US20030142471A1 - Replaceable cover for handheld computer - Google Patents

Replaceable cover for handheld computer Download PDF

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Publication number
US20030142471A1
US20030142471A1 US10158707 US15870702A US2003142471A1 US 20030142471 A1 US20030142471 A1 US 20030142471A1 US 10158707 US10158707 US 10158707 US 15870702 A US15870702 A US 15870702A US 2003142471 A1 US2003142471 A1 US 2003142471A1
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
cover
housing
handheld computer
ball
edge
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10158707
Inventor
John Krieger
Randall Lewis
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Palm Inc
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Palm Inc
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N7/00Television systems
    • H04N7/14Systems for two-way working
    • H04N7/141Systems for two-way working between two video terminals, e.g. videophone
    • H04N7/147Communication arrangements, e.g. identifying the communication as a video-communication, intermediate storage of the signals
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F1/00Details not covered by groups G06F3/00 – G06F13/00 and G06F21/00
    • G06F1/16Constructional details or arrangements
    • G06F1/1613Constructional details or arrangements for portable computers
    • G06F1/1626Constructional details or arrangements for portable computers with a single-body enclosure integrating a flat display, e.g. Personal Digital Assistants [PDAs]
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F1/00Details not covered by groups G06F3/00 – G06F13/00 and G06F21/00
    • G06F1/16Constructional details or arrangements
    • G06F1/1613Constructional details or arrangements for portable computers
    • G06F1/1633Constructional details or arrangements of portable computers not specific to the type of enclosures covered by groups G06F1/1615 - G06F1/1626
    • G06F1/1656Details related to functional adaptations of the enclosure, e.g. to provide protection against EMI, shock, water, or to host detachable peripherals like a mouse or removable expansions units like PCMCIA cards, or to provide access to internal components for maintenance or to removable storage supports like CDs or DVDs, or to mechanically mount accessories
    • G06F1/166Details related to functional adaptations of the enclosure, e.g. to provide protection against EMI, shock, water, or to host detachable peripherals like a mouse or removable expansions units like PCMCIA cards, or to provide access to internal components for maintenance or to removable storage supports like CDs or DVDs, or to mechanically mount accessories related to integrated arrangements for adjusting the position of the main body with respect to the supporting surface, e.g. legs for adjusting the tilt angle
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M1/00Substation equipment, e.g. for use by subscribers; Analogous equipment at exchanges
    • H04M1/02Constructional features of telephone sets
    • H04M1/0202Portable telephone sets, e.g. cordless phones, mobile phones or bar type handsets
    • H04M1/0279Improving the user comfort or ergonomics
    • H04M1/0283Improving the user comfort or ergonomics for providing a decorative aspect, e.g. customization of casings, exchangeable faceplate
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N21/00Selective content distribution, e.g. interactive television, VOD [Video On Demand]
    • H04N21/40Client devices specifically adapted for the reception of or interaction with content, e.g. set-top-box [STB]; Operations thereof
    • H04N21/41Structure of client; Structure of client peripherals
    • H04N21/414Specialised client platforms, e.g. receiver in car or embedded in a mobile appliance
    • H04N21/41407Specialised client platforms, e.g. receiver in car or embedded in a mobile appliance embedded in a portable device, e.g. video client on a mobile phone, PDA, laptop
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N21/00Selective content distribution, e.g. interactive television, VOD [Video On Demand]
    • H04N21/40Client devices specifically adapted for the reception of or interaction with content, e.g. set-top-box [STB]; Operations thereof
    • H04N21/43Processing of content or additional data, e.g. demultiplexing additional data from a digital video stream; Elementary client operations, e.g. monitoring of home network, synchronizing decoder's clock; Client middleware
    • H04N21/443OS processes, e.g. booting an STB, implementing a Java virtual machine in an STB, power management in an STB
    • H04N21/4438Window management, e.g. event handling following interaction with the user interface
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N21/00Selective content distribution, e.g. interactive television, VOD [Video On Demand]
    • H04N21/40Client devices specifically adapted for the reception of or interaction with content, e.g. set-top-box [STB]; Operations thereof
    • H04N21/47End-user applications
    • H04N21/478Supplemental services, e.g. displaying phone caller identification, shopping application
    • H04N21/4788Supplemental services, e.g. displaying phone caller identification, shopping application communicating with other users, e.g. chatting
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N21/00Selective content distribution, e.g. interactive television, VOD [Video On Demand]
    • H04N21/60Selective content distribution, e.g. interactive television, VOD [Video On Demand] using Network structure or processes specifically adapted for video distribution between server and client or between remote clients; Control signaling specific to video distribution between clients, server and network components, e.g. to video encoder or decoder; Transmission of management data between server and client, e.g. sending from server to client commands for recording incoming content stream; Communication details between server and client
    • H04N21/61Network physical structure; Signal processing
    • H04N21/6106Network physical structure; Signal processing specially adapted to the downstream path of the transmission network
    • H04N21/6125Network physical structure; Signal processing specially adapted to the downstream path of the transmission network involving transmission via Internet
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N21/00Selective content distribution, e.g. interactive television, VOD [Video On Demand]
