374] 4 is hydrogen or hydroxy,
  • k is 0, [0375]
  • A is ethylene, propylene or butylene which can each be optionally substituted by hydroxy or once or twice by fluorine, or [0376]
  • ethenylene and/or vinylene or [0377]
  • 1,3-butadienylene [0378]
  • D is selected from C[0379] 2-C6-alkylene or C2-C6-alkenylene, wherein the double bond can also be to ring E,
  • E is selected from pyrrolidine, piperidine, hexahydroazepine or morpholine, [0380]
  • G is selected from benzyl, phenethyl, fluorenylmethyl, anthrylmethyl, diphenylmethyl, fluorenyl or dihydrodibenzocycloheptenyl, [0381]
  • furylmethyl, thienylmethyl, thiazolylmethyl, pyridylmethyl, benzothienylmethyl, quinolylmethyl, phenyl-thienylmethyl, phenyl-pyridylmethyl, dihydrodibenzoxepinyl, dihydrodibenzothiepinyl, [0382]
  • acetyl, pivaloyl, phenylacetyl, diphenylacetyl, diphenylpropionyl, naphthylacetyl, benzbyl, naphthoyl, anthrylcarbonyl, oxofluorenylcarbonyl, oxodihydroanthrylcarbonyl or dioxodihydroanthrylcarbonyl, [0383]
  • furoyl, pyridylcarbonyl, chromonylcarbonyl, quinolylcarbonyl, [0384]
  • naphthylaminocarbonyl, dibenzylaminocarbonyl, benzylphenylaminocarbonyl, diphenylaminocarbonyl, indolinyl-1-carbonyl, dihydrodibenzazepin-N-carbonyl, tetrahydroquinolinyl-N-carbonyl, tetrahydrobenzo[b]azepinyl-N-carbonyl, [0385]
  • methanesulfonyl, phenylsulfonyl, p-toluolsulfonyl, naphthylsulfonyl, quinolinsulfonyl and [0386]
  • diphenylphosphinoyl, [0387]
  • wherein aromatic ring systems can be substituted independently of each other by one to three of the same or different substituents from the series halogen, cyano, C[0388] 1-C6-alkyl, trifluoromethyl, C3-Cg-cycloalkyl, phenyl, benzyl, hydroxy, C1-C6-alkoxy, C1-C6-alkoxy, which can be entirely or partially substituted by fluorine, benzyloxy, phenoxy, mercapto, C1-C6-alkylthio, carboxy, C1-C6-alkoxycarbonyl, benzyloxycarbonyl, nitro, amino, mono-C1-C6-alkylamino or di-(C1-C6-alkyl)-amino, wherein two adjacent groups in the ring or ring system can form an additional ring over a methylendioxy bridge.
  • A series of compounds with the respective substituent definitions are listed as follows in Table 1 for illustration of the use according to the invention without any intended restriction. [0389]
    TABLE 1
    Exemplifying compounds of formula (I) according to the invention
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00027
    Nr R1 k A R4 D—E—G
    1 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00028
    2 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00029
    3 H 0 CH2CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00030
    4 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00031
    5 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00032
    6 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00033
    7 H 0 CH═CH—CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00034
    8 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00035
    9 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00036
    10 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00037
    11 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00038
    12 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00039
    13 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00040
    14 H 0 CH2CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00041
    15 H 0 CH═CH—CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00042
    16 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00043
    17 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00044
    18 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00045
    19 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00046
    20 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00047
    21 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00048
    22 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00049
    23 H 0 CH2CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00050
    24 H 0 CH═CH—CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00051
    25 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00052
    26 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00053
    27 6-Cl 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00054
    28 2-CH3 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00055
    29 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00056
    30 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00057
    31 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00058
    32 H 0 CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00059
    33 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00060
    34 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00061
    35 H 0 CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00062
    36 H 0 CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00063
    37 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00064
    38 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00065
    39 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00066
    40 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00067
    41 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00068
    42 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00069
    43 H 0 CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00070
    44 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00071
    45 H 1 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00072
    46 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00073
    47 H 1 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00074
    48 2-Cl 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00075
    49 2-F 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00076
    50 5-F 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00077
    51 6-CH2O 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00078
    52 H 0
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00079
    H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00080
    53 H 0 CH═CH CH3
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00081
    54 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00082
    55 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00083
    56 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00084
    57 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00085
    58 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00086
    59 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00087
    60 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00088
    61 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00089
    62 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00090
    63 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00091
    64 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00092
    65 H 0 CH2CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00093
    66 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00094
    67 H 0
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00095
    H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00096
    68 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00097
    69 H 0 CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00098
    70 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00099
    71 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00100
    72 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00101
    73 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00102
    74 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00103
    75 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00104
    76 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00105
    77 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00106
    78 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00107
    79 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00108
    80 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00109
    81 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00110
    82 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00111
    83 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00112
    84 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00113
    85 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00114
    86 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00115
    87 H 0 CH═CH—CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00116
    88 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00117
    89 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00118
    90 H 0 CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00119
    91 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00120
    92 H 1 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00121
    93 2-F 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00122
    94 6-CH3 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00123
    95 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00124
    96 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00125
    97 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00126
    98 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00127
    99 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00128
    100 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00129
    101 H 1 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00130
    102 2-OH 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00131
    103 6-CH3O 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00132
    104 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00133
    105 1 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00134
    106 2-OH 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00135
    107 2-F 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00136
    108 5-F 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00137
    109 6-F 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00138
    110 2-Cl 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00139
    111 6-C2H5S 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00140
    112 6-C6H5O 0 C═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00141
    113 H 0
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00142
    H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00143
    114 H 0
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00144
    H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00145
    115 H 0
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00146
    H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00147
    116 H 0
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00148
    H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00149
    117 H 0
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00150
    H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00151
    118 H 0
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00152
    H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00153
    119 H 0
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00154
    H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00155
    120 H 0 CH2CF2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00156
    121 H 0 CH═CH CH3
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00157
    122 H 0 CH2CH2 C2H5
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00158
    123 H 0 CH═CH C2H5
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00159
    124 H 0 CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00160
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00161
    125 H 0 CH2CH2 OH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00162
    126 H 0 CH═CH OH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00163
    127 H 0
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00164
    H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00165
    128 H 0 C≡C H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00166
    129 H 0 OCH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00167
    130 H 0 SCH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00168
    131 H 0 CH2CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00169
    132 H 0 CH═CH—CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00170
    133 H 0 CH2NHCH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00171
    134 H 0
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00172
    H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00173
    135 H 0
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00174
    H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00175
    136 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00176
    137 H 0 CH2CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00177
    138 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00178
    139 H 0 CH2CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00179
    140 H 0 CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00180
    141 H 0 CH2CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00181
    142 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00182
    143 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00183
    144 H 0 CH2CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00184
    145 H 0 CH2CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00185
    146 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00186
    147 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00187
    148 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00188
    149 H 0 OCH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00189
    150 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00190
    151 H 0 CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00191
    152 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00192
    153 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00193
    154 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00194
    155 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00195
    156 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00196
    157 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00197
    158 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00198
    159 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00199
    160 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00200
    161 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00201
    162 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00202
    163 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00203
    164 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00204
    165 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00205
    166 H 0 CH2CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00206
    167 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00207
    168 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00208
    169 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00209
    170 H 0 CH2CHF H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00210
    171 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00211
    172 H 1 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00212
    173 H 0 CH═CH CH3
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00213
    174 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00214
    175 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00215
    176 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00216
    177 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00217
    178 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00218
    179 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00219
    180 H 0
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00220
    H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00221
    181 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00222
    182 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00223
    183 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00224
    184 H 0 CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00225
    185 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00226
    186 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00227
    187 H 0 CH2CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00228
    188 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00229
    189 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00230
    190 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00231
    191 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00232
    192 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00233
    193 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00234
    194 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00235
    195 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00236
    196 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00237
    197 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00238
    198 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00239
    199 H 0 SCH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00240
    200 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00241
    201 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00242
    202 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00243
    203 H 0 CH2CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00244
    204 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00245
    205 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00246
    206 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00247
    207 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00248
    208 H 0 CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00249
    209 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00250
    210 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00251
    211 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00252
    212 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00253
    213 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00254
    214 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00255
    215 H 0 CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00256
    216 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00257
    217 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00258
    218 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00259
    219 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00260
    220 6-F 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00261
    221 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00262
    222 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00263
    223 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00264
    224 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00265
    225 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00266
    226 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00267
    227 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00268
    228 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00269
    229 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00270
    230 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00271
    231 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00272
    232 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00273
    233 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00274
    234 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00275
    235 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00276
    236 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00277
    237 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00278
    238 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00279
    239 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00280
    240 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00281
    241 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00282
    242 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00283
    243 H 0 CH═CH—CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00284
    244 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00285
    245 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00286
    248 H 0 CH═CH—CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00287
    247 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00288
    248 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00289
    249 H 0 CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00290
    250 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00291
    251 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00292
    252 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00293
    253 H 0 CH═CH—CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00294
    254 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00295
    255 H 0 CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00296
    256 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00297
    257 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00298
    258 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00299
    259 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00300
    260 H 0 CH═CH—CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00301
    261 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00302
    262 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00303
    263 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00304
    264 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00305
    265 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00306
    266 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00307
    267 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00308
    268 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00309
    269 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00310
    270 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00311
    271 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00312
    272 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00313
    273 H 0 CH═CH—CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00314
    274 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00315
    275 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00316
    276 H 0 CH2CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00317
    277 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00318
    278 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00319
    279 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00320
    280 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00321
    281 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00322
    282 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00323
    283 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00324
    284 H 0 CH2CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00325
    285 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00326
    286 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00327
    287 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00328
    288 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00329
    289 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00330
    290 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00331
    291 H 0 CH═CH—CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00332
    292 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00333
    293 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00334
    294 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00335
    295 H 0
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00336
    H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00337
    295 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00338
    297 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00339
    298 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00340
    299 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00341
    300 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00342
    301 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00343
    302 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00344
    303 H 0 CH═CH—CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00345
    304 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00346
    305 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00347
    306 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00348
    307 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00349
    308 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00350
    309 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00351
    310 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00352
    311 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00353
    312 H 0 CH2CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00354
    313 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00355
    314 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00356
    315 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00357
    316 H 0 CH═CH—CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00358
    317 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00359
    318 H 0 C≡C H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00360
    319 H 0 CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00361
    320 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00362
    321 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00363
    322 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00364
    323 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00365
    324 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00366
    325 H 0 CH2CH2CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00367
    326 H 0
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00368
    H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00369
    327 H 0 CHphd 2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00370
    328 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00371
    329 H 0 CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00372
    330 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00373
    331 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00374
    332 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00375
    323 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00376
    334 H 0 OCH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00377
    335 H 0 CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00378
    336 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00379
    337 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00380
    338 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00381
    339 H 0 CH2CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00382
    340 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00383
    341 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00384
    342 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00385
    343 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00386
    344 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00387
    345 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00388
    346 H 0
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00389
    H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00390
    347 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00391
    348 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00392
    349 H 0 CH2CH2CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00393
    350 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00394
    351 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00395
    352 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00396
    353 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00397
    354 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00398
    355 H 0 CH═CH—CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00399
    356 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00400
    357 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00401
    358 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00402
    359 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00403
    360 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00404
    361 H 0 CH═CH—CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00405
    362 H 0 CH═CH—CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00406
    363 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00407
    364 H 0
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00408
    H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00409
    365 H 0 C≡C H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00410
    366 H 0 (CH2)2CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00411
    367 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00412
    368 H 0 CH═CH—CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00413
    359 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00414
    370 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00415
    371 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00416
    372 H 0 CH═CH—CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00417
    373 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00418
    374 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00419
    375 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00420
    376 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00421
    377 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00422
    378 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00423
    379 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00424
    380 H 0 CH═CH—CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00425
    381 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00426
    382 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00427
    383 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00428
    384 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00429
    385 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00430
    386 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00431
    387 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00432
    388 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00433
    389 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00434
    390 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00435
    391 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00436
    392 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00437
    393 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00438
    394 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00439
    395 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00440
    396 H 0 CH2CH2 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00441
    397 H 0 CH═CH H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00442
  • Various modes for synthesis of compounds used according to the invention are described in the following for reasons of simplifying reproducability. [0390]
  • Aside from a few exceptions, the optionally combined compounds presently described and used according to the invention are not previously described in the literature. A smaller portion of these compounds overlaps various previously known generic formulae that are very generally defined with respect to structure and which were named at the beginning as prior art. The synthesis methods for the production of the presently used compounds are entirely known to the person skilled in the art either generally from the relevant literature and/or from the prior art publications named at the beginning; also see the literature information referred to below. Consequently, the presently used compounds of the synthesis encompassed by the defined generic formula are easily accessible by analogous methods, as they are described, for example, in the following. [0391]
  • Method (A): [0392]
  • Compounds of formula (I) are obtained by reacting carboxylic acids of formula (II) [0393]
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00443
  • in which R[0394] 1, R2, R3, A and k have the meaning given above or their reactive derivatives are reacted with compounds of formula (III)
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00444
  • wherein D, E, G and R[0395] 4 have the above meanings.
