US1961119A - Invalid hoist and carrier - Google Patents

Invalid hoist and carrier Download PDF

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Publication number
US1961119A
US1961119A US566505A US56650531A US1961119A US 1961119 A US1961119 A US 1961119A US 566505 A US566505 A US 566505A US 56650531 A US56650531 A US 56650531A US 1961119 A US1961119 A US 1961119A
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United States
Prior art keywords
members
carrier
hoist
opposite
arms
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US566505A
Inventor
Joe J Ettinger
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
D W Zimmerman Manufacturing Inc
Original Assignee
D W Zimmerman Manufacturing Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by D W Zimmerman Manufacturing Inc filed Critical D W Zimmerman Manufacturing Inc
Priority to US566505A priority Critical patent/US1961119A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1961119A publication Critical patent/US1961119A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1013Lifting of patients by
    • A61G7/1015Cables, chains or cords
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1049Attachment, suspending or supporting means for patients
    • A61G7/1055Suspended platforms, frames or sheets for patient in lying position
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1049Attachment, suspending or supporting means for patients
    • A61G7/1061Yokes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1063Safety means
    • A61G7/1067Safety means for adjustable bases
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/006Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs convertible to stretchers or beds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/104Devices carried or supported by
    • A61G7/1046Mobile bases, e.g. having wheels

