US1956046A - Road form for road widening - Google Patents

Road form for road widening Download PDF

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US1956046A
US1956046A US581282A US58128231A US1956046A US 1956046 A US1956046 A US 1956046A US 581282 A US581282 A US 581282A US 58128231 A US58128231 A US 58128231A US 1956046 A US1956046 A US 1956046A
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road
form
concrete
channel
clamping
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US581282A
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Edward A Robertson
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Edward A Robertson
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C19/00Machines, tools or auxiliary devices for preparing or distributing paving materials, for working the placed materials, or for forming, consolidating, or finishing the paving
    • E01C19/50Removable forms or shutterings for road-building purposes; Devices or arrangements for forming individual paving elements, e.g. kerbs, in situ
    • E01C19/502Removable forms or shutterings, e.g. side forms; Removable supporting or anchoring means therefor, e.g. stakes
    • E01C19/504Removable forms or shutterings, e.g. side forms; Removable supporting or anchoring means therefor, e.g. stakes adapted to, or provided with, means to maintain reinforcing or load transfer elements in a required position

Description

A ril 24, 19-34. E. A. ROBERTSON ROAD FORM FOR ROAD WIDENING Filed Dec. 16, 1931 Patented A r. 24, 1934 v 1,956,046

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ,1

ROAD FORM FOR ROAD WIDENING Edward A. Robertson, La Grange, 111. Application December 16, 1931 SerialNo. 581,282

12 Claims. (01. -118) In the construction of concrete roads and the old sections of the road to obviate vertical shiftlike provision must often be made to provide for ing of the different sections of the road with future widening of the road with the additional respect to one another. strip or section of the road adapted to be formed It is furthermore an object of this invention 6 with a bead or rib positioned to permit the same to provide a road form with a removable clampto project into a previously formed groove proing b a for S pp O e forming d vided in the side edge of the original section of dowel bar supporting members in position the road to provide an arrangement whereby propped against the road form to permit a conthe new strip of road will dovetail or interfit with crete road to be formed having the channel 10 the old portion of the road and be joined theremembers embedded in the side surfaces thereof with by means of transversely positioned dowel with said channel members opening outw r ly bars which are connected with the projecting to provide grooves or recesses for receiving D01- endsof the dowel bars forming a part. of th tions of the concrete from road widening secoriginal road, If desired the bent over ends of tions to permit the additional 5601310115 110 interfit 15 the dowel bars in the original road may be bent with the old sections to obviate vertical shifting v out straight to project into the new strip of the 0f the additional road Widening Sections with road. respect to the old sections of the road.

, To accomplish wideni g'of r t r by Another object of the invention is to provide means of an additional side strip formed to ina removable a p bracket adapted'for re- 20 terfit with the old strips or sections of the road, movable association with a mad form to permit this invention has been devised to provide an channel reinforcing members to be temporarily improved road form consisting of a main form, d in p s n against t e inner face of the areinforcing channel for supporting dowel bars, road form until after the concrete has been and \suitable removable brackets whereby the Poured a as been al w d to p t l y t 1- 25 reinforcing channel may be temporarily held in lowing the lampin ra t t be removed w t so position against the inner face of the main form. channel members being retained in position It is an object of this invention to provide an by the partially Set concrete. improved type of road form including a main The invention (in preferred form) is illusform having associated therewith a plurality of trated in the drawing nd hereinafter m e u y 30 removable supporting brackets for temporarily describedsupporting groove forming channel members in On the drawing: position prior to the pouring of concrete to form gure 1 is a Perspective View 01 a road form the upper portion of a concrete road. embodying the principles of this invention.

