US1947164A - Phonograph reproducer - Google Patents

Phonograph reproducer Download PDF


Publication number
US1947164A US459586A US45958630A US1947164A US 1947164 A US1947164 A US 1947164A US 459586 A US459586 A US 459586A US 45958630 A US45958630 A US 45958630A US 1947164 A US1947164 A US 1947164A
United States
Prior art keywords
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Louis A Morrison
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
AT&T Corp
Original Assignee
Bell Telephone Laboratories Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Bell Telephone Laboratories Inc filed Critical Bell Telephone Laboratories Inc
Priority to US459586A priority Critical patent/US1947164A/en
Priority to GB1555631A priority patent/GB388729A/en
Priority to FR718036D priority patent/FR718036A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1947164A publication Critical patent/US1947164A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current




    • H04R9/00Transducers of moving-coil, moving-strip, or moving-wire type
    • H04R9/12Gramophone pick-ups using a stylus; Recorders using a stylus


A Tram/Ew spider like construction which results in min- Patented Feb. 13, 1934 PATENT OFFICE PHONOGRAPH REPRODUCER Louis A. Morrison, Brooklyn, N. Y., assignor to Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated, New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application June 6, 1930. Serial No. 459,586
3 Claims.
This invention relates to phonograph reproducers for hill and dale records and the object of the invention is to provide a reproducer of this type which has certain novel features of construction and is well adapted for high quality Vperformance in general use.
The general principles of the construction used have been explained heretofore in a copending application of A. C. Keller 402,128, filed October 24, 1929. Broadly stated these devices con- A sist of a generating element such as a coil elastically supported in a magnetic field, the mass and stiffness of the element and the support being of very small magnitude and so proportioned that the device is capable of tracking a groove embracing a wide range of frequencies with an unusually low pressure so that the wear on the groove is negligible. When such a reproducer is intended for reproduction from commercial pressing only, higher bearing pressures may be used than when reproduction from soft recording material is desired. It therefore may be desirable in some cases to take advantage of this fact by designing the reproducer with somewhat larger mechanical constants with a view to obtaining a more rugged device.
In accordance therefore with the general features of this invention the generating coil is mounted between or adjacent two parallel, spaced, elastic members so that it may be driven l readily in a vertical direction but is highly resistant to torsional forces which would oscillate the coil about a diameter and thereby introduce extraneous noises into the reproduction. The upper one of these members is preferably of imum impedance to vertical movement but practically as great impedance to torsional movement as would be provided by a solid diaphragm. The lower member may be a very light weight diaphragm Which serves also as a stylus mounting and a closure for the reproducer casing, or, if even lower mass is required than is readily attainable with this construction, this member may take the form of a sector of diaphragm without excessively reducing the torsional rigidity of the moving system.
In some cases it is found when the mass oi the system is made sufficiently low, that when the reproducer rests upon the groove the initial deection of the support is so great that the device is operating on the curved portion of the force-deflection characteristic, that is to say, the effective stiffness of the system under this condition is much higher than when the diaphragm is in a substantially plane condition. A feature of this invention is a structure adapted to take advantage of the lower stiffness of the plane condition of the diaphragm. -In its preferred form this structure consists of a small spring or other device of low elasticity normally tending to bow the diaphragm outwardly slightly so that when the reproducer is placed on the record the weight of the reproducer system tends to restore the diaphragm to a substantially plane condition.
A further feature of the invention is a plug and socket connection between the reproducer and its supporting arm which serves as both a mechanical support and an electrical connection to the external circuit.
These and other features of the invention may be more clearly understood from the following detailed description and the accompanying drawing in which:
Fig. 1 is a side view of the preferred form of the reproducer;
Fig. 2 is a large scale detail of the moving system; and
Fig. 3 is a bottom view of an alternative construction for the elastic supporting members.
Referring to Figs. l and 2 the magnetic members 1 and 2 are held in proper relative position by a non-magnetic spacer 3 to which the permanent magnet 4 is also secured by means of clamp 5. The pole piece 6 carries the reproducer moving system and for convenience in assembling and repairing the device is made readily detachable from the reproducer by means of screws '7, '7 and 8, 8. Magnetic member 2 is hollow to receive the pole piece 9 which, when held in proper position by set screw l0, projects through a circular opening 18 in the member 1 to form an annular gap 11 with the pole piece 6.
The moving system comprising the coil 12,
the spider member 13 and the diaphragm 14 is shown clearly in Fig. 2. The spider is preferably made from duralumin, 2 mils in thickness with sectors stamped out so as to leave four supporting arms 15, as shown by dotted lines in Fig. 3. Other radial arms 16 are bent up to hold the coil 12 in its proper position in the gap. The diaphragm 14 is also of the 2 mil duralumin corrugated to increase its stiffness and permit greater amplitude of deiiection. The center of the diaphragm is pressed out to receive the stylus, which may be a sapphire or a diamond, and to provide the necessary operating clearance when the reproducer is resting on the record. In assembling the moving system the diaphragm is rst put into position and the spider member is then fastened to it by cementing the coil supporting arms 16 to the inner surface of the pressed out portion of the diaphragm, as shown, so that both the spider and the diaphragm move with the coil as it is driven in accordance with the record grooves.
The impedance of a moving system of this kind is such that the stylus may be kept in constant contact with the grooves when the unbalanced Weight of the reproducer system is as low as from l5 to 20 grams, but even this small force Would ordinarily cause a large initial deection of the system, thereby very materially increasing its stiffness above its value when in a substantially undeiiected position. Ii the reproducer were used with a moving system as so far described, this high operating stiffness would result in much more Wear on the record than if it were driven about its substantially plane position. In order to take advantage 01T the lower stiffness of the system when in the plane position and thereby keep the Wear on the record a minimum, there is provided a coil spring 19 or other suitable elastic member seated in a recess in the end of pole piece 9 and cemented to the diaphragm just above the stylus to provide an initial deflection in the diaphragm and spider member as indicated. For best results the constants of the spring should be proportioned with respect to the moving system and the unbalanced Weight of the reproducer that the reaction of the record when the reproducer is resting on it will restore the system to its undeiiected position.
The coil 12 is preferably made up of about 50 turns of No. 44 enameled copper Wire, the adjacent turns being held together by cellulose acetate. The ends of the coil are brought out and soldered to the stiier conductors 20, 21 leading to studs 22 Which plug into the sockets 23 on the supporting arm 24. The sockets are preferably split so that the reproducer may be easily disconnected from the arm or held tightly in place by clamp 27 When in use. This arrangement is a decided advantage when the reproducer is to be changed frequently since with the usual construction one or more tools are necessary to connect and disconnect the leads and mechanical supporting members. The casing 26 surrounding the reproducer improves its appearance, protects it from injury in handling and together With the diaphragm forms a dust tight closure for the moving system.
Another form of elastic supporting structure as shown in Fig. 3 is similar to that just described except that only a sector of diaphragm 25 is used. In some cases it may be necessary to resort to some such construction as this where very low stiffness is desired, but in general it will be found preferable to use the full diaphragm Whenever possible in order to keep dust and other extraneous matter from accumulating in the air-gap.
The invention has been described with reference to certain specific embodiments, but obviously Various changes might be made within the scope of the appended claims. For instance the generating element might be a moving armature rather than a coil as shown o1' both of the mounting members might be placed on one side of the generating element.
What is claimed is:
1. In a phonograph reproducer, a magnetic circuit having pole pieces forming an annular air gap, a stylus driven coil Within the gap, elastic supporting means for the coil and an elastic member normally under compression between one of the pole pieces and the supporting means.
In a phonograph reproducer, a magnetic circuit including an air gap, a generating element in the gap, a stylus, supporting means for the element and the stylus comprising elastic members disposed in adjacent parallel planes, and auxiliary resilient means cooperating with one of the elastic members to reduce the effective stiness of the supporting means.
3. In a phonograph reproducer, a magnetic circuit including pole pieces forming an ail` gap, a stylus driven coil positioned in the gap, supporting means for the coil comprising a diaphragmand a spider member connected together near their centers in spaced relation, and
US459586A 1930-06-06 1930-06-06 Phonograph reproducer Expired - Lifetime US1947164A (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US459586A US1947164A (en) 1930-06-06 1930-06-06 Phonograph reproducer
GB1555631A GB388729A (en) 1930-06-06 1931-05-27 Improvements in or relating to sound recording or reproducing devices
FR718036D FR718036A (en) 1930-06-06 1931-06-02 Improvements in devices for recording and reproducing sound

