US20030136588A1 - Roller cone drill bit having designed walk characteristics - Google Patents

Roller cone drill bit having designed walk characteristics Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20030136588A1
US20030136588A1 US10/057,771 US5777102A US2003136588A1 US 20030136588 A1 US20030136588 A1 US 20030136588A1 US 5777102 A US5777102 A US 5777102A US 2003136588 A1 US2003136588 A1 US 2003136588A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
cone
bit
cones
cutting elements
roller
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10/057,771
Inventor
David Truax
Douglas Rock
Graham Mensa-Wilmot
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Smith International Inc
Original Assignee
Smith International Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Smith International Inc filed Critical Smith International Inc
Priority to US10/057,771 priority Critical patent/US20030136588A1/en
Assigned to SMITH INTERNATIONAL, INC. reassignment SMITH INTERNATIONAL, INC. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: MENSA-WILMOT, GRAHAM, ROCK, DOUGLAS, TRUAX, DAVID
Publication of US20030136588A1 publication Critical patent/US20030136588A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B10/00Drill bits
    • E21B10/08Roller bits
    • E21B10/16Roller bits characterised by tooth form or arrangement

Abstract

A roller cone drill bit having selected left hand walk is disclosed. The bit includes a bit body adapted to couple to a drill string, and a plurality of legs depending from the bit body. Each leg has a roller cone rotatably mounted thereon. Each cone includes a plurality of cutting elements thereon. At least one cone has a nose point of its profile displaced radially inward with respect to a nose point of the profile of the other cones. A roller cone drill bit having selected right hand walk is also disclosed. The bit include a bit body adapted to couple to a drill string, and a plurality of legs depending from the bit body. Each leg has a roller cone rotatably mounted thereon, each cone including a plurality of cutting elements thereon defining a profile. At least one cone has a nose point of the profile displaced radially outward with respect to a nose point of the profile of the other cones.

Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • Not applicable. [0001]
  • STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT
  • Not applicable. [0002]
  • BACKGROUND OF INVENTION
  • 1. Field of the Invention [0003]
  • The invention relates generally to the field of roller cone drill bits used to drill wellbores through the earth. More particularly, the invention relates to roller cone drill bits having predetermined directional drilling characteristics. [0004]
  • 2. Background Art [0005]
  • Roller cone drill bits are commonly used to drill wellbores through earth formations. A typical roller cone bit includes a bit body adapted to be coupled to a drill string, and having one or more roller cones each rotatably mounted on a bearing journal depending from the bit body. The roller cones have a plurality of cutting elements, such as milled steel teeth ,or hard or super hard material inserts disposed at selected locations about the cones. As the bit body is rotated by the drill string, the cutting elements on the roller cones come into scraping and crushing contact with the bottom and side of the wellbore, cutting through the earth formations. [0006]
  • It is known in the art to drill certain wellbores along a predetermined trajectory other than vertical for the purpose of penetrating selected earth formations at a subsurface position different from the surface position of the wellbore. Many types of directional drilling tools are known in the art for drilling wellbores along selected trajectories. It is well known in the art that drill bits have certain tendency to “walk” or change the azimuthal direction of the wellbore as drilling progresses. Bit walk, when uncontrolled, can have an effect on the efficiency and accuracy of directional drilling operations. Polycrystalline diamond compact (PDC) bits are known in the art which have predictable walk tendencies. Such bits are described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,937,958 issued to Mensa-Wilmot et al. Bits having predictable walk tendencies can improve the efficiency and accuracy of directional drilling operations, for reasons well explained in the '[0007] 958 patent.
  • Certain earth formations, however, are more effectively drilled using roller cone bits than by using PDC bits. What is needed, therefore, is a roller cone bit having selected walk tendencies. [0008]
  • SUMMARY OF INVENTION
  • One aspect of the invention is a roller cone drill bit having a selected amount of left hand walk. The bit includes a bit body adapted to couple to a drill string, and a plurality of legs depending from the bit body. Each leg has a roller cone rotatably mounted thereon. Each cone includes a plurality of cutting elements thereon. At least one cone has a nose point of its profile displaced radially inward with respect to a nose point of the profile of the other cones. [0009]
  • In one embodiment, the leg on which the at least one cone is mounted is arranged so that the cone axis offset is greater than on the other cones. In one embodiment, the leg on which the at least one cone is mounted is arranged so that has a smaller journal angle than the other legs. In one embodiment, the at least one cone has larger cutting elements than on the other cones. In one embodiment, the at least one cone has more aggressive cutting elements than on the other cones. [0010]
  • Another aspect of the invention is a roller cone drill bit having a selected amount of right hand walk. The bit includes a bit body adapted to couple to a drill string, and a plurality of legs depending from the bit body. Each leg has a roller cone rotatably mounted thereon. Each cone includes a plurality of cutting elements thereon. At least one cone has a nose point of its profile displaced radially outward with respect to a nose point of the profile of the other cones. [0011]
  • Other aspects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description and the appended claims.[0012]
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 shows one example of a roller cone bit according to the invention. [0013]
  • FIG. 2 shows a profile view of a roller cone having a nose point at a conventional location along the profile. [0014]
  • FIG. 3 shows a profile view of a roller cone having a nose point located toward the rotational axis of the bit. [0015]
  • FIG. 4 shows a profile view of a roller cone having a nose point located toward the gage side of the bit.[0016]
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • The invention in its various aspects includes a roller cone drill bit having a plurality of roller cones, typically but not exclusively three such cones, each rotatably mounted on a bit body. In the various aspects of the invention, at least one of the roller cones has one or more of the following design aspects selected to be different than the other cones on the bit. These design aspects include axial position of the roller cone, lateral position of the “nose point” of the roller cone, type and aggressiveness of the cutting elements on the roller cone, journal angle of the roller cone, roller cone axis offset, lateral force generated by the roller cone during drilling and circumferential force generated by the roller cone during drilling. By selecting one or more of these design aspects to be different on one roller cone than on the other roller cones, a roller cone bit may be designed to have a selected amount of right hand or left hand walk during drilling, or neutral walk tendency during drilling. It should be understood that the individual aspects of the invention described herein are not exclusive of each other and in various embodiments of a bit made according to the invention, any one or more of the various aspects may be combined to provide a bit with a selected amount of right hand or left hand walk, or neutral walk tendency if such a bit is needed. [0017]