It is also an object of this invention to provide Figure 2 is an enlarged transverse sectional I,

3; road forms with improved brackets for holding view taken on line II-II of Figure 1 with'parts channel members in position against the inner broken away. v sides of the road forms prior to the pouring of Figure 3 is a fragmentar'y'vertical detailed secconcrete, said brackets adapted to be removed tion takenthrough a road illustrating a method before the concrete is permitted to set, leaving of interfitting the road widening section with I 0 the channel bars embedded in the. concrete or the old section of the road. 5

removing the bars to provide receiving grooves As shown on the drawing: 3 in the side surfaces of the road when the road In the construction of concrete highways; it has forms are removed to afford a convenient arbeen the practice to construct roads which are rangement whereby the road may be widened by comparatively narrow due mainly to the high 45 side strips of concrete formed to have ridges or cost of construction. In many instances it has beads thereof projecting into the grooves to hold been found necessary to widen old roads. This the old and new road sections interlocked with widening of roads has been accomplished by one another- 4 building road strips or sections on either one or It is a er Object of this invention to proboth sides of the old road. In this method of 50 Vide an p d r ad f rm wh by the side widening roads considerable trouble has been exsurfaces of a concrete road may be formed with perienced in that the new sections, due to temchannel members embedded therein to provide perature changes or other disturbances, very grooves to permit additional road widening secoften shift vertically where they abut the old tions to be added with the additional sections sections thereby producing irregularities in the 55 having a dovetailed interfitting relation with the top surface of the widened road.

This invention has been devised for the purpose of providing an improved road form for road widening including improved removable clamping devices whereby channel members may be supported in position on the main members of the road form whereby the channel members are adapted to be imbedded in the side surfaces of the road when the main form members and clamping devices are removed to provide a road having receiving grooves in the side surfaces for the reception of portions of additional road sections which are added to the side of the original road to widen the same by means of the additional sections which interfit the old road so that no vertical shifting of the new section with ref spect to the old can take place.

In the present embodiment of this invention the reference numeral 1 indicates the base flange of a main road form comprising in addition to the base flange a form wall 2 and a top flange 3. The members 1, 2 and 3 form a channel construction adapted when in position for use to rest on the base flange 1. As clearly illustrated in Figure 2, the top flange 3 is comparatively narrow when compared with the wide base flange 1. The channel forms are adapted for use in pairs with the forms positioned on opposite sides of a road bed or subgrade 4 to define the width of a concrete road which is to be constructed.

In order to take care of road widening at future dates and provide an arrangement whereby the new road section may interfit or interlock with the old road section, each of the road form channels is adapted to have removably engaged against the outer face of the form wall 2 a groove forming channel bar 5 with the open face of the channel bar positioned to be closed by means of the form wall 2 as clearly illustrated in Figure 1. The channel bar 5 is intended eventually to be imbedded in the side wall or surface of a concrete road section with the groove portion thereof accessible or opening through the side wall of the road when the main road form 1-3 is removed. The intermediate or connecting plate forming part of each of the channel bars 5 is provided with a plurality of spaced apertures 6 for receiving and supporting the outer ends of dowel bars or rods 7. The outer ends of the dowel bars 'I are bent over to lie in the channel bar 5 as indicated in dotted lines in Figure 1, so that they may eventually be bent out straight to be embedded in an additional road widening section to bind the new and. old road sections together. The dowel bars 7 project transversely of the road and have the inner ends thereof supported in dowel bar supporting stakes 8. Each of the dowel bar stakes has the lower end thereof tapered to provide an end 9 which is adapted to project into the road sub-grade 4 a distance determinable by means of stop flanges or projections 10 forming a part of the stake.

For the purpose of holding a channel bar 5 in position against the outer surface of the form wall 2 a plurality of removable clamps or supporting brackets are provided to be supported at spaced intervals upon the main road form. Each of the supporting brackets or clamps comprises a looped or U-shaped rod or wire comprising a leg 11 the lower end of which is bent to form a clamping foot or hook 12 to engage around or hook beneath the outer flange edge of the base flange 1 of the main'road form. The upper end of the leg 11 is bent to form a loop or bight 13. Integrally formed on one end of the curved or bight portion 13 of the clamping brackclamping brackets is et is a downwardly directed arm 14 which is shorter than the leg 11 as clearly illustrated in Figure 2. Rigidly secured on thelower end of arm 14 is a channel-shaped shoe or holder 15 which, when in use, is adapted to engage over the channel bar 5 to hold the same clamped againstthe main road form; Slidably mounted on the leg 11 is a notched spacing and clamping block 16 having a set screw 1'1 engaged in the end thereof and projecting diametrically into the passage of the block 16 to seat against the leg 11 to hold the block 16 clamped in position with the notched portion thereof seated on the outer corner or edge of the top flange 3 of the main road form. Slidably engaged on the upper tapered loop end of the clamping bracket is a clamping link or locking member 18 which is adapted to be forced downwardly over the upper end of the clamping bracket to cause the-arm 14 and supporting shoe 15 to be resiliently forced or clamped against the channel bar 5 to hold the channel bar 5 in a set position of adjustment clamped against the outer surface of the form wall 2 thereby supporting the channel bar in position prior to the pouring of concrete upon the road sub-grade 4 to form the upper section 19 of the concrete road.

