US1971526A - Cartridge clip - Google Patents

Cartridge clip Download PDF

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Publication number
US1971526A
US1971526A US640409A US64040932A US1971526A US 1971526 A US1971526 A US 1971526A US 640409 A US640409 A US 640409A US 64040932 A US64040932 A US 64040932A US 1971526 A US1971526 A US 1971526A
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United States
Prior art keywords
cartridges
base
leaves
clip
cylinder
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Expired - Lifetime
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US640409A
Inventor
Herman H Kempf
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Herman H Kempf
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Priority to US640409A priority Critical patent/US1971526A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A9/00Feeding or loading of ammunition; Magazines; Guiding means for the extracting of cartridges
    • F41A9/82Reloading or unloading of magazines
    • F41A9/83Apparatus or tools for reloading magazines with unbelted ammunition, e.g. cartridge clips
    • F41A9/84Clips
    • F41A9/85Clips for reloading revolver-type magazines

Description

Aug, 28, 334.

H. H. KEMPF CARTRIDGE CLIP Filed Oct. 31, 1932 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR Aug. 28, 1934. H. H. KEMPF CARTRIDGE CLIP Filed Oct. 31, 1932 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR Patented Aug. 28, 1934 ED STATES CARTRIDGE CLIP .He'rman 'H. 'Kempf, New York, N. Y.

Application October 31,

12 Claims.

"JO er, three of the yokes are arranged in the arc of a circle on one leaf, and three in an are on the other leaf. When ready to use the clip for loading the pistol the leaves are spring held in A position to have the yokes arranged in-a circle or row corresponding to that of the chambers.

When the clip is to be carried, the leaves, in one form are folded upon each other and inserted in a sheath. In another form, when not-in use,

p the leaves are turned with respect to each other 26 so as to be in tandem, in which position they are inserted into a sheath.

It is an object of my invention to 'makethe -clip of solid and substantial construction, so that-even under rough handling the yokes remain arranged '25 in theirproper circle to match the-chambers. For

this reason the yokes are fixedly mounted on substantial plates or leaves and can "have no motion relatively to each other except that allowed by the hinging of one leaf upon the other. Cheapness of production for the clip'is possible,'because the plates readily lend themselves to be made by the die-casting process. The yokes are readily stamped out fromsheet metal.

Otherobjects and advantages will become ap- 3'5 parent upon further study of the description and drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 is a plan viewof one type of my clipin normally extended position. This type has the pivotal axis of the leaves parallel to the bottom of the leaves or perpendicular to the'longitudinal axes of cartridges as mounted upon the leaves. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the clip shown in Fig. 1. Y

Fig. 3 is a side elevation of the clip in folded position with cartridges shown in the yo-kes.

Fig. 4 is a partial section taken along the line 4-4 of Fig. 1. a

Fig. 5 is a partialsection taken along the line 5-5 of Fig. 1, omitting the yoke and its lug in front of the one shown. Y

Fig. '6 is a perspectivefview'df-arevolver-with the cylinder brokenopenand a clip of the type of Fig. 1, loaded with cartridges which are partly inserted -'in the cylinder.

Fig, "7 is a plan view of another type-of-my'clip 1932, Serial No. 640,409

with the leaves separated. This type has thepiV- otal axis of the leaves perpendicular to the'bottom of the leaves, or parallel to the longitudinal axes of cartridges as 'mountedupon the leaves.

Fig. '8is a partial end elevation, to an enlarged 6o scale, .taken -along the line 8-8 of Fig. '7. V

