US20010019033A1 - Safety closure and container - Google Patents

Safety closure and container Download PDF

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Publication number
US20010019033A1
US20010019033A1 US09/859,068 US85906801A US2001019033A1 US 20010019033 A1 US20010019033 A1 US 20010019033A1 US 85906801 A US85906801 A US 85906801A US 2001019033 A1 US2001019033 A1 US 2001019033A1
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United States
Prior art keywords
portion
lug
neck portion
container
container neck
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Granted
Application number
US09/859,068
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US6378713B2 (en
Inventor
Gary Montgomery
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
BPrex HealthCare Packaging Inc
Original Assignee
Silgan Plastic Food Containers Corp
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Priority to US7593298P priority Critical
Priority to US13163198A priority
Priority to US09/859,068 priority patent/US6378713B2/en
Application filed by Silgan Plastic Food Containers Corp filed Critical Silgan Plastic Food Containers Corp
Assigned to REXAM MEDICAL PACKAGING INC. A DELAWARE CORPORATION reassignment REXAM MEDICAL PACKAGING INC. A DELAWARE CORPORATION ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: MONTGOMERY, GARY V.
Publication of US20010019033A1 publication Critical patent/US20010019033A1/en
Publication of US6378713B2 publication Critical patent/US6378713B2/en
Application granted granted Critical
Assigned to REXAM HEALTHCARE PACKAGING INC. reassignment REXAM HEALTHCARE PACKAGING INC. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: REXAM CLOSURES AND CONTAINERS INC.
Assigned to BPREX HEALTHCARE PACKAGING INC. reassignment BPREX HEALTHCARE PACKAGING INC. CHANGE OF NAME (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: REXAM HEALTHCARE PACKAGING INC.
Assigned to REXAM HEALTHCARE FLEXIBLES INC. reassignment REXAM HEALTHCARE FLEXIBLES INC. CHANGE OF NAME (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: REXAM MEDICAL PACKAGING INC.
Assigned to REXAM CLOSURES AND CONTAINERS INC. reassignment REXAM CLOSURES AND CONTAINERS INC. CHANGE OF NAME (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: REXAM HEALTHCARE FLEXIBLES INC.
Assigned to U.S. BANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION reassignment U.S. BANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION SECURITY INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: BPREX HEALTHCARE PACKAGING INC.
Assigned to CREDIT SUISSE AG, CAYMAN ISLANDS BRANCH, BANK OF AMERICA, N.A. reassignment CREDIT SUISSE AG, CAYMAN ISLANDS BRANCH SECURITY INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: BPREX HEALTHCARE PACKAGING INC.
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D41/00Caps, e.g. crown caps or crown seals, i.e. members having parts arranged for engagement with the external periphery of a neck or wall defining a pouring opening or discharge aperture; Protective cap-like covers for closure members, e.g. decorative covers of metal foil or paper
    • B65D41/02Caps or cap-like covers without lines of weakness, tearing strips, tags, or like opening or removal devices
    • B65D41/04Threaded or like caps or cap-like covers secured by rotation
    • B65D41/06Threaded or like caps or cap-like covers secured by rotation with bayonet cams, i.e. removed by first pushing axially to disengage the cams and then rotating
    • B65D41/065Threaded or like caps or cap-like covers secured by rotation with bayonet cams, i.e. removed by first pushing axially to disengage the cams and then rotating with integral internal sealing means

Abstract

A safety closure for use on a container neck portion, providing an end wall and a side wall depending from the end wall. The side wall has at least one lug projecting therefrom near a lower end thereof, which is engageable with at least one lug-receiving recess provided in the container neck portion. A sealing plug depends from the end wall and is sealingly engageable with a dispensing orifice provided in the container neck portion. At least one spring member depends from the end wall and are resiliently engageable with the container neck portion to bias the safety closure away from the container neck portion.

Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • This application claims priority from my U.S. Utility application Ser. No. 09/131,631 filed Aug. 10, 1998 which claims priority from U.S. Provisional Patent Application Ser. No. 60/075,932 entitled “Safety Closure and Container” filed on Feb. 25, 1998, said Application being incorporated herein by reference. [0001]
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • 1. Technical Field of the Invention [0002]
  • The present invention relates to safety closures for use on containers. More particularly, the present invention relates to a safety closure for use on a container, wherein the safety closure and the container are each provided with engageable locking means which cooperate to seal the container and to inhibit access thereto by individuals of tender years. [0003]
  • 2. Description of the Related Art [0004]
  • It is well known in the prior art to sealingly affix a safety closure upon the neck portion of a container to prevent unwanted spillage of the contents of the container therefrom. Typically, a gasket liner is positioned within the safety closure which sealingly engages an upper portion of the container neck portion. Alternatively, a sealing plug may be integrally-formed within the safety closure which resiliently engages the upper portion of the container neck portion to define a sealing fit therebetween. It is therefore desirable to provide a safety closure for use on a container neck portion, wherein the safety closure is sealingly affixable to the container neck portion to prevent spillage of the contents of the container therefrom. [0005]
  • It is even further known in the prior art for the safety closure and the container neck portion to each include engageable locking means which cooperate to inhibit removal of the safety closure from the container neck portion by individuals of tender years. It is therefore further desirable to provide a safety closure for use on a container neck portion, wherein the safety closure is sealingly affixable to the container neck portion to prevent spillage of the contents of the container therefrom, and wherein the safety closure and the container each include engageable locking means to inhibit removal of the safety closure from the container neck portion by individuals of tender years. [0006]
  • For example, U.S. Pat. No. 3,951,289 to Landen, and U.S. Pat. No. 5,449,078 to Akers, each teach a safety closure device being affixable to a container neck portion, wherein the safety closure includes a continuous plug which is engageable with the container neck portion to define a sealing fit therebetween. The continuous plug also serves to bias the safety closure outwardly from the container neck portion, thereby cooperating with locking means provided on the safety closure and on the container neck portion to inhibit removal of the safety closure from the container by individuals of tender years. However, it has been observed that, where a common element is used as both biasing means and sealing means, seal integrity is oftentimes breached due to the flexure of the common element which is necessary to provide the bias. Thus, it is further desirable to provide a safety closure for sealingly engaging a container neck portion, wherein the safety closure includes biasing means which are separate and independent from sealing means provided thereby. [0007]
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention is for a safety closure for use on a container, wherein the safety closure is provided with separate and independent biasing means and sealing means. The safety closure is provided with at least one lug which engages a bayonet provided on a neck portion of the container and which is biased in a “locked” position on the container neck portion by at least one spring member. The spring member flexes against an outer surface of the container neck portion to provide an upward biasing force to the safety closure, thereby seating the lug into the bayonet and requiring the user to depress the safety closure downwardly against the spring member bias to unseat the lug. The sealing means is preferably an integral plug which is sized to engage an opening in the container neck portion. Flexure of the spring member does not affect the sealing engagement of the plug within the opening. [0008]
  • It is an object of the present invention to provide a safety closure for use on a container neck portion, wherein the safety closure is sealingly affixable to the container neck portion to prevent spillage of the contents of the container therefrom. [0009]
  • It is another object of the present invention to provide a safety closure for use on a container neck portion, wherein the safety closure is sealingly affixable to the container neck portion to prevent spillage of the contents of the container therefrom, and wherein the safety closure and the container each include engageable locking means to inhibit removal of the safety closure from the container neck portion by individuals of tender years. [0010]
  • It is still another object of the present invention to provide a safety closure for sealingly engaging a container neck portion, wherein the safety closure includes biasing means which are separate and independent from sealing means provided thereby. [0011]
  • These and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art upon reading the ensuing detailed description in conjunction with the drawings and with reference to the appended claims. [0012]
  • A safety closure according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention includes an end wall and a side wall depending from the end wall. The side wall has at least one lug projecting therefrom near a lower end thereof, which is engageable with at least one lug-receiving recess provided in the container neck portion. A sealing plug depends from the end wall and is sealingly engageable with a dispensing orifice provided in the container neck portion. At least one spring member depends from the end wall and is resiliently engageable with the container neck portion to bias the safety closure away from the container neck portion. [0013]
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • A better understanding of the present invention will be had upon reference to the following description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which like numerals refer to like parts, and wherein: [0014]
  • FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a safety closure according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, shown in spaced relation to a container neck portion according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention; [0015]
  • FIG. 2 is a top view of the container neck portion of FIG. 1; [0016]
  • FIG. 3 is a side view of the container neck portion of FIG. 1; [0017]
  • FIG. 4 is a section view of the container neck portion of FIG. 1, shown along section line [0018] 4-4 of FIG. 2;
  • FIG. 5 is a bottom view of the safety closure of FIG. 1; [0019]
  • FIG. 6 is a section view of the safety closure of FIG. 1, shown along section line [0020] 6-6 of FIG. 5;
  • FIG. 7 is a section view of the safety closure of FIG. 1, shown along section line [0021] 7-7 of FIG. 5;
  • FIG. 8 is a side view of the safety closure of FIG. 1 shown affixed to the container neck portion of FIG. 1; [0022]
  • FIG. 9 is a section view of the safety closure of FIG. 1 shown affixed to the container neck portion of FIG. 1, and shown along section line [0023] 9-9 of FIG. 8;
  • FIG. 10 is a section view of a safety closure according to an alternative embodiment of the present invention; [0024]
  • FIG. 11 is a section view of the safety closure of FIG. 10 shown affixed to the container neck portion of FIG. 1; [0025]
  • FIG. 12 is a detail section view of a sealing region of the safety closure of FIG. 10 shown affixed to the container neck portion of FIG. 1; [0026]
  • FIG. 13 is a detail section view of a sealing region of a safety closure according to another alternative embodiment of the present invention shown affixed to the container neck portion of FIG. 1; [0027]
  • FIG. 14 is a section view of a safety closure according to another embodiment of the present invention shown affixed to the container neck portion of FIG. 1; and, [0028]
  • FIG. 15 is a section view of a safety closure according to another embodiment of the present invention shown affixed to a container neck portion according to another embodiment of the present invention. [0029]
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • With reference to FIGS. [0030] 1-4, a container 50 according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, only an upper portion of which is shown in the Figures, includes a cylindrical body 52 defining a cavity 53 therein for receiving and storing therein a substance, such as, for example, a liquid, dry powder, or a plurality of pills, capsules, tablets or the like. A cylindrical neck portion 54 projects -axially upwardly from the body 52 and is connected to the body 52 by a frusto-conical shoulder 55. A frusto-conical camming portion 56 projects inwardly and upwardly from an upper end of the neck portion 54 and terminates in an upturned -cylindrical portion 59. The shoulder 55, the neck portion 54 and the camming portion 56 each include a passageway 55 a, 54 a, 56 a, respectively, therethrough, thereby providing communication between the body cavity 53 and a dispensing orifice 57 provided through an upper end of the camming portion upturned cylindrical portion 59 to permit filling and dispensing of the substance to and from within the cavity 53. The container 50 is preferably constructed from any suitable heat-setting, moldable polymer, such as, for example, polyester, polyethylene, polypropylene or the like, and is formed by any suitable process, such as, for example, injection-molding or the like.
  • The neck portion [0031] 54 includes at least one integrally-formed, radially-raised bayonet 60, and preferably, four bayonets 60 annularly spaced equidistantly around an outer perimeter of the neck portion 54, near the shoulder 55 and raised radially outwardly therefrom a preselected distance. The bayonets 60 may be integrally-formed with and connected to one another by an annular band 60 a raised radially outwardly from the neck portion 54 coextensively with the bayonets 60 along a lower portion thereof near the shoulder 55.
  • Each bayonet [0032] 60 includes an axial upright portion 70 projecting upwardly from the annular band 60 a away from the body 52 and an annular overhead portion 72 projecting annularly from said upright portion 70 in a backwardly (that is, counter-clockwise, when viewed from above) direction. The overhead portion 72 is spaced from the annular band 60 a by a preselected distance and terminates in a latch portion 74 projecting downwardly towards the annular band 60 a. The latch portion 74 is annularly spaced from the upright portion 70 by a preselected distance. The annular band 60 a, the upright portion 70, the overhead portion 72 and the latch portion 74 are preferably integrally-molded and are raised radially outwardly from the container neck portion 54 by a preselected distance.
  • The annular band [0033] 60 a cooperates with the overhead portion 72 of each bayonet 60 to define a lower radial recess 62 therebetween. An upwardly stepped portion 61 of the annular band 60 a projects axially upwardly therefrom towards the overhead portion 72 and is spaced annularly backwardly from the upright portion 70 of each bayonet 60 to define a lug-receiving recess 64 between a lower rail 74 a of the latch portion 74 and an upper rail 61 a of the annular band stepped portion 61. Where more than one bayonet 60 is provided on the container neck portion 54, the annular band stepped portion 61 may be integral with the upright portion 70 of each bayonet 60. The lower radial recess 62 communicates with an upper portion of the container neck portion 54 by the lug-receiving recess 64, which is sized to slidingly receive one of the at least one lugs 19 therein. The upright portion 70 of each bayonet 60 cooperates with the overhead portion 72 and with the latch portion 74 thereof to define an upturned recessed portion 63 being surrounded on three sides thereof by the raised bayonet 60 and being in communication with the lower radial recess 62.