  • Reactive derivatives of compound (II) can be present, for example, as activated esters, anhydrides, acid halides, especially acid chlorides, or simple low alkyl esters. Suitable acitivated esters are, for example, p-nitrophenyl ester, 2,4,6-trichlorphenyl ester, pentachlorophenyl ester, cyanomethyl ester, esters of N-hydroxysuccinimide, of N-hydroxyphthalimides, of 1-hydroxybenzotriazol, of N-hydroxypiperidine, of 2-hydroxypyridine or of 2-mercaptopyridine, etc. Anhydrides can be symmetric anhydrides or mixed, as they are obtained, for example, with pivaloyl chloride or with chloroformates. Aromatic (for example chloroformic phenyl ester), araliphatic (for example chloroformic benzyl ester) or aliphatic chloroformates (for example chloroformic methyl ester and/or corresponding -ethyl or -isobutyl ester) can be used for this. [0396]
  • Reaction of compounds (II) with compounds (III) can also be carried out in the presence of condensation agents such as dicyclohexylcarbodiimide, 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide hydrochloride, N,N′-carbonyldiimidazol, 1-ethoxycarbonyl-2-ethoxy-1,2-dihydroquinoline, etc. If carbodiimides are used as the condensation agent, reagents such as N-hydroxysuccinimide, N-hydroxyphthalimide, 1-bydroxybenzotriazol, N-hydroxypiperidine, etc. can be advantageously added. [0397]
  • Compounds of formula (III) can be used for reaction as free bases as well as in the form of their acid addition salts. For this, the salts of inorganic acids are to be preferred, i.e. hydrochlorides, hydrobromides or sulfates. [0398]
  • Reaction of compounds (II) or their reactive derivatives with compounds (III) are normally carried out in a suitable, preferably inert solvent. As examples, aromatic hydrocarbons such as benzene, toluol, xylene, halogenated hydrocarbons (for example dichloromethane, chloroform, 1,2-dichloroethane, trichloroethylene), ethers (for example diethyl ether, tetrahydrofuran, dioxane, glycol dimethyl ether), ethyl acetate, acetonitrile or polar aprotic solvents such as, for example, dimethylsulfoxide, dimethylformamide or N-methylpyrrolidone are to be named. Pure solvents, as well as mixtures of two or more, can be used. [0399]
  • The reaction is optionally carried out in the presence of an auxiliary base. Suitable examples for this are alkali metal carbonates (sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate), alkali metal hydrogen carbonates (sodium hydrogen carbonate, potassium hydrogen carbonate), or organic bases such as, for example, triethylamine, ethyl diisopropylamine, tributylamine, N-methylmorpholine or pyridine. A suitable excess of compound (III) can also be used as a base. If compounds (III) are used in form of their acid addition salts, then it is appropriate to consider the amount of auxiliary base used as equivalent. [0400]
  • The reaction temperatures can—depending on reactivity of the educts—vary in a wide range. Generally, the reaction is carried out at temperatures between −40° C. and 180° C., preferably between −10° C. and 130° C., especially at the boiling point of the solvent used. [0401]
  • The starting compounds (II) and (III) are known and/or can be produced according to known methods in an analogous manner. Moreover, the production of representative examples is further described below. [0402]
  • Method (B) [0403]
  • Compounds of formula (I) can be produced by reaction of compounds of formula (I), wherein G is hydrogen and which themselves possess the above-named pharmacological activities such as a cytostatic and/or immunomodulatory activity, as intermediate products as well as end products, with a compound of formula (V), [0404]
  • L-G  (IV)
  • in which G has the meaning given above, with the exception of hydrogen, and L is a suitable nucleofuge or reactive group. The type of nucleofuge or reactive group L and the conditions of the reaction are dependent of the nature of group G. [0405]
  • Method (B1) [0406]
  • Compounds of formula (I), in which G, with the exception of hydrogen, has the meaning of (G1) according to the above definition can, aside from method (a), also be produced by reacting compounds of formula (I), wherein G is hydrogen, with a suitable alkylation agent and/or arylation agent of formula (IV), wherein G is an alkyl-, alkenyl-, alkinyl-, cycloalkyl-, aryl-, aralkyl-, heteroaryl- or heteroaralkyl residue according to definition and the leaving group L can be a reactive derivative of an alkohol, for example, a halogen atom such as chlorine, bromine or iodine or a sulfonic acid ester, i.e. for example a methanesulfonyloxy-, trifluoromethanesulfonyloxy-, ethanesulfonyloxy-, benzenesulfonyloxy-, p-toluolsulfonyloxy-, p-bromobenzenesulfonyloxy- or m-nitrobenzenesulfonyloxy residue, etc. A reactive group L can be a terminal epoxide group for example. [0407]
  • The reaction of compounds (I), in which G is a hydrogen, and (IV) is usually conducted in a suitably inert solvent. Such solvents can be, for example, aromatic hydrocarbons (benzene, toluol, xylene), ethers (for example tetrahydrofuran, dioxane, glycol dimethyl ether), ethyl acetate, acetonitrile, ketones (acetone, ethyl methyl ketone), polar protic solvents such as alcohols (ethanol, isopropanol, butanol, glycol monomethyl ether) or polar aprotic solvents such as, for example, dimethylsulfoxide, dimethylformamide or N-methylpyrrolidone. Pure solvents as well as mixtures of two or more can also be used. Preferably, the reactions are carried out in the presence of bases, whereby said bases can be used as in method (a) above. If chlorides or bromides are used as compound (IV), the reaction can be accelerated by the addition of alkali metal iodides (sodium iodide, potassium iodide). The reaction temperatures can vary between 0° C. and 180° C. depending on the reactivity of the educts, but preferably lie between 20° C. and 130° C. [0408]
  • Method (B2) [0409]
  • Compounds of formula (I), in which G represents an acyl residue, a carbamoyl residue, a sulfonyl residue or a phosphinoyl residue according to the above definition, can also be produced, aside from the above method (a), by reacting compounds of formula (I), in which G is hydrogen, with a carboxylic acid, carbamic acid, sulfonic acid and/or phosphinic acid of formula (V), in which G is an acyl residue, carbamoyl residue, sulfonyl residue or phosphinoyl residue according to definition, [0410]
  • HO-G  (V)
  • or their derivatives capable of reaction. Preferred derivatives of carboxylic acids and/or sulfonic acids (V) which are capable of reaction are symmetric or unsymmetric carboxylic acid anhydrides and/or sulfonic acid anhydrides or acyl- and/or sulfonyl halides, especially acyl- and/or sulfonyl chlorides. Preferably, derivatives of carbamates and/or phosphinic acids which are capable of reaction are the carbamoyl halides and/or phosphinyl halides, especially carbanyl- and/or phosphinyl chlorides. The reaction of the acids (V) and/or their reactive derivatives with compounds (I), in which G is hydrogen, preferably occurs in the presence of auxiliary bases in solvents and under conditions as they are described in method (A). [0411]
  • Method (B3) [0412]
  • Compounds of formula (I), in which G represents a carbamoyl residue according to the definition G2 with r=0, i.e. the group [0413]
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00445
  • can also be produced, aside from the methods (A) and (B2), by reacting compounds of formula (I), in which C is hydrogen with a carbonyl group transmitter to an intermediate product and subsequently reacting this directly with a primary or secondary amine with the formula (VI) [0414]
  • H—NR13R15  (VI)
  • in which R[0415] 13 and R15 and/or the group —NR13R15 have the meanings according to the above definitions without having to purify or isolate the intermediate product. Trichloromethylcarbonate (triphosgene) and carbonyldiimidazol have been proven as particularly reactive carbonyl group transmitters. The reaction of compounds of formula (I), wherein G is hydrogen, with triphosgene and/or carbonyldiimidazol are typically conducted in an absolute, inert solvent in the presence of a tertiary organic amine as an auxiliary base in such a manner that the solution of compounds (I) and the auxiliary base are slowly poured into a solution of an equivalent amount of carbonyl group transmitter. Thereby, the reaction requires molar ratios of 1:1 for the reaction of compound (I) and carbonyldiimidazol, and, in contrast, a ratio of 1:0.35 for the use of triphosgene. After complete reaction of the components to the intermediate product, compound (VI) is added in stochiometric arnounts or in excess as a solution or a solid and the reaction is typically completed at elevated temperature. Suitable inert solvents are, for example hydrocarbons such as hexane, heptane, benzene, toluol, xylene, chlorinated hydrocarbons (for example dichloromethane, chloroform, 1,2-dichloroethane, trichloroethylene), ethers (for example diethyl ether, tetrahydrofuran, dioxane), esters such as ethyl acetate, butyl acetate, acetonitrile or polar aprodic solvents such as formamide or dimethylformamide. Pure solvents as well as mixtures can be used diversely. Sometimes it is of advantage to carry out the first partial reaction at low temperature in a low-viscosity, highly-volatile solvent and to remove the solvent after formation of the intermediate and replace it by a higher boiling solvent. Amines such as for example triethylamine, ethyl diusopropylamine, tributylamine, N-methylmorpholine or pyridine are suitable as auxiliary bases. If compounds (I) or (VI) are used as salts, the amount of the auxiliary base is increased accordingly. The reaction temperatures can lie in between −40° C. and 50° C. for the first partial reaction, preferably at 0° C. bis 30° C., and between 0° C. and 150° C. for the second partial reaction, preferably at 20° C. bis 120° C.
  • Method (B4) [0416]
  • Compounds of formula (I), in which G represents a carbamoyl residue according to the definition G2 with r=0 and R[0417] 15=hydrogen, i.e. a group
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00446
  • can also be produced, aside from methods A, B2 and B3, by reacting the compounds of formula (I) in which G is hydrogen, with an isocyanate of formula (VII) in which R[0418] 13 has the meaning according to the above definition
  • O═C—N—R13  (VII)
  • Reaction of the compounds of formula (I), in which G is hydrogen, with the isocyanates of formula (VII) are conducted thereby in an absolute, inert solvent which can be a hydrocarbon such as pentane, hexane, heptane, benzene, toluol, or xylene, chlorinated hydrocarbons (such as dichloromethane, chloroform, 1,2-dichloroethane, trichloroethylene), ethers (for example, diethyl ether, tetrahydrofuran, dioxane), esters such as ethyl acetate, butyl acetate, or polar aprotic solvents such as formamide or dimethylformamide. Mixtures of various solvents can also be used. Thereby, the reaction temperatures can vary in the region from −20° C. to 150° C., but preferably lie at 20° C. to 100° C. [0419]
  • The above-named intermediate products in the form of compounds according to formula (I), wherein G is hydrogen, which have the above-mentioned activities, such as for example a cytostatic activity in an analogous way to the end products themselves, are suitable for the production of a multitude of end products through the synthesis methods B1-B4. [0420]
  • They themselves can, in principle, be produced according to method A by reacting a carboxylic acid of formula (II) with amines of formula (III) in which G is hydrogen as described above. However, since the compounds of formula (III) with hydrogen as G represent α,ω-diamines, the formation of product mixtures is always to be expected in their reaction with carboxylic acids (II) or their reactive derivatives making a subsequent separation necessary. [0421]
  • In contrast, compounds of formula (I), in which G is hydrogen, are essentially more advantageously produced from other compounds of formula (I), in which G is a selectively cleavable group under mild conditions, i.e. corresponds to a nitrogen protective group. [0422]
  • Among the compounds according to formula (I) with tumor growth inhibiting properties, compounds are particularly suitable for this in which G represents a benzyl group, a 4-methoxybenzyl group, a diphenylmethyl group, a triphenylmethyl group, a benzyloxycarbonyl group, a methoxy- and/or ethoxycarbonyl group, a tertbutoxycarbonyl group, an allyloxycarbonyl group or a trifluoroacetyl group. For example, compounds according to formula (I) with benzyl, diphenylmethyl, triphenylmethyl or benzyloxycarbonyl groups can already be catalytically transformed into the compounds of formula (I) with hydrogen as G at room temperature under mild conditions with elementary hydrogen or by transfer hydration. Compounds of formula (I) with a 4-methoxylbenzyl group are transformed into compounds of formula (I) with hydrogen as G by selective oxidation with ammonium-cer(IV)-nitrate. The cleavage of simple alkoxycarbonyl groups such as the methoxy- or ethoxycarbonyl group as well as the trifluoroacetyl group as G in compounds of formula (I) succeed by alkali hydrolysis under mild conditions without cleaving the A and D linked amide function. This is suitably valid for the cleavage of the triphenylmethyl group and the tert-butoxycarbonyl group as G in compounds of formula (I), which occurs in acidic medium under mild conditions. Finally, compounds of formula (I) with an allyloxycarbonyl group as G can be converted into such with hydrogen as G in neutral medium with palladium catalyst. All these methods are fully familiar to the person skilled in the art, and are furthermore also documented in monographs (see for example Greene, Wuts, Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis, New York, 1991). [0423]
  • Method C [0424]
  • Compounds of formula (I), in which R[0425] 4 is an alkyl, alkenyl, alkinyl or cycloalkyl residue according to the above definition can also be produced, aside from the methods A and B, by reacting compounds of formula (I), in which R4 is hydrogen, with a suitable alkylation agent of formula (VIII)
  • L-R4  (VIII)
  • in which R[0426] 4 is an alkyl, alkenyl, alkinyl or cycloalkyl residue according to the above definition and L is a suitable nucleofuge, i.e. for example a halogen atom such as chlorine, bromine or iodine or a sulfonic acid ester of an alcohol. Preferred sulfonic acid esters (VIII) contain a methylsulfonyloxy residue, trifluoromethanesulfonyloxy-, p-toluolsulfonyloxy-, p-bromobenzenesulfonyloxy- or m-nitrobenzenesulfonyloxy residue as L. As an amide alkylation in the presence of tertiary amino groups, this reaction requires the use of strong auxiliary bases such as potassium-tert-butylate, sodium hydride, potassium hydride or butyl lithium in aprotic, inert solvents. Such solvents can be for example aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbons (pentane, hexane, heptane, benzene, toluol), ethers (for example, tetrahydrofuran, dioxane) or polar solvents such as dimethylsulfoxide, dimethylformamide or N-methylpyrrolidone. Depending on the reactivity of the educts, the reaction temperatures can lie between −40° C. and 140° C. preferably between −20° C. and 80° C.
  • Method D [0427]
  • Compounds of formula (I) in which A is a saturated alkylene group can also be produced, aside from methods A, B and C, by hydrating compounds of formula (I) in which A is an unsaturated group according to the above definition, i.e. an alkenylene group or alkadienyl group with elementary hydrogen in the presence of a suitable catalyst. This method is also applicable when the compounds of formula (I) with an unsaturated group A in the molecule simultaneously contain a principally hydrogenolytically cleavable group B, i.e.—as already mentioned above—a benzyl group, a diphenylmethyl or triphenylmethyl group. In the selection of the conditions, especially the solvent, the temperature and the acid additive in the reaction mixture, the reaction can be controlably driven either to a selective satuation of the C—C multiple bond(s) in the structural element A or to a simultaneous cleavage of the benzyl, diphenylmethyl or triphenylmethyl residue G under formation of the compounds of formula (I) with hydrogen as G. [0428]
  • The hydration is preferably carried out in barely polar, aprotic solvents for selective hydration of one or more C—C multiple bonds of group A in the compounds of formula (I) according to the invention while attaining a simultaneously present hydrogenolytically cleavable benzyl, diphenylmnethyl or triphenylmethyl residue as the structural element G. Esters such as ethyl acetate, propyl acetate, butyl acetate or ethers such as tetrahydrofuran, dioxane or ethylene glycol dimethyl ether can be used. Compounds of formula (I) to be hydrated can be present as a free base or entirely or partially in the form of a salt by addition of a sub-maximal to a maximal stochiometric amount of a strong acid, preferably a mineral acid. As a catalyst, palladium Is suitable in various proportional amounts from 1, 3, 5 or 10% on solid supports such as activated carbon, activated aluminum oxide or calcium carbonate. The hydration is carried out under normal pressure and at a temperature of 10 to maximally 30° C., preferably at 20 to 25° C. and interrupted after consumption of the amount of hydrogen calculated for the saturation of the multiple bonds. [0429]
  • In contrast, for simultaneous cleavage of the multiple bonds in A and the cleavage of a benzyl, diphenylmethyl or triphenylmethyl group as G in the compound of formula (I), polar, aprotic solvents are used such as methanol, ethanol, isopropanol, methoxyethanol or water or mixtures thereof, whereby a considerable excess of a strong acid compared to the stochiometric salt formation, preferably a mineral acid such as concentrated hydrochloric acid or sulfuric acid is simultaneously added. The molecular ratio of substrate/acid can lie in the range of 1:2 to 1:10 thereby, preferably between 1:3 and 1:5. The same catalysts which are mentioned above in connection with the selective hydration are suitable as catalysts. The hydration is carried out under normal pressure or slightly increased hydrogen pressure of 2 to 3 bar, preferably under normal pressure, until the termination of the uptake of hydrogen. Depending on uptake speed, the reaction temperature can vary between 10 and 50, 70 or 80° C. as a function of the boiling point of the solvent and/or solvent mixture and employed pressure. If, for example, the reaction is carried out in ethanol or ethanol/water under normal pressure, the reaction temperature preferably lies between 40 to 60° C. [0430]
  • The compounds of formula (I) produced according to the method (A), (B1) to (B4), (C) or (D) can be isolated and purified in a known manner, for example by subjecting the residue after distillation of the solvent to partition, extraction, re-precipitation or recrystallization or another purification method. For this, column chromatography on a suitable support or preparative, middle or high pressure liquid chromatography are preferred for this. [0431]
  • The compounds (I) are first normally obtained in form of their free bases or their hydrates or solvates, depending on the type of isolation and purification. Their addition salts with pharmaceutically suitable acids are obtained in a typical manner by converting the base with the desired acid in a suitable solvent. Depending on the number of basic centers of compound (1), one or more equivalent acids per mole of base can be bound. [0432]
  • Suitable solvents are, for example, chlorinated hydrocarbons such as dichloromethane or chloroform; ethers such as diethyl ether, dioxane or tetrahydrofuran; acetonitrile; ketones such as acetone or ethyl methyl ketone; esters such as methyl acetate or ethyl acetate or low molecular alcohols such as methanol, ethanol or isopropanol; and water. Pure solvents as well as mixtures of two or three solvents can also be used. The salts can be isolated by crystallization, precipitation or the evaporation of the solvent. Thereby, they optionally accumulate as hydrates or solvates. [0433]
  • The bases can be recovered from the salts by alkalization, for example with aqueous ammonia solution, alkali carbonate or diluted sodium hydroxide solution, The following listed compounds and/or their pharmaceutically acceptable salts, if not already concretely labelled as such, are particularly preferred. [0434]
  • N-[2-(1-benzylpiperidin-4-yl)-ethyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-propionamide, [0435]
  • N-{2-[1-(2-phenylethyl)-piperidin-4-yl]-ethyl}-3-(pyridin-3-yl)propionamide [0436]
  • N-{2-[1-(4-phenylbutyl)-piperidin-4-yl]-ethyl}-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-propionamide [0437]
  • N-{2-[1-(4-hydroxyphenylbutyl)piperidin-4-yl]-ethyl}-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-propionamide [0438]
  • N-[2-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-ethyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-propionamide, [0439]
  • N-[3-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-propyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-propionamide, [0440]
  • N-[4-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-butyl]-3-pyridin-3-yl)-propionamide, [0441]
  • N-[2-(1-benzylpiperidin-4-yl)-butyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide, [0442]
  • N-{4-[1-(2-phenylethyl)-piperidin-4-yl]-butyl}-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide [0443]
