US1861442A - Self closing stopper for receptacles - Google Patents

Self closing stopper for receptacles Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1861442A
US1861442A US388867A US38886729A US1861442A US 1861442 A US1861442 A US 1861442A US 388867 A US388867 A US 388867A US 38886729 A US38886729 A US 38886729A US 1861442 A US1861442 A US 1861442A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
valve
stopper
receptacle
receptacles
open
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US388867A
Inventor
Hammerstein Arthur
Original Assignee
Hammerstein Arthur
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hammerstein Arthur filed Critical Hammerstein Arthur
Priority to US388867A priority Critical patent/US1861442A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1861442A publication Critical patent/US1861442A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D47/00Closures with filling and discharging, or with discharging, devices
    • B65D47/04Closures with discharging devices other than pumps
    • B65D47/20Closures with discharging devices other than pumps comprising hand-operated members for controlling discharge
    • B65D47/24Closures with discharging devices other than pumps comprising hand-operated members for controlling discharge with poppet valves or lift valves, i.e. valves opening or closing a passageway by a relative motion substantially perpendicular to the plane of the seat
    • B65D47/241Closures with discharging devices other than pumps comprising hand-operated members for controlling discharge with poppet valves or lift valves, i.e. valves opening or closing a passageway by a relative motion substantially perpendicular to the plane of the seat the valve being opened or closed by actuating a cap-like element
    • B65D47/243Closures with discharging devices other than pumps comprising hand-operated members for controlling discharge with poppet valves or lift valves, i.e. valves opening or closing a passageway by a relative motion substantially perpendicular to the plane of the seat the valve being opened or closed by actuating a cap-like element moving linearly, i.e. without rotational motion