With the main road forms in position on a road sub-grade and with the groove-forming channel bars 5 clamped in position against the form walls V 2 by means of the improved removable clamping brackets, the reinforcing bars or dowel rods 7 are mounted in position with the outer end of the dowel bars projecting the channel bars 5 and bent over to lie within said bars while the inner ends of the dowel bars are supported by means of the stakes 8. When a road is of suflicient width, say about twenty feet, to require a longitudinal center groove or crack, a center strip device is road sub-grade half way between the road channel forms to cause a road center groove or crack to be formed after the concrete has been poured to form a crown or top section of a road. When a center strip is used the inner ends of the dowel groove-forming channel bars 5 crete is poured upon the road sub-grade 4 between the channel road forms to a required height or thickness with the poured concrete embedding the channel bars 5, the stakes 8 and the dowel bars '7 as well as the clamping shoes 15 forming part of the clamping brackets. After the poured concrete has been leveled oil and rounded to form the top surface of the road the concrete is allowed to only partially set before the clamping brackets are removed. Each of the adapted to be removed by merely pushing the locking link or member 18 through the openings 6 of.

usually mounted on the against the form wall 2 by means of removable clamping brackets conupwardly on the looped tapered upper end of the clamping bracket thereby releasing the bracket arm 14. The set screw 17 which secures the block 16 in posit-ion on the leg 11 is also released and the block is pushed upwardly thereby permitting the entire clamping bracket to be easily removed from the main road form by pulling the lower portion of the arm wardly out of the poured concrete. After the removal of a clamping bracket from the main form, the openings or cavities left by the removal of the bracket arm 14 and the shoe 15 are adapted to be filled in by tamping the concrete in the 14 and the shoe 15 up- 1,956,046 neighborhood of the recess to cause the concrete or seated therein with the open portions of the channel bars exposed to form grooves or channels in the side surfaces of the crown or upper portion of the concrete road. As clearly illustrated in Figure 2, the ends of the-dowel bars '7 instead of being left long and bent over as shown in Figure 1, may project into the grooves formed,