    • H04N21/60Selective content distribution, e.g. interactive television, VOD [Video On Demand] using Network structure or processes specifically adapted for video distribution between server and client or between remote clients; Control signaling specific to video distribution between clients, server and network components, e.g. to video encoder or decoder; Transmission of management data between server and client, e.g. sending from server to client commands for recording incoming content stream; Communication details between server and client
    • H04N21/61Network physical structure; Signal processing
    • H04N21/6156Network physical structure; Signal processing specially adapted to the upstream path of the transmission network
    • H04N21/6175Network physical structure; Signal processing specially adapted to the upstream path of the transmission network involving transmission via Internet
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N7/00Television systems
    • H04N7/14Systems for two-way working
    • H04N7/141Systems for two-way working between two video terminals, e.g. videophone
    • H04N7/142Constructional details of the terminal equipment, e.g. arrangements of the camera and the display
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F2200/00Indexing scheme relating to G06F1/04 - G06F1/32
    • G06F2200/16Indexing scheme relating to G06F1/16 - G06F1/18
    • G06F2200/163Indexing scheme relating to constructional details of the computer
    • G06F2200/1634Integrated protective display lid, e.g. for touch-sensitive display in handheld computer
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M1/00Substation equipment, e.g. for use by subscribers; Analogous equipment at exchanges
    • H04M1/02Constructional features of telephone sets
    • H04M1/0202Portable telephone sets, e.g. cordless phones, mobile phones or bar type handsets
    • H04M1/0206Portable telephones comprising a plurality of mechanically joined movable body parts, e.g. hinged housings
    • H04M1/0208Portable telephones comprising a plurality of mechanically joined movable body parts, e.g. hinged housings characterized by the relative motions of the body parts
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M1/00Substation equipment, e.g. for use by subscribers; Analogous equipment at exchanges
    • H04M1/72Substation extension arrangements; Cordless telephones, i.e. devices for establishing wireless links to base stations without route selecting
    • H04M1/725Cordless telephones
    • H04M1/72519Portable communication terminals with improved user interface to control a main telephone operation mode or to indicate the communication status
    • H04M1/72522With means for supporting locally a plurality of applications to increase the functionality
    • H04M1/72527With means for supporting locally a plurality of applications to increase the functionality provided by interfacing with an external accessory
    • H04M1/7253With means for supporting locally a plurality of applications to increase the functionality provided by interfacing with an external accessory using a two-way short-range wireless interface
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M2250/00Details of telephonic subscriber devices
    • H04M2250/02Details of telephonic subscriber devices including a Bluetooth interface
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W88/00Devices specially adapted for wireless communication networks, e.g. terminals, base stations or access point devices
    • H04W88/02Terminal devices
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/524Ball and socket

Abstract

A handheld computer comprises a housing and a cover removably connected thereto by a universal hinge assembly. The universal hinge assembly includes a tubular member or arm having a proximal end fixedly (non-rotatably) secured to an edge of the cover and a distal end pivotally coupled to an edge of the cover. The pivotal coupling may comprise a ball and socket arrangement, a pin and slot arrangement, or any other type of coupling arrangement that enables universal pivoting movement and releasable attachment between the cover and the housing. The cover may include a cushion designed to abut a display screen mounted in the housing when the cover is in a closed position. A method of reconfiguring an encasement of a handheld computer having a cover releasably coupled thereto includes removing the first cover and replacing it with a second cover of a different type.

Description

    REFERENCE TO RELATED PATENT APPLICATIONS
  • This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application No. 60/352,785, filed Jan. 29, 2002, the entirety of which is herein incorporated by reference.[0001]
  • FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to the field of handheld computers and, more particularly, to handheld computers having encasements with replaceable covers. The present invention also relates to a method of reconfiguring a handheld computer by replacing the cover thereof with a cover of a different type. [0002]
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • Handheld computers, including personal digital assistants (“PDAs”) and palm-sized computers, traditionally provide the user with a wide variety of functions, such as a calendar, an address book, a task list, a notepad, and a calculator. More recently, handheld computers have also been used provide the user with functions such as remote email access, real-time internet access, web browsing and other advanced communication functions. [0003]
  • Traditionally, most handheld computers have had an outer enclosure or housing consisting of mating front and back shells coupled together by screws. The front and back shells enclose the electronic components of the handheld computer. A display screen and one or more application buttons are typically accessible on the front shell of the computer. The display screen may be a touch-sensitive screen that accepts entry from a stylus or pointer device, which typically is stored in a slot formed in the housing when not in use. More advanced handheld computers may also include components for enabling remote communication functions such as described above. [0004]
  • With traditional handheld computers, a separate flexible or rigid case is typically utilized for protecting the handheld computer, and particularly the display screens, when not in use. The separate case must be stored or accounted for when the computer is in use to prevent loss. [0005]