Description

June 7, 1932. A. HAMMERSTEIN 1,361,442
SELF CLOSING STOlPER FOR RECEPTACLES Filed Aug. 28, 1929 ATTORN EYS Patented June 7, 1932 UNITED STATES ARTHUR HAMMERSTEIN, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
SELF CLOSING STOPPER FOR RECEPTAGLES Application filed. August 28, 1929. Serial N 0. 388,867.
The invention relates to receptacles designed to contain fluids and more partlcularly to bottles or vials adapted to contaln perfume and equivalent liquids and has for its object to provide a stopper of simple and novel construction whereby the receptacles will be automatically sealed and which may be readily adjusted to fixed positions to respectively permit the contents to be expelled L... in drops or other relatively small quantities by a shaking movement of the receptacle, and to efficiently seal the receptacle against leakage.
Other objects will appear from the de- 212sscription-hereinafter, and the features of novelty will be pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawing, which illustrates an example of the invention without defining its limits, Fig. 1 is a side ele- EB-a' vation of a perfume bottle equipped with the novel stopper; Fig. 2 is a fragmentary sectional view thereof; Fig. 3 is a horizontal section on the line 22 of Fig. 1, and Fig. 4 is an inverted plan view of Fig. 3.
In the illustrated example the stopper comprises a body or head 5, from one end of which a tubular neck 6 of relatively smaller diameter projects in an axial direction, said neck being provided with external screw to threads adapting it for threaded connection with a collar 7 fixed in any conventional man ner upon the exit end of a bottle or other receptacle 8; if desired, a suitable gasket 7 may be located between the body 5 and collar 7 as shown in Fig. 2. At its outer end the body 5 is providedvwith an annular recess 9 which surrounds a cylindrical boss 10, which preferably projects outwardly beyond the body 5 and has its outer end internally shaped to constitute a valve seat 11, which forms the outer end of a bore or passage 12 extending axially through the body 5 and communicating with the interior chamber 13 of the neck 6, as shown in Fig. 2. The valve 4:) seat 11 co-operates with an external valve member 14 forming an inward axial extension of a cap 15 having an exit channel 16. The latter is connected by means of preferably inclined exit passages 17 with an interior chamber 18 formed by an annular flange 19 extending in an axial direction from the cap 15 and projecting slidably into the annular recess 9 of the body 5 in enclosing relation to the cylindrical boss 10, as shown in Fig. 2. The inner end of the exit channel 16 is screwthreaded for the reception of the threaded outer end of a rod 18 which extends axially through the bore or passage 12 and terminates at its inner end in a head 20 movably located within the chamber 13 of the neck 6; the rod 18 is of smaller diameter than the axial bore or passage 12, so that in the assembled condition of the parts an annular space surrounds said rod 18 to provide communication between the chamber 18 of the cap 17 and the interior of the bottle 8 when the valve 14 is in its open position, as will be more fully described hereinafter.
In the preferred arrangement, the inner end of the bore or passage 12 may be somewhat enlarged, as indicated at 12 for the purpose to be more fully described hereinafter. The head 20 is of cruciform construction, as shown in Fig. 4, to provide exit passages 21 for the liquid from the bottle 8, it being understood that any equivalent form of head may be substituted for the one shown in the drawing. For the purpose of fixing the valve 14 in its open and closed positions respectively, the head 20 and sleeve 6 are provided with detent means cooperating to fix said valve 14 in either of its positions. In the illustrated example, the detent means comprises balls 22 contained in a recess 23, with which the head 20 is provided and controlled by a spring 24, also located in said recess 23, and cooperating annular grooves 25 and 26 formed on the interior surface of the sleeve 6, and so located as to properly position the valve 14 in its closed and open positions, respectively. To facilitate the operation of the stopper, a preferably conical coil spring 27 is located in the chamber 13 with its enlarged end in engagement with the body 5 and its reduced end in engagement with the head 20.
In the normal condition of the parts, in which thebottle 8 is sealed, the valve 14 is located in engagement with the seal 11, and the balls 12 are positioned in the groove 25 to yieldingly and firmly fix said valve 14 in such closed position. When it is desired to expel the contents of the bottle 8, a pressure is exerted on the head to axially shift the parts outwardly to the position shown in Fig. 2 and to move the valve 14 in an axial direction to its open position away from the seat 11. In this condition the liquid is free to pass from the bottle 8 through the passages 21 into the enlarged portion 12" of the bore 12 to constitute what may be termed a supply of such liquid. If the bottle 8 is now subjected to a shaking movement, the liquid will be expelled from the enlarged portion 12'' through the bore 12 and into the chamber 18 of the cap 15 and therefrom through the exit channels 17 and exit passage 16 in successive drops or other small quantities. As the aforesaid outward pressure is exerted upon the cap 15 to open the valve 14, the tension of the spring 24 will be overcome so that the balls 22 will yield inwardly and pass from the groove 25 to the groove 26, to thereby firmly and yieldingly hold the valve 14 in its open position. No effort on the part of the operator is thus necessary to maintain said valve in its open position, with the result that only one hand is required to manipulate the stopper and to shake the bottle 8 for the purpose of expelling some of its contents. When a sufficient supply of the latter has been forced from the bottle 8, the valve 14; may be returned to its closed position on the seat 11, by simply exerting an inward axial pressure on the head 15, which will cause the balls 22 to again yield inwardly and to pass from the groove 26 back to the groove 25 to thereby again yieldingly fix the valve 1 1 in its closed position, and to effectively seal the bottle against leakage or any further expulsion of its contents. This return movement of the valve to its closed position is assisted by the spring 27; it will be understood that the tension of the latter, even when fully compressed, is not sufficient to overcome the tension of the spring 24 whereby the balls 22 are maintained in the groove 26.
The stopper is extremely simple in construction and normally provides an eliicient seal for the bottle, enabling the latter to be carried about in any position without danger of leakage or the spilling of its contents. At the same time the valve is capable of being adjusted to a fixed outer position, without material effort, so that the stopper provides a means whereby the contents of the bottle may be efficiently expelled in successive drops, or other limited quantities. lvhile the stopper is adapted particularly for use in connection with receptacles for perfumes, it may obviously be used with equal efficiency as a closure for bottles or other receptacles designed to contain other liquids. The stopper may readily be disconnected from the bottle 8 by simply unscrewing it from the collar 7 and may itself be disassembled by simply unscrewing the cap 15 from the rod 18. It is thus possible to easily and efficiently maintain the stopper in a sanitary condition and in a condition of maximum operativeness.
Various changes in the specific forms shown and described may be made within the scope of the claims without departing from the spirit of the invention.
I claim:
1. A stopper of the kind described, comprising a body arranged to be attached to the exit end of a receptacle in communication with the interior thereof, a valve seat combined with said body, a valve movable toward and away from said seat to close and open said receptacle, and detent means located on said body, cooperating detent means carried by said valve and movable therewith, one of said detent means being yieldable for yieldingly fixing said valve in both its closed and open positions respectively.
2. A stopper of the kind described, comprising a body arranged to be externally attached to the exit end of a receptacle in communication with the interior thereof, a valve seat located at the outer end of said body, a valve exteriorly of said body and axially movable toward and away from said seat to close and open said receptacle, detent means interiorly located on said body, and cooperating yielding detent means carried by and movable with said valve for yieldingly fixing said valve in both its closed and open positions respectively.
3. A stopper of the kind described, comprising a body arranged to be externally attached to the exit end of a receptacle and provided with an axial bore and a continuing internal chamber communicating with the interior of said receptacle, a valve seat at the outer end of said bore located outwardly beyond said body, an externally located valve axially movable toward and away from said seat to close and open said receptacle, and yielding detent means within said interior chamber including yielding devices, carried by said valve and movable therewith for yieldingly fixing the latter in both its closed and open positions respectively.
4.. A stopper of the kind described, comprising a body having an axial bore extending therethrough, a screwthreaded integral neck projecting from said body for connecting it with a receptacle, a cylindrical boss formed inwardly of said body as an integral part thereof, and projecting axially thereof, said boss with said body forming an annular recess, a. valve seat at the outer end of said boss forming the outer terminus of said bore, an external valve cooperating with said seat to open and close said receptacle, an apertured cap carrying said valve, an annular flange carried by said apertured cap and extending slidably into said annular recess in enclosing relation to said boss, detent means located within said neck and cooperating yielding detent means carried by said valve for yieldingly fixing it in its closed and open positions respectively.
5. A stopper of the kind described, comprising a body having an axial bore extending therethrough, an integrally screwthreaded neck projecting from said body for connecting it with a receptacle, said neck being provided with internal annular grooves, a cylindrical boss formed inwardly of said body and projecting axially thereof, said boss with said body forming an annular recess, a valve seat at the outer end of said boss forming the outer terminus of said bore, an external valve cooperating with said seat to open and close said receptacle, an apertured cap carrying said valve, an annular flange carried by said cap and extending slidably into said annular recess in enclosing relation to said boss, a cruciform head movably located within said neck and connected with said valve, and spring pressed detent balls carried by said head and cooperating with said internal grooves to yieldingly fix said valve in its closed and open positions respectively.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand.
ARTHUR HAMMERSTEIN.
US388867A 1929-08-28 1929-08-28 Self closing stopper for receptacles Expired - Lifetime US1861442A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US388867A US1861442A (en) 1929-08-28 1929-08-28 Self closing stopper for receptacles

