US1925109A - Hydraulic chuck - Google Patents

Hydraulic chuck Download PDF

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Publication number
US1925109A
US1925109A US1925109DA US1925109A US 1925109 A US1925109 A US 1925109A US 1925109D A US1925109D A US 1925109DA US 1925109 A US1925109 A US 1925109A
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United States
Prior art keywords
chuck
pipe
valve
pump
piston
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Publication of US1925109A publication Critical patent/US1925109A/en
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Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B31/00Chucks; Expansion mandrels; Adaptations thereof for remote control
    • B23B31/02Chucks
    • B23B31/10Chucks characterised by the retaining or gripping devices or their immediate operating means
    • B23B31/12Chucks with simultaneously-acting jaws, whether or not also individually adjustable
    • B23B31/16Chucks with simultaneously-acting jaws, whether or not also individually adjustable moving radially
    • B23B31/16195Jaws movement actuated by levers moved by a coaxial control rod
    • B23B31/16216Jaws movement actuated by levers moved by a coaxial control rod using fluid-pressure means to actuate the gripping means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/8593Systems
    • Y10T137/86493Multi-way valve unit
    • Y10T137/86879Reciprocating valve unit
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/8593Systems
    • Y10T137/87917Flow path with serial valves and/or closures
    • Y10T137/87981Common actuator
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T279/00Chucks or sockets
    • Y10T279/12Chucks or sockets with fluid-pressure actuator
    • Y10T279/1274Radially reciprocating jaws
    • Y10T279/1291Fluid pressure moves jaws via mechanical connection
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T279/00Chucks or sockets
    • Y10T279/19Radially reciprocating jaws
    • Y10T279/1961Lever actuated
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/51Plural diverse manufacturing apparatus including means for metal shaping or assembling
    • Y10T29/5152Plural diverse manufacturing apparatus including means for metal shaping or assembling with turret mechanism
    • Y10T29/5154Plural diverse manufacturing apparatus including means for metal shaping or assembling with turret mechanism tool turret
    • Y10T29/5158Fluid operated