  • With some handheld computers, a separate case is not required because the housing has a hinged cover that can be pivoted to a closed position to protect the display and another position to access the display. With most such computers, the cover is connected to the housing by a pair of hinges which permit the cover to be pivoted either 180° to the side of the housing (i.e., in a “book open” style) or 360° to the rear of the housing. With both of these arrangements, when the computer is placed on a horizontal surface the housing is oriented such that the display and application buttons typically face directly upward. This can be disadvantageous because the display and application buttons are placed at an awkward angle for certain uses such as video conferencing. To address this problem, it is known to provide the computer with a separate base or cradle that can be used to position the computer housing at an angle relative to the work surface. However, the cradles are quite bulky compared to the handheld computers and thus create difficulties with portability. Moreover, like the use of separate protective cases noted above, the use of separate cradles means they must also be stored and accounted for when not in use. Although some handheld computers now available include pivotally attached covers capable of not only protecting the display but also functioning as a stand that positions the housing at an inclined angle relative to the work surface (which thus eliminates the need for a separate cradle), the hinge arrangements of the heretofore known computers are relatively complex multi-part structures. [0006]
  • Certain handheld computers generally have a fixed (i.e., non-customizable) external appearance. Although this may not have presented any concerns in the past (when handheld computers were purchased and used almost exclusively by business traveler's and other technically savvy individuals), the fixed appearances can unnecessarily limit the market potential of the handheld computers because of their increasing popularity with individuals having diverse backgrounds. Although after-market replacement housings are available for some of the most popular handheld computers, these replacement housings tend to be quite expensive. More importantly, the use of such replacement housings requires that the original housing of the handheld computer be opened up, which voids the manufacture's warranty. [0007]
  • It would be desirable to provide a handheld computer having an external appearance that can be readily customized by the manufacturer, the reseller or the consumer. It is further desirable to provide a method for readily changing the external appearance of a handheld computer that does not require opening of the computer housing. [0008]
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • According to a first aspect of an embodiment of the present invention, a handheld computer comprises a housing and a cover releasably connected thereto by a universal hinge assembly. [0009]
  • According to another aspect of an embodiment of the present invention, a handheld computer comprises a housing along with first and second covers configured for being releasably coupled to the housing. The first and second covers are of different types. [0010]
  • According to a further aspect of an embodiment of the present invention, a handheld computer comprises a housing and a cover releasably connected thereto by a universal hinge assembly. The universal hinge assembly allows universal pivoting movement between the cover and the housing. [0011]
  • According to a different aspect of an embodiment of the present invention, a handheld computer comprises a housing, a cover, and means for releasably coupling the cover to the housing. The means for coupling also enables universal pivoting motion between the cover and the housing. [0012]
  • According to another aspect of an embodiment of the present invention, a method of reconfiguring a handheld computer is provided. The computer includes a housing and a first cover releasably coupled thereto by a universal hinge assembly. The method comprises decoupling the first cover from the housing, and releasably coupling a second cover to the housing. The second cover is of a different type than the first cover. [0013]
  • According to yet another aspect of an embodiment of the present invention, a handheld computer comprises a housing including a display mounted therein and a cover pivotally connected to the housing by a hinge assembly. The cover is configured to pivot between a closed position overlying the display and an open position that permits access to the display. An elastomeric material is affixed to the cover and configured to abut the screen when the cover is in the closed position. [0014]
  • These and other benefits and features of embodiments of the invention will be apparent upon consideration of the following detailed description of preferred embodiments thereof, presented in connection with the following drawings in which like reference numerals are used to identify like elements throughout.[0015]
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a front elevation view of a first embodiment of a handheld computer in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention, the computer including a detachable cover shown in a fully closed position that protects the display screen. [0016]
  • FIG. 2 is a left side elevation view of the handheld computer of FIG. 1. [0017]
  • FIG. 3 is a rear elevation view of the handheld computer of FIG. 1. [0018]
  • FIG. 4 is a right side elevation view of the handheld computer of FIG. 1. [0019]
  • FIG. 5 is a top plan view of the handheld computer of FIG. 1. [0020]
  • FIG. 6 is a bottom plan view of the handheld computer of FIG. 1. [0021]
  • FIG. 7 is a front elevation view of the handheld computer of FIG. 1, the cover being shown in a fully open position in which an inner face of the cover abuts a rear face of the computer housing. [0022]
  • FIG. 8 is a rear, right side perspective view of the handheld computer of FIG. 1, the cover being shown in a stand position that maintains the computer housing at an inclined angle relative to a horizontal surface on which the computer is placed. [0023]
  • FIG. 9 is a front, right side perspective view of the handheld computer of FIG. 1, the cover being shown during transition from the fully closed position of FIG. 1 to the stand position of FIG. 8. [0024]
  • FIG. 10 is a front, right side perspective view of the handheld computer of FIG. 1, the cover being shown in a plurality of positions during transition from the stand position of FIG. 8 to the fully open position of FIG. 7. [0025]
  • FIG. 11 is an enlarged view of the universal hinge assembly of the handheld computer of FIG. 1, taken along the line [0026] 11-11 in FIG. 1.