Description

M 1934- J. J. ETTINGER INVALID HOIST AND CARRIER Filed Oct. 2, 1931 3 Sheets$heet l Joe winger a b m INVENTOR 5 6% 2w 2% ATTORNEY May 29, 1934. J. J. ETTINGER 1,951,119
' INVALID HOIST AND CARRIER Filed Oct. 2, 1931 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR few-M 201. J.
ATTU RNEY y- 4- J. J. ETTINGER 61,119
INVALIID HOIST AND CARRIER Filed Oct. 2, 1931 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 Joe i i [finge Ill YEN UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE INVALID HOIST AND CARRIER Joe J. Ettinger, Warsaw, 11111., assigncr to Zimmer Manufacturing Company, Warsaw, Ind., a
corporation Application October 2, 1931, Serial No. 566,505
3 Claims.
The invention relates to hoists and carriers or supports for handling helpless invalids.
It is frequently a difficult task to handle a helpless invalid, such as to remove him from a bed or operating or X-ray table or to place him thereon. This is especially true where the patient is a large person or one having considerable weight.
The object of my present invention is to provide novel means by which an invalid may be readily raised from or lowered to any object adapted to support him and by which he may be supported for transportation to any desired point.
Another object is to provide a novel portable hoist with novel means for supporting an invalid while he is suspended by the hoist. Other objects and advantages will appear hereinafter.
The invention consists in the novel form, combinations and arrangements of parts hereinafter described and illustrated in the. accompanying drawings, in which drawings Figure 1 is a side elevational view of the hoist; Fig. 2 a rear end elevational view of the hoist; Fig. 3 a cross-section on line 33 of Fig. 1; Fig. 4 a cross-section on line 44 of Fig. 2; Fig. 5 a cross-section on line 5-5 of Fig. 4; Fig. 6 a plan view of the supporting frame; Fig. '7 a perspective view of the hoist supporting the convertible cot and Fig. 8 a perspective View of the hoist supporting the cot as converted into a chair suspended over a carrier or wheeled frame.
Referring to the illustrative embodiment of the invention the hoist comprises a base member 1, to the opposite ends of which are pivoted at 2 two horizontal members or arms 3 having the casters 4 mounted at their opposite ends. A rock shaft 5 is verticaly mounted on the base member 1 and a sleeve 6 is secured to the shaft from which project two levers 7, 8 at selected angles. The links 9, 10 are pivoted to the levers and to the rear ends of the base arms 3. A lever 11 is secured at its central point to the shaft 5 and carries the foot engaging members 12 at its opposite ends. The levers 7, 8 and the links 9. 10 are so arranged that when the left end of the lever 11 is moved forwardly the shaft 5 is rocked to cause the links 9,10 to draw the rear ends of the base arms 3 toward each other and to cause the forwardends of said arms to swing laterally outward as shown in broken lines in Fig. 3. The links and the levers 7, 8 also limit the movement of the base arms. When the arms are swung outwardly the space between the outer ends of the longer portions thereof is materially widened so that a relatively wide base is presented on one side of the base member 1 upon which the device is supported when operated as a hoist or in transporting a patient. When the arms 3 are parallel the device may be moved through a door opening or passageway and this parallel relation of the arms is accomplished by moving the lever 11 in a direction opposite to that previously described.
A standard or mast is mounted on the base and is preferably formed of a pipe or tube 13 fixed at its lower end in the base and its upper end is fixed in a housing 14 in which a drum 15 is mounted. A shaft 16 supports the drum in the housing and its opposite ends project from the housing to form handles by which to facilitate the movement of the hoist from place to place. A worm gear 17 secured to the shaft 16 meshes with a worm 18, the shaft 45 of which worm projects through the housing and is connected to a crank 19. A second portion of the standard or mast is formed by a pipe or tube 20 the lower end of which is secured to the housing and communicates with the interior thereof. The upper portion of the pipe or tube 20 is preferably curved upwardly and forwardly so that its upper end overhangs the space between the longer portions of the arms 3, the overhang being suflicient to provide ample space forwardly of the vertical portion of the standard or mast to accommodate the carrier hereafter described.
A draft member 21, such as a chain or other suitable member, is connected to the drum l5 and extends through the pipe or tube 20, the member being passed over suitable idler pulleys 22 disposed in the pipe or tube 20. A swivel hook 23 is secured to the free end of the chain or other 90 draft member 21 and a brace 24 is secured to the pipe or tube 20 and to the base 25 of the hook 23 to prevent rotation or twisting of the draft member.
A frame 26 is adapted to be engaged on the hook 23. This frame is of novel construction in that it is self balancing on the hook 23. As shown in Figs. 1 and 6, the frame 26 is formed of an upwardly inclined V-shaped member 27 having its lower ends connected to or merged into converging side members 28 which form an acute angle with the cross member 2'7, and the side members 28 are connected to or merge into the converging members 29 which extend upwardly to and are secured to the cross member 27, the convergence of the members 29 being in a direction opposite to that of the side members 28. At the corners between the cross member 27 and the side members 28 are pivoted the bars 30, the pivotal points being midway the length of the bars and said bars being somewhat V-shaped. The chains 31 are attached to the opposite ends or the bars 3 and other chains 32 are attached to the members 28 or 29 at suitable points, as at the angles between the members 28 and the members 29. These chains are attachable to the carrier or cot 33 or other device adapted to support an invalid,
The carrier 33 is an advantageous support for an invalid. It comprises a preferably rectangular marginal frame formed in three hinged sections; that is: each side rail of the cot is formed in three sections 34, 35, 36, the intermediate member 35 being hinged to each of the other two members. The rail members 34 and 36 are connected by the end members 37 respectively. Suitable cross members 38 are suitably attached to the opposite side rail members, and such may be belts or straps. If desirable one end of each cross member may be detachable to facilitate passing the said members under the patient when it is desired to place him on the carrier.
The end sections of the carrier are braced at each side by the angular side bars 39, 40, the bar 39 being secured at a suitable point to the rail member 34 and the bar 40 being secured at a suitable point to the rail member 36. The opposed ends of the bars 39, 40 are pivoted to gether. A longitudinally slotted bar 41 is pivoted to the member 36 and the slot 42 therein receives a bolt 43 in the side member 34 upon which bolt a suitable nut 44 is engaged to lock the bar to the member 34 in any longitudinally adjusted position of the bar thereon.
Since the three sections of the carrier are hinged together they may be adjusted to form a chair, the intermediate section 46 forming the seat, the head section 47 forming the back and the remaining section 48 forming the leg supporting part of the chair. A foot rest 49 may be attached to the lower end of the section 48.
The chair form of the carrier may be supported on the wheeled support 50 which is preferably formed so that the base arms 3, or at least one of the arms, may pass under it in order to properly position the chair with the patient therein on the support. When the chair is placed on the wheeled support the chains 31, 32 are disconnected from the chair.
What I claim is:
1. A device of the class described comprising a frame formed of two side members, an upwardly arched cross-member connecting corresponding ends of the side member, the opposite ends of the side members being bent to engage with the crossmember and a patient carrier-suspending member on the side members and including rocking members mounted on said side members.
2. A device of the class described comprising a frame formed with two side members, an upwardly arched cross member connecting corresponding ends of the side members and rearwardly inclined relatively to said ends, the opposite ends of said side members being extended forwardly, inwardly and upwardly and engaged with the cross member and patient carrier-suspending members on the frame.
3. A device of the class described comprising a frame formed with two opposite side members, a V-shaped cross-member connecting corresponding ends of the side members, the angle of the cross-member being above the plane of the side members and rearwardly of said corresponding ends, the opposite ends of the side members being extended inwardly and upwardly and secured to the cross-member and patient carrier suspending members on the frame, some of which are connected to rock bars pivoted to the side members.
JOE J. E'I'I'INGER.
US566505A 1931-10-02 1931-10-02 Invalid hoist and carrier Expired - Lifetime US1961119A (en)

