US1981A - backus - Google Patents

backus Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1981A
US1981A US1981DA US1981A US 1981 A US1981 A US 1981A US 1981D A US1981D A US 1981DA US 1981 A US1981 A US 1981A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
stove
smoke
damper
radiators
pipe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1981A publication Critical patent/US1981A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS
    • F24B5/00Combustion-air or flue-gas circulation in or around stoves or ranges
    • F24B5/02Combustion-air or flue-gas circulation in or around stoves or ranges in or around stoves
    • F24B5/04Combustion-air or flue-gas circulation in or around stoves or ranges in or around stoves the air or gas passing downwards through the bottom of the stove of fire grate

Description

- 2 Sheets-Sheet 1. J. & E. BACKUS.

Heating Stove. No. 1,981. Patented Feb. 18,1841.

N X X E x 0M WFWK miirwssa,

I 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.

J. & E. BACKUS.

Heating Stove. I

No.1,981. Patented Feb. 18, 1841.

Ira/2705021 M nama. v MW f ifirw a t Nv PETERS Pwlo-Lmu D C.

a i a E AET FFICE.

JOHN BAOKUS AND EVENS BACKUS, OF NEW' -YORK, N. Y.

PARLOR-STOVE.

Specification of Letters Patent No. 1,981, dated February 18, 1841.

T all whom it may concern Be it known that we, JOHN BAOKUS and EVENS BACKUS, of the city, county, and State of New York, have invented a new, and useful Improvement in Stoves; and we hereby declare that the following is a full and accurate description thereof.

This invention is called Backuss combination stove.

The nature of this stove consists in a combination of the radiator and the hollow base, by which combination the smoke is made to descend through sides or ends of the stove into the hollow base, and to ascend thence through a draft pipe at the back of the stove; and while in this passage the smoke heats the air which is constantly passing through the radiators which are open at bottom and top to allow free way for the atmosphere of the room. I

To enable others to make and use our invention we proceed to describe its construction and operation, reference'being had to the drawing hereunto annexed and forming a part of this specification.

The stove is made of sheet iron or any other suitable material, and is built in the ordinary forms of cylinder stoves, being so constructed that the bottom of the stove rests permanently upon the top of a hollow base, (1). The sides or ends of the stoves are so extended beyond the cylinder or fire chamber, (2), as to admit of the introduction through them of radiators (3), which radiators are hollow tubes open only at the top and bottom for the admission below and escape above of the surrounding air, which becomes heated in its passage through them. Holes (11) are cut through the partitions separating the cylinder or fire chamber from the extended sides or ends of the stoves and just above the fire chamber, through which the smoke may be discharged so as to heat the air passing through the radiators. The main or smoke pipe (4) leading from the back of the stove to the chimney, contains a damper (6), which when closed stands vertical immediately in front of the upper or discharging orifice of the draft pipe (5), and this damper (6) is used to direct the course of the smoke. When this damper is closed the smoke passes through the holes (11), and when it is open the smoke passes directly through the main or smoke pipe into the chimney. The draft pipe (5) stands vertically behind the stove, and extends only from the top of the hollow base (1), to the bottom of the main or smoke pipe (4.). Another damper (7) is placed in the draft pipe just below its upper orifice, which damper is closed when number 6 is open and vice versa. The hollow base (1) contains partitions (13) by which the smoke, when thrown upon the raidators by closing damper 6 and opening damper 7, is turned nearly or quite to the front of the stove before it can make its escape through the draft pipe behind.

