US1897338A - Building construction - Google Patents

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US1897338A
US1897338A US396603A US39660329A US1897338A US 1897338 A US1897338 A US 1897338A US 396603 A US396603 A US 396603A US 39660329 A US39660329 A US 39660329A US 1897338 A US1897338 A US 1897338A
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slab
oxy
gypsum
chloride
nail
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US396603A
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Max Y Seaton
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CALIFORNIA CHEMICAL Corp
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CALIFORNIA CHEMICAL CORP
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/02Load-carrying floor structures formed substantially of prefabricated units
    • E04B5/10Load-carrying floor structures formed substantially of prefabricated units with metal beams or girders, e.g. with steel lattice girders

Description

Feb. 14, 1933. M Y. SEATON 1,897,338
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed Oct... 2, 1929 if i 1 INVENTOR.
A TTORNE Patented Feb. 14, 1933 UNITED STATES PATENTi; OFFICE MAX Y. SEATON, OF PORTERVILLE, CALIFORNIA, ASSIGNOR TO CALIFORNIA CHEMICAL CORPORATION, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, A CORPORATION OF ILLINOIS BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Application filed October 2,
In building construction a growing tendency is noted to the use of precast slabs of material, such as gypsum, in the construction of floors and roofs. These precast slabs are usually supported by suitable framework and may contain inserted steel reinforclng where a considerable load is to be carried, as in the case of floor construction.
In floor construction, after the slab has 1 been laid on the supporting walls or'steel framework, it is necessary to provide some sort of a flooring surface. Sometimes a normal concrete mix is poured on the surface of the gypsum slab and finished by trowelling to give a hard finish floor. More frequently in this type of construction, however, wood screeds approximately two inches thick and two to three inches wide are laid on the surface of the gypsum slabs and the spaces between such screeds are filled with a lean concrete mixture, ordinarily cinder concrete being employed. As this concrete sets it serves to support the screeds firmly in place and these screeds then serve as sleepers on which a final wood floor is nailed. This practice has the objection that it substantially adds to the weight of the floor without at all increasing the load-bearing strength of the floor. The cinder concrete has no effect from the loadcarrying standpoint, being simply so much added dead weight. By making a composite slab, the major portion of which is of gypsum or like material as usual and attaching a nailpenetrable layer thereto, said layer composed of an oxy-chloride cement mixture of preferably three-quarters of an inch to one inch in thickness, a nail-penetrable floor surface will be attained without the addition of any dead load.
It is an object of my invention to provide a. composite slab construction which shall have none of the undesirable features of the floor construction above referred to and still have a nailing surface throughout so that a suitable finishing floor surface of any desirable type can be nailed thereto. It is a further object of my invention to provide a building construction for floors and roofs consisting of a number of precast slabs so that when such slabs are laid in place a 1929. Serial No. 396,603.
smooth surface is presented to receive the wearing surface usually laid upon such floors, Other objects of my invention will appear as the description proceeds. To the accomplishment of the foregoing and related ends,
said invention, then, consists of the means hereinafter fully described and particularly pointed out in the claims.
The annexed drawing and the following description set forth in detail certain mechanism embodying the invention, such disclosed means constituting, however, but one of various mechanical forms in which the principle of the invention may be used. I
In said annexed drawing: I Fig. 1 is'an isometric perspective view of a precast slab showing the nailing surface and reinforcing means; Fig. 2 is a fragmentary sectional view of a plurality of precast slabs supported by suitable framework; and Fig. 3 is a sectional view of a precast slab showing one type of interlocking means.