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US459586A US1947164A (en) 1930-06-06 1930-06-06 Phonograph reproducer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1947164A true US1947164A (en) 1934-02-13



Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US459586A Expired - Lifetime US1947164A (en) 1930-06-06 1930-06-06 Phonograph reproducer

Country Status (3)

Country Link
US (1) US1947164A (en)
FR (1) FR718036A (en)
GB (1) GB388729A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE896568C (en) * 1941-06-05 1953-11-12 Grammophon G M B H Deutsche Pickups for records
US3766330A (en) * 1972-04-28 1973-10-16 Aero Service Corp Disc recording stylus driver

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE896568C (en) * 1941-06-05 1953-11-12 Grammophon G M B H Deutsche Pickups for records
US3766330A (en) * 1972-04-28 1973-10-16 Aero Service Corp Disc recording stylus driver

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
FR718036A (en) 1932-01-18
GB388729A (en) 1933-03-02

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2373181A (en) Transducer
US1947164A (en) Phonograph reproducer
US2380514A (en) Vibration-translating device
US2118862A (en) Dynamic translating device
US4220341A (en) Pickup
US2055187A (en) Phonograph reproducer
US2133815A (en) Phonograph reproducer
US2534157A (en) Sound reproducing device
US2410607A (en) Electric recorder-reproducer unit
US1960007A (en) Phonograph reproducer
US1918972A (en) Phonograph reproducer
US2347347A (en) Vibration translating device
US1728278A (en) Electromagnetic translating device
US2240918A (en) Device to convert mechanical vibrations into electrical oscillations
US1944258A (en) Sound reproducing instrument
US2325807A (en) Phonograph mounting
US2957053A (en) Audio-electric translating device
US2538164A (en) Electromagnetic sound reproducer
US2103361A (en) Signal translating apparatus
US2311385A (en) Sound translating apparatus
US2534725A (en) Electrodynamic pickup hearing u-shaped coil holder
US2322621A (en) Electroacoustic transducer
US1702438A (en) Reproducing device
US2430476A (en) Phonograph reproducer
US2511664A (en) Phonograph pickup