  • N-{4-[1-(4-biphenylylmethyl)-piperidin-4-yl]-butyl}-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide [0444]
  • N-{4-[1-(1-naphthylmethyl)-piperidin-4-yl]-butyl}-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide [0445]
  • N-{4-[1-(9-anthrymethyl)-piperidin-4-yl]-butyl}-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide [0446]
  • N-{4-[1-(Cyclohexylphenylmethyl)-piperidin-4-yl]-butyl}-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide [0447]
  • N-{4-[1-(10,11-dihydro5H-dienzo[ad]cycloheptene-5-yl)-piperidin-4-yl]-butyl}-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide [0448]
  • N-[2-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-ethyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide, [0449]
  • N-[3-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-propyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide, [0450]
  • N-[5-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-pentyl]-3-pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide, [0451]
  • N-[6-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-hexyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide, [0452]
  • N-[4-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-butyl]-5-(pyridin-3-yl)-2,4-pentadiene acid amide, [0453]
  • N-(4-{1-[bis-(4-fluorophenyl)-methyl]-piperidin-4-yl}-butyl)-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide, [0454]
  • N-(4-{1-[bis-(2-chlorophenyl)-methyl]-piperidin-4-yl}-butyl)-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide, [0455]
  • N-[4-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-butyl]-3-(2-fluoropyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide, [0456]
  • N-[4-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-butyl]-3-(6-fluoropyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide, [0457]
  • N-[4-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-butyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide, [0458]
  • N-[4-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-butyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide dihydrochloride or, [0459]
  • N-[4-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-butyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide methanesulfonate, [0460]
  • For a better understanding of the use according to the invention and reproducability of the compounds used, a series of synthetic examples is described in the following:[0461]
  • SYNTHETIC EXAMPLES For the End Products of the Invention According to Formula (I)
  • In the following production examples for the end products, the abbreviations stand for the following terms: [0462]
  • MP=melting point, [0463]
  • RT=room temperature, [0464]
  • THF=tetrahydrofuran, [0465]
  • DMF=dimethylformamide, [0466]
  • CDI=carbonyldlimidazol, [0467]
  • abs.=absolute, [0468]
  • EDC=N-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-N′-ethyl-carbodiimide hydrochloride, [0469]
  • HOBT=1-hydroxybenzotriazol, [0470]
  • TEA=triethylamine. [0471]
  • [0472] 1H-NMR-Spectrum=proton resonance spectrum, taken at 100 MHz. The chemical shifts are given in ppm against TMS as a standard (δ=0.0), whereby
  • s=singlet, [0473]
  • d=doublet, [0474]
  • t=triplet, [0475]
  • dt=doublet-triplet, [0476]
  • m=multiplet, [0477]
  • ar=aromatic, [0478]
  • py=pyridine. [0479]
  • Example 1
  • N-[4-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-butyl]-N-ethyl-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide (Substance 123) [0480]
  • 10 g (22.0 mmol) N-[4-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-butyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide (substance 104) are dissolved in 100 ml THF and added to 0.73 g (24.3 mmol) 80% NaH (heavy foaming) and stirred 20 minutes at RT. 2.1 ml (26.4 mmol) ethyl iodine are added dropwise and the mixture is stirred five hours at RT. 0.1 g tetrabutyl ammonium iodine are added and the batch is further stirred at RT overnight. Subsequently, 0.1 g (3 mmol) 80% NaH are added and this is heated at 50° C. for one hour under stirring. The batch is carefully hydrolyzed with 50 ml water after cooling to RT. The aqueous phase is extracted with 100 ml dichloromethane and the combined organic phases are washed with 50 ml water. The organic phase is concentrated in vacuum and the residue is chromatographically pre-purified twice over silica gel with CHCl[0481] 3/CH3OH (95/5 to 90/10 and 98/2 to 95/5), subsequently further purified by flash chromatography with CHCl3/CH3OH (100/0 to 98/2) and crystallized three times from 20 ml 1-chlorobutane, 10 ml acetonitrile/diisopropyl ether (1/1) and 8 ml isopropanol/diIsopropyl ether (1/1). Yellow crystals with a MP of 115-117° C. were recovered; yield: 1.1 g (10%)
    C32H39N3O (481.7)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(C═O)    1640 cm−1
    ν(C═C)    1600 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 0.90-1.95(16H, m, piperidine,
    piperidine-(CH2)3CH3)
    2.70-3.00(2H, m, piperidine)
    3.20-3.70(4H, m, CONCH2, J
    4.21(1H, s, Ar2CH)
    6.89(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.5Hz)
    7.00-7.50(11H, m, ar, py)
    7.69-7.60(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.5Hz)
    7.70-7.95(1H, m, py)
    8.50-8.65(1H, m, py)
    8.70-8.85(1H, m, py)
  • Example 2
  • N-[4-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)butyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide (Substance 104) [0482]
  • 2.0 g (13.6 mmol) 3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylic acid are suspended in 60 ml abs. dichloromethane and, after addition of three drops of pyridine, cooled to ca. 0° C. in an ice bath under moisture exclusion. 1.8 ml (18.6 mmol) oxalyl chloride are added dropwise and the mixture is stirred at RT overnight. Subsequently, the solvent and excess oxalyl chloride is distilled off in a rotary evaporator. In order to completely remove the oxalyl chloride, the residue is dried further for two hours under high-vacuum. The acid chloride obtained in this manner is suspended in 50 ml abs. dichloromethane and cooled to ca. 0° C. in an ice bath under moisture exclusion. 4.0 g (12.4 mmol) 4-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-butylamine are dissolved in 30 ml abs. dichloromethane and added dropwise to this suspension. After complete addition, the ice bath is removed and the reaction mixture is stirred for a further two hours at RT. The mixture is subsequently washed with 10% sodium hydroxide solution. The aqueous phase is extracted with acetic acid ethyl ether. The combined organic phases are dried over sodium sulfate and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The residue is crystallized once from 15 ml isopropanol and then twice from acetic acid ethyl ester. Colorless crystals with a MP of 156° C. were recovered, yield: 1.6 g (28%) [0483]
    C30H35N3O (453.6)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3310 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1660, 1545 cm−1
    ν(C═C)    1620 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 0.90-2.20(13H, m, piperidine,
    piperidine-(CH2)3)
    2.65-3.05(2H, m, piperidine)
    3.20-3.60(2H, m, CONCH 2, J
    4.21(1H, s, Ar2CH)
    5.75-6.15(1H, m, NH)
    6.45(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.6)
    6.90-8.00(13H, m, ar, py, CH═CHCO)
    8.45-8.70(1H, m, py)
    8.70-8.90(1H, m, py)
  • Example 3
  • N-(4-{1-[bis-(4-fluorophenyl)-methyl]-piperidin-4-yl}-butyl)-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide (substance 171) [0484]
  • 3.7 g (24.5 mmol) 3-(3-pyridyl)-acrylic acid are suspended in 100 ml abs. dichloromethane and, after addition of three drops of pyridine, cooled to cA 0° C. in an ice bath under moisture exclusion. 2.8 ml (22.1 mmol) oxalyl chloride are added dropwise and the mixture is stirred at RT overnight Subsequently, the solvent and excess oxalyl chloride is distilled off in a rotary evaporator. In order to completely remove the oxalyl chloride, the residue is dried further for 2 hours under high-vacuum. The acid chloride obtained in this manner is suspended in 50 ml abs. dichloromethane and cooled to ca. 0° C. in an ice bath under moisture exclusion. 8.0 g (22.3 mmol) 4-[1-bis-(4-fluorophenyl)-methyl-piperidin-4-yl]-butylamine are dissolved in 50 ml abs. dichloromethane and added dropwise to this suspension. After complete addition, the ice bath is removed and the reaction mixture is stirred for a further two hours at RT. The mixture is subsequently distributed between 10% sodium hydroxide solution and dichlorornethane, and the aqueous phase is extracted a further three times with dichloromethane. The combined organic phases are washed with 100 ml water, dried over sodium sulfate and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The residue is chromatographically purified over silica gel with CHCl[0485] 3/CH3OH (99.5/0.5 to 97/3) and crystallized from 30 ml acetic acid ethyl ester after drawing off the solvent. Colorless crystals with a MP of 108° C. were recovered; yield 3,5 g (34%).
    C30H33F2N3O (489.6)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3320 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1655, 1540 cm−1
    ν(C═C)    1620 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 1.00-2.00(13H, m, piperidine,
    piperidine-(CH2)3)
    2.60-2.95(2H, m, piperidine)
    3.38(2H, dt, CONHCH 2, J=6.6Hz, J=
    12.7Hz)
    4.20(1H, s, Ar2CH)
    5.85-6.10(1H, m, NH)
    6.47(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.7Hz)
    6.80-7.50(9H, m, ar, py)
    7.65-7.90(1H, m, py)
    8.45-8.65(1H, m, py)
    8.65-8.85(1H, m, py)
  • Example 4
  • N-{4-[1-(10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cycloheptene-5-yl)-piperidin-4-yl]-butyl}-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide (substance 219) [0486]
  • Production occurred analogously to Example 3. [0487]
  • Batch size: 2.6 g (17.6 mmol) 3-(3-pyridyl)-acrylic acid, 2.6 g (20.8 mmol) oxalyl chloride and 5.57 g (16.0 mmol) 4-[1-(10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cycloheptene-5-yl)-piperidin-4-yl]-butylamine. [0488]
  • In the work up, the mixture is concentrated under vacuum and subsequently distributed between 100 ml 10% NaOH and 300 ml acetic acid ethyl ester. The aqueous phase is extracted again with 50 ml acetic acid ethyl ester and the combined organic phases are washed with 50 ml water, dried over sodium sulfate and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The residue is chromatographically purified over silica gel with CHCl[0489] 3/CH3OH (97/3) and crystallized twice from 40 ml and 30 ml acetonitrile after drawing off the solvent. Colorless crystals with a MP of 125-127° C. were recovered; yield 2.3 g (30%).
    C32H37F2N3O (479.6)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3300 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1655, 1540 cm−1
    ν(C═C)    1620 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 0.90-2.00(13H, m, piperidine,
    piperidine-(CH2)3)
    2.55-3.00(4H, m, piperidine,
    ar —CH—CH-ar)
    3.36(2H, dt, CONHCH 2, J=6.6Hz, J=
    12.7Hz)
    3.90(1H, s, Ar2CH)
    5.60-5.85(1H, m NH)
    6.43(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.7Hz)
    6.90-7.40(9H, m, ar, py)
    7.60(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.6Hz)
    7.65-7.90(1H, m, py)
    8.50-8.65(1H, m, py)
    8.70-8.80(1H, m, py)
  • Example 5
  • N-[4(1-benzylpiperidin-4-yl)butyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide (Substance 46) [0490]
  • 6.5 g (18.0 mmol) N-[4-(piperidin-4-yl)-butyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide dihydrochloride (substance 22) are suspended in 80 ml acetone added to 9.9 g (72.0 mmol) potassium carbonate. A solution of 3.4 g (19.8 mmol) benzyl bromide in 10 ml acetone is added dropwise to this mixture at RT and stirred overnight. Subsequently, the suspension is filtered and the filtrate is concentrated under vacuum. The residue is taken up in 100 ml CHCl[0491] 3 and washed with 30 ml water. The organic phase is dried over sodium sulfate and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The residue is chromatographically purified over silica gel with CHCl3/CH3OH (95/5 to 90/10) and crystallized from 15 ml acetonitrile after drawing off the solvent. Beige colored crystals with a MP of 88-90° C. were recovered; yield: 1.1 g (16%)
    C24H31N3O (377.5)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3320 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1655, 1530 cm−1
    ν(C═C)    1620 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 1.00-2.10(13H, m, piperidine,
    piperidine-(CH2)3)
    2.70-3.00(2H, m, piperidine)
    3.20-3.55(4H, m, CONHCH 2, ar, CH2)
    5.65-6.00(1H, m, NH)
    6.45(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.6Hz)
    3.36(2H, dt, CONHCH 2, J=6.6Hz, J=
    12.7Hz)
    7.10-7.40(6H, m, ar, py)
    7.62(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.6Hz)
    5.60-5.85(1H, m, NH)
    6.43(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.7Hz)
    7.65-7.90(1H, m, py)
    8.45-8.65(1H, m, py)
    8.65-8.85(1H, m, py)
  • Example 6
  • N-[2-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-ethyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide (Substance 95) [0492]
  • Production occurred analogously to Example 3. [0493]
  • Batch size: 2.3 g (15.5 mmol) 3-(3-pyridyl)-acrylic acid, 2.7 g (21.3 mmol) oxalyl chloride and 4.1 g (13.9 mmol) 2-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidine-4-yl)-ethylamine in 60 ml abs. dichlormethane. [0494]
  • In the work up, the mixture is concentrated under vacuum and subsequently dispersed between 100 ml 10% NaOH and 300 ml acetic acid ethyl ester. The aqueous phase is extracted again with 50 ml acetic acid ethyl ester and the combined organic phases are washed with 50 ml water, dried over sodium sulfate and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The residue is chromatographically pre-purified over silica gel with CHCl[0495] 3/CH3OH (95/5) and subsequently purified by flash-chromatography with CHCl3/CH3OH (100/0 to 94/6), After drawing off the solvent, this is crystallized from 19 ml acetic acid ethyl ester/petroleum ether. Colorless crystals with a MP of 141-143° C. were recovered; yield 0.6 g (10%).
    C28H31N3O (425.6)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3820 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1660, 1550 cm−1
    ν(C═C)    1620 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 1.05-2.00(9H, m, piperidine,
    piperidine-CH2)
    2.70-3.00(2H, m, piperidine)
    3.41(2H, dt, CONHCH 2, J=6.6Hz, J=
    12.7Hz)
    4.23(1H, s, Ar2CH)
    5.55-5.80(1H, m, NH)
    6.43(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.6Hz)
    7.00-7.55(11H, m, ar, py)
    7.61(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.6Hz)
    7.60-7.90(1H, m, py)
    8.55-8.65(1H, m, py)
    8.65-8.80(1H, m, py)
  • Example 7
  • N-{4-[1-(9-anthryl)-methylpiperidin-4-yl]-butyl}-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide (Substance 81) [0496]
  • 5.4 g (15.0 mmol) N-[4-piperidin-4-ylfibutyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide dichloride (substance 22) were suspended in 80 ml dichloromethane and added to 5.1 g (50.0 mmol) TEA. To this mixture, a solution of 3.7 g (16.5 mol) (9-anthyl)-methylchloride in dichloromethane is added at RT and stirred overnight. Subsequently, the mixture is washed twice, each with 100 ml water. The organic phase is dried over sodium sulfate and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The residue is chromatographically purified over silica gel with CHCl[0497] 3/CH3OH (95/5 to 94/6) and crystallized first from 100 ml ethanol and then from 83 ml ethanol/diisopropyl ether (75/8) after drawing off the solvent. Yellow crystals with a MP of 162-164° C. were recovered; yield: 1.8 g (25%)
    C32H35N3O (477.6)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3360 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1680, 1560 cm−1
    ν(C═C)    1640 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 0.90-1.80(11H, m, piperidine,
    piperidine-CH2)3)
    2.05-2.40(2H, m, piperidine)
    2.80-3.15(2H, m, piperidine)
    3.20-3.55(2H, m, CONHCH 2)
    4.45(1H, s, Ar2CH)
    5.60-5.90(1H, m, NH)
    6.42(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.6Hz)
    7.20-8.20(10H, m, ar, py, CH═CHCO)
    8.40-8.90(4H, m, ar, py)
  • Example 8
  • N-{4-[1-(cyclohexylphenylmethyl)-piperidin-4-yl]-butyl}-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide (Substance 84) [0498]
  • 4.5 g (17.7 mmol) (bromcyclohexylphenyl)-methane, 5.6 g (15.5 mmol) N-[4-(piperidin-4-yl)-butyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide dihydrochloride (substance 22), 8.5 g (61.8 mmol) potassium carbonate and 2.8 g (16.9 mmol) sodium iodide are stirred in 200 ml DMF 18 hours at ca. 75° C. After cooling, the mixtuure is filtered over a diatomaceous earth layer and the filtrate is concentrated under vacuum. The residue is taken up in 200 ml CHCl[0499] 3 and washed twice with 60 ml and 30 ml water. The organic phase is dried over a sodium sulfate and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The residue is chromatographically purified over a silica gel with CHCl3/CH3OH (96/4 bis 92/8) and crystallized three times, each from 40 ml acetonitrile and once at the conclusion from 50 ml acetonitrile. Colorless crystals with a MP of 143-145° C. were recovered; yield 0,58 g (8%).
    C30H41N3O (459.7)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3330 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1680, 1570 cm−1
    ν(C═C)    1640 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 0.50-2.20(24H, m, piperidine,
    piperidine-CH2)3, cyclohexane)
    2.55-2.90(2H, m, piperidine)
    3.08(1H, d, Ar—CH, J=9.2Hz)
    3.35(2H, dt, CONHCH 2, J=6.5Hz, J=
    12.7Hz)
    5.70-6.05(1H, m, NH)
    6.45(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.6Hz)
    7.00-7.50(6H, m, ar, py)
    7.60(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.6Hz)
    7.60-7.90(1H, m, py)
    8.45-8.65(1H, m, py)
    8.65-8.85(1H, m, py)
  • Example 9
  • N-(4-{1-[bis-(2-chlorphenyl)-methyl]-piperidin-4-yl}-butyl)-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamid (Substance 186) [0500]
  • Production occurred analogously to Example 3. [0501]
  • Batch size: 1.6 g (10.7 mmol) 3-(3-pyridyl)acrylic acid, 1.9 g (15.0 mmol) oxalyl chloride and 3.9 g (10.0 mmol) 4-{1-[bis-(2-chlorophenyl)-methyl]-piperidine-4-y)}-butylamine. In the purification, chromatographic purification is done twice over silica gel with CHCl[0502] 3/CH3OH (97/3 and 97/3 to 95/5) and crystallization is from 25 ml acetic acid after drawing off the solvent. Colorless crystals with a MP of 129-131° C. were recovered; yield 0.6 g (11%).
    C30H33Cl2N3O (522.5)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3240 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1655, 1560 cm−1
    ν(C═C)    1620 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 0.90-1.95(11H, m, piperidine,
    piperidine-CH2)3)
    1.90-2.40(2H, m, piperidine)
    2.55-3.00(2H, m, piperidine)
    3.38(2H, dt, CONCH 2 J=6.5Hz, J=
    12.4Hz)
    5.31(1H, s, Ar2CH)
    5.55-5.90(1H, m, NH)
    6.44(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.6Hz)
    6.90-8.00(11H, m, ar, py, CH═CHCO)
    8.55-8.70(1H, m, py)
    8.70-8.95(1H, m, py)
  • Example 10
  • N-[3-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-propyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide (substance 97) [0503]
  • Production occurred analogously to Example 3. [0504]
  • Batch size: 3.9 g (26.1 mmol) 3-(3-pyridyl)-acrylic acid, 4.1 g (47.4 mmol) oxalyl chloride and 7.38 (23.7 mmol) 3-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidine-4-yl)-propylamine. [0505]
  • In the purification, crystallization is done first from 1-chlorobutane and subsequently once from acetic acid. Colorless crystals with a MP of 110-113° C. were recovered; yield 6.2 g (60%). [0506]
    C29H33N3O (439.6)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3240 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1650, 1555 cm−1
    ν(C═C)    1605 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 0.90-2.25(11H, m, piperidine,
    piperidine-CH2)3)
    2.70-3.05(2H, m, piperidine)
    3.36(2H, dt, CONCH 2 J=6.5Hz, J=
    12.8Hz)
    4.21(1H, s, Ar2CH)
    5.85-6.20(1H, m, NH)
    6.46(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.7Hz)
    6.90-7.70(11H, m, ar, py)
    7.60(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.7Hz)
    7.60-7.90(1H, m, py)
    8.45-8.65(1H, m, py)
    8.65-8.85(1H, m, py)
  • Example 11
  • N-[3-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)propyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-propionamide (substance 96) [0507]
  • 3.0 g (6.8 mmol) N-[3-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-propyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide (substance 97) are suspended in 60 ml THF and added to 5 drops concentrated hydrochloric acid and 0.35 g palladium (5%) on activated carbon. The mixture is stirred at RT under hydrogen atmosphere until consumption of the theoretical amount of hydrogen to be taken up. The suspension is filtered from the catalyst and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The residue is chromatographically purified over a silica gel with CHCl/CH[0508] 3OH/NH4OH (85/15/2) and crystallized twice after drawing off the solvent. Colorless crystals with a MP of 109-110° C. were recovered; yield 1.7 g (56%).
