US20020071204A1 - Magnetic disk apparatus - Google Patents

Magnetic disk apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
US20020071204A1
US20020071204A1 US10/072,879 US7287902A US2002071204A1 US 20020071204 A1 US20020071204 A1 US 20020071204A1 US 7287902 A US7287902 A US 7287902A US 2002071204 A1 US2002071204 A1 US 2002071204A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
hub
spindle motor
opening
disk
bearing device
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10/072,879
Inventor
Katsutoshi Nii
Masaru Muranishi
Kenji Tomida
Kouki Uefune
Shozo Saegusa
Yuuichi Yanagase
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hitachi Ltd
Original Assignee
Hitachi Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP10-249293 priority Critical
Priority to JP24929398A priority patent/JP2000076779A/en
Priority to US09/388,439 priority patent/US6356408B1/en
Application filed by Hitachi Ltd filed Critical Hitachi Ltd
Priority to US10/072,879 priority patent/US20020071204A1/en
Publication of US20020071204A1 publication Critical patent/US20020071204A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C33/00Parts of bearings; Special methods for making bearings or parts thereof
    • F16C33/02Parts of sliding-contact bearings
    • F16C33/04Brasses; Bushes; Linings
    • F16C33/06Sliding surface mainly made of metal
    • F16C33/10Construction relative to lubrication
    • F16C33/1025Construction relative to lubrication with liquid, e.g. oil, as lubricant
    • F16C33/106Details of distribution or circulation inside the bearings, e.g. details of the bearing surfaces to affect flow or pressure of the liquid
    • F16C33/107Grooves for generating pressure
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C17/00Sliding-contact bearings for exclusively rotary movement
    • F16C17/04Sliding-contact bearings for exclusively rotary movement for axial load only
    • F16C17/045Sliding-contact bearings for exclusively rotary movement for axial load only with grooves in the bearing surface to generate hydrodynamic pressure, e.g. spiral groove thrust bearings
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C33/00Parts of bearings; Special methods for making bearings or parts thereof
    • F16C33/02Parts of sliding-contact bearings
    • F16C33/04Brasses; Bushes; Linings
    • F16C33/06Sliding surface mainly made of metal
    • F16C33/10Construction relative to lubrication
    • F16C33/1025Construction relative to lubrication with liquid, e.g. oil, as lubricant
    • F16C33/103Construction relative to lubrication with liquid, e.g. oil, as lubricant retained in or near the bearing
    • F16C33/1035Construction relative to lubrication with liquid, e.g. oil, as lubricant retained in or near the bearing by a magnetic field acting on a magnetic liquid
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B19/00Driving, starting, stopping record carriers not specifically of filamentary or web form, or of supports therefor; Control thereof; Control of operating function ; Driving both disc and head
    • G11B19/20Driving; Starting; Stopping; Control thereof
    • G11B19/2009Turntables, hubs and motors for disk drives; Mounting of motors in the drive
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B25/00Apparatus characterised by the shape of record carrier employed but not specific to the method of recording or reproducing, e.g. dictating apparatus; Combinations of such apparatus
    • G11B25/04Apparatus characterised by the shape of record carrier employed but not specific to the method of recording or reproducing, e.g. dictating apparatus; Combinations of such apparatus using flat record carriers, e.g. disc, card
    • G11B25/043Apparatus characterised by the shape of record carrier employed but not specific to the method of recording or reproducing, e.g. dictating apparatus; Combinations of such apparatus using flat record carriers, e.g. disc, card using rotating discs
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B33/00Constructional parts, details or accessories not provided for in the preceding groups
    • G11B33/14Reducing influence of physical parameters, e.g. temperature change, moisture, dust
    • G11B33/148Reducing friction, adhesion, drag
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K5/00Casings; Enclosures; Supports
    • H02K5/04Casings or enclosures characterised by the shape, form or construction thereof
    • H02K5/16Means for supporting bearings, e.g. insulating supports or means for fitting bearings in the bearing-shields
    • H02K5/167Means for supporting bearings, e.g. insulating supports or means for fitting bearings in the bearing-shields using sliding-contact or spherical cap bearings
    • H02K5/1675Means for supporting bearings, e.g. insulating supports or means for fitting bearings in the bearing-shields using sliding-contact or spherical cap bearings radially supporting the rotary shaft at only one end of the rotor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C2370/00Apparatus relating to physics, e.g. instruments
    • F16C2370/12Hard disk drives or the like
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B33/00Constructional parts, details or accessories not provided for in the preceding groups
    • G11B33/14Reducing influence of physical parameters, e.g. temperature change, moisture, dust
    • G11B33/1446Reducing contamination, e.g. by dust, debris
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B33/00Constructional parts, details or accessories not provided for in the preceding groups
    • G11B33/14Reducing influence of physical parameters, e.g. temperature change, moisture, dust
    • G11B33/1486Control/regulation of the pressure, e.g. the pressure inside the housing of a drive
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49002Electrical device making
    • Y10T29/4902Electromagnet, transformer or inductor
    • Y10T29/49021Magnetic recording reproducing transducer [e.g., tape head, core, etc.]
