US1925882A - Varying speed of capacitor motors - Google Patents

Varying speed of capacitor motors Download PDF

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Publication number
US1925882A
US1925882A US510436A US51043631A US1925882A US 1925882 A US1925882 A US 1925882A US 510436 A US510436 A US 510436A US 51043631 A US51043631 A US 51043631A US 1925882 A US1925882 A US 1925882A
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winding
transformer
auxiliary
windings
main
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US510436A
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Raymond E Smith
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CBS Corp
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Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Co
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02PCONTROL OR REGULATION OF ELECTRIC MOTORS, ELECTRIC GENERATORS OR DYNAMO-ELECTRIC CONVERTERS; CONTROLLING TRANSFORMERS, REACTORS OR CHOKE COILS
    • H02P25/00Arrangements or methods for the control of AC motors characterised by the kind of AC motor or by structural details
    • H02P25/02Arrangements or methods for the control of AC motors characterised by the kind of AC motor or by structural details characterised by the kind of motor
    • H02P25/04Single phase motors, e.g. capacitor motors

Description

Sept. 5, 1933. E. SMITH 1,925,882
VARYING SPEED OF CAPACITOR MOTORS Filed Jan. 22, 1931 WITNESSES Y INVENTOR W Payne/21E Sm/M 34% JM ZLW ATTbRNEY Patented Sept. 5, 1933' VARYING SPEED OF CAPACITOR MOTORS Raymond E. Smith, Springfield, Mass., assignor to Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company, a corporation of Pennsylvania Application January 22, 1931.. SerialNo. 510,436
' 2 Claims.
My invention relates to altemating-current motors and more particularly to means for varying the speed of induction motors.
An object of my invention is to provide a relatively simple and compact means in a capacitor motor for varying the speed thereof.
In practicing my invention, I provide, in combination with a capacitor motor embodying a rotor, a main stator energizing field winding and an auxiliary field winding connected to a condenser, and an auto-transformer provided with taps to permit of connecting a larger or smaller number of turns in circuit with the motorenergizing windings.-
The single figure of the drawing illustrates, schematically, a motor embodying my inven tion.
A motor 11, which is preferably of the ca pacitor type, embodies a rotor 12, here shown as of the squirrel-cage type. No shaft or hearings are shown, as these constitute no part of my invention and any standard or usual devices of this kind may be utilized.
A main stator-energizing field winding 13 and an auxiliary stator-energizing field winding ld are provided, both field windings being wound in mechanically or electrically displaced relation on a usual laminated stator core of the kind utilized in alternating-current motors of this type. I have illustrated the stator windings l3 and 14 generally only, as such windings and the details of the stator structure constitute no par ticular part of my present invention.
A supply circuit includes conductors l6 and 1'? having a suitable electric potential difference therebetween and being of the single-phase type. A transformer 18, which may be an autotransformer, is shown schematically only as having a single winding, it being understood that a usual or standard type of laminated core may be employed. A conductor 19 connects supply-circuit conductor 16 to one terminal of the autotransformer winding, and a conductor 21 connects supply-circuit conductor 17 to a tap which is connected to a midpoint of the winding. Thus, if the voltage of the supply circuit is no volts, this voltage will be applied to substantially one hall of the winding of transformer 18 so that the voltage across the extreme terminals of the transformer winding will be substantially 220 volts.
' The winding of transformer 18, and particularly that portion connected to conductor 19, is provided with a plurality of taps and fixed contact members 22. 23, 24 and 26 which may be selectively engaged by a manually movable switch lever 27. Switch lever 27 is connected, by a conductor 28, to the junction of windings l3 and-14, while the midpoint of the winding of transformer 18 is connected, by a conductor 29, to the other terminal of main winding 13. The other terminal of auxiliary winding 14 is connected, by a conductor 31, to one terminal of a condenser 32, the other terminal of which is connected, by a conductor 33, to the extreme outer terminal of the winding of transformer 18.
The hereinbefore described system is particularly effective in the speed control of a motor of the type above designated and it may be noted that the main field winding is energized at substantially 110 volts if switch arm 2? is in engagement with contact terminal 22, while the voltage across the circuit including auxiliary winding 1 and condenser 32 is much higher, so that substantially 220 volts will be applied to the tenminals oi condenser 32 conductor 21 is con nected to the midpoint oi winding of transformer 18. This, of course, results in making the condenser much smaller, it being well understood in the art that the capacity of such condenser varies inversely as the square of th voltage applied thereto. I
it be assumed switch arm 27 is initially in engagement with contact terminal 22, the full I voltage oi the respective portions of the tran former will be supplied to the respective motor circuits. it now, switch 2? is moved to the position shown in the drawing, the number of turns of winding'ld in the two circuits will be reduced, and it may be noted that the percentage of reduction in the number of turns between con ductors iii and 21 will be twice that in the entire winding of the transformer, or, in other words, the percentage variation in the voltage applied to the main and to the auxiliary windings will be different for the two windings, the percentage oi variation for the auxiliary field being less than that for the main field winding.
1 have found that this method of regulation is easily effected and that will vary the speed of the motor as desired.
It is apparent, of course, that, by increasing the number of turns in the winding of transformer 18 to a greater ratio than two to one, as has been assumed in the present instance, it is postill sible to increase the voltage applied to the con-- percentage variations in the voltages applied to l the main and to the auxiliary stator field windings.
Since my invention may be variously modified without departing from its spirit and scope, I
desire that only such limitations shall be placed thereon as are embodied in the prior art or are set forth in the appended clam.
I claim as my invention:
1. In combination with an inductionimotorineluding a main field winding, an auxiliary field winding and a condenser connected to the auxiliary fieldwinding, a transformer, connections between the transformer winding and the field windings and the condenser whereby the main winding is energized at a'lower voltage thanthe combination oi? the auxiliary winding and the condenser and switchingmeans between the two field windings and one end of the transformer winding to effect simultaneous variation of v the voltages applied to the respective field windings,
the percentage variation of voltage for the main energization of the'main field winding at a lower voltage than that applied to the combination of the auxiliary field winding and condenser, said permanent connections including switching means-connected to the main and the auxiliary field windings and selectively engaging the taps to vary simultaneously and in diil'erent degrees,
the voltages applied to the two field windings.
RAYMOND E. SMITH.
US510436A 1931-01-22 1931-01-22 Varying speed of capacitor motors Expired - Lifetime US1925882A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2507798A (en) * 1945-05-15 1950-05-16 Standard Electric Time Co Electric-impulse counter
US2508639A (en) * 1943-12-30 1950-05-23 Honeywell Regulator Co Electrical motor control apparatus with means for reducing motor speed to prevent coasting
US2646537A (en) * 1951-09-13 1953-07-21 Alexander J Lewus Induction motor of the capacitor type

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2508639A (en) * 1943-12-30 1950-05-23 Honeywell Regulator Co Electrical motor control apparatus with means for reducing motor speed to prevent coasting
US2507798A (en) * 1945-05-15 1950-05-16 Standard Electric Time Co Electric-impulse counter
US2646537A (en) * 1951-09-13 1953-07-21 Alexander J Lewus Induction motor of the capacitor type

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