    C29H35N3O2 (441.6)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3230 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1620, 1555 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 1.00-2.00(11H, m, piperidine,
    piperidine-CH2)2)
    2.44(2H, t, CO—CH2, J=7.4Hz)
    2.75-3.15(4H, m, piperidine, py-CH2)
    3.15(2H, dt, CONCH 2 J=6.7Hz, J=
    13.0Hz)
    4.21(1H, s, Ar2CH)
    5.30-5.60(1H, m, NH)
    7.00-7.70(12H, m, Ar, pyridine
    6.90-7.70(11H, m, ar, py)
    8.35-8.55(2H, m, pyridine)
  • Example 12
  • N-[4(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-butyl]-2-(pyridin-3-yloxy)-acetamide (substance 129) [0509]
  • 5.0 g (32.6 mmol) 3-pyridyloxyacetic acid and 3.95 g (39.1 mmol) TEA are suspended in 200 ml abs. dichloromethane and cooled to ca. 0° C. under moisture exclusion. 6.34 g (41.3 mmol) 88% HOBT and 7.49 g (39.1 mmol) EDC are added and the mixture is stirred 30 min under ice cooling. 11.56 g (35.9 mmol) N-4-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidine-4-yl)-butylamine are dissolved in 50 ml abs. dichloromethane and added dropwise under ice cooling. The mixture is stirred without further cooling at RT overnight. Subsequently, the batch is washed once with 50 ml 1M NaOH and twice each with 70 ml water. The organic phase is dried over sodium sulfate and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The resinous residue is chromatographically purified over silica gel with CHCl[0510] 3/CH3OH (95/5 to 90/10) and crystallized from 30 ml acetic acid ethyl ester after drawing off the solvent. Colorless crystals with a MP of 103-105° C. were recovered; yield 3.45 g (23%).
    C29H35N3O2 (457.6)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3360 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1660, 1545 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 0.95-2.05(13H, m, piperidine,
    piperidine-CH2)3)
    2.70-3.00(2H, m, piperidine)
    3.34(2H, dt, CONHCH 2, J=6.5Hz, J=
    12.9Hz)
    4.21(1H, s, Ar2CH)
    4.51(2H, s, COCH2O)
    6.40-6.70(1H, m, NH)
    7.00-7.60(12H, m, Ar, py)
    8.20-8.45(2H, m, py)
  • Example 13
  • N-[5(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-pentyl]-3-pyridin-3-yl)-propionamide (Substance 142) [0511]
  • 2.47 g (16.3 mmol) 3-(3-pyridyl)priopionic acid are suspended in 40 ml abs. dichloromethane and, after addition of three drops of pyridine, cooled to ca. 0° C. in an ice bath under moisture exclusion. 1.90 ml (22.3 mmol) oxalyl chloride are added slowly and the mixture is first stirred under ice cooling for 30 minutes and then at RT overnight. Subsequently, the solvent and excess oxalyl chloride is distilled off in a rotary evaporator. In order to completely remove the oxalyl chloride, the colorless residue is further dried for two hours under high-vacuum. The acid chloride obtained in this manner is suspended in 50 ml abs. dichloromethane and cooled to ca. 0° C. in an ice bath under moisture exclusion without further purification. 5.0 g (14.8 mmol) 5-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-pentylamine are dissolved in 40 ml abs. dichloromethane and added dropwise to this suspension. After complete addition, the ice bath is removed and the reaction mixture is stirred for a further two hours at RT. The mixture is subsequently concentrated, taken up in 10% sodium hydroxide solution and extracted three times with acetic acid ethyl ester. The combined organic phases are washed with a saturated NaCl solution, dried over sodium sulfate and the solvent is removed in a vacuum. The residue is chromatographically purified over silica gel with CHCl[0512] 3CH3OH (96/4) and crystallized from 40 ml acetonitrile after drawing off the solvent. Colorless crystals with a MP of 112-114° C. were recovered; yield: 3.5 g (50%)
    C31H39N3O (469.7)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3260 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1635, 1550 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 0.90-2.00(15H, m, piperidine,
    piperidine-CH2)4)
    2.40(2H, t, CH—CH2, J=7.5)
    2.70-3.10(4H, m, piperidine, py, CH2)
    3.19(2H, dt, CONHCH2, J=6.6Hz, J=
    12.6Hz)
    4.21(1H, s, Ar2CH)
    5.30-5.60(1H, m, NH)
    7.00-7.75(12H, m, Ar, py)
    8.35-8.65(2H, m, py)
  • Example 14
  • N-[4-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-butyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-propionamide (substance 100) [0513]
  • 21.6 g (131 mmol) 3-(3-pyridyl)-propionic acid methyl ester, 35.1 g ml (109 mmol) 4-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidine-4-yl)butylamine and 9.8 g (54.5 mmol) 30% sodium methylate solution in methanol are heated to boiling in 480 ml toluene for five hours. Subsequently, 30 ml of solvent are distilled; thereby, sodium methylate precipitates and the temperature of the suspension increases to 102° C. under heavy foaming. The mixture is cooled to 70-80° C. and extracted twice with 45 ml and 30 ml of water. The organic phase is azeotropically dried on a moisture separator and cooled to ca. 0° C. The resulting precipitate is filtered off and crystallized from 190 ml toluol. Colorless crystals with a MP of 139° C. were recovered; yield 46.3 g (93%). [0514]
    C30H37N3O (455.6)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3250 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1630, 1570 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 1.00-2.10(13H, m, piperidine,
    piperidine-CH2)3)
    2.43(2H, t, CO—CH2, J=7.4Hz)
    2.70-3.10(4H, m, py-CH2)
    3.12(2H, dt, CONHCH 2, J=6.5Hz, J=
    12.5Hz)
    4.21(1H, s, Ar2CH)
    5.45-5.75(1H, m, NH)
    7.05-7.60(12H, m, Ar, py)
    8.30-8.60(2H, m, py)
  • Example 15
  • N-{4-[1-(6,11-dihydrodibenzo[b,e]-oxepin-11-yl)-piperidineyl]-butyl}-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-propionamide (substance 230) [0515]
  • 3.46 g (15 mmol) 11-chloro-6,11-dihydrodibenzo[b,e]oxepine are dissolved in 90 ml abs. dichloromethane and 5.43 g (15 mmol) N-(4-piperidin-4-yl-butyl)-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-propionamide dihydrochloride are added. 5.0 g (49.5 mmol) TEA are dissolved in 20 ml abs. dichloromethane and added dropwise under ice cooling. The mixture is stirred without further cooling for two days at RT. Subsequently, the batch is washed twice, each with 50 ml water. The organic phase is dried over silica gel with CHCl[0516] 3/CH3OH (95/5) and crystallized twice at first, each from 10 ml 1-chlorobutane, and subsequently crystallized once from 10 ml acetic acid. Colorless crystals with a MP of 110-112° C. were isolated, yield 0.2 g (3%/O).
    C31H37Cl2N3O2 (483.6)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3240 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1630, 1570 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 0.80-2.00(13H, m, piperidine,
    piperidine-CH2)3)
    2.43(2H, t, CO—CH2, J=7.5Hz)
    2.55-3.30(6H, m, piperidine, py-CH2,
    CONHCH 2)
    3.83(1H, s, Ar2CH)
    4.68(1H, d, O—CH, J=11.3Hz)
    5.25-5.55(1H, m, NH
    6.65-7.65(11H, m, Ar, py, O—CH)
    8.35-8.60(2H, m, py)
  • Example 16
  • N-{4-[1-(9H-fluorene)piperidine-4-yl]-butyl}-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-propionamide (substance 209) [0517]
  • 8.0 g (27.7 mmol) N-(4-piperidin-4-yl-butyl)-3-pyridin-3-yl)-propionamide and 5.6 g (55.3 mmol) TEA are present in 100 ml acetonitrile and cooled to ca. 0° C. under moisture exclusion. 6.8 g (27.7 mmol) 9-bromofluorene are added in solid form and the mixture is stirred for 2 days at ca. 65° C. and for two days at RT. Subsequently, the solvent is drawn off under vacuum to a large extent and the residue is dispersed between CHCl[0518] 3 and 10% NaOH. The organic phase is washed twice with water and dried over sodium sulfate. After the removal of the solvent, the residue is chromatographically purified over silica gel with CHCl3/CH3OH (98/2 to 94/6) and crystallized from 30 ml acetonitrile after drawing off the solvent. Colorless crystals with a MP of 131-132° C. were recovered; yield 2.5 g (20%).
    C30H35N3O (453.6)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3300 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1630, 1530 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 0.95-1.80(11H, m, piperidine,
    piperidine-CH2)3)
    2.25-2.80(6H, m, piperidine,
    CO—CH2)
    2.97(2H, t, py-CH2, J=7.5Hz)
    3.19(2H, dt, CONHCH 2, J=6.5Hz, J=
    12.5Hz)
    4.82(1H, s, ArCH)
    5.25-5.55(1H, m, NH)
    7.10-7.80(10H, m, Ar, py,)
    8.35-8.55(2H, m, py)
  • Example 17
  • N-{4-[1-(2-naphthylsulfonyl)-piperidin-4-yl]-butyl}-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-propionamide (substance 337) [0519]
  • 3.5 g (12 mmol) N-(4-piperidin-4-yl-butyl)-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-propionamide and 6.7 g (48.1 mmol) TEA are present in 100 ml abs. dichloromethane and cooled to ca. 0° C. under moisture exclusion. 3.0 g (13.2 mmol) naphthaline-2-sulfonic acid chloride are dissolved in 40 ml abs. dichloromethane and added dropwise. The mixture is stirred without further cooling at RT overnight. Subsequently, the batch is washed twice, each with 80 ml water The organic phase is dried over sodium sulfate and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The residue is chromatographically purified over silica gel with CHCl[0520] 3/CH3OH (97/3) and crystallized from acetic acid ethyl ester after drawing off the solvent. Colorless crystals with a MP of 103-105° C. were recovered; yield 2.87 g (50%).
    C27H33N3O3S (479.6)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3320 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1645, 1530 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 0.90-1.90(11H, m, piperidine,
    piperidine-CH2)3)
    2.05-2.40(2H, m, piperidine)
    2.42(2H, t, CO—CH2, J=7.4Hz)
    2.80-3.30(4H, t, dt, Py-CH2, J=7.4Hz,
    CONHCH 2)
    3.70-4.00(2H, m, piperidine)
    5.40-5.70(1H, m, NH)
    7.10-8.15(8H, m, Ar, Py,)
    8.25-8.55(3H, m, Ar, Py)
  • Example 18
  • N-{4-[1-(naphthylaminocarbonyl)-piperidin-4-yl]-butyl}-3(pyridin-yl)-propionamide (substance 305) [0521]
  • 2.6 g (17.7 mmol)1-naphthyl isocyanate are dissolved in 15 ml abs. THF and cooled to 0° C. under moisture exclusion. 5.1 g (17.7 mmol) N-(4-piperidine-4-yl-butyl)-3-(pyridine-3-yl)-propionamide are dissolved in 35 ml abs. THF and added dropwise under ice cooling. The mixture is stirred without further cooling at RT overnight. Subsequently, the solution is drawn off under vacuum to a large extent and the residue is chromatographically purified over silica gel with CHCl[0522] 3CH3OH (90/10) and further purified by flash-chromatography with CHCl3/CH3OH (95/5 to 90/10). After drawing off the solvent, crystallization occurs from isopropanol/diisopropanol. Colorless crystals with a MP of 143-144° C. were recovered; yield 0.77 g (9%).
    C28H34N4O2 (458.6)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3240 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1630, 1560 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 0.95-1.95(11H, m, piperidine,
    piperidine-CH2)3)
    2.40(2H, t, CO—CH2, J=7.4Hz)
    2.75-3.40(6H, m, piperidine, Py-CH2,
    CONHCH 2)
    4.00-4.30(2H, m, piperidine)
    5.55-5.85(1H, m, NH)
    6.77(1H, s, NH)
    7.10-8.00(9H, m, Ar, Py,)
    8.35-8.55(2H, m, Ar, Py)
  • Example 19
  • N-{4-[1-(2-naphthoyl)piperidin-4-yl]-butyl}-(pyridin-3-yl)-propionamide (substance 274) [0523]
  • 6.0 g (20.7 mmol) N-(4-piperidine-4-yl-butyl)-3-(pyridine-3-yl)-propionamide and 2.1 g (20.7 mmol) TEA are dissolved in 30 ml abs. dichloromethane and cooled to ca. 0° C. under moisture extraction. 3.95 g (20.7 mmol) 2-naphthoylchloride are dissolved in 40 ml abs. dichloromethane and added dropwise under ice cooling. The mixture is stirred without further cooling at RT overnight. Subsequently, the batch is made basic by the addition of 10% sodium hydroxide solution and washed twice with a small amount of water. The organic phase is dried over sodium sulfate and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The resinous residue is chromatographically purified with CHCl[0524] 3/CH3OH (96/4). Yield of colorless resin: 5.4 g (59%).
    C28H33N3O2 (443.6)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): n(NH)     3300 cm−1
    n(C═O)    1630, 1540 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 1.00-2.05(11H, m, piperidin,
    piperidine-(CH2)3)
    2.55(2H, t, CH—CH2, J=7.5Hz)
    2.70-3.45(6H, m, piperidine, Py-CH2,
    CONHCH 2)
    3.65-4.15(1H, m, piperidin)
    4.50-5.05(1H, m, piperidine)
    5.60-5.85(1H, m, NH)
    7.20-7.35(1H, m, Py)
    7.50-7.75(4H, m, Ar, Py)
    7.85-8.10(4H, m, Ar)
    8.40-8.65(2H, m, Py)
  • Example 20/1
  • N-(4-piperidin-4-yl-butyl)-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-propionamide (substance 21) [0525]
  • 100 g (219.5 mmol) N-[4-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidine-4-yl)-butyl]-3-(pyridine-3-yl)-propionamide (substance 100) are dissolved in 500 ml ethanol and mixed with 8.0 g palladium (5%) on activated carbon (moistened with 40 ml water) and 25 ml conc. hydrochloric acid. The mixture is heated to ca. 45° C. and stirred under hydrogen atomosphere until consumption of the theoretical amount of hydrogen to be taken up (ca five hours). After cooling, the catalyst is filtered and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The residue is taken up in 200 ml water and washed three times with a total of 200 ml CHCl[0526] 3. The organic phases are discarded and the aqueous phase is made alkaline with 11 g sodium hydroxide and extracted three times, each with 100 ml CHCl3. After washing the organic phase with 30 ml water, the solvent is removed under vacuum. The oily residue is filtered over silica gel with CHCl3/CH3OH/NH4OH (80/20/2). Yield of the gradually hardening resin: 53.0 g (83%).
  • For spectroscopic data, see Example 20/2. [0527]
  • Example 20/2
  • N-(4-piperidin-4-yl-butyl)-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-propionamide (substance 21) [0528]
  • 100 g (219.5 mmol) N-[4-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidine-4-yl)-butyl]-3-(pyridine-3-yl)-acrylamide (Substance 104) are dissolved in 500 ml ethanol and mixed with 8.0 g palladium (5%) on activated carbon (moistened with 40 ml water) and 25 ml conc. hydrochloric acid. The mixture is heated to ca 45° C. and stirred under hydrogen atomosphere until consumption of the theoretical amount of hydrogen to be taken up (ca. 1 day). After cooling, the catalyst is filtered and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The residue is taken up in 400 ml water and washed twice, each with 100 ml toluol. The organic phases are discarded and the aqueous phase is made alkaline with 400 ml 4M-sodium hydroxide solution and extracted three times each with 200 ml dichloromethane. The combined organic phases are dried over sodium sulfate and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The wax-like residue is filtered over silica gel with CHCl[0529] 3/CH3OH/NH4OH (90/9/1). Yield: 58.3 g (91%). C29H33N3O2 (443.6)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3300 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1630, 1540 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 0.90-1.80(12H, m, piperidin, NH
    piperidine-(CH2)3)
    2.35-2.75(4H, m, CO—CH2, piperidine)
    2.80-3.35(6H, m, piperidine, Py-CH2,
    CONHCH 2)
    6.05-6.40(1H, m, NH)
    7.10-7.35(1H, m, Py)
    7.40-7.60(1H, m, Py)
    7.20-7.35(1H, m, Py)
    8.30-8.55(2H, m, Py)
  • Example 21
  • N-{4-[1-(6,11-dihydrodibenzo[b,e]thiepin-11-yl)-piperidine-4-yl]-butyl}-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide (substance 230) [0530]
  • 7.02 g (21.5 mmol) N-[4-piperidine-4-yl)-butyl]-3-(pyridine-3-yl)-acrylamide dihydrochloride (substance 22 as dihydrochloride) are suspended in 100 ml abs. dichloromethane and mixed with 7.08 g (70.0 mmol) TEA. The mixture is cooled to ca. 0° C. under moisture exclusion and a solution of 5.30 g (21.5 mmol) 11-chloro-6,1-dihydrodibenzo[b,e]thiepine in 10 ml abs. dichloromethane is added dropwise. The mixture is stirred without further cooling for 24 hours at RT. Subsequently, the batch is washed with 50 ml 10% sodium hydroxide solution and 30 ml water. The organic phase is dried over sodium sulfate and the solution is removed under vacuum. The red-brown residue is chromatographically purified three times over silica gel with CHCl[0531] 31CH3OH (100/0, 97/3 and 96/4 to 94/6). Subsequently, further purification occurs by means of MPLC with CHCl3/CH3OH (98/2). yield: 0.5 g (5%) of a brittle vitreous solid with a MP of 89-91° C.