    • Y10T29/49025Making disc drive

Abstract

The hole that penetrates the axial direction in the hub, the force of the axial direction by fluid force that operates on the spindle motor is reduced during the rotation. Fluctuation of fluid power is reduced by this hole. The rotary precision of the axial direction improves. Against the oil leakage from the bearing equipment, magnetic fluid is used as a lubrication fluid of the bearing. Magnetic fluid is magnetized with the permanent magnet arranged in the bearing equipment, and oil leakage is prevented. Against scattering of the oil particle, the groove for dynamic pressure generation is in the opening of bearing equipment. The oil particle is kept inside the bearing equipment.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to a magnetic disk equipment using a dynamic pressure slide bearing. [0001]
  • Following remarkable spread of a personal computer, the magnetic disk equipment needs high recording density, large capacity, small size and high speed. The magnetic disk equipment, that is used for a personal computer, needs high speed and high precision of the rotation more and more. Ball bearings were used for the motor for a magnetic disk drive conventionally. Improvement of the manufacture precision and the lubrication, etc. in the ball bearings has raised rotary precision. [0002]
  • But the ball bearings have a limit to the improvement of manufacture precision. Rotary precision is deteriorated by wear of bearing surfaces. A transformation is easy to arise in the inside and outside ring in assembly of a motor, when the ball bearings of a small diameter are used for miniaturization of equipment. The limit of high recording density arises by the above reason. There is a motor that adopts a dynamic pressure slide bearing instead of ball bearings. This motor is disclosed in the Japanese patent Laid-open print No. 5-336697 official gazette. The motor that adopts a dynamic pressure slide bearing has the problem of the oil leakage from the bearing part and scattering of oil particles. The seal structure of a dynamic pressure slide bearing is disclosed to the Japanese patent Laid-open print No. 7-310830 official gazette. [0003]
  • SUMMERY OF THE INVENTION
  • The magnetic disk equipment for the personal computer of a desk top type and a notebook type is easy to handle it, and it is necessary to endure an impact when it falls from the top of a desk and during a portage. When magnetic disk equipment receives 500-1000 G impact, the intensity of the structure parts is deteriorated, and measured precision changes. In case of the magnetic disk equipment using dynamic pressure slide bearing equipment, the oil scattering from the bearing equipment occurs, and the function is sometimes harmed. [0004]
  • The structure that refers to the seal of bearing equipment is disclosed to the Japanese patent Laid-open print No. 8-310830 official gazette. This seal is used for the oil leakage measures of bearing equipment. But it is not considered against oil pollution of magnetic disk equipment. To increase rotary precision, a motor using a dynamic pressure bearing is disclosed to the Japanese patent Laid-open print No. 5-336697 official gazette. But when a spindle motor is installed in magnetic disk equipment and it is rotated, fluid power operates on a spindle motor in the axial direction. This fluid power is generated by the flow of the air between rotary parts such as the magnetic disk and the stillness part. At this time, because the flow of the air is not uniform, the fluid power fluctuates and sometimes harms the rotary precision of the axial direction. [0005]
  • Therefore, the fluid power of the axial direction that acts on the spindle motor for high recording density of the magnetic disk equipment must be reduced. A conventional spindle motor for the magnetic disk drive is positioned to the axial direction by force that attracts magnetically. But a conventional spindle motor does not consider the fluid power and the fluctuation of the fluid power that occur by the rotation of the magnetic desk. [0006]
  • It is an object of the invention to prevent pollution of the magnetic disk by the oil leakage and scattering of the oil particles from the bearing equipment. [0007]
  • Another object of the invention to provide the magnetic disk equipment with high reliability that does not generate the fluid power and the fluctuation of the fluid power that occurs by the rotation of the magnetic desk. [0008]