  • A general example of a roller cone bit which may include one or more of the various aspects and embodiments of the invention is shown in FIG. 1. The bit [0018] 10 includes a bit body 14 formed from steel or other high strength material. The bit body 14 typically includes a coupling 13 for joining the bit body 14 to a drill string (not shown). Roller cones 20, 30, 40 are rotatably mounted to the bit body 14. The roller cones 20, 30, 40, include various forms of cutting elements 16 thereon.
  • A profile view of one of the roller cones [0019] 20 is shown in FIG. 2. The cone 20 in FIG. 2 is an “insert” type, meaning that the cutting elements are inserts such as formed from tungsten carbide, but this is not intended to limit the invention. The cutting elements may also be milled steel teeth, or any other form of cutting element known in the art for use in roller cone bits. The cutting elements may include heel row elements 21, gage row elements 22 and interior row elements 23. An axially lowermost point 12A defined by a “profile” traced by the cutting elements is referred to as the “nose point”. The nose point 12A of the cone 20 in FIG. 2 is in a selected radial location along the “profile” of the cone 20, positioned between the longitudinal axis 11 of the bit and the gage edge 15 of the bit. The nose points on the other cones (see FIG. 1) are typically located in similar radial locations between the axis 11 and the gage side 15. As is known in the art, having similarly radially positioned nose points on all the cones typically results in a drill bit having a slight “right hand” walk characteristic.
  • FIG. 3 shows an embodiment of a roller cone [0020] 30 according to one aspect of the invention. The cone in FIG. 3 also includes heel row elements 31, gage row elements 32 and interior row elements 33, similar to the cone in FIG. 2. The nose point 12B of the cone 30 of FIG. 3, however, is positioned closer to the longitudinal axis 11 of the drill bit than the selected position of the nose point (12A in FIG. 2) of the cone in FIG. 2. Having at least one roller cone with such a nose point is one requirement to provide the bit with a tendency to “left hand” walk. By appropriate selection of the position of the nose point 12B on at least one cone, combined with other design selections, the drill bit may be designed to have a selected amount of left hand walk, right hand walk or neutral walk tendencies.
  • One of the cutting elements, shown at [0021] 33A in FIG. 3, extends at least out to, or on some cases may extend past the longitudinal axis 11 of the bit. Such a cutting element is typically referred to as a “spear point” with reference to a milled tooth cutting element bit, but the effect is similar for bits in which the cutting elements are insert-type. In one aspect of the invention, a bit having a selected amount of left hand walk preferably includes at least one cutting element on at least one roller cone which extends to or past the longitudinal axis of the bit.
  • FIG. 4 shows an embodiment of a roller cone [0022] 40 according to another aspect of the invention. The cone in FIG. 4 also includes heel row elements 41, gage row elements 42 and interior row elements 43 as is the case for the other cones (20 in FIG. 2 and 30 in FIG. 3). The nose point 12C of the cone of FIG. 4, however, is positioned further from the longitudinal axis 11 of the drill bit, and closer to the gage side 15, than the selected position of the cone of FIG. 2. Having at least one cone with a nose point 12C moved closer to the gage side 15 provides the bit with a strong tendency to “right hand” walk. By appropriate selection of the position of the nose point on at least one cone, along with other design selections, the drill bit may be designed to have a selected amount of left hand walk, right hand walk or neutral walk tendencies.
  • In another aspect of the invention, selected ones of the cutting elements, such as [0023] 43A in FIG. 4, may be larger diameter, greater extension from the cone surface, and/or more aggressive in shape than other cutting elements on the same or the other roller cones. Such cutting elements 43A may provide the drill bit with selected right hand or selected left hand walk tendencies because they have varying degrees of aggressiveness on different portions of the bit, providing the bit with selected amount of torque in certain positions on the bit.
  • Referring again to FIG. 2, the cone [0024] 20 is mounted on the bit body (14 in FIG. 1) so that the rotational axis 20A of the cone 20 defines an angle with respect to the bit axis 11. This angle θ is referred to as the “journal angle”. The other cones (30 and 40 in FIG. 1) are also mounted at a selected journal angle. Typical prior art bits have the same journal angle for all the roller cones. In another aspect of the invention, the journal angle θ is made higher on one roller cone than on the other roller cones. Typically, bits known in the art for drilling “soft” formations have a journal angle of about 32.5 degrees. “Hard” formation bits have a journal angle of about 36 degrees, and “very hard” formation bits have a journal angle of about 39 degrees. In certain embodiments of a bit according to the invention, the one roller cone can have a journal angle of less than 32.5 degrees for soft formations, less than 36 degrees for hard formations, and less than 39 degrees for very hard formations, while the journal angle on the other cones is selected as conventional for the type of formation being drilled. Decreasing the journal angle on the at least one cone may provide the bit with increased tendency to left hand walk. In general, this aspect of the invention includes selecting a journal angle on one cone that is less than the journal angle on the other cones to provide a selected amount of left hand walk tendency.