The .clip of the type of Figs. 1 to '6 inclusive, comprises leaves 9 and 10. Said leaves are hing- 'edly fastened to each other 'by'mea'ns of pivot pin 11 and hinge sockets 12. IA coil spring 13 normally holds leaves 9 and 10 in extendedpos'ition asshown in Figs. '1 vand2. When it .is desired to carry the .clip in. a sheath, not shown, leaves 9 and 10 are turned back to back, against thepressure of spring 13,.into'the position shown in Fig.3. The cartridges are held upon the leaves by meansofspring U "shaped yokes 14,.1'5'and'16, there'being three 'suchyo'kes mounted upon each leaf. The inside diameter of the yoke is substantially equal to the outside diameter of the cartridge shell of the particular calibre to be used. Each yoke is mounted upon a lug extending above "the main surface 17 of leaves '9 and '10 (Fig.2). Yokes l4'are'moun'ted uponlugsIB. Yokes 15 'are'mounted onflugs 19 which extend'to a greater height than lugs 18, ahdydk'es 16 are mounted 'on lugs 20 which extend .to a -still -greater height than lugs 19 Lugs 18, 19 :and 20 in effectfform 'aseries o'fterraces or olfsets above main'sur'face 17, extending from the flowest'terrace, formed 'by lugs 18, to the highest terrace, formed by lugs 20. Each yoke 'is supported by and is integral with a base 21 through a stand= ard 22. The base 21 of each yoke isffas'tened to its corresponding lug by a screw 23. A V shaped depression 24 is formed on the opposite sideof base 21 from standard 22, said depression fitting into a corresponding depression formed in lugs 18,19, and '20. The purpose of 'depression 24 and its corresponding depression ineach 'of said lugs, is to ensure theproper alignment of yokes 1'4, 1'5 and 16, and preventing said yokes from rotating on the leaves. Base 21 is cupped its center, a corresponding cup 'b'eing'formed in each-of the lugs; The cupping of saidyoke base, permits the head of screw 22 to remain on a level or below the top-surface "of base 2l,that

is it is countersunk in the yokebase.

The legs of the yoke "are continued past the semi-circle, "so that the distance across the 'opening of the yoke "through which the cartridge is inserted, is less than 'the outside diameter 'of the cartridge shell of the particular calibrefor which the clip is "to be used. "I he legs spring apart. "as the cartridge is inserted, closing around on 'it when completely inserted, thereby maintaining it in place. The grip is still further helped in that the legs have a downward depression 28, Fig. 3, formed in them toward their front ends, the normal distance from the bottom of depression 28 to the top of a base such as at 21, being less than the thickness of the usual flange 29 formed on the bottom of the cartridge.

A ring shaped handle 25 is formed integral with leaf 9. 7

In operation, the cartridges 27 are inserted into the yokes from the front of the clip, a pair of cartridges being inserted into yokes 16 on the highest of the lugs, lugs 20. Next cartridges are inserted into yokes 15 and finally into yokes .14 on the lowest of the lugs 18.

The clips, with cartridges inserted, are carried by folding leaves 9 and 10 upon each other, Fig. 3, and while in this folded position, inserting the leaves with their cartridges into a suitably formed sheath, not shown, carried by the pistol user.

When it is desired to load the pistol, the clip is pulled from its sheath, whereupon leaves 9 and 10 fly into theopen position of Fig. 1, under the influence of spring 13. With the cylinder 30, Fig. 6, of the pistol broken open, the cartridges are inserted by grasping handle 25 of the clip and pressing them into the six chambers usually provided. Once the cartridges have been inserted, the clip is pulled on, so as to move as a whole at right angles tothe longitudinal axis of cylinder 30. This slides all the yokes off the cartridges, the offsetting .of lugs 18, '19, and 20, permitting yokes 14 to pass by the'ends of the cartridges deposited in thebarrel by yokes 15, and permitting yokes 14 and 15 to pass by the cartridges deposited in the cylinder by yokes 16. It is to be noted that there is no rotation of cylinder 30 during the removal of the cartridges.

The modified form of my clip shown in Figs. 7 and 8 is similar to the one just described, except that the pivoting of the leaves to each other is different. In the modified form,'leaf 9 is pivoted to leaf 10 by'means of a pivot pin 31, Whose longitudinal axis is perpendicular to the bottom of said leaves. ,Spring 32, mounted upon pin 31, normallyikeeps the leaves in closed position, that is with edge 33 of leaf 10, pressing against edge 34 of leaf 9. The open position of the leaves shown in Fig. 7 is maintained only against the pressure of spring 32. The clip is inserted ina sheath, not shown, when they are in the latter position. r