  • The present invention has a motor drive part and magnetic fluid bearing structure using the dynamic pressure slide bearing inside a hub on which the magnetic disk is mounted. A passage of the axial direction for air circulation is built in the hub. As a result, the fluid power and the fluctuation of the fluid power of the axial direction that acts on the spindle motor during the rotation is reduced, and the rotary precision of the axial direction is improved. To prevent the oil leakage from the bearing equipment, magnetic fluid is used as a lubrication fluid of the bearing. And magnetic fluid is magnetized with the permanent magnet arranged in the bearing equipment. [0009]
  • By preparing the spiral groove to generate the dynamic pressure in the opening of bearing equipment or in the face of hub that is opposed to this opening, the oil particle is prevented from rushing outside the bearing equipment. In case magnetic fluid leaks outside the bearing equipment by impact force that operates on magnetic disk equipment, the magnetic fluid leaked is recovered in the bearing equipment along the spiral groove by using the rotation of hub. [0010]
  • A hollow of a ring-form is provided in the hub in the neighborhood of the connection of the hub and the rotary axis. In case magnetic fluid leaks outside the bearing equipment by impact force that operates on magnetic disk equipment, the magnetic fluid leaked is held in this hollow. As a result magnetic fluid is prevented from scattering. [0011]
  • The passage for the air circulation that penetrates the axial direction was built in the hub on which the magnetic disk is mounted. As a result the fluid power of the axial direction that acts on the hub and the fluctuation of this fluid power can be suppressed. Because the rotary precision of the axial direction can be raised, the recording density of magnetic disk equipment improves. The groove for dynamic pressure generation was prepared in the opening of bearing equipment. The hollow of a ring-form was provided in the press fitting part of the hub and the axis. As a result, leakage of magnetic fluid that was enclosed in the bearing equipment and scattering of the oil particles can be prevented during the rotation. Leakage of magnetic fluid that was enclosed in the bearing equipment and scattering of the oil particle can be prevented even if impact power operates on magnetic disk equipment. Pollution of the magnetic disk is prevented, the precise spin of the magnetic disk can be maintained, and the life of the magnetic disk becomes long. By the above, magnetic disk equipment with a high recording density and with high reliability can be provided.[0012]
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is the part vertical sectional view of the magnetic disk equipment of the present invention. [0013]
  • FIG. 2 is the part vertical sectional view of the filter structure of the passage formed to the hub for the air circulation of the present invention. [0014]
  • FIG. 3 is the part vertical sectional view of the filter structure of the passage formed to the hub for the air circulation of the present invention. [0015]
  • FIG. 4 shows the groove shape of the upper end face of the bearing case for the dynamic pressure occurrence of the bearing equipment opening of the present invention. [0016]
  • FIG. 5 shows the groove shape of the upper end face of the bearing case for the dynamic pressure occurrence of the bearing equipment opening of the present invention. [0017]
  • FIG. 6 is the vertical sectional view of the seal ring and shows the spiral groove of the inside circuit (on the face that is opposed to the rotary axis of the seal ring) of the present invention. [0018]
  • FIG. 7 is the part vertical sectional view of a magnetic disk equipment not having a hole in the hub with respect to FIG. 1. [0019]
  • FIG. 8 is the part vertical sectional view of the magnetic disk equipment of other embodiment of the present invention.[0020]
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • As follows, the embodiment of the present invention is explained. [0021]
  • In FIG. 1, case [0022] 24 of magnetic disk equipment is comprised of casing 15 and casing cover 20. Part of case 24 is omitted in this figure. The transducer is arranged in the surface of the magnetic disk for recording information in the magnetic disk and for reproducing information recorded in the magnetic disk. The transducer is positioned to a truck where the information is recorded or reproduced in. In FIG. 1, a positioning device to position the transducer is omitted. In this case 24, motor (spindle motor) 25 for the drive of magnetic disk 13 is arranged. Motor 25 is composed of multipolar permanent magnet 10 provided in the inside circuit of hub 11 of the cup shape, armature winding 9 for magnetic field generation provided on the casing 15 side and armature iron core 8. That is, armature iron core 8 is adjusted to the projection part of casing 15.
