US1873160A - Breathing apparatus - Google Patents

Breathing apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
US1873160A
US1873160A US338527A US33852729A US1873160A US 1873160 A US1873160 A US 1873160A US 338527 A US338527 A US 338527A US 33852729 A US33852729 A US 33852729A US 1873160 A US1873160 A US 1873160A
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United States
Prior art keywords
apparatus
chamber
mouth
nostril
members
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Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US338527A
Inventor
Harold V Sturtevant
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Harold V Sturtevant
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Application filed by Harold V Sturtevant filed Critical Harold V Sturtevant
Priority to US338527A priority Critical patent/US1873160A/en
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Publication of US1873160A publication Critical patent/US1873160A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/04Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/0488Mouthpieces; Means for guiding, securing or introducing the tubes
    • A61M16/049Mouthpieces
    • A61M16/0493Mouthpieces with means for protecting the tube from damage caused by the patient's teeth, e.g. bite block
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M15/00Inhalators
    • A61M15/0091Inhalators mechanically breath-triggered
    • A61M15/0098Activated by exhalation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • A61M16/0666Nasal cannulas or tubing
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/10Preparation of respiratory gases or vapours
    • A61M16/105Filters
    • A61M16/106Filters in a path
    • A61M16/107Filters in a path in the inspiratory path
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/04Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/0488Mouthpieces; Means for guiding, securing or introducing the tubes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/10Preparation of respiratory gases or vapours
    • A61M16/14Preparation of respiratory gases or vapours by mixing different fluids, one of them being in a liquid phase
    • A61M16/16Devices to humidify the respiration air
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2210/00Anatomical parts of the body
    • A61M2210/06Head
    • A61M2210/0625Mouth

Description

8- 23, 1932- H. v. STURTEVANT BREATHING APPARATUS Filed Feb. 8. 1929 gwuantoz /7f K S/u "fe 1 4/726.

dumm

Patented Aug. 23, 1932 UNirEo STATES PATENT oFF c HAROLD V. STURTEVAINT, OF SCRANT ON, PENNSYLVANIA V BREATHING ArrARA'rUs This invention relates to improvements in respiratory apparatus and more particularly to breathing apparatus'which shall facilitate breathing in an atmosphere where excessive fidust, and dangerous or noxious gases are present. 7

V The present invention contemplates a breathing apparatus particularly adapted for use by miners and other persons requirld fing an apparatus which shall permit the user long tubes which frequently become entan-,

gled and cause considerable annoyance to j the workman.

The object of this invention is to provide a uniting respiratory apparatus comprising a valve controlled air chamber and filter receptacle which shall be supported entirely by the mouth of the wearer.

Another object of the invention is to provide a respiratory apparatus of the character designated having nostril engaging tubes which shall be adjustable to comfortably engage the walls of the nostrils when the apparatus is in use.

A further object of the invention is to provide a respiratory apparatus of the character designated. which shall be simple 1n construction, light in weight, and more efficient in operation than similar apparatus heretofore employed.

These and other objects of the invention will be more manifest from the following specification and description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing and specifically set forth in the claims.

' In the drawing:

Figure 1 is a view in elevation of'a respirator embodying the invention;

Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view of therespirator shown in Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a front view of the apparatus shown in Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is an enlarged sectional view showing a portion of the oval shape nostril tube;

Application filed February 8, 1929. Serial N'o. 338,527.

Fig. his a fragmentary view showing an enlarged section of the nostril tube and Fig. 6 is asimilar'view on the minor axis ofFig. &. i I 7 Referring to Figures 1 and 2 of the draw-f ing there is shown a breathing apparatus embodying improvements constructed in accordance with the present invention. The breathing apparatus showncomprises a substantially cylindrical air chamber 10 of light metallic material which istapered at oneend to forma mouth portion 11. This mouth portion is covered with a removable mouth en gaging member 12 which is made of any suitable yieldable material such as rubber. The

mouth piece is provided with an outwardly projecting oblong flange 13 adapted to form a wall which shall extend between the lips and teeth and thereby effectively seal the mouth against the ingress of any air around the mouth piece and serve to assist in supporting the apparatus when in use. The mouth piece and its associated'fiange is proportioned so that it shall comfortably fit the mouth and be securely graspedbetween' the teeth- The. entire breathing apparatusis supportedby the mouth withoutthe aid ofany other head straps or bandage heretofore employed for such apparatus. 1 l

