US1926241A - Paper bag machine - Google Patents

Paper bag machine Download PDF

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Publication number
US1926241A
US1926241A US458337A US45833730A US1926241A US 1926241 A US1926241 A US 1926241A US 458337 A US458337 A US 458337A US 45833730 A US45833730 A US 45833730A US 1926241 A US1926241 A US 1926241A
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Prior art keywords
tube
plicated
bag
machine
tucking
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Expired - Lifetime
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US458337A
Inventor
Howard H Orr
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JAITE Co
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JAITE Co
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31BMAKING CONTAINERS OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31B2160/00Shape of flexible containers
    • B31B2160/10Shape of flexible containers rectangular and flat, i.e. without structural provision for thickness of contents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31BMAKING CONTAINERS OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31B70/00Making flexible containers, e.g. envelopes or bags
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31BMAKING CONTAINERS OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31B70/00Making flexible containers, e.g. envelopes or bags
    • B31B70/74Auxiliary operations
    • B31B70/81Forming or attaching accessories, e.g. opening devices, closures or tear strings
    • B31B70/84Forming or attaching means for filling or dispensing contents, e.g. valves or spouts
    • B31B70/855Forming valves integral with the containers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S493/00Manufacturing container or tube from paper; or other manufacturing from a sheet or web
    • Y10S493/916Pliable container
    • Y10S493/927Reclosable
    • Y10S493/929Reclosable with valve

Description

Sept. 12, 1933. v H. H. QRR 11,926,241
l. PAYPER BAG MACHINE V Filed May 31, 1930 7 Sheets-Sheet 1 Sept. 12, 1933. H, H @RR 1,926,241
^ PAPER BAG MACHINE- Filed May 51, 1930 'T Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR ATTORNEY ept- 12, 1933. H. H. QRR 1,926,241
. I PAPER BAG MACHINE Filed May 51, 1930 7 sheets-sheet 5 26 52 INVENTOR HUWHRD H'IDRR' ATTORNEY Sqn. 12; 1933.
H. H. ORR
PAPER BAG MACHINE Filed May 3l, 1930 '7 Sheets-Sheet 4 In 'n q mvENToR Hawnan H- am@ ATTO RN EY sept. 12, 1932. n. H: @RR
PAPER BAG MACHINE Filed May 31., 1930 '7 Sheets-Sheet 5 Sept. l2, 1933, H. H. oRR
PAPER BAG MACHINE Filed May 51, 1930 7 Sheets-Sheet 6 iNvENToR Hamann/#WRR sept. 12, 1933. H. H. om 1,926,241
PAPER BAG MACHINE Filed. May 5 1, 1950` '7 Sheets-Sheet 7 INVENTOR Ha'wnnn H- am? M, M+MM.
ATTORN EY Patented Sept. 12, 1933 ICE PAPER BAG MACHINE Howard H. Orr, Cleveland, Ohio, assignor to The Jaite Company, Jaite, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio i Application May 31, 193i). Serial No. 458,337
9 Claims.
My invention relates to a machine for manufacturing paper bags, particularly plicated paper bagswhich are sewn and bound'transversely at their opposite ends and also formed with a selfclosing sealing valve in one corner thereof. Bags of this type are commonly used for transporting cement and other powdered materials easily affected by weather or atmospheric conditions, and the bags are relatively large and must be strong enough to hold a substantial amount of material, say approximately one-hundred pounds. Customarily, four or more plies of tough paper stock are used to produce a bag embodying the desired protection, strength and durability. Therefore, in producing such bags automatically by machinery one problem is to produce rapidly and accurately tucked folds on angular lines in the relatively stiff plicated walls to form the valvular part of the bag. This problem the present machine has been designed to overcome, together with other related problems entailed in sewing and binding the opposite ends of one tucked product during feed movements thereof, and while tucking proceeds (zo-incidently` on other bag bodies. Thus, the present machine is particularly constructed to tuck, sew and bind multi-ply plicated paper bodies in rapid succession and without stop or interruption simply by supplying or placing flat tubular blanks or bodies upon the receiving end of the machine, and while the finished bags are being discharged at the opposite end of the machine.