  • With reference to FIG. 1 and FIGS. [0034] 5-7, a safety closure 10 for use on the container 50 is of an integral construction and includes an end wall 12, a cylindrical skirt 14 depending downwardly from an outer perimeter of the end wall 12, an outwardly-flared continuous annular plug 16 depending downwardly from an underside surface of the end wall 12, and at least one spring member 20 depending downwardly from the underside surface of the end wall 12 and spaced radially outwardly from the plug 16 a preselected distance. Alternatively, the at least one spring member 20 may project inwardly and downwardly from the closure cylindrical skirt 14. Preferably, eight spring members 20 are provided and are annularly spaced equidistantly outwardly around an outer perimeter of the plug 16, defining narrow annular spaces 20 a therebetween. The safety closure 10 is preferably constructed from any suitable heat-setting, moldable polymer, such as, for example, polyester, polyethylene, polypropylene or the like, and is formed by any suitable process, such as, for example, injection-molding or the like. An outer surface 18 of the skirt 14 may be provided with axial grooves, knurls, ridges, or other surface texturing to permit easy gripping and rotation of the safety closure 10.
  • At least one lug [0035] 19 is integrally-molded with, and projects radially inwardly from, an inner annular surface of the skirt 14 near a lower end 15 thereof. More particularly, one lug 19 is provided for each of the at least one bayonets 60 provided on the container neck portion 54. Preferably, four lugs 19 are provided and are annularly spaced equidistantly around an outer perimeter of the skirt 14 to fit between the bayonets 60, and more particularly, to fit within the lug-receiving recesses 64 defined by the bayonets 60. Each lug 19 is sized and shaped to be slidingly received within the container bayonet lug-receiving recess 64, the lower recess 62 and the upturned portion 63 of the lower recess 62.
  • With additional reference to FIGS. 8 and 9, the safety closure [0036] 10 is affixed to the container 50 (and particularly, to the container neck portion 54) by aligning the safety closure 10 with the container neck portion 54 such that the lugs 19 are aligned with their respective lug-receiving recesses 64. The safety closure 10 is then depressed axially downwardly onto the container neck portion 54 such that each lug-receiving recess 64 receives their respective lug 19 therein. The safety closure 10 is then simultaneously moved axially downwardly and radially forwardly (that is, clockwise, when viewed from above) such that the lugs 19 simultaneously travel within their respective lug-receiving recesses 64 and into their respective lower recesses 62. At this point, the annular plug 16 has been received downwardly into the orifice 57 of the upturned portion 59 and thereby forms a sealing fit with an inner annular surface of the upturned portion 59 and with an inner annular surface of the camming portion passageway 62 a, which may be provided with a slight inward radial taper downwardly away from the orifice 57 to prevent the plug 16 from becoming stuck therein.
  • The spring members [0037] 20 depend downwardly from the end wall 12 a sufficient distance (and the lugs 19 are spaced from the end wall 12 a sufficient distance) such that, as the lugs 19 travel downwardly within their respective lug-receiving recesses 64 and into their respective lower recesses 62, the spring members 20 abut an outer surface of the camming portion 56 and are flexed radially outwardly thereby against their natural resilience to remain in a substantially-downward orientation. The camming portion 56 thereby provides an axially-upward biasing force to the safety closure 10, biasing the lugs 19 upwardly and outwardly of their respective lug-receiving recesses 64 along an angled upper rail 74 a thereof define by the latch portion 74. The user prevents unwanted lifting and removal of the safety closure 10 from the container neck portion 54 by continuing to apply a downward axial force to the safety closure 10 against the upward bias of the spring members 20 at all times during which the lugs 19 are positioned in the lug-receiving recesses 64. If the user removes the downward axial force from the safety closure 10 while the lugs 19 are positioned within the lug-receiving recesses 64, the upward biasing force will lift the lugs 19 away from annular band 60 a until the lugs 19 abut the upper rails 74 a, at which point the upward biasing force will cause the lugs 19 to slide along the rails 74 a upwardly and backwardly, forcing the safety closure 10 off of the container 50.
  • However, once the safety closure [0038] 10 has been depressed downwardly a sufficient axial distance such that the lugs 19 are positioned within their respective lower recesses 62, the safety closure 10 is rotated forwardly a preselected distance such that the lugs 19 are positioned axially downwardly adjacent their respective lower recess upright portions 63. In response to the user's removing the downward axial force from the safety closure 10, the upward biasing force provided by the spring members 20 lifts the lugs 19 axially upwardly away from the annular band 60 a and seats the lugs 19 within their respective lower recess upright portions 63. Removal rotation of the safety closure 10 is thereby prevented while the lugs 19 are seated within their respective lower recess upright portions 63 by an abutment 69 defined by the latch portion 74 of the bayonet 60.
  • Removal of the safety closure [0039] 10 from the container 50 is accomplished by depressing the safety closure 10 downwardly against the upward biasing force provided by the spring members 20 a sufficient distance to unseat the lugs 19 from within the lower recess upright portions 63 and to position the lugs 19 within their respective lower recesses 62. The safety closure 10 is then rotated backwardly a sufficient distance such that the lugs 19 are no longer positioned axially downwardly from their respective lower recess upright portions 63, but are instead positioned axially downwardly from their respective lug-receiving recesses 64 and downwardly adjacent the angled rails 74 a thereof. The user's releasing the downward force opposing the spring member biasing force lifts the safety closure 10 axially upwardly relative to the container 50, thereby positioning the lugs 19 within their respective lug-receiving recesses 64 and to travel upwardly therein along the angled lower rails 74 a and off of the container neck portion 54.