  • Seal ring [0023] 7, dynamic pressure radial bearing 2, permanent magnet 3 provided between dynamic pressure bearings, stopper ring 16 and thrust bearing 5 are arranged in the bearing equipment along rotary axis 1 from the side (the upper side of the figure) of the opening of bearing case 6. Magnetic fluid 4 for lubrication is filled between rotary axis 1 and radial bearing 2, between rotary axis 1 and thrust bearing 5.
  • Spiral groove [0024] 17 of the shape that is shown in FIG. 4 or FIG. 5 is prepared in the opening end part of this bearing case 6. In case magnetic fluid 4 leaks in the space between the end of bearing case 6 and the face of hub 11, this spiral groove 17 returns the leaked magnetic fluid inside seal ring 7 by using the negative pressure or pumping that occurs by the turn of rotary axis 1. As a result the scattering to the side of motor 25 of magnetic fluid 4 can be prevented.
  • In the inside face of seal ring [0025] 7, spiral groove 21 is prepared. Groove 21 prepared in the seal ring 7 returns magnetic fluid 4 to the bearing side.
  • Rotary axis [0026] 1 press fitted to the hub 11 is supported to be able to rotate by dynamic pressure radial bearing 2 provided at both ends of permanent magnet 3. To hold magnetic fluid 4 in bearing case 6, permanent magnet 3 is arranged. The load of the axial direction is supported by receiving the sphere part of the tip of rotary axis 1 on thrust bearing 5. A magnetic disk Clamp 18 is fixed to the rotary axis 1 and hub 11 by bolt 19. Stopper ring 16 held between thrust bearing 5 and radial bearing 2 is fitted in groove 26 prepared in rotary axis 1. As a result rotary axis 1 does not come out to the axial direction. Passage 12 (hole) that connects the motor 25 side and casing cover 20 side for the air circulation penetrates the hub 11.
  • Several magnetic disks [0027] 13 install to the outer periphery of the hub 11 to keep the specified space by spacer 14. The top of magnetic disk 13 is fixed with magnetic disk clamp 18.
  • The sectional view of the magnetic disk equipment is shown in FIG. 7. [0028]
  • As shown in FIG. 7, the space between casing cover [0029] 20 and hub 11 is small, and the space is about 1 mm. The air that is shown to arrow A flows in a conventional structure that does not prepare hole 12 in the hub 11 when magnetic disk 13 spins. Therefore, the pressure difference arises between the side of the outer periphery of the magnetic disk 13 and the center of the hub 11. Then, the power that attracts the hub 11 to the casing cover 20 side occurs. Inside the hub 11 in which motor 25 is positioned, the air flows from arrow C to the direction of arrow B. At this time, the pressure difference arises between bearing case 6 and permanent magnet 10. But the force that attracts the hub 11 to the motor 25 side is small than the casing cover 20 side by difference between the differences of the diameter. Therefore, the hub 11 is attracted to the casing cover 20 side.
  • Disorder of the air on the casing cover [0030] 20 side arises by magnetic disk 13 and magnetic disk clamp 18. It acts as a fluctuation load of the axial direction. This fluctuation load is shown to arrow D. On the other hand, magnet thrust power is given to the hub 11 by force (about 100 GRF) that operates between permanent magnet 10 and armature iron core 8. But the bearing load that acts on the thrust bearing 5 becomes smaller than the thrust load at the time of standing still because the force that works by the pressure difference on the casing cover 20 side becomes the reverse direction.
  • The magnetic attraction force is at most 100 GRF. Therefore, when the load of the axial direction that occurs by the spin of this magnetic disk [0031] 13 approaches the magnetic attraction force, the vibration displacement of the axial direction by disorder of the air on the casing cover 20 side enlarges. The vibration displacement by this disorder of the air is the asynchronous vibration that does not relate to the number of revolutions. This asynchronous vibration cannot be controlled by the control system of magnetic disk equipment. Therefore, when the asynchronous vibration is large, the recording density of magnetic disk 13 cannot be raised.