In the accompanying drawings, Fig. 1, (Sheet 1) is a side view, on a reduced scale, of a bag making machine embodying my improvements, and Fig. 2 (Sheet 2) is a top view thereof. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of a tubular blank from which a bag is produced, and Fig. 4 is a similar view of a completed bag. Fig. 5 is an enlarged sectional View of one sewed end of a bag, and Fig. 6 is an enlarged sectional view of the valve portion of the bag. Fig. 7 is a longitudinal section of the valve portion of the bag online 7 7 of Fig. 6, and Fig. 8 a transverse section of the valve portion of the bag on line 8 8 of Fig. 6. Fig. 9 (Sheet 3) is a top view on a larger scale than Fig. 2, showing one corner of the receiving end of the machine, and Fig. 10 (Sheet 4) is a side elevation of the receiving end of the machine, and Fig. ll is a plan view in section on line 11 11 of Fig; 10. Fig; 12 is an end elevation showing the folding devices in'one operating v14 is an end view of the clampingl devices associated with the fold forming devices, and Fig. 15 a sectional view of the same parts on line l5 15 of Fig. 14. Fig. 16 is a sectional view of the clutch, on line'16 l6 of Fig. l2. Figs. 17 to 20, inclusive, (Sheet 6) are perspective views4 of the valve folding and forming devices in different operating positions.
Figs. 2l to 23, inclusive, are perspective views of the valve portion of a single-ply bag in several stages of development, and Figs. 24 to 32, inclu sive,'are plan and sectional views of the folding and tucking blades in the different operating positions which they assume in producing the folds shown in Figs. 2l to 23, inclusive.
The machine comprises a main frame 2 having a flat top or table 3 which is slotted or channeled longitudinally to permit the upper reach or stretch of an endless conveyor, or a pair of conveyors 4 4 to' feed a series of flat tubular bag bodies or blanks B in parallel spaced relation from end to end thereover. Co-operating with conveyors 4 4 are two shorter endless feed chains or belts 5 5 located beneath the receiving shelf 6 of table 3. An electric motor 7 mounted within the base part 2 of frame 2, and sprocket chains 8 and sprocket gears 9, drive'- conveyors 4 4. The feed chains or belts 5 5 are driven by the movement imparted to conveyors 4 4, gears 10 being fixed to the driven shaft 11 carrying one pair of sprocket wheels 12 for the conveyors 4 4.
The feed chains 5 5 are provided at spaced intervals with lugs 14 adapted to project up#- wardly beyond the fiat top of table 3 and to travela short distance lengthwise thereof in the same horizontal plane as the upper reachy of the conveyors 4 4. These conveyors have projecting pieces 15 at' spaced intervals thereon to pick up and move the blanks or bodies B lengthwise over the table top when fed for' Ward singly and successively in parallel spaced relation by the feed chains 5 5. The bag bodies B are flat plicated tubes which are relatively thick where plicated, owing to the number of plies or sheets of paper of which they arev composed. The plicated side also tends to spread open so that when these bag bodies B are placed transversely 'upon receiving shelf 6 the feed chains 5 5 will engage the plicatededges and feed the bag bodies forward singly and in succession to the conveyors 4 4. However, the spacing of the feed lugs 14 on the chains is such that each bag body B remains at rest for 'a shortinterval on table 3 before it is fed forward, although the feed chains and the conveyors are moving continuously. The
. bag bodies B which are fed'forwardin that way are therefore spaced apart uniform .distances and carried forward in that relation so that each may be operated upon separately after producing a triangular tuck or pocket b in one plicated corner of each tube or body B, while it is temporarily at rest upon shelf 6.