  • Conversely, in another embodiment, the journal angle θ on the one cone may be made larger than the journal angle on the other cones. Making the journal angle larger on one roller cone may increase the tendency of the bit to right hand walk. [0025]
  • In another aspect of the invention, the axes of rotation of the cones, [0026] 20A in FIG. 2, 30A in FIG. 3 and 40A in FIG. 4, are oriented generally in the direction of the longitudinal axis 11 of the bit (as is apparent by reviewing FIG. 1 and is well known in the art). However, the axes of rotation 20A, 30A, 40A are typically not coplanar with the longitudinal axis 11, but each extend along a line which is displaced from the axis 11 by a selected amount. This selected amount is known as the cone axis “offset”. As is known in the art, the amount of cone axis offset for any particular bit is selected according to the type of formation being drilled and the structure of the cutting elements on the bit. In another aspect of the invention, one roller cone may have a larger offset than the other cones so as to increase the amount of left hand walk tendency of the drill bit. In a different embodiment, the amount of offset of one cone may be made smaller than the offset of the other cones to increase the amount of right hand walk tendency of the bit. The amount of offset is related to the amount of torque developed by the cone. The amount of torque will affect the tendency of the bit to right hand or left hand walk.
  • Another aspect of the invention is illustrated in FIG. 1. Each one of the roller cones [0027] 20, 30, 40 on typical prior art roller cone bits is positioned longitudinally along the bit so that the profile of each roller cone (see FIGS. 2, 3 and 4) are at approximately the same longitudinal position. In this aspect of the invention, the axial position of one of the roller cones, for example L2 for cone 20 may be displaced with respect to the axial positions of the other cones (L3 for cone 30 and L4 for cone 40) to provide the bit with a selected amount of right hand or left hand walk.
  • Yet another aspect of the invention concerns arranging the cutting elements on at least one cone to provide the bit with a selected amount of net lateral force generated during drilling. The lateral force includes two components, the radial and circumferential components. Preferably, this aspect of the invention is combined with having the net lateral force be in a direction corresponding to the position of one roller cone having one or more of the previously described aspects of the invention. For example, a bit may have the cutting elements arranged on the roller cones to develop a net lateral force in a direction corresponding to the azimuthal position (with respect to the axis [0028] 11) of one roller cone having a nose point closer to the longitudinal axis (11 in FIG. 2) than the other cones to increase the amount of left hand walk. As another example, the cutting elements may be arranged on one or more of the cones to develop a net lateral force in a direction corresponding to one roller cone having a higher journal angle than the other roller cones.
  • The actual amount of right hand or left hand walk which will be developed by any bit made according to the above aspects of the invention may be determined by simulating the drilling response of the bit using a simulation program described in co-pending application Ser. No. 09/524,088 filed on Mar. 13, 2000 and assigned to the assignee of the present invention. In a method of designing a drill bit to have a selected walk characteristic according to another aspect of the invention, a bit may be designed with an initial set of design parameters. The drilling response of the bit having the initial parameters is simulated. One or more of the design aspects (parameters) described above may be modified or adjusted on one roller cone, and the response of the bit simulated, until a desired amount of right hand or left hand walk is developed by the bit during drilling. [0029]
  • Various embodiments of the invention may provide a bit which has selected amounts of tendency to right hand walk or left hand walk during directional drilling operations. As will be readily appreciated by those skilled in the art, such selective walk tendencies may reduce the need for “slide” drilling with steerable motors in order to change the trajectory of a wellbore during directional drilling operations. [0030]
  • While the invention has been described with respect to a limited number of embodiments, those skilled in the art, having benefit of this disclosure, will appreciate that other embodiments can be devised which do not depart from the scope of the invention as disclosed herein. Accordingly, the scope of the invention should be limited only by the attached claims. [0031]