    C31H35Cl2N3OS (497.7)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3280 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1660, 1550 cm−1
    ν(C═C)    1620 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 0.90-2.00(13H, m, piperidine,
    piperidine-CH2)3)
    2.55-2.95(2H, m, piperidine)
    3.20-3.60(3H, m, CONHCH2 , SCH2)
    4.03(1H, s, Ar2CH)
    6.10-6.35(1H, m, NH)
    5.95-6.30(1H, m, SCH2)
    6.44(1H, d, CH═CHO J=15.7Hz)
    4.68(1H, d, O—CH, J=11.3Hz)
    6.85-7.40(9H, m, Ar, Py)
    8.50-8.65(1H, m, Py)
    8.65-8.80(1H, m, Py)
  • Example 22
  • N-[4(1-diphenylmethylpiperidine-4-yl)-butyl]-5-(pyridin-3-yl)-2,4-pentadienoic Acid Imide (Substance 132) [0532]
  • 3.85 g (22.0 mmol) 5-(3-pyridyl)-2,4-pentadieneoic acid are suspended in 90 ml abs. dichloromethane and, after addition of three drops of pyridine, cooled to ca. 0° C. in an ice bath under moisture exclusion. 3.8 g (30,0 mmol) oxalyl chloride are added dropwise and the mixture is stirred at RT overnight. Subsequently, the solvent and excess oxalyl chloride are distilled off on a rotary evaporator. In order to completely remove the oxalyl chloride, the residue is dried for a further two hours under high-vacuum. The acid chloride obtained in this manner is suspended in 50 ml abs. dichloromethane and cooled to ca. 0° C. 6.44 g (20.0 mmol) 4.(1-diphenylmethylpiperidine-4-yl)-butylamine are dissolved in 40 ml abs. dichloromethane and added dropwise to the suspension. After complete addition, the ice bath is removed and the reaction is stirred for a further two hours at RT. The mixture is subsequently washed with 10% sodium hydroxide solution. The organic phase is washed twice, each with 40 ml water, dried over sodium sulfate and the solution is removed under vacuum. The residue is chromatographically purified three times over silica gel with CHCl[0533] 3CH3OH (98/2 to 95/5) and crystallized twice from 250 ml acetonitrile after removal of the solvent Beige-colored crystals with a MP of 164-166° C. are isolated; yield: 4.7 g (49%)
    C32H37N3O (479.6)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3280 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1650, 1550 cm−1
    ν(C═C)    1600 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 1.00-2.00(13H, m, piperidine,
    piperidine-CH2)3)
    2.70-3.00(2H, m, piperidine)
    3.34(2H, dt, CONHCH2 , J=6.6Hz,
    J=12.8Hz)
    4.21(1H, s, Ar2CH)
    5.50-5.75(1H, m, NH)
    6.44(1H, d, CH═CH J=14.7Hz)
    6.75-6.95(2H, m, CH═CH)
    7.05-7.50(12H, m, Ar, Py, CH═CH)
    7.65-7.85(1H, m, Py)
    8.45-8.55(1H, m, Py)
    8.60-8.75(1H, m, Py)
  • Example 23
  • N-[4-(1-benzoylpiperidine-4-yl)-butyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide (Substance 259) [0534]
  • 5.1 g (36.2 mmol) benzoyl chloride are dissolved in 150 ml abs. dichloromethane and cooled to ca. 0° C. under moisture exclusion. 10.4 g (36.2 mmol) N-[4-piperidine-4-yl)-butyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide (Substance 22) are dissolved in 50 ml abs. dichloromethane and added dropwise under ice cooling. The mixture is stirred without further cooling at RT overnight. Subsequently, the suspension is added to 60 ml sodium hydroxide solution and extracted twice, each with 80 ml dichloromethane. The combined organic phases are washed twice, each with 60 ml water, dried over sodium sulfate and the solution is removed under vacuum. The residue is chromatographically purified three times over silica gel with CHCl[0535] 3/CH3OH (97/3 to 95/5) and crystallized from 75 ml acetonitrile. Colorless crystals with a MP of 100-102° C. were recovered; yield: 9.8 g(69%).
    C24H29N3O2 (391.5)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3280 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1670, 1545 cm−1
    ν(C═C)    1630 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 0.80-2.00(11H, m, piperidine,
    piperidine-CH2)3)
    2.55-4.00(5H, m, piperidine,
    CONHCH2 )
    4.40-4.90(1H, piperidine)
    6.00-6.25(1H, m, NH)
    6.48(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.7Hz)
    8.50-8.65(1H, m, Py)
    8.65-8.80(1H, m, Py)
  • Example 24/
  • N-(1-diphenylmethylazetidin-3-ylmethyl)-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide (Substance 2) [0536]
  • Production occurred analogously to Example 22. [0537]
  • Batch size: 4.3 g (28.7 mmol) 3-(3-pyridyl)-acrylic acid, 6.7 ml (78.4 mmol) oxalyl chloride and 6.6 g (26.1 mmol) 3-(1-diphenylmethylazetidine-3-ylmethyl)-amine. [0538]
  • In the work up, the reaction mixture is washed with sodium hydroxide solution. The aqueous phase is extracted twice, each with 50 ml dichloromethane. The combined organic phases are dried over sodium sulfate and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The residue is chromatigraphically pre-purified over silica gel with CHCl[0539] 3/CH3OH (98/2 to 95/5) and subsequently purified twice by flash chromatography with CHCl3/CH3OH (99/1 to 95/5). An amorphous solid with a MP of 72-74° C. remains after the removal of the solvent; yield 0.75 g (7%).
    C25H25N3O (383.5)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3280 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1680, 1570 cm−1
    ν(C═C)    1640 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 2.40-2.80(1H, m, azetidine)
    2.80-3.10(2H, m, azetidine)
    3.10-3.40(2H, m, azetidine)
    3.60(2H, dd, CONCH2 J=6.5Hz,
    J=12.8Hz)
    4.36(1H, Ar2CH)
    6.45-6.75(1H, m, NH)
    6.50(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.7Hz)
    7.00-7.50(11H, m, Ar, Py)
    7.62(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.7Hz)
    7.65-7.90(1H, m, Py)
    8.50-8.70(1H, m, Py)
    8.70-8.85(1H, m, Py)
  • Example 25
  • N-(4-diphenylmethylmorpholin-2-ylmethyl)-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide (Substance 378) [0540]
  • Production occurred analogously to Example 22. [0541]
  • Batch size: 2.3 g (15.6 mmol) 3-(3-pyridyl)-acrylic acid, 5.4 g (42.5 mmol) oxalyl chloride and 3.6 g (14.7 mmol) 2-aminomethyl-4-diphenylmethylmorpholine. [0542]
  • In the work up, 40 ml 10% sodium hydroxide solution are added to the reaction solution. The aqueous phase is extracted with 15 ml dichloromethane. The combined organic phases are washed twice, each with 15 ml water, dried over sodium sulfate and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The residue is chromatigraphically purified three times over silica gel with CHCl/CH[0543] 3OH (95/5, 90/10 and 90/10). An amorphous solid with a MP of 71-74° C. remains after the removal of the solvent; yield 0.8 g (13%).
    C26H27N3O2 (413.5)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3370 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1655, 1540 cm−1
    ν(C═C)    1620 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 1.70-2.30(2H, m, morpholine)
    2.55-2.90(2H, m, morpholine)
    3.00-3.35(1H, m, morpholine)
    3.50-4.00(4H, m, CONHCH2 ,
    morpholine)
    4.20(1H, Ar2CH)
    6.00-6.25(1H, m, NH)
    6.47(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.7Hz)
    4.36(1H, Ar2CH)
    7.60(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.7Hz)
    7.00-7.55(11H, m, Ar, Py)
    7.60(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.7Hz)
    7.65-7.90(1H, m, Py)
    8.50-8.70(1H, m, Py)
    8.70-8.80(1H, m, Py)
  • Example 26
  • N-{4-[1-(9-oxo-9H-fluorene-4-carbonyl)-piperidine-4-yl]-butyl}-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide (Substance 277) [0544]
  • 5.0 g (20.0 mmol) 95% 9-fluorene-1-acyl chloride were dissolved in 70 ml abs. dichloromethane and 6.5 g (18.2 mmol) N-[4-(piperidine-4-yl)butyl]-3-(pyridine-3-yl)-acrylamide dihydrochloride (substance 22) are added. The mixture is cooled to ca 0° C. under moisture exclusion and 4.0 g (40.0 mmol) TEA dissolved in 10 ml abs. dichloromethane is added dropwise. The batch is stirred without cooling at RT overnight. In the work up, 150 ml 10% sodium hydroxide solution are added to the reaction solution and extracted by shaking. The organic phase is washed with 100 ml water, dried over sodium sulfate and the solution is removed under vacuum. The residue is pre-purified over silica gel with CHCl[0545] 3/CH3OH (96/4 to 95/5) and subsequently purified by flash chromatography with CHCl3/CH3OH (95/5). The product remains as a yellow, vitreous solid with MP of 80-82° C. after removal of the solvent; yield: 2.3 g (25%)
    C31H31N3O3 (493.6)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3320 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1730, 1640 cm−1
    ν(C═C)    1620 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 0.70-2.05(11H, m, piperidine,
    piperidine-CH2)3)
    2.60-3.80(5H, m, piperidine,
    CONHCH2 )
    4.70-5.05(1H, piperidine)
    5.85-6.20(1H, m, NH)
    6.47(1H, d, CH═CHO J=15.7Hz)
    7.15-7.90(10H, m, Ar,
    PyCH═CHCO, J=15.7Hz)
    8.50-8.65(1H, m, Py)
    8.65-8.85(1H, m, Py)
  • Example 27
  • N-[3-(1-benzylpiperidine-4-yloxy)-propyl]-3-(pyridin-yl)-acrylamide (Substance 55) [0546]
  • 2.4 g (16.2 mmol) 3-(3-pyridyl)-acrylic acid and 2.3 g (16.2 mmol) TEA were suspended in 50 ml abs. tolueneand a solution of 1.5 ml (15.5 mmol) chloroformic ethyl ester in 20 ml abs. tolueneis added dropwise under moisture exclusion and gentle cooling. This yellow suspension is stirred two hours at RT and then a solution of 3.5 g (14.1 mmol) 3-(1-benzylpiperidine-4-yloxy)propylamine in 20 ml abs. tolueneis added dropwise. The mixture is stirred at RT and subsequently extracted by shaking in the heat three timnes with 10 ml water, 2M sodium hydroxide solution and again with water, respectively. The organic phase is concentrated under vacuum and the orange colored, oily residue is chromatographically purified twice over silica gel with CHCl[0547] 3/CH3OH/NH4OH (90/9/1 and 95/50 to 90/10/0) and crystallized twice from 10 ml acetic acid ethyl ester. Colorless crystals with a MP of 100-102° C. were recovered; yield: 1.9 g (35%).
    C23H29N3O2 (379.5)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3290 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1650, 1530 cm−1
    ν(C═C)    1610 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 1.50-2.45(8H, m, piperidine,
    C—CH2—C)
    2.70-3.00(2H, m, piperidine)
    3.25-3.80(7H, m, piperidine,
    CONHCH2 , Ar—
    CH2, O—CH2)
    6.54(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.7Hz)
    7.25-7.50(6H, m, Ar, Py)
    7.69(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.7Hz)
    7.80-8.00(1H, m, Py)
    8.60-8.75(1H, m, Py)
    8.75-8.90(1H, m, Py)
  • Example 28
  • N-[4-(1-benzoylpiperidine-3-yl)-butyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)acrylamide (Substance 56) [0548]
  • Production occurred analogously to Example 27. [0549]
  • Batch size: 2.6 g (17.4 mmol) 3-(3-pyridyl)-acrylic acid, 1.6 ml (19.0 mmol) oxalyl chloride and 3.9 g (15.8 mmol) 4-(1-benzlypiperidine-3-yl)-butylamine in 100 ml abs. dichloromethane. [0550]
  • The reaction time is increased to 6 hours at RT. In the work up, the batch is washed with 50 ml sodium hydroxide solution and the aqueous phase is extracted with 50 ml dichloromethane. The combined organic phases are concentrated under vacuum and the residue is chromatigraphically purified twice over silica gel with CHCl[0551] 3/CH3OH (93/7 and 95/5), subsequently further purified by flash chromatography with CHCl3/CH3OH, 95/5 and 97/3) and crystallized from 5 ml acetic acid ethyl ester. Colorless crystals with a MP of 80-82° C. were recovered; yield 0.9 g (15%).
    C24H31N3O (377.5)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3300 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1650, 1530 cm−1
    ν(C═C)    1610 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 1.00-2.10(13H, m, piperidine,
    piperidine-CH2)3)
    2.65-2.95(2H, m, piperidine)
    3.37(2H, dt, CONHCH2 ,
    J= 6.5Hz, J= 12.7Hz)
    3.50(2H, s, Ar—CH2)
    5.65-5.95(1H, m NH)
    6.46(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.6Hz)
    7.10-7.40(6H, m, Ar, Py)
    7.62(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.6Hz)
    7.65-7.90(1H, m, Py)
    8.50-8.65(1H, m, Py)
    8.70-8.80(1H, m, Py)
  • Example 29
  • N-[4(1-tert-butoxycarbonylpiperidine-4-yl)-butyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide (Substance 367) [0552]
  • Production occurred analogously to Example 22. TEA is also added dropwise with the addition of the amine. [0553]
  • Batch size: 16.4 g (110 mmol) 3-(3-pyridyl)-acrylic acid, 18.9 g (150 mmol) oxalyl chloride and 25.6 g (100 mmol) 4-(1-tert-butoxycarbonylpiperidine-4-yl)-butylamine and 10.1 g (100 mmol) TEA in 300 ml abs. dichloromethane. [0554]
  • In the work up, 100 ml 10% sodium hydroxide solution are added to the reaction solution. The aqueous phase is extracted with 30 ml dichloromethane. The combined organic phases are washed twice, each with 25 ml water and the solution is removed under vacuum. The residue is dissolved in CHCl[0555] 3/CH3OH (90/10) and filtered through a thin silica gel layer. The crude product remains as a red oil after the revomal of the solvent (44.0 g). For purification this is chromatographed with CHCl3/CH3OH,-(95/5) on a silica gel; yield 26.5 g (68%) as a yellow viscous oil.
    C22H33N3O3 (387.50)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3250 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1670, 1540 cm−1
    ν(C═C)    1600 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 0.80-1.90(20H, m, piperidine,
    piperidine-CH2)3, tert.butyl)
    2.30-2.90(2H, m, piperidine)
    3.10-3.60(2H, m, piperidine)
    3.80-4.30(2H, m, CONHCH2 )
    6.15-6.55(1H, m NH)
    6.43(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.6Hz)
    3.50(2H, s, Ar—CH2)
    8.35-8.55(2H, m, Py)
    8.55-8.70(1H, m, Py)
  • Example 30
  • N-[4-(piperidine-4-yl)butyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide Dihydrochloride (Substance 22 as Dihydrochloride) [0556]
  • 44.0 g (<13.5 mmol) crude N-[4-(1-tert-butoxycarbonylpiperidine-4-yl)-butyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-acrylamide (substance 367) are dissolved in 400 ml ethanol and added to 26.0 ml concentrated hydrochloric acid. The mixture is heated to boiling for three hours and the solvent is removed under vacuum after cooling. The yellow residue is crystallized from 500 ml isopropanol. Beige colored crystals with a MP of 178-188° C. were recovered; yield: 32.6 g (90%). [0557]
    C17H25N3O2 (360.3)
    IR-Spectrum (KBr): ν(NH)     3260 cm−1
    ν(C═O)    1670, 1545 cm−1
    ν(C═C)    1630 cm−1
    1H-NMR-Spectrum (CDCl3): 0.95-1.95(11H, m, piperidine,
    piperidine CH2)3)
    2.60-3.00(2H, m, piperidine)
    3.00-3.40(4H, m, piperidine,
    CONHCH2 ,)
    6.73(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.9Hz)
    7.41(1H, d, CH═CHCO, J=15.9Hz)
    7.80-8.00(1H, m, Py)
    8.50-8.65(2H, m, Py)
    8.65-8.90(1H, m, Py)
  • Further examples of the synthesized compounds are listed in the following Table 2, giving the structural features and melting points, for the further illustration of the compounds used according to the invention with the above characterized pharacological activities. [0558]
    TABLE 2
    Prepared compounds of formula (I)
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00447
    MP [° C.]