  • The engagement of the annular plug [0040] 16 with the inner surface of the camming portion 56 provides an efficient, fluid-impervious seal therebetween which is not substantially negatively affected by flexure of the spring members 20 against the container neck camming portion 56. Because the spring members 20 are separate from the annular plug 16, the annular plug 16 does not need to flex to provide a biasing force, thereby maintaining the sealing fit between the annular plug 16 and the container neck portion 54 during affixing and removing the safety closure 10 therefrom.
  • With reference to FIGS. [0041] 10-12, a safety closure 110 according to an alternative embodiment of the present invention is shown affixed to the container 50 according to the preferred embodiment hereof hereinabove described, wherein the safety closure 110 according to the present embodiment includes many components in common with the safety closure 10 according to the preferred embodiment hereof hereinabove described, and wherein like reference numerals are intended to represent like components. However, the container 50 further includes an extended upturned cylindrical portion 159 having an outer sealing surface 159 a which is sized to sealingly engage a continuous sealing bead 117 projecting radially inwardly from a lower end of a continuous sealing collar 116 provided on the safety closure 110. According to the present embodiment, the sealing collar 116 depends downwardly from the top wall 12 of the safety closure 110, is positioned radially inwardly from the plurality of spring members 20 and is spaced circumferentially therearound. The spring members 20 are permitted to flex as necessary to provide the aforementioned upward biasing force without more than nominally affecting the sealing engagement between the sealing bead 117 and the outer surface 159 a of the container extended upturned cylindrical portion 159.
  • With reference to FIG. 13, a safety closure [0042] 210 according to another alternative embodiment of the present invention is shown affixed to the container 50 according to the preferred embodiment hereof hereinabove described, wherein the safety closure 210 according to the present embodiment includes many components in common with the safety closure 10 according to the preferred embodiment hereof hereinabove described, and wherein like reference numerals are intended to represent like components. However, the container 50 further includes an extended upturned cylindrical portion 259 having an outer sealing surface 259 a which is sized to sealingly engage a continuous sealing bead 217 projecting radially inwardly from a lower end of a continuous sealing collar 216 provided on the safety closure 210. Preferably, the sealing collar 216 depends downwardly from the top wall 12 of the safety closure 210. The plurality of spring members 220 depend downwardly from a lower end of the sealing collar 216 and are spaced circumferentially therearound. The spring members 220 are permitted to flex as necessary to provide the aforementioned upward biasing force without more than nominally affecting the sealing engagement between the sealing bead 217 and the outer surface 259 a of the container extended upturned cylindrical portion 259.
  • With reference to FIG. 14, a safety closure [0043] 310 according to another alternative embodiment of the present invention is shown affixed to the container 50 according to the preferred embodiment hereof hereinabove described, wherein the safety closure 310 according to the present embodiment includes many components in common with the safety closure 10 according to the preferred embodiment hereof hereinabove described, and wherein like reference numerals are intended to represent like components. However, the safety closure 310 according to the present embodiment includes a sealing bead 316 projecting inwardly from an inner surface of the cylindrical skirt 314 which is size to sealing engage an outer surface of the container neck portion 54. According to the present embodiment, the sealing bead 314 is positioned axially above the at least one lug 19, although the sealing bead 314 may be positioned at any axial position along the cylindrical skirt 314 which permits sealing engagement with a portion of the container neck portion 54. The spring members 20 are permitted to flex as necessary to provide the aforementioned upward biasing force without more than nominally affecting the sealing engagement between the sealing bead 316 and the outer surface of the container neck portion 54.
  • With reference to FIG. 15, a safety closure [0044] 410 according to another alternative embodiment of the present invention is shown affixed to a container 450 according to the present embodiment hereof, wherein the safety closure 410 and container 450 according to the present embodiment includes many components in common with the safety closure 10 and container 50 according to the preferred embodiment hereof hereinabove described, and wherein like reference numerals are intended to represent like components. However, the safety closure 410 according to the present embodiment includes a first sealing bead 416 projecting inwardly from an inner surface of the cylindrical skirt 414 which is size to sealing engage a second sealing bead 454 a projecting outwardly from an outer surface of the container neck portion 454. According to the present embodiment, the first sealing bead 414 is positioned axially above the at least one lug 19, although the first sealing bead 414 may be positioned at any axial position along the cylindrical skirt 414 which permits sealing engagement with the second sealing bead 454 a of the container neck portion 454. The spring members 20 are permitted to flex as necessary to provide the aforementioned upward biasing force without more than nominally affecting the sealing engagement between the first sealing bead 416 and the container neck portion 454 second sealing bead 454 a.
  • Although the present invention has been described in terms of specific embodiments which are set forth in detail, it should be understood that this is by illustration only and that the present invention is not necessarily limited thereto, since alternative embodiments not described in detail herein will become apparent to those skilled in the art in view of the disclosure. Accordingly, modifications are contemplated which can be made without departing from either the spirit or the scope of the present invention as described hereinabove. [0045]