The chamber 10 is provided with air inlet and discharged valves 14 and'15. The inlet valve ltis locatedrwithin the chamber 12 so as to form a saliva reservoir as set forth in my 'copending applicationserial No. 296,681 filed August 1, 1928, The opposite end of the chamber is closed by a cap 16 provided with a saliva drain valve 17 which maybe i manually operated to drain the chamber. when excess saliva shall accumulate. In the present embodimentof the invention a filter bag 18 is attached directly to the chamber by mouth piece, when the apparatus is inuse. P

The chamber 10 is also provided with two tubi'ilar lostril'members 20'and 21 constructed and arranged in accordance with the presnostrils.

its wall folded so as to provide an inflatable annular portionu23 at the inner extremity thereof adapted to engage the nostrils. The

walls of this annular portion are -mad-eoflight rubber so as to be readily yieldable and comfortably fit the nostrils when" the walls are inflated- The flexible tubes-21 and 22 are connected to chamber 10 by' nipples, 20 and .21- which permit the length of thetubes to be changed so as to provide for diife'rencesin ,facial, dimensions of the persoir. Tli'einner extremities of the nostril members are pro v ded with light metalllc annular forming members 23 which serve tostiffen thatpors.

tion of the members engagingthe walls oft-he The inflated ringis supplied with air from asource of supply'indi'cated by bulb 25connected-with a branch 24, which extends into the-nostril members-and then connects with theannular space 23 through the insidewall thereof. Thls arrangement removes all .connections and attachments fromthe vicinity'of the nostrils so that the vapparatus. may,be

worn with greater ease and comfort. supplyis maintained at a desired constant and uniform pressure by; an adjustingdevice 26jconveniently located on thewalls ofthe chamber 10. The supply bulb. is secured in; position bya screw clamp 26"which may be conveniently adjustedwhen the respiratorlis 1 positioned for use so as .to .eXertany desired air pressure on; the inflatable portion and thus vary the size thereof to comfortably engage the nostril walls and effectively seal the nostrils against the ingress of any air.

A respirator embodying the improvements herein. described provides a breathmg apparatuswhich effectively seals the mouthiand nostrils from the ingress of any outside air,

. except that whichpasses throughthe apparatus. By providing nostril'members having inflatable walls, the size of the members may beadjusted tofit any size.nostril,'so'that the apparatus may be worn with the maximum amount of ease and comfort.

Another important feature of the improved respirator'is that the filter receptacle is car ried directly by the mouth piece. This ar rangement obviates the necessity of long and cumbersomeitubes for connecting them'outh piece with? the filter receptacle twhich is 'fre quently attached-tothe back-of the person. The presence of the tubes is-frequently ja sourceof great annoyance to the wearer,- par- .ticularly to a workmansuch as a-miner, who,

The air;

is required to work in precarious places and under unfavorable posltions about the mine. While there is shown and descrlbed a pre-.

ferred embodiment of the invention, itJis obvious that various changes may be made therein without departing from the scope of the invention as set forth in the claims.

hat is claimed is: 1. A respiratorcomprising a horizontally disposed cylindrical air chamber having a reduced end portion adapted to form a mouth p ece, valye controlled air inlet and dlscharge passages in the chamber, nostril tubes connected 'to said chamber, inflatable members surrounding the extremity of said nostrilmembersand manually operated means mounted on the mouth piece for inflating said members to fit the nasal passages of the nostrils. r

2. In a respirator, a horizontally disposed air chamber having a reduced end portion.

adapted to form a mouth portion, a mouth piece removably connected to said mouth,

members located in said chamber, a'filt'e'r receptacle connected to said inlet valve and supported by thechamber, nostril tubes yieldably connected to said chamber, said tubes having inflatable endwallportions and manually operated means mounted, on the mouth piece for inflating said end wall portions to change the size thereof to fit the nostrils when the respirator is held in position by the mouth .piece.