    Nr R1 A D—E—G (solvent)1
    2 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00448
    72-74 (amorph; CHCl3/MeOH)
    5 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00449
    164-165 (EE)
    21 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00450
    60-62 (CHCl3/MeOH)
    22 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00451
    140-142 (amorph; CH2Cl2)
    22 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00452
    178-1884(iPrOH)
    23 H CH2CH2CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00453
    57-59 (CHCl3)
    24 H CH═CH—CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00454
    197-2024(iPrOH)
    44 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00455
    61-63 (iPr2O)
    46 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00456
    88-90 (MeCN)
    54 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00457
    55-57 (BuCl)
    55 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00458
    100-102 (EE)
    56 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00459
    80-82 (EE)
    74 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00460
    125 (EE)
    75 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00461
    147-149 (MeCN)
    80 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00462
    133-135 (EtOH)
    81 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00463
    162-164 (EtOH)
    83 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00464
    109-110 (MeCN)
    84 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00465
    143-145 (MeCN)
    89 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00466
    135-136 (EE)
    95 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00467
    141-143 (EE/PE)
    96 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00468
    109-110 (BuCl)
    97 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00469
    110-113 (EE)
    98 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00470
    162-1714(iPrOH)
    99 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00471
    139-140 (EE)
    100 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00472
    139 (EE)
    101
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00473
    Harz4
    102 2-OH CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00474
    135-136 (MeCN)
    103 6-CH3O CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00475
    135-137 (BuCl)
    104 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00476
    156 (EE)
    104 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00477
    118-1205(Aceton)
    104 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00478
    1634(iPrOH)
    105
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00479
    ca. 205 (Zers.) (CHCl3)
    110 2-Cl CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00480
    136-137 (BuCl)
    111 6-C2H5S CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00481
    158-160 (EE)
    112 6-C6H5O CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00482
    134-135 (BuCl)
    115 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00483
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00484
    132 (MeOH)
    116 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00485
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00486
    58-60 (BuCl)
    117 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00487
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00488
    139-140 (MeCN)
    122
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00489
    72-74 (BuCl/PE)
    123
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00490
    115-117 (iPrOH/iPr2O)
    124
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00491
    94-96 (EE)
    129 H OCH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00492
    103-105 (EE)
    131 H CH2CH2CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00493
    109 (EE)
    132 H CH═CH—CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00494
    164-166 (MeCN)
    133 H CH2NHCH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00495
    138-1404(iPrOH)
    134 H
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00496
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00497
    Harz4
    142 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00498
    112-114 (MeCN)
    143 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00499
    150-152 (iPrOH)
    147 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00500
    178-180 (EE)
    150 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00501
    159-161 (MeCN)
    153 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00502
    78-78 (MeCN)
    154 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00503
    129-131 (MeCN)
    165 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00504
    190-192 (MeCN)
    171 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00505
    108 (EE)
    174 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00506
    79-81 (PE)
    185 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00507
    125 (iPrOH)
    186 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00508
    129-131 (EE)
    187 H CH2CH2CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00509
    viskoses Ol4
    195 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00510
    82-57 (amorph; CHCl3/MeOH)
    198 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00511
    150-152 (MeCN)
    209 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00512
    131-132 (MeCN)
    218 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00513
    113-115 (EE)
    219 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00514
    125-127 (MeCN)
    230 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00515
    110-112 (EE)
    231 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00516
    139-141 (EE)
    233 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00517
    89-91 (amorph; CHCl3/MeOH)
    239 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00518
    Harz4
    252 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00519
    161 (EtOH/Et2O)
    253 H CH═CH—CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00520
    77-79 (EE/BuCl)
    254 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00521
    105-106 (MeCN/MTBE)
    259 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00522
    100-102 (MeCN)
    260 H CH═CH—CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00523
    133-135 (EE/BuCl)
    263 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00524
    Harz4
    266 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00525
    104-105 (BuCl)
    269 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00526
    Harz4
    274 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00527
    Harz4
    277 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00528
    80-82 (amorph; CHCl3/MeOH)
    280 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00529
    98-99 (BuCl)
    287 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00530
    85-87 (EtOH)
    305 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00531
    143-144 (iPrOH)
    306 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00532
    196-200 (iPrOH)
    315 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00533
    132-134 (EE)
    316 H CH═CH—CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00534
    146-148 (iPrOH)
    324 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00535
    Harz4
    325 H CH2CH2CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00536
    Harz4
    333 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00537
    Harz4
    337 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00538
    103-105 (EE)
    338 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00539
    85-87 (amorph; CHCl3/MeOH)
    339 H CH2CH2CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00540
    97-98 (EE)
    345 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00541
    159-160 (MeCN)
    356 H CH2CH2
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00542
    134-135 (iPr2O)
    357 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00543
    154-155 (EE)
    367 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00544
    Ol4
    368 H CH═CH—CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00545
    135-136 (EE)
    378 H CH═CH
    Figure US20040029861A1-20040212-C00546
    71-74 (amorph; CHCl3/MeOH)
  • In the following, the production of the starting materials necessary for illustration of the reproducibility for providing the compounds used according to the invention is described by means of several examples. [0559]
  • Example 1A
  • 4-{1-[bis(4-fluorophenyl)-methyl]-piperidin-4-yl)-butane-1-ol [0560]
  • 20 g (103 mmol) 4-piperidin-4-yl-butan-1-ol hydrochloride are suspended in 70 ml 3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrane and added to 1.0 g pyridinium tosylate. The mixture is stirred for two days at RT. After addition of 5 g potassium carbonate, this is concentrated under vacuum to dryness. The resulting 4-[4-tetrahydropyran-2-yloxy)-butyl]-piperidine is dissolved without further purification in 100 ml acetonitrile and added to 25.18 (105 mmol) bis-(4-fluorophenyl)-chloromethane, 30 g (217 mmol) potassium carbonate and 5.0 g (30 mmol) potassium iodide and stirred for four days at RT. The mixture is filtered and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The resulting 1-[bis-(4-fluorophenyl)-methyl]-4-[4-(tetrahydropyran-2-yloxy)-butyl]-piperidine is dissolved without further purification in 150 ml methanol, added to enough 6 M methanolic hydrochloric acid until the pH of the mixture is acidic and left to stand for two days at RT. Subsequently, the solvent is drawn off under vacuum and the residue is dispersed between sodium hydroxide solution and acetic acid ethyl ester. The aqueous solution is extracted three times with acetic acid. The combined organic phases are dried over sodium sulfate and the residue is chromatographically purified over silica gel with CH[0561] 2Cl2/CH3OH(99/1 to 94/4). Yield: 23.8 g (63%).
  • Example 2A
  • 2-(4-{1-[bis(4-fluorophenyl)-methyl]-piperidin-4-yl}-butyl)-isoindol-1,3-dione [0562]
  • 23.1 g (62.5 mmol) 4-{1-[bis(4-fluoraphenyl)-methyl]-piperidin-4-yl}-butan-1-ol, 16.4 g (62.5 mmol) triphenylphosphine and 9.2 g (62.5 mmol) phthalimide are suspended in THF and 10.9 g (62.5 mmol) azodicarboxylic acid diethyl ester is added dropwise under a protective atmosphere and light cooling (ca. 15-25° C.). The mixture is stirred for three hours at RT and subsequently the solvent is removed under vacuum. The residue is chromatographically purified over silica gel with CH[0563] 2Cl2/CH3OH (99.5/0.5) Yield: 27.6 g (90%).
  • Example 3A
  • 4-[1-bis(4-fluorophenyl)-methylpiperidin-4-yl]-butylamine [0564]
  • 27.6 g (56.3 mmol) 2-(4-{(1-[bis(4-fluorophenyl)-methyl]-piperidin-4-yl}-butyl)-isoindol-1,3-dione are suspended in 120 ml ethanol and added to 5.6 g (112 mmol) hydrazine hydrate and heated to boiling for four hours. Afer cooling, the mixture is filtered and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The residue is dispersed between 10% sodium hydroxide solution and acetic acid ethyl ester. The aqueous phase is extracted three times with acetic acid ethyl ester. The combined organic phases are dried over sodium sulfate. The solvent is removed under vacuum and the residue is chromatographically purified over silica gel with CHCl[0565] 3/CH3OH/NHOH (95/5/0 to 90/10/1). Yield: 14.6 g (73%).
  • Example 4A
  • 4-[1-(10,11-dihydro-1H-dibenzo-[a,d]cyclohepten-5-yl)-piperidin-4-yl]-butane-1-ol [0566]
  • 26.3 g (<109 mmol) 4-[4-tetrahydropyran-2-yloxy)-butyl]-piperidine (crude product) and 23.3 g (229 mmol) TEA are dissolved in 150 ml acetonitrile and added in portions to 25.0 g (109 mmol) 5-chloro-10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cycloheptene under cooling. The mixture is stirred at RT overnight Subsequently, the solvent is removed under vacuum and the residue is dispersed betweenacetic acid ethyl ester and water. The organic phase is dried over sodium sulfate and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The resulting 1-(10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cycloheptene-5-yl)-4-[4 (tetrahydropyran-2-yloxy)-butyl]-piperidine is dissolved without further purification in 200 ml methanol, added to enough 6 M methanolic hydrochloric acid until the pH of the mixture is acidic and stirred for five hours at RT. Subsequently, the solvent is removed under vacuum and the residue is dispersed between 10% sodium hydroxide solution and dichloromethane. The organic phase is dried over sodium sulfate and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The residue is processed further without additional purification. Yield: 38.2 g. [0567]
  • Example 5A
  • 2-{4-[1-(10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cyclohepten-5-yl)piperidin-4-yl]-butyl}-isoindol-1,3-dione [0568]
  • Production occurs analogously to Example 2a [0569]
  • Batch size: 15.0 g (<43 mmol) 4-[1-(10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cyclohepten-5-yl)-piperidin-4-yl]-butan-1-ol (crude product), 11.3 g (43.1 mmol) triphenylphosphine, 6.4 g (43.5 mmol) phthalimide and 7.5 g (43.0 mmol) azodicarboxylic acid diethyl ester in 200 nml THF. For purification, this is chromatographed over silica gel first with dichloromethane and then with petroleum ether/acetic acid ethyl ester (10/1 to 5/1). Yield: 12.0 g (57%) [0570]
  • Example 6A
  • 4-[1-(10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cyclohepten-5-yl)-piperidin-4-yl]-butylamine [0571]
  • Production occurs analogously to Example 3a. [0572]
  • Batch size: 11.5 g (24.0 mmol) 2-(4-[1-(10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cyclohepten-5-yl)-piperidin-4-yl]-butyl}-isoindol-1,3-dione and 2.4 g (48.0 mmol) hydrazine hydrate in 100 ml ethanol. [0573]
  • For work up, the reaction solution is filtered and the filter cake is dispersed between 300 ml acetic acid ethyl ester and 100 ml 10% sodium hydroxide solution. The organic phase is dried over sodium sulfate and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The residue is chromatographically purified over silica gel with CHCl[0574] 3/CH3OH/TEA (95/510 to 94/5/1). Yield: 5.6 g (67%)
  • Example 7A
  • (1-diphenylmethylpiperidineyliden)acetonitrile [0575]
  • 2.9 g (97 mmol) 80% sodium hydride are suspended in abs. THF and a solution of 21.5 g (121 mmol) diethyl-(cyanomethyl)-phosphonate in 150 ml abs. THF is added dropwise under light cooling. The mixture is subsequently stirred 30 minutes at RT and then a solution of 26.5 g (100 mmol) N-(diphenylmethyl)-4-piperidone in 80 ml abs. THF is added dropwise. The suspension is left to stand overnight and subsequently added to 200 ml acetic acid ethyl ester and 100 ml water. The organic phase is separated and washed with 100 ml water, dried over sodium sulfate and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The residue is chromatographically purified over silica gel with dichloromethane. Yield: 22.7 g (78%). [0576]
  • Example 8A
  • (1-diphenylmethylpiperidine-4-yl)-acetonitrile [0577]
  • 9.8 g (33.5 mmol) (1-diphenylmethylpiperidine-4-ylidine)-acetonitrile are dissolved in a mixture of 60 ml dioxane and 70 ml ethanol and added dropwise to 1.5 g palladium (5%) on activated carbon. The mixture is stirred at RT under hydrogen atomosphere until consumption of the theoretical amount of hydrogen to be taken up (ca. 14 hours). The mixture is filtered from the catalyst and the solvent is removed under vacuum The residue is chromatographically purified over silica gel with CHCl[0578] 3/CH3OH (96/4). Yield of yellow oil: 8.4 g (85%).
  • Example 9A
  • 2-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin 4-yl)ethylamine [0579]
  • 2.2 g (58.2 mmol) sodium borohydroxide are suspended in 50 ml abs. THF and cooled to ca. 0° C. under moisture exclusion. 6.7 g (23.1 mmol) (1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)acetonitrile are added and the mixture is subsequently cooled to −5° C. to −10° C. and added dropwise to 1.5 ml (26.7 mmol) 95% sulfuric acid (vigorous foaming). The suspension is left to stand for two days at RT without further cooling. Under renewed cooling to ca. 0° C., 40 ml 2 M sodium hydroxide solution is added dropwise. The aqueous phase is extracted with 30 ml THF and thereafter the combined organic phases are washed twice, each with 30 ml saturated NaCl solution, dried over sodium sulfate and the solution is removed under vacuum. The residue is chromatographically purified over silica gel with CHCl[0580] 3/CH3OH/NH4OH (90/10/1). Yield: 3.9 g (57%).