Opcmti0n.Fire being kindled in the cylinder or fire chamber (2), upon the hearth or grate (12), damper 7 is closed and damper 6 opened. This creates an immediate draft from the fire through the main or smoke pipe, and a rapid discharge of the smoke. When it is required to heat the radiators, damper 6 is closed and damper 7 opened. The smoke now passes through the holes (11) into the extended sides or ends of the stove that contains the radiators which it completely surrounds. It then descends into the hollow -basepasses around the partitions (l8)enters the draft pipe at its bottom-ascends through it to the main or smoke pipe (4), and thence escapes to the chimney. By this manner of conducting off the smoke, it heats the radiators and of course the air which passes through them continually from bottom to top, so that the atmosphere of a room in which one of these stoves is placed, is continually warmed by a constant discharge of heated air from the stove itself, and while this discharge continues there is less combustion of fuel going forward in consequence of the subdued and controlled draft downward and upward.

Dcscm'ptc'on of the (Zrm0ings.Figure A, is a front view and perspective drawing of the stove. Fig. B, is an end or side view of the same, and also in perspective. Fig. C, is a sectional representation of the hollow base with its partitions (13). Fig. D, represents the radiator. Fig. E, is a sectional drawing showing the positions of the hollow base, the fire chamber, radiators, the

course of the smoke when discharged upon the radiators, whlch course 18 indicated by the letters a, Z), 0, cl, as the stand.

N0. 1 is the hollow base of the stove.

No. 2 is the cylinder or fire chamber; 3, 3, the radiators passing through the body and base of the stove and open at both ends to admit the free passage of the surrounding air from the bottom to the top; the air be' ing heated in its passage through.

4 is the main or smoke pipe.

5 is the draft pipe leading from the top ofthe hollow base to the bottom of the main or Smoke pipe, and opening into both.

.6 is the damper in the main or smoke pipe, and placed directly in front of the upper orifice of the draft pipe.

7 is the damper in the draft pipe,i and is placed just below the upper orifice; 8, the

door of the stove where the fuel is put in; 9, a small draft door below the hearth or grate; 10, the ash pan below the fire chamber; 11, holes in the partitions between the fire chamber and the extended Sides or ends radiators and the base.

and passing through the hollow base and 2 draft pipe for the purpose of heating the The course is indicated beginning at a, and ending or passing 01f at (Z.

What we claim as our invention and desire to have secured to us by Letters Patent, is The combination of the hollow base and the radiators.

JOHN BACKUS. EVENS BAGKUS. Witnesses ISAAC Soorr, S. I. BURR.

US1981D backus Expired - Lifetime US1981A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1981A true US1981A (en) 1841-02-18

Family

ID=2062270

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US1981D Expired - Lifetime US1981A (en) backus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1981A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2575860A (en) * 1942-10-03 1951-11-20 Bergom Karl Bernhard Steam-generating stove for steam bathrooms
US20060266403A1 (en) * 2005-05-25 2006-11-30 Nathan Hiller Quick attaching thermoelectric device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2575860A (en) * 1942-10-03 1951-11-20 Bergom Karl Bernhard Steam-generating stove for steam bathrooms
US20060266403A1 (en) * 2005-05-25 2006-11-30 Nathan Hiller Quick attaching thermoelectric device

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US1001A (en) Open grate fobj burning coai
US2468A (en) Cooking-stove
US449692A (en) Fire-place heater
US601590A (en) Stove or furnace
US7608A (en) Improvement in blowers of franklin stoves
US516017A (en) Hot-air heating apparatus
US578240A (en) Fireplace
US567034A (en) Heating-stove
US1034799A (en) Device for fuel-saving stoves.
US574271A (en) Ventilating air-heater
US543742A (en) Heating-stove
US1972429A (en) Incinerator
US402323A (en) Hot-air furnace
US692164A (en) Heating and ventilating apparatus.
US525208A (en) Open fireplace-heater
US367640A (en) Stove
US924774A (en) Heating-furnace.
US806A (en) Construction of stoves and fibeplaces
US7239A (en) Parlor air-heating stove
US843103A (en) Heating-stove.
US633A (en) Cookin grxs
US3860A (en) F archibald ivieting
US39535A (en) Improvement in coal-stoves
US4338A (en) Cooking-stove
US74A (en) James williamson