Description

Sept. 5, 1933. c w. OLSON 1,925,109
HYDRAULIC cn'qcx Filed July 27, 1931 2 Sheets-Sheet l Td j. 5
IN VEN TOR BY Mar/e5 7% 0/501? C M v CM 149 4 ATTORNEY Sept.
c. w. OLSON HYDRAULIC CHUCK Fi1ed July 27. 1931 2 Sheet s-Sheet 2 INVENTOI? V'C u/ A TTORNE Y Patented Sept. 5, 1933 4 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 1,925,100 mzmummc' onucx Charles W. Olson, Cleveland Heights, Ohio, as-
signor of one-hall to Harold A. Tomkins,
Jackson, Mich.
Application July 27; 1931. Serial No. 553,275
4 Claims. (01. 279 -4) construction and operation will appear from the description to follow.
Preferred embodiments of my invention are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in
20 which:
Fig. 1 is a detail assembly view partly diagrammatic of the chuck and accumulator shown in vertical central section.
Y Fig. 2 is a detail vertical longitudinal sectional view through the improved valve structure showing the relation of its ports and the connection oi the parts when closing the chuck.
Fig. 3 is a similar sectional view with the piston valve shown in full lines, the valve being shifted to the eduction position for drawing fluid or oil from the hydraulic cylinder to open the r chuck.
Fig. 4 is a modification of my invention in which the fluid is delivered to and from the cylinder through an axially disposed pipe with a stun!- ing box connection therein.
Fig. 5 isa modification in which the chuck and the actuating cylinder are provided as separate units.
40 The parts will be identified by their numerals of reference which are the same in allthe views. 1 is a chuck body of cylindrical form. It is provided with a i'ace plate 2 which carries the reciprocating chuck jaws 3, preferably three in number, one only being shown. The jaws are each actuated by a bell crank lever 4 having connections appearing in the patent to Hopkins, #1,'711,787, of May '7, 1929.
The chuck body is a hydraulic cylinder within which is disposed the cup-shaped piston 5 provided with suitable and usual hydraulic packing. The movable rockers 41 for the bell cranks 4 are carried by a forwardly projecting flange or cup wall oi the said piston 5 so that the reciprocation of the piston actuates the chuck jaws as will Objects pertaining to details and economies of be clearly and readily understood from an examination of Fig. 1.
Fluid; preferably oil, is supplied through conduit 6. A pump 7 delivers the same from a suitable supply connected at 8, the supply not so being shown. It may be a small tank of oil. The supply 8 delivers to the valve casing 9. An intake pipe 10 leads from the valve casing to the upper end 0! the pump 7 and the discharge pipe 11 delivers from the lower end of the pump. The passages-to and from the pump are controlled by the piston valve 12 in the cylinder 13 within the valve casing 9. Connection 14 is from the center 01' the valve casing at boss 141 and part 142 to the supply pipe 6, being connected thereto by a T-coupling 61.
The piston valve 12 is spool-shaped and hollow so that the fluid is delivered around and also through thepsame. The pipe 10 to the pump is connected to boss 101 on valve casing 9 and is supplied through port 102 in the valve cylinder 13. The discharge pipe 11 of the pump is connected to boss 111 and discharges to the cylinder 13 through part 112. The piston valve is controlled by lever 121 connected to the piston rod 122, as seen in Fig. 1.
To maintain the fluid pressure in the structure,
I provide what I call an accumulator. This consists of a vertical pipe 62 secured to the T-coupling 61 and extending a considerable distance above the same. A plunger 15 of small diameter is fltted within the vertical pipe 62 and is provided with a weight 16 which extends upwardly into a sleeve 161 which carries the said plunger 15 so that it can be readily reciprocated in the pipe 62. Removable weights 162 are provided so that the weight and pressure on the plunger 15 can be regulated and controlled tothe desired or required pressure.
I have thus described the details of my structure and its operation will be clear from an examination of the same.
The pump 7, preferably a rotary pump, operates continuously in one direction. When set as in Fig. 2 it draws fluid supply from the pipe 8 through the end of the valve casing 9, upwardly into supply pipe 10, past the port 102. It delivers this oil downwardly through discharge pipe 11, through port 112 into valve cylinder 13 which delivers downwardly through pipe 14 into the supply pipe 6, driving the piston 5 to the left an closing the jaws 3 01' the chuck.
The pressure elevates the plunger 15 which is urged downwardly by the weights thereon and thus maintains the pressure as desired. When no the work is done, by reversing the position of the valve 12 by throwing the lever inwardly, the valve will take the position indicated in Fig. 3. The pump then operating will draw oil up'through the port 102 from the central part of the spool of the piston and up through the port 143 in the lower side of the valve cylinder. This will rapidly withdraw the oil from the cylinder and the jaws of the chuck will be opened. The oil drawn in will be delivered downwardly through port 112 and through the center of the valve 12 out to the source of supply, so that by simply manipulating the valve 12 the piston of the chuck is controlled as desired.
In Fig. 4 in place of delivering the oil through a distributor, surrounding the adapter or other revolving parts, I deliver the same centrally through a pipe 17 providing a stuifing box 18 to permit the rotation of the parts.
In Fig. 5 I show the hydraulic cylinder as a separate unit, being in all details the same as that appearing in Fig. 1. The piston is provided with a draw bar or piston rod 19 which operates a chuck exactly comparable to the chuck illustrated in the said patent to Hopkins. It may be any suitable chuck for the purpose.
Having thus described my invention what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patcut is:
1. A hydraulic chuck structure, comprising a hydraulic chuck, a pump to inject and discharge fluid from the said chuck, an engine valve for reversing the flow oi the said pump to inject oi discharge the fluid from the said chuck, a vertical pipe connection to the said supply, and a weighted plunger in said pipe. r
2. A hydraulic chuck structure, comprising a chuck body with radially movable jaws thereon, a hydraulic cylinder to control the same, a pump to inject and discharge fluid from the said cylinder, an engine valve for reversing the flow of the said pump to inject or discharge the fluid from the said piston, a vertical pipe connection to the said supply, a plunger in the said pipe, and a weight with sleeve surrounding the said pipe to apply pressure to the said plunger to act as an accumulator.
3. A hydraulic chuck structure, comprising a chuck body with movable jaws thereon, a hydraulic cylinder to control the same, a pump to inject and discharge fluid from the pump, a vertical pipe connection to the supply, a plunger in the said pipe, and a weight to apply pressure to thesaid plunger to act as an accumulator. v
4. A hydraulic chuck structure, comprising a chuck body with movable jaws thereon, a hydraulic cylinder to control the same, a pump to inject and discharge fluid from the said cylinder, a valve for reversing the flow of the said pump, a pipe connectionto the supply, a plunger in the said pipe, and means to apply yielding pressure to the said plunger to act as an accumulator.
CHARLES W. OLSON.
US1925109D Hydraulic chuck Expired - Lifetime US1925109A (en)

