US199814A - Improvement in stop-valves - Google Patents

Improvement in stop-valves Download PDF

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US199814A
US199814A US199814DA US199814A US 199814 A US199814 A US 199814A US 199814D A US199814D A US 199814DA US 199814 A US199814 A US 199814A
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valve
water
valves
pipe
stop
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K47/00Means in valves for absorbing fluid energy, e.g. cushioning of opening or closure movement, eliminating of vibrations of the valve member
    • F16K47/08Means in valves for absorbing fluid energy, e.g. cushioning of opening or closure movement, eliminating of vibrations of the valve member for decreasing pressure or noise level and having a throttling member separate from the closure member, e.g. screens, slots, labyrinths

Description

J. P. FI'PIELD'. Stop-Valve.
N-o.199,8|4. Patented Jan. 29, 1878.
N FEIERS, FHOTOLITHOGRAFHER, WASFHNGTON. D. C.
UNITEDYSTATES PATENT OFFICE.
JAMES F. FIFIELD, Oil-BROOKLYN, NEW YORK.
IMPROVEMENT IN STOP-VALVES.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 199,814, dated January 29, 1878; application filed v December 17,1877.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JAMES F. FIEIELD, of Brooklyn, Kings county, in the State of New York, have invented certain new and useful" Improvements Relating to Stop-Valves; and
I. do hereby declare that the-following is a full and exact description thereof. My improvement is intended moreparticularly for water-valves of large area applied at points where the pipe makes a short bend, so
that the valve can move axially and closetightly against a suitable seat, while on being suffi ciently withdrawn it will be moved out of the path of the water.
It has long been common to select such sitular recesses in which the water was agitated V and retarded. I so construct my valve and the adjacent parts that, while the closing of the valve brings together close-fitting surfaces in the most approved manner, the opening of the valve not only moves the body of the valve out of the path of the water, but presents a smoothly-rounded surface to the action of the water. When my valve is open the waterflows through a smoothly-curved passage with little or no more resistance than in a pipe curved to a corresponding radius.
I attain this end by extending the valve, in the form of a curved wedge, far beyond the ordinary tight-fitting face. I provide for preventing the valve from turning around in its seat.
The following is a description of what I con sider the best means of carrying out the invention.
The accompanying drawing forms a part of this specification.
Figure l is a horizontal section through the valve and the adjacent parts. Fig. 2 is a crosssection on the line S S in Fig. 1.
Referring to the drawing and the letters of reference thereon, A is a straight portion of the pipe, and A is a larger chamber formed therein, of .sufliciently-increased diameter to allow a proper bearing-surface by which the valve shallclosetightlyuponasmoothly-turned I seat, a. A is a smoothly-curved branch leading out one side from the chambered portion of the pipe A A.
ther lengths of pipe, as will be understood.
B is the main body of a valve, and B is an extension formed in one therewith, or, if preferred, made in a separate casting, and firmly boltedthereto. The part B is nearly a complete cylinder at one end, and is wed ge-formed,
presenting a smoothly-hollo Wed surface, M, on
the side toward the water,-. Its smooth surface receives the force of the water as it flows I past when the valve is open. The extension of the pipe A near the seat a. It stands in a longitudinal groove, b, formed in the cylindril cal surface of the extension B.
The valve B B is moved axially by means of its stem 12, operated by suitable mechanism. (Not represented.) As it is traversed in closing 'or opening, the groove b is guided on the pin or internal projection a, and firmly holds the valve against any rotatory or partially rotatory motion. The head A is fitted removably, and equipped with a stuffing-box,- as will be understood. The valve may be removed for repairs or other purpose, on removing the head A and withdrawing the pin or stop a. The spline or longitudinal groove b in the part B may, if preferred, be carried quite out at the thin end of the extension B, and in such case the guide a need not be removed to allow the removal and replacement of the valve.