  • Example 10A
  • 4-{1-[bis(2-chlorophenyl)-methyl]-piperidin-4-yl}-butyronitrile [0581]
  • 20 g (106 mmol) 4-(3-cyanoprop-1-yl)-piperidin hydrochloride, 40.2 g (127 mmol) bis(2-chlorophenyl)-bromomethane and 35.2 g (254 mmol) potassium carbonate are heated to boiling in 90 ml acetone for six hours. After cooling, the mixture is freed from solution under vacuum. The residue is dispersed between 90 ml toluene and 90 ml water. The aqueous phase is extracted with 10 ml tolueneand the combined organic phases are washed with 10 ml water. The organic phase is concentrated and the residue is chromatographically purified over silica gel with CHCL3. Yield: 11.2 g (27%) [0582]
  • Example 11A
  • 4-{1-[bis(2-chlorophenyl)methyl]-piperidin-4-yl}-butylamine [0583]
  • 80 g (20.6 mmol) 4-{1-[bis(2-chlorophenyl)-methyl)-piperidin-4-yl}-butyronitrile are dissolved in 240 ml dioxane/ethanol (1/5) and added to 1.5 g Raney-nickel, The mixture is stirred at RT under hydrogen atmosphere until uptake of the theoretical amount of hydrogen. The reaction solution is filtered from the catalyst and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The residue is dispersed between 100 ml 10% sodium hydroxide solution and 300 ml acetic acid ethyl ester. The organic phase is dried with sodium sulfate and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The resin is processed further without additional purification. [0584]
  • Example 12A
  • 3(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-propan-1-ol [0585]
  • 20 g (111 mmol) 3-piperidin-4-yl-propan-1-ol hydrochloride are suspended in 70 ml 3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrane and added to 0.5 g pyridinium tosylate. The mixture is stirred for two days at RT. After addition of 1 g potassium carbonate, this is concentrated under vacuum to dryness. The resulting 4-[3-tetrahydropyran-2-yloxy)-propyl]-piperidine is dissolved in 90 ml acetonitrile without further purification and added to 35 g (135 mmol) diphenyl bromomethane (95%) and 29 g (210 mmol) potassium carbonate and stirred for four days at RT. The mixture is filtered and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The resulting 1-diphenylmethyl-4-[3-tetrahydropyran-2-yloxy)-propyl]-piperidine is dissolved without further purification in 130 ml methanol and added to 25 ml conc. hydrochloric acid, and the mixture is stirred at RT overnight. Subsequently, the solvent is removed under vacuum and the residue is taken up with 300 ml water and extracted with 300 ml acetic acid ethyl ester. The organic phase is discarded and the aqueous phase is made alkaline with 17 g sodium hydroxide and extracted with 300 g acetic acid ethyl ester. After washing the organic phase with 40 ml water, this is dried over sodium sulfate and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The oil is dried under high-vacuum and processed further without purification Yield: 22.4 g (65%). [0586]
  • Example 13A
  • 2-[3-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidine-4-yl)-propyl]-isoindol-1,3-dione [0587]
  • 20.3 g (65.6 mmol) 3-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-propan-1-ol, 17.2 g (65.6 mmol) triphenylphosphine and 9.7 g (65.6 mmol) phthalimide are suspended in 220 nml THF and a solution of 10.4 ml (65.6 mmol) azodicarbonic acid diethyl ester in SO ml THF is added dropwise within one hour under protective atmosphere and light cooling (ca. 15-25° C.). After a further three hours, the solvent is removed under vacuum and the residue is crystallized from 60 ml 1-chlorobutane. Yield: 12.9 g (45%). [0588]
  • Example 14A
  • 3-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-propanylamine [0589]
  • 12.8 g (29.2 mmol) 2-[3-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidine-4-yl)-propyl]-isoindol-],3-dione are suspended in 110 ml ethanol and added to 2.2 ml (58.4 mmol) hydrazine hydrate and heated to boiling for three hours. After cooling, the mixture is concentrated under vacuum. The residue is dispersed between 300 ml dichloromethane and 50 ml 10% sodium hydroxide solution. The aqueous phase is extracted twice, each with 200 ml dichloromethane. The combined organic phases are washed twice, each with 20 ml water, and dried over sodium sulfate. The solvent is removed under vacuum and the residue is processed fruther without additional purification. Yield 7.3 g (81%) [0590]
  • Example 15A
  • 4-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-butan-1-ol [0591]
  • 120 g (620 mmol) 4-piperidin-4-yl-butan-1-ol hydrochloride are suspended in 400 ml 3,4-dihydro-2H-pyran and added to 1.5 g pyridinium tosylate and 5 ml 8 M methanolic hydrochloric acid. This is stirred for three hours and left to stand at RT overnight. After addition of 5 g potassium carbonate, this is concentrated under vacuum to dryness. The resulting 4-[4-tetrahydropyran-2-yloxy)-butyl]-piperidine is dissolved in 500 ml acetonitrile without further purification and added to 193 g (742 mmol) diphenylmethylbromide (95%) and 160 g (1157 mmol) potassium carbonate and stirred for three days at RT. The mixture is filtered and the filtrate is stirred for one day at RT with a further 20 g (76.8 mmol) diphenylmethylbromide (95%) and 16 g (115.8 mmol) potassium carbonate. The mixture is filtered and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The resulting 1-diphenylmethyl-4-[-(tetrahydropyran-2-yloxy)-butly]-piperidine is dissolved in 700 ml methanol without further purification, added to 120 ml conc. hydrochloric acid, and the mixture is left to stand for two days at RT. Subsequently, the solvent is removed under vacuum and the residue is taken up with 1500 ml water and extracted with 1500 ml acetic acid ethyl ester. The organic phase is discarded and the aqueous phase is adjusted to alkaline with sodium hydroxide and extracted with 700 ml acetic acid ethyl ester. After washing the organic phase with 200 ml water, this is dried over sodium sulfate and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The brown oil is dried under high-vacuum and processed further without purification. Yield: 145 g (72%). [0592]
  • Example 16A
  • 2-[4-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)butyl]-isoindol-1,3-dione [0593]
  • 135.0 g (417 mmol) 4-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)butan-1-ol, 109.5 g (417 mmol) triphenylphosphine and 61.3 g (417 mmol) phthalimide are suspended in THF and 72.6 g (417 mmol) azodicarboxylic acid diethyl ester are added dropwise within 2½ hours under protective atmosphere and light cooling (ca. 15-25° C.). After a further hour, the solvent is removed under vacuum and the residue is crystallized three times from acetic acid ester (1000 ml, 1200 ml and 1100 ml). Colorless crystals with a MP of 150-152 were recovered. Yield: 103 g (54.5%). [0594]
  • Example 17A
  • 4-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-butylamine [0595]
  • 88.9 g (196 mmol) 2-[4-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)butyl]-isoindol-1,3-dione are suspended in 1000 ml ethanol and added to 22.0 g (440 mmol) hydrazine hydrate and heated to boiling for four hours. After cooling, the mixture is filtered and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The solid residue is distributed together with the filter residue under heat between 300 ml 10% sodium hydroxide solution and 300 ml acetic acid ethyl ester. The aqueous phase is extracted once again with 150 ml warm acetic acid ethyl ester. The combined organic phases are extracted twice, each with 300 ml 10% hydrochloric acid. The combined aqueous phases are adjusted to alkaline with 10% sodium hydroxide solution and extracted twice, each with 400 ml acetic acid ethyl ester. The combined organic phases are washed with 100 ml water and dried over sodium sulfate. The solvent is removed under vacuum, the residue is dried under high-vacuum and further processed without additional purification. Yield of gradually solidifying resin: 63 g (99%) [0596]
  • Example 18A
  • 5-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-pentanitrile [0597]
  • 24.9 g (69.2 mmol) 4-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)butan-1-ol hydrochloride are suspended in 160 ml abs. dichloromethane and cooled to ca. 0° C. under moisture exclusion. At this temperature, 16.0 g (159 mmol) TEA is first added, and thereafter, a solution of 10.3 g (90.0 mmol) methanesulfonic acid chloride in a little abs. dichloromethane is added dropwise. The mixture is subsequently stirred for three hours at RT and then placed in ice water. The organic phase is washed once with 50 ml water, dried over sodium sulfate and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The resulting methanesulfonic acid-4-(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)-butyl ester is dissolved in 120 ml DMF without further purification and added to 7.7 g (158 mmol) sodium cyanide and two drops 15-crown-5 and stirred six hours at 65° C. After cooling, the mixture is poured in ice water. The precipitated solid is drawn off and dried under high-vacuum at 40° C. The solid is processed further without additional purification. Yield: 19.9 g (86%). [0598]
  • Example 19A
  • 5(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)pentylamine [0599]
  • 19.0 g (57.1 mmol) 5(1-diphenylmethylpiperidin-4-yl)pentanitrile are dissolved in 240 ml dioxane/ethanol (1/1) and added to 3.2 g Raney-Nickel. The mixture is stirred at RT under hydrogen atmosphere until uptake of the theoretical amount of hydrogen. The mixture is filtered from the catalyst and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The residue is dispersed between 100 ml water and 250 ml acetic acid ethyl ester. The organic phase is dried with sodium sulfate and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The resin is processed further without additional purification Yield: 17.0 g (88%). [0600]
  • Example 20A
  • 4-(1-tert-butoxycarbonylpiperidin-4-yl)-butan-1-ol [0601]
  • 100 g (458 mmol) 4-piperidin-4-yl-butan-1-ol hydrochloride are dissolved in 120 ml water, added to 216 ml (1550 mmol) TEA and cooled to ca. 5-10° C. 122 g (559 mmol) di-tert-butyl dicarbonate dissolved in 400 ml THF are added dropwise within four hours under further cooling. The mixture is left to stand at RT overnight without further cooling. Subsequently, the THY is largely removed under vacuum and the residue is extracted twice with 300 ml and 200 ml CHCl[0602] 3 and the combined organic phases are washed twice, each with 20 ml water. The solvent is removed under vacuum, the residue dried under high-vacuum and processed further without additional purification. Yield: 136 g.
  • Example 21A
  • 2-[4-(1-tert-butoxycarbonylpiperidin-4-yl)-butyl]-isoindol-1,3-dione [0603]
  • 136.0 g (<528 mmol) 4-(1-tert-butoxycarbonylpiperidin-4-ylfibutan-1-ol (crude product), 135.3 g (516 mmol) triphenylphosphine and 75.9 g (516 mmol) phthalimide are suspended in THF and 89.9 g (516 mmol) azodicarboxylic acid diethyl ester are added dropwise within 3 hours under protective atmosphere and light cooling (ca. 15° C.). The mixture is left to stand at RT overnight without further cooling. Subsequently, the solvent is removed under vacuum and the oily residue is dissolved in 500 ml acetic acid ethyl ester and held overnight at 0° C. The sedimented precipitate is filtered and discarded. The solution is concentrated under vacuum and the oily residue is chromatographically purified over silica gel with CHCl[0604] 3 and crystallized from 200 ml isopropanol after drawing off the solvent. Colorless crystals with a MP of 100-102° C. were recovered; yield: 108.5 g (57%).
  • Example 22A
  • 4-(1-tert-butoxycarbonylpiperidin-4-yl)-butylamine [0605]
  • 113.0 g (292 mmol) 2-[4-(1-tert-butoxycarbonylpiperidin-4-yl)-butyl]-isoindol-1,3-dione are dissolved in 600 ml ethanol and added to 29.3 g (585 mmol) hydrazine hydrate are added thereto and heated to boiling for three hours. After cooling the solution, the mixture is filtered and the filtrate is concentrated under vacuum. The residue is distributed under heat between 500 ml toluene and 500 ml 10% sodium hydroxide solution. The organic phase is washed once with 50 ml 10% sodium hydroxide solution and twice, each with 50 ml water. The solvent is removed under vacuum, the residue is dried under high-vacuum at 70° C. and further processed without additional purification. Yield of colorless oil: 64.0 g (85%), [0606]
  • Example 23A
  • (1-diphenylmethylazetidin-3-ylmethyl)-amine [0607]
  • A solution of 10 g (40 mmol) 1-diphenylmethylazetidin-3-carbonitrile in 20 ml abs. THF are added dropwise at RT to a suspension of 3.1 g (80 mmol) lithium aluminum hydride in 80 ml abs. THF and stirred overnight. 2 ml ethanol are carefully added to the batch and the batch is filtered. The filtrate is concentrated under vacuum and dispersed between CHCl[0608] 3 and water. The aqueous phase is extracted twice, each with 50 ml CHCl3, and the combined organic phases are dried over sodium sulfate and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The residue is chromatographically purified over silica gel with CHCl3/CH3OH/NFLOH (90/10/0 to 90/10/1). Yield: 5.6 g (57%) of slowly solidifying resin.
  • Example 24A
  • 3-(1-benzylpiperidin-4-yloxy)-propylamine [0609]
  • 1.0 g (40.9 mmol) 3-(1-benylpiperidin-4-yloxy)-propionitrile are dissolved in 100 ml ethanol and added to a spatula tip of Raney-Nickel. The mixture is stirred at RT under hydrogen atmosphere until the uptake of the theoretical amount of hydrogen (ca. 2 days). The mixture is filtered from the catalyst and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The residue is distilled in a ball-pipe apparatus. Yield of colorless oil: 7.5 g (73%) [0610]
  • Example 25A
  • 4-(1-benzylpiperidin-3-ylidene)-butyronitrile [0611]
  • 77.3 g (188.3 mmol) 3-cyanopropyl triphenylphosphonium bromide are suspended in 300 ml tolueneand added to 22.0 g (191.9 mmol) potassium-tert-butylate. The mixture is cooled to ca. 0° C. under moisture exclusion and a solution of 34.6 g (182.8 mmol) 1-benzyl-3-piperidone in 50 ml tolueneare added dropwise under cooling. The batch is left to stand overnight at ca. 0° C., subsequently diluted with 200 ml tolueneand washed twice, each with 100 ml water. The organic phase is extracted with 150 ml half-concentrated hydrochloric acid. Subsequently, the aqueous phase is made basic with 200 ml 10% sodium hydroxide solution and extracted twice, each with 250 ml toluol. The solvent is removed under vacuum and the residue is chromatographically purified over silica gel with CHCl[0612] 3/CH3OH (97/3). After drawing off the solvent, a light brown oil remains which is further processed without additional purification. Yield: 47.4 g (90%).
  • Example 26A
  • 4-(1-benzylpiperidin-3-yl)butylamine [0613]
  • 8.0 g (33.3 mmol) 4-(1-benzylpiperidin-3-ylidene)-butyronitrile are dissolved in 80 ml ethanol and added to a spatula tip of Raney-Nickel. The mixture is stirred under hydrogen atmosphere until consumption of the theoretical amount of hydrogen to be taken up (ca. 5 days). The mixture is filtered from the catalyst and the solvent is removed under vacuum. The residue is chromatographically purified twice over silica gel with CHCl[0614] 3/CH3OH/NH4OH (90/10/1). After drawing off the solvent, a colorless oil remains which is further processed without additional purification. Yield: 3.9 g (47%).
  • The active ingredients used according to the invention can be processed to the desired medicaments in the form of their acid addition salts, hydrates or solvates individually or in combination with each other or with others, optionally under addition of other active ingredients, for the indications tumor treatment or immunosuppression. In the case of the combination of active ingredients according to the invention with other medicinal forms, these can also optionally be separately present next to each other in the medicine packaging, for example as tablets next to viles, depending on the requirements. [0615]
  • Therefore, further subject-matter of the invention is a medicament with an amount of compounds according to the above defined general formula (I) in combination with the further cytostatic agent, cancerostatic agent, immunosuppressing agent and/or immunomodulatory agent. Therewith, a method for the production of medicaments with an amount of one or more compounds according to formula (I), optionally together with another cytostatic agent or immunosuppressive agent and optionally next to further active ingredients and additives customary and suitable for these indications together with respective pharmaceutically acceptable carriers and adjuvents for providing the finished medical form also falls within the scope of protection according to the invention. [0616]
  • The invention is more closely illustrated in the following by means of the production of respective medicaments suitable for the use according to the invention and the combinations according to the invention as well-as by means of a series of examples for various medical forms suitable for the respective indications. [0617]
  • Therapeutic Administration Forms
  • The production of medicaments with an amount of one or more compounds according to the invention and/or their use in the application according to the invention occurs in the customary manner by means of common pharmaceutical technology methods. For this, the active ingredients as such or in the form of their salts are processed together with suitable, pharmaceutically acceptable adjuvents and carriers to medicinal forms suitable for the various indications and types of application. Thereby, the medicaments can be produced in such a manner that the respective desired release rate is obtained, for example a quick flooding and/or a sustained or depot effect. [0618]
  • Preparations for parenteral use, to which injections and infusions belong, are among the most important systemically employed medicaments for tumor treatment as well as for other indications. [0619]
  • Preferably, injections are administered for the treatment of tumors. These are prepared either in the form of vials or also as so-called ready-to-use injection preparations, for example as ready-to-use syringes or single use syringes in addition to perforation bottles for multiple withdrawals. Administration of the injection preparations can occur in the form of subcutaneous (s.c.), intramuscular (i.m.), intravenous (i.v.) or intracutaneous (i.c.) application. The respective suitable injection forms can especially be produced as solutions, crystal suspensions, nanoparticular or colloid-disperse systems, such as for example, hydrosols. [0620]
  • The injectable formulations can also be produced as concentrates which can be adjusted with aqueous isotonic dilution agents to the desired active ingredient dosage. Furthermore, they can also be produced as powders, such as for example lyophilisates, which are then preferably dissolved or dispersed immediately before application with suitable diluents. The infusions can also be formulated in the form of isotonic solutions, fat emulsions, liposome formulations, microemulsions and liquids based on mixed micells, for example, based on phospholipids. As with injection preparations, infusion formulations can also be prepared in the form of concentrates to dilute. The injectable formulations can also be applied in the form of continuous infusions as in stationary as well as in out-patient therapy, for example in the form of mini-pumps. [0621]
  • Albumin, plasma expanders, surface active compounds, organic solvents, pH influencing compounds, complex forming compounds or polymeric compounds can be added to the parenteral medicinal forms, especially as substances for influencing the adsorption of the active ingredients to protein or polymers or also with the aim of decreasing the adsorption of the active ingredient to materials such as injection instruments or packaging materials, for example plastic or glass. [0622]
  • The active ingredients can be bound to nanoparticles in the preparations for parenteral use, for example on finely dispersed particles based on poly(meth)acrylates, polyacetates, polyglycolates, polyamino acids or polyether urethanes. The parenteral formulations can also be constructively modified as depot preparations, for example on the multiple unit principle, where the active ingredients are incorporated in a most finely distributed and/or dispersed, suspended form or as crystal suspensions, or on the single unit principle, where the active ingredient is enclosed in a medicinal form, for example, a tablet or a seed which is subsequently implanted. Often, these implantations or depot medicaments in single unit and multiple unit medicinal forms consist of so-called biodegradable polymers, such as for example, polyether urethanes of lactic and glycolic acid, polyether urethanes, polyamino acids, poly(meth)acrylates or polysaccharides. [0623]
  • Sterilized water, pH value influencing substances, such as for example organic and inorganic acids or bases as well as their salts, buffer substances for setting the pH value, agents for isotonicity, such as for example sodium chloride, monosodium carbonate, glucose and fructose, tensides and/or surface active substances and emulsifiers, such as for example, partial fatty acid esters of polyoxyethylene sorbitan (Tween®) or for example fatty acid esters of polyoxethylene (Cremophor®), fatty oils such as for example peanut oil, soybean oil and castor oil, synthetic fatty acid esters, such as for example ethyl oleate, isopropyl myristate and neutral oil (Miglyolq®) as well as polymer adjuvents such as for example gelatin, dextran, polyvinylpyrrolidone, organic solvent additives which increase solubility, such as for example propylene glycol, ethanol, N,N-dimethylacetamide, propylene glycol or complex forming compounds such as for example citrates and urea, preservatives, such as for example hydroxypropyl benzoate and hydroxymethyl benzoate, benzyl alcohol, anti-oxidants, such as for example sodium sulfite and stabilizers, such as for example EDTA, are suitable as adjuvents and carriers in the production of preparations for parenteral use. [0624]