  • In this embodiment, the hole [0032] 12 is prepared in the hub 11 to maintain the magnetic attraction force that operates between permanent magnet 10 and armature iron core 8, and to reduce the fluctuation load by disorder of the air. As a result the axial load that acts on the hub 11 is made to balance by making the pressure on the motor 25 side balance with the pressure on the casing cover 20 side. When the holes 12 are prepared in the hub 11, because the flow of the air becomes the arrow direction of FIG. 1, there is also an Advantage in cooling of the motor 25 side. By raising cooling of the motor side, the bearing equipment can be cooled. Therefore, evaporation of magnetic fluid enclosed in the bearing equipment can be suppressed. As a result the life of magnetic disk equipment becomes long, and reliability of magnetic disk equipment improves.
  • In this embodiment, passage [0033] 12 (hole) for the air circulation is built, and the flow of the air that is shown in the arrow of FIG. 1 is made. Even if passage 12 (hole) for the air circulation is applied to magnetic disk equipment on which the spindle motor using a conventional roller bearings is mounted, the fluctuation load by disorder of the air can be reduced. Therefore, the Function Advantage that is similar to the case of the slide bearing of FIG. 1 is obtained.
  • With the magnetic disk equipment of this embodiment. Using dynamic pressure radial bearing [0034] 2 that has three circular arcs or herringbone type dynamic pressure bearing 2, the hub 11 can maintain the high precision rotation. But as it is mentioned above, the flow of the air arises in the arrow direction shown in FIG. 1 on the motor 25 side. When the oil particle occurs by evaporation of magnetic fluid 4 enclosed in bearing equipment, the oil particle comes out to the magnetic disk 13 side along the flow of the air, and magnetic disk 13 is polluted.
  • As shown in FIG. 2, this pollution can be prevented by using the filter [0035] 27, made of fluorine resin or coated fluorine resin on fiber, to cover hole 12. While these filters 27 pass the air, liquid is not passed. Therefore, these filters 27 have the advantage that fits the purpose of the present invention. Filter 27′ can be made ring shaped against hole 12′ shown in FIG. 3. In this embodiment, by building passage 12′ for the air circulation that penetrates the axial direction in the hub 11′, the flow of the air arises in the arrow direction shown in FIG. 1. Because filter 27 shields the dust of bearing equipment and the motor part, the damage of magnetic disk 13 by the dust can be prevented.
  • In the slide bearing equipment, the occurrence of the oil particle by evaporation of the lubricant enclosed in the bearing equipment is not avoided. Therefore, long-term use decreases magnetic fluid [0036] 4 for lubrication enclosed in bearing equipment. When magnetic fluid 4 decreases, the dynamic pressure function of the bearing is harmed. When the dynamic pressure Function of the bearing is harmed, the vibration occurs by the oil shortage, and rotary precision deteriorates.
  • As shown in FIG. 4, FIG. 5 and FIG. 6, to prevent magnetic fluid [0037] 4 from decreasing by scattering, in this embodiment, spiral grooves 17 and 21 for dynamic pressure generation are prepared in the end of the bearing case 6 and in the inside circuit of the seal ring 7.
  • In case there is not spiral groove [0038] 17 for dynamic pressure generation in the end of bearing case 6, the rotation of the hub 11 generates the turning flow of the air inside the hub 11 in which motor 25 was arranged. And, as shown in FIG. 7, the air flows from arrow C to the direction of arrow B, and the pressure difference arises between axis 1 and permanent magnet 10. Therefore, the air of the end part of bearing case 6 becomes the turning flow. The oil particle that evaporated in bearing case 6 mixes in this turning flow and scatters on the motor 25 side.
  • In this embodiment, spiral groove [0039] 17 for dynamic pressure generation is prepared in the end of bearing case 6 to converge on the direction that is the same as the rotary direction of axis 1. The oil particle is returned to the seal ring 7 side by making the turning flow along spiral groove 17 (arrow direction of FIG. 4 and FIG. 5). As a result the oil particle that occurs because of evaporation, etc. in bearing case 6 does not scatter on the motor 25 side.