Assuming that a tucking operation has just been completed on one tube or bag body B, the nextvtube to be operated on is lowered in an overlapping position upon the tucked tube while the latter is being fed forward by chains 5 5. In this proceeding one end edge of the new tube is placed against a guide rail 16 and an upright stop 17, and the plicated longitudinal side edge of the tube is aligned with the straight transverse edge 18 of shelf 6 and placed beneath a clamping jaw 19 which is mounted to slide vertically upon a channeled bracket 20 suspended from the shelf at said edge 18. A short pivoted lever 2l is connected at one end to a depending part of clamping jaw 19, and the opposite end of this lever carries a roller 22 which rides on a cam 23, against which it is yieldingly held by a tension spring 24. Thus, the rotatable movement of cam 23 will raise the clamping jaw at timed intervals and also lower and hold it in a clamping position fora given period of time. When lowered it clamps the plicated portion of tube B down upon the shelf a predetermined distance back from the end edges of the tube, and it is in this plicated corner area of the tube that the triangular tuck or pocket b is produced. Shelf 6 is also of less width than table 3 at the corner of the machine so that the end of the tube overhangs an.
open space when the tube is deposited on the shelf with its end edge abutting guide rail 16 and stop 17. A short tongue b is also provided at one end corner of the tube, which tongue forms an extension of the valve pocket in the bag eventually. Thus, in placing the tube against guide rail 16 the tongue b' projects beyond the upright stop 17, thereby `preventing the tube from being carried onward until the clamping jaw 19 grips the tube while the tucked bag beneath it is being fed forward by chains 5 5.
When the tube is rst placed in position upon the shelf its plicated side walls enfold a pair of oscillatory plates 25-25 of triangular shape lying normally close together face to face in a horizontal plane. These plates are affixed to separate hinge members 26 having a common axis or shaft 27 supported by a bracket 28 extending outwardly frem shelf 6, so that both.
folding plates may be turned and unfolded in opposite directions until they stand at acute angles to the 'horizontal plane of the tube.` vIn so doing portions of the plicated walls of the tube between the plates and the clamping jaws are spread apart upon definite angular folds lines corresponding to the outlines of a tetrahedron, while other portions of the plicated walls extending toward tne open end of the tube are buckled outwardly to approximately right angles to the plane of the bag, see Figs. 13 and 18.
The means for rotating the folding plates 25-25 in opposite directions simultaneously consist of a pair of links 29-29 connected pivotally to the ears `30 on the folding plates, both links being also pivotallyconnected to a bell crank 31 having a roller 32 at the end of one of its arms. This roller is; pressed constantly against a rotatable cam 33 by a compression spring 34 connected to the -second arm of the bell crank. Cam 33 is fixed to the outer end of rotatable shaft 35 supported in a hanger 36, and this shaft is driven by bevel gear 37 meshing with a bevel gear 38 on an upright shaft 39. Power is transmitted to these parts from motor 7 by aisprocket chain 40 extending lengthwise of the machine to a sprocket wheel 41 carried -by a sleeve 42 on a clutch shaft 43 having a bevelk gear 44 meshing with a similar gear 45 at the lower end of upright shaft 39. A normay be employed to connect shaft 43 with the power driven sleeve 42, together with a foot treadle 47 and other controlling devices whereby the train of operating parts for the folding plates 2 5-25 may be thrown into action for a brief interval whenever a bag tube is'in position and the operatorI wishes to spread the plicated sides and produce tucked folds therein. This operation is speedy and when nished. the clutch is disconnected or thrown out automatically.
Several operations take place when the clutch is thrown in; rst, the folding plates are unfolded to spread the plicated sides of the tubes and develop triangular folds therein; and secondly, -a tucking blade 48 is oscillated, that is, rotated a quarter and back again while the folding platesl are being folded together again. Tucking blade 48 is mounted on the upper end of a vertical shaft 50 and oscillates in a horizontal plane corresponding to the axis of the folding plates and closely adjacent thereto. Normally the tucking blade extends forwardly and parallel with the plicated side edges ofthe tube so that it may strike the plicated side wall centrally thereof after the folding plates have spread the tube open and stretched the plicated portions of the-tube at substantially right angles in respect to the tucking blade. The blade is then rotateda quarter or a degree or more beyond a quarter turn, to buckle and tuck the corner walls and extension b' of the tube ing mally dis-engaged clutch 46 of any suitable kind' wardly between the flat outer walls of the tube.`
In so doing a short valve pocket is formed extending transversely of the tube and open to the interior thereof, and during the striking movement of the tucking blade the folding plates mesh with said gear, a rotatable cam i engaging a roller y' on rack bar h, a coiled tension spring k attached to bar h, and a short shaft l which is rotated by a sprocket chain m and sprocket" wheels n deriving their power from shaft 35, see Figs. 10 and 11.