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US388867A US1861442A (en) 1929-08-28 1929-08-28 Self closing stopper for receptacles

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1861442A true US1861442A (en) 1932-06-07

Family

ID=23535861

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US388867A Expired - Lifetime US1861442A (en) 1929-08-28 1929-08-28 Self closing stopper for receptacles

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1861442A (en)

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2544498A (en) * 1948-10-01 1951-03-06 Bridgeport Brass Co Removable strainer-stopper assembly for sinks or the like
US2556708A (en) * 1944-03-13 1951-06-12 Lincoln Eng Co Hydraulic circuit apparatus
US2615177A (en) * 1947-12-18 1952-10-28 Helen N Schlichting Waste stopper device
US2661018A (en) * 1950-04-18 1953-12-01 Thompson Prod Inc Drum valve assembly
US2685978A (en) * 1952-07-05 1954-08-10 Donald P Crockett Liquid dispensing cap for carbonated beverage bottles
US2969168A (en) * 1958-04-21 1961-01-24 Us Cap & Closure Inc Dispensing closures
US3195569A (en) * 1963-09-03 1965-07-20 Seaquist Valve Co Plural spray valve
US3402642A (en) * 1965-10-23 1968-09-24 Huck Mfg Co Reciprocating valve and piston
US3874241A (en) * 1973-03-15 1975-04-01 Ametek Inc Liquid-filled pressure gauge
US4946130A (en) * 1988-03-16 1990-08-07 Peter Kooiman Flow control device
US5048759A (en) * 1990-02-12 1991-09-17 Lee Matthew Enterprises, Inc. Hand-held shower device
US20110094602A1 (en) * 2006-08-11 2011-04-28 Brown Robin J Swivel safety breakaway connector
US20110108584A1 (en) * 2008-02-04 2011-05-12 N&W Global Vending S.P.A Soluble-material container for a beverage vending machine
US20130025722A1 (en) * 2010-04-19 2013-01-31 Xiamen Solex High-Tech Industries Co., Ltd. Multi-level waterway control device
US20150197380A1 (en) * 2014-01-14 2015-07-16 Closure Systems International Inc. Dispensing closure assembly with pre-venting
US10407225B2 (en) 2017-11-07 2019-09-10 Closure Systems International Inc. Closure and package that vents at high pressure