  • The space between the end of bearing case [0040] 6 and the hub 11 is made small so that an occurrence of the dynamic pressure becomes easy. For example, this space is 0.1 MM-0.3 MM. The space between the inside circuit of seal ring 7 and axis 1 is made 10 μM-30 μM, and the turning flow of the air of the arrow direction of the figure is generated in parts of the spiral groove 21. As a result the oil particle and magnetic fluid 4 that adhered to seal ring 7 is returned to radial bearing 2.
  • Groove [0041] 17 for dynamic pressure generation can be prepared in the face of the hub 11 that is opposed to the end of bearing case 6 instead of preparing in the end of bearing case 6. While the hub 11 rotated, the flow of the air was conducted to the radial bearing 2 side in the opening of the bearing equipment, and in the part of motor 25 the air flows in the arrow direction shown in FIG. 1. As a result the oil particle that comes out from the bearing equipment is prevented from scattering.
  • In this embodiment, when the impact operates on the axial direction, axis [0042] 1 is prevented from getting out by stopper ring 16. But magnetic fluid 4 enclosed in bearing equipment overcomes holding power by magnetic attraction force of permanent magnet 3 and sometimes comes out to the end part of bearing case 6. The space between seal ring 7 and axis 1 and the space between bearing case 6 and the hub 11 is made small like above. In case magnetic fluid 4 comes out, it also can be stopped to the neighborhood of the end part of seal ring 7.
  • In the embodiment shown in FIG. 8, hollow [0043] 23 of the ring-form in which magnetic fluid 4 is held is provided in the press fitting part of the hub 11 and axis 1. In case the hollow 23 is not provided, when the hub 11 rotates, the centrifugal force scatters magnetic fluid 4. In this embodiment, magnetic fluid 4 that comes out by impact force of the axial direction is held in hollow 23. When the hub 11 rotates, the oil particle is prevented from scattering, and magnetic fluid 4 is recovered into the bearing equipment by the function of the spiral groove prepared in bearing case 6 and seal ring 7. As a result pollution of magnetic disk 13 by the oil particle can be prevented.

Claims (14)

What is claimed is:
1. A spindle motor used in an information storage apparatus at least to reproduce an information from a rotating disk comprising:
a member which form a part of a case on which the spindle motor is installed;
a rotary axis;
a bearing device which support said rotary axis to be able to rotate against said member;
a cup-shaped hub to install the disk, which having a motor to rotate the disk and said bearing device in the inside, and
a passage for the air circulation, which connects the inside of said hub with the outside.
2. A spindle motor as claimed in claim 1, wherein an outside opening of said passage is arranged at an portion of said hub which is situated on opposite side of said member with respect to said disk.
3. A spindle motor as claimed in claim 1, wherein said disk is a plurality of magnetic disk stacked up on said hub, and an outside opening of said passage is arranged at an portion of said hub which is situated on opposite side of said member with respect to the disk stacked on the top.
4. A spindle motor as claimed in claim 1, wherein
said bearing device is comprising a seal ring, a radial bearing, a permanent magnet, another radial bearing and a thrust bearing arranged along said rotating shaft from a opening side;
said radial bearings are dynamic pressure sliding bearings; and
magnetic fluid is used as a lubricant for bearings.
5. A spindle motor as claimed in claim 1, wherein a filter is positioned in said passage.
6. An information storage apparatus at least to reproduce an information from a disk rotated by a spindle motor as claimed in claim 1, wherein a cover is provided to cover said disk, and an outside opening of said passage is provided so as to connect the inside of the hub with a space formed by said disk and said cover.
7. A spindle motor used in an information storage apparatus at least to reproduce an information from a rotating disk comprising:
a member which form a part of a case on which the spindle motor is installed;
a rotary axis;
a bearing device which support said rotary axis to be able to rotate against said member;
a cup-shaped hub to install the disk, which having said bearing device in the inside;
a motor structurally connecting to said rotary axis; and
a means for forcing back the fruid leaked from said bearing device into said bearing device, which is adjacent to an opening of said bearing device.
8. A spindle motor as claimed in claim 7, wherein said means is a spiral groove forming either in an opening of said bearing device or on a surface of said hub opposite to said opening.
9. A spindle motor as claimed in claim 7, wherein said means is a spiral groove forming in said opening of said bearing device, and a annular recess is formed on a surface of said hub opposite to said opening.