  • FIG. 12 is a front elevation view of a replacement cover designed for attachment to the handheld computer of FIG. 1 in place of the original cover. [0027]
  • FIG. 13 is an exploded left side perspective view of a second embodiment of a handheld computer in accordance with the present invention. [0028]
  • FIG. 14 is a front, left side perspective view of the handheld computer of FIG. 13, the cover being shown in a plurality of positions during transition from a closed position to an open position. [0029]
  • FIG. 15 is a top plan view of the handheld computer of FIG. 15, the cover being shown in a plurality of positions during transition from the closed position to the open position. [0030]
  • FIG. 16 is a left side perspective view of the handheld computer of FIG. 13, the cover being shown in a stand position that maintains the computer housing at a relatively shallow inclined angle relative to a horizontal surface on which the computer is placed. [0031]
  • FIG. 17 is a front, left side perspective view of the handheld computer of FIG. 13, the cover being shown in a stand position that maintains the computer housings at a relatively large inclined angle relative to a horizontal surface on which the computer is placed. [0032]
  • Before explaining a number of preferred embodiments of the invention in detail, it should be understood that the invention is not limited in application to the details of construction or the arrangement of components set forth in the following description or illustrated in the drawings. The invention is capable of other embodiments or being practiced or carried out in various ways. It should also be understood that the phraseology and terminology employed herein is for the purpose of facilitating the description of the invention and should not be regarded as limiting. For example, relational terms such as “front,” “back,” “top,” “bottom,” “left,” “right,” “inner,” and “outer” are used for convenience only in referring to the various elements of the preferred embodiments as shown in the drawings and as such should not be regarded as limiting.[0033]
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • Referring initially to FIGS. [0034] 1-11, a portable electronic device such as, but not limited to, a handheld computer 10 is depicted according to an exemplary embodiment. Handheld computer 10 may include Palm style computers manufactured by Palm, Inc., of Santa Clara, Calif. Other exemplary embodiments may include Windows CE handheld computers, or other handheld computers and personal digital assistants, as well as mobile telephones and other mobile computing devices. Handheld computer 10 is representative of the type of mobile device which may utilize the disclosed invention and/or be part of the disclosed apparatus or method. Handheld computer 10 is described as a “handheld” to indicate a small, portable size as compared to less portable computing devices. Handheld computer 10 may be located on a desk, a lap, a wrist, a belt, or at any other position or location.
  • Preferably, handheld computer [0035] 10 includes interactive hardware and software that enables computer 10 to perform functions such as maintaining calendars, phone lists, task lists, note pads, calculator applications, spreadsheets, games, and other applications capable of running on a computing device. Further, handheld computer 10 may include hardware and software that enables computer 10 perform more advanced functions such as voice memo recording and playback, communications network connectivity, internet connectivity, wireless messaging, e-mail, always-on e-mail, wireless telephony including video conferencing, and the like.
  • To make use of these and other functions, handheld computer [0036] 10 includes a plurality of input function buttons 12 and a display 14 (see FIG. 7) mounted in an encasement 16. Display 14 may comprise a touch screen interface that allows a user to select and alter displayed graphical or textual information using a pointer such as a stylus 17 or some other suitable pointing device, e.g., a pen tip or a fingertip.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, handheld computer [0037] 10 also includes navigation buttons 18 that facilitate navigating or scrolling of information displayed on display 14. Navigation buttons 18 may be programmed for other uses depending on the application running on handheld computer 10. Handheld computer 10 may be configured to provide a variety of wireless communications including, but not limited to, communications with the World Wide Web, mobile telephone communications, e-mail communications, video conferencing, etc.
  • To facilitate these and other communication functions, handheld computer [0038] 10 may be provided with a video camera 20, a speaker 22 and a microphone 24. In the illustrated embodiment, video camera 20, speaker 22 and microphone 24 are all mounted in encasement 16 and are thus integral to handheld computer 10. Alternatively, each of video camera 20, speaker 22 and microphone 24 may be separate from handheld computer 10 and attached thereto as a separate (or peripheral) device. Handheld computer 10 may also include an indicator light 30 that is integrated into encasement 16 for indicating the transmission and/or reception of wireless communication signals. Light 30 may also be used to indicate other states of handheld computer 10, such as calendar alarms and task reminders.
  • In the illustrated embodiment, encasement [0039] 16 comprises a generally rectangular housing 32 and a hinged cover 34 that is releasably coupled to housing 32 by a universal hinge assembly 36. Housing 32 includes opposed front and rear faces 38 and 40, opposed top and bottom edges 42 and 44, and opposed left and right edges 46 and 48. Front face 38 includes a large, generally rectilinear opening 49 that provides both visual and physical access to display screen 14. Front face 38 also includes a plurality of smaller openings which permit access to other elements of computer 10 such as input buttons 12, navigation buttons 18, camera 20, speaker 22, microphone 24 and status light 30.
