US1865453A - Binder clip - Google Patents

Binder clip Download PDF

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Publication number
US1865453A
US1865453A US43166030A US1865453A US 1865453 A US1865453 A US 1865453A US 43166030 A US43166030 A US 43166030A US 1865453 A US1865453 A US 1865453A
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US
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
jaw
portions
jaws
jaw portions
intermediate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Louis E Baltzley
Original Assignee
Louis E Baltzley
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42FSHEETS TEMPORARILY ATTACHED TOGETHER; FILING APPLIANCES; FILE CARDS; INDEXING
    • B42F1/00Sheets temporarily attached together without perforating; Means therefor
    • B42F1/006Fasteners comprising two co-operating jaws closed by spring action and that can be manually opened, e.g. clamps
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/20Paper fastener
    • Y10T24/202Resiliently biased
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/44Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof
    • Y10T24/44641Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof having gripping member formed from, biased by, or mounted on resilient member
    • Y10T24/44769Opposed engaging faces on gripping member formed from single piece of resilient material
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/44Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof
    • Y10T24/44641Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof having gripping member formed from, biased by, or mounted on resilient member
    • Y10T24/44932Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof having gripping member formed from, biased by, or mounted on resilient member having specific surface material or irregularity on or along engaging face

Description

y 5, 1932- L. E. BALTZLEY 3 BINDER CLIP Filed Feb. 27, 1930 INVENTOR W A ORNEY WWW Patented July 5, 1932 PATENT OFFl'CE LOUIS E. BALIZLEY, OF GLEN RIDGE, NEW JERSEY BINDER CLIP Application filed February 27, 1930. Serial No. 431,660.

Special obj ects of the present invention are to provide a binder clip, which will hold papers or other. articles firmly and positively, irrespective of irregularities or varying thicknesses of material; to provide a clip which will hold interposed articles at a plurality of definitely relatively spaced points, so as to resist or prevent twisting of the binder onthe gripped papers and to accomplish these desirable results in a simple, inexpensive and entirely practical construction.

The foregoing and other desirable objects are attained in this invention by certain novel features of construction, combination and relations of parts as hereinafter described and broadly covered in the claims.

The drawing accompanying and forming part of this specification illustrates several of the many possible commercial embodiments of the invention, and it will be evident that further modifications of structure may be made without departure from the true spirit and intent of the invention.

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of one of the binder clips showing it with the jaws in closed relation; Fig. 2 is a front ed e view of the same illustrating the parts as they appear with suflicient pressure applied to the handles to separate the end portions of the jaws, while leaving the intermediate gripping portions still engaged; Fig. 3 is a sectional detail illustrating the self-compensating action of the independent gripping jaw segments when engaged with material of varying thickness; Fig. i is a side elevation of a modification having flat, smooth intermediate jaw sections; Fig. 5 is a similar view of another form having curled edge intermediate gripping sections; Fig. 6 is an edge view, with handles removed of another form having serrated or saw tooth meshing intermediate gripping jaw sections.

In its general construction, the binder herein shown is of the type covered by the 1 Louis E. Baltzley Patent 1,139,627 of May 18, 1915 with the main body of the device consisting of a single piece of spring steel of substantially triangular shape providing convergent jaws 7 8, connected by a flat back piece 9. These jaws are shown operated as in the patent by means of spring wire handles 10 having outwardly bent ends 11 engaged in rolled over sockets 12 at the ends of the jaws, said handles then serving as levers in the. positions indicated in Figs. land 2 55 for spreading the jaws and being pivoted to the position shown in Figs. 4; and 5, so as not to project beyond the back when not in use.

It has been found in practise, that with the jaws of continuous extent as in the patent mentioned, there may be tendencies at times for the jaws to grip only at one point instead of full length. Thus when holding papers which have staples or rivets in them, these fastenings form humps providing high spots which will be gripped by the jaws and which will hold the jaws so separated that they will not grip the papers at any other points. Also in shaping and tempering the steel, the jaws are liable to take a bend or 7; set which may cause them to grip the papers at one point without really holding at other points. Under such circumstances, the papers may either slip out of the hinder or the binder slip or rotate about the center of gripping engagement.

The objections noted have been overcome in the present invention by making the jaws discontinuous and with separated gripping portions and in a preferred form by giving certain of the separated jaw sections a set which will cause them totake hold in advance of and to let go after the othergripping aw sections.

In the forms of the invention herein illustrated, the jaws are slotted inwardly, that is toward the back, at 13 on somewhat convergent lines to provide the intermediate tongues or gripping sections 14 between the end jaw sections 15 to which the ends of the handles are connected.