by the channel bars 5 and if desired may be threaded. If, after theroad of a predetermined width has been in use for some time and it becomes necessary to widen the road either on one side or on both sides of the old road, the improved road widening forms may again be used. A road form 1 3 is adapted to be positioned on a newly formed road sub-grade 21 at arequired distance from the grooved side wall 20 of the old road and if required-for still further road widening channel members 5 may be clamped in position against the form wall 2 by means of the improved clamping bracket. Where bent over dowel bars are in use, as illustrated in Figure 1, it is only necessary to bend the ends of the dowel bars outwardly to be in position to be embedded in the concrete of the additional road section. When dowel bars of the threaded type shown in Figure 2 are used in the old road, additional dowel bars may be engaged in the openings 6 of the channel bars 5 of the road widening form and the inner ends of the dowel bars may be connected to the outer threaded ends of the embedded dowel bars '7 in the old road 19 by means of coupling sleeves 22 or by the use of any other selected types of dowel bar couplers. After the road widening forms and the required dowel bars are mounted in position to determine the width of the concrete which is to be added to the side of the original road, concrete is poured between the road widening main form 1-3 and the side wall 20 of the old section of the road with the concrete embedding the channel forms 5 and the bent out ends of the old dowel bars or the additional lengths of dowel bars 7 coupled to the old dowel bars.- The concrete is permitted to flow into the grooves or channels provided in the sidewall 20 of the old road section thereby forming an interlocking arrangement between the old concrete sections of the road and the new road sections. When the concrete has partly set the clamping brackets are removed leaving the channel members 5in position. a The openings left by the removal of the clamping brackets and the shoes 15 forming a part thereof are adapted to be filled by the concrete. The newly poured concrete is permitted to harden or set before the main form is removed. After. the concrete has hardened the road widening side form 1-3 is removed leaving the channel member 5 in position to form a groove or recess in the side wall of the additional concrete'road section 23 which has-just been formed for the purpose of still further widening the roadif desired. It will thus be seen thatif another section needs to be added to the side of the road to further widen the same at any future date the same can conveniently be accomplished. In case the added section for widening the road will be adequate for future traflic conditions and no further widening is to be done, the channel members 5 may be omitted and the main forms 13 used without the channel members 5. It will be noted that the improved removable clamping bracket may be conveniently used with road forms for the purpose of temporarily holding groove-forming channel members in position associated with the road forms until the concrete has been poured after which the clamping brackets may be removed leaving the groove forming channel members seated in position and supported in said position by the concrete. The channel members 5 which are embedded in the side wall of the concrete road not only afiord recesses or grooves for the reception of concrete from additional road sections to interlock the new road sections with the old road, but also afford an arrangement permitting the dowel bars 7 to project into or be bent over to lie in the grooves or recesses provided by the members 5 so that the dowel bars of the additional road widening sections may be coupledwith the projecting ends of the dowel bars of the main road section. In the case of the bent over dowel bars, said bars may be bent straight and embedded in the concrete of the new road sections to interlock the new road sections with the old road.

While the groove forming channel members 5 have been described as being left embedded in the sides of the road, it will of course be understood that .said members may be removed and reused. The grooves formed by the removal of the channel members 5 may then be filled with concrete forming the added sections of the road.

As clearly illustrated in Figure 2 it will be noted that the improved clamping bracket, by

means of the shiftable clamping block 16, is adapted to be fitted to road forms of different sizes. The latching member or locking link 18 is conveniently-exposed so that it may be slipped downwardly over the upper tapered end of the clamping bracket to cause the clamping shoe 15 to tightly clamp around a channel member 5 to hold the same in position against a road form upon which the clamping bracket is engaged.

It will of course be understood that various details of construction may be varied through a wide range without departing from the principles of this invention and it is therefore not purposed to limit the patent granted hereon otherwise than necessitated by the scope of the appended claims.

I claim as'my invention:

1. The combination with a road form, of a. groove forming member, and a clamping device removably engaged on said road form for holding said member clamped against the road form.

2. The combination with a road form, of a groove forming member, a clamping device supported on the road form and engaging said member, and means on said clamping device to cause the same to clamp said member against the road form.

3. The combination with a road form, of a groove forming member havingdowel bar receiving apertures therein, a clamping device, means for removably securing the same on the road form, and a locking means on said device for causing the same to clamp said member against the road form. a

4. The combination with a road form, of. a channel member, a clamping bracket secured on said road form and en aging said member, and means slidably engaged on said bracket for caus- 4 ing the channel member to be clamped on the road form.

5. The combination with a road form, of a clamping device for engagement thereon, said device comprising a looped body member, a mounting block slidably engaged thereon for coaction with the road form to hold the body member in position, a holder carried by the body member, and means adjustable on said body member for causing the holder to be clamped against the road form.

6. A road form clamping device comprising a looped body, a mounting member shiftably engaged thereon, a holder secured to the body, and means slidably engaged on the looped body for moving the holder into a clamping position with respect to a road form on which the device is engaged.

7. A road form clamping device comprising a looped body, a mounting member movably engaged thereon, a shoe on said looped body, and means slidably engaged on the looped body to compress the same for moving the shoe into a clamping position.

8. A road form clamping device comprising a leg member, a foot formed on one end thereof, a mounting block slidably engaged on said leg member, means for securing the block in position, an arm, a looped section connecting said leg with said arm, a holder on said am, and a over the looped with respect to link member slidably engaged section for. adjusting said arm said leg.