Claims (46)

What is claimed is:
1. A roller cone drill bit having selected left hand walk, comprising:
a bit body adapted to couple to a drill string;
a plurality of legs depending from the bit body, each leg having a roller cone rotatably mounted thereon, each cone including thereon a plurality of cutting elements defining a profile, at least one cone having a nose point of the profile displaced radially inward with respect to a nose point of the profile of the other cones.
2. The bit of claim 1 wherein the leg on which the at least one cone is mounted is arranged so that a cone axis offset is greater than a cone axis offset of the other cones.
3. The bit of claim 1 wherein the leg on which the at least one cone is mounted is arranged so that it has a smaller journal angle than a journal angle of the other legs.
4. The bit of claim 1 wherein the at least one cone has at least one larger cutting elements than the other cutting elements.
5. The bit of claim 1 wherein the at least one cone has more aggressive cutting elements than on the other cones.
6. The bit of claim 1 wherein the at least one cone comprises a spear point cutting element.
7. A roller cone drill bit having selected right hand walk, comprising:
a bit body adapted to couple to a drill string;
a plurality of legs depending from the bit body, each leg having a roller cone rotatably mounted thereon, each cone including a plurality of cutting elements thereon defining a profile, and wherein at least one cone has a nose point of the profile displaced radially outward with respect to a nose point of the profile of the other cones.
8. The bit of claim 7 wherein the leg on which the at least one cone is mounted is arranged so that a cone axis offset is greater than a cone axis offset of the other cones.
9. The bit of claim 7 wherein the leg on which the at least one cone is mounted is arranged so that it has a greater journal angle than a journal angle of the other legs.
10. The bit of claim 7 wherein the at least one cone has larger cutting elements than on the other cones.
11. The bit of claim 7 wherein the at least one cone has more aggressive cutting elements than on the other cones.
12. A roller cone bit having a selected walk tendency, comprising:
a bit body adapted to couple to a drill string; and
a plurality of legs depending from the bit body, each leg having a roller cone rotatably mounted thereon, each cone including a plurality of cutting elements thereon, at least one cone having a different journal angle than the other cones.
13. The bit of claim 12 wherein the at least one cone has a different cone axis offset than the other cones.
14. The bit of claim 12 wherein the cutting elements on the at least one cone define a profile having a different nose point than the other cones.
15. The bit of claim 12 wherein the cutting elements are arranged on the roller cones to provide a net lateral force in an azimuthal direction of the at least one cone when the bit is drilling.
16. The bit of claim 12 wherein the at least one cone has a different axial profile position than the other cones.
17. The bit of claim 12 wherein the at least one cone comprises at least one larger cutting element than the cutting elements on the other cones.
18. The bit of claim 12 wherein the at least one cone comprises at least one more aggressive cutting element than the cutting elements on the other cones.
19. A roller cone bit having a selected walk tendency, comprising: a bit body adapted to couple to a drill string; and
a plurality of legs depending from the bit body, each leg having a roller cone rotatably mounted thereon, each cone including a plurality of cutting elements thereon, at least one cone having a different cone axis offset than the other cones.
20. The bit of claim 19 wherein the cutting elements on the at least one cone define a profile having a different nose point than the other cones.
21. The bit of claim 19 wherein the cutting elements are arranged on the roller cones to provide a net lateral force in an azimuthal direction of the at least one cone when the bit is drilling.
22. The bit of claim 19 wherein the at least one cone has a different axial profile position than the other cones.
23. The bit of claim 19 wherein the at least one cone comprises at least one larger cutting element than the cutting elements on the other cones.
24. The bit of claim 19 wherein the at least one cone comprises at least one more aggressive cutting element than the cutting elements on the other cones.
25. A roller cone bit having a selected walk tendency, comprising:
a bit body adapted to couple to a drill string; and
a plurality of legs depending from the bit body, each leg having a roller cone rotatably mounted thereon, each cone including thereon a plurality of cutting elements, at least one cone having a different axial profile position than the other cones.
26. The bit of claim 25 wherein the cutting elements on the at least one cone define a profile having a different nose point than the other cones.
27. The bit of claim 25 wherein the cutting elements are arranged on the roller cones to provide a net lateral force in an azimuthal direction of the at least one cone when the bit is drilling.
28. The bit of claim 25 wherein the at least one cone comprises at least one larger cutting element than the cutting elements on the other cones.
29. The bit of claim 25 wherein the at least one cone comprises at least one more aggressive cutting element than the other cones.
30. The bit of claim 25 wherein the at least one cone has a different cone axis offset than the other cones.
31. The bit of claim 25 wherein the at least one cone has a different journal angle than the other cones.
32. A roller cone bit having a selected walk tendency, comprising:
a bit body adapted to couple to a drill string; and
a plurality of legs depending from the bit body, each leg having a roller cone rotatably mounted thereon, each cone including thereon a plurality of cutting elements thereon, the cutting elements arranged so that at least one cone exerts a different axial force during drilling than the other cones.
33. The bit of claim 32 wherein the at least one cone has a different axial profile position than the other cones.
34. The bit of claim 32 wherein the at least one cone comprises at least one larger cutting element than the cutting elements on the other cones.
35. The bit of claim 32 wherein the at least one cone comprises at least one more aggressive cutting element than the other cones.
36. The bit of claim 32 wherein the cutting elements on the at least one cone define a profile having a different nose point than the other cones.
37. The bit of claim 32 wherein the cutting elements are arranged on the roller cones to provide a net lateral force in an azimuthal direction of the at least one cone.
38. The bit of claim 32 wherein the at least one cone has a different cone axis offset than the other cones.
39. The bit of claim 32 wherein the at least one cone has a different journal angle than the other cones.
40. A method for designing a roller cone drill bit having selected walk tendency, comprising:
selecting initial bit design parameters;
simulating response of the bit during drilling;
adjusting at least one of the initial bit design parameters on at least one of a plurality of roller cones on the drill bit; and
repeating the simulating and adjusting until the selected walk tendency is determined.
41. The method of claim 40 wherein the at least one initial bit design parameter comprises a lateral position of a nose point of a profile defined by cutting elements on the at least one roller cone.
42. The method of claim 40 wherein the at least one initial bit design parameter comprises a cone axis offset.
43. The method of claim 40 wherein the at least one initial bit design parameter comprises a journal angle.
44. The method of claim 40 wherein the at least one initial bit design parameter comprises a cutting element size.
45. The method of claim 40 wherein the at least one initial bit design parameter comprises a cutting element aggressiveness.
46. The method of claim 40 wherein the at least one initial bit design parameter comprises arrangement of cutting elements on the roller cones to provide a net lateral force in an azimuthal direction of the at least one roller cone during drilling.
US10/057,771 2002-01-24 2002-01-24 Roller cone drill bit having designed walk characteristics Abandoned US20030136588A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10/057,771 US20030136588A1 (en) 2002-01-24 2002-01-24 Roller cone drill bit having designed walk characteristics