I.claim:--

1. A clip for holding cartridges for charging the chambers of the cylinder of a revolver, comprising a base, and a plurality of means mounted in a circular row upon said base for removably holding a plurality of cartridges in a circular row upon saidbase, said means remaining substantially infixed relation to each other as the cartridges are withdrawn in charging the cylinder, the mean diameter of said row corresponding to the mean diameter of the row of chambers of said cylinder, the cartridges, when held in the holding means, being removed from said means by moving the base away from the cylinder in a direction substantially at right angles to the longitudinal axis of the cylinder after the ends of the cartridges are inserted in the chambers, said holding means being arranged upon said base at different elevations. v

2. A clip for holding cartridges for charging all the chambers of the cylinder of a revolver, comprising a base, and means mounted upon said base for removably holding said cartridges in a plurality of groups with the longitudinal axes of the cartridges substantially at right angles to the base each succeeding group beyond the first being held at a higher elevation on the base than the first, and successively higher than each other.

3. A clip for holding cartridges for charging all the chambers of the cylinder of a revolver, comprising a base, and means mounted upon said base for removably holding the requisite number of cartridges in a row upon said base, said row corresponding to the row of chambers in the cylinder, the cartridges, after insertion into the chambers being removed from the holding means by moving the base as a whole in a direction substantially at right angles to the axis of rotation'of the cylinder, said base acting through the cartridges preventing rotation of the cylinder during the removal of the cartridges.

4. A clip for holding cartridges for simultaneously charging the chambers of the cylinder of a revolver, comprisinga base, and a plurality of means mounted upon said base for removably holding the requisite number of cartridges in a row, the cartridges, after insertion into the chambers, being removed from the holding means by moving the base in a direction substantially at right angles to the axis of rotation of the cylinder, said holdingv means holding the cartridges with their bases at different elevations each succeeding cartridge being held higher than the preceding one, the increase in height being in a direction opposite to that of said moving direction. 5. A clip for holding cartridges for charging the chambers of the cylinder of a revolver, comprising a base and a plurality of substantially U shaped spring yokes, mounted upon said base, for removably holding a plurality of cartridges in a row, the legs of each yoke being simultaneously parallel to the corresponding legs of the others as the cartridges are withdrawn in the charging of the cylinder, said legs being located so as to comeabove the bottom flange of a cartridge inserted in a yoke, and formed to spring press the flange toward saidbase, the cartridges after insertion into the chambers, having their flanges slid out from under said legs by moving the base in a direction substantially at right angles to the axisof rotation of the cylinder.

6. A clip for holding cartridges for charging the chambers of the cylinder of a revolver, comprising a base and a plurality of substantially U shaped spring yokes mounted upon said base, for removably holding a plurality of cartridges in a row, the legs of each yoke pointing simultaneously in substantially the same direction as those of the others during the charging of the cylinder, said cartridges, after insertion into the chambers being removed from the yokes by moving the base in a direction substantially at right angles to the longitudinal axis of the cylinder, said yokes being set at different elevations on the base, succeeding yokes being higher than'those in front; 7

'7. A 'clip for holding cartridges for charging the chambers of a revolver cylinder, comprising a pair of leaves, a spring hinge for hingedly fastening the leaves together and means mounted upon said leaves for removably holding a plurality of cartridges, some of said means being mounted on oneleaf and the rest upon the other, said spring means normally holding the leaves in relative position to set said holding means in a row corresponding to the row of the chambers inthe cylinder, said cartridges when held by said means, being removed from said means, by moving said leaves at right angles to the longitudinal axis of the cylinder after the ends of the cartridges are inserted into the chambers, said holding means being set at difierent elevations above the leaves, succeeding means being higher than those in front.

8. A clip for holding cartridges as claimed in claim '7, in which the pivotal axis of the hinge is substantially perpendicular to the longitudinal axes of cartridges set in the holding means.

9. A clip for holding cartridges as claimed in claim 8 in which the pivotal axis of the hinge is substantially parallel to the longitudinal axes of cartridges set in the holding means.

10. In a clip for holding cartridges, comprising a base upon which the cartridges are mounted with their longitudinal axes substantially perpendicular to the base, a spring yoke for removably holding the cartridges, a base for said yoke, a standard for supporting the yoke upon the yoke base, and means for fastening the yoke base to the clip base, said means being formed with a head and a shank, the latter passing through the yoke base, said yoke base being downwardly cupped for countersinking said head in the yoke base.

