US1924677A - Fabric and method of treating the same - Google Patents

Fabric and method of treating the same Download PDF

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Publication number
US1924677A
US1924677A US54636931A US1924677A US 1924677 A US1924677 A US 1924677A US 54636931 A US54636931 A US 54636931A US 1924677 A US1924677 A US 1924677A
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Prior art keywords
fabric
fibers
same
openings
composition
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Expired - Lifetime
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Cadgene Ernest
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Cadgene Ernest
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06CFINISHING, DRESSING, TENTERING OR STRETCHING TEXTILE FABRICS
    • D06C29/00Finishing or dressing, of textile fabrics, not provided for in the preceding groups
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T156/00Adhesive bonding and miscellaneous chemical manufacture
    • Y10T156/10Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor
    • Y10T156/1052Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor with cutting, punching, tearing or severing
    • Y10T156/1084Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor with cutting, punching, tearing or severing of continuous or running length bonded web
    • Y10T156/1085One web only
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24273Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.] including aperture
    • Y10T428/24322Composite web or sheet
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24802Discontinuous or differential coating, impregnation or bond [e.g., artwork, printing, retouched photograph, etc.]
    • Y10T428/2481Discontinuous or differential coating, impregnation or bond [e.g., artwork, printing, retouched photograph, etc.] including layer of mechanically interengaged strands, strand-portions or strand-like strips
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/8305Miscellaneous [e.g., treated surfaces, etc.]

Description

E. CADGENE 1,924,677

FABRIC AND METHOD OF TREATING THE SAME Aug. 29, 1933.

Filed June 23. 1931 f6 INVENTOR M {a ERNEST CADG NE BY WZ ATTORNEYS "'5 ance, particularly eyelet embroidery,the desired.

Patented Aug. 29, 1933 mnmo nimainon or FrREATiNGI'i'nE] SAME 1 H Ernest Cadgne, E nglewood Cliffs, ,NJJ.

- This invention relates to improvements in textile fabrics and the method of treating the same. An object of the invention is to produce a fabric which -will simulate embroidery in appeartion;

effect being accomplished by. the deposition of a decorative substance applied to said fabric'contiguous to af portion or portions thereof from" g which fibers comprising the fabric have'been removed. Another object resides in the formation of an opening or eyelet in a'fabric and the implanting of a decorative substance thereon around theedge of said opening so as to bind the fibers andthereby prevent fraying of thefabricp The aboveand other objects will appear more clearly from the following detailed description, when taken in' connection with the accompany ments of the inventive idea.

I In the drawing r r a V Figure 1 is a plan View illustrating one "form of fabric made in accordance with 'the inven Figure 2 is a section on thelinehZ-Z of Fig-f 1 Figure 3 is a plan view of anothenformyan' d Figure 4 is a similar view, partly broken away, of still another form." a

The terms eyelet and opening asmsedin the description and claims are employedtodesignate an opening where all the material is re moved, as shown in Figures 1 2, or where only part of the material is removed or'changed,

as in Figures 3 and 4. The desired sizefor'form. V e

'Irr its general aspects] the inventionicontemplates a fabric the appearance of which closely eyelets may be of anyorder to accomplish the decorative efiect of. such work, it is proposed to remove portions of the fibers constituting the fabric to simulate the eye-. lets of the embroidery, the bas-relief ornamentationof said embroidery being obtained by'applying a decorative composition of, any nature to the fabric in close proximity to the parts thereof from which the fibers have been removed.

'by said agent, or with said openings. I

The composition 7 may be composed of a glue, cellulose, or albumen solution, or may be aplas'- f The two steps of removing the fibers and applying the decorative substance maybe accomplished in either order of succession.

In Figure 1 there is shown a fabric5 made from any suitable fiber, such as cotton, silk, wool,

rayon and the like, and provided with openings 6 of desired configuration which, in combination ing drawing, which illustrates preferred embodi has been dried/and heated, following .which said 'fabricmaybe brushed 'or'washed to remove said resembles "that of-eyelet embroidery-work. and, in

with any suitable composition 7 applied around the edges of said openings, comprise a composite bas-relief ornamentation. The composition "7 is of such nature that, when implanted on the fabric contiguousto the edges of the, openings, it will bind theloose ends or the'fibers forming said edges and. thus prevent fraying of the material. The openings 6 of the present embodiment may-be formed .by removingf'the" fibers either through the use. of some well-known mechanical means, such as a punchyor byemploying an equally well known chemical destroying agent suitable-to the particular kind of fiber used in weaving the fabric. "Any known means of ap plyingthe chemical destroying agent may be em ployed, such as screens "or stencils, orb'y running the vfabric over an engravedroller. The'effect fabric is to produce carbonization of ,the fiber's which come in contact therewith after the fabric oftheapplication of the destroyingagent to the [:The' step'of depositing the composition'l on the 1 'fabricinvolves its application theretoin registry plied before the; destroying agentas'previously suggested,'said agent is imprinted on the fabric in registration with the ornamentation produced by said compositionso that only the fibers sur-.-