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Cited By (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2550150A (en) * 1949-11-28 1951-04-24 Hartley Nelson Garment hanger stand
US2585982A (en) * 1948-08-06 1952-02-19 Robert L Wood Bed crane for invalids
US2625202A (en) * 1949-06-15 1953-01-13 Richardson Lawrence Walker for invalids
US2666212A (en) * 1951-01-06 1954-01-19 Roy A Flanders Mobile elevator for invalids
US2891256A (en) * 1954-05-19 1959-06-23 Scully Vincent Apparatus for lifting and transporting patients
US2991485A (en) * 1956-08-27 1961-07-11 Frederick J Schulte Invalid's apparatus
US3123229A (en) * 1964-03-03 Kleiman
US3270574A (en) * 1965-05-10 1966-09-06 Teeter Adjustable base unit for invalid lifts
US3277502A (en) * 1963-10-02 1966-10-11 Raymond Gruyelle Invalid lift and transfer apparatus
US3711877A (en) * 1971-03-04 1973-01-23 D Averill Invalid lift aid
US4029347A (en) * 1976-10-08 1977-06-14 Gilbert Garcia Support stand assembly
US4050587A (en) * 1976-08-16 1977-09-27 Moen George A Hoist and dolly apparatus
FR2591886A1 (en) * 1985-12-21 1987-06-26 James Ind Ltd LIFTING MACHINE FOR INVALID
WO1994024979A1 (en) * 1993-04-23 1994-11-10 Huntleigh Technology Plc Improvements relating to patient hoists
US5396670A (en) * 1993-10-08 1995-03-14 Guardian Products, Inc. Sling for a patient lifter
DE19802894A1 (en) * 1998-01-21 1999-07-29 Mannesmann Ag Transport device for people, especially seated or lying disabled people
US5946748A (en) * 1998-02-17 1999-09-07 Wang; Yi-Lung Multipurpose body-turn-over apparatus
US6047418A (en) * 1995-11-04 2000-04-11 Arjo Limited Invalid lifting device
US6321398B1 (en) * 1999-06-30 2001-11-27 Yi-Lung Wang Multipurpose body-turn-over apparatus
EP1270493A1 (en) * 2001-06-18 2003-01-02 Unique Concepts Ltd. Hoist with curved frame members
US20060213007A1 (en) * 2005-03-14 2006-09-28 Frederic Palay Patient transfer system with associated frames and lift carts
US20080239638A1 (en) * 2007-03-26 2008-10-02 The Bank Of Tokyo-Mitsubishi Ufj, Ltd. Display device stand
US20090158523A1 (en) * 2007-12-12 2009-06-25 Ergo-Asyst Technology Llc Mobile Cantilever Transfer Device
US20090249544A1 (en) * 2008-04-04 2009-10-08 Ergo-Asyst Technology Llc Multi-functional patient transfer device
US20110016628A1 (en) * 2009-07-21 2011-01-27 Masterson Jr Russell P Portable apparatus for moving subjects
WO2012112771A2 (en) 2011-02-17 2012-08-23 Woodlark Circle, Inc. Inflatable sling and method for positioning a patient
US20120304383A1 (en) * 2010-09-29 2012-12-06 Berchtold Holding Gmbh Operating table
US20140182059A1 (en) * 2011-04-04 2014-07-03 Arjo Hospital Equipment Hoist apparatus
US20150001006A1 (en) * 2013-06-27 2015-01-01 SmithGroupJJR, Inc. Suspended scaffold cable diverter system
USD749226S1 (en) * 2014-11-06 2016-02-09 Gorbel, Inc. Medical rehab lift actuator
US9510991B2 (en) 2013-01-22 2016-12-06 Gorbel, Inc. Medical rehab lift system and method with horizontal and vertical force sensing and motion control
US10398618B2 (en) 2015-06-19 2019-09-03 Gorbel, Inc. Body harness
US10478371B2 (en) 2013-01-22 2019-11-19 Gorbel, Inc. Medical rehab body weight support system and method with horizontal and vertical force sensing and motion control
US10864126B2 (en) * 2017-07-11 2020-12-15 Liko Research & Development Ab Patient handling devices