9. A road form clamping looped member, means for mounting the same on a road form, a holder on the looped member, and locking means movably engaged on the looped member for clamping the looped member and said holder on the road form.

10. A road form bracket comprising a tapered body, means thereon for engaging a road form, and a member movable on said tapered body for locking the body on a road form with said means clamped against said road form.

11. A road form bracket comprising a U-shaped body having arms of different lengths, and means slidable thereon for clamping the bracket on a road form to hold a groove forming means in place against one side of the road form.

12. A road widening device comprising a road form, a groove forming means, a clamping device removably engaged on said form for temporarily holding the groove forming means clamped against the form, dowel members partially supported by the groove forming means, and stake members engaged by said dowel members to assist in supporting the dowel members in position,

EDWARD A. ROBERTSON.

bracket comprising a

US581282A 1931-12-16 1931-12-16 Road form for road widening Expired - Lifetime US1956046A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2745165A (en) * 1954-08-18 1956-05-15 Joint Saw Company Paving form structure
US2902742A (en) * 1954-07-26 1959-09-08 Matich Brothers Side form for concrete pavement
US3021582A (en) * 1959-03-09 1962-02-20 Economy Forms Corp Grade strip support
US3174204A (en) * 1963-04-15 1965-03-23 Chester I Williams Anchor system for an invert form
US4030693A (en) * 1976-02-11 1977-06-21 Kinnucan Jr Walter Frederick Longitudinal joint assembly in combination with a paving form
WO1989011567A1 (en) * 1988-05-25 1989-11-30 Cenefill Pty Ltd. Methods of construction and implements therefor
FR2784125A1 (en) * 1998-10-02 2000-04-07 Euromat France Joint for concrete floor has base supporting joint strip with openings for services and anchors for concrete slabs
US20080060311A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2008-03-13 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US20080083130A1 (en) * 2006-10-09 2008-04-10 Nigel Parkes Template for Positioning Pocket Former
US10077551B2 (en) 2015-10-05 2018-09-18 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Joint edge assembly and method for forming joint in offset position
US10119281B2 (en) 2016-05-09 2018-11-06 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Joint edge assembly and formwork for forming a joint, and method for forming a joint
US10385567B2 (en) 2018-09-14 2019-08-20 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Joint edge assembly and method for forming joint in offset position

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2902742A (en) * 1954-07-26 1959-09-08 Matich Brothers Side form for concrete pavement
US2745165A (en) * 1954-08-18 1956-05-15 Joint Saw Company Paving form structure
US3021582A (en) * 1959-03-09 1962-02-20 Economy Forms Corp Grade strip support
US3174204A (en) * 1963-04-15 1965-03-23 Chester I Williams Anchor system for an invert form
US4030693A (en) * 1976-02-11 1977-06-21 Kinnucan Jr Walter Frederick Longitudinal joint assembly in combination with a paving form
US5253959A (en) * 1988-05-25 1993-10-19 Cenefill Pty Ltd Methods of construction and implements therefor
WO1989011567A1 (en) * 1988-05-25 1989-11-30 Cenefill Pty Ltd. Methods of construction and implements therefor
US20080060311A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2008-03-13 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
FR2784125A1 (en) * 1998-10-02 2000-04-07 Euromat France Joint for concrete floor has base supporting joint strip with openings for services and anchors for concrete slabs
US20080083130A1 (en) * 2006-10-09 2008-04-10 Nigel Parkes Template for Positioning Pocket Former
US8303210B2 (en) * 2006-10-09 2012-11-06 Nigel Parkes Method for constructing adjacent cast in place concrete slabs using a template for positioning pocket formers
US10077551B2 (en) 2015-10-05 2018-09-18 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Joint edge assembly and method for forming joint in offset position
US10119281B2 (en) 2016-05-09 2018-11-06 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Joint edge assembly and formwork for forming a joint, and method for forming a joint
US10385567B2 (en) 2018-09-14 2019-08-20 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Joint edge assembly and method for forming joint in offset position

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