  • As best seen in FIG. 1, detachable cover [0040] 34 may comprise a generally flat, rectilinear plate that is configured to overlie (and thus protect) display screen 14 when in the closed position. If desired, cover 34 could be configured to protect additional elements of computer 10 such as input buttons 12, navigation buttons 18, camera 20, speaker 22, microphone 24, status light 30, and the like. As best seen in FIGS. 1 and 8-10, cover 34 includes opposed inner and outer surfaces 50 and 52, opposed relatively short top and bottom edges 54 and 56, and opposed relatively long left and right side edges 58 and 60.
  • In an exemplary embodiment, an elastomeric material [0041] 55 (see FIG. 8) may be provided on one or both of inner and outer surfaces 50 and 52 of cover 34. In FIGS. 8 and 9, elastomeric material 55 is affixed to inner surface 50 of cover 34 in the shape of an “X”. If desired, the legs of the X-shaped material 55 on inner surface 50 may extend over the top and bottom edges 54 and 56 of cover 34 to provide a soft rubber-like foot 57 adjacent each of the four corners of outer surface 52 of cover 34 (see FIGS. 1 and 8). By providing elastomeric material 55 on both the inner and outer surfaces 50 and 52 of cover 34, a number of functions are provided. For example, the X-shaped material 55 on inner surface 50 of cover 34 functions to protect display 14 when cover 34 is in the closed position of FIG. 1. Moreover, the X-shaped material 55 functions to improve the feel of the closing action by cushioning any impact between cover 34 and display 14. In addition, material 55 enhances the grip of cover 34 on horizontal surface 68 when placed in the stand position of FIG. 8. The plurality of feet 57 on outer surface 52 of cover 34 provide a similar function (i.e., improved grip and stability) when computer 10 is place on surface 68 with cover 34 in the fully open position of FIG. 7. Material 55 may be made from any suitable elastomeric material such as a rubber or a soft PVC. Although material 55 is shown in the shape of an “X”, other shapes can be utilized including but not limited to “L” shaped, rectangular shaped, curvilinear segments, arcs and the like.
  • As previously noted, cover [0042] 34 is both pivotally and releasably connected to housing 32 by universal hinge assembly 36. In an exemplary embodiment, universal hinge assembly 36 may comprise a single, generally tubular member (or arm) 62 having a proximal end 64 (see FIG. 11) attached to the approximate midpoint of bottom edge 44 of housing 32 and a distal end 66 attached to the approximate midpoint of bottom edge 56 of cover 34. Hinge assembly 36 preferably enables cover 34 to pivot between at least three different positions: a fully closed position (see FIG. 1), a stand position (see FIG. 8), and a fully open position (see FIG. 7). The cover may also provide a different function in each position. For example, in the fully closed position (see FIG. 1), cover 34 overlies display screen 14 to protect it from damage. In the stand position (see FIG. 8), cover 34 functions as an outrigger that maintains housing 32 at an inclined angle relative to a horizontal worksurface 68 on which computer 10 is placed. In the fully open position (see FIG. 7), cover 34 (not visible in FIG. 7) is located behind computer 10 with inner surface 50 facing toward and abutting (or closely adjacent) rear face 40 of housing 32. In this position, cover 34 allows access to display 14 and also acts to stabilize housing 32 when computer 10 is placed on a flat surface such as horizontal surface 68.
  • Referring now to FIG. 9, cover [0043] 34 is shown during transition from the closed position of FIG. 1 to the stand position of FIG. 8. During this transition, cover 34 is pivoted about an axis 70 extending along bottom edge 44 of housing 32 as indicated by an arrow 72. When cover 34 is in the stand position of FIG. 8, the outer curved surface of arm 62 will abut the inner wall (i.e., bottom) of a curved groove 74 (see FIGS. 3 and 8) formed in rear face 40 of housing 32, which thus prevents any further movement of cover 34 about axis 70 in the direction of arrow 72. Thus, cover 34 in the stand position of FIG. 8 will function as an outrigger that maintains housing 32 at an inclined angle relative to horizontal worksurface surface 68.
  • To move cover [0044] 34 from the stand position of FIG. 8 to the fully open position of FIG. 7, cover 34 is pivoted about axis 70 against the direction of arrow 72 until arm 62 is sufficiently clear of curved groove 74. Once this is done, cover 34 may be rotated (as indicated by arrow 73) approximately 180° about an axis 71 that extends longitudinally through arm 62. With cover 34 in this new orientation, it can once again be pivoted about axis 70 (as indicated by an arrow 75) until inner surface 50 of cover 34 abuts (or is closely adjacent) rear face 40 of housing 32 and cover 34 is in the fully open position of FIG. 7. When cover 34 is in the fully open position, handheld computer 10 will have a sufficiently compact footprint that it can be easily held in a user's hand and/or utilized on a surface with only limited available working space.
  • As best seen in FIG. 11, proximal end [0045] 64 of tubular arm 62 may be attached to bottom edge 44 of housing 32 by a ball and socket arrangement 76. Ball and socket arrangement 76 is particularly advantageous in that it allows universal pivoting motion (i.e., swiveling motion in all directions) between cover 34 and housing 32. Ball and socket arrangement 76 also allows cover 34 to be quickly and easily detached from and reattached to housing 32 without requiring any tools.