10. A spindle motor as claimed in claim 7, wherein said means is a spiral groove forming on an inner surface of a seal ring provided at a side of said opening.
11. An information storage apparatus at least to reproduce an information from a disk rotated by a spindle motor as claimed in claim 7, wherein a cover is provided to cover said disk.
12. A spindle motor as claimed in claim 1, wherein a spiral groove is formed either in an opening of said bearing device or on a surface of said hub opposite to said opening.
13. A spindle motor as claimed in claim 1, wherein a spiral groove is formed forming on an inner surface of a seal ring provided at a side of said opening.
14. A spindle motor as claimed in claim 1, wherein
a member which form a part of a case on which the spindle motor is installed;
a rotary axis;
a bearing device which support said rotary axis to be able to rotate against said member;
a cup-shaped hub to install the disk, which having a motor to rotate the disk and said bearing device in the inside, and
a passage for the air circulation, which connects the inside of said hub with the outside.
said bearing device comprising a seal ring, a radial bearing, a permanent magnet, another radial bearing and a thrust bearing arranged along said rotating shaft from a side of an opening;
said radial bearings are dynamic pressure sliding bearings; magnetic fluid is used as a lubricant for bearings;
said disk is a plurality of magnetic disk stacked up on said hub in the direction of the axis of rotation;
a spiral groove is formed either in an opening of said bearing device or on a surface of said hub opposite to said opening;
a spiral groove is formed forming on an inner surface of a seal ring provided at a side of said opening;
said passage is provided with said hub as a penetration hole of the axial direction that connects the inside and the outside the hub;
a filter made of a fluorine resin or comprising fibers coated with a fluorocarbon resin is positioned in said penetration hole: and
whereby said spiral groove force back the fruid leaked from said bearing device into said bearing device.
US10/072,879 1998-09-03 2002-02-12 Magnetic disk apparatus Abandoned US20020071204A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP10-249293 1998-09-03
JP24929398A JP2000076779A (en) 1998-09-03 1998-09-03 Magnetic disk device
US09/388,439 US6356408B1 (en) 1998-09-03 1999-09-02 Magnetic disk apparatus, including spindle motor having air flow passage in hub for pressure balance
US10/072,879 US20020071204A1 (en) 1998-09-03 2002-02-12 Magnetic disk apparatus

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US10/072,879 Abandoned US20020071204A1 (en) 1998-09-03 2002-02-12 Magnetic disk apparatus

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WO2006013417A1 (en) * 2004-07-28 2006-02-09 Minebea Co., Ltd. Fluid dynamic pressure bearing, spindle motor provided with the fluid dynamic pressure bearing, and recording disk drive device provided with the fluid dynamic pressure bearing
US20060215312A1 (en) * 2005-03-28 2006-09-28 Nidec Corporation Spindle Motor and Recording Disk Driving Apparatus Having the Spindle Motor
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US20040061404A1 (en) * 2002-09-27 2004-04-01 Nidec Corporation Recording disk drive motor, recording disk drive employing the motor, a method of manufacturing a stator used in the recording disk drive motor, and core plate that is used in the manufacture of the stator
US6982513B2 (en) 2002-09-27 2006-01-03 Nidec Corporation Recording disk drive motor, recording disk drive employing the motor, a method of manufacturing a stator used in the recording disk drive motor, and core plate that is used in the manufacture of the stator
WO2006013417A1 (en) * 2004-07-28 2006-02-09 Minebea Co., Ltd. Fluid dynamic pressure bearing, spindle motor provided with the fluid dynamic pressure bearing, and recording disk drive device provided with the fluid dynamic pressure bearing
US20070206889A1 (en) * 2004-07-28 2007-09-06 Minebea Co.,Ltd Fluid Dynamic Pressure Bearing, Spindle Motor Provided with the Fluid Dynamic Pressure Bearing, and Recording Disk Drive Device Provided with the Fluid Dynamic Pressure bearing
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US7511918B2 (en) * 2005-03-28 2009-03-31 Nidec Corporation Spindle motor and recording disk driving apparatus having the spindle motor
US9194434B2 (en) 2013-09-10 2015-11-24 Nidec Corporation Spindle motor and disk drive apparatus

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TW442780B (en) 2001-06-23
US6356408B1 (en) 2002-03-12

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