Keeping .in mind that the tube is composed of a plural number of plies of stiff paper it is selfevident that all the bent folds formed in the corner of the tube are not sharply and abruptly defined but are moreor less rounded and stillI capable of springing open and apart, especially the corner folds 51-51 inclined at an angle of about 45 to the straight side and end edges of" the tube. Consequently, these corner folds are compressed to nearly a fiat state by a pair Aof pivoted pressing devices 52-52 having short crank arms 53-53. These devices are adapted to be spread and held apart for an interval of time and then suddenly .released and forced together by a compression spring 54 to compress the rolled folds which tend to gap open. Thus, arms 53 are connected by links 554 to a bell crank 56 which is subject to the pressure of a compression spring 44." carries a roller 57 having riding engagement with a rotatable cam 58 mounted on a jack shaft 59 driven by a second jack shaft 60 and miter gears 61. A sprocket 62 on shaft 60 is connected by a sprocket chain 63 to a sprocket wheel 64 xed to a rotatable shaft 35 hereinbefore described, thereby completing the train oi mechanism for oscillating the pressing or compacting devices 52.
After eachy pressing operation the devices 52-52 are opened or spread apart and the tube operated on is picked up by the projections on the feed chains and shifted bodily over the shelf to the conveyors. While this particular tube is in motion a second tube is deposited thereon and on shelf 6 beneath clamping jaw 19.. all the folds in the tube being fed forward are not fully developed, that is, they are not all sharply creased, and there is still a tendency in the folded walls to spring open or apartat the mouth of the tube, a condition which is apt to bring about mal-function in subsequent bind-1 ing and sewing operations. Therefore the folded end of the tube is caused to pass between a pair of attening rollers lie-65 which are driven in opposite directions by a train of sprocket wheels and. chains 66 and 57, respectively, deriving their power from a sprocket wheel 68 on one of the conveyor wheel shafts,
A shaft 11 in this instance.
The tucked product is now completely flattened and carried forward in that condition by the conveyors to a pair of sewing machines S--S which are operated simultaneously to stitch or sew the opposite ends of each tube shut, including the parallel end edges of the tucked portion in one corner of the tube.
Two strips of binding tape 6.969 are also folded around the end edges of the tube and stitched thereto in the sewing operation, the tape being fed to yielding folders or hemming devices l0-70 from separate reels 'l1-Jil mounted rotatably at opposite sides of the machine. The tape feeding and hemming devices and the sewing machines are preferably of the type and kind shown and described in Letters Patent of the United States, No. 1,749,- 118, granted to Samuel Wechsler, on March d, 1930, and therefore, a detailed description thereof is omitted herein to avoid prolixity, especie ally as no claim for such mechanism per se is made herein.
However, the present feeding and tucking devices are ccs-operatively connected and combined with such old mechanisms that the operations thereof to produce finished bags from mere tubes may proceed rapidly and continu ously under the control of a single operator. Thus, the sewing machines are also operatively driven by sprocket gears and chains 'l2 from motor 7, to permit tucking, hemming, and sewing operations to proceed simultaneously. Hemrning and sewing are continuous operations coinciding with the movement of the conveyors, while clamping tucking and compressing of the tubes areV intermittent operations quickly pm- This bell crankstart and stop themachine at all times, andA also control each tucking operation while the machine is running, timing the ,tucking to occur with the clamping of a tube on the receiving.
shelf while the last tube tucked is being forced forward by the feed chains to the conveyors 4 4.
What I claim, is: 1. In 'a machine for making valved bags from fiat plicated tubes, means for folding a valve pocket in a plicated tube, means for compressing the folds of said valvepccket fiat, means for sewing the opposite ends of said tube including a part of said Valve pocket shut, and
means for automatically conveying the tubes from said folding and compressing means to said sewing means.