Claims (25)

1. A safety closure and container combination, comprising:
a container having a body portion and neck portion, said body portion defining a cavity therein, said neck portion having a dispensing orifice in an upper end thereof, said dispensing orifice communicating with said cavity through a passageway in said neck portion, said neck portion having at least one lug-receiving recess therein and a camming portion on an exterior wall of said neck portion, said lug receiving recess spaced from and below said camming portion;
a safety closure having an end wall and a depending annular side wall, said side wall having at least one lug projecting therefrom, said at least one lug being engageable with said at least one lug-receiving recess in said container neck portion,
a sealing element depending downward from said end wall and being sealingly engageable with said container neck portion, and
at least one spring member being resiliently engageable with said camming portion on said container neck to bias said safety closure away from said container neck portion, said at least one spring member spaced outwardly from said sealing element.
2. The safety closure and container of
claim 1
said at least one spring member being comprised of a plurality of spring members, each of said plurality of spring members resiliently engageable with said camming portion.
3. The safety closure and container of
claim 1
, said sealing element engaging an inner surface of said dispensing orifice.
4. The safety closure and container of
claim 1
wherein said camming portion of said container neck portion includes a frusto-conical portion thereof on said exterior of said neck and further wherein said container neck portion includes an upright portion which contacts said sealing element.
5. The safety closure and container of
claim 1
, said sealing element engaging an inner surface of said dispensing orifice.
6. A safety closure and a container, comprising:
a container neck portion on said container, said container neck portion having at least one lug-receiving recess therein, a dispensing orifice and a camming portion on an exterior wall of said container neck portion, said lug receiving recess spaced from and below said camming portion on said container neck portion;
said safety closure having an end wall, a side wall depending from said end wall, said side wall having at least one lug projecting therefrom, said at least one lug being engageable with said at least one lug-receiving recess of said container neck portion,
a sealing element depending from said endwall and being sealingly engageable with said container neck portion, and
at least one spring member being resiliently engageable with said camming portion to bias said safety closure away from said container neck portion, said at least one spring member spaced outwardly from said sealing element.
7. A safety closure and a container, comprising:
a container neck on a container, said container neck having a plurality of lug-receiving recesses therein, a dispensing orifice and a camming portion on an exterior wall of said container neck portion, said lug receiving recesses spaced from and below said camming portion on said container neck portion;
said safety closure having an end wall, and a depending annular side wall, said side wall having a plurality of lugs projecting therefrom, said lugs being engageable with said lug-receiving recesses of said container neck portion,
a continuous annular sealing element depending from said end wall and being sealingly engageable with said container neck portion, and
a plurality of spring members being resiliently engageable with said camming portion to bias said safety closure away from said container neck portion, said at least one spring member spaced outwardly from said sealing element.
8. The safety closure of
claim 7
, said sealing element engaging an inner surface of said dispensing orifice.
9. A safety closure and a container, comprising:
a container neck on a container, said container neck having a plurality of lug-receiving recesses therein, a dispensing orifice and a camming portion on an exterior wall of said container neck portion, said lug receiving recesses spaced from and below said camming portion on said container neck portion;
said safety closure having an end wall, and a depending annular side wall, said side wall having a plurality of lugs projecting therefrom, said lugs being engageable with said lug-receiving recesses of said container neck portion,
a continuous annular sealing element depending from said end wall and being sealingly engageable with said container neck portion, and
a plurality of spring members being resiliently engageable with said camming portion to bias said safety closure away from said container neck portion, said at least one spring member spaced outwardly from said sealing element;
wherein said sealing element engages an inner surface of said dispensing orifice.
10. A safety closure and a container, comprising:
a container neck portion on said container, said container neck portion having at least one lug-receiving recess therein;
a dispensing orifice and a camming portion on an exterior wall of said container neck portion;
said lug-receiving recess spaced from and below said camming portion on said container neck portion;
said safety closure having an end wall, a side wall depending from said end wall, said side wall having at least one lug projecting therefrom, said at least one lug being engageable with said at least one lug receiving recess of said container neck portion, a sealing element depending from said end wall and being sealingly engageable with an outer surface of said container neck portion, said sealing element including a sleeve portion depending from said end wall and a sealing bead projecting inwardly from said sleeve ; and at least one spring member being resiliently engageable with said camming portion to bias said safety closure away from said container neck portion;
said at least one spring member spaced outwardly from said sealing element.
11. The safety closure of
claim 10
, said at least one lug being moveable within said at least one lug-receiving recess between a first position and a second position, said safety closure being removable from said container neck portion when said at least one lug is in said first position.
12. The safety closure of