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10/057,771 US20030136588A1 (en) 2002-01-24 2002-01-24 Roller cone drill bit having designed walk characteristics
CA 2417307 CA2417307A1 (en) 2002-01-24 2003-01-23 Roller cone drill bit having designed walk characteristics
GB0301695A GB2384503A (en) 2002-01-24 2003-01-24 Roller cone drill bit with inherent walk characteristics

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20030136588A1 true US20030136588A1 (en) 2003-07-24

Family

ID=22012656

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/057,771 Abandoned US20030136588A1 (en) 2002-01-24 2002-01-24 Roller cone drill bit having designed walk characteristics

Country Status (3)

Country Link
US (1) US20030136588A1 (en)
CA (1) CA2417307A1 (en)
GB (1) GB2384503A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040020693A1 (en) * 2000-09-08 2004-02-05 Frederik Damhof Drill bit
US20060219442A1 (en) * 2005-03-30 2006-10-05 Baker Hughes Incorporated Earth-boring bit with shear cutting elements
US20070227781A1 (en) * 2006-04-03 2007-10-04 Cepeda Karlos B High Density Row on Roller Cone Bit
US20070240904A1 (en) * 2006-04-14 2007-10-18 Baker Hughes Incorporated Methods for designing and fabricating earth-boring rotary drill bits having predictable walk characteristics and drill bits configured to exhibit predicted walk characteristics
US20090188724A1 (en) * 2008-01-11 2009-07-30 Smith International, Inc. Rolling Cone Drill Bit Having High Density Cutting Elements
US20090271161A1 (en) * 2008-04-25 2009-10-29 Baker Hughes Incorporated Arrangement of cutting elements on roller cones for earth boring bits

