US1870147A - Illuminating device - Google Patents

Illuminating device Download PDF

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Publication number
US1870147A
US1870147A US527307A US52730731A US1870147A US 1870147 A US1870147 A US 1870147A US 527307 A US527307 A US 527307A US 52730731 A US52730731 A US 52730731A US 1870147 A US1870147 A US 1870147A
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Prior art keywords
tubing
illuminating
reflecter
glass
luminous
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Expired - Lifetime
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US527307A
Inventor
Emanuel C Smally
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Emanuel C Smally
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Priority to US527307A priority Critical patent/US1870147A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01JELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
    • H01J61/00Gas-discharge or vapour-discharge lamps
    • H01J61/02Details
    • H01J61/30Vessels; Containers
    • H01J61/305Flat vessels or containers
    • H01J61/307Flat vessels or containers with folded elongated discharge path
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01JELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
    • H01J61/00Gas-discharge or vapour-discharge lamps
    • H01J61/02Details
    • H01J61/30Vessels; Containers
    • H01J61/32Special longitudinal shape, e.g. for advertising purposes
    • H01J61/327"Compact"-lamps, i.e. lamps having a folded discharge path

Description

1932- E. c. SMALLY 1,870,147

ILLUMINATING DEVICE Filed A m 2'; 1931 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Aug. 2, 1932- E. c. SMALLY ILLUMINATING DEVICE Filed April 2, 1931 '2. Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Aug. 19 32 PATENT oFFlc EMANUEL C. SHALLY, OF CANTON, OHIQ rnnumrarme nnvron Application filed April 2,

This invention pertains to improvements in illuminating devices and appliances in which a continuous luminous tube is employed for the purpose of materially increasing the brilliancy and illuminating qualities in connection with illuminated signs, trailic lights, display, decorative, and all other purposes for which this device or appliance may be utilized or employed as an illuminating re or lighting source.

The prime object of this invention is to so construct my improved illuminating device that it will serve to maintain and create a reatly increased illuminating power and 1% hrilliancy over and. above the ordinary illuminating device now usually employed.

Another object of the invention is to provide an illuminating device of any desired shape or contour forming a single unit, and

all composed of a luminous glass tube with a glass reflector having a silvered outer surface, said reflector being integrally secured or united to said tube.

N A further object of the invention is to so form an illuminating device from a continuous tube of luminous glass adapted to contain a suitable illuminary means, such as neon gas, or other illuminating gases, having each terminal end portion of said tube united by a single socket member.

The foregoing and such other objects as may appear from the ensuing description are accomplished by the construction, arrangement, location and combination of the several parts hereinafter more fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and particularly pointed out in the cla'ms appended hereto, it being understood that slight changes in the precise shape, proportions and minor details of the construction may be resorted to without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of the invention.

In the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specification it will be seen'that:

Figure is a plan oi"? one form of an improved illuminating device, embodying my invention.

Figure 2 is a cross-section taken in the 1931. Serial. R0. 527.30%

plane ofthe dotted lines 2-2, Fig. 1, showing the terminals in elevation.

igure 3 is an elevation of a modified form of the device shown in Fi s. 1 and 2.

Figure 4 is another mod1fied form showing a single letter, with one coil of glass tube unite to a glass refiecter.

Fi ure 5 is a plan of one form of a base mem er forming the reflecter for the illuminating device.

Figure 6 is a cross-section taken in the plane of the dotted lines 66, Fig. 5, showing in dotted lines the luminous tubing and sock et for connecting the terminal ends of said tubing.

Figure 7 is a side elevation oi a modified form of illuminating device showing the lumlnous tubing in dotted lines.

Figure 8 is a cross-section taken in the plane of the dotted lines 8-8, Fig. 7.

Figure 9 is a perspective showing another slightl modified form of illuminating de Er ca, s owing the luminous tubing in dotted mes.

Figure 10 is a plan of one of the segments forming a part of the refiecter.

Figure 11 is a cross-section of Fig. 10.

Figure 12 is a plan view of a portion of one of the luminous tubes before being bent or Cpoiled for use in the illuminating device, an v,

Figure 13 is a cross-section taken through the tube shown in Fig. 12.