In testimony whereofl affix my signature.

HAROLD V. STURTEVANT.

. portionand adapted toform a'supportfor the respirator, air inlet and discharge-valve

US338527A 1929-02-08 1929-02-08 Breathing apparatus Expired - Lifetime US1873160A (en)

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Cited By (44)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4305387A (en) * 1978-03-17 1981-12-15 Societe Technique Pour L'industrie Nouvelle Device for providing artificial respiration to patients
US4667667A (en) * 1984-10-11 1987-05-26 Dr/a/ gerwerk AG Protective helmet having nose passage closure elements
US5005571A (en) * 1988-11-25 1991-04-09 Dietz Henry G Mouth nose mask for use with an inhalation therapy and/or breathing monitoring apparatus
EP0673265A4 (en) * 1990-03-27 1993-05-11 Steven J Derrick Apparatus and method for respired gas collection.
US5269756A (en) * 1992-11-13 1993-12-14 Medicpro Inc. Irrigation apparatus and method for suction catheters
EP0634186A2 (en) * 1993-06-18 1995-01-18 Rescare Limited Facial breathing mask
EP0768095A2 (en) * 1995-10-13 1997-04-16 Siemens Elema AB Tracheal tube and device for ventilator systems
WO2000051672A1 (en) * 1999-03-03 2000-09-08 Optinose As Nasal delivery device
WO2001024859A1 (en) * 1999-10-01 2001-04-12 Evergreen Medical, Inc. Ventilation system during guided insertion of an endotracheal tube
US6405725B1 (en) 1996-02-26 2002-06-18 Evergreen Medical, Inc. Method and apparatus for ventilation/oxygenation during guided insertion of an endotracheal tube
US6471621B2 (en) * 1997-10-09 2002-10-29 Ballon-Müller AG Method of treatment of groups of muscles in an orofacial region by using an inflatable rubber balloon as logopedic aid
US20030047185A1 (en) * 2001-09-13 2003-03-13 Olsen Gregory James Breathing assistance apparatus
US6543446B1 (en) 1996-02-26 2003-04-08 Evergreen Medical Incorporated Method and apparatus for ventilation/oxygenation during guided insertion of an endotracheal tube
US6568388B2 (en) 1996-02-26 2003-05-27 Evergreen Medical Incorporated Method and apparatus for ventilation / oxygenation during guided insertion of an endotracheal tube
EP1399203A1 (en) * 2001-06-12 2004-03-24 Optinose AS Nasal drug delivery devices
US20040103899A1 (en) * 1998-10-30 2004-06-03 James Noble Nasal gas delivery system and method for use thereof
US6863069B2 (en) * 2000-03-13 2005-03-08 Innomed Technologies, Inc. Nasal ventilation interface
WO2005063328A1 (en) 2003-12-31 2005-07-14 Resmed Ltd Compact oronasal patient interface
US20060283461A1 (en) * 2004-12-24 2006-12-21 Resmed Limited Mask system
WO2007025329A1 (en) 2005-08-29 2007-03-08 Resmed Ltd Mouth seal assembly for nasal mask system
US20080223363A1 (en) * 1999-03-03 2008-09-18 Optinose As Nasal Delivery Devices
US20090017431A1 (en) * 2007-07-10 2009-01-15 Timothy Adams Heimlich or abdominal thrust maneuver teaching aid for choking relief or rescue
ITBO20090755A1 (en) * 2009-11-19 2011-05-20 Giorgio Mezzoli Device designed to be administered nasally and / or buccal administration the solutions in the form of aerosol, micronized douche or spraying.
US7958893B2 (en) 2001-09-07 2011-06-14 Resmed Limited Cushion for a respiratory mask assembly
US20110203591A1 (en) * 2010-02-19 2011-08-25 Resmed Limited Supplemental gas delivery device for mask assembly
US8291906B2 (en) 2008-06-04 2012-10-23 Resmed Limited Patient interface systems
US8297285B2 (en) 2006-07-28 2012-10-30 Resmed Limited Delivery of respiratory therapy