claim 11
, said at least one spring member biasing said at least one lug towards a third position of said at least one lug when said at least one lug is in said second position, said at least one lug being seated within an upturned portion of said at least one lug-receiving recess when said at least one lug is in said third position.
13. The safety closure of
claim 10
, said at least one lug including four lugs being equidistantly spaced around said side wall.
14. The safety closure of
claim 10
, wherein said camming portion of said container neck portion includes a frusto-conical portion thereof on said exterior of said neck and further wherein said container neck portion includes an upright portion which contacts said sealing element.
15. The safety closure of
claim 10
, said sealing element engaging an inner surface of said dispensing orifice.
16. A safety closure for use on a container, comprising:
a container neck portion on said container, said container neck portion having at least one lug-receiving recess therein, a dispensing orifice and a camming portion on an exterior wall of said container neck portion, said lug receiving recess on said container neck portion spaced from and below said camming portion;
said safety closure having:
an end wall;
a side wall depending from said end wall, said side wall having at least one lug projecting therefrom, said at least one lug being engageable with said at least one lug-receiving recess of said container neck portion;
at least one spring member being resiliently engageable with said camming portion on said exterior wall to bias said safety closure away from said container neck portion;
a sealing element including a sleeve portion depending from said end wall and a sealing bead projecting from said sleeve portion, said sealing bead engaging an outer surface of said container neck portion.
17. A safety closure and container combination, comprising:
a container having a body portion and neck portion, said body portion defining a cavity therein, said neck portion having a dispensing orifice in an upper end thereof, said dispensing orifice communicating with said cavity through a passageway in said neck portion, said neck portion having at least one lug-receiving recess therein and a camming portion on an exterior wall of said neck portion, said lug receiving recess spaced from and below said camming portion;
a safety closure having an end wall, a side wall depending from said end wall, said side wall having at least one lug projecting therefrom, said at least one lug being engageable with said at least one lug-receiving recess in said container neck portion, a sealing element depending downward from said end wall and being sealingly engageable with said container neck portion said sealing element comprising a sealing bead, said sealing bead extending inwardly and engaging an outer surface of said container neck portion, and at least one spring member being resiliently engageable with said camming portion on said container neck to bias said safety closure away from said container neck portion, said at least one spring member spaced outwardly from said sealing element.
18. The safety closure and container combination of
claim 17
, said at least one lug-receiving recess being defined by at least one bayonet projecting outwardly from said container neck portion, said at least one lug being moveable within said at least one lug-receiving recess between a first position and a second position, said safety closure being removable from said container neck portion when said at least one lug is in said first position.
19. The safety closure and container combination of
claim 18
, said at least one spring member biasing said at least one lug towards a third position of said at least one lug when said at least one lug is in said second position.
20. The safety closure and container combination of
claim 19
, said at least one bayonet including an upright portion, an overhead portion and a latch portion, said upright portion, said overhead portion and said latch portion defining an upturned portion of said at least one lug-receiving recess, said at least one lug being seated within said upturned portion when said at least one lug is in said third position.
21. The safety closure and container combination of
claim 17
, said at least one lug including four lugs being equidistantly spaced around said side wall.
22. The safety closure and container combination of
claim 17
, said at least one spring member being comprised of a plurality of spring members, each of said plurality of spring members resiliently engageable with said camming portion.
23. The safety closure and container combination of
claim 17
, said sealing element engaging an inner surface of said dispensing orifice.
24. A safety closure and container, comprising:
a container neck portion on said container, said container neck portion having a plurality of lug-receiving recesses therein, a dispensing orifice, a camming portion therebetween and formed on an exterior wall of said container neck portion and an upstanding cylindrical portion extending upwards from said camming portion;
said safety closure having:
an end wall;
a side wall depending from said end wall, said side wall having a plurality of lugs projecting therefrom, said plurality of lugs being engageable with said plurality of lug-receiving recesses of said container neck portion;
at least one spring member being resiliently engageable with said camming portion to bias said safety closure away from said container neck portion;
a sealing element depending downward from said end wall and being sealingly engageable with said container neck portion, said sealing element comprising a sealing bead, said sealing bead engaging an exterior surface of said upstanding cylindrical portion;
said at least one spring member depending from said closure end wall.
25. The closure and container of
claim 24
wherein said at least one spring member is comprised of a plurality of spring members which are spaced outwardly from said sealing element.
US09/859,068 1998-02-25 2001-05-16 Safety closure and container Expired - Lifetime US6378713B2 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US7593298P true 1998-02-25 1998-02-25
US13163198A true 1998-08-10 1998-08-10
US09/859,068 US6378713B2 (en) 1998-02-25 2001-05-16 Safety closure and container