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2556708A (en) * 1944-03-13 1951-06-12 Lincoln Eng Co Hydraulic circuit apparatus
US2615177A (en) * 1947-12-18 1952-10-28 Helen N Schlichting Waste stopper device
US2544498A (en) * 1948-10-01 1951-03-06 Bridgeport Brass Co Removable strainer-stopper assembly for sinks or the like
US2661018A (en) * 1950-04-18 1953-12-01 Thompson Prod Inc Drum valve assembly
US2685978A (en) * 1952-07-05 1954-08-10 Donald P Crockett Liquid dispensing cap for carbonated beverage bottles
US2969168A (en) * 1958-04-21 1961-01-24 Us Cap & Closure Inc Dispensing closures
US3195569A (en) * 1963-09-03 1965-07-20 Seaquist Valve Co Plural spray valve
US3402642A (en) * 1965-10-23 1968-09-24 Huck Mfg Co Reciprocating valve and piston
US3874241A (en) * 1973-03-15 1975-04-01 Ametek Inc Liquid-filled pressure gauge
US4946130A (en) * 1988-03-16 1990-08-07 Peter Kooiman Flow control device
US5048759A (en) * 1990-02-12 1991-09-17 Lee Matthew Enterprises, Inc. Hand-held shower device
US20110094602A1 (en) * 2006-08-11 2011-04-28 Brown Robin J Swivel safety breakaway connector
US8251084B2 (en) * 2006-08-11 2012-08-28 Husky Corporation Swivel safety breakaway connector
US20110108584A1 (en) * 2008-02-04 2011-05-12 N&W Global Vending S.P.A Soluble-material container for a beverage vending machine
US20130025722A1 (en) * 2010-04-19 2013-01-31 Xiamen Solex High-Tech Industries Co., Ltd. Multi-level waterway control device
US9199253B2 (en) * 2010-04-19 2015-12-01 Xiamen Solex High-Tech Industries Co., Ltd. Multi-level waterway control device
US20150197380A1 (en) * 2014-01-14 2015-07-16 Closure Systems International Inc. Dispensing closure assembly with pre-venting
US9290308B2 (en) * 2014-01-14 2016-03-22 Closure Systems International Inc. Dispensing closure assembly with pre-venting
US10407225B2 (en) 2017-11-07 2019-09-10 Closure Systems International Inc. Closure and package that vents at high pressure

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3907174A (en) Dispensing pump construction with foldable discharge nozzle
US2715980A (en) Liquid handling dispenser
US2612293A (en) Container closure member having a dispensing valve therein
JP4117277B2 (en) Cosmetic product packaging and dispensing equipment
US4694977A (en) Fluid dispenser
US3863673A (en) Container dispenser valve
US3216630A (en) Closure for containers
US2565954A (en) Valved closure for vessel with fluid under pressure, having manually operated valve actuator
US3372846A (en) Pouring spout
US3154075A (en) Vaginal applicator
US3998364A (en) Dispensing valve for bottled carbonated beverages
US7210508B2 (en) Refill for cosmetic product dispenser
US3456650A (en) Blowback eliminator for collapsible tube
US5271532A (en) Hand pump utilizing press fit components for sealing and closure
US6290100B1 (en) Concentrate cartridge for a diluting and dispensing container
US2446501A (en) Dispensing device for viscous materials
CA1302367C (en) Container closure cap with metering appliance
US2813649A (en) Receptacles
US3268123A (en) Dispensers for fluent masses
US2219604A (en) Dispensing device
US3578223A (en) Container with closure
KR0138660B1 (en) A dual-chambered mixing and dispensing vial
US2687831A (en) Dispensing spout equipped container
US3080094A (en) Compartmented pressurized container valve assembly and a cutter therefor
US4002182A (en) Device for storing and applying cosmetics