Referring more specifically to the drawing and especially to Fig. 1, the precast slab 1 of the usual type made of gypsum or like material is shown with its upper surface serrated by dovetailed interlocking grooves 2, said slab 1 also having embedded therein suitable reinforcing means 3. The ends of the slab 1 are notched as shown at 4 so that when such slabs are laid upon the supporting steel work 5 the notches 4 will be adjacent each other and provide a recess within whichthe ends 6 of the reinforcing means 3 may be suitably joined. After adjacentslabs have been laid in place and the ends 6 of the reinforcing means 3 united within the recesses formed by the notches 4, these recesses may then be filled with oXy-chloride cement or other suitable material so as to present a level surface to the floor throughout. If the character of the reinforcing means is such that the ends 6 cannot be suitably united in the space afforded by the thickness of the layer of magnesium oxy-chloride cement mixture, the notches 4 can be formed deeper so as to extend into the body of the gypsum slab.
As. before set forth, precast slabs-'composed usually of gypsum or like material have ordovetailed grooves. After setting. a comthe undesirable feature that a finished floor surface cannot be nailed thereto directly with any degree of security. In the slab shown in Figs. 2 and 3, the upper surface of this slab is covered with. an oxy-cement mixture, preferably oxy-chloride. This oxy-cement mixture adheres to the slab surface and presents a suitable nailing surface to receive the finished floor. The slab 1 may have machined or otherwise formed in its surface a series of' slanting or perhaps dovetailed grooves shown at 7 and 8, respectively, in Figs. 2 and 3, these interlocking grooves assisting in securing the nail-penetrable surface orlayer to the precast slab. Oxy-chloride cement will adhere inquite satisfactory fashion to the surface of a gypsum slab which is only normally rough without the intermediary of any interlocking grooves. However, if the oxy-chloride cement mixture is to be applied directly to the gpysum, it will first be neces:
sary to'wet. the gypsum thoroughly to prevent suction effects and accordingly the composite slab willjrequire a long time for drying. Furthermore, in the after use of the compositeslab it' may on occasion be very desirable to have what might be considered as a suction barrier interposed between the oxy-chloride mixtureffacing and the gypsum body. A suitable suction barrier is provided bylightly coating the gypsum slab with a bituminous material such as asphalt, as shown at 9 inFig. 2 and Fig. 3 Then to the slab, either while the asphalt-is fresh or after it has dried, a mixture of magnesium oxide, e. g;, burned magnesite, sawdust or other form of woody material and'suitable additional aggregates all mixed to a plastic consistency with a magnesium chloride solution of suitable strength will be applied. The thickness of the added coating will vary according to the nail holding properties desired. This added coating may be mechanically held to the face of the gypsum slab by the slanting posite slab will result having the properties desired. Unless strictly mechanical methods of attachment are providedwhen the asphalt coating is used, it is normal experience that although satisfactory initial attachment will be obtained, the asphalt will eventually become dry and brittle and allow of parting between the oxy-chloride layer and the gypsum body.
In roof constructiomsuch a composite slab can be laid in normal fashion and slate, tile or other types of roofingcan be nailed directly thereto. When a normal gypsum slab isused in roof practice it"must' either be coated with a nailabl'ecomposition of some sort or provision must be made'to support wood nailing members on the gypsum slab, gypsum itself holding nails only in inferior fashion. WVhen'such a composite slab is used in floor construction, difliculty may be entachment of woodrflooring. The final level- 1ng up canbe (lOIIG'GItlIBI' byuse of an oxy-' chloride nailable composition similar to the one already present on the face of the slabs applied in plastic form in the field and serving tofill up all hollows, or, if desired, such a material as gypsum itself can be used for this leveling up. This layer will be relatively thin and nails will readily penetrate through it engaging the oxy-chloride' nailpenetrable layer and thus beheld in position in satisfactory fashion.
The asphalt coating which is interposed between the 'oxy-chloride nail-penetrable lay-- er and the gypsum body of the block functions particularly advantageously: as a suction barrier when-theleveling coat of either oxy-chloride mixture or of gypsum mix is applied to the surface of the floor. If no suction barrier were present it would be necessary to rathenextensivel-y wetthe floor in order thattlie topping might set in proper fashion. T When the asphalt suction barrier is present, however, suction effects are confined to the relatively thin oxy-chloride nailpenetrable layer and accordingly no particular preliminary preparation of the slab by prolonged wetting is. necessary.