  • In the illustrated embodiment, ball and socket arrangement [0046] 76 comprises a generally spherical ball 78 located on proximal end 64 of arm 62 and a corresponding socket 80 located on bottom edge 44 of housing 32. Alternatively, socket 80 could be located on side edge 46 or 48 of housing 32 or top edge 42. Regardless of its location, socket 80 may include a pair of slidably mounted pads (or pistons) 82 and 84 (best seen in FIG. 11) that laterally oppose each other and are biased inwardly against ball 78 by a pair of springs or other suitable biasing means. In an exemplary embodiment, pads 82 and 84 may include inwardly facing concave surfaces 83 and 85, respectively, designed to match the generally spherical outer surface of ball 78. Concave surfaces 83 and 85 help to ensure that ball 78 remains securely captured between pads 82 and 84 during pivotal movement of cover 34. If desired, ball 78 and/or socket 80 may be non-spherically shaped so that cover 34 has a natural bias toward one or more predefined positions. In addition, ball 78 may have one or more depressed or flattened regions formed thereon so that cover 34 has a tendency to remain in one or more of the predefined positions. If housing 32 is particularly thin, or where desired for other reasons, bottom edge 44 of housing 32 may be provided with a pair of enlarged regions (or ball surrounds) 86 and 88 to better accommodate pads 82 and 84, respectively, and their associated springs.
  • With the foregoing structure, cover [0047] 34 can be quickly and easily detached from housing 32 by applying a downward force on cover 34 sufficient to cause pads 82 and 84 to separate far enough apart that ball 78 snaps out of socket 80. Once this occurs, pads 82 and 84 will reconverge towards one another (due to the spring biasing means mentioned above) until they either abut each other or some other predefined stop.
  • After cover [0048] 34 has been removed, a replacement cover of a different type (or some other element or device) can be quickly and easily attached to housing 32 in place of cover 34. The replacement cover or other element may differ from cover 34 in terms of its appearance (i.e., shape and indicia) and/or function it provides. The indicia of the replacement cover or other element may include patterns, colors or textures, as well as pictorial, graphic or relief images, designed to appeal to a particular individual or group of individuals. For example, such indicia could include specific business identifiers, sports team identifiers, school identifiers, personal names or initials, logos, designs, as well as combinations thereof. In an exemplary embodiment illustrated in FIG. 12, a replacement cover 34′ includes a spiral design on its outer surface 52′.
  • Replacement cover [0049] 34′ (or another element) may be attached to computer housing 32 by simply reversing the detaching steps described above. In particular, cover 34′ may be attached to housing 32 by positioning ball 78′ below socket 80 and applying an upward force on cover 34′ sufficient force to cause pads 82 and 84 to separate far enough apart to accept ball 78′ therebetween. As best seen in FIG. 11, pads 82 and 84 may be provided with ramps (or cams) 90 and 92, respectively, which facilitate separation (i.e., outward movement) of pads 82 and 84.
  • Referring now to FIGS. [0050] 13-17, a second embodiment of a handheld computer 110 is shown. For brevity, the description of handheld computer 110 will be generally limited to its differences relative to handheld computer 10 described above. For convenience, elements of handheld computer 110 that are substantially similar to corresponding elements of handheld computer 10 will be identified by the same reference numerals but preceded by a “1”.
  • Handheld computer [0051] 110 differs from handheld computer 10 described above in that a cover 134 is releasably and pivotally coupled to a housing 132 by a double-jointed hinge arrangement 176 (instead of the ball and socket arrangement). In an exemplary embodiment, double-jointed hinge arrangement 176 comprises a generally T-shaped arm 162 having a proximal end 164 attached to a left edge 146 of housing 132 and a distal end 166 attached to a left edge 158 of cover 134. As indicated by arrow 179 in FIG. 13, proximal end 164 of arm 162 includes a pin (or rod) 178 that slidably engages a corresponding slot 180 formed in left edge 146 of housing 132 to form a first joint of hinge assembly 176. As indicated by arrow 172 in FIG. 14, the first joint permits cover 134 to pivot about a vertical axis 170 extending generally along left edge 146 of housing 132. As indicated by arrow 173 in FIG. 14, a second joint 181 of hinge assembly 176 may be formed midway along the length of tubular arm 162 to permit cover 134 to rotate about a horizontal axis 171 extending generally longitudinally through arm 162.