, rounded by the latter willbe destroyed; Any one of several known unethods of securing registration of the two componentsof the design may can be run through the machine shown in said patent to obtain the deposit thereon of the composition 7 in'registry with the portions affe cted tic substance such as used in the, well-known fioclgprinting process of the prior art.- "The latter substance is the one referred to in the ab'ove:

mentioned patent and is readily adapted for use,

in the present; method. It is of such a character 0o beusedjsuch as the one shown in United States,

tion of the destroying agent to the fabric, or'the formation of the openings therein, said fabric that when deposited upon the fabric it permeates the interstices thereof and being of a sticky naof ornamental effects. Having the quality of ad-' hesion also enables said substance to permanent 1y attach itself to the; fabric and securely bind together the fibers thereof and, when dried, forms a has-relief ornamentation which will closely simulate eyelet embroidery. After the application. of fabric is thoroughly dried andduring this process said substance hardens so that it becomes permanently affixed to the fabric and constitutes a binder which prevents fraying of the material around the eyelets. When a destroying agent is used to outline the openings 6, the fibers affected thereby carbonize during the drying and heating process and at the conclusion thereof are removed by washing or brushing the fabric.

As a specific example, a length of cotton fabric maybe passed over an engraved roller coated with. a fiber-destroying agent consisting of a gum solution containing about 375 grams per liter of aluminum-chloride. This solution acts toproduce theidesired pattern of eyelets'or openings. The fabric is then passed through a machine such as shown in the. above-mentioned Letters, Patent wherein, by. means of astencil, a

coating of varnish of suitable. thickness. is' ap- V plied tothe "fabric in registry with theportions has thereof previously treated with the destroying agent. While this varnish is, still wet a powder of any color, whichmay be made from metal or very. short, fibers of. cotton, silk, wool, or rayon, is deposited upon the..fabric.. This powder adheres to the parts. of the fabric which are coated with the varnish .and the remainder is shaken off, leavingthe desired pattern-of ,fiock on the'fabric. The material so treated is dried, heated and then brushed or washed to remove the fibers which have been affected by the destroying agent. The

result is acotton fabric with imitation eyelet embroidery in which the fiock composition consti tutes a binder about the edges of the eyeletsor openings to prevent fraying of the material.

Whenu'sing a fabric made of animal fibers,

such as pure silk or wool, orniixtures thereof,

. the fiber-destroying agent employed may be a gum solution containing about 500 grams per liter of caustic soda of a strength of 32 Baum; The ;remainder-of the treatment of the fabric is the same as described in the above example.

Another method of attaining the desired effect is'illustrated in Figure 3. f In this example, the

fabric 8 is'woven with at least two fibers of different characteristics, one of which is capable of said substance, the

if the otherfiber is to be destroyed, it may be' treated with an alkali solution. It will be appreciated, of course, that many other combinations of fibers may be employed, an important feature beingthat at least one of the fibers is modified.

The result of theforegoing treatment, is the formation of an opening 9 in the fabric across which extends the undestroyed fibers 10 which give an openwork or mesh effect instead of the unobstructed eyelet shown in Figures 1 and 2. The ornamentation of the fabric by the application of the composition 11, similar to the material 7, proceeds in the same manner as previously described.

In Figure 4 an effect is shown which ispractically the same as that illustrated in Figure 3,

but in this instance, two separate fabrics 12 and 13 0f different characteristics are used instead of the single fabric-comprising the interwoven contrasting fibers. The two fabrics 12 and 13 may be superimposed and secured together by a suitable adhesive preliminary to the treatment with the destroying agent which forms the openings l4 and leaves the undestroyed fibers 15 of one of the. fabrics extending across said openings. Again, a composition 16 like that previously described is deposited upon one of thefabrics in registry with the openings 14 and the nature of said composition'is such that it will pass through the interstices of said fabrics in the man- 'ner indicated in Figure 2,-and, upon drying, will act as a binder to firmly secure the fabrics to-,

gether. What is claimed is: 1

1. As a new article of manufacture, atextile' fabric in which fibers forming a portion thereof are removed, a decorative composition implanted on said fabric around said portion and combining therewith ,to simulate embroidery, and another fabric of a different characteristicfrom the first-named fabric secured thereto in-registry with said portion. 7 a 2. The method which comprises superimposing .two fabrics of different characteristics, binding said fabrics together with a. material whichwill pass through the interstices thereof, and applying a fiber-destroying agent contiguous to said material which will affect the fibers of only one of said fabrics. v

" ERNEST CADGENE.