In the embodiment of my. invention as illustrated it will be seen that the numeral as l designates a glass refiecter which is formed into all shapes desired or required, and may be formed from single strips or sheets such as shown in Figs 10 and 11, with each of the side edges thereof preferably united or if preferred the said reflecter may be Formed from a single piece of glass, the rear surface being provided with a silvered coating 2, and upon the upper or outer surface of the refiecter is suitably coiled a glass luminous tube 3, that is filled with neon or other suitably illuminating gases, such as are well lmown in the art of illuminating devices, the inner terminal end l of the glass tube passing through a central opening. formed through 1064 the reflecter, while the outer terminal end 4' of the glass tubing is bent downwardly and inwardly, both of the terminals of the tubing being united by a suitable socket member 5, to which socket member is suitably connected the usual electric wires 6, 6 and electrodes (not shown) for causing the gaseous vapor within the glass tubing to be ignited thereby causing the tubing to impart a brilliant luminous light entirely throughout its length.

It will be understood. that the glass reflecter form is first prepared in any and all suitable shapes desired, after which the glass tubing is suitably placed over the outer surface of the reflecter in such formation as is desired, then the tubing and reflecter are united by annealing, or in any other suitable manner, thereby forming the reflecter and tubing into a single integral illuminating unit.

It will thus be perceived that owing to the peculiar and particular formation of both the luminous tubing and the reflecter, that this type of illuminating device will serve to materially increase the brilliancy and illuminating qualities of the device for all purposes for which it may be employed.

Referring now to Fig. 3 of the drawings it will be seen that a modified form of illuminating device is shown, the numeral 7 indicating another form of reflecter, having a spirally disposed luminous glass tubing 8 surrounding said reflecter with the terminals of the said tubing leading to a socket connection (not shown) for uniting said terminals, and Fig. 4: shows a single letter C showing the dished or curved reflecter member 9 and the glass luminous tubing 10 united thereto forming a single integral unit.

Figs. 5 and 6 show a special type of reflecter 11 intended especially to be used in connection with illuminating devices to be attached to or connected with the ceilings of rooms of all dimensions, Fig. 6 showing the tubing and connections in dotted lines, while Figs. 7 and 8 show in elevation and cross-section a modified form of illuminating device, with a reflecter 12, the tubing being shown in dotted lines Fig. 7.

By reference to Fig. 9 will be seen another modified form of illuminating device of square or rectangular formation showing the reflecting member 13 and the glass luminous tubing 14 in dotted lines, and Fig. 10 shows a portion of the reflecter 15 in plan; Fig. 11 showing a cross-section of said reflecter; Fig. 12 shows in plan a portion of the glass luminous tubing 16 and Fig. 13 shows a crosssection of said tubing.

It will be readily obvious that my improved illuminating device may be formed into any and all of the various shapes and formations desired, and that owing to such formations, in connection with the united glass tubing and reflecting member formed in the manner hereinbefore described, the intensity of the illuminating power will be greatly increased Without increasing the cost for maintaining its illuminating qualities.

Having thus described my invention what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. An illuminating device comprising a reflecter having a coiled groove formed in its outer face, and a glass luminous tubing coiled thereon, and united to said face throughout its entire length forming a single integral unit, said tubing having an electrode at each end thereof.

2. An illuminating device comprising a glass reflecter with a silvered coating formed upon its rear surface and having a coiled groove formed in its outer surface, and a glass luminous tubing coiled upon its upper surface, said reflecter and tubing being united together throughout their entire length to form a single integral unit, and an electrode disposed at each end of said tubing.

3. An illuminating device comprising a curved glass reflecter having a silvered rear surface, a luminous glass tubing permanently secured to said reflecter throughout its entire length and forming a part thereof, and an electrode disposed at each end of said tubing.

4. An illuminating device comprising a glass reflecter, a glass luminous tubing forming an inte ral part of said reflecter, one terminal en of said tubing passing through a central opening formed in the reflecter, and the other terminal leading from the outer end of the reflector to a suitable socket con nection, said tube having an electrode disposed at each of its ends.

5. An illuminating device comprising a glass reflecter, a glass luminous tubing permanently secured to said reflecter and forming an integral part thereof, an opening formed through the central portion of the reflecter for passing one of the termmal ends of the tubing therethrough, the other end of the said tubing being bunt inwardly below said reflecter, and a socket member for uniting said terminal ends, said tube having an electrode disposed at each end thereof.

6. An illuminating device comprising a reflecter having a series of curves forming its outer surface, a glass luminous tubing formed with a series of coils united to the outer face of said reflecter throughout its length, the terminal ends of said tubing being secured to a single socket member, said tube having an electrode disposed at each of its ends.

' 7. An illuminating device comprising a glass reflecter, a glass luminous tubing forming an integral part of said reflecter, a single socket member for securing the terminal ends of said tubing together, and an electrode disposed at each end of said tubing.

8. A11 illuminating device comprising a refiecter having a slnuous concave groove formed therein, and a glass luminous tubing shaped to conform to said groove and forming an integral part of said reflecter, said tubing being provided with an electrode at each end thereof.

' EMANUEL C. SMALLY.

US527307A 1931-04-02 1931-04-02 Illuminating device Expired - Lifetime US1870147A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US527307A US1870147A (en) 1931-04-02 1931-04-02 Illuminating device

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US1870147A true US1870147A (en) 1932-08-02

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Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2473878A (en) * 1947-11-25 1949-06-21 Gen Electric Electric lamp of double spiral convolution
US2501376A (en) * 1944-12-21 1950-03-21 Gen Electric Electric discharge lamp
US2501375A (en) * 1944-12-21 1950-03-21 Gen Electric Electric discharge lamp
US3075064A (en) * 1958-10-08 1963-01-22 Bondonio Ernesto Means for heating by reflected infra-red rays
DE1246878B (en) * 1962-11-27 1967-08-10 Alfred Walz Dr Ing Gas discharge lamp
US3775886A (en) * 1972-11-07 1973-12-04 Raymond Lee Organization Inc Illuminated sign
US4208604A (en) * 1977-08-23 1980-06-17 U.S. Philips Corporation Low-pressure mercury vapor discharge lamp
US4833574A (en) * 1988-03-11 1989-05-23 Galagher P Christopher J Annular fluorescent lamp
US5775801A (en) * 1996-01-26 1998-07-07 Mccain Traffic Supply, Inc. Neon traffic signal
WO2005078763A2 (en) * 2004-02-10 2005-08-25 Tbt Asset Management International Limited Gas discharge fluorescent device with lamp support
US20070041200A1 (en) * 2003-03-21 2007-02-22 Walton Randal D Lighting apparatus
US20070041182A1 (en) * 2005-07-20 2007-02-22 Shichao Ge Fluorescent Lamp for Lighting Applications
US20080232109A1 (en) * 2003-03-21 2008-09-25 Walton Randal D Lighting apparatus
US20100181892A1 (en) * 2003-03-21 2010-07-22 Randal Walton Lighting apparatus
US20100207540A1 (en) * 2003-03-21 2010-08-19 Walton Randal D Lighting apparatus
US20100246188A1 (en) * 2003-03-21 2010-09-30 Randal Walton lighting apparatus
US20100277922A1 (en) * 2003-03-21 2010-11-04 Randal Walton Lighting apparatus
US20100320930A1 (en) * 2003-03-21 2010-12-23 Randal Walton lighting apparatus
US20110012529A1 (en) * 2003-03-21 2011-01-20 Randal Walton lighting apparatus
US20110069494A1 (en) * 2003-03-21 2011-03-24 Randal Walton Lighting apparatus
US7973489B2 (en) 2007-11-02 2011-07-05 Tbt Asset Management International Limited Lighting system for illumination using cold cathode fluorescent lamps
US20120032586A1 (en) * 2010-08-04 2012-02-09 Heraeus Noblelight Gmbh Mercury-vapor discharge lamp for homogeneous, planar irradiation
US20120320582A1 (en) * 2010-02-26 2012-12-20 Osram Ag Lamp comprising at least one light source and an electronic operating device
US8492991B2 (en) 2007-11-02 2013-07-23 Tbt Asset Management International Limited Lighting fixture system for illumination using cold cathode fluorescent lamps
WO2017194934A1 (en) * 2016-05-11 2017-11-16 Luxtec Global Limited Non-linear lighting units

Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2501376A (en) * 1944-12-21 1950-03-21 Gen Electric Electric discharge lamp
US2501375A (en) * 1944-12-21 1950-03-21 Gen Electric Electric discharge lamp
US2473878A (en) * 1947-11-25 1949-06-21 Gen Electric Electric lamp of double spiral convolution
US3075064A (en) * 1958-10-08 1963-01-22 Bondonio Ernesto Means for heating by reflected infra-red rays
DE1246878B (en) * 1962-11-27 1967-08-10 Alfred Walz Dr Ing Gas discharge lamp
US3775886A (en) * 1972-11-07 1973-12-04 Raymond Lee Organization Inc Illuminated sign
US4208604A (en) * 1977-08-23 1980-06-17 U.S. Philips Corporation Low-pressure mercury vapor discharge lamp
US4833574A (en) * 1988-03-11 1989-05-23 Galagher P Christopher J Annular fluorescent lamp
WO1989008801A1 (en) * 1988-03-11 1989-09-21 Gallagher P Christopher J Annular fluorescent lamp
US5775801A (en) * 1996-01-26 1998-07-07 Mccain Traffic Supply, Inc. Neon traffic signal
US20100320930A1 (en) * 2003-03-21 2010-12-23 Randal Walton lighting apparatus
US8469541B2 (en) 2003-03-21 2013-06-25 Randal D. Walton Lighting apparatus
US20110069494A1 (en) * 2003-03-21 2011-03-24 Randal Walton Lighting apparatus
US20070041200A1 (en) * 2003-03-21 2007-02-22 Walton Randal D Lighting apparatus
US20110012529A1 (en) * 2003-03-21 2011-01-20 Randal Walton lighting apparatus
US7390106B2 (en) * 2003-03-21 2008-06-24 Walton Randal D Lighting apparatus
US20080232109A1 (en) * 2003-03-21 2008-09-25 Walton Randal D Lighting apparatus
US8721127B2 (en) 2003-03-21 2014-05-13 Randal D. Walton Lighting apparatus with reflector rotatably coupled to an adapter
US20100181892A1 (en) * 2003-03-21 2010-07-22 Randal Walton Lighting apparatus
US20100207540A1 (en) * 2003-03-21 2010-08-19 Walton Randal D Lighting apparatus
US20100246188A1 (en) * 2003-03-21 2010-09-30 Randal Walton lighting apparatus
US20100277922A1 (en) * 2003-03-21 2010-11-04 Randal Walton Lighting apparatus
US7748871B2 (en) 2003-03-21 2010-07-06 Walton Randal D Lighting apparatus
WO2005078763A3 (en) * 2004-02-10 2006-10-26 Tbt Asset Man Internat Ltd Gas discharge fluorescent device with lamp support
WO2005078763A2 (en) * 2004-02-10 2005-08-25 Tbt Asset Management International Limited Gas discharge fluorescent device with lamp support
US20050275351A1 (en) * 2004-02-10 2005-12-15 Shichao Ge Gas discharge fluorescent device with lamp support
US7862201B2 (en) 2005-07-20 2011-01-04 Tbt Asset Management International Limited Fluorescent lamp for lighting applications
US20070041182A1 (en) * 2005-07-20 2007-02-22 Shichao Ge Fluorescent Lamp for Lighting Applications
US20110156609A1 (en) * 2005-07-20 2011-06-30 Tbt Asset Management International Limited Fluorescent lamp for lighting applications
US8492991B2 (en) 2007-11-02 2013-07-23 Tbt Asset Management International Limited Lighting fixture system for illumination using cold cathode fluorescent lamps
US7973489B2 (en) 2007-11-02 2011-07-05 Tbt Asset Management International Limited Lighting system for illumination using cold cathode fluorescent lamps
US20120320582A1 (en) * 2010-02-26 2012-12-20 Osram Ag Lamp comprising at least one light source and an electronic operating device
US20120032586A1 (en) * 2010-08-04 2012-02-09 Heraeus Noblelight Gmbh Mercury-vapor discharge lamp for homogeneous, planar irradiation
US8400059B2 (en) * 2010-08-04 2013-03-19 Heraeus Noblelight Gmbh Mercury-vapor discharge lamp for homogeneous, planar irradiation
WO2017194934A1 (en) * 2016-05-11 2017-11-16 Luxtec Global Limited Non-linear lighting units

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