2. In a machine for making valved bags from flat plicated tubes, devices for producing valve folds in a plicated tube; a conveyor for delivering the tubes from said devices to a pair of sewing machines; power-driven mechanisms vfor operating said devices, sewing machines and conveyors; and manually-controllable means for effecting intermittent operation of said valve producing devices co-lncident with conveying and sewingy operations.
3. In a machine for making valved bags from fiat plicated tubes, means for forming valve folds in one corner of a plicated tube; a pair of sewing machines for stitching the opposite ends of the tubes concurrently; means for con-` .tubes between and to said machines; and automatic means for tucking a valve pocket in a corner of each tube including spring actuated means for `flattening the tucked folds at said corner, preliminary to feedingv the same to said sewing machines.
5. In a bag making machine, means for clamping a plicated tube a predetermined distance back from one end edge thereof, triangular oscillating devices adapted to exend into the plicated portion of said tube adiac t said clamping means, means for oscillating said triangular devices to form triangular folds in said plicated portion, means for tucking the plicated walls of the tube inwardly adjacent said folds to form a short valve 'pocket at one end edge of said tube, means for shifting during tucking operations said triangular blades gradually toward each other, and means for flattening the foldedportions of said tube.
6. In a bag making machine, a shelf; means adapted to clamp a plicated portion of a plicated tube upon said shelf; oscillating means, including plates of triangular shape extending into the plicated portion of said tube;means lll@ lli@
rections, a `tucking device adapted to oscillate in respect to said plates, and cam mechanism and aclutch` for operating said clamping and oscillating means and said tucking device.
'7. In a bag making machine, a shelf, a. reciprocable clamping member adapted to clamp a plicated portion of a plicated tube upon said shelf, means adapted to spread and form triangular folds in the plicated portion ofv said tube adjacent said clamping means, tucking means adapted to buckle the spread walls of the tube inwardly at approximately right angles to the plicated edge of the tube to form a short valve pocket, and a pair of pivotally mounted oscillatory means adapted to swing toward each other to compress the folds in said tube.
8. In a bag.making machine, a shelf, aclamping means at one edge of said shelf, a pair of triangular plates rotatably mounted in the plane of said shelf, means adapted to oscillate said plates simultaneously in opposite directions, r0- tatable tucking means arranged in the plane of said shelf between said plates, and a pair of pivotally mounted and spring actuated oscillatory pressing devices opposite said tucking means.
9. A method of forming a valve pocket in one corner of a plicated tube, consisting in clamping the plicated portion of a tube near one corner of the tube, in spreading the plicated portion of the tube adjoining the clamped area and forming triangular folds in said portion close to said area, in tucking the spreacled plicated portion inwardly between the walls of the tube, while simultaneously decreasing the spreading of the plicated portion of the tube for maintaining the material in the tringular folded areas under predetermined tension during such tucking.
HOWARD H. ORR.
US458337A 1930-05-31 1930-05-31 Paper bag machine Expired - Lifetime US1926241A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2626544A (en) * 1948-07-29 1953-01-27 Clarence W Vogt Apparatus for and process of manufacturing enwrapments
US2677319A (en) * 1950-09-23 1954-05-04 Potdevin Machine Co Apparatus for forming a valve in a bag and applying a supplemental sleeve-forming sheet thereto
WO2020058828A1 (en) * 2018-09-23 2020-03-26 Lohia Corp Limited A method and an apparatus for manufacturing a storage bag, and a storage bag

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2626544A (en) * 1948-07-29 1953-01-27 Clarence W Vogt Apparatus for and process of manufacturing enwrapments
US2677319A (en) * 1950-09-23 1954-05-04 Potdevin Machine Co Apparatus for forming a valve in a bag and applying a supplemental sleeve-forming sheet thereto
WO2020058828A1 (en) * 2018-09-23 2020-03-26 Lohia Corp Limited A method and an apparatus for manufacturing a storage bag, and a storage bag

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