These intermediate independent jaw sections 14 may be flattened down, toward each other, forv example on the lines of juncture with the main body of the jaw at 16, so that they will have a tendency to come together sooner and remain engaged longer than the end jaw sections 15. v This feature is illus trated particularly in Fig. 2, which shows how with suflicient pressure on the handles 10 to open the end aw sections 15, the intermediate jaw sections 14 may remain still engaged. With further pressure, these intermediate jaw members, being rooted to the main body portion of the jaws, will come open but to a somewhat lesser extent than the end jaw portions 15, remaining thus in position to close upon inserted papers ahead of the end jaw parts. The intermediate jaw sections readily accommodate themselves to any projections or irregularities in the papers or other material gripped in the binder. Thus, for example, as shown in Fig. 3, these intermediate jaw parts being more flexible and springing independently of the end jaw parts may spread to a greater extent to accommodate themselves to staples 17, rivets or other fastenings in the papers or gripped material 18.

To further increase the gripping action of the intermediate jaw parts, they may be reversely corrugated along their meeting edges as at 19 in Figs. 1, 2 and 3, or they may have mating saw toothed or roughened edges as at 20 in Fig. 6. Where such positive gripping action is not desirable, the intermediate jaw elements may be left with straight flat gripping edges as indicated in Fig. 4-, or with rolled over edges as indicated at 21 in Fig. 5. This rolled over construction StlllGIlS the gripping edges and provides a hold for an opening tool or additional handle which may be applied to the intermediate jaws. The separation of the intermediate jaw sections from the end jaw sections provides also for a certain independence of movement of said end jaw sections, enabling them to adapt themselves to variations in thickness,i'ougliness in the material gripped, etc., the material in effect being gripped at three separated points and being held at each one of those points independently of the other two points.

What is claimed is:

1. A binder clip, comprising cooperating spring jaws composed of independently formed resilient jaw portions and other jaw portions, one set of such jaw portions being offset from the remaining jaw portions to such an extent as will enable the independently formed resilient jaw portions to grip material before the other jaw portions.

2. A binder clip, comprising cooperating spring jaws composed of independently formed resilient aw portions and other jaw portions, one set of such jaw portions being offset from the remaining jaw portions to such an extent as will enable the independently formed resilient jaw portions to grip material before the other jaw portions and handle means connected with said remaining j aw portions and independent of the resilient aw portions to leave the latter free to operate independently of said remaining jaw portions. V

3. A binder-clip, comprising cooperating spring jaws composed of independently formed resilient jaw portions and other jaw portions, one set of such jaw portions being ofiset from the remaining jaw portions to such an extent as will enable the independently formed resilient jaw portions to grip material before the other aw portions, said remaining jaw portions being disposed at the ends of the binder clip and the independently formed resilient jaw portions being disposed in the intermediate portions of the clip between said end aw portions.

4. A. binder clip, comprising cooperating spring jaws composed of independently formed resilient jaw portions and other jaw portions, one set of such jaw portions being offset from the remaining jaw portions to such an extent as will enable the independently formed resilient jaw portions to grip material before the other jaw portions, said independently acting and the remaining jaw portions being all constructed of the same integral spring sheet material and the independently formed resilient jaw portions being provided by slots extending inward from the edges of the spring pressed jaws and separating the ends of said independently formed resilient jaw portions from the ends of the remaining jaw portions.

In testimony whereof I afiix my signature.

LOUIS E. BALTZLEY.

US1865453A 1930-02-27 1930-02-27 Binder clip Expired - Lifetime US1865453A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1865453A US1865453A (en) 1930-02-27 1930-02-27 Binder clip

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1865453A US1865453A (en) 1930-02-27 1930-02-27 Binder clip

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US1865453A true US1865453A (en) 1932-07-05

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Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2807490A (en) * 1951-05-25 1957-09-24 Edward J Stachura Door holding device
US3176691A (en) * 1963-05-08 1965-04-06 Kendall & Co Catheter tubing clamp
US4023721A (en) * 1975-09-25 1977-05-17 Marc Erthein Garment clamping hanger with spring-biased clamping members
WO1984001922A1 (en) * 1982-11-17 1984-05-24 Max Jones Clip for paper and like material
EP0238344A2 (en) * 1986-03-19 1987-09-23 Hiromori Industrial Company Retaining clip for use in business to hold sheets of paper or other material
EP0253154A2 (en) * 1986-07-15 1988-01-20 Kurt Lorber Device for attaching paper
US5806147A (en) * 1997-06-16 1998-09-15 Sato; Hisao Clip
US5896624A (en) * 1998-04-24 1999-04-27 Horswell; Stephen Lee Binder clip
US20060130288A1 (en) * 2004-12-16 2006-06-22 Carls David R Binder clip
US20080156342A1 (en) * 2006-12-29 2008-07-03 Stephen Chininis Hair retaining clip with deployable handles
US20090314258A1 (en) * 2006-07-21 2009-12-24 Peugeot Citroen Automobiles Sa Combustion engine injector holder retaining fork
US20100179569A1 (en) * 2009-01-09 2010-07-15 Salky Barry A Laparoscopic Anastomosis Tools And Technique
US20100275856A1 (en) * 2008-03-14 2010-11-04 Buffington Charles A Pinch-Induced Behavioral Inhibition in Domestic Cats
US20110077669A1 (en) * 2009-01-09 2011-03-31 Salky Barry A Laparoscopic Anastomosis Tools And Technique
US7921525B1 (en) * 2007-06-13 2011-04-12 Richard Lucas Binding clip with secondary attachment
US20110173782A1 (en) * 2010-01-15 2011-07-21 Alfred English Split arm clip
US20120159748A1 (en) * 2010-12-22 2012-06-28 Interdesign, Inc. Shower caddy clip and sleeve
USD663774S1 (en) * 2010-09-13 2012-07-17 Lau Janet K Note and clip
USD664200S1 (en) * 2010-09-13 2012-07-24 Lau Janet K Note and clip
USD664199S1 (en) * 2010-09-13 2012-07-24 Lau Janet K Note and clip
USD664198S1 (en) * 2010-09-13 2012-07-24 Lau Janet K Note and clip
USD706343S1 (en) * 2010-09-13 2014-06-03 Janet K. Lau Note and clip
US20140228178A1 (en) * 2013-02-13 2014-08-14 Steven Ray Brooks Devices and methods for strengthening the thenar muscles
US9541231B1 (en) 2013-06-22 2017-01-10 Celena Misshola Owens Frame support for creating and displaying handmade paper crafts

Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2807490A (en) * 1951-05-25 1957-09-24 Edward J Stachura Door holding device
US3176691A (en) * 1963-05-08 1965-04-06 Kendall & Co Catheter tubing clamp
US4023721A (en) * 1975-09-25 1977-05-17 Marc Erthein Garment clamping hanger with spring-biased clamping members
WO1984001922A1 (en) * 1982-11-17 1984-05-24 Max Jones Clip for paper and like material
EP0238344A2 (en) * 1986-03-19 1987-09-23 Hiromori Industrial Company Retaining clip for use in business to hold sheets of paper or other material
EP0238344A3 (en) * 1986-03-19 1988-08-03 Hiromori Industrial Company Retaining clip for use in business to hold sheets of paper or other material
EP0253154A2 (en) * 1986-07-15 1988-01-20 Kurt Lorber Device for attaching paper
EP0253154A3 (en) * 1986-07-15 1988-08-03 Kurt Lorber Device for attaching paper
US5806147A (en) * 1997-06-16 1998-09-15 Sato; Hisao Clip
US5896624A (en) * 1998-04-24 1999-04-27 Horswell; Stephen Lee Binder clip
US20060130288A1 (en) * 2004-12-16 2006-06-22 Carls David R Binder clip
US7120969B2 (en) 2004-12-16 2006-10-17 Carls David R Binder clip
US20090314258A1 (en) * 2006-07-21 2009-12-24 Peugeot Citroen Automobiles Sa Combustion engine injector holder retaining fork
US20080156342A1 (en) * 2006-12-29 2008-07-03 Stephen Chininis Hair retaining clip with deployable handles
US8069864B2 (en) * 2006-12-29 2011-12-06 Goody Products, Inc. Hair retaining clip with deployable handles
US7921525B1 (en) * 2007-06-13 2011-04-12 Richard Lucas Binding clip with secondary attachment
US20100275856A1 (en) * 2008-03-14 2010-11-04 Buffington Charles A Pinch-Induced Behavioral Inhibition in Domestic Cats
US20100179569A1 (en) * 2009-01-09 2010-07-15 Salky Barry A Laparoscopic Anastomosis Tools And Technique
US8597310B2 (en) 2009-01-09 2013-12-03 Cook Medical Technologies Llc Laparoscopic anastomosis tools and technique
US8591530B2 (en) 2009-01-09 2013-11-26 Cook Medical Technologies Llc Suture guide clip and laparoscopic techniques
US20110077669A1 (en) * 2009-01-09 2011-03-31 Salky Barry A Laparoscopic Anastomosis Tools And Technique
US20110173782A1 (en) * 2010-01-15 2011-07-21 Alfred English Split arm clip
US8256070B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2012-09-04 Sleeve Clips, Llc Split arm clip
USD664200S1 (en) * 2010-09-13 2012-07-24 Lau Janet K Note and clip
USD664199S1 (en) * 2010-09-13 2012-07-24 Lau Janet K Note and clip
USD664198S1 (en) * 2010-09-13 2012-07-24 Lau Janet K Note and clip
USD663774S1 (en) * 2010-09-13 2012-07-17 Lau Janet K Note and clip
USD706343S1 (en) * 2010-09-13 2014-06-03 Janet K. Lau Note and clip
USD717867S1 (en) * 2010-09-13 2014-11-18 Janet K. Lau Note and clip
US20120159748A1 (en) * 2010-12-22 2012-06-28 Interdesign, Inc. Shower caddy clip and sleeve
US8769781B2 (en) * 2010-12-22 2014-07-08 Interdesign, Inc. Shower caddy clip and sleeve
US20140228178A1 (en) * 2013-02-13 2014-08-14 Steven Ray Brooks Devices and methods for strengthening the thenar muscles
US9541231B1 (en) 2013-06-22 2017-01-10 Celena Misshola Owens Frame support for creating and displaying handmade paper crafts

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