US1924677A 1931-06-23 1931-06-23 Fabric and method of treating the same Expired - Lifetime US1924677A (en)

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4810559A (en) * 1987-04-09 1989-03-07 Drospo Inc. Fabric with wear and abrasion resistant platelets
US20100024089A1 (en) * 2008-08-01 2010-02-04 Nike, Inc. Apparel With Selectively Attachable And Detachable Elements
US20100024100A1 (en) * 2008-08-01 2010-02-04 Nike, Inc. Layered Apparel With Attachable And Detachable Elements
US8683618B2 (en) 2009-09-24 2014-04-01 Nike, Inc. Apparel incorporating a protective element
US8702895B2 (en) 2010-04-07 2014-04-22 Nike, Inc. Cushioning elements for apparel and other products and methods of manufacturing the cushioning elements
US8713719B2 (en) 2009-06-23 2014-05-06 Nike, Inc. Apparel incorporating a protective element and method of use
US8719965B2 (en) 2009-09-24 2014-05-13 Nike, Inc. Apparel incorporating a protective element
US8764931B2 (en) 2011-05-19 2014-07-01 Nike, Inc. Method of manufacturing cushioning elements for apparel and other products
US9149084B2 (en) 2009-06-23 2015-10-06 Nike, Inc. Apparel incorporating a protective element and method for making
US9386812B2 (en) 2011-07-25 2016-07-12 Nike, Inc. Articles of apparel incorporating cushioning elements
US9398779B2 (en) 2011-02-25 2016-07-26 Nike, Inc. Articles of apparel incorporating cushioning elements and methods of manufacturing the articles of apparel
US9505203B2 (en) 2010-11-30 2016-11-29 Nike, Inc. Method of manufacturing dye-sublimation printed elements
US9675122B2 (en) 2009-06-23 2017-06-13 Nike, Inc. Apparel incorporating a protective element
US10034498B2 (en) 2011-07-25 2018-07-31 Nike, Inc. Articles of apparel incorporating cushioning elements

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4810559A (en) * 1987-04-09 1989-03-07 Drospo Inc. Fabric with wear and abrasion resistant platelets
US20100024100A1 (en) * 2008-08-01 2010-02-04 Nike, Inc. Layered Apparel With Attachable And Detachable Elements
US20100024089A1 (en) * 2008-08-01 2010-02-04 Nike, Inc. Apparel With Selectively Attachable And Detachable Elements
US9675122B2 (en) 2009-06-23 2017-06-13 Nike, Inc. Apparel incorporating a protective element
US8713719B2 (en) 2009-06-23 2014-05-06 Nike, Inc. Apparel incorporating a protective element and method of use
US9149084B2 (en) 2009-06-23 2015-10-06 Nike, Inc. Apparel incorporating a protective element and method for making
US8683618B2 (en) 2009-09-24 2014-04-01 Nike, Inc. Apparel incorporating a protective element
US8719965B2 (en) 2009-09-24 2014-05-13 Nike, Inc. Apparel incorporating a protective element
US8702895B2 (en) 2010-04-07 2014-04-22 Nike, Inc. Cushioning elements for apparel and other products and methods of manufacturing the cushioning elements
US9505203B2 (en) 2010-11-30 2016-11-29 Nike, Inc. Method of manufacturing dye-sublimation printed elements
US9756884B2 (en) 2011-02-25 2017-09-12 Nike, Inc. Articles of apparel incorporating cushioning elements and methods of manufacturing the articles of apparel
US9398779B2 (en) 2011-02-25 2016-07-26 Nike, Inc. Articles of apparel incorporating cushioning elements and methods of manufacturing the articles of apparel
US8764931B2 (en) 2011-05-19 2014-07-01 Nike, Inc. Method of manufacturing cushioning elements for apparel and other products
US9386812B2 (en) 2011-07-25 2016-07-12 Nike, Inc. Articles of apparel incorporating cushioning elements
US10034498B2 (en) 2011-07-25 2018-07-31 Nike, Inc. Articles of apparel incorporating cushioning elements

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