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Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2457909A (en) * 1946-08-15 1949-01-04 William J A Mckay Hydraulic chuck
US2471285A (en) * 1944-11-08 1949-05-24 David Y Rice Valve
US2471725A (en) * 1946-08-07 1949-05-31 Walter B Clifford Mixing valve
US2477773A (en) * 1945-03-20 1949-08-02 Celanese Corp Chuck
US2496036A (en) * 1944-08-21 1950-01-31 Niels A Christensen Reversing valve
US2496489A (en) * 1944-11-08 1950-02-07 Stewart Warner Corp Hose reel
US2573403A (en) * 1948-08-02 1951-10-30 Union Mfg Co Fluid operated chuck
US2593531A (en) * 1944-11-03 1952-04-22 Wesley H Brown Valve mechanism
US2606736A (en) * 1947-08-07 1952-08-12 Keller Tool Co Push type reversing valve
US2733732A (en) * 1956-02-07 baker
US2814496A (en) * 1954-08-23 1957-11-26 Union Mfg Co Fluid actuated chuck
US2947144A (en) * 1957-08-19 1960-08-02 Pneu Hy Co Pneumatic hydraulic pumping apparatus
US3241847A (en) * 1960-03-30 1966-03-22 Taylor Wilson Mfg Co Apparatus for supporting and positioning a workpiece
US3249122A (en) * 1963-08-16 1966-05-03 Lambert W Fleckenstein Control valve for water softeners
US3482604A (en) * 1966-02-21 1969-12-09 Lambert W Fleckenstein Control valve with rotary actuation
US4270371A (en) * 1978-02-06 1981-06-02 Vdo Adolf Schindling Ag Device for unlocking and locking of doors, particularly of motor vehicle doors
US4591171A (en) * 1984-03-02 1986-05-27 Sheffer Collet Company Seal for air charging a chuck
US4877057A (en) * 1986-03-12 1989-10-31 Wormald, U.S. Inc. Pressure equalizing valve
US5406981A (en) * 1994-04-11 1995-04-18 Frederick; Charles V. Flow control for fluid circuits
WO1995021406A1 (en) * 1994-02-01 1995-08-10 Del Mar Scient Precision gas blender
WO1995021703A1 (en) * 1994-02-09 1995-08-17 Nordson Corporation Hot melt adhesive spray apparatus

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2733732A (en) * 1956-02-07 baker
US2496036A (en) * 1944-08-21 1950-01-31 Niels A Christensen Reversing valve
US2593531A (en) * 1944-11-03 1952-04-22 Wesley H Brown Valve mechanism
US2496489A (en) * 1944-11-08 1950-02-07 Stewart Warner Corp Hose reel
US2471285A (en) * 1944-11-08 1949-05-24 David Y Rice Valve
US2477773A (en) * 1945-03-20 1949-08-02 Celanese Corp Chuck
US2471725A (en) * 1946-08-07 1949-05-31 Walter B Clifford Mixing valve
US2457909A (en) * 1946-08-15 1949-01-04 William J A Mckay Hydraulic chuck
US2606736A (en) * 1947-08-07 1952-08-12 Keller Tool Co Push type reversing valve
US2573403A (en) * 1948-08-02 1951-10-30 Union Mfg Co Fluid operated chuck
US2814496A (en) * 1954-08-23 1957-11-26 Union Mfg Co Fluid actuated chuck
US2947144A (en) * 1957-08-19 1960-08-02 Pneu Hy Co Pneumatic hydraulic pumping apparatus
US3241847A (en) * 1960-03-30 1966-03-22 Taylor Wilson Mfg Co Apparatus for supporting and positioning a workpiece
US3249122A (en) * 1963-08-16 1966-05-03 Lambert W Fleckenstein Control valve for water softeners
US3482604A (en) * 1966-02-21 1969-12-09 Lambert W Fleckenstein Control valve with rotary actuation
US4270371A (en) * 1978-02-06 1981-06-02 Vdo Adolf Schindling Ag Device for unlocking and locking of doors, particularly of motor vehicle doors
US4591171A (en) * 1984-03-02 1986-05-27 Sheffer Collet Company Seal for air charging a chuck
US4877057A (en) * 1986-03-12 1989-10-31 Wormald, U.S. Inc. Pressure equalizing valve
WO1995021406A1 (en) * 1994-02-01 1995-08-10 Del Mar Scient Precision gas blender
US5540251A (en) * 1994-02-01 1996-07-30 Mayeaux; Paul H. Precision gas blender
WO1995021703A1 (en) * 1994-02-09 1995-08-17 Nordson Corporation Hot melt adhesive spray apparatus
US5458684A (en) * 1994-02-09 1995-10-17 Nordson Corporation Hot melt adhesive spray apparatus
US5406981A (en) * 1994-04-11 1995-04-18 Frederick; Charles V. Flow control for fluid circuits

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