  • With the forgoing double-jointed attachment structure, cover [0052] 134 can be pivoted in a universal motion (i.e., swiveled in all directions) to a number of different positions to provide several distinct functions. For example, FIG. 15 shows a cover 134A in a closed position for protecting a display screen 114. In addition, FIG. 15 shows a cover 134B in a book open position for working on a flat worksurface. Starting from the closed position, the book open position can be achieved by pivoting the cover 180° outwardly about vertical axis 170 in the direction of arrow 172. Additionally, FIG. 15 shows a cover 134C in a video viewing position which positions housing 132 at a relatively steep angle relative to a horizontal work surface 168 for enhancing watching of video (see also FIG. 17). Starting from the book open position, the video viewing position can be achieved by pivoting the cover approximately 180° about horizontal axis 171 (as shown by arrow 173 in FIG. 14) and then rotating the cover about vertical axis 170 (as shown by arrow 172) until cover 134C extends generally perpendicular to housing 132. As another example, FIG. 16 shows a cover 134D in an oblique working angle position in which housing 132 is maintained at a relatively shallow angle relative to horizontal work surface 168 (see also FIG. 15) by cover 134D. Starting from the video viewing position, the oblique working angle position can be achieved by flipping cover 134C an additional 90° on horizontal axis 171. Finally, FIG. 15 shows a cover 134E in a fully open position that is particularly useful when computer 110 is to be held in a user's hand or placed on a desk with limited working space. Starting from the oblique working angle position, the fully open position can be achieved by flipping the cover approximately 90° on horizontal axis 171 (as shown by arrow 173) and further rotating the cover about vertical axis 170 (as shown by arrow 172) until inner surface 152 abuts (or closely conforms to) rear face 140 of housing 132.
  • An exemplary embodiment may utilize, be executed by, and/or be applied in a handheld computer including a processor such as but not limited to a Dragonball processor running at clock speeds of 33 MHz, 66 MHz, or other clock speeds, the Dragonball processor being available from Motorola Inc. of Schaumburg, Ill. An exemplary handheld computer may also include, but is not limited to, four (4) megabytes (MB) of flash read only memory (ROM) for storing BIOS information, operating system information, and other information. The flash ROM may be used to store, but is not limited to, any of a number of versions of the Palm operating system (OS) available from Palm, Inc. of Santa Clara, Calif. Further, an exemplary handheld computer may also include, but is not limited to, thirty-two (32) MB of synchronous dynamic random access memory (SDRAM) for storing program information, and other information to be used by the handheld computer. In an alternative embodiment, the handheld computer may also use a digital signal processor including an advanced RISC machine (ARM) processor available from Texas Instruments of Dallas, Tex. and may use, but is not limited to, a Linux based operating system. [0053]
  • It is important to note that the above-described preferred embodiments of the encasements for handheld computers are illustrative only. Although the invention has been described in conjunction with specific embodiments thereof, those skilled in the art will appreciate that numerous modifications are possible without materially departing from the novel teachings and advantages of the subject matter described herein. For example, although the covers are illustrated as being generally rectangular flat plates, the covers could have other configurations. Additionally, although only two joint structures were described and illustrated above for coupling the covers to the housings, additional joint structures could be used. Accordingly, these and all other such modifications are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention. Other substitutions, modifications, changes and omissions may be made in the design, operating conditions and arrangement of the preferred and other exemplary embodiments without departing from the spirit of the present invention. [0054]

Claims (45)

    What is claimed is:
  1. 1. A handheld computer, comprising:
    a housing; and
    a cover releasably connected to the housing by a universal hinge assembly.
  2. 2. The handheld computer of claim 1, wherein the universal hinge assembly allows universal pivotal motion between the cover and the housing.
  3. 3. The handheld computer of claim 1, wherein the cover has an inner surface that faces a display screen when the cover is in a closed position, and wherein the inner surface of the cover faces a rear face of the housing when the cover is in an open position.
  4. 4. The handheld computer of claim 1, wherein the cover has an inner surface that faces a display screen when the cover is in a closed position, and wherein the inner surface of the cover engages a horizontal work surface when the cover is in a stand position that maintains the housing at an inclined angle relative to the work surface.
  5. 5. The handheld computer of claim 1, wherein the universal hinge assembly comprises a ball and socket arrangement.
  6. 6. The handheld computer of claim 5, wherein the ball and socket arrangement includes a ball connected to the cover and a corresponding socket formed in an edge of the housing.
  7. 7. The handheld computer of claim 6, further including a pair of movable pads located within the socket on opposite sides of the ball for releasably receiving the ball therebetween.
  8. 8. The handheld computer of claim 7, wherein the pads are resiliently biased inwardly against the ball.
  9. 9. The handheld computer of claim 6, wherein the ball has a non-spherical outer surface.
  10. 10. The handheld computer of claim 6, wherein the ball has an outer surface including one or more depressions.
  11. 11. The handheld computer of claim 1, wherein the universal hinge assembly comprises a pin and slot arrangement.
  12. 12. The handheld computer of claim 11, wherein the pin and slot arrangement includes a pin connected to the cover and a corresponding slot formed in an edge of the housing.
  13. 13. The handheld computer of claim 1, wherein the universal hinge assembly includes a tubular member fixedly coupled to a first edge of the cover and pivotally coupled to a second edge of the housing.
  14. 14. The handheld computer of claim 13, wherein the pivotal coupling is provided by a ball and socket arrangement.
  15. 15. The handheld computer of claim 14, wherein the ball and socket arrangement includes a ball provided on a distal end of the tubular member and a corresponding socket provided in the second edge of the housing.