  • In suspensions, addition of thickening agents to prevent the settling of the active ingredients from tensides and peptizers, to secure the ability of the sediment to be shaken, or complex formers, such as EDTA, ensues. This can also be achieved with the various polymeric agent complexes, for example with polyethylene glycols, polystyrol, carboxymethylcellulose, Pluronics® or polyethylene glycol sorbitan fatty acid esters. The active ingredient can also be incorporated in liquid formulations in the form of inclusion compounds, for example with cyclodextrins. As further adjuvents, dispersion agents are also suitable. For production of lyophilisates, builders are also used, such as for example mannite, dextran, saccharose, human albumin, lactose, PVP or gelatin varieties. [0625]
  • As long as the active ingredients are not incorporated in the liquid medicinal formulations in the form of a base, they are used in the form of their acid addition salts, hydrates or solvates in the preparations for parenteral use. [0626]
  • A further systemic application form of importance is peroral administration as tablets, hard or soft gelatin capsules, coated tablets, powders, pellets, microcapsules, oblong compressives, granules, chewable tablets, lozenges, gums or sachets. These solid peroral administration forms can also be prepared as sustained action and/or depot systems. Among these are medicaments with an amount of one or more micronized active ingredients, diffusions and erosion forms based on matrices, for example by using fats, wax-like and/or polymeric compounds, or so-called reservoir systems. As a retarding agent and/or agent for controlled release, film or matrix forming substances, such as for example ethylcellulose, hydroxypropylmethylcellulose, poly(meth)acrylate derivatives (for example Eudragit®), hydroxypropylmethylcellulose phthalate are suitable in organic solutions as well as in the form of aqueous dispersions. In this connection, so-called bio-adhesive preparations are also to be named in which the increased retention time in the body is achieved by intensive contact with the mucus membranes of the body. An example of a bio-adhesive polymer is the group of Carbomers®. [0627]
  • For sublingual application, compressives, such as for example non-disintegrating tablets in oblong form of a suitable size with a slow release of active ingredient, are especially suitable. For purposes of a targeted release of active ingredients in the various sections of the gastrointestinal tract, mixtures of pellets which release at the various places are employable, for example mixtures of gastric fluid soluble and small intestine soluble and/or gastric fluid resistant and large intestine soluble pellets. The same goal of releasing at various sections of the gastrointestinal tract can also be conceived by suitably produced laminated tablets with a core, whereby the coating of the agent is quickly released in gastric fluid and the core of the agent is slowly released in the small intestine milieu. The goal of controlled release at various sections of the gastrointestinal tract can also be attained by multilayer tablets. The pellet mixtures with differentially released agent can be filled into hard gelatin capsules. [0628]
  • Anti-stick and lubricant and separating agents, dispersion agents such as flame dispersed silicone dioxide, disintegrants, such as various starch types, PVC, cellulose esters as granulating or retarding agents, such as for example wax-like and/or polymeric compounds on the basis of Eudragit®, cellulose or Cremophor® are used as a further adjuvents for the production of compressives, such as for example tablets or hard and soft gelatin capsules as well as coated tablets and granulates. [0629]
  • Anti-oxidants, sweetening agents, such as for example saccharose, xylite or mannite, masking flavors, aromatics, preservatives, colorants, buffer substances, direct tableting agents, such as for example microcrystalline cellulose, starch and starch hydrolysates (for example Celutab®), lactose, polyethylene glycols, polyvinylpyrrolidone and dicalcium phosphate, lubricants, fillers, such as lactose or starch, binding agents in the form of lactose, starch varieties, such as for example wheat or corn and/or rice starch, cellulose derivatives, for example methylcellulose, hydroxypropylcellulose or silica, talcum powder, stearates, such as for example magnesium stearate, aluminum stearate, calcium stearate, talc, siliconized talc, stearic acid, acetyl alcohol and hydrated fats are used. [0630]
  • In this connection, oral therapeutic systems constructed especially on osmotic principles, such as for example GIT (gastrointestinal therapeutic system) or OROS (oral osmotic system), are also to be mentioned. [0631]
  • Effervescent tablets or tabs, both of which represent immediately drinkable instant medicinal forms which are quickly dissolved or suspended in water are among the perorally administratable compressives. Among the perorally administratable forms are also solutions, for example drops, juices and suspensions, which can be produced according to the above given method, and can still contain preservatives for increasing stability and optionally aromatics for reasons of easier intake, and colorants for better differentiation as well as antioxidants and/or vitamins and sweeteners such as sugar or artificial sweetening agents. This is also true for inspisated juices which are formulated with water before ingestion. Ion exchange resins in combination with one or more active ingredients are also to be mentioned for the production of liquid ingestable forms. [0632]
  • A special release form consists in the preparation of so-called floating medicinal forms, for example based on tablets or pellets which develop gas after contact with body fluids and therefore float on the surface of the gastric fluid. Furthermore, so-called electronically controlled release systems can also be formulated by which active ingredient release can be selectively adjusted to individual needs. [0633]
  • A further group of systemic administration and also optionally topically effective medicinal forms are represented by rectally applicable medicaments. Among these are suppositories and enema formulations. The enema formulations can be prepared based on tablets with aqueous solvents for producing this administration form. Rectal capsules can also be made available based on gelatin or other carriers. [0634]
  • Hardened fat, such as for example Witepsol®, Massa Estarinum®, Novata®, coconut fat, glycerol-gelatin masses, glycerol-soap-gels and polyethylene glycols are suitable as suppository bases. [0635]
  • For long-term application with a systematic active ingredient release up to several weeks, pressed implants are suitable which are preferably formulated on the basis of so-called biodegradable polymers. [0636]
  • As a further important group of systemically active medicaments, transdermal systems are also to be emphasized which distinguish themselves, as with the above-mentioned rectal forms, by circumventing the liver circulation system and/or liver metabolism. These plasters can be especially prepared as transdermal systems which are capable of releasing the active ingredient in a controlled manner over longer or shorter time periods based on different layers and/or mixtures of suitable adjuvents and carriers. Aside from suitable adjuvents and carriers such as solvents and polymeric components, for example based on Eudragit®, membrane infiltration increasing substances and/or permeation promoters, such as for example oleic acid, Azone®, adipinic acid derivatives, ethanol, urea, propylglycol are suitable in the production of transdermal systems of this type for the purpose of improved and/or accelerated penetration. [0637]
  • As topically, locally or regionally administration medicaments, the following are suitable as special formulations: vaginally or genitally applicable emulsions, creams, foam tablets, depot implants, ovular or transurethral adminstration installation solutions. For opthalmological application, highly sterile eye ointments, solutions and/or drops or creams and emulsions are suitable. [0638]
  • In the same manner, corresponding otological drops, ointments or creams can be designated for application to the ear. For both of the above-mentioned applications, the adminstration of semi-solid formulations, such as for example gels based on Carbopols® or other polymer compounds such as for example polyvinylpyrolidone and cellulose derivatives is also possible. [0639]
  • For customary application to the skin or also to the mucus membrane, normal emulsions, gels, ointments, creams or mixed phase and/or amphiphilic emulsion systems (oil/water-water/oil mixed phase) as well as liposomes and transfersomes can be named. Sodium algenate as a gel builder for production of a suitable foundation or celluolose derivatives, such as for example guar or xanthene gum, inorganic gel builders, such as for example aluminum hydroxides or bentonites (so-called thixotropic gel builder), polyacrylic acid derivatives, such as for example Carbopol®, polyvinylpyrolidone, microcrystalline cellulose or carboxymethylcellulose are suitable as adjuvents and/or carriers. Furthermore, amphiphilic low and high molecular weight compounds as well as phospholipids are suitable. The gels can be present either as hydrogels based on water or as hydrophobic organogels, for example based on mixtures of low and high molecular paraffin hydrocarbons and vaseline. [0640]
  • Anionic, cationic or neutral tensides can be employed as emulsifiers, for example alkalized soaps, methyl soaps, amine soaps, sulfanated compounds, cationic soaps, high fatty alcohols, partial fatty acid esters of sorbitan and polyoxyethylene sorbitan, for example lanette types, wool wax, lanolin, or other synthetic products for the production of oil/water and/or water/oil emulsions. [0641]
  • Hydrophilic organogels can be formulated, for example, on the basis of high molecular polyethylene glycols. These gel-like forms are washable. Vaseline, natural or synthetic waxes, fatty acids, fatty alcohols, fatty acid esters, for example as mono-, di-, or triglycerides, paraffin oil or vegetable oils, hardened castor oil or coconut oil, pig fat, synthetic fats, for example based on acrylic, caprinic, lauric and stearic acid, such as for example Softisan® or triglyceride mixtures such as Miglyol® are employed as lipids in the form of fat and/or oil and/or wax-like components for the production of ointments, creams or emulsions. [0642]
  • Osmotically effective acids and bases, such as for example hydrochloric acid, citric acid, sodium hydroxide solution, potassium hydroxide solution, monosodium carbonate, further buffer systems, such as for example citrate, phosphate, Tris-buffer or triethanol amine are used for adjusting the pH value. [0643]
  • Preservatives, for example such as methyl- or propyl benzoate (parabenes) or sorbic acid can be added for increasing stability. [0644]
  • Pastes, powders or solutions are to be mentioned as further topically applicable forms. Pastes often contain lipophilic and hydrophilic auxiliary agents with very high amounts of fatty matter as a consistency-giving base. [0645]
  • Powders or topically applicable powders can contain for example starch varieties such as wheat or rice starch, flame dispersed silicon dioxide or silica, which also serve as diluents, for increasing flowability as well as lubricity as well as for preventing agglomerates. [0646]
  • Nose drops or nose sprays serve as nasal application forms. In this connection, nebulizers or nose creams or ointments can come to use. [0647]
  • Furthermore, nose spray or dry powder formulations as well as controlled dosage aerosols are also suitable for systemic administeration of the active ingredients. [0648]
  • These pressure and/or controlled dosage aerosols and dry powder formulations can be inhaled and/or insufflated. Administration forms of this type also certainly have importance for direct, regional application in the lung or bronchi and larynx. Thereby, the dry powder compositions can be formulated for example as active ingredient-soft pellets, as an active ingredient-pellet mixture with suitable carriers, such as for example lactose and/or glucose. For inhalation or insufflation, common applicators are suitable which are suitable for the treatment of the nose, mouth and/or pharynx. The active ingredients can also be applied by means of an ultrasonic nebulizing device. As a propellant gas for aerosol spray formulations and/or controlled dosage aerosols, tetrafluoroethane or HFC 134a and/or heptafluoropropane or HFC 227 are suitable, wherein non-fluorinated hydrocarbons or other propellants which are gaseous at normal pressure and room temperature, such as for example propane, butane or dimethyl ether can be preferred. Instead of controlled dosage aerosols, propellant-free, manual pump systems can also be used. [0649]
  • The propellant gas aerosols can also suitably contain surface active adjuvents, such as for example isopropyl myristate, polyoxyethylene sorbitan fatty acid ester, sorbitan trioleate, lecithins or soya lecithin. [0650]
  • For regional application in situ, solutions for installation, for example for transurethral administration in bladder tumors or genital tumors, or for profusion in liver tumors or other organ carcinomas are suitable. [0651]
  • The respective suitable medicinal forms can be produced in accordance with the prescription and procedures based on pharmaceutical-physical fundamentals as they are described for example in the following handbooks and are included in the present inventive subject-matter with respect to the production of the respective suitable medicaments: [0652]
  • Physical Pharmacy (A. N. Martin, J. Swarbrick, A. Cammarata), 2nd Ed., Philadelphia Pa., (1970), German version: Physikalische Pharmazie, (1987), 3rd edition; Stuttgart; [0653]
  • R. Voigt, M. Bomschein, Lehrbuch der pharmazeutischen Technologie, Verlag Chemie, Weinheim, (1984), 5th edition; [0654]
  • P. H. List, Arzneimformenlehre, Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Stuttgart (1985), 4th edition; [0655]
  • H. Sucker, P. Fuchs, P. Speiser, Pharmazeutische Technologie, Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart—New York, (1991), 2nd edition; [0656]
  • A. T. Florence, D. Attwood, Physicochemical Principles of Pharmacy, The Maximillan Press Ltd., Hong Kong, (1981); [0657]
  • L. A. Trissel, Handbook on Injectable Drugs, American Society of Hospital Pharmacists, (1994), 8th edition; [0658]
  • Y. W. Chien, Transdermal Controlled Systemic Medications, Marcel Dekker Inc., New York—Basel, (1987); [0659]
  • K. E. Avis, L. Lachmann, H. A Liebermann, Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms: Parenteral Medications, volume 2, Marcel Dekker Inc., New York—Basel, (1986); [0660]
  • B. W. Muiller, Controlled Drug Delivery, Paperback APV, volume 17, Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Stuttgart, (1987); [0661]
  • H. Asch, D. Essig, P. C. Schmidt, Technologie von Salben, Suspensionen und Emulsionen, Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Stuttgart, (1984); [0662]
  • H. A. Liebermann, L. Lachman, J. B. Schwartz, Pharmaceutical Dosage forms: Tablets, Volume 1, Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, 2nd Edition (1989); [0663]
  • D. Chulin, M. Deleuil, Y. Pourcelot, Powder Technology and Pharmaceutical Processes, in J. C. Williams, T. Allen, Handbook of Powder Technology, Elsevier Amsterdam—London—New York—Tokyo, (1994); [0664]
  • J. T. Carstensen, Pharmaceutical Principles of Solid Dosage Forms, Technomic Publishing Co., Inc., Lancaster—Basel, (1993). [0665]
  • PRODUCTION EXAMPLES
  • 1. Injection Therapeutics [0666]
  • a) Parenteral Solution [0667]
    active ingredient used according to the invention 5.000 g
    acid sodium phosphate 5.000 g
    sodium tartrate 12.000 g
    benzyl alcohol 7.500 g
    water for injection purposes to 1000.000 ml
  • The solution is produced according to the customary method, sterilized and filled into 10 ml vials. One vial contains 50 mg of the compound according to the invention. [0668]
  • b) Penteral Solution [0669]
    active ingredient used according to the invention 1.000 g
    hydrochloric acid, dilute 5.000 g
    sodium chloride 6.000 g
    water for injection purposes to 1000.000 ml
  • The solution is produced according to a customary method by stirring; the medicinal form is adjusted to a suitable pH value by acid addition and subsequently filled into 100 ml vials and sterilized. A vial contains 100 mg of the compound according to the invention. [0670]
  • c) Parenteral Dispersion [0671]
    active ingredient used according to the invention 10.000 g
    soya lecithin 20.000 g
    saturated triglycerides 100.000 g
    sodium hydroxide 7.650 g
    water for injection purposes to 1000.000 ml
  • The active ingredient(s) used according to the invention is dispersed in the saturated triglycerides. Then the soya lecithin is added under stirring, and subsequent to this, the aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide is added with subsequent homogenization. The dispersion is sterilized and filled into 10 ml vials. A vial contains 50 mg of the compound according to the invention. [0672]
  • d) Biodegradable Parenteral Depot Medicinal Form [0673]
    active ingredient used according to the invention 10.000
    polylactic acid/polygylcolic acid polymer 70.000
    polyvinylpyrrolidone 0.200
    gelatin 2.000
    soya lecithin 2.000
    isotonic sodium chloride solution to 1000.000 ml
  • First, the active ingredient is incorporated into the biodegradable polymer comprising polylactic acid and polyglycolic acid by a suitable method (spray drying, solvent-evaporation or phase separation) and subsequently subjected to a sterilization process. The particles are introduced into a 2-chamber ready-made syringe in which the adjuvent solution, which is also produced in a sterile manner, is filled. The biodegradable microparticles are mixed with the dispersion agent shortly before application and dispersed. The content of a ready-made syringe is measured such that this contains 200 mg of the active ingredient according to the invention. [0674]
  • e) Parenteral Dispersion for Subcutaneous Installation [0675]
    active ingredient used according to the invention 25,000 g
    soya lecithin 25,000 g
    arachis oil 400,000 g
    benzyl alcohol 50,000 g
    Miglyole ® to 1000,000 g
  • The active ingredient is dispersed together with soya lecithin and arachis oil. The benzyl alcohol is dissolved in Miglyole® and added to the dispersion. The entire dispersion is sterilized and subsequently filled into vials with 2 ml content. A vial contains 50 mg active ingredient. [0676]
  • f) Parenteral Perfusions Solution [0677]
  • The solution named under example b) can also be used for perfusion of liver for example. [0678]
  • According to need, instead of ampules with injection solution, so-called perforation bottles (vials), which can also be optionally preserved, and infusion solutions with an amount of one or more active ingredients according to the invention can also be made available in the customary manner under addition of buffer substances for adjustment of physiological pH value and/or the isotonicity and/or a best possible suitable pH value for the medicinal form (euhydria) and optional further required nutrients, vitamins, amino acids, stablizers and other necessary adjuvents, possibly in combination with further medicinal agents suitable for the mentioned indications. [0679]
  • 2. Solid, Peroral Administration Medicaments [0680]
  • a) Tablets [0681]
    active ingredient used according to the invention 10,000 g
    lactose 5,200 g
    starch, soluble 1,800 g
    hydroxypropylmethylcellulose 900 g
    magnesium stearate 100 g
  • The above components are mixed with each other and compacted in a conventional manner, wherein a tablet weight of 180 mg is set. Each tablet contain's 100 mg active ingredient. If desired, the tablets obtained in this manner are coated, provided with a film coat and/or enterically coated. [0682]
  • b) Coated Tablet Core [0683]
    active ingredient used according to the invention 10,000 g
    flame dispersed silicon dioxide 500 g
    corn starch 2,250 g
    stearic acid 350 g
    ethanol 3.0 l
    gelatin 900 g
    purified water 10.0 l
    talcum 300 g
    magnesium stearate 180 g
  • From these components, a granulate is produced which is pressed to the desired coated tablet cores. Each core contains 50 mg of active ingredient. The core can be further processed in a customary manner to coated tablets. If desired, a gastric fluid resistant or retarding film coat can be applied in a known manner. [0684]
  • c) Drink Suspension in Vials [0685]
    active ingredient used according to the invention 0.050 g
    glycerin 0.500 g
    sorbite, 70% solution 0.500 g
    sodium saccharinate 0.010 g
    methyl-p-hydroxybenzoate 0.040 g
    aromatic agent q.s.
    sterile wasser q.s. to 5 ml
  • The above-mentioned components are mixed in a customary manner to a suspension and filled in a suitable drink vial having 5 ml content. [0686]
  • d) Poorly Soluble Sublingual Tablets [0687]
    active ingredient used according to the invention 0.030 g
    lactose 0.100 g