11. In a clip for holding cartridges, comprising a base upon which the cartridges are mounted with their longitudinal axes substantially perpendicular to the base, a spring yoke for removably holding the cartridges, a base for said yoke, a standard for supporting the yoke on the yoke base, and means engaging the yoke base, for fastening the yoke base to the clip base, said yoke base having a depressed portion to one side of the place of engagement of the fastening means, for preventing rotation of the yoke upon the clip base.

12. A clip for holding cartridges for loading into the chambers of a revolver cylinder comprising a pair of leaves, a spring hinge for hingedly mounting the leaves upon each other, and means, mounted in the arc of a circle on each leaf, for removably holding a plurality of cartridges, said means releasing the cartridges from one side, the spring hinge normally holding said leaves in position to line up said arcs to form a complete circle corresponding to the circle formed by said chambers, with said means having their releasing side all facing the same direction, said direction being perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the revolver cylinder, when the leaves are in position to insert the cartridges into said chambers, said leaves, when charged with cartridges, adapted to be inserted into a sheath by being turned from said normal position. against the action of the spring hinge.

HERMAN H. KEMPF.

CERTIFICATE OF GORRECTEON.

Patent No. 1,971,526. August 28. 934.

HERMAN H. KEMPF.

it is hereby certified that error appears in the printed specification of the above numbered patent requiring correction as follows: Page 3, line 13, claim 9, for "8" read 7; and that the said Letters Patent shtmld be read With this correction therein that the same may conform to the record of the case in the Patent Office.

Signed and sealed this 25th day of June, A. D. 1935.

Bryan M. Bettey (Seat) Acting Commissioner of Patents.

CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION.

Patent No. 1,971,526. August 28. 1934.

HERMAN H. KEMPF.

It is hereby certified that error appears in the printed specification of the above numbered patent requiring correction as follows: Page 3, line 13, claim 9, for "3" read 7; and that the said Letters Patent should be read with this correction therein that the same may conform to the record of the case in the Patent Office.

Signed and sealed this 25th day of June, A. D. 1935.

Bryan M. Battey (Seal) Acting Commissioner of Patents.

US640409A 1932-10-31 1932-10-31 Cartridge clip Expired - Lifetime US1971526A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3057103A (en) * 1960-12-09 1962-10-09 Norman A Bivens Revolver loader
US3131500A (en) * 1961-03-21 1964-05-05 United Eastern Corp Cartridge loader for revolvers and carrying case therefor
US3203130A (en) * 1964-05-01 1965-08-31 Gabriel Alfonso Y Diaz Revolver cartridge clip with a series of irregular steps on one face
US3667146A (en) * 1969-05-21 1972-06-06 Jean Dupouy Device for rapidly loading a removable cylinder
US3824729A (en) * 1973-06-28 1974-07-23 P Kubik Revolver loader
US4254571A (en) * 1978-11-29 1981-03-10 Kurt Peter Cartridge load for a revolver
US4507889A (en) * 1981-05-11 1985-04-02 Allen Dillis V Speed loader
US6219953B1 (en) * 1994-12-05 2001-04-24 Robert Bentley Clip loading tool

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3057103A (en) * 1960-12-09 1962-10-09 Norman A Bivens Revolver loader
US3131500A (en) * 1961-03-21 1964-05-05 United Eastern Corp Cartridge loader for revolvers and carrying case therefor
US3203130A (en) * 1964-05-01 1965-08-31 Gabriel Alfonso Y Diaz Revolver cartridge clip with a series of irregular steps on one face
US3667146A (en) * 1969-05-21 1972-06-06 Jean Dupouy Device for rapidly loading a removable cylinder
US3824729A (en) * 1973-06-28 1974-07-23 P Kubik Revolver loader
US4254571A (en) * 1978-11-29 1981-03-10 Kurt Peter Cartridge load for a revolver
US4507889A (en) * 1981-05-11 1985-04-02 Allen Dillis V Speed loader
US6219953B1 (en) * 1994-12-05 2001-04-24 Robert Bentley Clip loading tool

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