  16. 16. The handheld computer of claim 13, wherein the pivotal coupling is formed by a pin and slot arrangement.
  17. 17. The handheld computer of claim 16, wherein the pin and slot arrangement includes a pin provided on a distal end of the tubular member and a corresponding slot provided in the second edge of the housing.
  18. 18. A handheld computer, comprising:
    a housing;
    a first cover configured for releasable coupling to the housing; and
    a second cover configured for releasable coupling to the housing,
    wherein the first and second covers are of different types and one of the first and second covers is releasably coupled to the housing.
  19. 19. The handheld computer of claim 18, wherein the first and second covers differ from each other by having different indicia on outer surfaces thereof.
  20. 20. The handheld computer of claim 19, wherein the indicia on the outer surfaces of the first and second covers are selected from colors, patterns, textures, designs, pictorial images, graphic image, relief image, and combinations thereof.
  21. 21. The handheld computer of claim 19, wherein the indicia on the outer surfaces of the first and second covers are selected from business identifiers, sports team identifiers, educational school identifiers, names or initials, logos, and combinations thereof.
  22. 22. A handheld computer, comprising:
    a housing; and
    a cover releasably connected to the housing by a hinge assembly that allows universal pivoting movement between the cover and the housing.
  23. 23. The handheld computer of claim 22, wherein the hinge assembly comprises a ball and socket arrangement.
  24. 24. The handheld computer of claim 23, wherein the ball and socket arrangement includes a ball provided on a distal end of a tubular member attached to the cover and a corresponding socket provided in an edge of the housing.
  25. 25. The handheld computer of claim 24, wherein the socket includes a pair of pads slidably mounted in the socket on opposite sides of the ball and biased into contact therewith.
  26. 26. The handheld computer of claim 22, wherein the hinge assembly comprises a pin and slot arrangement.
  27. 27. The handheld computer of claim 26, wherein the pin and slot arrangement includes a pin provided on a distal end of a tubular member attached to the cover and a corresponding slot provided in an edge of the housing.
  28. 28. A handheld computer, comprising:
    a housing;
    a cover; and
    means for releasably coupling the cover to the housing to provide universal pivoting motion between the cover and the housing.
  29. 29. The handheld computer of claim 28, wherein the coupling means comprises a ball and socket arrangement.
  30. 30. The handheld computer of claim 29, wherein the ball and socket arrangement includes a ball provided on a distal end of a tubular member attached to the cover and a corresponding socket provided in an edge of the housing.
  31. 31. The handheld computer of claim 30, wherein the socket includes a pair of pads slidably mounted in the socket on opposite sides of the ball and biased into contact therewith.
  32. 32. The handheld computer of claim 28, wherein the coupling means comprises a rod and groove arrangement.
  33. 33. The handheld computer of claim 32, wherein the rod and groove arrangement includes a rod provided on a distal end of a tubular member attached to the cover and a corresponding groove provided in an edge of the housing.
  34. 34. A method of reconfiguring a handheld computer, the computer including a housing and a first cover releasably coupled thereto by a universal hinge assembly, the method comprising:
    decoupling the first cover from the housing; and
    releasably coupling a second cover to the housing, the second cover being of a different type than the first cover.
  35. 35. The method of claim 34, wherein the decoupling and coupling steps are accomplished by moving the cover in a direction substantially transverse to an edge of the housing.
  36. 36. The method claim 35, wherein the universal hinge assembly comprises a ball connected to an edge of the cover and a socket formed on an edge of the housing, the decoupling and coupling steps being accomplished by snapping the ball into the socket.
  37. 37. The method of claim 34, wherein the decoupling and coupling steps are accomplished by moving the cover in a direction substantially parallel to an edge of the housing.
  38. 38. The method claim 37, wherein the universal hinge assembly comprises a pin connected to an edge of the cover and a groove formed along an edge of the housing, the decoupling and coupling steps being accomplished by sliding the pin into the groove.
  39. 39. A handheld computer, comprising:
    a housing including a display mounted therein;
    a cover pivotally connected to the housing by a hinge assembly, the cover configured to pivot between a closed position overlying the display and an open position that permits access to the display; and
    an elastomeric material affixed to the cover and configured to abut the screen when the cover is in the closed position.
  40. 40. The method claim 39, wherein the elastomeric material is affixed to an inner face of the cover.
  41. 41. The method claim 40, wherein the elastomeric material is affixed to the inner face in the shape of an X.
  42. 42. The method claim 40, wherein the inner face of the cover has a generally rectangular profile and the X-shaped elastomeric material extends to proximate at least one corner.
  43. 43. The method claim 40, further including a plurality of feet on an outer surface of the cover.
  44. 44. The method claim 43, wherein the plurality of feet are made from the elastomeric material.
  45. 45. The method claim 43, wherein the outer face of the cover has a generally rectangular profile and the feet are provided proximate at least one cover.
US10158707 2002-01-29 2002-05-30 Replaceable cover for handheld computer Abandoned US20030142471A1 (en)

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