My valve may be introduced in either position with regard to the motion of the water, and the water flowing in either direction will be guided smoothly and caused to describe a continuous curve instead of, as usual, abutting against the main body B, and regurgitating in the angular recesses thus formed. Thecurved face M will receive the force of the water and deflect it with about equal effect, whether it moves in the one direction or the other. I can so apply the valve, that in case of failure of the connections for operating it, the valve shall, by the action of the water, be held tightly closed or, if preferred in any case, I can introduce the parts in the reverse position The ends of the partA and A are flanged to allow of connections to furrelatively to the motion and pressure of the water, so that, in case of failure, the valve shall becaused to open by the motion of the water."
steam; but what I esteem its most important use is in controlling the flow through large pipes in the supply of towns and cities, where it is of great importance to conduct the water smoothly, and to maintain the pressure asfar as possible at a great distance from the central or starting points. Experiments indicate that my valve, by the reduced resistance of the water in passing it, will realize an increase of many inches, or even feet, in the height to which water will rise after passing it, as com-- pared with the height to which it will rise in passing a similar valve without my extension'B.
The part B or main body of the valve isv of larger diameter than the interior of the pipe A, while the wedge-like extension B is sufficiently small tomove easily within the pipe A. The annular bearing-surface of the partB, which matches on the seat a, is turned conical, and adapted to fit with all the tightness dueto the favorite construction known as a poppetvalve. In case of abrasion or other derangementthe surfaces of the valve and-seat can be renewed by ordinary tools. A packing may be formed bya ring of soft metal, wood, leather, or the like firmly attached to either the seat or the valve, if desired.
- For large valves I vpropose to employ two stems and two stuffing-boxes. This will form a further guaranty against the turning of the valve.
I claim as my invention- 1. The valve B, having the extension B with its smoothly-hollowed face M, in combination witha. pipe or fluid-passage A and angular arm or bend A adapted to form a smoothlycurvedpassage for the fluid, as herein specified.
2. The chamber A, larger than the pipe A, in combination with the branch or arm A and with the valve B, having a wedge-like exten- 5 sion,B, of smaller diameter, adapted to move in the part A, and allow the main body B to come to a tight bearing 011 the annular seat a, as herein specified.
3. The pipe A, smaller than the chamber A,
and provided with the projection a, in combination with the branch A and valve B, havin g the groove 1) and hollowed surface M, substantially-as described, and for the purpose set forth.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand this 13th day of December, 1877, in
the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
I JAS. ,F. FIFIELD.
Witnesses:
AUGUST D. E. FRANK, A. PFAFF,
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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2701581A (en) * 1951-04-13 1955-02-08 Bell & Gossett Co Flow control valve
US3283772A (en) * 1964-02-04 1966-11-08 Donald G Griswold Backflow prevention device with improved pressure sensing means
US3437311A (en) * 1967-05-01 1969-04-08 Case Co J I Valve for concrete pump
US5529283A (en) * 1995-02-02 1996-06-25 Industrial Cooling Towers, Inc. Variable flow directional valve for cooling towers
US20070045584A1 (en) * 2005-08-31 2007-03-01 Diamond Power International, Inc. Low loss poppet valve for a cleaning device and a method of delivering a cleaning fluid therewith
US20120228531A1 (en) * 2009-10-13 2012-09-13 Oseney Limited Exhaust valve
US20150122353A1 (en) * 2012-05-31 2015-05-07 Ishizaki Corporation Check valve and pumping system

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2701581A (en) * 1951-04-13 1955-02-08 Bell & Gossett Co Flow control valve
US3283772A (en) * 1964-02-04 1966-11-08 Donald G Griswold Backflow prevention device with improved pressure sensing means
US3437311A (en) * 1967-05-01 1969-04-08 Case Co J I Valve for concrete pump
US5529283A (en) * 1995-02-02 1996-06-25 Industrial Cooling Towers, Inc. Variable flow directional valve for cooling towers
US20070045584A1 (en) * 2005-08-31 2007-03-01 Diamond Power International, Inc. Low loss poppet valve for a cleaning device and a method of delivering a cleaning fluid therewith
US20120228531A1 (en) * 2009-10-13 2012-09-13 Oseney Limited Exhaust valve
US9279515B2 (en) * 2009-10-13 2016-03-08 Oseney Limited Exhaust valve
US20150122353A1 (en) * 2012-05-31 2015-05-07 Ishizaki Corporation Check valve and pumping system
EP2857726A4 (en) * 2012-05-31 2016-01-20 Ishizaki Corp Check valve and hot water system
US9816622B2 (en) * 2012-05-31 2017-11-14 Ishizaki Corporation Check valve and pumping system

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