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9574405B2 (en) 2005-09-21 2017-02-21 Smith International, Inc. Hybrid disc bit with optimized PDC cutter placement
GB2433277B (en) * 2005-12-14 2009-04-22 Smith International A drill bit
US8672060B2 (en) 2009-07-31 2014-03-18 Smith International, Inc. High shear roller cone drill bits
US8955413B2 (en) 2009-07-31 2015-02-17 Smith International, Inc. Manufacturing methods for high shear roller cone bits

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2117679A (en) * 1935-12-27 1938-05-17 Chicago Pneumatic Tool Co Earth boring drill
US2463932A (en) * 1944-05-23 1949-03-08 John A Zublin Drilling bit
US2687875A (en) * 1951-11-20 1954-08-31 Hughes Tool Co Well drill
US2927778A (en) * 1956-07-05 1960-03-08 Chicago Pneumatic Tool Co Rotary drill cutters
US3495668A (en) * 1968-07-05 1970-02-17 Murphy Ind Inc G W Drill bit
US4763736A (en) * 1987-07-08 1988-08-16 Varel Manufacturing Company Asymmetrical rotary cone bit
US5967245A (en) * 1996-06-21 1999-10-19 Smith International, Inc. Rolling cone bit having gage and nestled gage cutter elements having enhancements in materials and geometry to optimize borehole corner cutting duty
US6345673B1 (en) * 1998-11-20 2002-02-12 Smith International, Inc. High offset bits with super-abrasive cutters
US6527068B1 (en) * 2000-08-16 2003-03-04 Smith International, Inc. Roller cone drill bit having non-axisymmetric cutting elements oriented to optimize drilling performance

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4804051A (en) * 1987-09-25 1989-02-14 Nl Industries, Inc. Method of predicting and controlling the drilling trajectory in directional wells
US5456141A (en) * 1993-11-12 1995-10-10 Ho; Hwa-Shan Method and system of trajectory prediction and control using PDC bits
US5937958A (en) * 1997-02-19 1999-08-17 Smith International, Inc. Drill bits with predictable walk tendencies
GB2345500B (en) * 1998-12-05 2002-09-25 Camco Internat A method of determining characteristics of a rotary drag-type drill bit

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2117679A (en) * 1935-12-27 1938-05-17 Chicago Pneumatic Tool Co Earth boring drill
US2463932A (en) * 1944-05-23 1949-03-08 John A Zublin Drilling bit
US2687875A (en) * 1951-11-20 1954-08-31 Hughes Tool Co Well drill
US2927778A (en) * 1956-07-05 1960-03-08 Chicago Pneumatic Tool Co Rotary drill cutters
US3495668A (en) * 1968-07-05 1970-02-17 Murphy Ind Inc G W Drill bit
US4763736A (en) * 1987-07-08 1988-08-16 Varel Manufacturing Company Asymmetrical rotary cone bit
US5967245A (en) * 1996-06-21 1999-10-19 Smith International, Inc. Rolling cone bit having gage and nestled gage cutter elements having enhancements in materials and geometry to optimize borehole corner cutting duty
US6345673B1 (en) * 1998-11-20 2002-02-12 Smith International, Inc. High offset bits with super-abrasive cutters
US6527068B1 (en) * 2000-08-16 2003-03-04 Smith International, Inc. Roller cone drill bit having non-axisymmetric cutting elements oriented to optimize drilling performance