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US09/859,068 US6378713B2 (en) 1998-02-25 2001-05-16 Safety closure and container

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US13163198A Continuation 1998-08-10 1998-08-10

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20010019033A1 true US20010019033A1 (en) 2001-09-06
US6378713B2 US6378713B2 (en) 2002-04-30

Family

ID=26757449

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US09/859,068 Expired - Lifetime US6378713B2 (en) 1998-02-25 2001-05-16 Safety closure and container

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (1) US6378713B2 (en)
GB (1) GB2334714B (en)

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US7021477B2 (en) 2003-03-03 2006-04-04 Owens-Illinois Prescription Products, Inc. Child-resistant closure and container package
US8757407B2 (en) 2003-10-13 2014-06-24 Rexam Prescription Products Inc. Closure and container package with child-resistant and non-child-resistant modes of operation
US20060213861A1 (en) * 2003-10-13 2006-09-28 Konefal Robert S Closure and container package with child-resistant and non-child-resistant modes of operation
US7185776B1 (en) 2004-02-16 2007-03-06 Owens-Illinois Prescription Products Inc. Closure and container package
US20050284837A1 (en) * 2004-06-18 2005-12-29 James Taber Composite closure with barrier end panel
US20080053949A1 (en) * 2004-06-23 2008-03-06 Farrar Peter A Packaging Article
US8245860B2 (en) * 2004-06-23 2012-08-21 Threadless Closures Limited Packaging article
WO2006002710A1 (en) * 2004-06-29 2006-01-12 Georg Menshen Gmbh & Co. Kg Closure for a container
US7434703B2 (en) 2004-09-27 2008-10-14 Rexam Prescription Products Inc. Child-resistant tamper-indicating package
ES2239923A1 (en) * 2005-06-01 2005-10-01 Seaplast S.A. Cork for bottle, has covers united to main body by flexible bridge, and stopper defining convex surfaces, where outer surface of mouth slides with tight contact during tilted movement of closing of covers on main body
US20060273060A1 (en) * 2005-06-06 2006-12-07 Mark Fricke Reversible vial closure
US8596477B2 (en) 2005-12-28 2013-12-03 Silgan White Cap LLC Retortable package with plastic closure cap
US20070278173A1 (en) * 2006-06-06 2007-12-06 Owens-Illinois Closure Inc. Child-resistant closure and container package
US7819265B2 (en) 2006-06-06 2010-10-26 Rexam Closure Systems Inc. Child-resistant closure and container package
JP2011005328A (en) * 2007-06-08 2011-01-13 Jms Co Ltd Male connector
US20100112163A1 (en) * 2007-07-11 2010-05-06 Kraft Marie B Tofu prepper
US8383182B2 (en) * 2007-07-11 2013-02-26 Marie B. Kraft Tofu prepper
US20090095700A1 (en) * 2007-10-07 2009-04-16 Craig Carroll Safety Cap and Container System
US8205762B2 (en) * 2007-10-07 2012-06-26 Craig Carroll Safety cap assembly and container system
US20130134123A1 (en) * 2010-07-14 2013-05-30 Anthony H.J. Fraser Closure For A Container
US8333288B2 (en) * 2011-01-10 2012-12-18 Sonoco Development, Inc. Child resistant container having cap and locking ring
US20120175336A1 (en) * 2011-01-10 2012-07-12 Sonoco Development, Inc. Child resistant container
GB2500354A (en) * 2011-02-04 2013-09-18 Lifetime Brands Inc Expanding sealing locking systems and methods
WO2012106666A1 (en) * 2011-02-04 2012-08-09 Lifetime Brands, Inc. Expanding sealing locking systems and methods
GB2500354B (en) * 2011-02-04 2016-05-18 Lifetime Brands Inc Expanding sealing locking systems and methods
US9422089B2 (en) 2011-02-04 2016-08-23 Lifetime Brands, Inc. Expanding sealing locking systems and methods
US20170137163A1 (en) * 2015-11-16 2017-05-18 Exal Corporation Resealable beverage container
US10160566B2 (en) * 2015-11-16 2018-12-25 Exal Corporation Resealable beverage container
US20170369210A1 (en) * 2016-06-23 2017-12-28 Albea Services Perforator cap, in particular for a flexible tube
USD843209S1 (en) 2016-11-07 2019-03-19 Cvs Pharmacy, Inc. Bottle cap

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB2334714B (en) 2002-07-03
GB2334714A (en) 1999-09-01
US6378713B2 (en) 2002-04-30
GB9904230D0 (en) 1999-04-21

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