Cited By (45)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3123229A (en) * 1964-03-03 Kleiman
US2585982A (en) * 1948-08-06 1952-02-19 Robert L Wood Bed crane for invalids
US2625202A (en) * 1949-06-15 1953-01-13 Richardson Lawrence Walker for invalids
US2550150A (en) * 1949-11-28 1951-04-24 Hartley Nelson Garment hanger stand
US2666212A (en) * 1951-01-06 1954-01-19 Roy A Flanders Mobile elevator for invalids
US2891256A (en) * 1954-05-19 1959-06-23 Scully Vincent Apparatus for lifting and transporting patients
US2991485A (en) * 1956-08-27 1961-07-11 Frederick J Schulte Invalid's apparatus
US3277502A (en) * 1963-10-02 1966-10-11 Raymond Gruyelle Invalid lift and transfer apparatus
US3270574A (en) * 1965-05-10 1966-09-06 Teeter Adjustable base unit for invalid lifts
US3711877A (en) * 1971-03-04 1973-01-23 D Averill Invalid lift aid
US4050587A (en) * 1976-08-16 1977-09-27 Moen George A Hoist and dolly apparatus
US4029347A (en) * 1976-10-08 1977-06-14 Gilbert Garcia Support stand assembly
FR2591886A1 (en) * 1985-12-21 1987-06-26 James Ind Ltd LIFTING MACHINE FOR INVALID
WO1994024979A1 (en) * 1993-04-23 1994-11-10 Huntleigh Technology Plc Improvements relating to patient hoists
US5396670A (en) * 1993-10-08 1995-03-14 Guardian Products, Inc. Sling for a patient lifter
US5530975A (en) * 1993-10-08 1996-07-02 Guardian Products, Inc. Method of lifting a patient with a sling
US6047418A (en) * 1995-11-04 2000-04-11 Arjo Limited Invalid lifting device
DE19802894A1 (en) * 1998-01-21 1999-07-29 Mannesmann Ag Transport device for people, especially seated or lying disabled people
DE19802894C2 (en) * 1998-01-21 2000-09-21 Mannesmann Ag Transport device for people, in particular seated or lying disabled people
US6174010B1 (en) 1998-01-21 2001-01-16 Mannesmann Ag Suspension system for attaching a load-bearing member to a lifting mechanism of a hoisting apparatus for a person
US5946748A (en) * 1998-02-17 1999-09-07 Wang; Yi-Lung Multipurpose body-turn-over apparatus
US6321398B1 (en) * 1999-06-30 2001-11-27 Yi-Lung Wang Multipurpose body-turn-over apparatus
EP1270493A1 (en) * 2001-06-18 2003-01-02 Unique Concepts Ltd. Hoist with curved frame members
US7578012B2 (en) * 2005-03-14 2009-08-25 Ergo-Asyst Technology Llc Patient transfer system with associated frames and lift carts
US20060213007A1 (en) * 2005-03-14 2006-09-28 Frederic Palay Patient transfer system with associated frames and lift carts
US20080239638A1 (en) * 2007-03-26 2008-10-02 The Bank Of Tokyo-Mitsubishi Ufj, Ltd. Display device stand
US20090158523A1 (en) * 2007-12-12 2009-06-25 Ergo-Asyst Technology Llc Mobile Cantilever Transfer Device
US8316480B2 (en) 2007-12-12 2012-11-27 Technimotion, Llc Mobile cantilever transfer device
US20090249544A1 (en) * 2008-04-04 2009-10-08 Ergo-Asyst Technology Llc Multi-functional patient transfer device
US8336133B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2012-12-25 Technimotion, Llc Multi-functional patient transfer device
US20110016628A1 (en) * 2009-07-21 2011-01-27 Masterson Jr Russell P Portable apparatus for moving subjects
US8935815B2 (en) * 2010-09-29 2015-01-20 Berchtold Holding Gmbh Operating table
US20120304383A1 (en) * 2010-09-29 2012-12-06 Berchtold Holding Gmbh Operating table
WO2012112771A2 (en) 2011-02-17 2012-08-23 Woodlark Circle, Inc. Inflatable sling and method for positioning a patient
US8566977B2 (en) 2011-02-17 2013-10-29 Woodlark Circle, Inc. Inflatable sling and method for positioning a patient
US10172756B2 (en) * 2011-04-04 2019-01-08 Arjo Ip Holding Ab Hoist apparatus
US20140182059A1 (en) * 2011-04-04 2014-07-03 Arjo Hospital Equipment Hoist apparatus
US10470964B2 (en) 2013-01-22 2019-11-12 Gorbel, Inc. Medical rehab lift system and method with horizontal and vertical force sensing and motion control
US10478371B2 (en) 2013-01-22 2019-11-19 Gorbel, Inc. Medical rehab body weight support system and method with horizontal and vertical force sensing and motion control
US9510991B2 (en) 2013-01-22 2016-12-06 Gorbel, Inc. Medical rehab lift system and method with horizontal and vertical force sensing and motion control
US10125503B2 (en) * 2013-06-27 2018-11-13 SmithGroupJJR, Inc. Suspended scaffold cable diverter system
US20150001006A1 (en) * 2013-06-27 2015-01-01 SmithGroupJJR, Inc. Suspended scaffold cable diverter system
USD749226S1 (en) * 2014-11-06 2016-02-09 Gorbel, Inc. Medical rehab lift actuator
US10398618B2 (en) 2015-06-19 2019-09-03 Gorbel, Inc. Body harness
US10864126B2 (en) * 2017-07-11 2020-12-15 Liko Research & Development Ab Patient handling devices

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