US8485192B2 (en) 2005-01-12 2013-07-16 Resmed Limited Cushion for patient interface
US8517023B2 (en) 2007-01-30 2013-08-27 Resmed Limited Mask system with interchangeable headgear connectors
US8522784B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2013-09-03 Resmed Limited Mask system
US8807135B2 (en) 2004-06-03 2014-08-19 Resmed Limited Cushion for a patient interface
US8869797B2 (en) 2007-04-19 2014-10-28 Resmed Limited Cushion and cushion to frame assembly mechanism for patient interface
US8869798B2 (en) 2008-09-12 2014-10-28 Resmed Limited Foam-based interfacing structure method and apparatus
US8905031B2 (en) 2008-06-04 2014-12-09 Resmed Limited Patient interface systems
US8944061B2 (en) 2005-10-14 2015-02-03 Resmed Limited Cushion to frame assembly mechanism
US9162034B2 (en) 2006-07-28 2015-10-20 Resmed Limited Delivery of respiratory therapy
US9381316B2 (en) 2005-10-25 2016-07-05 Resmed Limited Interchangeable mask assembly
US9399105B2 (en) 2009-04-03 2016-07-26 Resmed Limited Mask system
US9480809B2 (en) 2007-07-30 2016-11-01 Resmed Limited Patient interface
US20160346495A1 (en) * 2013-07-17 2016-12-01 Upods, Llc Gas Delivery Device
WO2018031278A1 (en) * 2016-08-12 2018-02-15 Upods, Llc Gas delivery device
US9987450B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2018-06-05 Resmed Limited Interface including a foam cushioning element
US10166357B2 (en) 2006-12-15 2019-01-01 Resmed Limited Delivery of respiratory therapy with nasal interface
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Cited By (125)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4305387A (en) * 1978-03-17 1981-12-15 Societe Technique Pour L'industrie Nouvelle Device for providing artificial respiration to patients
US4667667A (en) * 1984-10-11 1987-05-26 Dr/a/ gerwerk AG Protective helmet having nose passage closure elements
US5005571A (en) * 1988-11-25 1991-04-09 Dietz Henry G Mouth nose mask for use with an inhalation therapy and/or breathing monitoring apparatus
EP0673265A4 (en) * 1990-03-27 1993-05-11 Steven J Derrick Apparatus and method for respired gas collection.
EP0673265A1 (en) * 1990-03-27 1995-09-27 DERRICK, Steven J. Apparatus and method for respired gas collection
US5269756A (en) * 1992-11-13 1993-12-14 Medicpro Inc. Irrigation apparatus and method for suction catheters
US6123071A (en) * 1993-06-18 2000-09-26 Resmed Limited Facial masks for assisted respiration or CPAP
EP0634186A3 (en) * 1993-06-18 1995-04-12 Rescare Ltd Facial breathing mask.
US5560354A (en) * 1993-06-18 1996-10-01 Rescare Limited Facial masks for assisted respiration or CPAP
EP0634186A2 (en) * 1993-06-18 1995-01-18 Rescare Limited Facial breathing mask
EP0768095A2 (en) * 1995-10-13 1997-04-16 Siemens Elema AB Tracheal tube and device for ventilator systems
EP0768095A3 (en) * 1995-10-13 1997-08-13 Siemens Elema Ab Tracheal tube and device for ventilator systems
US6568388B2 (en) 1996-02-26 2003-05-27 Evergreen Medical Incorporated Method and apparatus for ventilation / oxygenation during guided insertion of an endotracheal tube
US6631713B1 (en) 1996-02-26 2003-10-14 Evergreen Medical Incorporated Method and apparatus for ventilation/oxygenation during guided insertion of an endotracheal tube
US6405725B1 (en) 1996-02-26 2002-06-18 Evergreen Medical, Inc. Method and apparatus for ventilation/oxygenation during guided insertion of an endotracheal tube
US6543446B1 (en) 1996-02-26 2003-04-08 Evergreen Medical Incorporated Method and apparatus for ventilation/oxygenation during guided insertion of an endotracheal tube
US6471621B2 (en) * 1997-10-09 2002-10-29 Ballon-Müller AG Method of treatment of groups of muscles in an orofacial region by using an inflatable rubber balloon as logopedic aid
US20040103899A1 (en) * 1998-10-30 2004-06-03 James Noble Nasal gas delivery system and method for use thereof
US6848446B2 (en) * 1998-10-30 2005-02-01 Linda Noble Nasal gas delivery system and method for use thereof
US20060225732A1 (en) * 1999-03-03 2006-10-12 Djupesland Per G Nasal delivery device
US9119932B2 (en) 1999-03-03 2015-09-01 Optinose As Nasal delivery device
US8555877B2 (en) 1999-03-03 2013-10-15 Optinose As Nasal delivery device
US6715485B1 (en) 1999-03-03 2004-04-06 Optinose As Nasal delivery device
EP1180378A3 (en) * 1999-03-03 2002-02-27 Optinose AS Nasal delivery device
WO2000051672A1 (en) * 1999-03-03 2000-09-08 Optinose As Nasal delivery device
US20040182388A1 (en) * 1999-03-03 2004-09-23 Djupesland Per Gisle Nasal delivery method
US8327844B2 (en) 1999-03-03 2012-12-11 Optinose As Nasal delivery method
US8555878B2 (en) 1999-03-03 2013-10-15 Optinose As Nasal delivery device
US20080223363A1 (en) * 1999-03-03 2008-09-18 Optinose As Nasal Delivery Devices
US20060231094A1 (en) * 1999-03-03 2006-10-19 Djupesland Per G Nasal delivery device
EP1555038A2 (en) 1999-03-03 2005-07-20 Optinose AS Nasal delivery device
EP1555038A3 (en) * 1999-03-03 2006-05-10 Optinose AS Nasal delivery device
US20060219241A1 (en) * 1999-03-03 2006-10-05 Djupesland Per G Nasal delivery device
US20060219240A1 (en) * 1999-03-03 2006-10-05 Djupesland Per G Nasal delivery device
US9072857B2 (en) 1999-03-03 2015-07-07 Optinose As Nasal delivery device
WO2001024859A1 (en) * 1999-10-01 2001-04-12 Evergreen Medical, Inc. Ventilation system during guided insertion of an endotracheal tube
US6863069B2 (en) * 2000-03-13 2005-03-08 Innomed Technologies, Inc. Nasal ventilation interface
EP1399203A1 (en) * 2001-06-12 2004-03-24 Optinose AS Nasal drug delivery devices
EP3100757A1 (en) * 2001-06-12 2016-12-07 Optinose AS Nasal devices
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US9205208B2 (en) * 2001-06-12 2015-12-08 Optinose As Nasal devices
US20120006323A1 (en) * 2001-06-12 2012-01-12 Optinose As Nasal devices
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US7905232B2 (en) 2001-09-13 2011-03-15 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Breathing assistance apparatus
US20030047185A1 (en) * 2001-09-13 2003-03-13 Olsen Gregory James Breathing assistance apparatus
EP1425060A1 (en) * 2001-09-13 2004-06-09 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Breathing assistance apparatus
EP1425060A4 (en) * 2001-09-13 2005-02-02 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Ltd Breathing assistance apparatus
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US9220860B2 (en) 2003-12-31 2015-12-29 Resmed Limited Compact oronasal patient interface
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US20070186930A1 (en) * 2003-12-31 2007-08-16 Resmed Limited Compact oronasal patient interface
US20070144525A1 (en) * 2003-12-31 2007-06-28 Resmed Limited Compact oronasal patient interface
US20060237017A1 (en) * 2003-12-31 2006-10-26 Resmed Limited Compact oronasal patient interface
US9067033B2 (en) 2003-12-31 2015-06-30 Resmed Limited Compact oronasal patient interface
US7708017B2 (en) 2003-12-31 2010-05-04 Resmed Limited Compact oronasal patient interface
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