Other modes of applying the principle of my invention may be' employed instead of the one explainechchange being made as regards the mechanism herein disclosed, proyided the means stated by any of the followlngclaims or the equivalentof such stated means be employed.
I therefore particularly point out and distinctly claim as my invention:
1. Asan article of manufacture for use in building -construction, a precast slab formed of material unsuited for? nailing, said'slab having a bituminous coating on one face and attached to such face a layer composed of a nail-penetrable magnesium oxychloride cement mixture.
2.- As an article of manufacture for use in building construction, a precast slab formed of material unsuited for nailin having an asphalt coating on one face and attached to such face a layer composed of a nail-penetrable magnesium oxy-chloride cement mixture;
3. As an article of manufacture foruse in building construction, a precast slab formed .of material unsuited for nailing, said slab having one face formed with dovetailed grooves, a coating OfbltilIDlIlOIlS material on-said face, and having attached to such face g, said slab a layer composed of a nail-penetrable magnesium oxy-chloride cement mixture.
l. As an article of manufacture for use in building construction, a precast slab formed of material unsuited for nailing, said slab having one face formed with slanting grooves, a coating of bituminous material on said face, and having attached to such face a layer composed of a nail-penetrable magnesium oxy-chloride cement mixture.
5. As an article of manufacture for use in building construction, a precast slab formed of a material unsuited for nailing, and having attached to one face a layer composed of a nail-penetrable magnesium oxychloride cement mixture, said layer leaving exposed margins of slab.
6. As an article of manufacture for use in building construction, a precast slab formed of a material unsuited for nailing, said slab havin attached to one face a layer composed of a nail-penetrable magnesium oxy-chloride cement mixture leaving end recesses, and reinforcing means embedded in said slab and extending into such recesses.
7. In building construction, the combination of a plurality of slabs of a material unsuited for nailing precast with a facing layer of a nail-penetrable magnesium oxy-cement mixture and having the seams also covered with cement.
8. In building construction, the combination of a plurality of precast slabs formed of a material unsuited for nailing, a bituminous coating on said slabs, and a layer composed of a nail-penetrable magnesium oxy-chloride cement mixture attached to such slabs.
9. In building construction, the combination of a plurality of precast slabs formed of a material unsuited for nailing, and having a facing of a nail-penetrable magnesium 0xy-chl0ride cement mixture attached, said slabs having their adjacent edges notched, and a nail-penetrable magnesium oxy-chloride cement mixture filling such notches. A
10. In building construction, the combination of a plurality of precast slabs formed of a material unsuited for nailing, and having a facing of a nail-penetrable magnesium oxychloride cement mixture, said slabs having their adjacent edges notched, reinforcing means embedded in said slabs, said reinforcing means joined in such notches, and a nailpenetrable magnesium oxy-chloride cement mixture filling such notches.
11. As an article of manufacture for use in building construction, a slab of body material unsuited for nailing, precast With a facing of a nail-penetrable cement mixture, such nail-penetrable facing terminating short of the ends of the slab to leave recesses exposing the body material.
12. As an article of manufacture for use 1n building constructlon, a precast slab formed of a body material unsuited for nailing, and having attached to one face a layer of nail-penetrable material terminating short of the ends of the slab to leave recesses,
and metal reinforcing means embedded in the MAX Y. SEATON.
US396603A 1929-10-02 1929-10-02 Building construction Expired - Lifetime US1897338A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2639607A (en) * 1949-10-03 1953-05-26 Charles L Sanford Preformed tile and beam floor construction
US20130008104A1 (en) * 2009-10-02 2013-01-10 Michele Caboni Building construction for making transpirable walls and floors
US10988931B1 (en) * 2013-10-25 2021-04-27 Mbrico, Llc Tile and support structure

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2639607A (en) * 1949-10-03 1953-05-26 Charles L Sanford Preformed tile and beam floor construction
US20130008104A1 (en) * 2009-10-02 2013-01-10 Michele Caboni Building construction for making transpirable walls and floors
US10988931B1 (en) * 2013-10-25 2021-04-27 Mbrico, Llc Tile and support structure

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