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040020693A1 (en) * 2000-09-08 2004-02-05 Frederik Damhof Drill bit
US20060219442A1 (en) * 2005-03-30 2006-10-05 Baker Hughes Incorporated Earth-boring bit with shear cutting elements
US7673709B2 (en) * 2005-03-30 2010-03-09 Baker Hughes Incorporated Earth-boring bit with shear cutting elements
US20070227781A1 (en) * 2006-04-03 2007-10-04 Cepeda Karlos B High Density Row on Roller Cone Bit
US7621345B2 (en) * 2006-04-03 2009-11-24 Baker Hughes Incorporated High density row on roller cone bit
US20070240904A1 (en) * 2006-04-14 2007-10-18 Baker Hughes Incorporated Methods for designing and fabricating earth-boring rotary drill bits having predictable walk characteristics and drill bits configured to exhibit predicted walk characteristics
US7866413B2 (en) * 2006-04-14 2011-01-11 Baker Hughes Incorporated Methods for designing and fabricating earth-boring rotary drill bits having predictable walk characteristics and drill bits configured to exhibit predicted walk characteristics
US20090188724A1 (en) * 2008-01-11 2009-07-30 Smith International, Inc. Rolling Cone Drill Bit Having High Density Cutting Elements
US9074431B2 (en) * 2008-01-11 2015-07-07 Smith International, Inc. Rolling cone drill bit having high density cutting elements
US9856701B2 (en) 2008-01-11 2018-01-02 Smith International, Inc. Rolling cone drill bit having high density cutting elements
US20090271161A1 (en) * 2008-04-25 2009-10-29 Baker Hughes Incorporated Arrangement of cutting elements on roller cones for earth boring bits

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB0301695D0 (en) 2003-02-26
GB2384503A (en) 2003-07-30
CA2417307A1 (en) 2003-07-24

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CA2567025C (en) Modular system for a back reamer
CA2623231C (en) Earth boring drill bits with casing component drill out capability, cutting elements for same, and methods of use
US5423389A (en) Curved drilling apparatus
US7621351B2 (en) Reaming tool suitable for running on casing or liner
US8210288B2 (en) Rotary drill bits with protected cutting elements and methods
CA2288923C (en) High offset bits with super-abrasive cutters
US5497842A (en) Reamer wing for enlarging a borehole below a smaller-diameter portion therof
US20030051918A1 (en) Roller-cone bits, systems, drilling methods, and design methods with optimization of tooth orientation
US6612383B2 (en) Method and apparatus for milling well casing and drilling formation
US20040011567A1 (en) Method for designing cutting structure for roller cone drill bits
US5579856A (en) Gage surface and method for milled tooth cutting structure
CA2788816C (en) Shaped cutting elements on drill bits and other earth-boring tools, and methods of forming same
US6684967B2 (en) Side cutting gage pad improving stabilization and borehole integrity
CA2422262C (en) Multi profile performance enhancing concentric drill bit
US5678644A (en) Bi-center and bit method for enhancing stability
CA2826939C (en) Kerfing hybrid drill bit and other downhole cutting tools
CA2573888C (en) Steerable underreamer/stabilizer assembly and method
US6942045B2 (en) Drilling with mixed tooth types
US6059051A (en) Integrated directional under-reamer and stabilizer
US7111694B2 (en) Fixed blade fixed cutter hole opener
US20010045306A1 (en) Bi-center bit adapted to drill casing shoe
US6568492B2 (en) Drag-type casing mill/drill bit
US3833077A (en) Diamond drills
US20120130685A1 (en) Techniques for modeling/simulating, designing, optimizing and displaying hybrid drill bits
US6269893B1 (en) Bi-centered drill bit having improved drilling stability mud hydraulics and resistance to cutter damage

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: SMITH INTERNATIONAL, INC., TEXAS

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:TRUAX, DAVID;ROCK, DOUGLAS;MENSA-WILMOT, GRAHAM;REEL/FRAME:012666/0435

Effective date: 20020211

STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION