US1867740A - Electric fireplace - Google Patents

Electric fireplace Download PDF

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Publication number
US1867740A
US1867740A US329399A US32939928A US1867740A US 1867740 A US1867740 A US 1867740A US 329399 A US329399 A US 329399A US 32939928 A US32939928 A US 32939928A US 1867740 A US1867740 A US 1867740A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
conduit
fireplace
air
heat
orifice
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US329399A
Inventor
Walter W Guy
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Walter W Guy
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Walter W Guy filed Critical Walter W Guy
Priority to US329399A priority Critical patent/US1867740A/en
Priority to US330449A priority patent/US1865740A/en
Priority to GB1416632A priority patent/GB396192A/en
Priority to DEB155772D priority patent/DE595490C/en
Priority to FR737603T priority
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1867740A publication Critical patent/US1867740A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G11/00Resilient suspensions characterised by arrangement, location or kind of springs
    • B60G11/26Resilient suspensions characterised by arrangement, location or kind of springs having fluid springs only, e.g. hydropneumatic springs
    • B60G11/27Resilient suspensions characterised by arrangement, location or kind of springs having fluid springs only, e.g. hydropneumatic springs wherein the fluid is a gas
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24CDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES ; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C7/00Stoves or ranges heated by electric energy
    • F24C7/002Stoves
    • F24C7/004Stoves simulating flames

Description

July 19, 1932.
v w. w. GUY
ELECTRIC FIREPLACE Filed Dec. 51. 1928 Patented July 19, 1932 UNITED ST TES WALTER W. GUY, OF OAK PARK, ILLINOTS m m rmarrmcn Application ma December a1, 1928. Serial no. 329,399.
My invention relates to house furnishings and more specifically to an improvedfireplace. It includes among its objects and advantages minimizing the special preparation 5 of the room necessary in installing a fireplace; and getting the diffused cozy warmth of the old-fashioned fireplace with an incandescent electric source of heat.
In the accompanying drawin 1 Fig. 1 is a front elevation o a fireplace; Fig. 2 is a central vertical section from front to back on line 22 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a horizontal section substantially on line 3-3 of Fig. 1 v
Fig. 4 is a detailed section on-line 4-4 of Fig. 1; p v
Fig. 5 is-a detailed section on line 5-5 of Fig1 3. I
In t e embodiment of the invention select- 2 ed for illustration, the heating element is a refractory rod capable of rising to temperatures of incandescence on the passage of an electric current through the same. It is positioned between a front casting 1-2 and 2 a rear casting 14. The front casting 12 has a fin 16 below the element 10 and another fin 18 above the same. Each of these fins is an integral lateral extension of the casting with a serrated edge. The casting 14 has two similar fins 20, one above and one below the fin 18. .The castings 12 and 14, with their fins, define a vertical conduit or air passage 22 through which air heated by proximity to the heating element 10 will rise in a rather turbulent way, being mixed by its flow around and past the fins. The air passage 22 is continued above the castings by sheet metal artitions 24 and 26 and ends in a horizontal acing discharge orifice 28. The walls may be turned over a little as at 30 to help turn the gases issuing at 28 forward into a horizontal path.
The wall 24 is continued forwardly and outwardl by flanks 32 spot-welded at 34 to the perip eral frame 36. One of these flanks may carry an electric switch 38 for control of the current delivered to the rod 10.
To get practically all the heat out into the room, I form a second conduit or air passage 4O behind the passage 22. I have illuscxtending out above them.
trated a third sheet metal partition 42 paralleling the forwardly inclined ortion of" ,the partition .26 and then exten ing vertiin the partition 42. To improve the flow of air through these inlets, I provide hoods 48 The lower edgeof the casting 14 is fastened to the upper e ge of a fireplace support 50 extendin downwardly and then forward at 52 space from the floor and again downat 54 to the floor level. The horizontal portion 52 forms a raised hearth, and-conductionof heat down to it is sufliciently poor so that it can be su ported on one or more wooden spacers or 'llers 56, which fillers may rest on a wooden floor. t
On the hearth I provide an imitation fireplace comprising light difiusing material 58 supported on a reticulated support or screen 60 behind imitation grate bars 62. In the space belowthis materialI provide one or more electric lights 64 provided with the flicker fans 66 for producing an illusion as of flickering flames in the light difiusing material 58. For convenient access to the lights 64 and fans 66, I terminate'the light difiusing material 58 a little above the grate 52 and position a removable section 68 of ate bars in the opening. The corners o the hearth may carry ornamental posts 7 0 which may function also as a support for the grate bars 62 and the light diffusing material. The removable section is supported at its ends in notches in the edges of the posts 70, and the cross-pieces 71 ride on the hearth 52. Removal is by the simple process of sliding the section 68 to either side until the ends of the bars clear the posts 70.
When the place of installation is such that the occupants are apt to sit or lie in positions where they could see under the lower edge of the difiusing material 58, a direct view I f the lamps 64 and wiring may be cut oil by a li ht sheet metal shield 75, pivoted to swing own out of the way when access 5 to the lamps is desired. The shield is low K u tition 26. The currents of air rising through the conduits 22 and 40 are delivered at 28 and 7 2. The air delivered at 28 enters at 7 4 between the castings 12 and 14. The air de. livered at 72 enters the fireplace pro er at the openings 46. Where the fireplace is uilt into alarger unit comprising a mantel 76 and panel 8 to form a larger enclosure completed y side walls indicated at 80 in Fig. 2, the an: passing through the openings 46. may galn access to the inside of this larger enclosure 81 through grills 82. It is not necessary to provide ,a conduit from the grills to the conduit 40 unless for manufacturing convenience, because the withdrawal of air at 46 necessitates its replacement at 82 and the movements of the body of air in the enclosure 81 are immaterial.
The currents of air issuing'at 28 and 72 are carried slightly forward away from the panel 78 and forced to blend and commingle, by a hood 84 extending forward and down ward from the upper edge of the orifice 72 to a level slightly a ove the level of the lower edg: of the same orifice 72. This not only ma es the complete unit look more like an actual firelplace, but it deflects the warm air out into t e' room and away from the wall above the fireplace.
One of the outstanding drawbacks to an electric heater of the ordinary type from the standpoint of comfort, isthe di erence in the bodily sensation obtained, compared with the warmth. of a real fireplace. I believe this difference to arise chiefly from the fact that the heat radiated is of materially shorter wave lengths than that from the hot walls of an ordina fireplace, and that the small dimensions 0 the source of heat give a radiation in parallel or diverging lines that.
' will cast sharp shadows. Thus, a erson facing an ordinary electric heater will feel the warmth on his face, but if his head is turned a little to either side, the ear remote from the source of heat receivts no heat at all. With a fireplace radiatingheat vfrom an extended area, 'the reverse would be the case, as the heat radiates from points so widely separated. When the heater disclosed is supplied with ,current, the bar 10 immediately becomes 1ncandeseent and theglow-jfrom'it may ob-- 14 become thoroughly heated through and too hot to touch. The partition 24 and its flanks 32 are very well connected with the casting 12 and also become quite hot. The radiation from this extended surface is of the same low wave length and distributed over the same large area as in a fireplace heated by flames, and the persons gathering around it are ordinarily quick to notice this difference.
Without further elaboration, the foregoing will so fully explain the gist of my invention, that others may, by applying current knowledge, readily adapt the same for use under various conditions of service.
I claim:
1..A. fireplace unit comprising three spaced metal partitions, conduits permitting air flowthrough the spaces between said partitions, an incandescent electric heating element between two of said partitions near the lower end of the conduit between them, means near said element for retarding and mixing the air flowing through said conduit, the other conduit being unobstructed, the obstructed conduit having a horizontally directed delivery orifice at its upper end, the unobstructed condui having a similar orifice immediately above ;the orifice for the obstructed conduit, a \mixing hood extending forward and downward from the upper edge of the upper orifice and terminating above the level of the lower edge of the lower orifice, heat insulation covering the rear of said un-. obstructed conduit, the walls of the obstructed conduit near the heating element being of relatively thick cast metal, the remaining conduit walls being of relatively thin sheet metal, the middle one of said partitions being devoid of any insulation to function in the transfer of heat.
2. Afireplace unit comprising spaced partitions, an electric heating unit between the artitions near the lower end of the conduit tween them, the walls of the conduit near the heating element being of relatively thick cast metal, the remaining conduit wallsbeing of relatively thin sheet metal, said conduits being adapted to discharge all gases heated by said element into the room.
3- A fireplace unit comprising three spaced partitions, an electric heating unit between the front and middle partitions, conduits permitting air flow between said partitions, both conduits havin horizontally directed delivery orifices at t eir upper ends, and a mixing hood extending forward and downward from theupper edge of the u per orifice and terminating above the level 0 the lower edge partitions, an electric heating between ing hood extending forward and downward from the upper edge of the upper orifice and terminating above the level of the lower edge of the upper orlfice.
5. A fireplace unit comprising spaced conduits having air inlet and discharge open ings, the walls of one of said conduits near the inlet opening thereof being of relatively thick cast metal, the remaining conduit walls being of relatively thin sheet "metal, an in= candescent electric heating element inclosed within the thick cast metal walls of said conduit adjacent the inlet opening thereof to heat the air to a high temperature, means interposed between the inlet and discharge openings of said conduit to function in the transfer of a substantial portion of heat from said heated air to the room by conduction through the walls of the conduit, the remainder of the heat being discharged through said discharge openings into the room.
and hams
US329399A 1928-12-31 1928-12-31 Electric fireplace Expired - Lifetime US1867740A (en)

Priority Applications (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US329399A US1867740A (en) 1928-12-31 1928-12-31 Electric fireplace
US330449A US1865740A (en) 1928-12-31 1929-01-05 Pneumatic spring
GB1416632A GB396192A (en) 1928-12-31 1932-05-18 Pneumatic spring suspension means for vehicles
DEB155772D DE595490C (en) 1928-12-31 1932-05-20 Air suspension, in particular for motor vehicles
FR737603T 1932-05-25

Applications Claiming Priority (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US329399A US1867740A (en) 1928-12-31 1928-12-31 Electric fireplace
US330449A US1865740A (en) 1928-12-31 1929-01-05 Pneumatic spring
GB1416632A GB396192A (en) 1928-12-31 1932-05-18 Pneumatic spring suspension means for vehicles
DEB155772D DE595490C (en) 1928-12-31 1932-05-20 Air suspension, in particular for motor vehicles
FR737603D FR737603A (en) 1928-12-31 1932-05-25 Air suspension for vehicles

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1867740A true US1867740A (en) 1932-07-19

Family

ID=40717009

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US329399A Expired - Lifetime US1867740A (en) 1928-12-31 1928-12-31 Electric fireplace
US330449A Expired - Lifetime US1865740A (en) 1928-12-31 1929-01-05 Pneumatic spring

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US330449A Expired - Lifetime US1865740A (en) 1928-12-31 1929-01-05 Pneumatic spring

Country Status (4)

Country Link
US (2) US1867740A (en)
DE (1) DE595490C (en)
FR (1) FR737603A (en)
GB (1) GB396192A (en)

Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2525850A (en) * 1944-02-19 1950-10-17 Andersen Gustav Electric heater of the panel or bottom molding type
US2646787A (en) * 1950-03-17 1953-07-28 Suttles Omar Hot-air circulating attachment for cook stoves
US2654017A (en) * 1951-02-05 1953-09-29 Ionics Baseboard heater construction
US2875747A (en) * 1959-03-03 Ceramic tile fireplace
US3175552A (en) * 1962-12-18 1965-03-30 James L Sutton Air heating fireplace
US3265057A (en) * 1964-09-03 1966-08-09 Gas Fired Products Inc Elongate radiant gas heater
US4091263A (en) * 1975-04-14 1978-05-23 Landeroin Duvernois Odette Process and a device for controlling the radiation-convection ratio in a heating apparatus
US4287877A (en) * 1978-10-10 1981-09-08 Gaines Cecil A Solar and central fireplace heating system
US4502463A (en) * 1984-04-26 1985-03-05 Gregory Willis H Method and apparatus for efficiently capturing and distributing heat produced by gas logs
US4573905A (en) * 1984-11-13 1986-03-04 Meyers Wayne E Burner unit for fireplace simulation
US4890600A (en) * 1988-10-26 1990-01-02 Genesis Technology Fireplace burning simulator unit
US4897524A (en) * 1989-02-27 1990-01-30 Brasell James M Portable electric fireplace with simulated chimney flue
US6162047A (en) * 1998-03-04 2000-12-19 Dimplex North America Limited Simulated fuel bed for fireplace
US6385881B1 (en) 1999-02-19 2002-05-14 Dimplex North America Limited Synchronized flicker device
US6799727B2 (en) * 2001-05-01 2004-10-05 Smith's Environmental Products Limited Flame-effect heating apparatus
US20050086841A1 (en) * 2002-09-27 2005-04-28 Napoleon Systems And Developments Inc. Flame simulating apparatus
US20060026894A1 (en) * 2001-09-12 2006-02-09 Dimplex North America Limited Flame simulating assembly
US20060101681A1 (en) * 2004-11-17 2006-05-18 Dimplex North America Limited Flame simulating assembly
US20060188831A1 (en) * 2005-02-18 2006-08-24 Dimplex North America Limited Flame simulating assembly including an air filter
US20070224561A1 (en) * 2006-03-08 2007-09-27 Dimplex North America Limited Flame simulating assembly
US20080013931A1 (en) * 2006-05-05 2008-01-17 Twin Star International, Inc. Electric fireplace
US7373743B1 (en) 2007-03-14 2008-05-20 Dimplex North America Limited Flame simulating assembly
US20090126241A1 (en) * 2007-11-20 2009-05-21 Twin-Star International, Inc. Electric fireplace insert and methods of use
USD616977S1 (en) 2008-12-03 2010-06-01 Twin-Star International Inc. Fireplace insert
USD668748S1 (en) 2009-07-07 2012-10-09 Twin-Star International, Inc. Electric fireplace
US8739439B2 (en) 2010-12-20 2014-06-03 Twin-Star International, Inc. Multi-color simulated flame system for electric fireplaces

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1069662B (en) *
US2470676A (en) * 1944-05-29 1949-05-17 Earl B Aldbus Pneumatic vehicle suspension
US2790634A (en) * 1955-06-23 1957-04-30 Thomas L Fawick Pneumatic cushioning assembly for vehicles and the like
US2902275A (en) * 1956-07-10 1959-09-01 Rockwell Standard Co Air spring
DE1152438B (en) * 1956-10-06 1963-08-08 Maschf Augsburg Nuernberg Ag Support of the car body of a rail vehicle on a drive
US2865652A (en) * 1957-02-14 1958-12-23 Youngstown Steel Car Corp Stabilizer coupling for air cushion suspension
DE1287453B (en) * 1966-06-16 1969-01-16 Wilhelm Hermann Mueller & Co K Air bellows for vehicle suspensions

Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2875747A (en) * 1959-03-03 Ceramic tile fireplace
US2525850A (en) * 1944-02-19 1950-10-17 Andersen Gustav Electric heater of the panel or bottom molding type
US2646787A (en) * 1950-03-17 1953-07-28 Suttles Omar Hot-air circulating attachment for cook stoves
US2654017A (en) * 1951-02-05 1953-09-29 Ionics Baseboard heater construction
US3175552A (en) * 1962-12-18 1965-03-30 James L Sutton Air heating fireplace
US3265057A (en) * 1964-09-03 1966-08-09 Gas Fired Products Inc Elongate radiant gas heater
US4091263A (en) * 1975-04-14 1978-05-23 Landeroin Duvernois Odette Process and a device for controlling the radiation-convection ratio in a heating apparatus
US4287877A (en) * 1978-10-10 1981-09-08 Gaines Cecil A Solar and central fireplace heating system
US4502463A (en) * 1984-04-26 1985-03-05 Gregory Willis H Method and apparatus for efficiently capturing and distributing heat produced by gas logs
US4573905A (en) * 1984-11-13 1986-03-04 Meyers Wayne E Burner unit for fireplace simulation
US4890600A (en) * 1988-10-26 1990-01-02 Genesis Technology Fireplace burning simulator unit
US4897524A (en) * 1989-02-27 1990-01-30 Brasell James M Portable electric fireplace with simulated chimney flue
US6162047A (en) * 1998-03-04 2000-12-19 Dimplex North America Limited Simulated fuel bed for fireplace
US6385881B1 (en) 1999-02-19 2002-05-14 Dimplex North America Limited Synchronized flicker device
US6799727B2 (en) * 2001-05-01 2004-10-05 Smith's Environmental Products Limited Flame-effect heating apparatus
US8661721B2 (en) 2001-09-12 2014-03-04 Kristoffer Hess Flame simulating assembly
US20060026894A1 (en) * 2001-09-12 2006-02-09 Dimplex North America Limited Flame simulating assembly
US20050086841A1 (en) * 2002-09-27 2005-04-28 Napoleon Systems And Developments Inc. Flame simulating apparatus
US7080472B2 (en) 2002-09-27 2006-07-25 Napoleon Systems And Develpements Inc. Flame simulating apparatus
US6944982B2 (en) 2002-09-27 2005-09-20 Napoloen Systems And Developments Inc. Flame simulating apparatus
US8361367B2 (en) 2004-11-17 2013-01-29 Dimplex North America Limited Flame simulating assembly
US8480937B2 (en) 2004-11-17 2013-07-09 Dimplex North America Limited Method of forming a simulated combustible fuel element
US20060101681A1 (en) * 2004-11-17 2006-05-18 Dimplex North America Limited Flame simulating assembly
US20060188831A1 (en) * 2005-02-18 2006-08-24 Dimplex North America Limited Flame simulating assembly including an air filter
US20070224561A1 (en) * 2006-03-08 2007-09-27 Dimplex North America Limited Flame simulating assembly
US7826727B2 (en) 2006-05-05 2010-11-02 Twin-Star International, Inc. Electric fireplace
US20080013931A1 (en) * 2006-05-05 2008-01-17 Twin Star International, Inc. Electric fireplace
US7373743B1 (en) 2007-03-14 2008-05-20 Dimplex North America Limited Flame simulating assembly
US20090126241A1 (en) * 2007-11-20 2009-05-21 Twin-Star International, Inc. Electric fireplace insert and methods of use
USD616977S1 (en) 2008-12-03 2010-06-01 Twin-Star International Inc. Fireplace insert
USD668748S1 (en) 2009-07-07 2012-10-09 Twin-Star International, Inc. Electric fireplace
US8739439B2 (en) 2010-12-20 2014-06-03 Twin-Star International, Inc. Multi-color simulated flame system for electric fireplaces

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US1865740A (en) 1932-07-05
GB396192A (en) 1933-08-03
FR737603A (en) 1932-12-14
DE595490C (en) 1934-04-12

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